Chapter 18.125
MINIMUM OFF-STREET PARKING REQUIREMENTS

Sections:

18.125.010    Off-street parking requirements – General.

18.125.011    Exceptions to off-street parking requirements.

18.125.020    Off-street parking lot layout, construction, and maintenance.

18.125.010 Off-street parking requirements – General.

In all districts there shall be provided, at any time any building or structure is erected or enlarged or increased in capacity, off-street parking spaces for automobiles in accordance with the following requirements:

(1) Off-street parking for other than residential use shall be either on the same lot, or within 200 feet of the building it is intended to serve, measured from the nearest point of the building to the nearest point of the off-street parking lot, without crossing any major thoroughfares. Churches may establish joint parking facilities not to exceed 50 percent of the required spaces, with institutions and agencies that do not have a time conflict in parking demand. The joint parking facilities shall be located no further than 400 feet from the church sanctuary.

(2) Residential off-street parking spaces shall consist of a parking lot, driveway, garage, or combination thereof, and shall be located on the lot they are intended to serve.

(3) For uses not specifically mentioned herein, off-street parking requirements shall be interpreted by the planning commission.

(4) Any area once designed as required off-street parking shall not be changed to any other use unless and until equal facilities are provided elsewhere.

(5) Off-street parking existing at effective date of these regulations in connection with the operation of an existing building or use, shall not be reduced to an amount less than hereinafter required for a similar new building or use.

(6) Two or more buildings or uses may collectively provide the required off-street parking, in which case the required number of parking spaces shall be not less than the sum of the requirements for the several individual uses computed separately.

(7) The required off-street parking shall be for occupants, employees, visitors, patrons, and shall be limited in use to motor vehicles. The storage of merchandise, motor vehicles for sale, or the repair of vehicles on such parking area is prohibited.

(8) Every company car, truck, tractor, and trailer normally stored at the plant site shall be provided with off-street parking space in an area reserved for the use as determined by the planning commission.

(9) In cases of dual functioning of off-street parking where operating hours do not overlap, the planning commission may grant an exception.

(10) The minimum number of off-street parking spaces shall be determined in accordance with the following:

 

Table of Parking Spaces Required 

USES

PARKING SPACES REQUIRED

Automobile wrecking, junk, or salvage yard which offers for sale to the public any new or used merchandise

One space for each two employees, plus one space for each 10,000 square feet of lot area, or two spaces for each 100 square feet of floor area, whichever is the greater.

Banks, business, or professional offices

One per 300 square feet of usable floor area, plus one per each three employees.

Barbershop or beauty parlor

Two per barber or beauty shop chair.

Boarding or rooming house

One space for the resident family. One space for each two guests.

Bowling alleys

Five per alley.

Churches

One per four seats, or one per 30 square feet of usable floor area of auditorium, whichever is greater.

Commercial recreation uses

One per three patrons, based on the design capacity of the facility.

Commercial or trade schools

One per three students plus two per three employees.

Country club

One per five members.

Dormitories, fraternity, or sorority

One per each three permanent residents.

Dwellings (single- and two-family)

One per dwelling unit.

Dwellings (multifamily and attached)

Two spaces per dwelling unit.

Establishments for sale and consumption on the premises of beverages, food, or refreshments

One per three employees, plus one per 100 square feet of usable floor space, or one per three fixed seats, whichever is the greater.

Gasoline service station

One parking space for each employee, plus two spaces for each service bay.

Governmental office building

One per 300 square feet of usable floor area, plus one per each three employees. Every governmental vehicle shall be provided with a reserved off-street parking space.

Group house

One space for each three individuals, plus one space for each supervisor, plus one space for each two employees.

Housing for elderly and/or physically handicapped

One for each two dwelling units per each unit actually housing elderly and/or physically handicapped and two spaces per dwelling unit housing individuals not elderly or handicapped.

Hospitals

One per three patient beds, exclusive of bassinets, plus one space for each two employees including nurses on the maximum working shift, plus adequate area for parking emergency vehicles.

