Chapter 17.55
SERVICE COMMERCIAL ZONE (C-5)

17.55.010 Intent and Purpose

The Service Commercial (C-5) Zone is established to create, preserve and enhance areas for businesses which serve a regional market with a wide variety of wholesale, distribution and construction-related activities. Commercial retail and service uses which serve businesses or their employees within the C-5 zone and nearby commercial/industrial areas are also permitted in this zone. Uses and operations in the C-5 zone shall be conducted so as to have no detrimental effect on adjacent properties or on the community environment.

17.55.020 Locational Criteria

The C-5 zone designation is appropriately located based upon the following criteria.

A.    The area is or will be occupied by businesses which provide goods and services to a local or regional market area, and which may utilize processes, materials or operations which are not compatible with other commercial zones due to the intensity of use permitted.

B.    The area is located in proximity to industrial or business districts which are served by the commodities and services offered in this zone.

C.    The area has access by arterial streets and is or will be served by adequate infrastructure to support the intensity of development.

D.    The area may provide a transition between intensive commercial uses and heavier industrial zones.

E.    The area is free of environmental constraints and has physical conditions which can sustain commercial and light industrial development, including all required parking, circulation and landscaping.

F.    The location shall be consistent with the General Plan land use designation of CM (Commercial Manufacturing), and all applicable policies.

17.55.030 Uses Permitted Without Planning Approval

The following uses are allowed in the C-5 zone without zoning clearance or other planning approval, except as required by State law.

A.    Field, tree, bush, berry and row crops, including nursery stock, as an interim use, provided that no permanent structures are constructed, and provided that no sludge and/or biosolid material shall be applied to any land as a soil amendment. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-1, adopted by City Council August 13, 1997.)

B.    Riding, hiking and bicycle trails and appurtenant facilities.

C.    Storage, temporary, of materials and equipment used in construction of public or private improvements, provided that all such items are stored on the construction site and pose no traffic hazard or other adverse impact on surrounding properties.

D.    Temporary and permanent facilities for detention, retention and conveyance of stormwater runoff.

E.    Small-scale solar energy systems as an accessory use on a lot containing a permitted principal use. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-03, adopted by City Council December 7, 2011.)

17.55.040 Uses Permitted Subject to Administrative Approval by the Planning Director

The following uses are permitted in the C-5 Zone, subject to the provisions of the Zoning Ordinance as specified in this Section.

A.    Temporary living quarters, in accordance with PMC 17.27.030(B)(3).

B.    Temporary office modules, in accordance with PMC 17.27.030(B)(4).

C.    Special events, in accordance with PMC 17.27.030(A).

D.    Stockpiling, in accordance with PMC 17.27.030(B)(6).

E.    Minor communication facility pursuant to PMC 17.95.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-3, adopted by City Council September 10, 1997.)

17.55.050 Uses Permitted Subject to Site Plan Review Approval

The following uses are permitted in the C-5 zone subject to Site Plan Review approval, except that when such a use is proposed to be established in an existing building and does not constitute a change from the previous use of said building, the requirement for Site Plan Review may be waived by the Planning Director through issuance of a Zoning Clearance, pursuant to PMC 17.26.030.

A.    Wholesale trade

Warehouse, display and office space for the storage, distribution and display of commodities for sale to the tradesperson, community or regional retailers, manufacturers, institutional or professional users, including:

1.    Apparel, clothing, footwear and accessories.

2.    Appliances; electrical and household.

3.    Art goods and artist supplies.

4.    Audio and visual tapes and disks.

5.    Bicycles and parts.

6.    Books, newspapers and periodicals.

7.    Building materials, equipment and supplies, including lumber, wiring, plumbing, insulation, masonry block, heating and air conditioning, electrical, glazing, roofing, and other similar products.

8.    Computers and accessories.

9.    Confectionery.

10.    Decorating materials and supplies, including drapery, wall coverings, ceramic tile, fixtures, mirrors, lighting and similar items.

