Chapter 17.97
RECYCLING FACILITIES

17.97.010 Purpose

The purpose of this Chapter is to provide standards that will ensure adequate areas for collecting and loading recyclable materials that are compatible with surrounding land uses, in order to encourage diversion of solid waste by facilitating source reduction, recycling, and composting activities.

17.97.020 General Development Standards

All recycling facilities, as defined in PMC 17.16.180, are subject to the following general requirements:

A.    The City may specify what types of materials could be stored or processed and in what quantities;

B.    Material shall be stored inside containers or inside the mobile vehicles. No outside storage shall be allowed.

C.    Recycling areas or the bins or containers placed therein must provide protection against adverse environmental conditions, such as rain or wind, which might rended the collected materials unmarketable;

D.    The design and construction of recycling areas shall not jeopardize security of any recyclable materials placed therein;

E.    The recycling facility shall be constructed and maintained of durable waterproof and rustproof material;

F.    Collection containers, site fencing, and signage shall be of such color and design so as to be compatible with the surrounding uses and neighborhood;

G.    Driveways, and/or travel aisles shall provide unobstructed access for collection vehicles and personnel in conformance with building code requirements for garbage collection access and clearance.

H.    A sign clearly identifying all recycling and solid waste collection and loading areas and the materials accepted therein shall be posted adjacent to all points of direct access to the recycling areas;

I.    The facility and/or containers shall be clearly marked to identify the type of material to be deposited, operating instructions and hours, and the identity and phone number of the facility operator to call if the machine is inoperative, and shall display a notice stating that no material shall be left outside the recycling enclosure of containers;

J.    Facilities shall meet the sign requirements of the zone designation as set forth in the Zoning Ordinance, unless otherwise specified; directional signs may be installed with the approval of the Director of Planning;

K.    The facility shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary manner free of litter and any other undesirable materials on a regular basis, including mobile facilities;

L.    Developments and transportation corridors adjacent to recycling areas shall be adequately protected from any adverse impacts such as noise, odor, vectors, or glare, through measures including, but not limited to maintaining adequate separation, fencing, and landscaping;

M.    If the facility is located in or near an area designated, or planned for residential use, special requirements for hours of operation, type of machinery used, lighting, and truck routes may be required;

N.    Noise generated by the facilities shall not exceed maximum limits established by the General Plan;

O.    The facility must meet all applicable requirements of the Fire, Health, and Building and Safety Departments;

17.97.030 Permits Required

Recycling facilities are subject to permit review in all residential, commercial and manufacturing zones according to the following:

 

Type of Facility

Zones Permitted

Permit Required

Reverse Vending

Machine(s)

All Commercial and

Manufacturing zones

Minor Modification and up to 5 reverse vending

machines

Small Collection Facilities

All Commercial and

Manufacturing zones

Minor Modification

Large Collection Facilities

C-5, M-1, M-2 (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-1 adopted by City Council June 14, 1995.)

Conditional Use Permit

Light Processing Facilities

C-5, M-1, M-2 (Zoning Ordinance Amendment 95-1 adopted by City Council June 14, 1995.)

Conditional Use Permit

Heavy Processing Facilities

M-1, M-2

Conditional Use Permit

17.97.040 Reverse Vending Machines

Reverse vending machine(s), as defined in PMC 17.16.170, shall be subject to compliance with the following standards:

A.    Shall be installed as an accessory use to a commercial or manufacturing use which is in full compliance with all applicable provisions of the Zoning Ordinance and Municipal Code.

B.    Shall be located within 30 feet of the entrance to the structure and shall not obstruct pedestrian or vehicular circulation.

C.    Shall not occupy parking spaces required by the primary use.

D.    Shall occupy no more than fifty (50) square feet of floor space per installation, including any protective enclosure, and shall be no more than eight (8) feet in height.

E.    Shall have a sign area of maximum four (4) square feet per machine, exclusive of operating instructions.

F.    Operating hours shall be consistent with the operating hours of the primary use.

G.    Shall be illuminated to ensure comfortable and safe operation if operating hours include hours between dusk and dawn.

