Chapter 17.86
LANDSCAPING, LIGHTING, SCREENING AND WALLS

(Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

17.86.010 Landscaping Requirements

In all projects proposed or required to provide landscaping as part of the development plan, the landscaping shall be provided in accordance with the provisions in this Chapter.

A.    All landscaping shall conform to provisions of Chapter 14.04 PMC, Joshua Tree and Native Desert Vegetation Preservation.

B.    All landscaping shall conform at all times to provisions of Chapter 14.05 PMC, Water Efficient Landscape. In addition, landscape area design shall be based upon the principles of water conservation; grouping of plant materials based upon similar water requirements, ecological requirements, climatic conditions, and selection of drought tolerant plant materials. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-05, adopted by City Council May 9, 2001.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 13-003; adopted by City Council October 2, 2013.)

C.    Landscape areas shall be provided with a permanent, fixed automatic irrigation system including an automatic irrigation controller adequate to meet the water needs of all landscape material. Irrigation systems shall be designed to minimize maintenance and water consumption, and the irrigation systems shall be properly designed and installed to ensure that overspray onto adjacent properties, fences, walls and structures is eliminated to the maximum extent feasible. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-05, adopted by City Council May 9, 2001.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 13-003; adopted by City Council October 2, 2013.)

D.    Landscape areas and landscape materials shall be maintained in a neat, clean and healthful condition. This shall include proper pruning, mowing of lawns, weeding, removal of litter, fertilizing, and the regular watering of all plants. Any damaged, dead, diseased or decaying plant material shall be replaced in an expeditious manner. Plants shall be maintained free of disease and free of infestations of insects, animals or other pests. Bare spots in lawns or planters shall be promptly revegetated. Customary maintenance shall include provision of adequate irrigation, based on the microclimate, and regular application of fertilizer, based on the needs of the plant. Pruning and mowing will conform to the commonly used standards for each species; however in no case will the landscape areas allow to become overgrown. Examples of overgrown landscape materials include: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-05, adopted by City Council May 9, 2001.)

1.    Lawn grass species: plants which have established seed heads, lawns that have become thatched and matted, have become infested with herbaceous weeds, or exceed eight (8) inches in height.

2.    Shrubs and decorative grasses: Plants that have grown so large as to block natural light from entering windows, extend over property lines, extend over roof peaks or eaves, or are causing the strangulation of other plants.

3.    Trees: Plants which display sucker growth, have grown to a height or canopy width which impairs the normal illumination of street lights, extend over property lines, interfere with overhead lines or impact public property.

E.    All plant materials, their location and spacing, and irrigation systems shall be installed and maintained pursuant to the City’s Engineering Design Standards or as otherwise approved by the City Landscape Architect.

F.    Landscaping design shall consider solar heating and cooling techniques. Deciduous trees should be planted to the south and west of buildings, to provide summer shade and winter sunlight.

G.    Landscape design shall conform to the applicable provisions of the General Plan.

H.    Graded, undeveloped portions of project sites proposed for future expansion shall be kept in a weed free condition and appropriate ground cover may be required for erosion control. Graded pad sites may require temporary seeding and irrigation for erosion control and to mitigate visual impacts. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

I.    Except in the A-1 and R-1 zones, all plants utilized in required landscape areas shall be from the City of Palmdale Approved Plant and Tree List. In the A-1 and R-1 zones it is recommended, but is not required, that required landscaping utilize the above mentioned plant lists. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-05, adopted by City Council May 9, 2001. Zoning Ordinance Amendment 13-003; adopted by City Council October 2, 2013.)

J.    Except in Zones A-1 and R-1, the following species are not permitted in required landscape areas. In Zones A-1 and R-1, on properties developed after June 7, 2001 the following species are not permitted on lots less than one acre. In Zones A-1 and R-1 on properties developed before June 7, 2001 the following species are not recommended: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-05, adopted by City Council May 9, 2001.)

1.    Trees: Cottonwood (including Populus fremontii, P. trichocarpa, and P. tremuloides), eucalyptus, willows (Salix), Siberian elms (Ulmus pumila), tamarack (Larix occidentalis), and Arizona (Cupressus glabra) or Leyland cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii).