Hotel, motel, etc.

One per each room or suite. When a restaurant is included that may serve the outside public, parking shall be calculated at the same rate as “Establishments for sale and consumption on the premises of beverages, food, or refreshments.”

For conference or meeting facilities, add one additional space for every four persons based on the design capacity of the conference or meeting area.

Industrial establishments

One per two employees on the combined two largest successive shifts, plus adequate parking space for customer and visitor vehicles as determined by the planning commission.

Library

One for each 400 square feet of floor space.

Manufactured home

Two spaces per stand or lot.

Medical clinics

Three patient parking spaces per staff doctor, plus one per staff doctor, plus two per three other employees.

Mortuaries or funeral parlors

Five spaces per parlor or chapel unit, or one per four seats, whichever is greater.

Private clubs, lodge, or union headquarters

One per three members based on the design capacity of the facility.

Retail stores, supermarkets, department stores, and personal service establishments except as otherwise specified herein

One per 100 square feet of retail floor space.

Schools shall be provided with parking spaces per the following schedule:

Elementary, junior high, and the equivalent private or parochial schools

Two spaces per three teachers and employees normally engaged in or about the building or grounds, plus one space for each 150 square feet of seating area, including aisles, in any auditorium.

Senior high schools and the equivalent private or parochial schools

Two spaces per three teachers and employees normally engaged in or about the building or grounds, plus one space per five students or one space for each 150 square feet of seating area, including aisles, in any auditorium, gymnasium, or cafeteria intended to be used as an auditorium, whichever is the greater.

Kindergartens, day schools, and the equivalent private or parochial schools

Two parking spaces per three teachers and employees normally engaged in or about the building or grounds plus one off-street loading space per eight pupils.

Shopping centers

Five and one-half parking spaces per 1,000 square feet of gross leasable area; provided, however, that if more than two-thirds of the gross retail and customer service area for all business establishments is devoted to or occupied by retail food stores and department stores, the parking requirements shall be as provided for supermarkets and department stores. Hardware and furniture stores and all other retail and personal service establishments except as otherwise provided: one space for each 200 square feet of retail space.

Special care facility

One space for each four patient beds plus one space for each staff doctor plus one space for each two employees including nurses.

Stadiums and sports arenas

One per eight seats or 12 feet of benches.

Supermarkets and department stores

One parking space for each 100 square feet of floor area used for retail sales for the first 5,000 square feet and one space for each 200 square feet of retail area above 5,000 square feet.

Swimming pools

One per 30 square feet of water area.

Theaters, auditoriums, and places of assembly without fixed seats

One per three people based on the design capacity of the structure.

Wholesale establishments and business services

One for every 50 square feet of customer service area, plus two per three employees based on the design capacity of the largest shift.

(Ord. 2017-10; Ord. 2009-12; Ord. 2004-23. Zoning ordinance Art. 5, § 5).

18.125.011 Exceptions to off-street parking requirements.

The requirements of SCC 18.125.010 shall not be applicable to the following:

(1) Any lot or parcel in the core business district, beginning at the intersection of Baldwin Street and Lewis Street, thence with Baldwin Street to Central Avenue, thence with the line (center line) of existing Baldwin Street to New Street, thence with New Street to Frederick Street, thence with Frederick Street to Coalter Street, thence with Coalter Street to its intersection with the C&O Railroad, thence with the C&O Railroad to its intersection with Middlebrook Avenue, thence with Middlebrook Avenue to its intersection with Lewis Street, thence with Lewis Street to Baldwin Street to the point of beginning.

(2) All that certain lot of parcel of land, with all improvements thereon and appurtenances thereto belonging, situate in the city of Staunton, Virginia, known by present house numbering as 300 Church Street and described as containing 1.435 acres and being in all respects the same property shown on plat entitled “Plat Showing Smith Fuel Company Lands, Church Street, Staunton, Virginia,” dated January 20, 1970, made by Higgs and Shumate, Engineers – Surveyors, said plat being recorded in the clerk’s office of the circuit court of the city of Staunton, Virginia, in Deed Book 173, page 225, less however, that portion containing 0.002 acre, more or less, which was conveyed to the commonwealth of Virginia by deed dated October 13, 1988, recorded in Deed Book 290, page 512.

