Chapter 20.08
DEFINITIONS

Sections:

20.08.010    Generally.

20.08.020    Specific definitions.

20.08.010 Generally.

A. These definitions apply to all terms used in the various development handbooks and the city of Bellingham comprehensive plan.

B. For the purposes of this title, unless it is plainly evident from the context that a different meaning is intended, certain words and terms are herein defined.

C. Words used in the present tense include the future, words in the singular include the plural and vice versa.

D. The word “shall” is mandatory and not discretionary.

E. Words not herein defined shall be construed as defined in the adopted building code of the city of Bellingham.

F. Words not defined in either shall be construed as defined within Merriam Webster’s Third (or latest) Edition English language dictionary.

G. Variances from these definitions shall not be granted. [Ord. 9024, 1982].

20.08.020 Specific definitions.

“Abut” means touching along a common border or point.

“Accessory building” means a separate and subordinate structure, the use of which is incidental to that of the main building located on the same lot. If the roof and wall of the accessory building is a continuation of the roof and wall of the main building, the accessory building shall be considered as part of the main building and shall meet all requirements of a main building. However, in no case shall an accessory building be considered attached and therefore part of a main building if the attachment is only by a covered but unenclosed breezeway.

“Accessory dwelling unit” means a second, subordinate dwelling unit for use as a complete, independent dwelling with permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation.

A. “Attached accessory dwelling unit” means an accessory dwelling unit located within or attached to a single-family residence. To be considered attached the roof and wall of the accessory dwelling unit must be an extension of the roof and wall of the existing single-family residence. In no case shall the attachment be made through an unenclosed structure.

B. Detached Accessory Dwelling Unit. No new accessory dwelling unit may be located within a detached structure. Unpermitted detached accessory dwelling units existing prior to January 1, 1995, may be permitted. Approval shall be consistent with the accessory dwelling unit regulations and process outlined in BMC 20.10.035. The detached accessory dwelling unit shall be reviewed using the building code in place at the time its owner brings the unit forward for permit.

“Accessory use” means a use customarily incidental and subordinate to and located on the same lot with the main use.

“Adaptive use” means any approved use, generally not permitted within the area’s land use classification, which occurs or will occur in a landmark building recognized as such by the city council.

“Adult entertainment” means any of the following:

A. “Adult arcade” means an establishment to which the public is permitted or invited where, for any form of consideration, one or more still or motion picture projectors, slide projectors, or similar machines, or other image producing machines, arranged or situated for viewing from the image produced thereby by five or fewer persons each, are regularly used to show films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides or other photographic reproductions, which are characterized by the depiction of “specified sexual activities” or “specified anatomical areas.”

B. “Adult cabaret” means a nightclub, bar, restaurant, theater, hall, studio, or similar commercial establishment, whether or not alcoholic beverages are served, which regularly features persons who appear nude or live performances which are characterized by the exposure of “specified anatomical areas” or by “specified sexual activities.”

C. “Adult motion picture theater” means a commercial establishment which does not fall within the definition of adult arcade, where, for any form of consideration, films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides, or similar photographic reproductions, which are characterized by the depiction of “specified anatomical areas” or “specified sexual activities” are regularly shown.

“Adjacent” means lying near to, in close proximity of, or abutting.

Agricultural Nursery. See “Nursery, agricultural.”

“Alley” means a public right-of-way less than 30 feet but greater than 10 feet for use by pedestrians, vehicles, public utilities, and/or other necessary public functions, but which affords only a secondary means of access to abutting property.

“Advertising device” means an on-premises sign advertising foods, services, or products available on the same property.

“Animal hospital” means a facility for care, treatment and temporary housing of small animals.

“Area” means a portion of a neighborhood which has a separate land use classification designation within the comprehensive plan.

“Arterial, designated” means a street declared by the city council as an “arterial” by ordinance or resolution.

“Automotive wrecking” means the dismantling or wrecking of one or more motor vehicles or trailers; or the storage, sale, or dumping of dismantled or wrecked vehicles or their parts.

Art School.

A. Definition. A facility that provides instruction in the arts (drawing, painting, sculpture), art crafts, music, theater, or dance. This term does not include instruction in martial arts, sports, gymnastics and similar activities.

B. Conditional in the residential single and multi, and neighborhood commercial general use types.

C. Special Requirements. Noise levels from the facility shall not exceed state noise standards in WAC 173-60-040 as amended, or city noise standards as may be adopted.

Babysitting. See “Day care.”

“Banners” means any graphic device of lightweight fabric or similar material that has received a permit from the city to be temporarily suspended over a public right-of-way. Banners are not off-premises signs or billboards.

“Bed and breakfast facilities” means a single-family residence with not more than two rooms let as transient housing. For the purpose of this section, a transient shall be defined as a person who stays for a period not to exceed two weeks. Accommodations may include limited food service for guests.

“Billboard” means a legally established, changeable copy sign of at least 140 square feet in area, visible from the public right-of-way, and rented to various advertisers. A billboard is anchored to the ground by permanent posts, requires a building permit for construction, and is allowed only in the billboard overlay zones.

“Billboard, back-to-back” means a billboard structure supporting two board faces parallel with ends aligned.

“Billboard cap” means the maximum number of billboard structures and faces allowed within the city of Bellingham: 55 billboard faces and 30 billboard structures. The total number of billboard structures and faces within the city of Bellingham shall be increased by the number located within an area which is annexed; provided, that the billboards were in existence on the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter. See Figure 16 of this section for the locations and descriptions of all billboards within the city of Bellingham.

“Billboard face” means the flat portion or portions of a billboard containing advertising and molding which is visible from any public place. The calculation of the area of the face of the billboard excludes the structure, safety devices, and cut-out extensions. Molding size may be increased to no more than five percent of the total billboard face size to provide a permanently blank frame around the edge of the billboard face. Single or multiple billboard faces attached to one billboard structure shall be no more than 300 square feet in area as legible from any one place. The location of billboard faces, as existing on the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter, is identified in Figure 16 of this section.

Billboard Overlay Zones. Billboards may be located only in the billboard overlay zones as described in this section and Figure 15 of this section. The billboard overlay zones are divided into two areas, relocation and maintenance:

A. Relocation Areas. Billboards may be located in and relocated to these areas, provided the billboard cap is not exceeded. Billboards in these areas may be reconstructed if they conform with this code after reconstruction. Billboards may not be relocated to an area outside of the relocation areas.

