Chapter 19.34
OFF-STREET PARKING—LOADING REQUIREMENTS

Sections:

19.34.010    User guide.

19.34.020    Required off-street parking.

19.34.030    Nonspecified or accessory uses.

19.34.040    Number of spaces—Fractions.

19.34.050    Bench or pew seating.

19.34.060    Location of off-street parking.

19.34.070    Modification of parking requirements.

19.34.080    Parking area design and construction.

19.34.090    Off-street loading requirements.

19.34.100    Maintenance.

19.34.010 User guide.

This section contains information about off-street parking and loading areas and related improvements. This section also describes a method for determining the off-street parking requirements for unspecified uses, and a provision for requesting a modification of parking requirements. To determine the parking requirement for a specific use within a specific zone, you should review Table No. 34-1 in Section 19.34.020 of this chapter. (Ord. 2397-99 § 48, 1999: Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.020 Required off-street parking.

A.    Every building hereafter constructed, reconstructed, expanded or occupied, or use of property hereafter established or modified, shall be provided with off-street parking in accordance with the requirements of this title, as listed in Table No. 34-1, or as otherwise provided by this chapter when not specifically listed in Table No. 34-1. The number of parking spaces stated shall be the minimum required. Where parking requirements are based upon square footage of a building, the gross floor area of the building shall be used. See Section 22.020.E for off-street parking requirements in the B-3 zone. See Section 25.010.C for parking requirements in the C-2ES zone. See Section 31A.030.B.2 for parking requirements for residential uses in the BMU zone. See Section 31B.040.B for parking requirements for residential uses in the MUO zone.

TABLE No. 34-1 

Off-Street Parking for All Zones Except the B-3 Zone

Use

Parking Requirement

RESIDENTIAL USES

Accessory dwelling units

1 additional space for accessory dwelling

Adult family home

3 per home

Assisted living facilities

1 per each 4 residents

Boarding or rooming

no additional parking required

Boardinghouse, roominghouse

1 per room

Caretaker’s quarters

2 per dwelling

Congregate care facilities

0.8 per dwelling

Convalescent or nursing home

1 per each 4 residents

Dwelling, single-family attached

2 per dwelling in R-1(A) and R-2(A) zones; see Section 15.060 for other zones

Dwelling, single-family detached

2 per dwelling

Dwelling, two-family (duplex)

2 per dwelling

Dwelling, rear yard infill

See subsection B of this section

Dwelling, cottage

1.5 spaces per dwelling

Dwelling, multiple-family

See subsection B of this section

Group homes, Class I.A

3 per dwelling

Group homes, Class I.B

3 per dwelling

Group homes, Class I.C

2 plus 1 per each staff person

Group homes, Class II.A

2 plus 1 per each staff person

Group homes, Class II.B

2 plus 1 per each staff person

Group homes, Class II.C

2 plus 1 per each staff person

Live/work unit

2 per unit

Mobilehome park

See Title 17

Senior citizen housing

See subsection B.1.e of this section

Supportive housing

See subsection B.1.f of this section

Temporary shelter homes

See Section 34.030

NONRESIDENTIAL USES

AGRICULTURAL USES

Agricultural industries

See Section 34.030

Farm, dairy, horticulture

All parking to be provided on site

Greenhouse, nursery

1 per 400 square feet of indoor retail, 1 per 1,000 square feet of outdoor display or storage area

Greenhouses, wholesale

1 per 800 square feet

BUSINESS/COMMERCIAL USES

Appliance sales

1 per 600 square feet

Barber shop or beauty salon

2 per station, minimum of 3

Broadcast studio

1 per 400 square feet

Business park

1 per 400 square feet of office area, 1 per 1,000 square feet of warehouse area, 1 per 600 square feet of assembly or light manufacturing area

Building materials, retail or wholesale

1 per 300 square feet of retail area, 1 per 1,000 square feet of warehouse or outdoor storage area

Carpet store

1 per 600 square feet

Consumer services

1 per 600 square feet

Dry cleaning, retail

The greater of 3 spaces or 1 per 300 square feet

Equipment rental

1 per 300 square feet of retail, office or shop use plus 1 per 1,000 square feet of outdoor storage or display area