11.    Dishes, cookware and kitchen articles.

12.    Drugs and pharmaceuticals.

13.    Dry goods, general merchandise and notions.

14.    Electrical and electronic components and accessories.

15.    Equipment and supplies for service establishments, including restaurants and health and beauty salons.

16.    Farmer’s markets, as defined in PMC 17.16.060(F). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

17.    Flowers and floricultural specialties.

18.    Fruits, vegetables and produce.

19.    Furniture and home furnishings.

20.    Gifts, novelties, baskets and curios.

21.    Glassware and containers.

22.    Groceries and related products, including produce, frozen foods, dairy and meat products.

23.    Hardware.

24.    Hosiery and lingerie.

25.    Ice.

26.    Jewelry, precious stones and metals and related materials.

27.    Medical, dental, ophthalmic and hospital supplies and equipment.

28.    Motor vehicle supplies and parts (new only).

29.    Musical instruments, parts and supplies.

30.    Nonalcoholic beverages.

31.    Office supplies, furniture and fixtures.

32.    Optical goods and lenses.

33.    Paints, varnishes and supplies.

34.    Paper, paper products, paperboard containers and stationery.

35.    Photographic equipment and supplies.

36.    Radio, television and stereophonic equipment.

37.    Scientific, engineering and drafting equipment and supplies.

38.    Service establishment equipment and supplies.

39.    Sporting, athletic and recreational equipment.

40.    Thrift stores. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 10-01, adopted by City Council August 4, 2010.)

41.    Toys and hobby goods and supplies.

42.    Watches, clocks and supplies.

B.    Retail trade

Retail sale of items primarily used by businesses, including agriculture, commerce, construction, transportation and research uses, or serving the specialized needs of individuals involved in these uses and related trades. The sale of items where the intensity of use or operation is greater than that allowed in other commercial zones, and which may be incompatible with those zones, is also allowed. In addition, retail sale of convenience goods to serve the short-term needs of employees in adjacent areas is permitted. However, retail sale of goods primarily serving the general public, which will result in attraction of large volumes of customers into industrial and manufacturing areas, is not consistent with the intent of the C-5 zone. Retail sale may include the following:

1.    Agricultural supplies and equipment.

2.    Appliances, household.

3.    Antiques.

4.    Art, drafting and graphics supplies.

5.    Automotive parts and supplies.

6.    Building materials and supplies.

7.    Contractors equipment and supplies.

8.    Decorators showrooms and supplies, including sale of paint and varnish, wallcoverings, floor coverings, window coverings, and tile.

9.    Feed, grain and hay.

10.    Firearms and related accessories, sales and service. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-2 adopted by City Council October 11, 1995.)

11.    Hardware.

12.    Ice.

13.    Lumber yards, including cutting lumber to size but excluding any other milling operation.

14.    Machinery, equipment and supplies.

15.    Mail order businesses, including warehousing.

16.    Newsstands, newspaper and magazine sales.

17.    Nurseries, including the growing of nursery stock.

18.    Office furniture and equipment.

19.    Photographic equipment and supplies.

20.    Plumbing supplies.

21.    Stationery and office supplies.

22.    Stoves and fireplaces.

23.    Surveying equipment and supplies.

24.    Swimming pools and spas.

25.    Technical publications and supplies.

26.    Tools.

27.    Trailers.

28.    Trucks.

C.    Services

Services provided primarily to businesses or serving the specialized needs of individuals involved in business or industry. Services having an intensity of use not allowed in other commercial zones may also be permitted, as are personal services to meet the immediate needs of employees in the area.

1.    Construction and contracting services, including businesses supportive to contractors:

a.    Construction equipment rental.

b.    Contractor’s offices, shops and yards; general and special trades contractors.

c.    Machinery storage.

2.    Automobile, truck and trailer services, including:

a.    Automobile and truck repair, light.

b.    Automobile and truck repair, general.

c.    Automobile rental.

d.    Automobile sales, used.

e.    Automobile service station, pursuant to PMC 17.92.110.

f.    Bus and truck washing. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-01, adopted by City Council November 8, 2000.)

g.    Car washes, automated. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-01, adopted by City Council November 8, 2000.)

h.    Car washes, full service. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-01, adopted by City Council November 8, 2000.)

i.    Car washes, self service. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-01, adopted by City Council November 8, 2000.)

j.    Gas station.

k.    Parking lots and structures, commercial off-site, pursuant to PMC 17.87.050.

l.    Recreational vehicle rental.

m.    Tire repair and retreading.

n.    Towing service and storage.

o.    Trailer rental.

p.    Truck rental.

q.    Washing, automobile and truck.

3.    Transportation, freight and storage services, including:

a.    Boarding areas for public transportation (not including permanent stations).

b.    Railroad spur lines.

c.    Park and ride lots.

d.    Personal storage facilities (mini-warehouses), pursuant to PMC 17.93.030.

e.    Taxi terminal.

f.    Warehousing of materials or products for which a Conditional Use Permit is not required for the manufacture, storage, distribution or wholesale of that product in either the C-5, M-1, M-2, M-3 or M-4 Zones.

g.    Weight scales.