B. Maintenance Areas. Billboards may not be relocated into or within these areas. Existing billboards may remain on the same site and be reconstructed if they satisfy regulations after reconstruction. Structurally damaged billboards must be repaired within six months of being damaged. Billboards within these areas may be relocated to a relocation area.

C. Billboards are prohibited outside of the billboard overlay zones, described above. Existing billboards shall be removed within 90 days of the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter. The owner of a billboard outside of an overlay zone may obtain a relocation permit only within 90 days of the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter. If no relocation permit is obtained for a billboard in a prohibited area within this time period, the structure and faces shall be removed from the cap and the billboard cap shall be reduced accordingly.

“Billboard, side-by-side” means a billboard structure supporting two parallel billboard faces, which face in the same direction.

“Billboards, side-by-side, back-to-back” means a billboard structure with four billboard faces, two of which face in the opposition direction of the other two and are immediately adjacent to or actually adjoining each other.

“Billboard, single-faced” means a billboard structure with one billboard face.

“Billboard structure” means the foundation and framework which supports billboard faces. A billboard structure is a single, independent unit. The location of existing billboard structures within the city of Bellingham is identified in Figure 16 of this section.

“Billboard, ‘V’” means back-to-back or side-by-side, back-to-back billboards which are attached at one end of the structure but are separate at the other end, forming a widening gap between the back of the billboard faces.

“Board” means the board of adjustment, or hearing examiner if one has been substituted by ordinance, of the city of Bellingham.

“Boarding and rooming house” means a structure used for the purpose of providing lodging or lodging and meals, for persons other than those under the “family” definition. This term includes dormitories, cooperative housing and similar establishments but does not include hotels, motels, medical care facilities or bed and breakfast facilities.

“Building” means a structure having a roof supported by columns or walls used for supporting or sheltering a use of any kind.

Building, Accessory: See “Accessory building.”

“Buildable area” means the land described within the required setbacks of a lot where a main building could be located pursuant to the restrictions of the ordinance codified in this chapter without a variance. (See also site area.)

Building, Main. See “Main building.”

Building Site. See “Site area.”

“Carport” means an accessory building lacking exterior walls on at least three sides.

Child Care Facility. See “Service care, child care facility.”

“Child placing agency” means an agency which places children for temporary care, continued care, or for adoption.

“Church” means a building used primarily for religious worship.

Clearing. When used in the context of a “special condition,” this term shall refer to the city’s land clearing ordinance.

Cluster (Lots). As used within the RS general use type, “cluster” shall refer to a lot or lots that may have less site area than that which is otherwise required, but which maintains the same overall density due to the provision of common open space. (See Figure 3 of this section.) Unless the area is designated cluster detached or cluster attached, buildings constructed upon cluster lots must meet standard setback requirements unless abutting open space.

Cluster Attached. When used in conjunction with the RS general use type, this term shall refer to a cluster lot upon which is, or may be, constructed a single-family dwelling unit. This dwelling unit may be constructed such that it shares a common wall with a main structure on an abutting cluster lot under conditions specified herein. (See Figure 5 of this section.)

Cluster, Detached. When used in conjunction with the RS general use type, this term shall refer to a cluster lot upon which is, or may be, constructed a single-family dwelling unit. This dwelling unit cannot be physically connected in any manner to another main building on an abutting lot, but may utilize a zero interior side yard under conditions specified herein. In no case shall the exterior wall of main buildings on cluster detached lots be closer than 10 feet to each other. (See Figure 4 of this section.)

“Co-housing” means a residential development on one contiguous parcel of land, designed by and developed for members of an existing co-housing organization in which members of the co-housing organization will own and reside. A co-housing development shall consist of at least five residential dwelling units and shall be operated as a condominium, co-op or similar form which allows for individual ownership of each dwelling unit. It shall also include one or more common structures containing a shared kitchen, library, computer room, laundry, greenhouse, play area or other common residential facilities for use by the residents.

“Co-housing dwelling unit” means an individual dwelling unit within a co-housing development that is privately owned.

“Co-housing organization” means a legal development entity, during development and construction of a co-housing project, that transforms into a legal residential association upon completion of the development and subsequent occupation of the dwelling units. Membership of the association is open only to owners of dwelling units in the development.

“Commercial recreation” means land and/or building which is used for recreational activities by the general public or whose membership is not restricted to persons residing within a specific area, which normally operates with the intent of monetary gain. Such facilities shall include, but not necessarily be limited to, tennis and/or racquetball courts, bowling lanes, pool or billiard parlors, health and exercise spas, golf driving ranges, and miniature golf courses. Specifically excluded from this definition are neighborhood club and activity centers and golf course facilities as herein defined.

“Commission” means the planning and development commission of the city of Bellingham.

“Common household pet(s)” means a domesticated animal of ordinary species that lives, or is commonly known to be capable of living, within the confines of a home. Animals not considered to be common household pets include but are not necessarily limited to the following: horses, cows, goats, sheep, swine, donkeys, and any endangered or exotic species.

“Common wall” means a wall shared by another dwelling unit.

“Community public facilities” means the following government owned or operated facilities generally designed to serve the local area of Bellingham: fire stations, police stations and court facilities (but not jails or correctional institutions), stormwater detention facilities, branch libraries, transit stations, park and ride lots, water storage facilities and parks, trails and playgrounds.

Concurrently Approved. When used in conjunction with the RS general use type, this term shall describe either of the two following situations:

1. When plans for construction on two or more cluster lots are submitted and reviewed for the purpose of receiving simultaneous building permits in order to take advantage of certain regulatory options.

2. When plans are submitted for construction on a single cluster lot with the notarized signature of approval from all owners of abutting lots upon which the regulatory options would infringe.

“Conditional use” means a use, so listed in the appropriate section, which because of its unusual size, infrequent occurrence, special requirements, possible safety hazards, or other possible detrimental effects on surrounding properties, may be approved only by the board after a public hearing.

“Confidential shelter” means a place of temporary refuge, offered on a 24-hour, seven-day-per-week basis to victims of domestic violence and their children. “Domestic violence” is a categorization of offenses, as defined in RCW 10.99.020, committed by one cohabitant against another.

Corner Lot. See “Lot; corner.”