2.    Shrubs and grasses: pampas grass (Cortadera selloana), and common Bermuda (Cynodon dactylon).

K.    Gravel, stones, decomposed granite, mulch or other hardscape materials used in a parkway or along a pedestrian access shall be compacted or secured in such a way as to avoid spreading over any portion of a pedestrian path. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-05, adopted by City Council May 9, 2001.)

L.    Decorative water features such as pools, ponds and waterfalls used in landscaped areas shall recirculate water, shall use reclaimed water where available, and shall be designed and operated to minimize water loss. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 00-05, adopted by City Council May 9, 2001.)

17.86.020 Screening Requirements

(Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

A.    Screening of loading areas and facilities shall be provided pursuant to PMC 17.87.200.

B.    Screening of rooftop equipment shall be provided as follows:

1.    In residential, commercial, and public/institutional development consistent with residential and commercial zones, roof-mounted equipment shall be fully screened from view from the public right-of-way and properties in the vicinity. Screening for roof-mounted equipment shall be integrated into the building design, such as with parapet walls or roof line treatment, rather than added as a separate device which is not part of the structure and appears to be an afterthought. The need to screen rooftop equipment should be taken into consideration during the initial design phase for the structure. If equipment will be visible from adjacent taller buildings or from higher grades, it shall be painted to match the rooftop in color and should be grouped together where practical.

2.    In industrial zones, and for public/institutional development consistent with industrial zones, rooftop equipment shall be screened from arterial streets, freeways, and less-intensive land use districts as described in subsection (B)(1) of this Section. For portions of buildings not visible from arterials, freeways and less-intensive districts, the reviewing authority may reduce or waive the requirement for rooftop equipment screening provided that such action is determined to cause no adverse effects. Requests to allow visibility for roof-mounted equipment from arterials, freeways, and less-intensive districts will require approval of a variance or minor exception, pursuant to Chapter 17.23 PMC.

3.    Where rooftop equipment screening is required by this Section but, through approval of a variance, minor exception, or alteration to a non-conforming structure, mechanical equipment and/or ductwork projects vertically more than one and one-half (1½) feet above the roof line or parapet, the reviewing authority may require that such projecting equipment be screened by an architecturally designed enclosure which is compatible with the building design and appears permanent through use of high quality materials. Where equipment and/or ductwork projects one and one-half feet or less above the roof line or parapet, the reviewing authority may require that it be painted consistent with the color scheme of the building, or require other treatment as deemed appropriate.

C.    Screening of utility lines and equipment

1.    In residential, commercial, and public/institutional development consistent with residential and commercial zones, all existing and new utility lines 50kv and less within the project and along adjacent major arterials shall be placed underground, pursuant to Ordinance 724. Utility meters on or adjacent to buildings shall be screened by the building’s architectural features, a screen wall, landscaping, or a combination thereof. Utility boxes, backflow devices, and irrigation equipment shall be screened by use of screen walls, landscaping, or other approved means. All screen walls and landscaping should be shown on the landscape or site plans submitted for the project. No mechanical equipment, drainage spouts, or other similar devices should be visible on exterior building walls. Roof ladders shall not be placed on the outside of a building but may be placed inside, for security purposes.

2.    In industrial zones, and for public/institutional development consistent with industrial zones, utility lines and equipment shall be screened when visible from arterial streets, freeways, and less-intensive land use districts. Such screening shall meet the requirements of subsection (C)(1) of this Section. For portions of buildings not visible from arterials, freeways, and less intensive use districts, the reviewing authority may reduce, waive, or defer requirements for utility line undergrounding and utility equipment screening, pursuant to Ordinance 724 and provided that such action is determined to have no adverse effects. Additionally, for infill industrial projects in substantially developed industrial areas where utility lines have not been placed underground within the vicinity of the site, the City Engineer may defer utility line undergrounding requirements until such time as lines in the general area are undergrounded. Any request to deviate further from utility screening requirements in industrial zones will require approval of a variance or minor exception, pursuant to Chapter 17.23 PMC.

3.    In industrial zones and public uses consistent with industrial zones, the requirement for undergrounding of utility lines may be waived for remodeling of existing structures where the cost of remodeling is less than fifty (50) percent of the replacement cost of the existing structure as determined for building permits.

