Chapter 11.63
HIGHWAYS AND ARTERIALS

Sections:

11.63.010    “Limited access facility” defined (RCW 47.52.010).

11.63.020    “Existing highway” defined (RCW 47.52.011).

11.63.030    Design of facility – Ingress and egress restricted – Closure of intersecting roads (RCW 47.52.040).

11.63.040    Marking of facility with signs (RCW 47.52.110).

11.63.050    Violations specified – Penalty (RCW 47.52.120).

11.63.060    Traffic devices on county roads and city streets (RCW 47.36.060).

11.63.070    Stop signs, “yield” signs – Duties of persons using highway – Presumption (RCW 47.36.110).

11.63.080    Forbidden devices – Penalty (RCW 47.36.180).

11.63.090    Signs or flagmen at thoroughfare work sites (RCW 47.36.200).

11.63.100    Signs or flagmen at thoroughfare work site – Drivers of vehicles engaged in work must obey signs or flagmen (RCW 47.36.220).

11.63.110    Arterial highways designated – Stopping on entering (RCW 46.61.195).

11.63.120    Stop intersections other than arterial may be designated.

11.63.130    Restrictions on use of controlled-access roadway (RCW 46.61.160).

11.63.140    Arterial street system for trucks (RCW 46.44.080 added).

11.63.010 “Limited access facility” defined (RCW 47.52.010).

For the purposes of this chapter, a “limited access facility” is defined as a highway or street especially designed or designated for through traffic, and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land, or other persons, have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility, or for any other reason to accomplish the purpose of a limited access facility. Such highways or streets may be parkways, from which vehicles forming part of an urban public transportation system, trucks, buses, or other commercial vehicles may be excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary forms of street and highway traffic, including vehicles forming a part of an urban public transportation system. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.020 “Existing highway” defined (RCW 47.52.011).

For the purposes of this chapter, the term “existing highway” shall include all highways, roads and streets duly established, constructed, and in use. It shall not include new highways, roads or streets, or relocated highways, roads or streets, or portions of existing highways, roads or streets which are relocated. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.030 Design of facility – Ingress and egress restricted – Closure of intersecting roads (RCW 47.52.040).

The highway authorities of the state, counties and incorporated cities and towns may so design any limited access facility and so regulate, restrict, or prohibit access as to best serve the traffic for which such facility is intended and the determination of design by such authority shall be conclusive and final. In this connection such highway authorities may divide and separate any limited access facility into separate roadways by the construction of raised curbings, central dividing sections, or other physical separations, or by designating such separate roadways by signs, markers, stripes, and the proper lane for such traffic by appropriate signs, markers, stripes and other devices. No person shall have any right of ingress or egress to, from, or across limited access facilities to or from abutting lands, except at designated points at which access may be permitted by the highway authorities upon such terms and conditions as may be specified from time to time; provided, that any intersecting streets, roads or highways, not made a part of such facility, shall be deemed closed at the right-of-way line by the designation and construction of said facility and without the consent of any other party or the necessity of any other legal proceeding for such closing, notwithstanding any laws to the contrary. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.040 Marking of facility with signs (RCW 47.52.110).

After the opening of any new and additional limited access highway facility, or after the designation and establishment of any existing street or highway, as included the particular highways and streets or those portions thereof designated and established, shall be physically marked and indicated as follows: by the erection and maintenance of such signs as in the opinion of the respective authorities may be deemed proper, indicating to drivers of vehicles that they are entering a limited access area and that they are leaving a limited access area. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.050 Violations specified – Penalty (RCW 47.52.120).