“Correctional facility” means a public or private-contracted facility for pretrial detention and long-term detention of criminally committed persons. A correctional facility under this definition includes adult and juvenile detention facilities and work release detention facilities, but does not include “Secure community transition facilities,” as defined in this section, or uses allowed under the definition of “Service care” of this section.

“Council” means the city council of the city of Bellingham.

“County” means Whatcom County of the state of Washington.

Coverage, Lot. See “Lot coverage.”

“Crematory” shall mean a furnace or place of incineration of remains, whether human or animal.

“Cul-de-sac” means a street right-of-way intersecting another street right-of-way at one end and which terminates with a permanent vehicular turnaround at the other end. Dead-end streets or right-of-way planned for future extension shall not be considered a cul-de-sac.

“Cut-out extension” means an appendage on a billboard which is no larger than 45 square feet, existing only for the lifetime of the sign graphic.

“Day care” means the supervised nonmedical care of people for periods less than 24 hours. There are three day care subcategories. The care of up to 12 children under the age of 12 years, including children who reside at the home, supervised by the occupant of the residence and licensed as a “family child care home” by the state of Washington shall be regarded as an accessory use requiring no permits. All day care facilities, including family day care homes, shall comply with state regulations and licensing requirements. Day care does not include transitional facilities intended to provide rehabilitation or social adjustment.

A. “Mini-day center” means the care of more than 12 children, including children who reside at the home, conducted by the occupant within their residence. A mini-day center shall be regarded as a home occupation (no temporary permits).

B. “Day center” means the care of children within a nonresidential facility.

C. “Adult day care” means the care of not more than 10 elderly adults within a residential structure not requiring a license from the state of Washington.

“Day treatment center” means a facility which provides care, supervision, and appropriate therapeutic and educational services during part of a 24-hour day to children under the age of 18 years who are unable to adjust to regular or special school programs or full time family living because of disruptive behavior, family stress, learning disabilities or other serious, emotional or social handicaps.

Density. A term used within the neighborhood plans to regulate the intensity of development which may legally occur upon property within an area. Density regulates development according to one of the following three criteria:

A. Density may designate the amount of lot area required per dwelling unit.

B. Density may designate the minimum lot size.

C. Density may designate the maximum floor area size for retail establishments in auto, neighborhood, or planned commercial areas.

“Design review” means the process described in Chapter 20.25 BMC.

Detached. When used in conjunction with the RS general use type, the term shall mean an individual dwelling unit located within the property lines of the building site and not physically connected in any way with any other dwelling unit. New RS detached housing must satisfy all standard building regulations. See Figure 2 of this section.

“Discretionary permit” means a permit issued following approval by the board of adjustment (such as a conditional use permit or a variance), the planning commission or city council (such as approval of a subdivision application, a rezone application, or approval pursuant to the planned or institutional district regulations).

“Director” shall refer to the department head charged with the responsibility of enforcing the zoning ordinance.

“District-specific utilities” means utilities deployed on a district scale that may include but are not limited to energy sources, district heating and cooling, and nonpotable water systems. Installation and administration of these utilities may be undertaken by the city, or, when approved by the city, by a site developer, a private utility provider, or public-private partnership.

Door Section. When used in the context of the optional building regulations within the residential multi general use type, a door section shall mean a swinging door together with the adjacent wall within four feet.

“Drinking establishment” means an establishment or any part thereof where alcoholic beverages are sold and consumed on the premises.

“Duplex” means a building designed and arranged exclusively for occupancy by two families living independently of each other in separate dwelling units.

“Dwelling unit” means a single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one family including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation.

“Eating establishment” means an establishment or any part thereof where prepared food is sold, but not alcoholic beverages.

“Ecology Manual” means the Washington State Department of Ecology “Stormwater Management Manual for Western Washington” as currently adopted or hereafter modified. The LID Guidance Manual shall be considered a portion of this manual.

“Essential public facility” means public facilities that may be difficult to site, but are considered essential for the community and are included under RCW 36.70A.200 and the types of public facilities that Bellingham may consider to be essential public facilities under BMC 20.17.020. Essential public facilities under this definition are facilities, conveyances, or sites that are: (A) used to provide services to the public; (B) delivered by government agencies, private or nonprofit organizations under contract to or with substantial funding from government agencies, or private firms or organizations subject to public service obligations; and (C) necessary to adequately provide a public service.

“Existing grade” means the natural or legally created grade approved by the city prior to August 1, 2002, or as subsequently approved by a preliminary plat, planned development or binding site plan. If buildings are demolished, the existing grade at their exterior walls shall be construed as the existing grade across the remaining foundation excavation. On any lot exhibiting evidence of fill not authorized, the building official or director may require the applicant to provide a professional soil analysis to determine the existing grade. An approved benchmark shall be used to establish the relative elevation of the natural topography. In commercial and industrial general use types, if walls are parallel to, and within five feet of a city sidewalk, the mean sidewalk elevation shall be considered the existing grade.

“Family” means one or more persons related by blood, marriage, or adoption, or not more than three unrelated persons, living together within a single dwelling unit. For purposes of this definition, children with familial status within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. 3602(k) and individuals with disabilities within the meaning of 42 U.S.C. 3602(h) will not be counted as unrelated persons. “Adult family homes,” as defined by RCW 70.128.010, are included within the definition of “family.” Facilities housing individuals who are incarcerated as the result of a conviction or other court order shall not be included within this definition.

“Feasible” means the design criteria, limitations, and infeasibility criteria for each LID BMP as described in the Ecology Manual.

Floor Area or Space.

A. General. The sum of the total floor area of the floor(s) of a building measured from the exterior face of the exterior walls or from the centerline of a wall separating two buildings, including elevator shafts and stairwells on each floor, and areas having a floor to ceiling height of seven feet or more, but excluding all parking and loading areas, unroofed areas, roofed areas open on two or more sides, and any space where the floor to ceiling height is less than seven feet.

B. Single-Family Development.

1. Main Residential Building. For the purpose of determining the maximum size of a main residential building in Chapter 20.30 BMC, Residential Single Development, total floor area shall include the sum of the gross horizontal area of the floor(s) of the building, measured from the exterior faces of the exterior walls, including elevator shafts and stairwells on each floor and including attached garages, but excluding unroofed areas and roofed areas open on two or more sides.

