Chapter 1.04
GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sections:

1.04.010    Definitions.

1.04.020    Grammatical interpretation.

1.04.030    Prohibited acts include causing, permitting, etc.

1.04.040    Construction.

1.04.050    Repeal shall not revive any ordinances.

1.04.060    Right of entry.

1.04.010 Definitions.

A. The following words and phrases whenever used in the ordinances of the city of Bellingham, Washington, shall be construed as defined in this section unless from the context a different meaning is intended or unless different meaning is specifically defined and more particularly directed to the use of such words or phrases:

“City” means the city of Bellingham, Washington, or the area within the territorial limits of the city of Bellingham, Washington, and such territory outside the city over which the city has jurisdiction or control by virtue of any constitutional or statutory provision.

“Computation of time” means the time within which an act is to be done. It shall be computed by excluding the first day and including the last day; and if the last day is Sunday or a legal holiday, that day shall be excluded.

“Council” means the city council of the city of Bellingham, Washington. “All its members” or “all councilpersons” means the total number of councilpersons provided by the general laws of the state of Washington.

“County” means the county of Whatcom, Washington.

“Law” denotes applicable federal law, the constitution and statutes of the state of Washington, the ordinances of the city of Bellingham, and when appropriate, any and all rules and regulations which may be promulgated thereunder.

“May” is permissive.

“Month” means a calendar month.

“Must” and “shall.” Each is mandatory.

“Oath” shall be construed to include an affirmation or declaration in all cases in which, by law, an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in such cases the words “swear” and “sworn” shall be equivalent to the words “affirm” and “affirmed.”

“Occupant,” applied to a building or land, includes any person who occupies the whole or a part of such building or land, whether alone or with others.

“Ordinance” means a law of the city; provided, that a temporary or special law, administrative action, order or directive, may be in the form of a resolution.

“Owner” applied to a building or land includes any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, joint tenant or tenant by the entirety, of the whole or a part of such building or land.

“Person” means natural person, joint venture, joint stock company, partnership, association, club, company, corporation, business, trust, organization, or the manager, lessee, agent, servant, officer or employee of any of them.

“Personal property” includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt.

“Preceding” and “following” mean next before and next after, respectively.

“Property” includes real and personal property.

“Real property” includes lands, tenements and hereditaments.

“Sidewalk” means that portion of a street between the curbline and the adjacent property line intended for the use of pedestrians.

“State” means the state of Washington.

“Street” includes all streets, highways, avenues, lanes, alleys, courts, places, squares, curbs, or other public ways in this city which have been or may hereafter be dedicated and open to public use, or such other public property so designated in any law of this state.

“Title of Office.” Use of the title of any officer, employee, department, board or commission means that officer, employee, department, board or commission of the city.

“Written” includes printed, typewritten, mimeographed or multigraphed.

“Year” means a calendar year.

B. All words and phrases shall be construed and understood according to the common and approved usage of the language; but technical words and phrases and such others as may have acquired a peculiar and appropriate meaning in the law shall be construed and understood according to such peculiar and appropriate meaning.

C. When an act is required by an ordinance the same being such that it may be done as well by an agent as by the principal, such requirement shall be construed as to include all such acts performed by an authorized agent. [Ord. 8700 § 1, 1978].

1.04.020 Grammatical interpretation.

The following grammatical rules shall apply in the ordinances of the city of Bellingham, Washington:

A. Gender. Designation in the form of any gender includes the masculine, feminine and neuter genders.

B. Singular and Plural. The singular number includes the plural and the plural includes the singular.

C. Tenses. Words used in the present tense include the past and the future tenses and vice versa, unless manifestly inapplicable.

D. Use of Words and Phrases. Words and phrases not specifically defined shall be construed according to the context and approved usage of the language. [Ord. 8700 § 2, 1978].

1.04.030 Prohibited acts include causing, permitting, etc.

Whenever in the ordinances of the city of Bellingham, any act or omission is made unlawful, it shall include causing, allowing, permitting, aiding, abetting, suffering, or concealing the fact of such act or omission. [Ord. 8700 § 3, 1978].

1.04.040 Construction.

The provisions of the ordinances of the city of Bellingham, and all proceedings under them are to be construed with a view to effect their objects and to promote justice. [Ord. 8700 § 4, 1978].

1.04.050 Repeal shall not revive any ordinances.

The repeal of an ordinance shall not repeal the repealing clause of such ordinance or revive any ordinance which has been repealed thereby. [Ord. 8700 § 5, 1978].

1.04.060 Right of entry.

Whenever necessary to make an inspection to enforce any provision of this code, or whenever there is reasonable cause to believe that there exists a violation of this code in any building or upon any premises within the city, any authorized official of the city may, upon presentation of proper credentials, enter such building or premises at all reasonable times to inspect the same or to perform any duty imposed upon such official by this code; in accordance with applicable laws. In the event the owner and/or occupant refuses entry, the official is empowered to seek assistance from any court of competent jurisdiction in obtaining such entry. The city may apply for a warrant authorizing entry, upon an affidavit or testimony stating the purpose and authority for the entry. Nothing in this section shall be construed to limit, restrict or otherwise affect the right of officers or agents of the city or any other governmental entity to enter upon private or public property for any lawful purpose. [Ord. 1998-06-035 § 5].