4.    Business, financial and industrial services, including:

a.    Agricultural equipment rental.

b.    Banks, savings and loans, and credit unions providing a full range of services and accredited by the appropriate agencies, provided that offices are of a size and scale consistent with the intent of the C-5 zone (drive-through facilities subject to PMC 17.92.010).

c.    Blueprinting.

d.    Brokers, wholesale.

e.    Collection agencies.

f.    Data processing.

g.    Design services.

h.    Direct mail and marketing.

i.    Equipment rental, business equipment and machines.

j.    Furniture rental, office.

k.    Laundries, industrial and wholesale.

l.    Linen and towel supply.

m.    Locksmith.

n.    Mailing services.

o.    Manufacturers agents.

p.    Message service.

q.    Notary public.

r.    Packaging and labeling services (bottles, cans, cartons, etc.)

s.    Parcel delivery, including terminal.

t.    Photocopying and duplicating.

u.    Photographic processing, developing and printing.

v.    Printing, engraving and typesetting.

w.    Protection and security services.

x.    Repossession service.

y.    Secretarial services.

z.    Security systems.

aa.    Sign painting and lettering.

bb.    Temporary employment services.

cc.    Telephone marketing service and solicitation.

dd.    Uniform rental.

ee.    Vending machine operators.

5.    Repair and maintenance services, including:

a.    Antiques, restoration of.

b.    Appliance repair, household.

c.    Furniture refinishing, repair and upholstery.

d.    Janitorial and cleaning services.

e.    Large equipment repair, mobile.

f.    Machinery service and repair.

g.    Refrigeration repair and service.

h.    Sharpening (lawn mowers, knives, scissors, etc.)

i.    Small appliance repair.

j.    Swimming pool cleaning and maintenance.

k.    Television, radio, stereo and video component repair.

l.    Water softener and bottled water service.

6.    Food services, including:

a.    Catering services.

b.    Coffee shops.

c.    Commissaries.

d.    Delicatessens and sandwich shops.

e.    Doughnut shops.

f.    Drive-through restaurants, pursuant to PMC 17.92.010.

g.    Ice cream and yogurt shops.

h.    Restaurants. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 15-01, adopted by City Council on September 2, 2015.)

i.    Walk up food services.

7.    Professional services, including:

a.    Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping services.

b.    Animal hospitals, small and large animal.

c.    Assaying.

d.    Computer facilities management.

e.    Engineering, architectural and urban planning services.

f.    Health services, industrial.

g.    Laboratories, medical and dental.

h.    Laboratories, research and testing.

i.    Real estate, insurance and finance services.

j.    Tax preparers.

k.    Urgent care facilities.

l.    Veterinarian, small animal pursuant to PMC 17.92.040.

8.    Personal services, including:

a.    Barber and beauty shops.

b.    Dry cleaners and launderers.

c.    Massage services and massage establishments, when conducted pursuant to PMC 5.04.560. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 96-3, adopted by City Council January 8, 1997.)

d.    Photographic studios and processing (still photography). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

e.    Shoe repair.

f.    Studios for performing arts and martial arts

9.    Entertainment services and activities:

a.    Adult-Oriented businesses, subject to the provisions of PMC 17.92.050 and applicable provisions of the Palmdale Municipal Code. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-4, adopted by City Council June 11, 1997. Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

b.    Batting cages (indoor). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

c.    Billiard and pool halls.

d.    Bingo.

e.    Radio and television broadcasting studios.

f.    Recording studios.

10.    Educational and organization services and facilities:

a.    Business or trade associations. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 03-06, adopted by City Council June 25, 2003.)

b.    Labor and service organizations.

c.    Professional membership organizations.

d.    Trade and vocational schools (including truck-driving schools).

e.    Traffic schools and drivers training.

11.    Miscellaneous services, including: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

a.    Paint booths.

D.    Public, quasi-public and institutional uses:

1.    Air pollution sampling stations.

2.    Animal shelters.

3.    Fire stations.

4.    Parking lots.

5.    Police and sheriff stations.

6.    Post office; branch or main distribution center.

7.    Public utilities storage and maintenance yards.

8.    Public works storage and maintenance yards.

9.    Utility facilities, excluding major communication facility. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-3, adopted by City Council September 10, 1997.)

