Chapter 20.08
COMMUNITY RISK REDUCTION (CRR)

Sections:

20.08.010    Fire district.

20.08.020    Community risk reduction – Establishment, duties.

20.08.030    Fire code official – Appointment.

20.08.040    Fire department access roads and fire lanes.

20.08.050    Adoption of the International Fire Code.

20.08.060    International Fire Code – Definitions.

20.08.070    Permit requirements – Additional to those required in fire code.

20.08.080    Amendments to the 2015 International Fire Code.

20.08.090    Permit and inspection fees.

20.08.100    Plan review – Fees.

20.08.110    Violation – Penalties.

20.08.010 Fire district.

The entire area encompassed within the boundaries of the city, as those boundaries are presently defined, plus any area or areas added to the city by annexation, less any area which is removed from the city limits by statutory reduction of city limits procedures, is established as a fire district. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.020 Community risk reduction – Establishment, duties.

The International Fire Code (IFC) shall be enforced by the community risk reduction – code compliance division in the fire department of the city, which is established and which shall be operated under the supervision of the chief of the fire department. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2124 § 4 (Exh. D), 2013; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.030 Fire code official – Appointment.

The fire code official in charge of the community risk reduction shall be appointed by the chief of the fire department on the basis of examination to determine his or her qualifications. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2124 § 4 (Exh. D), 2013; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.040 Fire department access roads and fire lanes.

Designation and marking of fire lanes shall be governed by the following provisions:

A.    Fire Department Access Roads, International Fire Code 2015 Definition:

1.    Access during construction, alteration or demolition of a building shall be as approved by the fire code official.

EXCEPTIONS:

a.    Angles of Approach and Departure. The angles of approach and departure for fire apparatus access roads shall be within the limits established by the fire code official based on the fire department’s apparatus.

b.    Marking. Where required by the fire code official, approved signs or other approved notices or markings that include the words “NO PARKING – FIRE LANE” shall be provided for fire apparatus access roads to identify such roads or prohibit the obstruction thereof. The means by which fire lanes are designated shall be maintained in a clean and legible condition at all times and be replaced or repaired when necessary to provide adequate visibility. Fire lanes shall be designed and constructed as identified in the City of Bothell Design and Construction Standards and Specifications.

B.    Fire Lanes. Designation and marking of fire lanes shall be governed by the following provisions:

1.    Designation by Fire Code Official. The fire code official is granted authority to designate all or a portion of any roadway, driveway, alleyway, parking lot or other means of vehicular ingress or egress to business, commercial or multifamily structures, whether such ingress or egress is publicly or privately maintained, as a fire lane in the manner set forth in this section.

2.    Criteria for Designation. Selection of areas to be designated as fire lanes shall be discretionary with the fire code official and shall be based upon the requirements of the specific site for access by fire, police and other emergency equipment.

3.    Notification of Designation. Upon determining that an area should be designated as a fire lane, the fire code official shall notify the owner, or other person or organization having control of said area, of the designation and of the action required to give notice of the designation by painting, posting of signs, symbols or otherwise. The fire code official shall consult with the city attorney before determining by what means notice of the fire lane designation shall be given.

4.    Owner to Mark Fire Lanes. The owner or other person or organization having control of the area designated as a fire lane shall, within 14 days after being advised of the fire lane designation, give notice of said designation by painting, posting signs, symbols or such other method as directed by the fire code official. The cost of giving notice and maintaining the same shall be borne by the owner or other responsible party.

5.    Appeal of Designation. Any person aggrieved by the designation of a fire lane pursuant to this section may appeal said designation to the city council by filing a written notice of appeal with the city clerk within 10 days of issuance of notice of the designation pursuant to subsection (B)(3) of this section. The unexpired portion of the 14-day period established by subsection (B)(4) of this section for marking the area designated as a fire lane shall be suspended until a final determination on the appeal has been rendered by the city council.

6.    Parking in Fire Lane Prohibited. No vehicle shall be parked on, or in such a manner as to obstruct, any portion of any roadway, driveway, alleyway, parking area or other means of vehicular ingress or egress designated as a fire lane by the fire code official pursuant to this section when reasonable notice of the designation has been given by signs, painting, symbols or other means.

