Chapter 23.31
COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ZONING DISTRICTS

Sections:

23.31.010    Purpose.

23.31.020    Commercial and industrial zoning districts.

23.31.030    Commercial and industrial zoning districts allowable land uses and permit requirements.

23.31.040    Commercial and industrial zoning districts development standards.

23.31.010 Purpose.

This chapter lists the commercial and industrial zoning districts as established by PGMC 23.12.010 and establishes the development standards and types of land uses permitted in each commercial and industrial zoning district. [Ord. 13-003 § 2, 2013].

23.31.020 Commercial and industrial zoning districts.

(a) Light Commercial (C-1). The C-1 zoning district provides for neighborhood scale and locally oriented retail, service, and office uses.

(b) Light Commercial and Hotel (C-1-T). The C-1-T zoning district was enacted by citizen initiative, and the standards of the district are included in the applicable sections of this chapter without modification from the initiative.

(1) Intent of District. The intent of the C-1-T district as described by the initiative is as follows:

(A) It is the intent of the people of the city of Pacific Grove in enacting the ordinance codified in this chapter to establish a zone district in the city’s downtown area where hotel use is permitted, as are all other uses listed in the C-1 district of this code, as said district may be from time to time amended by the council. The people have determined that the area of downtown defined by subsection (b)(2) of this section is appropriate for hotel development. Further, except as modified by this chapter, all provisions of the motel/hotel regulation ballot measure enacted by the people at the June 3, 1986, special municipal election, as set out at Chapter 23.52 PGMC, shall remain unchanged and in full force and effect.

(B) It is also the intent of the people of the city of Pacific Grove in enacting the ordinance codified in this chapter to provide for an exception to the strict regulations governing condominium development at Chapter 23.45 PGMC, said section enacted by the people at an election held in the city on November 2, 1982. The people have determined that the area of the downtown defined in subsection (b)(2) of this section is appropriate for condominium development in a manner less restrictive than defined by regulations set out in Chapter 23.45 PGMC. Further, except as modified by this chapter, the provisions of Chapter 23.45 PGMC shall remain unchanged and in full force and effect.

(2) Boundaries of District. The C-1-T district shall be that area defined by the block bounded by Lighthouse Avenue, Grand Avenue, Central Avenue and Fountain Avenue.

(3) Amendment. No provision of the C-1-T zoning district shall be repealed or amended except by a vote of the people.

(c) Downtown Commercial (C-D). The C-D zoning district is intended to provide for a range of uses including retail, restaurants, services, entertainment, and upper floor residential, and other compatible uses which enhance the vitality and character of the city’s historic commercial core.

(d) Forest Hill Commercial (C-FH). The C-FH zoning district serves as an entrance to the city, offering a variety of commercial and service uses while respecting nearby residential uses.

(e) Heavy Commercial (C-2). The C-2 zoning district is applied to areas of the city that are appropriate for service commercial and light manufacturing uses, which may involve outdoor storage or activity areas.

(f) Visitor Commercial (C-V). The C-V zoning district is applied to areas of the city appropriate for retail sales, commercial services, and institutional uses oriented to tourism.

(g) Restricted Industrial (I). The I zoning district is applied to areas of the city that are appropriate for service commercial and light manufacturing uses, which may involve outdoor storage or activity areas. [Ord. 13-003 § 2, 2013].

23.31.030 Commercial and industrial zoning districts allowable land uses and permit requirements.

Key to Zoning District Symbols

C-1

Light Commercial

C-FH

Forest Hill Commercial

I

Restricted Industrial

C-1-T

Light Commercial and Hotel

C-2

Heavy Commercial

 

 

C-D

Downtown Commercial

C-V

Visitor Commercial

 

 

 

P = Permitted use; counter review and determination required (see PGMC 23.70.020)

UP = Use permit required (see PGMC 23.70.080)

AUP = Administrative use permit required (see PGMC 23.70.030)

-- = Use not allowed

 

Table 23.31.030 Commercial and Industrial Zoning Districts Allowable Land Uses and Permit Requirements 

Use

Specific Use Regulations (PGMC)

C-11

C-1-T1

C-D1

C-FH1

C-2

C-V1

I

Industry, Manufacturing and Processing

Contract construction – no outdoor storage

 