2. Accessory Residential Building. For the purpose of determining the maximum size of accessory residential buildings in Chapter 20.30 BMC, Residential Single Development, total floor area shall include the sum of the gross horizontal area of the floor(s) of the building, measured from the exterior faces of the exterior walls, including elevator shafts and stairwells on each floor, garages, and areas having a floor to ceiling height of six feet or more, but excluding unroofed areas, roofed areas open on two or more sides, and any space where the floor to ceiling height is less than six feet.

C. Retail Establishments. Individual retail establishments meeting the provisions of BMC 20.10.025 shall be calculated per BMC 20.10.025(B).

“Floor area ratio (FAR)” means the total floor area of the building(s) on a site divided by the site area. For the purposes of calculating FAR, all floor area with ceiling height not more than three feet above the adjacent finished ground level is excluded.

Foster Home. See “Service care.”

Freeway-Oriented Sign. See “Sign, freeway-oriented.”

“Garage, private” means an accessory building or a portion of the main building other than a carport used or intended to be used for the parking or storage of motor vehicles.

“Garage, public” means any building or portion thereof that is used for the care, repair, equipping or storage of motor vehicles, or where such vehicles are kept for hire, rent or sale.

General Use Type. A term used within the land use classification system of the various neighborhood plans to designate a basic grouping of permitted uses.

“Golf course facility” means a publicly or privately owned facility devoted primarily to golf. It may include a clubhouse, eating or drinking facilities and other recreational or social activities such as tennis, horseback riding, and outdoor recreation. Sleeping facilities other than quarters for one caretaker or manager (and family) shall be prohibited.

“Hard surface” means an impervious surface, a permeable pavement, or a vegetated roof.

Height, Building – (Either).

A. Definition 1. The vertical distance from the lowest existing grade at the wall of the building to the highest point of the coping of a flat roof or to the average height of the highest gable of a pitch or hip roof; or

B. Definition 2. The vertical distance measured from the highest existing grade on the building site within 20 feet (measured horizontally) of the building to the highest point on the coping of a flat roof or the average elevation of the highest gable of a pitch or hip roof. See Figure 6 of this section.

User note: Properties within the jurisdiction of the shoreline master program are also regulated by the height limits as defined in the shoreline master program.

“Home occupation” means an occupation carried on within the main residential building by the occupant thereof consistent with the provisions of BMC 20.10.045.

“Home occupation; exempt” means a home occupation which can be considered an accessory use and permitted outright. Exempt home occupations shall be limited to those which involve only bookkeeping for a business conducted elsewhere, shall have no outward manifestation of the business and shall have no customers or employees coming to the home.

Hospital. See “Medical care facility.”

“Hotel” means a building, other than a motel, providing lodging with or without meals for the public and especially for temporary guests, but which does not have cooking facilities in individual rooms.

Interior Lot. See “Lot, interior.”

“Institution of higher education” means an institution of higher education where instruction is given which is not required to be taught by the State Board of Education. This term includes vocation, trade and correspondence schools, academies, colleges, and universities.

“Junkyard” means any lot or structure where waste, discarded or salvaged materials are exchanged, stored or handled, but excluding the following which shall not be considered junkyards: pawn shops, second-hand stores, used furniture stores, establishments salvaging paper and rags when all activity and storage is conducted wholly within an enclosed building, and establishments for the sale of used motor vehicles and machinery which are in operative condition.

“Kennel” means a building or lot other than an animal hospital where any number of animal(s) are kept and/or maintained for board, breeding, training or treatment for payment.

“Landmark building” means a structure recognized as historic or architecturally significant and so designated by the city as part of the landmark ordinance, if any.

Landscape. The term, as used within the landscaping section, shall mean the installation of an inclusive combination of trees, shrubs and ground cover within a defined bed area. A minimum of one tree is required per bed or one tree for every 300 square feet of required landscape area, whichever is greater. Fractions shall be rounded to the higher whole number. (See Figure 9 of this section.)

“Landscape-based LID BMPs” means distributed stormwater management practices, integrated into a project design, that emphasize predisturbance hydrologic processes of infiltration, filtration, storage, evaporation and transpiration. Landscape-based LID BMPs are a subset of LID BMPs and include, but are not limited to, bioretention, rain gardens, and vegetated roofs. Design specifications for each BMP are listed in the Ecology Manual. When placed adjacent to streets, they shall not conflict with street tree requirements, unless stated otherwise in this title.

“Landscape structure” means a fence, wall, trellis, statue or other landscaping or ornamental object used within a landscaped area as part of the landscape design.

“Live/work unit” means a combination working studio and dwelling unit consisting of a room or suite of rooms for uses consistent with the underlying zoning.

“Lot” means a parcel of land of at least sufficient size to meet minimum requirements for development of an allowed use pursuant to the applicable regulations for the area in which it is located. Such lot shall abut a street or cul-de-sac and may consist of either:

A. A single lot of record;

B. A portion of a lot of record; legally divided;

C. A parcel of land described by metes and bounds, legally divided;

D. A combination of adjacent and contiguous lots of record and/or parcels of land legally divided or consolidated.

“Lot, corner” means a lot which abuts on two or more intersecting streets or cul-de-sacs at their point of intersection. (See Figure 8 of this section.)

“Lot coverage” means the percent of a lot or parcel which is, or will be, covered by all buildings located thereon. Lot coverage consists of all building areas covered by a weather-tight roof or overhang, except eaves that are four feet or less in width.

“Lot, interior” means a lot having frontage on one street or cul-de-sac only. (See Figure 8 of this section.)

“Lot line” means the outermost edge or boundary of a lot.

A. Front.

1. For an interior lot, the front lot line shall be that lot line which abuts the street right-of-way.

2. For a corner lot, the front lot line shall be that lot line(s) which abuts a designated arterial. If neither or both street is a designated arterial, the builder/owner shall have the option of selecting which lot line shall be the front lot line; the other lot line abutting the intersecting street shall become a flanking street side lot line. (See Figure 8 of this section.)

3. For a through lot, both lot lines which abut a street right-of-way shall be considered the front lot line.

B. Rear. All lot lines which do not qualify as either front or side lot lines.

C. Side. Any lot line which intersects a front lot line.

Lot Line; Zero. See “Zero lot line.”

“Lot of record” means a lot as shown on an officially approved and recorded plat, short plat, or subdivision, or a parcel of land recorded with the county auditor prior to August 17, 1964.

“Lot, through” means a lot, other than a corner lot, which abuts upon two streets. (See Figure 8 of this section.)