(3) All those two certain lots or parcels of land, together with all improvements thereon, and all rights, privileges and appurtenances thereunto belonging, situate in the city of Staunton, Virginia, more particularly described as Lot 6 (PIN 1611) and Lot 7 (PIN 1612), Block ZZ and designated by present street numbering as 220 and 222 S. Washington Street, Staunton, Virginia.

(4) Any lot or parcel, in addition to that permitted in subsections (1), (2), (3) of this section, with commercial buildings and zoned B-1, B-2, B-3, or P-1, with new or continuing business uses, where any of the following conditions already exist exclusive of adjacent unaccepted alleyways and/or streets:

(a) Slopes greater than 15 percent;

(b) Front yard(s) less than 25 feet, all side yards less than 15 feet and a rear yard less than 40 feet; or

(c) Front yard less than 25 feet, side yard(s) less than 40 feet and a rear yard less than 40 feet. (Ord. 2009-12).

18.125.020 Off-street parking lot layout, construction, and maintenance.

Where the required off-street parking requires the building of a parking lot, and wherever a parking lot is built, such parking shall be laid out, constructed, and maintained in accordance with the following regulations:

(1) Except for parcels of land devoted to one- and two-family uses, all areas devoted to off-street parking shall be so designed and be of such size that no vehicle is required to back into a public street to obtain egress.

(2) Each parking space shall be not less than 200 square feet in area and shall be a definitely designated stall adequate for one motor vehicle.

(3) In any determination of parking requirements as set forth in this chapter, where the resultant figure contains a fraction, any fraction less than one-half or more shall be counted as one parking space.

(4) Clearly defined driveways used for ingress and egress shall be confined to and shall not exceed 40 feet in width, exclusive of curb returns.

(5) All areas devoted to permanent off-street parking as required under this chapter shall be of a sealed-surface construction, and maintained in such a manner that no dust will result from continuous use.

(6) The parking lot shall be drained to eliminate surface water.

(7) Where the parking lot is contiguous to a residential district which has common frontage in the same block with the parking lot, there shall be established a setback line 25 feet from the street lot line.

(8) Where the parking lot abuts side lot lines of a residential district, there shall be established a setback line 10 feet from such side lot line.

(9) Where the parking lot lies across the street and opposite a residential district, wherein the lots front on such street, there shall be established a setback line 25 feet from the street lot line.

(10) Where the parking lot abuts rear property lines of a residential district, there shall be established a setback line five feet from the rear lot line.

(11) Where parking is to be provided in the front yard of a multiple-family dwelling, there shall be established a setback line 10 feet from the street lot line. The land between the setback line and the lot line is for the purposes of this title called a buffer strip. The ground in the front buffer strip shall be prepared and shall be planted with trees, shrubs, and grass.

(12) Plans for the layout of a parking lot must be approved by the planning commission, based on design standards approved by the Institute of Traffic Engineers.

(13) The planning commission shall have the authority to approve off-street parking in any district which is more restrictive than that required for the major land use it is intended to serve subject to the preceding conditions. The following conditions shall also apply:

(a) The parking lot shall not have access from the more restrictive district.

(b) All sides of the lot, except those openings for ingress and egress, shall be enclosed with an opaque ornamental fence, wall, or dense evergreen hedge having a height of not less than five nor more than six feet. Such fence, wall, or hedge shall be maintained in good condition. Bumper stops shall be provided so as to prevent any vehicle from projecting over the buffer strip.

(c) The intensity of light and arrangement of reflectors shall be such as not to interfere with residential districts.

(d) No sign of any kind shall be erected except information signs used to guide traffic and to state the conditions and terms of the use of the lot. Only nonintermittent white lighting of signs shall be permitted. (Zoning ordinance Art. 5, § 5).