P2

P2

--

P2

P3,4

P2

P3

Contract construction – outdoor storage

 

--

--

--

--

P3,4

UP

UP

Construction, large-scale equipment sales and rental

 

--

--

--

--

P3,4

UP

UP

Industrial, light

 

UP

UP

--

UP

AUP3,4

UP

AUP3,4

Recycling facility

 

UP

UP

--

UP

UP

UP

UP

Research and development facility

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Storage – self-storage facility

 

--

--

--

--

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Warehousing, wholesaling and distribution

 

--

--

--

--

P3

P2

P3

Recreation, Education and Public Assembly

Commercial recreation facility – indoor (≤ 10,000 sf)

7.08, 7.12, 23.64.035

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Commercial recreation facility – outdoor

 

AUP2

AUP2

--

--

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Community garden

 

AUP5

AUP5

AUP5

AUP5

AUP5

AUP5

--

Health/fitness studio (≤ 10,000 sf)

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Meeting facility, public or private (≤ 10,000 sf)

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P

P3

Park, playground (public)

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Public or quasi-public facility (≤ 10,000 sf)

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

School, specialty (≤ 10,000 sf)

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

--

Theater or auditorium (≤ 10,000 sf)

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Residential

Accessory building or structure

 

P

P

P

P

P

--

UP

Condominium

 

UP

UP6

UP

UP

UP

--

UP

Duplex

 

P

P

P

P

P

--

UP

Dwelling group

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

UP

Emergency shelters

 

 

 

 

 

P9

 

 

Home business

23.16

P

P

P

P

P

--

UP

Large family day care home

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

--

Mixed-use (residential above or behind commercial)

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

--

--

Mobile home park

 

--

--

--

--

UP

--

UP

Multifamily dwelling

7 or fewer units

23.28.020

P

P

P

P

P

--

UP

8 or more units

23.28.020

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

UP

Residential care

Housing 6 or fewer persons

 

10

10

10

10

10

10

10

Housing 7 or more persons

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

UP

Rooming and boarding house

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

UP

Second unit

23.80

P

P

P

P

P

--

UP

Single-family dwelling

 

P

P

P

P

P

--

UP

Retail Sales

Automobile/vehicle sales and rental

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Automobile/vehicle service station

 

AUP2

AUP2

--

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Bar/tavern/nightclub

 

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

Brew pub with food service

23.64.290

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

--

Farmers market

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

Flea market

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

Micro-brewery

23.64.290

--

--

--

UP

UP

UP

UP

Pub or sports bar with food service

23.64.290

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

--

Restaurant, general and formula general

w/ no alcohol sales

23.64.134

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

--

w/ alcohol sales

23.64.134, 23.64.290

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

--

Restaurant, specialty (not formula)

w/ no alcohol sales

23.64.134; if formula, see also 23.64.115

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

--

w/ beer and wine sales only

23.64.134, 23.64.290; if formula, see also 23.64.115

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

--

Restaurant, fast food (not formula) – w/ no alcohol sales

23.64.134; if formula, see also 23.64.115

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

--

Restaurant, drive-in/drive-through (not formula) – w/ no alcohol sales

23.64.134; if formula, see also 23.64.115

--

--

--

UP

--

--

--

Retail – general, except the following:

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

UP

Adult-oriented sales

 

UP7

UP7

--

UP7

--

--

--

Alcoholic beverage sales

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

AUP2

--

Auction houses

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Automobile rental

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Bail bonds

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Blood, plasma, tissue donation

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Body piercing/tattoo parlor

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Check cashing stores

 

--

--

--

P

P

P

P

Dollar/99 cent stores

 

--

--

--

P

P

P

P

Electric cigarette/e-vapor

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Gold and silver exchange stores

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Kennels or pet boarding**

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Pawn shops

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Recreational vehicle sales

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Meeting halls or places of assembly

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Tire sales and repair

 

P

--

--

P

P

P

P

Businesses from which minors excluded by law or owner

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

--

Floor area over 10,000 sf

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Operating between 12:00 a.m. and 7:00 a.m.