“Main building” means the principal building on a lot designed or used to accommodate the primary use. When more than one building on the lot is devoted or used for the primary use, each such building shall be considered a main building.

“Maneuvering area” means the area located behind a parking space and meant to be used to accommodate the automobile in entering, turning around and exiting the parking lot.

“Manufactured home” means a residential structure built in one or more sections for towing to the use site which is not built to Uniform Building Code Standards, but which may be built to other state or federal construction standards for manufactured housing, and has a minimum living area of 320 square feet. See also “Manufactured home – designated.”

“Manufactured home – designated” means a single-family dwelling unit constructed after June 15, 1976, in accordance with state and federal requirements for manufactured homes, which:

A. Is comprised of at least two fully enclosed parallel sections each of not less than 12 feet wide by 36 feet long;

B. Was originally constructed with and now has a composition or wood shake or shingle, coated metal, or similar roof with not less than a 3:12 pitch; and

C. Has exterior siding similar in appearance, as determined by the director, to siding materials commonly used on conventional site-built single-family dwellings built under the Uniform or International Building Code.

“Median strip” means a paved or planted strip dividing a highway into lanes according to direction of travel.

“Medical care facility” means establishments, licensed by the state of Washington, which provide care to the elderly, sick, and disabled. These centers include hospitals, sanitariums, nursing homes, congregate care facilities, extended care centers, convalescent homes and similar institutions. Doctor and dentist offices, day care and service care facilities are explicitly not permitted under this definition.

“Mini-storage” means a building or group of buildings which contain individual, compartmentalized and controlled access stalls and lockers for the self service of nonutilized storage of the customer’s goods or wares.

Mini-Center. See “Day care, mini-day center.”

Mixed Use.

A. Use Qualifier. The term when used as a use qualifier shall indicate a use that is permitted outright when included in a neighborhood plan’s land use classification system.

B. Generally. When there are two or more main uses operating on one building site.

“Motel” means a building or group of buildings containing rooms where lodging with or without meals is provided for compensation. Cooking facilities may be installed, provided no more than 10 percent of the motel units contain complete cooking facilities, and cooking facilities in the remaining units are limited to a “countertop range” with no oven. Motels shall be designed to accommodate the automobile tourist or transient; daily maid service shall be provided, and parking facilities must be provided convenient to each guest room.

“Multiple-family dwelling unit” means a building or portion thereof, designed for or occupied by three or more families living independently in separate dwelling units.

“Neighborhood” means a specific section of the city whose boundaries are delineated within the comprehensive neighborhood plans.

“Neighborhood club/activity center” means land and/or building(s) used by a nonprofit group or organization for social, civic, educational, or recreational purposes which primarily serves the neighborhood in which it is located. Occasional banquets and special events are permissible; however, operation of eating and drinking establishments not associated with such banquets shall be prohibited.

“Neighborhood plan” means one of the 22 neighborhood plans adopted as part of the comprehensive plan of the city of Bellingham pursuant to Ordinance No. 8868.

“Nonconforming building” means a structure which was lawfully erected or altered and maintained, but because of the application of this chapter no longer conforms to the zoning requirements of the use type in which it is located.

“Nonconforming sign” means any existing sign, legally erected, which no longer conforms with the regulations of this title.

“Nonconforming use” means an activity conducted in a structure or upon a tract of land that was legally established but because of the application of this title no longer conforms to the use regulations of the use type in which it is located.

“Nude” or “state of nudity” means the appearance of less than completely and opaquely covered human buttock, anus, pubic region, male genitals, female genitals, or the female breast below a point immediately above the top of the areolae.

“Nursery, agricultural” means an establishment where trees, shrubs, vines and other plant stock are grown, propagated, and/or stored for the purpose of sale or wholesale.

“Office” means a use within a building where services of a clerical, professional, or medical nature are rendered and where the retail sale of goods within said structure is nonexistent or incidental to the primary use. Uses shall include the following:

A. Banks and other financial institutions; except those which provide automotive drive up service.

B. Other financial establishments such as stock brokerages, security exchanges, investment companies, etc.

C. Insurance establishments, including carriers, agents and brokers.

D. Real estate offices.

E. Law offices.

F. Medical offices (all types related to human health care).

G. Advertising agencies.

H. Consumer credit reporting and collection agencies.

I. Computer and data processing service establishments.

J. Detective agencies.

K. Management, consultant and public relation service establishments.

L. Membership organizations, such as labor union, chamber of commerce.

M. Engineering, architectural, and surveying services.

N. Accounting and bookkeeping services.

O. Public offices.

P. Travel agencies.

Q. Uses similar to the above.

Off-Premises Sign. See “Sign, off-premises.”

“Open space” means land which is free of buildings or impervious surfacing.

A. “Common open space” means open space usually shared in ownership amongst property owners within the same subdivision or home association, and usually located in a central, easily accessible area.

B. “Passive open space” means all common open space not meeting the definition of usable space, including, but not limited to, critical areas and their associated buffers, vegetated roofs, and landscape-based LID BMPs.

C. “Private open space” means open space usually owned or controlled by an individual property owner and usually located within the individual’s lot lines.

“Owner occupied” means the property owner, one who holds legal or beneficial title to the real estate, including a contract purchaser, must make his or her legal residence at the site. In order to be a resident the property owner must reside at the site. At no time shall rent be collected for the owner occupied unit.

“Park/playground, public” means land owned by and open to the public used for purposes of pleasure, relaxation, exercise, amusement or ornament.

“Parking facility (nonretail)” means land area or structure devoted to the temporary parking or storage of motor vehicles for which a fee is not charged and where no service or repairs of any kind are furnished. Lots used for the sale or rental of cars shall not be included in this definition.

“Parking facility (retail)” means land area or structure devoted to the temporary parking or storage of motor vehicles for which a fee may be charged but where no service or repairs of any kind are furnished. Lots used for the sale or rental of cars shall not be included in this definition.

“Parking, off-street” means an area devoted to the parking of cars and located within the boundaries of a lot. (See Figures 10, 11 and 12 of this section.)

“Parking, open” means parking areas which are not covered by a roofed structure of any kind.

“Parking space” means an area within a building or on a piece of property of a size and location sufficient to meet the minimum zoning requirements used for the temporary storage of a motor vehicle.

Pets, Common Household. See “Common household pet(s).”

