Chapter 13.12
WATER WELLS

Sections:

13.12.010    Purpose.

13.12.020    Definitions and interpretation.

13.12.030    Permit—Required.

13.12.040    Permit—Compliance with conditions

13.12.050    Permit—Application.

13.12.060    Permit—Issuance or denial.

13.12.070    Permit—Expiration.

13.12.080    Permit—Suspension and revocation.

13.12.090    Variances.

13.12.100    Standards adopted by reference—Modification.

13.12.110    State reporting.

13.12.120    Appeals.

13.12.130    Right of entry and inspection.

13.12.010 Purpose.

The purposes of this chapter are:

A.    To regulate the construction, maintenance, repair, reconstruction, abandonment and destruction of wells so as to protect the quality of underground waters by preventing or minimizing the pollution or contamination thereof, thereby promoting the public health, safety and welfare; and

B.    To comply with Article 4 (commencing at Section 13800) of Chapter 10, Division 7 of the Water Code, relating to well standards. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.020 Definitions and interpretation.

A.    As used in this chapter, unless otherwise apparent from the context:

1.    “Contamination,” “pollution” and “nuisance” have the meanings ascribed to them by Section 13050 of the Water Code.

2.    “Health officer” means the health officer or the director of health services of the county of Monterey, or the authorized representative of either of them.

3.    “Person” means any individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation or governmental agency.

4.    “Shall” is mandatory, and “may” is permissive.

5.    “Well” or “water well” means any artificial excavation constructed by any method for the purpose of extracting water from, or injecting water into, the underground. This definition shall not include:

a.    Oil and gas wells, or geothermal wells constructed under the jurisdiction of the Department of Conservation, except those wells converted to use as water wells; or

b.    Wells used for the purpose of dewatering excavation during construction, or stabilization hillsides or earth embankments.

B.    Words used in the present tense include the future as well as the present; words used in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural the singular.

C.    Section headings, when contained in this chapter, shall not be deemed to govern, limit, modify, or in any manner affect the scope, meaning, or intent of the provisions of any article or section. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.030 Permit—Required.

No person shall construct, repair, reconstruct, abandon, or destroy any well unless a written permit has first been obtained from the health officer pursuant to this chapter. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.040 Permit—Compliance with conditions.

A.    No person to whom such a permit has been issued shall fail to comply with all of the terms and conditions thereof and with the standards specified in this chapter.

B.    No person other than a contractor licensed in accordance with the provisions of the Contractors License Law (Chapter 9, Division 3, of the Business and Professions Code) shall perform any construction, repair, reconstruction, or destruction of a well, unless exempted by that law. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.050 Permit—Application.

Application for permit pursuant to this chapter shall be:

A.    Made to the health officer in such form as he may prescribe, setting forth such information as he may reasonably require to secure the purposes of this chapter.

B.    Signed by the applicant and, unless for the abandonment or destruction of a well, accompanied by a filing fee of twenty-five dollars, no part of which shall be refundable. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.060 Permit—Issuance or denial.

Any permit which is issued may contain and be subject to such terms and conditions as the health officer finds necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. He shall deny an application for a permit if, in his judgment, its issuance would tend to defeat the purposes of this chapter. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.070 Permit—Expiration.

Every permit issued pursuant to this chapter shall expire and become null and void if the work authorized thereby has not been completed within one year following its issuance. Upon expiration no further work shall be done unless and until a new permit has been obtained. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.080 Permit—Suspension and revocation.

A.    The health officer may suspend or revoke any permit issued pursuant to this chapter whenever he finds that the permittee has violated any of the provisions of this chapter or has misrepresented any material fact in his application, or any supporting documents, for such permit. Prior to ordering any such suspension or revocation, the health officer shall give the permittee an opportunity for a hearing thereon, after reasonable notice.

B.    No person whose permit has been suspended or revoked shall continue to perform the work for which the permit was granted until, in the case of suspension, such permit has been reinstated by the health officer.

C.    Upon suspending or revoking any permit, the health officer may order the permittee to perform any work reasonably necessary to protect the underground waters from pollution or contamination if any work already done by the permittee has left a well in such condition as to constitute a hazard to the quality of the underground waters. No permittee shall fail to comply with any such order. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.090 Variances.

The health officer shall have the power, in specific cases, to grant a variance from any provision of the standards incorporated into this chapter by reference whenever he finds that special circumstances exist in a particular case and that practical difficulties or unnecessary hardship would result from the strict interpretation and enforcement of any such standard, and that the granting of such a variance would not tend to defeat the purposes of this chapter. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.100 Standards adopted by reference—Modification.

Chapter II and Appendices E, F, and G of the California Department of Water Resources Bulletin No. 74, “Water Well Standards,” dated February 1968, and California Department of Water Resources Bulletin No. 74-1, “Cathodic Protection Well Standards,” dated March 1973, copies of both of which are on file as required by law, are adopted and incorporated into this chapter by reference, with the following modification to paragraph A of Section 8 of Part II of said Bulletin No. 74: The minimum distance between all wells and any subsurface sewage leaching field or septic tank shall be one hundred feet. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.110 State reporting.

A.    Nothing contained in this chapter shall be deemed to excuse any person from compliance with the provisions of Article 3 (commencing at Section 13750) of Chapter 10, Division 7 of the Water Code, relating to notices and reports.

B.    Upon completion of a well the owner or his authorized representative shall file with the health officer a copy of the well driller’s detailed log, referred to in Section 13751 of the Water Code. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.120 Appeals.

A.    Any person whose application for a permit has been denied, or granted conditionally, or whose permit has been suspended or revoked, may appeal to the city council, in writing, within ten days after any such denial, conditional granting, suspension or revocation. Such appeal shall specify the grounds upon which it is taken, and shall be accompanied by a filing fee of twenty-five dollars. The clerk of the council shall set such appeal for hearing at the earliest practicable time, and shall notify the appellant and the health officer, in writing, of the time so set at least five days prior to the hearing.

B.    After such hearing the city council may reverse, wholly or partly, or may modify the order or determination appealed from. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)

13.12.130 Right of entry and inspection.

The health officer shall enforce and administer this chapter, and shall have the right to enter upon any premises at all reasonable times to make inspections and tests for the purpose of such enforcement and administration. If any such premises is occupied he shall first present proper credentials and demand entry, and if same is unoccupied he shall first make a reasonable effort to locate the owner or other person having charge or control of same and demand entry. If such entry is refused he shall have recourse to such remedies as are provided by law to secure entry. (Ord. 76-5 § 1 (part), 1976)