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

Outdoor storage or displays

 

AUP

AUP

AUP

AUP

AUP1

AUP

AUP1

Retail – restricted

 

UP

UP

--

UP

UP

UP

UP

Wine bar

23.64.290

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Wine tasting room

23.64.290

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Services

Animal keeping/training facilities or veterinary service

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Automobile/vehicle repair

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Bank or financial service, except the following:

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Floor area over 10,000 sf at street level

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

w/ drive-through

 

UP

UP

--

UP

UP

UP

UP

Business support service

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Car wash and detailing

 

AUP2

AUP2

--

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Catering and events

23.64.290

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

UP

UP

UP

Equipment/appliance rental and repair

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Laundry or dry cleaning service

 

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Lodging

Bed and breakfast inn –w/ beer and wine sales only

23.64.290

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP2

AUP3

AUP2

AUP3

Hotel or motel

23.64.290

--

UP8

--

--

--

--

--

Medical service

Ambulance service

 

UP

UP

--

UP

UP

UP

UP

Clinic or lab

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Medical office

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Hospital

 

UP

UP

--

--

UP

UP

UP

Mortuary or funeral home

 

UP

UP

--

UP

UP

UP

UP

Office, business or professional

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

UP

UP

Personal service

7.06

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

UP

Personal service – restricted

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

Printing or creative service

 

P2

P2

P2

P2

P3

P2

P3

Transportation and Infrastructure

Parking facility

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

Public utility

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

Radio or television station

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

Taxi service

7.16

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

Transit center

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

Wireless telecommunication facility

 

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

End Notes:

1. No merchandise, tools, machinery, equipment, or materials shall be stored or displayed outside of a building, except as specifically permitted for retail uses under an administrative use permit. Temporary administrative use permits, good for not over 30 days, may be granted, pursuant to PGMC 23.70.030(b)(7), for temporary outdoor sales events of new merchandise by merchants holding use permits or otherwise qualified to operate within the applicable district; provided, that such outdoor sales are operated in conjunction with their established retail operations, and for Christmas tree sales, or other sales on private property, connected with festivals or holidays.

2. The permit type specified in this table applies to any new or enlarged commercial use which totals 10,000 square feet or less of interior floor space. An administrative use permit is required for any new or enlarged commercial use which results in either the use of more than one structure on a building site or a total of more than 10,000 square feet of interior floor space. A use permit is required where any new or enlarged commercial use exceeds 25,000 square feet in interior floor space.

3. A use permit is required for any new building or addition which adds more than 25,000 square feet of interior floor space or which results in a building having more than 40 feet in height.

4. Such uses may be granted subject to a use permit, when conducted within a building or enclosed by a fence, subject to architectural approval by the appropriate review authority for design and landscaping pursuant to Chapter 23.70 PGMC; and provided, that said fence and landscaping shall be of sufficient height and screening capacity to prevent the view thereof from any adjacent street or sidewalk.

5. Community gardens on vacant lots may be permitted by administrative use permit, pursuant to PGMC 23.70.030(b)(7), and shall be reviewable every six months and subject to such conditions as the administrative use permit may prescribe. The application shall be accompanied by a written agreement by the owner to grant the city a lien for any cost incurred by the city in restoring such property to its condition prior to such use, in the event the owner fails to make such restoration after such use ceases.

6. Condominium use shall be allowed, subject to first securing a use permit in each case, and subject to the building height, site coverage, and yard requirements of this chapter. The provisions of Chapter 23.45 PGMC shall not apply to development of condominiums in the C-1-T district. The council shall, by ordinance, establish standards, conditions and other regulations to govern the development of condominiums in the C-1-T district. Until and unless such standards, conditions and other regulations are in place, no application for such development shall be accepted or processed. Such standards, conditions and regulations established by the council shall be in addition to and harmonious with state law governing condominium development. See also PGMC 23.31.020(b)(1)(B).

7. Adult-oriented sales may comprise no more than 25 percent of floor area or stock-in-trade of a general retail business, must be located in the rear of the general retail business, and must not be visible from the exterior of the general retail business.