“Planned district” means the property described and zoned as part of an ordinance described in BMC 20.04.050(D)(2) or adopted pursuant to the procedures contained in the planned or institutional district regulations.

“Principal use” means the primary use of a particular piece of property.

“Private club or lodge” means land and/or building that is privately owned and normally restricted from use by the general public and operated as an assembly area by and for a nonprofit organization, society, lodge, fraternity, yacht club or similar entity. The facility may feature eating, drinking, dancing or similar activities.

“Public utility” means a use owned or operated by a public or publicly licensed or franchised agency which provides essential public services such as telephone exchanges, electric substations, radio and television stations, gas and water regulation stations and other facilities of this nature. Wireless communication facilities as defined herein are not included in this definition.

“Recreational vehicle” means a residential structure, under 320 square feet in area, designed for recreational camping or travel uses, built on a single chassis and designed for highway travel on its own running gear, with or without motive power. Included are camping trailers, travel trailers, truck campers and motor homes.

“Recreational vehicle storage lot” means a lot designated and approved as such by the city council, pursuant to subdivision approval, used for the storage of boats, trailers and recreational vehicles owned by inhabitants of the subdivision.

“Recycling collection center” means a premises used for the collection of bottles, cans, newspapers and other small recyclable materials normal to residential waste. Processing, other than preparation of the materials for transportation to a processing center, is prohibited.

“Reduced parking overlay district” means an area of modified parking requirements as specified in BMC 20.12.010(B)(2). (See Figure 1 of this section.)

Restaurant. See “Eating establishment” and/or “Drinking establishment.”

“Riding academy” means a use devoted to the training and/or exercise of horses.

“Right-of-way” means land dedicated to the city for purposes of public circulation and/or utilities.

“Roundabout” means a road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island.

“School” means an institution of learning, whether public or private, which offers instruction in those courses of study required by the Washington Education Code or which is maintained pursuant to standards required by the State Board of Education. This definition includes a nursery school, kindergarten, elementary school, junior high school, senior high school or any special institution of education, but it does not include “art schools” or “institutions of higher education” as defined herein.

Screen. The term, as used within the landscaping section, shall mean a strip of land not less than five feet in width which is occupied by a continuous wall, or fence plant material, or combination of both; which shall be at least six feet in height at time of installation. The plant material shall be evergreen and spaced not more than three feet on center if pyramidal in shape, or not more than five feet if wider in branching habit. If the plant material is used in conjunction with a wall or fence meeting the minimum height requirements, then said material can be of any kind and spacing. (See Figure 9 of this section.)

Secure Community Transition Facility (SCTF). As per RCW 71.09.020, “secure community transition facility” means a residential facility for persons civilly committed and conditionally released to a less restrictive alternative under this title. A secure community transition facility has supervision and security, and either provides or ensures the provision of sex offender treatment services. Secure community transition facilities include but are not limited to the facility established pursuant to RCW 71.09.250(1)(a)(i) and any community-based facilities established under this title and operated by the secretary or under contract with the secretary.

“Senior citizen housing” means a housing development in which all dwelling units are to be occupied by a person or persons who (a) meet the minimum age requirement for “housing for older persons” contained in Section 3607(b) of the Federal Fair Housing Act, as amended, or are at least age 55, whichever is the higher age, or (b) are disabled or handicapped regardless of age, and (c) their domestic partners and/or live-in caregivers who need not be 55 years of age or older and/or disabled.

“Service care” means a group residence licensed by the state operated with full-time supervision for housing resident persons who, by reasons of their mental or physical disability, addiction to drugs or alcohol or family and social adjustment problems, require a transitional nonmedical treatment program for rehabilitation and social readjustment. For the purposes of this title, a nonmedical treatment program consists of counseling, vocational guidance, training, group therapy and other similar rehabilitative services but does not include drug and/or alcohol detoxification. Monitoring the taking of prescription medication shall be permitted. The use of medication by any resident shall be incidental to that person’s residence in the facility and shall not be a criterion for residence in the facility. Programs providing alternatives to imprisonment, including prerelease, work-release and probationary programs which are under the supervision of a court, state or local agency are included in this definition. Residences occupied by persons qualifying under the definition of “family” and “secure community transition facilities” are excluded from this definition.

“Service station” means a retail establishment for the sale on the premises of motor vehicle fuel and other petroleum products and automobile accessories, and for the washing, lubrication, and minor repair of automotive vehicles. Such definition does not include the sale of motor vehicles or trailers.

“Shopping center” means a grouping of retail and/or service establishments located on a contiguous site designed and built as a unit or organized as a unified and coordinated shopping area.

“Sidewalk” shall mean a publicly owned, hard surfaced pedestrian circulation facility constructed to the standards of the city located within the public right-of-way.

“Sign” means any communication device, structure, or fixture which is visible from any public right-of-way or publicly owned property intended to aid the establishment in question in promoting the sale of a product, goods, service or other activity using graphics, symbols, or written copy.

“Sign, freeway-oriented” means a sign which is or will be erected upon property abutting the freeway.

“Sign, off-premises” means any sign other than a banner or billboard, defined above, which advertises an establishment, merchandise, service, goods, or entertainment which is sold, produced, manufactured or furnished at a place other than on the property on which said sign is located.

“Sign, real estate” means a portable sign erected by the owner, or his agent, advertising the real estate upon which the sign is located for rent, sale or lease.

“Sign, specific service” means a sign placed in the public rights-of-way for the purpose of directing motorists to business locations originally displayed on the freeway.

“Sign, temporary building” means a sign erected and maintained on the premises undergoing construction.

“Site area” means the measured square footage of any lot, or contiguous number of lots, or parcels of land to be utilized by a single development.

“Specified anatomical areas” means any of the following:

A. Less than completely and opaquely covered human genitals, pubic region, buttocks, anus, or female breasts below a point immediately above the top of the areolae; or

B. Human male genitals in a discernibly turgid state, even if completely and opaquely covered.

“Specified sexual activities” means any of the following:

A. The fondling or other intentional touching of human genitals, pubic region, buttocks, anus, or female breasts; or

B. Acts of human sex, actual or simulated, including intercourse, oral copulation, or sodomy; or

C. Human masturbation, actual or simulated; or

D. Excretory functions as part of or in connection with any of the activities set forth in subsections (A) through (C) of this definition.