E.    Manufacturing and fabrication of miscellaneous products

1.    Apparel (finishing work). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

2.    Artificial flowers, foliage and fruit.

3.    Electronic components.

4.    Furniture refinishing and upholstery.

5.    Machine shops.

6.    Monuments and markers, stone.

7.    Pre-recorded tapes and discs.

8.    Sheet metal shops.

9.    Silkscreening or embroidery of finished textiles.

17.55.060 Uses Permitted Subject to Approval of a Conditional Use Permit

Premises in Zone C-5 may be used for the following purposes, provided that a permit has first been obtained pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 17.22 PMC, Conditional Use Permits:

A.    Alcoholic beverages; wholesale and distribution of.

B.    Ambulance service.

C.    Auction sales, not to include animals, conducted within an enclosed building. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 10-01, adopted by City Council August 4, 2010.)

D.    Automobile and truck repair, heavy.

E.    Bars and cocktail lounges, pursuant to PMC 17.92.070.

F.    Bus terminals.

G.    Congregated meal facilities, pursuant to PMC 17.94.030. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

H.    Convenience stores, pursuant to PMC 17.92.090.

I.    Crematoriums.

J.    Disinfecting, exterminating and pest control services.

K.    Health clubs, fitness centers and gymnasiums.

L.    Heliports and helistops.

M.    Hotels and motels.

N.    Liquor stores, pursuant to PMC 17.92.070.

O.    Major communication facility pursuant to PMC 17.95.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-3, adopted by City Council September 10, 1997.)

P.    Outdoor offsite advertising, in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 17.88 PMC.

Q.    Pawn shops.

R.    Purchase and sale of secondhand tangible personal property, incidental to a primary use permitted within the C-5 zone, pursuant to PMC 17.92.150. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 10-01, adopted by City Council August 4, 2010.)

S.    Petroleum and petroleum products; wholesale sale and distribution.

T.    Radio and television towers pursuant to PMC 17.95.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-3, adopted by City Council September 10, 1997.)

U.    Recycling centers: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

1.    Large collection facilities, pursuant to PMC 17.97.060.

2.    Light processing facilities, pursuant to PMC 17.97.070.

3.    Heavy processing facilities, pursuant to PMC 17.97.080.

V.    Restaurants bona fide pursuant to PMC 17.92.070. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 15-01, adopted by City Council September 2, 2015.)

W.    Secondhand stores, pursuant to PMC 17.92.150. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 10-01, adopted by City Council August 4, 2010.)

X.    Truck terminal.

Y.    Rug cleaning plants.

Z.    Stations for boarding and unboarding of passengers from public transportation modes, including bus and rail; not including stops having no permanent buildings, such as for Metrolink.

AA.    Swap meets, flea markets or similar uses, indoor or outdoor (outdoor uses are subject to the standards set forth in PMC 17.92.080). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

BB.    Taxidermy.

CC.    Truck stops, including eating and sleeping facilities.

DD.    Truss yards.

EE.    X-ray laboratories.

17.55.070 Accessory Uses and Structures Permitted

The following accessory uses and structures are permitted in the C-5 zone, provided that such uses are established on the same lot or parcel of land as the permitted principal use, and that such accessory uses are incidental to and do not substantially alter the character of the principal use.

A.    Amusement machines

Not more than four (4) amusement machines may be permitted as an accessory use within a primary use in the C-5 zone, except that no amusement machines may be permitted within a convenience store.

B.    Areas designated and designed for the temporary storage of trash and recyclable materials, including the following:

1.    Recycling containers, pursuant to PMC 17.85.030.

2.    Small collection facilities, pursuant to PMC 17.97.050.

3.    Trash compactors, pursuant to PMC 17.85.020.

4.    Reverse vending machines, pursuant to PMC 17.97.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

C.    Caretaker’s residence, where legally established use requires the continuous supervision of a caretaker or superintendent, if occupied only by such persons and their families, pursuant to the standards contained in PMC 17.91.100. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

D.    Information kiosks, pursuant to PMC 17.88.050(F).

E.    Newspaper dispensing devices, pursuant to PMC 12.08.030.

F.    Services provided to meet the needs of employees on site, including employee cafeterias, day care centers, health clubs, exercise tracks, gymnasiums or work out rooms, showers and similar uses. For purposes of calculating permitted floor area ratio, these uses may be exempted from the calculation.

G.    Signs, as permitted by Chapter 17.88 PMC.

H.    Wire services for money transfer and Automated Teller Machines (ATM’s).

I.    Massage, when permitted with the primary business of a health club, fitness center and gymnasium, a hotel with over one hundred (100) rooms, a barber or beauty shop, pursuant to PMC 5.04.560 and 17.92.140. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 96-3, adopted by City Council January 8, 1997.)

J.    Corporate Massage, when permitted with a primary commercial or industrial business, pursuant to PMC 5.04.560 and 17.92.140. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 96-3, adopted by City Council January 8, 1997.)

