Chapter 18.75
I-1 LIGHT INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT

Sections:

18.75.010    General description.

18.75.020    Uses permitted.

18.75.030    Area regulations.

18.75.040    Uses permitted on review.

18.75.050    Height regulations.

18.75.060    Minimum off-street parking and loading requirements.

18.75.070    Landscaping and screening.

18.75.080    Minimum distance for building construction from any residential or professional district.

18.75.090    Uses permitted on review.

18.75.010 General description.

These districts are composed of land and structures used for light manufacturing or wholesaling, or suitable for such uses, where the use and its operation do not directly adversely affect nearby residential and business uses. These districts are usually separated from residential areas by business areas or by natural barriers. The district regulations are designed to allow a wide range of industrial activities subject to limitations designed to protect nearby residential and business districts. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.020 Uses permitted.

Property and buildings in the I-1 light industrial district shall be used only for the following purposes:

(1) A retail or service use only when it directly serves or is auxiliary to the needs of industrial plants or employees thereof or when it is an adult business, which use shall be permitted solely in an I-1 light industrial zoning district.

(2) No residential use, except sleeping facilities required by caretaker or night watchman employed on the premises shall be permitted in the I-1 light industrial district.

(3) Any of the following uses:

(a) Business sign as regulated in Chapter 18.140 SCC.

(b) Building material sales yard and lumber yard, including the sale of rock, sand, gravel, and the like as an incidental part of the main business, but not including a concrete batch plant or a transit plant.

(c) Contractor’s equipment storage yard or plant, or rental of equipment commonly used by contractors.

(d) Freighting or trucking yard or terminal.

(e) Outdoor storage facilities for coal, coke, building materials, sand, gravel, stone, lumber; open storage of construction contractor’s equipment and supplies shall be screened by seven foot obscuring fence, wall, or mass plantings, or otherwise so located as not to be obnoxious to the orderly appearance of the district.

(f) Public utility service yard or electrical receiving or transforming station.

(g) Auction house, except for sale of livestock.

(h) Tire recapping or retreading.

(i) Co-location of telecommunication antenna and related equipment as regulated in SCC 18.185.020(4).

(4) Adult Businesses. In addition to all other requirements, any adult business shall be permitted solely in an I-1 light industrial zoning district and conform to the following requirements:

(a) The business shall be located at least 500 feet away from any residential or agricultural-forestal zoning district, and at least 500 feet from the property line of any land used for any of the following:

(i) A dwelling;

(ii) A nursing home, assisted living facility, or similar institution;

(iii) An adult day care center;

(iv) A child day care center;

(v) A public or private school, college or university;

(vi) A public park;

(vii) A public or private library, museum or cultural center;

(viii) A church or other place of worship;

(ix) A hotel, motel or boardinghouse; and

(x) Any other adult business.

(b) Adult merchandise shall not be visible from any point outside the establishment.

(c) Signs or attention-getting devices for the business shall not contain any words or graphics depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas, as defined in SCC 5.40.010.

(d) The business shall not begin service to the public or any outside activity before 7:00 a.m. local time. Hours of operation for any adult movie theater, adult nightclub or other business providing adult entertainment shall not extend after 1:00 a.m. local time. Hours of operation for any adult bookstore, adult video store, adult model studio, adult store or any other adult business except an adult motel shall not extend after 12:00 midnight local time.

(e) In any adult business other than an adult motel or adult movie theater, there shall be no viewing of videotapes, computer disks, CD-ROMs, DVD-ROMs, virtual reality devices, Internet sites or files transmitted over the Internet, or similar media characterized by an emphasis on matter depicting, describing or relating to specified sexual activities or specified anatomical areas, as defined in SCC 5.40.010, while on the premises.

(f) Adult merchandise shall be located in a conspicuously marked separate room or other area inaccessible to persons under 18 years of age with the room configured so that it remains open to plain view at all times.

(g) The interior of the enclosed premises shall be equipped with overhead lighting fixtures that at all times illuminate every place patrons are permitted access with an illumination of not less than two-foot candles measured at floor level.

(h) Wide angle mirrors must be used to provide the manager with continuous monitoring of all areas of the establishment.

(i) All owners, operators, managers, employees, associates and entertainers shall be at least 18 years of age.

