Chapter 17.44
PARKING REQUIREMENTS*

Sections:

17.44.010    Generally.

17.44.020    Residential.

17.44.030    Commercial and mixed commercial and residential use.

17.44.040    Recreational facilities.

17.44.050    Public buildings.

17.44.060    Industrial.

17.44.070    General requirements.

*    Prior ordinance history: Ords. 77-10, 84-7, 86-1, 86-8, 87-5 and 93-6.

17.44.010 Generally.

All uses permitted by this title shall provide minimum parking in accordance with the formulas in this chapter. (Zoning ordinance dated 7/94 (part), 1994)

17.44.020 Residential.

Parking requirements for residential use, excluding residential use approved by use permit as pursuant to Section 17.22.030 or 17.24.030 of this title, shall be as follows:

A.    Single-family dwellings: two spaces which shall be in a garage, except single-family dwellings in the R-4 district may as an alternative have one space or two tandem spaces, one of which shall be in a garage as determined by the planning commission and subject to obtaining a use permit;

B.    Duplex dwellings: two spaces, per dwelling unit, one of which shall be covered;

C.    Secondary dwelling units and guest houses in conformance with Section 17.06.040 of this title, no additional parking required;

D.    Multiple Dwellings.

1.    One-bedroom units and efficiencies: one space for each dwelling unit which shall be covered plus one additional space for each five dwelling units or fraction thereof,

2.    Two-bedroom units: one and one-half spaces for each dwelling unit, one of which shall be covered plus one additional space for each five dwelling units or fraction thereof,

3.    Three or more bedroom units: two spaces for each dwelling unit, one of which shall be covered plus one additional space for each five dwelling units or fraction thereof,

4.    General Note. All required on-site parking spaces shall be uniformly distributed throughout the development to the satisfaction of the site and architectural design review board,

5.    General Note. Twenty percent of all required parking spaces, but in no case less than one space, shall be kept unreserved and available for visitor parking. Visitor parking spaces shall be identified by a sign or other means and shall be uniformly distributed throughout the development to the satisfaction of the site and architectural design review board;

E.    Dwellings Approved Under Chapter 17.54 of this Code.

1.    One-bedroom units and efficiencies: one space for each dwelling unit which shall be enclosed plus two additional spaces for each five dwelling units or fraction thereof,

2.    Two or more bedroom units: two spaces for each dwelling unit which shall be enclosed plus two additional spaces for each five dwelling units or fraction thereof,

3.    General Note. All required on-site parking spaces shall be uniformly distributed throughout the development to the satisfaction of the site and architectural design review board,

4.    General Note. Twenty percent of all required parking spaces, but in no case less than one space, shall be kept unreserved and available for visitor parking. Visitor parking spaces shall be identified by a sign or other means and shall be uniformly distributed throughout the development to the satisfaction of the site and architectural design review board;

F.    Rooming and boarding houses: one covered parking space for each bedroom;

G.    Hotel, resort hotel, motel and auto court accommodations: one space for each unit; one space for the manager and one and one-half spaces for any unit in a hotel, resort hotel, motel or auto court containing a kitchen or kitchenette. Separate parking requirements remain applicable to other uses which may be associated with such complexes, such as restaurants, conference centers or public coastal access;

H.    Mobile home parks: two parking spaces for each mobile home site plus two additional spaces for each five mobile home sites or fraction thereof, except that where a mobile home park has been and continues to be certified by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development as a mobile home park providing housing for adults fifty-five years old or older, two parking spaces for each mobile home site which may be tandem spaces plus one additional parking space for each six mobile home site or fraction thereof are required. Further, in mobile home parks with more than fifty mobile home sites, an area or areas shall be provided for the storage of boat trailers and recreational vehicles with a total area of not less than twenty square feet per mobile home site;

I.    Recreational vehicle park: one parking space for each six recreational vehicle sites;

J.    Transitional housing for homeless persons: parking shall be provided at the rates as required elsewhere in this section except that the planning commission or city council on appeal, may grant a use permit or amendment to an existing use permit, for a lesser number of parking spaces associated with transitional housing for homeless persons under the federal McKinney Act on the basis of adequate evidence of a lesser parking demand and the application of any appropriate conditions determined necessary to meet the general purposes of the zoning ordinance as listed in Section 17.02.030 of this title. Among the conditions applied in each case shall be a requirement that the applicant establish and maintain a program of monitoring parking usage, including submitting periodic reports of such monitoring to the city and that the planning commission or city council on appeal may, after a noticed public hearing, require modifications to the parking provided on the site if the city finds that such modifications are warranted. (Ord. 2005-02 § 1 (Exh. A (part)), 2005: Ord. 2003-09 § 1 (part), 2003: Ord. 99-04 § 1 (part), 1999; Ord. 96-24 § 1, 1996: Ord. 96-7 § 1 (part), 1996; zoning ordinance dated 7/94 (part), 1994)

17.44.030 Commercial and mixed commercial and residential use.

Parking requirements for commercial use and residential use approved by use permit as pursuant to Section 17.22.030 or 17.24.030 of this title, shall be as follows:

A.    Medical and dental offices: one parking space for each three hundred square feet of gross floor area plus one space for each office unit;