After the opening of any limited access highway facility, it shall be unlawful for any person (A) to drive a vehicle over, upon, or across any curb, central dividing section or other separation or dividing line on limited access facilities; (B) to make a left turn or semicircular or U-turn except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing curb section, separation or line; (C) to drive any vehicle except in the proper lane provided for that purpose and in the proper direction and to the right of the central dividing curb, separation section, or line; (D) to drive any vehicle into the limited access facility from a local service road except through an opening provided for that purpose in the dividing curb, or dividing section or dividing line which separates such service road from the limited access facility proper; (E) to stop or park any vehicle or equipment within the right-of-way of such facility, including the shoulders thereof, except at points specially provided therefor, and to make only such use of such specially provided stopping or parking points as is permitted by the designation thereof; provided, that this subsection shall not apply to authorized emergency vehicles, law enforcement vehicles, or to vehicles stopped for emergency causes or equipment failures; (F) to travel to or from such facility at any point other than a point designated by the establishing authority as an approach to said facility or to use an approach to such facility for any use in excess of that specified by the establishing authority. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon arrest and conviction therefor shall be punished by a fine of not less than $5.00 nor more than $100.00, or by imprisonment in the city or county jail for not less than five days nor more than 90 days, or by both fine and imprisonment. Nothing contained herein shall prevent the highway authority from proceeding to enforce the prohibitions or limitations of access to such facilities by injunction or as otherwise provided by law. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.060 Traffic devices on county roads and city streets (RCW 47.36.060).

Local authorities in their respective jurisdictions shall place and maintain such traffic devices upon public highways under their jurisdiction as are necessary to carry out the provisions of the law or local traffic ordinances or to regulate, warn, or guide traffic. Cities and towns, which as used in this section mean cities and towns having a population of over 15,000 according to the latest federal census, shall adequately equip with traffic devices, streets which are designated as forming a part of the route of a primary or secondary state highway and streets which constitute connecting roads and secondary state highways to such cities and towns. Such traffic devices, signs, signals and markers shall comply with the uniform state standard for the manufacture, display, direction and location thereof as designated by the State Highway Commission. The design, location, erection and operation of traffic devices and traffic control signals upon such city or town streets constituting either the route of a primary or secondary state highway to such city or town or connecting streets to the primary or secondary state highways through the city or town shall be under the direction of the State Highway Commission and if such city or town fails to comply with any such directions, the State Highway Commission shall provide for the design, location, erection, or operation thereof, and any cost incurred therefor shall be charged to and paid from any funds in the motor vehicle fund of the state, which have accrued or may accrue to the credit of such city or town and the state treasurer shall issue warrants therefor upon vouchers submitted and approved by the State Highway Commission. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.070 Stop signs, “yield” signs – Duties of persons using highway – Presumption (RCW 47.36.110).

In order to provide safety at intersections on the state highway system, the Washington State Highway Commission may require persons traveling upon any portion of such highway to stop before entering the intersection. For this purpose there may be erected a standard stop sign as prescribed in the state of Washington Department of Highways’ Manual for Signing. All persons traveling upon the highway shall come to a complete stop at such a sign and the appearance of any sign so located shall be sufficient warning to a person that he is required to stop. A person stopping at such a sign shall proceed through such portion of the highway in a careful manner and at a reasonable rate of speed not to exceed 20 miles per hour. It shall be unlawful to fail to comply with the directions of any such a stop sign; provided, that when the findings of a traffic engineering study show that the condition of an intersection is such that vehicles may safely enter the major artery without stopping, the Washington State Highway Commission or local authorities in their respective jurisdictions shall install and maintain a “yield” sign.

The driver of a vehicle approaching a “yield” sign shall reduce speed or stop if necessary in order to yield the right-of-way to all traffic on the intersecting street which is so close as to constitute an immediate hazard. A motorist proceeding past such a sign with a resultant collision or other interferences with traffic on the intersecting street shall be prima facie evidence that the motorist had not obeyed the sign and yielded the right-of-way as provided by this statute. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.080 Forbidden devices – Penalty (RCW 47.36.180).

