Chapter 17.82
YARDS AND LOCATION OF BUILDINGS

17.82.010 Required Yards

Each lot or parcel of land shall have minimum front, side, and rear yard setbacks as required for the zone in which the property is located (Divisions 4, 5, 6, and 7), for the specific use when applicable (Division 9), or by this Chapter, whichever requirement is the greatest, except as modified by an adopted Specific Plan, Planned Development or the R-4 zone. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-05, adopted by City Council September 5, 2012.)

A.    Setbacks along public and private streets for commercial, industrial, and multi-family residential buildings

All commercial, public/institutional, office, and multi-family residential buildings (except Medium-High Density Residential and High Density Residential development) shall maintain a minimum building setback measured from the public right-of-way (or the edge of the curb for private streets) to the nearest edge of the building as follows except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance or in an adopted comprehensive development plan: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997; Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-05, adopted by City Council September 5, 2012.)

1.    Arterials: A minimum building setback of thirty (30) feet, including a minimum of twenty feet (20') of landscaping along all designated arterials. Arterials are defined by the General Plan Circulation Element and indicated on the City’s Circulation Plan Map. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

2.    Local and collector streets: Except as otherwise required in PMC 17.83.030(A)(1), a minimum building setback of twenty (20) feet, including a minimum of ten (10) feet of landscaping shall be provided along local and collector streets, both public and private. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

3.    Freeway: Within commercial or industrial zones, a minimum building setback of twenty (20) feet, which shall be landscaped, shall be provided along freeway frontage. Within residential zones, a building setback of fifty (50) feet shall be provided for principal residential buildings, including a minimum of twenty (20) feet of landscaping, along freeway frontage. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

B.    Commercial and industrial buildings contiguous to residential use or designation, and multi-family residential buildings (except Medium-High Density Residential and High Density Residential buildings) contiguous to single-family residential use or designation. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997; Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999 and Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-05, adopted by City Council September 5, 2012.)

C.    Setbacks for commercial buildings contiguous to a residential use or designation, and setbacks for multi-family residential buildings (except Medium-High Density Residential and High Density Residential buildings) contiguous to property designated or used for single-family residential use shall be provided according to Chapter 17.83 PMC. Setbacks for industrial buildings contiguous to property zoned or used for residential, commercial, office, or public/institutional uses shall be as established by the applicable zone district. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999 and Zoning Ordinance Amendment 11-05, adopted by City Council September 5, 2012.)

17.82.020 Location of Accessory Buildings and Structures in Yards

No accessory building or structure shall be located within a required front or side yard or front or side building setback except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance.

A.    Garages and carports

Single story detached and attached garages and carports shall be located as follows:

1.    Front yard setback: A garage or carport shall be set back from the public right-of-way a minimum of twenty (20) feet, in order to permit parking of a full car length without overhang onto the sidewalk. Except side-on garages may be located a minimum of fifteen (15) feet from the public right-of-way provided that driveway parking shall accommodate a full car length of twenty (20) feet measured from the edge of the public right-of-way. In hillside areas, the maximum driveway slope shall be fifteen (15) percent, with at least eighteen (18) feet in front of the garage at a slope not exceeding five (5) percent. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

2.    Side yard setback: A garage or carport shall not encroach upon any required side yards; where access is provided to the garage from a side street, the provisions of subsection (A)(1) of this Section shall apply.

3.    Rear yard setback: An attached garage or carport shall not encroach upon any required rear yard. Detached garages and carports may be located within the rear yard, provided that no portion of the structure (including eaves) is located within ten (10) feet of the rear property line, and the useable rear yard area is not less than five hundred (500) square feet pursuant to PMC 17.41.090(D)(3). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

4.    Setback from the alley: Notwithstanding the provisions of this subsection, no detached garage or carport facing an existing or proposed alley shall be located less than fifteen (15) feet from the center line of said alley.

B.    Accessory dwelling units

A guest house, a temporary dependent housing unit, or a second dwelling unit shall not be located closer (including eves) than ten (10) feet from the rear property line and the useable rear yard shall not be less than one thousand (1,000) square feet pursuant to PMC 17.41.090(D)(3). The front and side yard shall be the same as required for the main structure.

C.    Other accessory buildings and structures

Accessory buildings or structures, other than garages or carports shall be located as follows:

1.    Storage sheds, children’s playhouses, and other similar non-habitable accessory structures as defined in PMC 17.16.190 that are ten (10) feet in height or under shall not be located closer (including eaves) than five (5) feet to the side or rear property line, and the useable rear yard shall not be less than one thousand (1,000) square feet pursuant to PMC 17.41.090(D)(3). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

2.    Storage sheds, children’s playhouses, and other similar nonhabitable structures that are over ten (10) feet in height, attached patio covers, gazebos, and other similar structures shall not be located closer than ten (10) feet from the rear property line. The front and the side yard shall be the same as required for the main structure.

3.    Fences and walls may be located as provided in PMC 17.86.040. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

4.    Signs may be located as provided in Chapter 17.88 PMC, Signs.

5.    In-ground swimming pools or spas shall not be located closer than five (5) feet from the side or rear property line. Pool equipment shall not be located closer than five (5) feet from a side or rear property line. Above-ground pools and spas shall not be located closer than five (5) feet from any side or rear property line. All Municipal Code and Building & Safety Department requirements for fencing, and self-closing gates shall be provided. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-2 adopted by City Council June 11, 1997.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

6.    Landscape elements including trees, shrubs and other plants may be located as provided in Chapter 17.86 PMC, Landscaping.

7.    Satellite dishes and vertical antennae may be located as provided in PMC 17.95.020 and 17.95.030, Special Regulations.