B.    Veterinary hospitals and offices: one parking space for each three hundred square feet of gross floor area;

C.    Service establishments, banks, offices: one parking space for each three hundred square feet of gross floor area;

D.    Restaurants: one parking space for each sixty square feet of dining area;

E.    Taverns: one parking space for each four seats;

F.    Retail stores: one parking space for each two hundred seventy-five square feet of gross floor area;

G.    General commercial (nursery, building materials yard, etc.): one parking space for each three regular employees on the largest shift and not less than one parking space for each two thousand square feet of gross floor area;

H.    Take-out food establishment: eight parking spaces plus one space for each one hundred square feet of gross floor area;

I.    Loading space: one loading space for each five thousand square feet of store floor area;

J.    Furniture and major appliance stores: one parking space per five hundred square feet of gross floor area;

K.    One space per residential unit. (Ord. 2005-02 § 1 (Exh. A (part)), 2005: zoning ordinance dated 7/94 (part), 1994)

17.44.040 Recreational facilities.

Recreational facilities parking requirements shall be as follows:

A.    Ballparks, stadiums, outdoor recreation centers: one parking space for each eight seats;

B.    Bowling alleys: five parking spaces for each alley;

C.    Swimming pools: one parking space for each one hundred square feet of pool area;

D.    Private community centers: one parking space for each four hundred square feet of area provided that a use permit is granted with findings that members of the community center generally live or work in close proximity to the center and are well served by transit and/or a network of walking and bicycling trails to access the center. (Ord. 2006-17 § 1 (part), 2006; zoning ordinance dated 7/94 (part), 1994)

17.44.050 Public buildings.

Public building parking requirements shall be as follows:

A.    Theaters, churches, indoor sports arenas, assembly halls, auditoriums, and similar places of public assemblage: one parking space for each four seats, and not less than one parking space for each two hundred square feet of gross floor area;

B.    Libraries, museums, art galleries: one parking space for each three hundred square feet of gross floor area;

C.    Hospitals: one parking space per bed plus one parking space for each three employees, and not less than one parking space for each three hundred square feet of gross floor area. (Zoning ordinance dated 7/94 (part), 1994)

17.44.060 Industrial.

Industrial, manufacturing and warehousing parking requirements shall be as follows:

A.    Industrial, manufacturing, warehousing: one parking space for each three employees on the largest shift, and not less than one parking space for each one thousand square feet of gross floor area;

B.    Office space in conjunction with permitted uses: one parking space for each two hundred square feet of floor area;

C.    Truck loading and truck parking spaces: one space for each establishment and not less than one parking space for each five thousand square feet of gross floor area to a maximum of four spaces;

D.    Other uses shall provide parking as determined by the planning commission. (Zoning ordinance dated 7/94 (part), 1994)

17.44.070 General requirements.

General requirements shall be as follows:

A.    Any off-street parking space, whether or not required by the terms of this title for any building or use wherein more than two automobile parking spaces are required, shall be designed so as to provide for maneuvering of the vehicles on the building site in such a way that they may leave the building site to enter any public or private road in a forward direction;

B.    Off-street parking spaces shall not be permitted in the required front nor the required side yard and driveways shall not be permitted in the required front yard nor the required side yard abutting a street except as necessary for ingress and egress from the street. However, off-street parking spaces for handicapped persons as required by federal or state law may be located in the required front yard or the required side yard abutting a street;

C.    All parking areas and driveway surfaces shall be permanently paved and maintained to the satisfaction of the city engineer;

D.    As defined by this title, a required parking space shall be a minimum of nine feet by nineteen feet.

E.    Parking Demand Management Program. Parking shall be provided at the rates as required elsewhere in this chapter and parking shall have minimum dimensions as defined by subsection D, except that the planning commission or the city council on appeal, may grant a use permit or amendment to an existing use permit, to allow 1) a given parking space or spaces to be counted towards the parking requirements for two or more uses, 2) a lesser number of parking spaces, and 3) minimum dimensions of less than defined in said subsection; subject to the implementation of an ongoing and continuous parking demand management program as described below and determined necessary to meet the general purposes of the zoning ordinance as listed in Section 17.02.030.

1.    A given parking space or parking spaces may be counted towards parking requirements for two or more uses in circumstances where a parking demand management program identifies specific parking spaces to be shared by two or more uses having peak parking demands occurring at different times of the day or week. Such shared parking spaces may serve two or more uses on separate lots where any permanent and non-revocable agreements bind the property owners and operators of the uses to share parking as described in an approved parking demand management program. The parking demand management program shall identify specific parking spaces to be shared, the times of the day and days of the week each parking space will be available for each use to be served, and the proximity and ease of access of shared parking spaces to uses to be served. Any such shared parking space shall be located within three hundred feet of site proposed to be served.

2.    A lesser number of parking spaces may be approved in circumstances where a parking demand management program for employment sites with over fifty employees or places of assembly with more than fifty seats in one assembly location defines and implements permanent transportation programs to the employment site or the assembly location, respectively. Said transportation programs shall provide transportation to work or place of assembly by bus, van or car pools, bicycles or other alternative forms of transportation to the private automobile.

3.    Lesser parking space dimensions may be approved in circumstances where a parking demand management program for places of assembly with fifty or more seats in one assembly location defines and permanently implements a program of staffed valet parking during all times of assembly.

F.    Landscaped planting areas shall be incorporated into the design of all parking areas in accordance with adopted city design guidelines and standards. (Ord. 2003-03 § 1 (part), 2003: Ord. 2001-08 § 1, 2001; zoning ordinance dated 7/94 (part), 1994)