“Story” means that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above. If the finished floor level directly above a basement, cellar, or unused under-floor space is more than six feet above grade, as defined in the building code adopted by the city, for more than 50 percent of the total perimeter or is more than 12 feet above grade as defined at any point, such basement, cellar or unused under floor space shall be considered a story.

“Street” means a right-of-way having a width of 30 feet or more which provides the principal means of access to abutting property. Any residential access street within the city of Bellingham’s Lake Whatcom watershed shall also have the meaning and standards required in BMC 13.04.075.

“Street, through” means a street which intersects with another street at both ends.

“Total floor area or space” means the sum of the floor space of all the buildings on a building site.

“Useable space” means an area meeting minimum requirements of this title, which is used by the resident(s) of the site for leisure or recreational purposes. Usable space may be either “common” or “private” usable space but cannot be located on a grade in excess of 10 percent. Usable space is intended to provide either active exercises or entertainment or a restful atmosphere for its users. Such space if at ground level shall as a minimum consist of:

A. Walkways, patios, courtyards, decks, or a turfed area; or

B. Benches, cots, hammocks, or similar devices, the number of which shall reflect the number of intended users; or

C. Space equipped to provide recreational opportunities; and

D. “Landscaping,” as defined herein, at the boundaries and interior spaces as appropriate; and

E. LID facilities, meaning low impact development (LID) facilities designed in accordance with the Ecology Manual for the on-site management and treatment of stormwater, including, but not limited to, bioretention areas, rain gardens, permeable pavement, rainwater harvesters, and vegetated roofs.

“Use qualifier” means a term used within the land use classification system of the various neighborhood plans to designate specific permitted uses within a general use type, or, in the case of residential single development, to designate the availability of optional development regulations.

“Variance” means a modification of the regulations of this title granted pursuant to procedure and standards contained herein.

“Vision clearance triangle” means an area which abuts two intersecting streets where buildings, structures and landscaping are restricted in order to maintain a clear range of vision for the purpose of traffic safety. (See Figure 7 of this section.)

“Walkway” shall mean a hard surfaced pedestrian facility located on private property which is physically or visually separated from vehicular traffic facilities.

Wall of Trees. The term’s intended purpose, as used within the landscaping section, is to provide a sight, sound, and psychological barrier between land uses with a high degree of incompatibility, whether real or perceived. The “wall of trees” shall be installed within a strip of land not less than 25 feet in width. Trees shall be evergreen (coniferous), at least 10 feet in height at planting, staggered within the full width of the area, and spaced not more than 10 feet on center from any other tree. (See Figure 9 of this section.)

“Wall to property line ratio (WPR)” means the length of a continuous wall/window section of the main building in comparison with the length of the adjacent lot line. (See Figure 13 of this section.) Building wall length cannot exceed the stated ratio except when:

A. There is a physical separation between building walls within one site of at least 15 feet. (See Figure 13A of this section.)

B. The wall is continued with an increased setback (or decreased setback if) of at least four feet. (See Figure 13B of this section.)

C. The wall is recessed or extended (if permissible) for a length not less than 12 feet, and returns to its original or new building line. Such access or extension must be at least four feet from original building line. (See Figure 13C of this section.)

Window Section. When used in the context of the residential multi optional building regulations, a “window section” shall mean all transparent and clear material, exclusive of skylights, opaque windows, or windows not installed parallel to the lot line but rather angled at least 45 degrees, together with the adjacent wall structure within 10 feet. (See Figure 14 of this section.)

“Wireless communications facilities” shall mean the site, wireless communications support structures, antennas, accessory equipment structures, and appurtenances used to transmit, receive, distribute, provide or offer wireless communications services. Wireless communications facilities include, but are not limited to, antennas, poles, towers, cables, wires, conduits, ducts, pedestals, vaults, buildings, electronic and switching equipment.

“Wireless communications service,” or “personal wireless communications service” shall mean the sending and receiving of radio or microwave signals used for communication, including, but not limited to cellular telephone, personal communications services (PCS), enhanced/specialized mobile radio (ESMR), commercial paging services, and any other technology which provides similar wireless services licensed by the FCC and unlicensed wireless services.

“Yard” means a minimum depth of open space which lies between a lot line and an object being required to be set back. Building eaves or decks may penetrate into yards.

A. “Front yard” means a yard extending across the full width and lying adjacent to the front lot line.

B. “Side yard” means a yard extending from the front yard to the rear yard except in the case of a corner lot when the side yard on the flanking street shall extend to the rear property line.

C. “Rear yard” means a yard which extends across the full width and lying adjacent to the rear lot line except as provided above in the side yard definition.

Zero Lot Line. A term which means that no minimum interior side yard is required on a lot so designated.

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 1

(Repealed by Ord. 2014-09-049.)

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 2

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 3

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 4

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 5

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 6

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 7

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 8

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 9

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 10

When required, wheel stops shall be located two feet (2') back from the head of the parking stall.

a

b

c**

d

e

f

b'

c'**

28'

8'

12'

22'

8'

 

 

45°

45'

16.5'

12'

12'

8.5

40.5'

14.25'

60°

51.5'

18'

15.5'

9.8'

8.5'

48.5'

16.5'

75°

55'

18'

19'

8.8'

8.5'

54'

17.5'

90°

56'

17'

22'*

8.5'

8.5'*

56'

17'

*    For every inch of additional stall width, the aisle width (including wall to wall bay width) may be reduced by 3 inches. At no time shall the maneuvering aisle be less than 20 feet wide.

**    When adjacent to landscaping, parking stall length may be reduced up to 2', provided that stall is designed for car to overhang landscaping area.

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 11

When required, wheel stops shall be located two feet (2') back from the head of the parking stall.

a

b

c**

d

e

f

b'

c'**

36'

8'

20'

22'

8'

 

 

45°

53'

16.5'

20'

12'

8.5'

48.5'

14.25'

60°

56'

18'

20'

9.8'

8.5'

53'

16.5'

75°

56'

18'

20'

8.8'

8.5'

55'

17.5'

90°

56'

17'

22'*

8.5'

8.5'*

56'

17'

*    For every inch of additional stall width, the aisle width (including wall to wall bay width) may be reduced by 3 inches. At no time shall the maneuvering aisle be less than 20 feet wide.

**    When adjacent to landscaping, parking stall length may be reduced up to 2', provided that stall is designed for car to overhang landscaping area.

