Division 3
AGRICULTURAL ZONES

Chapter 17.30
LIGHT AGRICULTURE (ZONE A-1)

17.30.010 Intent and Purpose

The Light Agriculture (A-1) Zone is intended to ensure that the rural character of portions of the planning area is maintained. Typical uses in this zone include truck farming, field and tree crops, and low density residential uses. Residential development permitted in this zone consists of large lot single family homes which may involve limited agriculture, including equestrian and other animal uses.

17.30.020 Locational Criteria

The A-1 zone designation is appropriate for areas having a predominant lot size of approximately one or more acres and where rural residential and limited agricultural uses are existing or desired. This designation would be consistent with the ER (Equestrian Residential) and the LDR (Low Density Residential) General Plan land use designations.

17.30.030 Uses Permitted Without Planning Approval

The following uses are allowed in the A-1 Zone without zoning clearance or other planning approval, except as required by State law.

A.    Field, tree, bush, berry and row crops, including nursery stock, provided that no sludge and/or biosolid material shall be applied to any land as a soil amendment. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-1, adopted by City Council August 13, 1997.)

B.    Riding, hiking and bicycle trails and appurtenant facilities.

C.    Keeping of permitted animals as an accessory use on the same lot or on lots or parcels of land adjoining a lot containing a primary residential use under the same ownership, provided that the ratio of such animals to the total land area of all such parcels does not exceed the ratios specified for animals as an accessory use as specified within PMC 17.89.030; that any animal enclosures meet the required setbacks as specified within PMC 17.89.030; and that all such animals are predominantly kept or maintained for the private use of members of the family residing in the primary residence. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 17-002, adopted by City Council February 6, 2018.)

D.    Storage, temporary, of materials and equipment used in construction of public or private improvements, provided that all such items are stored on the construction site and pose no traffic hazard or other adverse impact on surrounding properties.

E.    Temporary and permanent facilities for detention, retention and conveyance of stormwater runoff.

F.    Small-scale solar energy systems as an accessory use on a parcel containing a permitted principal use. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-03, adopted by City Council December 7, 2011.)

17.30.040 Uses Permitted Subject to Administrative Approval by the Planning Director

The following uses are permitted in the A-1 zone, subject to the applicable provisions of the Zoning Ordinance.

A.    Additional permitted animals in excess of the allowed number, pursuant to PMC 17.26.080 and 17.89.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 17-002, adopted by City Council February 6, 2018.)

B.    Day care facility, large family, pursuant to PMC 17.26.090.

C.    Exotic animals, pursuant to PMC 17.26.070 and 17.89.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 17-002, adopted by City Council February 6, 2018.)

D.    Home occupation permits, pursuant to PMC 17.26.060.

E.    In-tract model homes, pursuant to PMC 17.27.030(B)(5).

F.    Special events pursuant to PMC 17.27.030(A).

G.    Minor communication facility pursuant to PMC 17.95.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-3, adopted by City Council September 10, 1997.)

H.    Single family dwellings on lots of a minimum of one (1) net acre in area, except that single family dwellings may be permitted on existing lots of record provided that all minimum residential standards as contained in PMC 17.41.090 are provided. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-05, adopted by City Council September 5, 2012.)

I.    Temporary office modules on active construction sites, pursuant to PMC 17.27.030(B)(4).

J.    Trailer coaches, motorhomes or manufactured homes on active construction sites, pursuant to PMC 17.27.030(B)(3).

K.    Accessory dwelling units on individual parcels containing one (1) single-family dwelling unit; provided, that each unit adheres to the minimum residential standards contained in PMC 17.41.090(G) and 17.91.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 09-04, adopted by City Council November 4, 2009. Zoning Ordinance Amendment 17-003, adopted by City Council August 1, 2017.)

L.    Residential sports courts, pursuant to PMC 17.91.090. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 12-002, adopted by City Council December 5, 2012.)

M.    Cottage food operations, pursuant to PMC 17.91.020. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 13-002, adopted by City Council May 1, 2013)

N.    Small residential wind generator systems (SRWGS), pursuant to PMC 17.99.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 13-001, adopted by City Council December 4, 2013.)