D.    Outdoor storage

Screening of outdoor storage areas shall be provided as follows:

1.    In residential, commercial, and public/institutional development consistent with residential and commercial zones, outdoor storage areas shall be completely screened from public view, public rights-of-way, or less intensive land use districts. Where possible, these areas shall be placed behind the buildings to screen them from public rights-of-way. Landscaping, screen walls, berming, or other approved means of screening may be used. Screen walls shall be of solid masonry construction and shall be high enough to hide the materials being stored, provided that wall height may not exceed six (6) feet in these zones except for the C-5 (Service Commercial) zone, where wall height may not exceed eight (8) feet.

2.    In industrial zones, and for public/institutional development consistent with industrial zones, outdoor storage shall be screened from arterial streets, freeways, and less-intensive land use districts. Landscaping, screen walls, berming, or other approved means of screening may be used. Fences or walls used for screening should be high enough to screen the material being stored, but in no case should the height exceed twelve (12) feet. For portions of a site less visible to the general public but visible to local and collector streets or other industrial users, chain link fencing with slats may be allowed as a screening method. For areas not visible to other properties or the general public, the requirement for screening of outdoor storage areas may be reduced or waived by the reviewing authority, provided that such action is determined to cause no adverse effects. Any request to deviate further from outdoor storage screening requirements will require approval of a variance or minor exception, pursuant to Chapter 17.23 PMC.

E.    Service bays and areas

1.    Service areas shall be integrated into the site and building design, through means including but not limited to the following:

a.    Roll-up and service doors should be painted to blend in with the main building colors, and should not face arterial streets. Where site constraints make the placement of these doors away from arterial streets infeasible, then doors shall be designed with glass or other architectural features to minimize visual impacts from the street, subject to approval by the reviewing authority.

b.    Long-term shopping cart storage areas shall be completely screened; if screen walls are used, they shall be of sufficient height and length to screen all carts, and shall be architecturally integrated with the main building.

F.    Screening of parking lots

1.    Screening of parking lots from adjacent streets and less intensive uses shall be provided pursuant to PMC 17.87.050(L).

17.86.030 Lighting Requirements

(Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

A.    Lighting fixtures within or abutting residential zones within a distance of 150 feet from the zone boundary shall not exceed fifteen (15) feet in height. Particular care must be given in these areas to avoid glare and light spread. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

B.    Except as provided in subsection A of this Section, lighting fixtures within commercial zones and public uses consistent with commercial zones shall be as follows: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

1.    On sites that are less than twenty (20) acres shall not exceed twenty-five (25) feet in height

2.    On sites with a developed area of 20 acres or larger light fixtures shall not exceed thirty-five (35) feet in height.

3.    Heights in excess of 35 feet may be approved through approval of a Conditional Use Permit (CUP).

C.    Except as provided in subsection A of this Section, lighting fixtures within industrial zones and public uses consistent with industrial zones shall not exceed thirty-five (35) feet in height, when they are visible from public rights-of-way and less intensive, non-industrial use districts. Within portions of these developments not visible to the general public, taller standards may be approved if there is no glare or light spillage into areas visible to the general public through approval of a Conditional Use Permit (CUP). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

D.    Lighting for Outdoor Recreation Facility (An area designed for active recreation, whether publicly or privately owned, including, but not limited to, baseball diamonds, soccer and football fields, golf driving range, tennis courts, and swimming pools): light fixtures within a PF (Public Facility) zone shall not exceed seventy (70) feet in height. The lighting intensity shall not exceed 50 horizontal foot candles measured from the infield. The installation shall limit off-site spill (off the parcel containing the sports facility) to the maximum extent possible consistent with the illumination constraints of the design. The luminary shall be fully shielded. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

E.    Exterior lighting standards and fixtures should be located and designed to minimize direct glare beyond the site boundaries. Lighting fixtures shall be cut-off fixtures as defined by the Illuminating Engineering Society of North American (IESNA) to confine light spread within the site boundaries. There shall be no illumination or glare from the exterior lighting system onto adjacent properties or streets. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

F.    Illumination levels should be compatible with the character and use of surrounding development. Excessive illumination will not be allowed.

