Chapter 22.24
RABIES CONTROL

Sections:

22.24.010    Definitions.

22.24.020    Duty to report.

22.24.030    Animals that bite humans.

22.24.040    Animals exposed to rabies.

22.24.050    General provisions.

22.24.060    Vaccination.

22.24.010 Definitions.

For purposes of this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise, the following definitions shall apply:

Animal” means a domestic mammal.

Animal bite” means an animal bite resulting in a break to the skin. (Ord. 2017-27 § 9, 2017.)

22.24.020 Duty to report.

A. It shall be the duty of every person who is bitten by an animal or the owner of an animal that has bitten a person resulting in a break to the skin to report the incident to animal control.

B. It shall be the duty of any person that observes an animal exhibiting signs of rabies to report the animal to animal control.

C. It shall be the duty of every physician, or other practitioner of medicine, to report to animal control the names and addresses of persons treated for an animal bite that breaks the skin, together with such other information as will be helpful in rabies control.

D. It shall be the duty of every licensed veterinarian to report to animal control his/her diagnosis of any animal observed by him/her as a rabies suspect.

E. It shall be the duty of the animal control manager to report any animal exhibiting signs of rabies to the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. Animal control shall follow the directions of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services in regards to the disposition of the animal. (Ord. 2017-27 § 9, 2017.)

22.24.030 Animals that bite humans.

A. Animal control shall quarantine every dog, cat or ferret that bites a person resulting in a break to the skin for 10 days. A police dog that inflicts a bite in the line of duty shall not be quarantined when proof of current rabies vaccination is shown. Animal control may quarantine small mammals that bite a person. Any animal other than a dog, cat, ferret or small mammal that bites a person shall be quarantined and disposed of in accord with the directives of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services.

B. Quarantine may be on the premises of the owner at the discretion of the animal control officer and if the animal is properly immunized against rabies; otherwise such quarantine will take place in the animal shelter or, at the owner’s expense, in a veterinary hospital. In the case of stray dogs and cats, or if ownership is not known, quarantine shall be at the animal shelter.

C. The owner, upon demand made by an animal control officer, shall forthwith surrender any animal that has bitten a person resulting in a break to the skin, for a supervised quarantine. The animal may be reclaimed by the owner when adjudged to not be shedding rabies at the time of the bite to the person. No person shall fail, intentionally or with criminal negligence, to surrender such an animal for impound upon the demand of the animal control officer. Failure to surrender an animal pursuant to this subsection is a violation.

D. In lieu of quarantine, animals may be euthanized with or without rabies testing in accord with the directives of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services. (Ord. 2017-27 § 9, 2017.)

22.24.040 Animals exposed to rabies.

A. Animal control shall quarantine for 45 days every dog, cat or ferret that has been exposed or has potentially been exposed to rabies and that is current on rabies vaccination. Quarantine may be on the premises of the owner at the discretion of the animal control officer; otherwise such quarantine will take place in the animal shelter or, at the owner’s expense, in a veterinary hospital. In the case of stray dogs, cats and ferrets, or in case ownership is not known, such quarantine shall be at the animal shelter.

B. Animal control shall euthanize or place into strict quarantine for 120 days every dog and cat that has been exposed or has potentially been exposed to rabies and that has never been vaccinated for rabies. If the dog or cat does not receive a rabies vaccine within 96 hours from the time of exposure or potential exposure, animal control may extend the strict quarantine period to six months.

C. Animal control shall euthanize or place into strict quarantine for six months every ferret that has been exposed or has potentially been exposed to rabies and that has never been vaccinated for rabies.

D. Animal control shall quarantine for 45 days every dog and cat that has been exposed or has potentially been exposed to rabies and that is overdue for a rabies booster vaccine and has appropriate documentation of having received a USDA-licensed rabies vaccine at least once previously. Quarantine may be on the premises of the owner at the discretion of the animal control officer; otherwise such quarantine will take place in the animal shelter or, at the owner’s expense, in a veterinary hospital. In the case of stray dogs and cats, or in case ownership is not known, such quarantine shall be at the animal shelter. If the dog or cat does not receive a rabies vaccine within 96 hours from the time of exposure or potential exposure, animal control may extend the strict quarantine period to six months.