It shall be unlawful to erect or maintain at or near a city street, county road or state highway any structure, sign, or device:

A. Visible from a city street, county road or state highway and simulating any directional, warning, or danger sign or light likely to be mistaken for such a sign or bearing any such words as “danger,” “stop,” “slow,” “turn,” or similar words, figures, or directions likely to be construed as giving warning to traffic;

B. Visible from a city street, county road or state highway and displaying any red, green, blue, or yellow light or intermittent or blinking light or rotating light identical or similar in size, shape and color to that used on any emergency vehicle or road equipment or any light otherwise likely to be mistaken for a warning, danger, directional, or traffic control signal or sign;

C. Visible from a city street, county road or state highway and displaying any lights tending to blind persons operating vehicles upon the highway, city street or county road, or any glaring light, or any light likely to be mistaken for a vehicle upon the highway or otherwise to be so mistaken as to constitute a danger; or

D. Visible from a city street, county road or state highway and flooding or intending to flood or directed across the roadway of the highway with a directed beam or diffused light, whether or not the flood light is shielded against directing its flood beam toward approaching traffic on the highway, city street or county road.

Any structure or device erected or maintained contrary to the provisions of this section is a public nuisance, and the Washington State Highway Commission, the Chief of the Washington State Patrol, the county sheriff or the chief of police of any city or town shall notify the owner thereof that it constitutes a public nuisance and must be removed, and if the owner fails to do so, the Washington State Highway Commission, the Chief of the Washington State Patrol, the county sheriff or the chief of police of any city or town may abate the nuisance.

If the owner shall fail to remove any such structure or device within 15 days after being notified to remove such structure or device, he shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.090 Signs or flagmen at thoroughfare work sites (RCW 47.36.200).

When construction, repair or maintenance work is conducted on or adjacent to a public highway, county road, street, bridge or other thoroughfare commonly traveled and when such work interferes with the normal and established mode of travel on such highway, county road, street, bridge or thoroughfare, such location shall be properly posted by prominently displayed signs or flagmen or both. Signs used for posting in such an area shall be consistent with the provisions found in the state of Washington’s Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways obtainable from the Washington State Highway Commission. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.100 Signs or flagmen at thoroughfare work site – Drivers of vehicles engaged in work must obey signs or flagmen (RCW 47.36.220).

Each driver of a motor vehicle used in connection with such construction, repair, or maintenance work shall obey traffic signs posted for, and flagmen stationed at such location in the same manner and under the same restrictions as is required for the driver of any other vehicle. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.110 Arterial highways designated – Stopping on entering (RCW 46.61.195).

A. All state highways are hereby declared to be arterial highways as respects all other public highways or private ways except that the Washington State Highway Commission shall have the authority to designate any county road or city street as an arterial having preference over the traffic on the state highway if traffic conditions will be improved by such action.

B. Those city streets designated by the Washington State Highway Commission as forming a part of the routes of state highways through incorporated cities and towns are hereby declared to be arterial highways as respects all other city streets or private ways.

C. The governing authorities of incorporated cities and towns may designate any street as an arterial having preference over the traffic on a state highway if such change is first approved in writing by the Washington State Highway Commission. The local authorities making such a change in arterial designation shall do so by proper ordinance or resolution and shall erect or cause to be erected and maintained standard stop signs, or “yield” signs, to accomplish this change in arterial designation.

D. The operator of any vehicle entering upon any arterial highway from any other public highway or private way shall come to a complete stop before entering such arterial highway when stop signs are erected as approved by law.