G.    All light standards visible to the general public should be consistent with the overall architectural style of the project with respect to design, materials, color, and color of light. At a minimum, all standards in these locations shall have an attractive top and base; cobra-head standards shall not be allowed. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

H.    Security lighting fixtures and wall packs shall not project above the fascia or roof line of the building on which they are mounted. All security lighting fixtures and wall packs shall be shielded and aimed so that the illumination is directed only to the designated area and shall not cast direct light on other areas. The use of flood-lighting fixtures is not allowed. Security lighting fixtures and wall packs are to be included in the photometric lighting plan (specifications below). (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

I.    Lighting intensity shall be a minimum of 0.5-foot candle (at the darkest spot on the parking area), maintained. There shall be no more than a four to one (4:1) average illumination ratio (average to minimum) level of illumination shown between lighting standards. The maximum average illumination across the parking lot shall be no more than 2.4 foot candles. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

J.    No low-pressure sodium lighting fixtures are allowed. Flashing lights are strictly prohibited. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

K.    An exterior lighting (photometric) plan consisting of a point-by-point foot candle layout (based on a ten foot grid center) extending a minimum of twenty (20) feet outside the property lines, prepared by an electrical engineer registered in the State of California, shall be prepared for new development as required by the reviewing authority, in conformance with this Section and any applicable conditions of approval.

L.    Exposed neon strips, chip strips, and LED lighting, are allowed in the C-2, C-3, and C-4 zones to enhance the architectural features of the building. Continuous light strips (banding) are not allowed. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

M.    Low-voltage string ornamental lighting may be used in Commercial and PF (Public Facilities) zones to accentuate landscaping or decorative architectural features, provided the fixtures are property maintained, securely attached to the structure and provide architectural lighting to the building façade. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 01-01, adopted by City Council February 14, 2002.)

17.86.040 Walls And Fences

(Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-5, adopted by City Council July 9, 1997.)

A.    Applicability

The provisions of this Section shall apply to fences, walls and hedges within all zones. The provisions of this Chapter may not apply to a fence or wall required as an environmental mitigation measure or required by any law or regulation of the State or federal government or agency thereof.

B.    Height measurement (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

When there is a difference in the ground level between two adjoining lots, the height of any wall or fence constructed along any property line shall be determined by using the level lot line of the highest contiguous lot.

C.    Height requirements (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

Except as provided in PMC 17.82.060 relating to line of sight restrictions, fence and wall height shall not exceed the following provisions: (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

1.    Residential Zones (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

a.    A minimum 5'-6", not to exceed 6'-6" feet high wall, fence, or hedge may be located anywhere except within the required front yard setback. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

b.    Within the front yard setback, the maximum height of a sight obscuring wall, fence, hedge or earth berm shall not exceed thirty-six (36) inches high and shall be located within the property line of the subject parcel. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

c.    Within the front yard setback, open view fencing may be permitted up to five (5) feet high. If fencing is located across the driveway, it shall operate using an automated rolling gate, or open inward, away from the public right-of-way. Any man gate shall open away from the public right-of-way. Fencing shall be located within the property line of the subject parcel. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

d.    On residential lots of 20,000 square feet or more and in multiple family residential zones, a six (6) foot high open view fence may be located within the required front yard setback. The wall or fence shall be located within the property line of the subject parcel. Any gates for vehicles must be set back a minimum of twenty (20) feet from the property line to allow for vehicle parking when the gate is closed. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

e.    On lots which front onto a private street or drive, a minimum 5'-6", not to exceed 6'-6" feet high wall, fence, or hedge may be located a minimum of thirty-two (32) feet from the face of curb or edge of easement. A wall, fence, or hedge a maximum of thirty-six (36) inches high may be located a minimum of twelve (12) feet from the face of curb or edge of easement. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

f.    On lots which side onto a private street or drive, a minimum 5'-6", not to exceed 6'-6" feet high wall, fence, or hedge may be located a minimum of twenty-two (22) feet from the face of curb or edge of easement. A wall, fence, or hedge a maximum of thirty-six (36) inches high may be located a minimum of twelve (12) feet from the face of curb or edge of easement. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

2.    Residential Sports Courts (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003; Zoning Ordinance Amendment 12-002, adopted by City Council December 5, 2012.)