17.30.050 Uses Permitted Subject to Site Plan Review Approval

The following uses shall require approval, pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 17.21 PMC, Site Plan Review.

A.    Agricultural workers’ living quarters for persons employed and deriving the major portion of their income from employment on the premises. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-05, adopted by City Council September 5, 2012.)

B.    Parks and playgrounds (excluding lighted playfields).

17.30.060 Uses Permitted Subject to Approval of a Conditional Use Permit

Premises in Zone A-1 may be used for the following purposes, provided that a permit has first been obtained, pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 17.22 PMC, Conditional Use Permits.

A.    Camps, youth.

B.    Cemeteries, excluding mortuaries.

C.    Clubs (fraternal) and lodges. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 03-06, adopted by City Council June 25, 2003.)

D.    Convents, monasteries and retreat centers.

E.    Country clubs.

F.    Day care facilities, commercial, including pre-schools and nursery schools.

G.    Electric distribution substations, electric transmission substations and electric generating facilities pursuant to PMC 17.95.010.

H.    Guest ranches.

I.    Golf courses and driving ranges pursuant to PMC 17.94.020.

J.    Kennels, catteries or other commercial boarding facility for small animals pursuant to PMC 17.92.030.

K.    Museums, cultural heritage areas, nature exhibits with trails and similar uses. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 03-06, adopted by City Council June 25, 2003.)

L.    Playgrounds and playfields, lighted.

M.    Religious assembly uses pursuant to PMC 17.94.010. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 03-06, adopted by City Council June 25, 2003.)

N.    Riding academies and commercial stables.

O.    Road construction and maintenance yards

P.    Schools from kindergarten through grade twelve (12), excluding trade or commercial schools. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 03-06, adopted by City Council June 25, 2003.)

Q.    Solid fill projects.

R.    Transit related facilities, including train boarding areas (such as for Metrolink) and park and ride lots.

S.    Utility facilities, building and equipment, including but not limited to water, natural gas, and sewage facilities, but excluding sewage pump stations or treatment plants and major communication facility pursuant to PMC 17.95.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-3, adopted by City Council September 10, 1997.)

T.    Veterinary clinics, in accordance with PMC 17.92.040.

17.30.070 Accessory Uses and Structures Permitted

The following accessory uses are permitted in the A-1 zone, provided that such uses are established on the same lot or parcel of land as the permitted principal use, and that such accessory uses are incidental to and do not substantially alter the character of the principal use.

A.    Animal keeping, subject to the provisions specified within PMC 17.89.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 17-002, adopted by City Council February 6, 2018.)

1.    Educational agricultural projects, provided that such project is under the direction of an active member of a bona fide organization and that the premises are maintained in a sanitary condition and do not pose any nuisance to adjacent properties.

B.    Accessory dwelling units

1.    Guest house in accordance with PMC 17.91.010 and accessory dwelling unit in accordance with PMC 17.91.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 09-04, adopted by City Council November 4, 2009. Zoning Ordinance Amendment 17-003, adopted by City Council August 1, 2017.)

2.    Caretaker’s residence, where the legally established use requires the continuous supervision of a caretaker or superintendent, if occupied only by such persons and their families, pursuant to the standards contained in PMC 17.91.100. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

C.    Incidental uses

1.    Day care facility, small family, in accordance with applicable state and county requirements.

2.    Residential care facility, in accordance with applicable state and county requirements.

3.    Garage sales conducted in accordance with PMC 17.91.080.

4.    Seasonal display and sale of agricultural products lawfully produced on the property, subject to the following conditions:

a.    Not more than one (1) stand is permitted on any lot or parcel of land; and

b.    Floor area of the stand shall not exceed three hundred (300) square feet.

D.    Accessory structures

The following accessory structures are permitted in the A-1 zone, provided that requirements for building setbacks, height and other development standards are adhered to pursuant to PMC 17.30.090.

1.    Private garages and carports.

2.    Separate structure containing children’s play space, office space or other use, provided that there is no kitchen, that such space is not intended or utilized for a separate living facility, and that the building is architecturally compatible with the primary residence.