7.    Penalty for Violations. Any person who fails to mark or maintain the marking of a designated fire lane as prescribed in subsection (B)(4) of this section or who parks a vehicle in, or who allows a vehicle to be parked in, or who obstructs, or who allows a vehicle to obstruct a designated fire lane in violation of subsection (B)(6) of this section shall be deemed to have committed an infraction, punishable by a fine of $150.00. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2126 § 5, 2013; Ord. 2124 § 4 (Exh. D), 2013; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.050 Adoption of the International Fire Code.

The International Fire Code, 2015 Edition (hereinafter “IFC”), as published by the International Code Council, Inc., all of the appendices except D and J and together with the state amendments set forth in full, subject to the amendments, additions and deletions set forth in this chapter, are hereby adopted by reference. One copy of these codes and regulations has been and is on file with the city clerk for public inspection; provided, that the purpose of this code is not to create or otherwise establish or designate any particular class or group of persons who will or should be especially protected or benefited by the terms of this code. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2124 § 4 (Exh. D), 2013; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.060 International Fire Code – Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following words and phrases have the meanings ascribed to them in this section:

A.    Wherever the word “jurisdiction” is used in the IFC, it means the city of Bothell.

B.    Whenever the words “governing body” are used in the IFC, they mean the city council of the city of Bothell.

C.    Wherever a term is undefined in this chapter, or in the IFC adopted herein, such term shall have its ordinary meaning as set forth in the latest edition of “Webster’s International Dictionary of the English Language” (unabridged edition).

D.    Whenever the words “fire code official” are used in the IFC, they mean the fire code official or his designee.

E.    Whenever the words “fire chief” are used in the IFC, they mean the chief of the fire department.

F.    Whenever the designation “R-3” is used, it shall also mean one- and two-family dwellings as identified by the International Residential Code. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2124 § 4 (Exh. D), 2013; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.070 Permit requirements – Additional to those required in fire code.

The city manager, the fire chief and fire code official shall act as a committee to determine and specify, after giving affected persons an opportunity to be heard, any new materials, processes or occupancies which shall require permits, in addition to those now enumerated in the code. The fire code official shall post such list in a conspicuous place in his or her office and distribute copies thereof to interested persons. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.080 Amendments to the 2015 International Fire Code.

The 2015 IFC, adopted by this chapter, is amended as follows:

1.    Amend subsection 102.7, Referenced codes and standards.

The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be those that are listed in Chapter 80. Such codes and standards shall be considered part of the requirements of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference as determined or modified by the fire code official. Where differences occur between the provisions of this code and the referenced standards, the provisions of this code shall apply.

Point of Information

When allowed by the Fire Code official editions of standards not herein referenced may be utilized provided the entire standard is utilized.

2.    Add a new Section 105.6.47, Radioactive materials.

A Hazardous Materials operational permit will be required to store or handle at any installation more than one (1) microcurie (37,000 becquerel) of radioactive material not contained in a sealed source or more than one (1) millicurie (37,000,000 becquerel) of radioactive material in a sealed source or sources, or any amount of radioactive material for which a specific license from the Nuclear Regulatory Commission is required.

3.    Add a new Section 105.6.49, Positive alarm sequence.

An operational permit is required to operate a Positive Alarm Sequence Account (PAS) as prescribed in NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) 72.

4.    Add a new Section 105.6.50, Operational permit.

An operational permit is required to operate an in building radio system.

5.    Amend Section 107.6, Overcrowding.

Overcrowding or admittance of any person beyond the approved capacity of a building or a portion thereof shall not be allowed. The fire code official, upon finding any overcrowding conditions or obstructions in aisles, passageways or other means of egress, or upon finding any condition which constitutes a life safety hazard, shall be authorized to direct actions be taken to reduce the overcrowding or to cause the event to be stopped until such condition or obstruction is corrected.

6.    Amend Section 307.1.1, Prohibited open burning.

Open burning shall not be conducted at any time in compliance with a permanent ban on open burning established by the Puget Sound Air Pollution Control Agency in September of 1992.

Point of Information

For air quality and burn ban status information and regulations contact the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency at www.pscleanair.org or (206) 689-4088.

