Chapter 17.80
EMERGENCY SHELTERS AND TRANSITIONAL HOUSING FACILITIES

Sections:

17.80.010    Purpose And Intent.

17.80.020    General Requirements.

17.80.030    Emergency Shelters.

17.80.040    Transitional Housing.

17.80.010 Purpose And Intent.

The general plan housing element of the Greenfield 2005 general plan identifies the city’s need to provide equal access to housing for people with special needs, including encouraging the development of emergency and transitional housing. The California Government Code establishes certain local government regulatory limits related to the development and approval of emergency shelters and transitional housing facilities. It is the intent of this chapter to provide for adequate development and operational standards to assure appropriate housing and services for special needs populations. This chapter shall be interpreted and applied consistent with the policies and guidelines of the general plan housing element and the requirements of the California Government Code. (Ord. 510 §1(part), 2015: Ord. 473 §3, 2007).

17.80.020 General Requirements.

A.    Licensing Compliance: Emergency shelter and transitional housing facilities shall comply with all federal and California state licensing requirements.

B.    Code Compliance: Emergency shelter and transitional housing facilities shall comply with all applicable uniform building and fire codes, including maximum occupancy restrictions. (Ord. 510 §1(part), 2015: Ord. 473 §3, 2007).

17.80.030 Emergency Shelters.

A.    Definition: "Emergency shelter" means housing with minimal supportive services for homeless persons that is limited to occupancy of six (6) months or less by a homeless person. No individual or household may be denied emergency shelter because of an inability to pay.

B.    Permit Requirements: Emergency shelters are permitted in R-M (medium density residential), R-H (high density residential), C-R (retail business), and I-L (light industrial) zoning districts and shall be subject to the following conditions:

1.    Emergency shelters are allowed in the C-R and I-L zoning districts as a permitted use without a conditional use or other discretionary permit.

2.    Emergency shelters are allowed in the R-M and R-H zoning districts subject to issuance of a conditional use permit.

3.    Notwithstanding subsection B1 of this section, allowance of an emergency shelter of one hundred (100) or more beds in the C-R and I-L zoning districts is subject to issuance of a conditional use permit.

C.    Exemption: The requirements of this section do not apply in situations of city or statewide designated disasters or catastrophic conditions, but only for the duration of the designated disaster or catastrophic condition.

D.    Development and Operational Standards: Emergency shelters shall comply with all standards provided by this section.

1.    Parking: Off-street parking shall be provided as required for other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zoning district.

2.    Waiting/Intake Areas: An enclosed or screened waiting/intake area shall be provided on the property. Queuing within the public right-of-way is not permitted.

3.    Living Areas: The facility shall have adequate private living space, shower and toilet facilities, and secure storage areas for its intended residents.

4.    On-Site Management:

a.    Personnel/Security: The shelter shall provide at least one qualified on-site supervisor at all times during hours of operation when clients are present. Emergency contact information shall be posted on the exterior of the facility adjacent to the main entrance, as well as on the interior in a location accessible to all residents.

b.    Hours of Operation: Regular hours for client intake and discharge shall be posted on the exterior of the facility adjacent to the entrance, as well as on the interior in a location accessible to all residents.

5.    Length of Stay: The program shall provide accommodations appropriate for a minimum stay of twenty-eight (28) days and a maximum stay of one hundred eighty (180) days per client.

6.    Exterior Lighting: Exterior lighting shall be provided on pedestrian pathways and parking lot areas on the property. Lighting shall reflect away from residential areas and public streets.

7.    Support Services:

a.    The program shall identify a transportation system that will provide its clients with a reasonable level of mobility, including, but not limited to, access to social services, housing, and employment opportunities.

b.    The program shall provide services to ensure that school age children are enrolled in school during their stay at the facility. (Ord. 510 §1(part), 2015: Ord. 473 §3, 2007).

17.80.040 Transitional Housing.

A.    Definition: "Transitional housing" means housing with supportive services for up to twenty-four (24) months that is exclusively designated and targeted for recently homeless persons. Transitional housing includes self-sufficiency development services, with the ultimate goal of moving recently homeless persons to permanent housing as quickly as possible, and limits rents and service fees to an ability-to-pay formula reasonably consistent with the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development’s requirements for subsidized housing for low income persons. Rents and service fees paid for transitional housing may be reserved, in whole or in part, to assist residents in moving to permanent housing.

B.    Permit Requirements: Transitional housing facilities shall be considered a residential use of property, and shall be subject only to those restrictions and standards that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zoning district.

C.    Development and Operational Standards: Transitional housing shall comply with the same development standards that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zoning district. In addition to those development standards, the following operational standards shall also apply to transitional housing facilities:

1.    Length of Stay: The program shall provide accommodations appropriate for a maximum stay of twenty-four (24) months per client.

2.    Living Areas: The facility shall have adequate private living space, shower and toilet facilities, and secure storage areas for its intended residents.

3.    Support Services: The following minimum support services shall be provided by the transitional housing provider:

a.    If a program includes a drug or alcohol abuse counseling component, appropriate state and/or federal licensing shall be required.

b.    The program shall identify a transportation system that will provide its clients with a reasonable level of mobility including, but not limited to, access to social services, housing and employment opportunities.

c.    The program shall provide specific mechanisms for residents to contact social services.

d.    The program shall include clear and acceptable arrangements for facility residents, such as on site meal preparations or food provision and disbursement.

e.    The program, where applicable, shall provide childcare services and ensure that school age children are enrolled in school during their stay at the facility.

D.    Management Plan: The transitional housing provider shall prepare a written management plan including, as applicable, provisions for staff training, neighborhood outreach, security, screening of residents to ensure compatibility with services provided at the facility, and for training, counseling, support, and treatment programs for residents. (Ord. 510 §1(part), 2015).