H.    No additional parking spaces shall be required for customers of a reverse vending machine.

17.97.050 Small Collection Facilities

Small collection facilities, as defined in PMC 17.16.180, shall comply with both the general standards provided in Subsection A above and the following standards:

A.    Shall be installed as an accessory use to an existing use which is in full compliance with all applicable provisions of the Zoning Ordinance.

B.    Shall be no larger than 500 square feet.

C.    Shall be subject to structure setbacks, landscaping, and/or screening requirements of the zone in which it is located, except as modified or increased by the Director of Planning.

D.    Shall accept only glass, metals, plastic containers, papers and reuseable items.

E.    Shall use no power-driven processing equipment except for reverse vending machines.

F.    Containers shall be covered when site is not attended, secured from unauthorized entry or removal of material, and of a capacity sufficient to accommodate materials collected and collection schedule.

G.    If a mobile unit is used, all recyclable materials shall be stored in the mobile unit vehicle and shall not be left outside of the unit when attendant is not present; Mobile facilities at which truck or containers are removed at the end of each collection day, shall be swept at the end of each collection day.

H.    Signs may be provided as follows:

1.    Identification signs with a maximum sign area of fifteen (15) percent per side of a structure or sixteen (16) square feet, whichever is less. In the case of a wheeled facility, the side will be measured from the ground to the top of the container.

2.    Signs shall be consistent with the character of their location.

3.    Directional signs, consistent with the Ordinance, may be installed with the approval of the Director of Planning if found necessary to facilitate traffic or if the facility is not visible from the public right-of-way.

I.    No additional parking space shall be required for customers of a small collection facility located at the established parking lot of the primary use.

J.    Mobile recycling units shall have an area clearly marked to prohibit other vehicular parking during hours when the mobile unit is scheduled to be present.

K.    In no event, shall small collection facilities reduce the parking requirements of the development project.

L.    Small collection facilities shall not be 24 hour operations.

17.97.060 Large Collection Facilities

A large collection facility, as defined in PMC 17.16.180, shall comply with the general and following standards:

A.    The facility shall not abut residential zones.

B.    The facility shall be enclosed within a structure and screened from view from the public right-of-way.

C.    Structure setbacks and landscape requirements shall be those required for the zoning designation in which the facility is located.

D.    Containers shall be covered when site is not attended, secured from unauthorized entry or removal of material, and shall be of a capacity sufficient to accommodate materials collected and collection schedule.

E.    Space shall be provided on site for a minimum of six (6) vehicles to circulate and to deposit recyclable materials and for adequate stacking distances per the City Traffic/Transportation Engineer.

F.    Four parking spaces shall be provided for employees plus one (1) space for each commercial vehicle operated by the recycling facility.

G.    Adequate refuse containers for the disposal of non-hazardous waste shall be permanently maintained on site.

17.97.070 Light Processing Facilities

Light processing facilities, as defined in PMC 17.16.180, shall comply with the general and following standards:

A.    The facility shall not abut a residentially designated property;

B.    Processing facilities shall operate within a completely enclosed structure.

C.    Power-driven processing shall be permitted provided all noise level requirements are met. Light processing facilities shall be limited to baling, briquetting, crushing, compacting, grinding, shredding and sorting of source-separated recyclable materials and repairing of reusable materials.

D.    A light processing facility shall be no larger than 45,000 square feet; shall have no more than an average of 2 outbound truck shipments of material per day; and shall not shred, compact or bale ferrous metals other than food and beverage containers.

E.    Structure setbacks and landscaping requirements shall be those provided for the zone designation in which the facility is located.

F.    Loose debris shall be collected on a daily basis and the site shall be secured from unauthorized entry and removal of materials when attendants are not present.

G.    One parking space shall be required for each 2,500 square feet of area devoted for storage.

17.97.080 Heavy Processing Facilities

Heavy processing facilities shall comply with the general and following standards:

A.    The facility shall not abut a residentially designated property.

B.    Processing facilities shall operate within a completely enclosed structure.

C.    Power-driven processing shall be permitted provided all noise level requirements are met.

D.    Structure setbacks and landscaping requirements shall be those provided for the zone designation in which the facility is located.

E.    Loose debris shall be collected on a daily basis and the site shall be secured from unauthorized entry and removal of materials when attendants are not present.

F.    One parking space shall be provided for each 2,500 square feet of area devoted for storage, in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 17.87 PMC.