8.    Decks or bermed areas twelve (12) inches or less from grade shall not be located closer than five (5) feet from any side or rear property line. No decks or bermed areas higher than twelve (12) inches from grade are permitted within any required side or rear setback area. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

9.    Detached patio covers may encroach into the required rear yard setback, provided that a setback of ten (10) feet from the rear property line is maintained. The side yard setback shall be the same as required for the main structure. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

D.    Projections into the Yards

Except as otherwise provided in this Ordinance, the following projections may extend into required yards as follows:

1.    Architectural features including cornices, eaves, sills, buttresses, awnings, and other similar architectural features may extend into a required side yard or space between structures not more than thirty (30) inches and may extend into a required front or rear yard not more than thirty-six (36) inches.

2.    Fireplace structures and bays, not wider than eight (8) feet measured in the general direction of the wall of which it is a part, provided said fireplace or bay does not project more than three (3) feet into any required yard.

3.    Porches, pergolas, decorative trellises, or similar shade structures located within the front yard may encroach into the required front yard setback no more than six (6) feet, provided that a twenty (20) foot driveway is maintained. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

4.    Open and unenclosed fire escapes, stairways and door stoops provided that said structures are not located in a front or side yard and do not extend more than thirty-six (36) inches into a required rear yard.

5.    Balconies provided that they do not project more than six (6) feet into any required front yard or ten (10) feet into any required rear yard. Balconies shall not be closer than ten (10) feet to any side yard property line. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

6.    Attached patio covers may encroach into the required rear yard setback, provided that said structures do not project more than ten (10) feet into any required rear yard. No portion of the patio cover shall encroach into the required side yard setback area. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

7.    Planting boxes or masonry planters, not to exceed a height of forty-two (42) inches provided that said structures are not located within any required side yard or project more than six (6) feet into any required front yard.

17.82.030 Reserved

(Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

17.82.040 Distance Between Buildings in Residential Zones

(Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

A.    Distance between multi-family residential buildings and structures

1.    A minimum distance of fifteen (15) feet is required between all principal residential buildings established on the same lot or parcel of land. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

2.    A minimum distance of ten (10) feet is required between all principal residential building and any accessory building established on the same lot or parcel of land. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

3.    A minimum distance of six (6) feet is required between all principal residential buildings and any other detached accessory structure established on the same lot or parcel of land, excluding in-ground pools and spas. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996 and Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

B.    Distance between single family residential buildings and structures (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

1.    A minimum distance of ten (10) feet is required between a primary residential unit and a detached accessory dwelling unit, established on the same lot or parcel of land. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

2.    A minimum distance of six (6) feet is required between any other detached accessory structure and a primary residential structure established on the same lot or parcel of land. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.)

17.82.050 Use of Yards

Every front, side, or rear yard required by this Zoning Ordinance shall be open and unobstructed from the ground to the sky, except as otherwise provided by this Zoning Ordinance.

A.    Vehicle parking and storage within yards (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

These provisions shall apply to motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, boats, campers, trailers, travel trailers, or any vehicle licensed by the State Department of Motor Vehicles.

1.    In residential districts the required front yard and/or street side yard shall not be used for vehicle parking except such portion as is devoted to the driveway use or as stated in PMC 8.36.060(A)(10)(c). The driveway width shall be limited to the width of the garage fronting onto the street and/or to the width of a single lane driveway leading to the rear portion of the lot, but shall in no event exceed thirty (30) feet total. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

2.    Recreational vehicles, boats, campers, trailers or travel trailers shall not be stored or parked in any required front or street side yard in residential or agricultural zones except on the driveway, or as required by PMC 8.36.060(A)(10)(d). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

3.    Motor vehicles, recreational vehicles, boats, campers, trailers, travel trailers or any vehicle licensed by the State Department of Motor Vehicles may be stored or parked in any interior side or rear yard provided that: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

a.    No more than 5% of the total lot area or 1,000 square feet, whichever is less, shall be used to park or store vehicles in areas that are not enclosed.

b.    Such vehicles must be parked or stored on a rock or paved surface as required by PMC 8.36.060(A)(10)(d).

c.    No inoperative, wrecked or dismantled motor vehicle, recreational vehicle, boat, camper, trailer, travel trailer or any vehicle licensed by the State Department of Motor Vehicles shall be stored in such a way as to be visible at ground level from a public street or from an adjoining property as required by PMC 8.36.060(A)(4)(b).

B.    Other storage in yards

1.    No open storage shall be permitted in any required front or side yards adjacent to a street or highway except where otherwise permitted by this Ordinance. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

2.    Animal enclosures, cargo and shipping containers, trailers, mobile homes, motor homes, and other similar structures shall not be used for storage purposes. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

17.82.060 Line of Sight Restrictions

(Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

A.    A substantially clear line of sight shall be maintained between the driver of a vehicle waiting or yielding at an intersection or driveway and the driver of an approaching vehicle on the other approaches to the intersection or the street being entered from the driveway.

B.    Standards for determination or identification of substantially clear line of sight areas may be developed by the City Traffic/Transportation Engineer.

C.    It shall be the responsibility of the owner of the real property to remove from such property or any adjacent right-of-way any such obstruction.

17.82.070 Modification of Yard Requirements

A.    Reduced requirements

A minor exception or variance to the yard requirements may be permitted according to Chapter 17.23 PMC.

B.    Increased requirements

Setback requirements, landscaping and other measures in excess of the minimum standards contained in this Chapter may be required by the reviewing authority if deemed necessary to make proposed developments compatible with existing or prospective land uses in the vicinity.