Residential sports court fencing in the A-1, R-1, R-2 or R-3 zones shall comply with the standards set forth in PMC 17.91.080. Tennis court fencing in all other zones shall not exceed the height of fifteen (15) feet and shall observe the setback of accessory structures within the zone. However, not less than a five (5) foot setback shall be provided to any property line. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-6 adopted by City Council April 10, 1996.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003; Zoning Ordinance Amendment 12-002, adopted by City Council December 5, 2012.)

3.    Commercial Zones (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

Within the required landscape setback along public and private streets, the maximum height of a solid wall, fence, or hedge shall not exceed thirty-six (36) inches high. Within the required building setback, excluding the required landscape setback, the maximum height of a solid wall, fence or hedge shall not exceed forty-two (42) inches high. A maximum six (6) foot high solid wall, fence, or hedge may be located anywhere except within the required landscape or building setback along a public or private street. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

4.    Industrial zones

Within the required landscape setback along public and private streets, the maximum height of a solid wall, fence, or hedge shall not exceed thirty-six (36) inches high. Within the required building setback, excluding the required landscape setback, the maximum height of a solid wall, fence or hedge shall not exceed forty-two (42) inches high. A maximum six (6) foot high solid wall, fence, or hedge may be located anywhere except within the required landscape or building setback along a public or private street. Walls and fences used for screening and/or security purposes in industrial zones may be approved for over six (6) feet in height based on the following criteria, provided they are not within the required landscape or building setback along a public or private street. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

a.    Walls adjacent to or extending from the building which have been architecturally designed to integrate with the structure design may be of a height determined by the reviewing authority.

b.    Wall height should be the minimum needed to accomplish the screening or buffering purpose for which it is constructed.

c.    Walls or fences meeting the criteria of this Section may be approved up to eight (8) feet with a plot plan approval or zoning clearance. Over eight (8) feet, the reviewing authority may approve additional wall or fence height based upon a finding that no adverse visual or aesthetic impacts will occur on adjacent properties and public rights-of-way; this determination may be made as part of the development review process for a new project or as a minor modification for an existing development, pursuant to PMC 17.26.040. No wall or fence may exceed twelve (12) feet in height, except as approved with a Conditional Use Permit (CUP).

5.    Public Facilities and Open Space and Recreation Zones (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

Within the required landscape setback along public and private streets, the maximum height of a solid wall, fence, or hedge shall not exceed thirty-six (36) inches high. Within the required building setback, excluding the required landscape setback, the maximum height of a solid wall, fence or hedge shall not exceed forty-two (42) inches high. A maximum six (6) foot high solid wall, fence, or hedge may be located anywhere except within the required landscape or building setback along a public or private street. Walls and fences used for screening and/or security purposes in Public Facilities or Open Space and Recreation zones may be approved for over six (6) feet in height based on the following criteria, provided they are not within the required landscape or building setback along a public or private street. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

a.    Wall height should be the minimum needed to accomplish the screening or buffering purpose for which it is constructed.

b.    Walls or fences meeting the criteria of this Section may be approved up to eight (8) feet with a plot plan approval or zoning clearance. Over eight (8) feet, the reviewing authority may approve additional wall or fence height based upon a finding that no adverse visual or aesthetic impacts will occur on adjacent properties and public rights-of-way; this determination may be made as part of the development review process for a new project or as a minor modification for an existing development, pursuant to PMC 17.26.040. No wall or fence may exceed twelve (12) feet in height, except as approved with a Conditional Use Permit (CUP).

6.    Vacant or abandoned lots (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

On any vacant or abandoned lot, a maximum six (6) foot high solid wall, fence or hedge may be located within the property lines of the subject parcel, except within the required front yard building setbacks. Within such required front yard setbacks a maximum six (6) foot high open-view fence shall be permitted, except on residential lots under 20,000 square feet. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

D.    Material and Design (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

1.    Residential zones

a.    Acceptable fencing materials may consist of masonry, wrought iron, durable vinyl, or other similar durable materials, as approved by the Director of Planning. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

b.    Fencing composed of wood, plywood, solid metal, tires, garage doors, and other salvageable materials are not permitted. Painted solid metal and treated wood may be permitted only as gates. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

c.    Chain link fencing is not permitted within the front and street side yard setback area. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

d.    The use of barbed wire, electrified fence or razor wire in conjunction with any fence, wall, or hedge, or by itself within any residential zone, is prohibited unless required by any law or regulation of the state or federal government or agency thereof.