K.    Commercial vehicle parking, pursuant to PMC 17.93.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 99-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

L.    Car washes, automated as an accessory use to a gas station, automobile service station, or other automotive related use. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-01, adopted by City Council November 8, 2000.)

M.    Co-located Small Wind Energy Systems pursuant to PMC 17.99.010. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 09-02, adopted by City Council November 4, 2009.)

17.55.080 Similar Uses Permitted by Planning Director Determination

The Planning Director may determine that an unlisted use is similar to and not more objectionable to the general welfare than those uses specifically listed in the C-5 zone, pursuant to PMC 17.24.120.

17.55.090 Standards of Development

Premises in Zone C-5 shall be subject to the development standards prescribed in this Section and those standards contained in Division 8, General Standards of Development.

A.    Lot area

Each lot or parcel of land created in Zone C-5 shall have a minimum lot area of not less than ten thousand (10,000) square feet net, or the number following the zoning symbol (if any), whichever is greater.

B.    Lot width

None required except as otherwise provided in Chapter 17.81 PMC, Lot Width.

C.    Building setbacks

Except as otherwise required in Chapter 17.83 PMC, building setbacks in Zone C-5 shall be as follows:

1.    Setbacks along public and private streets for commercial buildings (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

All commercial, public/institutional, and office buildings shall maintain a minimum building setback measured from the public right-of-way (or the edge of the curb for private streets) to the nearest edge of the building as follows except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance or in an adopted comprehensive development plan:

a.    Arterials: A minimum building setback of thirty (30) feet, including a minimum of twenty feet (20') of landscaping along all designated arterials. Arterials are defined by the General Plan Circulation Element and indicated on the City’s Circulation Plan Map.

b.    Local and collector streets: A minimum building setback of twenty (20) feet, including a minimum of ten (10) feet of landscaping shall be provided along local and collector streets, both public and private. Except where a commercial use is separated from a residential use or district by a local or collector street, then the minimum building setback from such street shall be twenty (20') feet and shall include a minimum landscape setback of fifteen (15') feet.

c.    Freeway: Within commercial zones, a minimum building setback of twenty (20) feet, which shall be landscaped, shall be provided along a freeway frontage.

2.    Interior side yards (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

Each lot or parcel of land in Zone C-5 shall provide a minimum twenty (20) foot wide building setback with a minimum ten (10) foot wide landscape strip along side property lines which are contiguous to property designated or used for agricultural, institutional, single-family or multi-family residential uses, pursuant to PMC 17.83.030.

3.    Interior rear yard (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

Each lot or parcel of land in Zone C-5 shall provide a minimum twenty (20) foot wide building setback with a minimum ten (10) foot wide landscape strip along rear property lines which are contiguous to property designated or used for agricultural, institutional, single-family or multi-family residential uses, pursuant to PMC 17.83.030.

4.    Setbacks for accessory structures

a.    Setbacks for accessory structures shall be provided pursuant to PMC 17.82.020.

D.    Building height and coverage

1.    Building height

a.    The maximum height of a primary structure, as measured in accordance with PMC 17.16.020, shall not exceed three (3) stories or forty-five (45) feet. The maximum height of accessory structures shall not exceed one story or seventeen (17) feet.

2.    Maximum lot coverage

a.    No lot or parcel of land in Zone C-5 shall have a lot coverage by buildings or structures in excess of fifty (50) percent of the lot area.

3.    Maximum floor area ratio

a.    The ratio of total floor area to total lot area shall not exceed .5 (fifty percent).

E.    Off-street parking and loading

Each lot or parcel of land in Zone C-5 shall have off-street parking and loading facilities as prescribed in Chapter 17.87 PMC, Off-Street Parking and Loading.

F.    Signs

Signs shall comply with the provisions of Chapter 17.88 PMC.

G.    Trash enclosures

An adequate number of trash enclosures shall be provided on site to meet the needs of each development, in accordance with PMC 17.85.010.

H.    Special development standards

1.    Each use in this zone shall be established and operated in accordance with Chapter 17.84 PMC, Performance Standards.

2.    All outdoor display and/or storage in Zone C-5 shall be located wholly within an enclosed area or shall be screened from public rights-of-way, unless otherwise permitted pursuant to an approved development plan. Where permitted, such outdoor areas shall be paved, landscaped and lighted in accordance with the applicable sections of this Ordinance.

3.    All vehicle repair work shall be conducted within an enclosed building only.

4.    Fences and walls shall be in conformance with the standards prescribed in PMC 17.83.030 and 17.86.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

5.    Landscaping and screening shall be in conformance with the standards prescribed in Chapter 17.86 PMC.