E. The following streets located in the city of Bellingham are made a part of the city’s arterial street system:

10th Street

Donovan Street to Harris Avenue

11th Street

South State Street to Douglas Avenue

12th Street

Mill Avenue to Hawthorne Road

14th Street

South State Street to Harris Avenue

20th Street

Knox Avenue to Taylor Street

21st Street

Donovan Avenue to Bill McDonald Parkway

24th Street

Douglas Avenue to Cody Avenue

25th Street

Douglas Avenue to Bill McDonald Parkway

30th Street

Old Fairhaven Parkway to Lake Samish Drive

32nd Street

Old Fairhaven Parkway to Fielding Avenue

36th Street

Connelly Avenue to South Avenue

37th Street

South Avenue to Harris Street

38th Street

Harrison Street to Broad Street

40th Street

Wilkin Street to Elwood Avenue

Alabama Street

Cornwall Avenue to Dakin Street

Aldrich Road

Northwest Avenue to North City Limits

Bakerview Spur Road

East Bakerview Road to Division Street

East Bakerview Road

East City Limits to Meridian Street

West Bakerview Road

Meridian Street to Allans Road

Bay Street

Chestnut Street to West Champion Street

Barkley Boulevard

Sunset Drive to Britton Road

Bellis Fair Parkway

Meridian Street to Cordata Parkway

Bennett Drive

McLeod Road to North City Limits

Bill McDonald Parkway

Samish Way to 21st Street

Birchwood Avenue

Northwest Avenue to Squalicum Parkway

Boulevard

North State Street to South State Street

Britton Road

North Shore Drive to North City Limits

Broadway Street

West Holly Street to Sunset Drive

Broad Street

38th Street to 40th Street

Cedarwood Avenue

Northwest Avenue to West City Limits

Central Avenue

Roeder Avenue to West Holly Street

Champion Street

Ellis St. to Commercial St. to Grand Ave. to W. Holly St.

Chandler Parkway

Barkley Boulevard to East McLeod Road

Chestnut Street

Bay Street to Ellis Street

Chuckanut Drive

Hawthorne Road to South City Limits

South College Drive

West College Drive to Bill McDonald Parkway

West College Drive

South College Drive to Highland Drive

Commercial Street

Chestnut Street to Young Street

Connelly Avenue

Interstate 5 to 36th Street

Consolidation Avenue

Puget Street to West Pacific Drive

Cordata Parkway

Bellis Fair Parkway to Kellogg Road

Cornwall Avenue

Pine St., Chestnut St., and E. Champion St., to Illinois St.