7.    Amend Section 308.3, Group A occupancies.

Open-flame devices shall not be used in a Group A occupancy.

Exceptions:

1. Open-flame devices are allowed to be used in the following situations, provided approved precautions are taken to prevent ignition of a combustible material or injury to occupants:

1.1. Where necessary for ceremonial or religious purposes in accordance with Section 308.1.7.

1.2. On stages and platforms as a necessary part of a performance in accordance with Section 308.3.2.

1.3. Where candles on tables are securely supported on substantial noncombustible bases and the candle flames are protected.

2. Heat-producing equipment complying with Chapter 6 and the International Mechanical Code.

3. Gas lights are allowed to be used provided adequate precautions satisfactory to the fire code official are taken to prevent ignition of combustible materials.

4. Where approved by the Fire code official.

8.    Amend subsection 314.4, Vehicles.

Liquid- or gas-fueled vehicles, fueled equipment, boats or other motorcraft shall not be located indoors except as follows:

1. Batteries are disconnected.

2. Fuel in fuel tanks does not exceed one-quarter tank or 5 gallons (19 L) (whichever is least).

3. Fuel tanks and fill openings are closed and sealed to prevent tampering.

4. Vehicles, boats or other motorcraft, or fueled equipment are not fueled or defueled within the building.

9.    Section 507.5.1, Where required.

Where a portion of the facility or building hereafter constructed or moved into or within the jurisdiction is more than 150 feet (45.7 m) from a hydrant on a fire apparatus access road, as measured by an approved route around the exterior of the facility or building, on-site fire hydrants and mains shall be provided where required by the fire code official.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies, the distance requirement shall be 300 feet (91.5 m).

2. For Group R-3 and Group U occupancies equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.2 or 903.3.1.3, the distance requirement shall be 600 feet (183 m).

10.    International Fire Code Section 510 added – Emergency Responder Radio Coverage. The International Fire Code is amended to read as follows:

510.1 Emergency responder radio coverage in new buildings. Approved radio coverage for emergency responders shall be provided with buildings meeting any of the following conditions:

1. There are more than five stories above grade plane (as defined by the International Building Code, Section 202);

2. The total building area is 50,000 square feet or more;

3. The total basement area is 10,000 square feet or more;

Or

4. There are floors used for human occupancy more than 30 feet below the finish floor of the lowest level of exit discharge.

Radio coverage is based upon the existing coverage levels of the public safety communication systems of the jurisdictions at the exterior of the building. This section shall not require improvements of the existing public safety communication system.

New Subsection 510.4.2.4 Signal Booster Requirements. If used, signal boosters shall meet the following requirements:

1. All active signal booster components shall be contained in a (NEMA) 4, IP66 -type waterproof cabinet or equivalent.

2. The battery system shall be contained in a (NEMA) 4, IP66-type waterproof cabinet or equivalent.

3. The system shall include automatic alarming of malfunctions of the signal booster and battery system. Any resulting trouble alarm shall be automatically transmitted to an approved central station or proprietary supervising station as defined in NFPA 72 or, when approved by the fire code official, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location.

4. Equipment shall have FCC certification prior to installation.

510.5.3 Acceptance Test procedure. Acceptance testing for an in-building radio amplification system is required, upon completion of installation. It is the building owner’s responsibility to have the radio system tested by qualified personnel to ensure a minimum of 95% two-way coverage on each floor of the building.

A report shall be submitted to the Bothell Fire Department at the conclusion of acceptance testing containing a floor plan and the signal strengths at each location tested and other relevant information. A representative of the Bothell Fire Department may oversee the acceptance test. Acceptance testing is also required whenever changes occur to the building that would materially change the original field performance test. The test procedure shall be conducted as follows:

510.3.3.1 Testing Criteria. Each floor of the building shall be divided into a grid of approximately forty (40) equal areas. A maximum of two (2) nonadjacent areas will be allowed to fail the test. In the event that three (3) of the areas fail the test, the floor may be divided into eighty (80) equal areas in order to be more statistically accurate. In such event, a maximum of four (4) nonadjacent areas will be allowed to fail the test. After the eighty (80) area tests, if the system continues to fail, the building owner shall have the system altered to meet the 95% coverage requirement.