(j) The owner or operator shall operate and maintain a security camera and videotape or digital file system designed and installed by a private security service business licensed by the commonwealth of Virginia. Surveillance cameras shall continuously monitor and record images of all entrances, exits, parking areas and all areas of the establishment where the adult business is conducted, except for the sleeping rooms of an adult motel. Such cameras shall provide clear imagery of the establishment’s premises, patrons and their vehicles and of any vehicles otherwise entering the premises. Videotapes or digital file systems recording activities in the areas under surveillance shall be preserved for a period of not less than four months. Authorized representatives of the Staunton police or the Staunton planning department shall have prompt access to recovery and possession or a complete and accurate copy of such videotapes or digital files upon request.

(k) The owner or operator shall provide adequate lighting for all entrances, exits and off-street parking areas serving the adult business, and all areas of the establishment where the adult business is conducted, except for the private rooms of an adult motel or the movie viewing areas in an adult movie theater. “Adequate lighting” means sufficient lighting for clear visual and security camera surveillance and recording of all images on the premises at all times one hour before dusk and one hour after dawn.

Unless otherwise defined or required by the context, terms used in this section relating to adult businesses shall have the same meaning as defined in SCC 5.40.010.

If any of the provisions of any subsection, paragraph, subdivision or clause of this section shall be judged invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, such order or judgment shall not affect or invalidate the remainder of any subsection, paragraph, subdivision or clause of this section.

Nothing in the provisions of this subsection shall be applied, construed or interpreted in any way as prohibiting or limiting the prosecution of alleged violation of any obscenity or child pornography laws.

(5) The following uses when conducted within a completely enclosed building:

(a) The manufacture, compounding, processing, packaging, or treatment of such products as bakery goods, candy, cosmetics, dairy products, drugs, perfumes, pharmaceuticals, perfumed toilet soap, toiletries, and food products.

(b) The manufacture, compounding, assembling or treatment of articles of merchandise from the following previously prepared materials: aluminum, bone, cellophane, canvas, cloth, cork, feathers, felt, fiber, fur, glass, hair, horn, leather, paper, plastics, precious or semi-precious metals or stones, shell, rubber, textiles, tin, iron, steel, wood (excluding sawmill), yarn, and paint not involving a boiling process.

(c) The manufacture of pottery and figurines or other similar ceramic products, using only previously pulverized clay, and kilns fired only by electricity or gas.

(d) The manufacture and maintenance of electric and neon signs, commercial advertising structures, light sheet metal products, including heating and ventilating ducts and equipment, cornices, eaves, and the like.

(e) The manufacture of musical instruments, toys, novelties, and rubber and metal stamps.

(f) Automobile assembling, painting, upholstering, rebuilding, reconditioning, body and fender works, truck repairing and overhauling, tire retreading or recapping, and battery manufacturing.

(g) The sale, storage, and sorting of junk, waste, discarded or salvaged materials, machinery or equipment, but not including processing.

(h) Blacksmith shop and machine shop.

(i) Foundry casting lightweight nonferrous metal not causing noxious fumes or odors.

(j) Planing mill.

(k) Wholesale or warehouse enterprise.

(6) Buildings, structures, and uses accessory and customarily incidental to any of the above uses. (Ord. 2007-31; Ord. 2007-29. Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.030 Area regulations.

The following requirements shall apply to all uses permitted in this district:

(1) Front Yard. All buildings shall set back from all street right-of-way lines not less than 25 feet.

(2) Side Yard. No building shall be located closer than 15 feet to a side lot line, unless said side lot line abuts a residential or professional district, in which case no building shall be located closer than 50 feet to that side lot line.

(3) Rear Yard. No building shall be located closer than 30 feet to a rear lot line, unless such rear lot line abuts a residential or professional district, in which case no building shall be located closer than 50 feet to that rear lot line.

(4) Coverage. Main and accessory buildings and off-street parking and loading facilities shall not cover more than 75 percent of the lot area. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.040 Uses permitted on review.

The following uses may be permitted on review by the planning commission in accordance with the provisions contained in Chapter 18.210 SCC:

Other uses of the same general character and compatible with those uses permitted in SCC 18.75.020, Uses permitted, in this district. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.050 Height regulations.

No building or structure shall exceed four stories or 45 feet in height, except as hereinafter provided in Chapter 18.115 SCC. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.060 Minimum off-street parking and loading requirements.

Minimum off-street parking and loading requirements are as regulated in Chapters 18.125 and 18.135 SCC. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.070 Landscaping and screening.

Landscaping and screening are as regulated in Chapter 18.175 SCC, Landscaping and Screening. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.080 Minimum distance for building construction from any residential or professional district.

Notwithstanding any minimum setback, rear yard, or front yard requirements hereinabove set forth, no building may be constructed in this district within 50 feet of any residential or professional district. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).

18.75.090 Uses permitted on review.

Other uses of the same general character as those listed as uses permitted in this district. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 12).