E. Dogs and cats that have been exposed or have potentially been exposed to rabies and that are overdue for a rabies booster vaccine and do not have appropriate documentation of having received a USDA-licensed rabies vaccine at least once previously shall be quarantined and disposed of in accord with the directives of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services.

F. Ferrets that have been exposed or have potentially been exposed to rabies and that are overdue for a rabies booster vaccine shall be quarantined and disposed of in accord with the directives of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services.

G. Any animal other than a dog, cat or ferret that has been exposed or has potentially been exposed to rabies shall be quarantined and disposed of in accord with the directives of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services.

H. The owner, upon demand made by an animal control officer, shall forthwith surrender any animal that has been exposed or has potentially been exposed to rabies, for a supervised quarantine; and the animal may be reclaimed by the owner as specified in this chapter when adjudged to be free of rabies. No person shall fail to surrender such an animal for impound upon the demand of the animal control officer. Failure to surrender an animal pursuant to this subsection is a violation.

I. In lieu of quarantine, animals may be euthanized with or without rabies testing in accord with the directives of the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services.

J. The owner, upon demand made by an animal control officer, shall forthwith surrender any animal that has been exposed or has potentially been exposed to rabies for euthanasia and testing.

K. The owner, upon demand made by an animal control officer, shall forthwith surrender any carcass of any dead animal that has been exposed to rabies for rabies testing. (Ord. 2017-27 § 9, 2017.)

22.24.050 General provisions.

A. The owner shall pay in advance the estimated boarding fees for any animal impounded at the animal shelter for quarantine through the last date of the quarantine period. Any unused boarding fees will be refunded.

B. No person shall kill or cause to be killed any animal that has bitten a person resulting in a break to the skin and/or that has been exposed or potentially been exposed to rabies, except in defense of life and limb or to euthanize to prevent pain and suffering of the animal, nor remove same from the area without written permission from the animal control manager. All efforts shall be made to save the head from the dead animal for rabies testing.

C. No person shall fail or refuse to surrender any animal for euthanasia and rabies testing when demand is made by an animal control officer if the animal is suspected of being infected with rabies.

D. In the event of a positive case of rabies, upon the recommendation of the animal control manager, the borough mayor may put into effect such precautionary regulations as may be deemed necessary. Such precautionary regulations shall be made public by means of an intensive information campaign through local news media and other appropriate means. All additional regulations must be approved at a special meeting of the borough assembly. (Ord. 2017-27 § 9, 2017.)

22.24.060 Vaccination.

A. No person shall own, keep or harbor a dog, cat or ferret over four months of age within the borough unless such animal is properly immunized against rabies in accordance with the initial and booster vaccination schedules as recommended in the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2016.

B. Animal control shall, at least annually, hold a rabies vaccination clinic. The clinic shall be held at such times and places as to encourage the widest participation. Fees to be charged may not exceed cost plus 10 percent.

C. It is unlawful for a person to issue, transfer or forge a certificate for a rabies vaccination or rabies tag when no vaccination has been administered.

D. The owner of an animal required to be properly immunized against rabies by this code or other applicable law shall provide proof of vaccination upon request by animal control when the animal has been involved in an animal bite incident, is reported to act in a threatening or hostile manner, is running at large, is at a dog park, or has been impounded. Failure to provide proof of rabies immunization to animal control within two business days is a violation.

E. All animals released from the animal shelter, whether by virtue of redemption, adoption, release from protective custody, or otherwise, shall be vaccinated against rabies.

F. An adoptive owner of an animal without a current rabies vaccine shall pay, at the time of the adoption, the current fee for a rabies vaccination.

G. For all other animals, if the owner cannot provide proof of current rabies vaccination at the time of redemption, the owner shall pay the current fee for a rabies vaccination plus a fee for expired rabies vaccination. (Ord. 2017-27 § 9, 2017.)