1. Each floor of the building shall be divided into a grid of approximately forty (40) equal areas.

2. Shall use a two (2) watt, portable transceiver with speaker/microphone, and flexible antenna (or any calibrated device which will produce signal levels useable by the prescribed portable radio). Field strength testing instruments must have been calibrated within one (1) year of the date of the acceptance test. Field strength testing instruments must be of the frequency selective type incorporating a flexible antenna similar to the ones used on the hand held transceivers. City Radio System Manager may designate alternate methods of measuring the signal level, which satisfy appropriate levels of public safety coverage.

3. A maximum of two (2) nonadjacent areas will be allowed to fail the test.

4. In the event that three (3) of the areas fail the test, the floor may be divided into eighty (80) equal areas in order to be more statistically accurate. In such event, a maximum of four (4) nonadjacent areas will be allowed to fail the test. After the eighty (80) area tests, if the system continues to fail, the building owner shall have the system altered to meet the 95% coverage requirement.

5. A spot located approximately in the center of a grid area will be selected for the test, then the radio will be keyed to verify two-way communication to and from the outside of the building through the Regional 800 MHz. Radio System. Once the spot has been selected, prospecting for a better spot within the grid area is not permitted. The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured and the results kept on file with the building owner so that the measurements can be verified each year during the annual tests. In the event that the measurement results become lost, the building owner will be required to rerun the acceptance test to reestablish the gain values.

6. The gain values of all amplifiers shall be measured and the test measurement results shall be kept on file with the building owner so that the measurements can be verified during annual tests. In the event that the measurement results become lost, the building owner shall be required to rerun the acceptance test to reestablish the gain values.

7. As part of the installation a spectrum analyzer or other suitable test equipment shall be utilized to ensure spurious oscillations are not being generated by the subject signal booster. This test shall be conducted at time of installation and subsequent annual inspections.

Subsection added 510.5.5 Approval Prior to Occupancy.

A Certificate of Occupancy will not be issued to any structure if the building fails to comply with Section 510.

Subsection added 510.6.4 Identification.

Radio Coverage system shall be identified by a sign located on or near the Fire Alarm Control Panel stating “This building is equipped with an Emergency Responder Radio Coverage System.”

11.    Section 903.2, Where required.

Approved automatic sprinkler systems in new or remodeled buildings and structures shall be provided in the locations described in this section and Chapter 20.10 BMC. If there is a conflict between this chapter and Chapter 20.10 BMC, the most restrictive requirement shall apply.

12.    Amend Section 5307.5.2, Emergency alarm system.

An emergency alarm system shall comply with all of the following:

1. Continuous gas detection shall be provided to monitor areas where carbon dioxide can accumulate.

2. The threshold for activation of an alarm shall not exceed 5,000 parts per million (9,000 mg/m3).

3. Activation of the emergency alarm system shall initiate a local alarm at the entrance to the room or area in which the system is installed.

13.    Section 6104.2 is hereby amended to read as follows:

Maximum capacity within established limits:

Throughout the City limits, the aggregate capacity of any one installation of liquefied petroleum gas shall not exceed five hundred (500) gallons water capacity. This capacity limit may be increased up to, but not to exceed, two thousand (2,000) gallons water capacity if the installation is not within, or closer than, 100 feet of a residential zone and must be approved by the fire code official. In any case, all of the International Fire Code requirements for the size of tank in question must be met.

EXCEPTION: In the event of annexation, existing installations exceeding five hundred (500) gallons water capacity, but not exceeding two thousand (2,000) gallons water capacity, shall be allowed to continue. Those installations exceeding two thousand (2,000) gallons water capacity shall be allowed to continue for a period of two (2) years from the effective date of annexation. After such time, the container over two thousand (2,000) gallons water capacity shall be emptied in the manner provided by law and removed from service. The container must be lawfully removed from the site within thirty (30) days.

14.    Section 5604.1 is amended to read as follows:

Section 5604.1 General. Storage of explosives and explosive materials, small arms ammunition, small arms primers, propellant-actuated cartridges and smokeless propellants in magazines shall conform to the provisions of this section. The storage of Blasting Agents, Detonators, Explosives, Explosive Materials and Special Industrial Explosive Devices is prohibited within the city limits.