8. Hotel uses shall be allowed, subject to first securing a use permit in each case, and subject to the building height, site coverage, and yard requirements of this chapter. All other regulations and conditions of approval shall be as provided by use permit approved pursuant to this title. Said regulations and conditions shall include, without limitation, provisions for architectural review, land area per unit, neighborhood compatibility, landscaping, parking, traffic and accessory buildings. Required parking, if any, may be located on or off site, the location to be designated by the use permit. See also PGMC 23.31.020(b)(1)(A).

9. Outside the coastal zone only. In addition to the requirements of PGMC 23.31.040, emergency shelters shall be subject to the following standards:

a. Maximum of 25 beds.

b. Off-street parking shall be provided at a rate of one space per five beds plus one space per each staff person on duty.

c. On-site management shall be provided at all times the shelter is open. A management and security plan shall be prepared in consultation with the city manager or his or her designee which shall describe hours of operation; staffing; house rules and occupant screening procedures; on- or off-site services to be provided; security measures to ensure the safety of the occupants of the shelter and surrounding areas; and communications protocols to ensure effective coordination between shelter management, adjacent property owners and residents, and public safety personnel.

d. No emergency shelter shall be established closer than 300 feet from another emergency shelter, measured from the nearest property line.

e. Waiting and intake areas shall be screened from view from the public right-of-way.

10. Permitted subject to the same standards as apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zone.

**When not associated with a veterinary clinic.

[Ord. 16-005 § 6, 2016; Ord. 15-013 § 4, 2015; Ord. 13-003 § 2, 2013].

23.31.040 Commercial and industrial zoning districts development standards.

Table 23.31.040 Commercial and Industrial Zoning Districts Development Standards 

 

C-1/C-1-T

C-D

C-FH1

C-2

C-V

I

Building Placement Requirements

Setbacks2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Front, min. (max.)

0'

0'

0'

(20')

0'

0'

0'

Side (min.), except:

0'

0'

0'

0'

0'

0'

Adjacent to residential zone

5'

5'

5'

5'

10'

10'

Rear (min.), except:

0'

0'

10'

0'

0'

0'

Adjacent to residential zone

5'

5'

10'

5'

10'

10'

Building Form Requirements

Building height (max.)3

40' with max. site coverage of 75%; 30' with max. site coverage of 90%

40'

35'

40'

40' with max. site coverage of 75%; 30' with max. site coverage of 90%

40'

Site coverage (max.)4

75 – 90%, depending on building height

100%

75%

90%

75 – 90%, depending on building height

90%

Density Requirements

Number of dwellings per parcel

Max. allowed by the general plan residential land use category nearest to the site, up to 30 units per net acre.5, 6

N/A

Max. allowed by the GP residential land use category nearest to the site, up to 30 units per net acre.6

Floor area ratio

Max. allowed by the general plan

Lot Requirements

Lot area for new parcels (min.)7

2,000 sf

Other Requirements

Landscaping

See PGMC 23.64.195

Parking

See PGMC 23.64.190

Signs

See Chapter 20.04 PGMC

End Notes:

1. Refer to the Forest Hill specific plan for additional development regulations and guidelines including site planning, circulation and parking, resource protection, signs, lighting, and landscaping.

2. For mixed-use residential/commercial development where 50 percent or less of the street-level frontage is devoted to commercial usage, the setback standards in PGMC 23.24.060 shall apply.

3. For mixed-use residential/commercial development where 50 percent or less of the street-level frontage is devoted to commercial usage, the building height standards in PGMC 23.24.030 shall apply. Within the C-2 and I districts, a use permit is required in order to exceed the 40-foot building height limit.

4. For mixed-use residential/commercial development where 50 percent or less of the street-level frontage is devoted to commercial usage, the building coverage and site coverage standards in PGMC 23.24.050 and 23.24.051, respectively, shall apply.

5. Twenty-five units maximum in the C-1-T district. See also PGMC 23.31.020(b)(3).

6. Except as provided in End Note #5 above, higher residential densities are allowed if a finding can be made that the project furthers the goals of the general plan.

7. For mixed-use residential/commercial development where 50 percent or less of the street-level frontage is devoted to commercial usage, the building site area standards in PGMC 23.24.040 shall apply.

[Ord. 17-009 § 3, 2017; Ord. 13-003 § 2, 2013].