2.    A-1 Zone

a.    The use of barbed wire or electrified fence in conjunction with any fence, wall, or hedge, or by itself within Zone A-1 is permitted provided that the barbed wire or electrified fence is used in conjunction with animal keeping or other agricultural activities, and that it is separated from any public access (i.e., road, trail, etc.) by a regular fence or wall that is a minimum of six (6) feet in height.

b.    Acceptable fencing materials may consist of masonry, wrought iron, durable vinyl, chain link or other similar durable materials, as approved by the Director of Planning. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

c.    Fencing composed of wood, plywood, solid metal, tires, garage doors, and other salvageable materials are not permitted. Painted solid metal and treated wood may be permitted only as gates. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

3.    Commercial zones

a.    No chain link fencing is allowed adjacent to or visible from the public right-of-way.

b.    No roof-mounted fencing, including wrought iron, barbed wire or razor wire, is allowed.

c.    The use of barbed wire, electrified fence or razor wire is prohibited unless required by any law or regulation of the state or federal government or agency thereof.

d.    Use of solid block walls is discouraged, except where required for buffering, screening, and/or security. Where used, walls should be of decorative construction and should integrate with the overall site design in use of colors, materials, and architectural features. Long walls should incorporate offsets, pilasters, planter walls, or other similar approved design features to provide visual interest.

e.    Where open-view fencing is required for security purposes and is visible from public rights-of-way, decorative construction such as tubular steel or wrought iron should be used. Masonry pilasters and/or landscaping may be required to provide visual interest.

f.    Acceptable fencing materials may consist of masonry, wrought iron, durable vinyl, or other similar durable materials, as approved by the Director of Planning. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

g.    Fencing composed of wood, plywood, solid metal, tires, garage doors, and other salvageable materials are not permitted. Painted solid metal and treated wood may be permitted only as gates. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

4.    Industrial zones

a.    Any walls or fences in industrial zones which are visible to the general public from arterial streets, freeways, or less intensive, non-industrial uses or zones shall meet the criteria for commercial zones as specified in subsection (D)(3) of this Section.

b.    Walls or fences in industrial zones which are not visible to the general public from arterial streets, freeways, or less intensive zones may be of other materials and design as approved by the reviewing authority. Barbed wire may be permitted atop fencing in these locations, as approved by the reviewing authority.

c.    Acceptable fencing materials may consist of masonry, wrought iron, durable vinyl, or other similar durable materials, as approved by the Director of Planning. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

d.    Fencing composed of wood, plywood, solid metal, tires, garage doors, and other salvageable materials are not permitted. Painted solid metal and treated wood may be permitted only as gates. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

5.    Public Facilities and Open Space and Recreation Zones (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 98-1, adopted by City Council March 10, 1999.)

a.    The use of barbed wire, electrified fence or razor wire is prohibited unless required by any law or regulation of the state or federal government or agency thereof.

b.    No roof-mounted fencing, including wrought iron, barbed wire or razor wire, is allowed.

c.    Acceptable fencing materials may consist of masonry, wrought iron, durable vinyl, or other similar durable materials, as approved by the Director of Planning. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

d.    Fencing composed of wood, plywood, solid metal, tires, garage doors, and other salvageable materials are not permitted. Painted solid metal and treated wood may be permitted only as gates. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

E.    Minor exceptions or variances to the fence, wall, and hedge requirements may be permitted according to Chapter 17.23 PMC.

F.    Perimeter wall setbacks (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

1.    The perimeter subdivision setback area on a regional or major arterial street shall be a minimum of twelve (12) feet, and on a secondary arterial or local collector street a minimum of seven (7) feet, or as otherwise specified by the City Engineer. The setback area shall be measured to the back of the sidewalk or to the public right-of-way when no sidewalk exists, and the entire setback area shall be landscaped. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 97-2 adopted by City Council June 11, 1997.) (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)

2.    RV and vehicle access through a perimeter wall shall be prohibited. (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 02-03, adopted by City Council July 9, 2003.)