3.    Covered or uncovered decks and patios; gazebos.

4.    Tool houses, greenhouses, tack rooms, and feed storage facilities.

5.    Water wells, water reservoirs and storage tanks.

6.    Buildings and structures for the housing, nurture, confinement or storage of animals lawfully permitted on the premises.

7.    Accessory signs, as permitted in Chapter 17.88 PMC.

8.    Satellite dishes and Amateur Radio Antenna, in accordance with PMC 17.95.020 and 17.95.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-02, adopted by City Council September 9, 2011)

9.    Small Residential Wind Generator Systems (SRWGS) such as; Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Systems Windmills (VAWTS), small conventional blade generators, windmills and wind generators, pursuant to PMC 17.99.030. (Zoning Ordinance 13-001, adopted by City Council December 4, 2013.)

10.    Recreational amenities, including pool, spa, jacuzzi, and appurtenant equipment. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

17.30.080 Similar Uses Permitted by Planning Director Determination

The Planning Director may determine that an unlisted use is similar to and not more objectionable to the general welfare than those uses specifically listed in the A-1 Zone, pursuant to PMC 17.24.120.

17.30.090 Standards of Development

Premises in Zone A-1 shall be subject to the development standards prescribed in this Section and those standards contained in Division 8, General Standards of Development.

A.    Lot area

Each lot or parcel of land created in the A-1 Zone shall have a minimum lot area of not less than one (1) acre net, or the number following the zoning symbol (if any), whichever is greater.

B.    Lot width and depth

Each lot or parcel of land created in the A-1 zone shall have a minimum lot width of one hundred fifty (150) feet. The lot depth to width ratio shall not exceed 4:1.

C.    Yards

1.    Front yard

Each lot or parcel of land in Zone A-1 shall have a front yard of not less than thirty-five (35) feet in depth.

2.    Side yards

Each lot or parcel of land in Zone A-1 shall have a side yard of not less than ten (10) feet in width, except on the street side of corner or reversed corner lots, which shall have a side yard of not less than twenty (20) feet in width.

3.    Rear yard

Each lot or parcel of land in Zone A-1 shall maintain a minimum rear yard of not less than thirty (30) percent of the lot depth or thirty-five (35) feet, whichever is greater, except that attached and detached patio covers and decks may encroach into the rear yard setback a maximum of ten (10) feet.

D.    Building height and setbacks

1.    Building height

The maximum height of a primary structure, as measured in accordance with PMC 17.16.020, shall not exceed two (2) stories or thirty-five (35) feet. The maximum height of accessory structures shall not exceed two (2) stories or fifty (50) feet.

2.    Setbacks for accessory structures

Setbacks for accessory structures shall be provided pursuant to PMC 17.82.020, PMC 17.89.030, and the following: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 17-002, adopted by City Council February 6, 2018.)

a.    Toolhouses and greenhouses.

b.    Accessory signs shall be located according to the standards established in Chapter 17.88 PMC.

c.    All other accessory structure permitted in the A-1 zone shall not be located in a required front yard and shall be located no closer than five (5) feet from any side or rear property line.

E.    Off-street parking

Each lot or parcel of land in Zone A-1 shall have off-street parking facilities as prescribed in Chapter 17.87 PMC, Off-Street Parking and Loading.

F.    Minimum construction standards for single family homes

All single family homes constructed in the A-1 zone shall comply with the minimum residential construction standards contained in PMC 17.41.090(G).

G.    Rural development standards

The following standards may be utilized in the A-1 zone to create and maintain a rural lifestyle, where applicable.

1.    Interior local streets within the A-1 zone shall utilize rural street standards, except as otherwise approved by the City Engineer. Such street sections may include, but are not limited to reduced pavement width, rolled curbs, graded shoulders, multi-use recreational trails in lieu of sidewalks, or sidewalks on one side of the street only. The location and type of rural street improvement is subject to the approval of the Los Angeles County Fire Department and the City.

2.    Modified street lighting standards shall be utilized to reduce ambient night light levels in rural areas, provided that adequate lighting is provided to maintain safety at intersections and crosswalks, as approved by the City and Los Angeles County. This provision may be modified as approved by the City Engineer.