Cottonwood Avenue

West Maplewood Avenue to West City Limits

Deemer Road

Telegraph Road to Kellogg Road

Division Street

Irongate Road to Hannegan Road

Donovan Avenue

Old Fairhaven Parkway to 32nd Street

Dupont Street

Lottie Street to Broadway

Eldridge Avenue

Broadway to West City Limits

Electric Avenue

Lakeway Drive to Alabama Street

Ellis Street

East Maple Street to York Street

Eliza Avenue

Matanuska Drive to West Kellogg Road

Elm Street

Broadway to Northwest Avenue

Elwood Avenue

Samish Way to 40th Street

Fielding Avenue

32nd Street to I-5 on-ramp southbound

Fieldston Road

Hawthorne Road to Willow Road

Finnegan Way

Douglas Avenue to Mill Avenue

Flora Street

Prospect to Cornwall Avenue

Forest Street

North State Street to North State Street

Fraser Street

Lincoln Street to Woburn Street

F Street

Alabama Street to Roeder Avenue

Garden Street

Ellis Street to 14th Street

Girard Street

Young Street to Broadway

Grant Street

North State Street to Kentucky Street

Hannegan Road

East Sunset Drive to North City Limits

Harris Avenue

12th Street to Marine Park

Harrison Street

37th Street to 38th Street

Hawthorne Drive

12th Street to Fieldston Road

High Street

Oak Street to Highland Drive

Highland Drive

Cedar Street and Garden Street to Knox Avenue

Holly Street

Ellis Street to Broadway

Horton Road

Meridian Street to West City Limits

Illinois Street

James Street to Lynn Street

Indian Street

Ellis Street to Oak Street

Iowa Street

James Street to Woburn Street

Irongate Road

East Bakerview Road to dead end

James Street

Meador Avenue to North City Limits

Kellogg Street

Meridian Street to Cordata Parkway

Knox Avenue

14th Street to 20th Street

Lafayette Street

Eldridge Avenue to Monroe Street

Lake Samish Drive

Chuckanut Drive to City Limits

Lakeway Drive

Ellis Street to City Limits

Lincoln Street

Lakeway Drive to Meador Avenue

Lynn Street

Eldridge Avenue to Northwest Avenue

Magnolia Street

Ellis Street to Champion Street

Maple Street

Cornwall Avenue to North State Street

East Maple Street

Samish Way to Ellis Street

West Maplewood Avenue

Northwest Avenue to City Limits

Meador Avenue

Lincoln Street to State Street

Meridian Street

Broadway to North City Limits

East McLeod Road

Sunset Drive to Northeast City Limits

Monroe Street

Lafayette Street to Meridian Street

North Shore Drive

Alabama Street to City Limits

Northwest Avenue

Elm Street to North City Limits

Ohio Street

Cornwall Avenue to King Street

Old Fairhaven Parkway

I-5 to 12th Street

Orleans Street

Alabama Street to East Sunset Drive

Pacific Street

Iowa Street to Alabama Street

Prospect Street

West Holly Street to Lottie Street

Puget Street

Fraser Street to Consolidation Avenue

Roeder Avenue

Bay Street to Squalicum Way

Samish Way

East Maple Street to Southeast City Limits

Squalicum Parkway

Birchwood Avenue to Ellis Street

Squalicum Way

Roeder Avenue to Meridian Street

South Avenue

36th Street to 37th Street

North State Street

Iowa Street to Boulevard

South State Street

Boulevard to 11th Street

Summer Street

Broadway to Sunset Drive

Sunset Drive

Summer Street to Ellis Street

East Sunset Drive

Ellis Street to Northeast City Limits

Taylor Street

20th Street to 21st Street

Telegraph Road

Meridian Street to Northcentral City Limits

Willow Road

Fieldston Road to Chuckanut Drive

Wilkin Street

40th Street to Samish Way

Woburn Street

Lakeway Drive to Sunset Drive

Woodstock Way

Orleans Street to James Street

Yew Street (North)

Iowa Street to Alabama Street

Yew Street (South)

Lakeway Drive to South City Limits

York Street

Ellis Street to Cornwall Avenue

[Ord. 2006-05-053; Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.120 Stop intersections other than arterial may be designated.

In addition to the points of intersection of any public highway with any arterial public highway which is constituted by law or by any proper authorities of this state or any city or town of this state, the State Highway Commission with respect to state highways, and the proper authorities with respect to any other public highways, shall have the power to determine and designate any particular intersection, or any particular highways, roads or streets or portions thereof, at any intersection with which vehicles shall be required to stop before entering such intersection; and upon the determination and designation of such points at which vehicles will be required to come to a stop before entering such intersection, the proper authorities so determining and designating shall cause to be posted and maintained proper signs of the standard design adopted by the State Highway Commission indicating that such intersection has been so determined and designated and that vehicles entering the same are required to stop. It shall be unlawful for any person operating any vehicle when entering any intersection determined, designated and bearing the sign aforesaid, to fail and neglect to bring such vehicle to a complete stop before entering such intersection. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.130 Restrictions on use of controlled-access roadway (RCW 46.61.160).

The State Highway Commission may by resolution or order, and local authorities may by ordinance or resolution, with respect to any limited access roadway under their respective jurisdictions prohibit the use of any such roadway by funeral processions, or by parades, pedestrians, bicycles or other nonmotorized traffic, or by any person operating a motor-driven cycle.

The State Highway Commission or the local authority adopting any such prohibitory regulation shall erect and maintain official traffic control devices on the limited access roadway on which such regulations are applicable and when so erected no person shall disobey the restrictions stated on such devices. [Ord. 1999-04-020].