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 12

    Note: When adjacent to landscaping, parking stall length may be reduced up to two feet, provided that stall is designed for car to overhang landscaping area.

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 13

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 14

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 15, Exhibit A

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 15, Map 1

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 15, Map 2

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 15, Map 3

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 15, Map 4

BMC 20.08.020 – Figure 15, Map 5

Figure 16 – Billboard Location List

Abbreviations:

3-M

=

3-M National, Billboard Owner

Ack

=

Ackerly Communications, Billboard Owner

BB

=

Back-to-back sign with two faces

BB/SS

=

Back-to-back, side-by-side sign with four faces

Dyn

=

Dynamic Sign Company, Billboard Owner

Sou

=

Sound Beverage, Billboard Owner

SF

=

Single-faced and single-sided sign with one face

SS

=

Side-by-side sign with two faces

Note: All directions and distances are approximate.

Location

Number of Sides/Faces

Owner

A.

Easterly Corner, Holly and “G”; 1012 Holly

BB/2 E and W faces

3-M

B.

Dupont/Whatcom Creek/Lottie, W of 316 Lottie

SS/2 Facing S

3-M

C.

NW Corner, Champion and Unity, S of 207 Unity

BB/2 E and W faces

3-M

D.

NW Corner, Champion and Unity, S of 111 Unity

SF/1 Facing S

3-M

E.

NW Corner, Unity and Champion, W of 102 W. Champion

SF/1 Facing E

3-M

F.

West of State and York, N of 1511 State

BB/2 E and W faces

3-M

G.

South of SE corner of State and York, S of 1530 N. State

SS/2 Facing N

3-M

H.

SE corner State and Champion; N of 1422 N. State, W of 310 Champion

SF/1 Facing N

Ack

I.

SE corner State and Champion; N of 1422 N. State, W of 310 Champion

SF/1 Facing N

Ack

J.

Parallel to the NE wall of 1213 N. State

SF/1 Facing N

3-M

K.

SE corner State and Chestnut; N of 1146 N. State, W of 310 Chestnut

SF/1 Facing N

3-M

L.

NW corner of Maple and Railroad; SW of 1105 Railroad

BB/2 E and W faces

3-M

M.

NE corner of State and Laurel; W of 1000 N. State

SF/1 Facing N

3-M

N.

SW corner of Berry and State; N of 807 N. State

SF/1 Facing N

3-M

O.

NW corner of Ivy and Boulevard; S of 807 N. State

SF/1 Facing S

3-M

P.

NW corner of Forest and Holly; E of 311 E. Holly

SF/1 Facing S

3-M

Q.

NW corner of Forest and Holly; E of and parallel with 311 E. Holly

SS/2 Facing E

3-M

R.

N of 1421 N. Forest between Magnolia and Champion

SF/1 Facing S

3-M

S.

S of 1909 Cornwall between New and Halleck

BB/2 N and S faces

3-M

T.

NE corner of Ohio and Ellis, S of 1910 Ellis

BB/2 E and W faces

3-M

U.

NW corner of Ohio and Grant, S of 427 Ohio

BB/2 E and W faces

Sou

V.

State/Ohio/Humboldt; N of 1819 N. State

BB/2 N and S faces

3-M

W.

SE corner of Iowa and Pacific; W of 1410 Iowa

BB/2 E and W faces

3-M

X.

NE corner of James and Kentucky; N of 2100 James

BB/2 N and S faces

3-M

Y.

SE corner of James and Carolina; S of 2228 James

BB/2 N and S faces

3-M

Z.

SE corner of Old Fairhaven Parkway and 30th

SS/2 Facing W

Dyn

AA.

SW corner of Meridian and Horton; N of 4575 Meridian

BB/SS/4 2 N and 2 S faces

Ack

BB.

4549 Meridian

BB/SS/4 2 N and 2 S faces

Dyn

CC.

North of 4370 Meridian

SS/BB/“V”/4 2 S and 2 N faces

Dyn

DD.

North of 4444 Meridian

BB/2 2 N faces

Dyn

Style/Number of Faces

 

Ownerships (Number of structures)

SF/1

=

11

 

3-M:

22

 

BB/2

=

24

 

Ack:

3

 

SS/2

=

08

 

Dyn:

4

 

BB/SS

=

12

 

Pvt:

1

 

Totals

 

55

 

 

30

 

BILLBOARDS IN THE URBAN FRINGE:

AS OF THE EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE ORDINANCE CODIFIED IN THIS CHAPTER

Location

Number of Sides/Faces

Owner

EE.

SE corner of Waldron and Meridian; Whatcom County CUP No. 40-88

BB/SS/4 2 facing N, 2 facing S

Dyn

FF.

E of 1063 W. Bakerview; W of Home Road; Whatcom County CUP No. 17-88

BB/2 E and W faces

Dyn

GG.

4512 Meridian; NE corner VanWyck Road and Meridian

SS/2 Facing N

Dyn

HH.

4512 Meridian; NE corner VanWyck Road and Meridian

SS/2 Facing S

Dyn

BILLBOARDS IN THE CITY OF BELLINGHAM AND THE URBAN FRINGE

Faces

Structures

Total: 65

34

[Ord. 2017-03-009 § 15; Ord. 2014-09-049 §§ 27 – 29; Ord. 2013-12-090 § 6; Ord. 2011-08-042; Ord. 2011-07-035; Ord. 2010-12-077; Ord. 2009-08-047; Ord. 2008-03-022; Ord. 2006-07-068; Ord. 2006-03-018; Ord. 2005-06-048; Ord. 2003-03-010; Ord. 2002-07-047; Ord. 2002-06-038; Ord. 2002-06-045 §§ 1, 6, 12; Ord. 2002-03-017; Ord. 2001-07-049; Ord. 2000-04-006; Ord. 1998-11-088; Ord. 1998-08-062; Ord. 1998-07-057; Ord. 1998-05-033 § 1; Ord. 1998-05-032 § 1; Ord. 10674 §§ 1 – 6, 1995; Ord. 10643 §§ 2, 3; 1995; Ord. 10528 §§ 1 – 4, 1994; Ord. 9698 § 1, 1987; Ord. 9639 § 1, 1987; Ord. 9620 § 1, 1986; Ord. 9582 § 1, 1986; Ord. 9545 § 1, 1986; Ord. 9253 §§ 1, 2, 1983; Ord. 9173 § 2, 1983; Ord. 9024, 1982].