EXCEPTION: Approved storage areas in law enforcement facilities and as otherwise provided in the Bothell Municipal Code.

(Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2124 § 4 (Exh. D), 2013; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.090 Permit and inspection fees.

A.    Inspection Fees. There is hereby established an inspection fee for:

1.    Each initial fire and life safety inspection performed by the fire department in all Group A, B, E, F, H, I, M, R, S and U occupancies; and

2.    The inspection of buildings with multiple tenant spaces, of all common areas, fire protection equipment and exit systems. Said fee shall be in an amount as established from time to time by resolution of the city council.

    EXCEPTION:    All Group R, Division 3 occupancies and one- and two-family dwellings as defined in the city’s fire code, and used solely as a single-family residence or as a single-family residence with a permitted home occupation under the Bothell Municipal Code, shall be exempt from this fee.

B.    Operational Permits. All operational permits issued pursuant to the city’s fire code shall be valid for the period specified thereon. All permits required by the city’s fire code may be renewed, by application to the city, during the 30 days preceding expiration. Permit fees and permit renewal fees shall be in an amount as established from time to time by resolution of the city council, which may be amended from time to time.

    EXCEPTION:    Fire hydrant use permits shall be issued by the public water purveyor except that during fire flow tests the fire department will charge a fee as identified in the city’s fee schedule.

C.    Construction Permits. All International Fire Code construction permits issued by the city of Bothell shall automatically expire at the same time as any associated building permits, or not more than two years from the date of issuance. Permit fees shall be in an amount as established from time to time by resolution of the city council, which may be amended from time to time, except that permits issued by community risk reduction, that are not associated with a building permit, will expire as noted on the face of the issued permit. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2124 § 4 (Exh. D), 2013; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.100 Plan review – Fees.

A.    No building or structure requiring a permit under Chapter 20.02 BMC shall be erected, constructed, enlarged, converted or moved unless or until the fire department has reviewed and approved plans as submitted to the building official.

    EXCEPTION:    Group R-3 occupancies and one- and two-family dwellings which are used solely as a private residence(s) and Group U occupancies which are not accessible to the public. If a fire sprinkler system is required, a plan review fee for that system will be charged as identified in the city’s fee schedule.

B.    Fees.

1.    When a plan or other data are required to be submitted by this section, a plan review charge established by resolution of the city and based on the gross building floor area as defined in the International Building Code shall be paid at the time of submitting plans to the building department for review. Plan reviews for fire suppression and detection systems shall be based upon the fee schedule adopted by the city.

2.    In the case of an existing building or structure to which alterations, remodeling or improvements are being made, the plan review charge shall be applied only to that portion of the building or structure being altered, remodeled or improved. Occupancies or buildings that have had a change in use shall be reviewed as a new occupancy or building and shall pay the appropriate review fees for such.

C.    Expiration of Plan Review. Applications for which no permit is issued by the building official within one year following the date of application shall expire by limitation unless extended by action of the building official. In order to renew action on an application after expiration, the applicant shall resubmit plans and pay a new plan review fee. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).

20.08.110 Violation – Penalties.

A.    Any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter or who fails to comply therewith, or who violates or fails to comply with any order made thereunder, or who builds in violation of any detailed statement of specifications or plans submitted and approved thereunder, or any appeal that has been taken, or who fails to comply with such an order as affirmed or modified by the city council or by a court of competent jurisdiction within the time fixed in this chapter or as otherwise required by law shall be guilty of a misdemeanor for each and every such violation and noncompliance respectively, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished as set forth in BMC 1.24.010. The imposition of a penalty for any violation shall not excuse the violation or permit it to continue; and all such persons shall be required to immediately correct or remedy such violations or defects. Unless otherwise specified, each day a violation is maintained or a failure to comply continues constitutes a separate offense.

B.    The application of the penalty designated in subsection A of this section shall not be held to prevent the enforced removal of prohibited conditions. (Ord. 2191 § 4 (Exh. D), 2016; Ord. 2052 § 4 (Exh. D), 2010; Ord. 1986 § 3, 2007; Ord. 1926 § 6, 2004).