11.63.140 Arterial street system for trucks (RCW 46.44.080 added).

A. The following city streets or portions of streets are designated and classified as the arterial street system for truck traffic routes in the city:

1. Bakerview Drive. From Interstate 5 to Hannegan Road, along with any future extension of Bakerview Drive from Hannegan Road to the Mt. Baker Highway (SR 542);

2. Bakerview Spur Road (Bakerview industrial area);

3. Bennett Drive. That part of Bennett Drive lying within the corporate limits of the city, from McLeod Road to the northwestern city limits;

4. Cornwall Avenue – Wharf Street. Cornwall Avenue from Chestnut Street to Pine Street, and Wharf Street from Cornwall Avenue to State Street;

5. Forest Street – York Street. Forest Street from Chestnut Street to York Street, and York Street from Forest Street to State Street;

6. Division Street. That portion of Division Street through the Bakerview industrial area between Hannegan Road and Hammer Drive;

7. Donovan/10th Street/Harris Avenue. The combined corridor of Donovan/10th Street/Harris Avenue to 4th Street;

8. Ellis Street. Ellis Street between York Street and State Street;

9. Forest Street – York Street. Forest Street from Chestnut Street to York Street, and York Street from Forest Street to State Street;

10. Hannegan Road. That portion of Hannegan Road between the Woburn/Sunset intersection and the northern city limits;

11. Iowa Street. From James Street Woburn Street;

12. Irongate Road. That portion of Irongate Road between the East Orchard Drive right-of-way and Bakerview Road, along with any future extension of this industrial road from Bakerview Road to Hannegan Road;

13. Lakeway Drive. That portion of Lakeway Drive from Interstate 5 to the eastern city limits;

14. Maple Street. From Cornwall Avenue to State Street;

15. Meridian Street. From Squalicum Way to the north city limits;

16. Ohio Street. From State Street to Interstate 5;

17. Old Fairhaven (SR11). From Interstate 5 to the intersection of 12th Street with Donovan Avenue;

18. Roeder Avenue – S. Central Avenue – Chestnut Street. Roeder Avenue from Squalicum Way to S. Central Avenue; S. Central Avenue to Chestnut Street; and Chestnut Street to Forest Street;

19. Squalicum Way. From Meridian Street to Roeder Avenue;

20. State Street – Wharf Street. State Street between James Street and Wharf Street;

21. Sunset Drive. That portion of Sunset Drive between Britton Road and Interstate 5; and

22. Woburn Street. That portion of Woburn Street between Sunset Drive and Lakeway Drive.

B. The following city streets or portions of streets are designated and classified as the limited-use arterial street system for truck traffic routes in the city: Boulevard – South State Street – 11th Street – Finnegan Way – 12th Street. Limited to local traffic between the Fairhaven industrial area and the central waterfront, and for local traffic originating on the central waterfront with deliveries in the South Hill, Happy Valley, Fairhaven, South or Edgemoor neighborhoods. Boulevard from Wharf Street to South State Street, South State Street from the Boulevard to 11th Street, 11th Street from South State Street to Finnegan Way, Finnegan Way from 11th Street to 12th Street, and 12th Street from Finnegan Way to Donovan Avenue.

C. The city engineer is authorized and directed to make the necessary map changes and file the same according to law so as to at all times have on file with the property officers of the state and city an up-to-date map showing the arterial street systems for trucks designated by this section.

D. Trucks or other vehicles licensed for 28,000 pounds or over shall restrict their travel upon the other public ways of the city to only make pickups or deliveries of merchandise or freight to points not accessible by a truck route. Such travel off the arterial street system for trucks, including travel to terminals or garages, shall be over the shortest practicable route between the destination and the nearest entrance or exit to the truck route. Travel between multiple pickup and delivery points shall be performed off the arterial street system for trucks only where the distance traveled off the truck route will be shorter between such points than the off-route distance required to return to the truck route and reach the next destination by way of another exit. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed so as to permit trucks to exceed load limitations otherwise provided for. [Ord. 2006-05-054; Ord. 1999-04-020].