Farmers’ market

See Section 34.030

Financial institutions

1 per 400 square feet

Food bank

1 per 300 square feet

Funeral parlor, mortuary

1 for each 5 seats in chapel

Furniture sales

1 per 600 square feet

Government administrative offices

1 per 400 square feet

Home occupation

Same as required for dwelling

Kennels/pet boarding

3 plus 1 per each employee

Laundromat

1 per each 3 washing machines

Offices

1 per 400 square feet

Personal services

The greater of 3 or 1 per 300 square feet

Printing, duplication services

1 per 400 square feet

Retail sales, indoors

1 per 300 square feet

Retail sales, outdoors

1 per each 1,000 square feet of outdoor display area

Self-serve storage facility

1 per each 300 square feet of office area, plus 2 for manager’s living quarters

Shopping center

1 per 300 square feet

Veterinary clinic

1 per 400 square feet

EATING AND BEVERAGE USES

Bakery, retail

3 plus 1 per 300 square feet

Brewery, micro-

1 per 600 square feet, 1 per 100 square feet for area used for on-premises consumption

Espresso stand

1 plus 1 per employee

Restaurants

1 per 100 square feet

Tavern

1 per 100 square feet

ENTERTAINMENT USES

Adult use businesses

 

Live entertainment

1 per 100 square feet

Motion picture theater

1 per each 3 seats

Panoram

1 per each 2 panoram devices, or 1 per 300 square feet, whichever is greater

Art gallery

1 per 400 square feet

Artist studio

1 per 1,000 square feet

Bingo hall

1 per 50 square feet in freestanding building, 1 per 100 square feet in shopping center

Casino, mini-

See Section 34.030

Convention, exhibition center

See Section 34.030

Library

See Section 34.030

Museum

1 per 400 square feet

Nightclub

1 per 100 square feet

Private club, fraternal organization

See Section 34.030

Theater or theater complex

1 space for each 3 seats

Video game arcade

1 per 300 square feet

INDUSTRIAL USES

Aircraft assembly

1 per 600 square feet

Bakery, wholesale

1 per 600 square feet

Bottling plant

1 per 600 square feet

Brewery, distillery or winery

1 per 600 square feet

Bulk fuel sales, storage

3 plus 1 per each employee working at any one time

Cabinet shop

1 per 600 square feet

Dry cleaning, laundry plant

1 per 600 square feet

Electronic instrument manufacturing

1 per 600 square feet

Food products processing

1 per 600 square feet

Heavy manufacturing

1 per 600 square feet

Light manufacturing

1 per 600 square feet

Outdoor storage of bulk materials, large equipment

3 plus 1 per each employee

Research and testing laboratories

1 per 400 square feet of office, 1 per 600 square feet of laboratory or shop area

Warehouse, wholesale distribution

1 per 1,000 square feet

Welding, fabrication, machine shops

1 per 600 square feet

LODGING

Bed and breakfast house

2 for operator plus 1 per guest room

Hotel, motel

1 per guest room plus half the normally required parking for accessory uses such as restaurant or cafe

MEDICAL USES

Blood or plasma donation

1 per 200 square feet

Clinic

1 per 200 square feet

Medical-related activities

1 per 200 square feet

RECREATIONAL USES

Bowling alley

4 spaces per lane

Health, athletic, fitness club

1 per 200 square feet

Marinas

See Section 34.030

Miniature golf course

2 per hole

Outdoor recreation, commercial or public

See Section 34.030

Skating rinks

1 per 100 square feet of skating area

SPECIAL PROPERTY USES

Aircraft landing facilities

See Section 34.030

Church

1 per each 5 seats in nave or chapel

Community center

See Section 34.030

Crematorium

See Section 34.030

Day care, commercial

1 per each 10 children or 1 employee, whichever is greater, plus l loading space for each 20 children

Day care, family home

2 plus 1 for each staff person not living on premises

Detoxification center, drug rehabilitation

See Section 34.030

HEAVY INDUSTRIAL USES, the following

Aggregates extraction and related manufacturing

See Section 34.030

Batch plant

See Section 34.030

Blast furnaces

1 per 600 square feet

Drop forge

1 per 600 square feet

Power generation plant

See Section 34.030

Hospital

See Section 34.030

Jails and correctional facilities

See Section 34.030

Parks or playgrounds, public

See Section 34.030

Public service buildings, uses

See Section 34.030

SCHOOLS

College, university

See Section 34.030

Preschool to grade 12

See Section 34.030

Studios for private instruction (art, music, dance, and similar uses)

1 per 300 square feet

Vocational training

1 per each 2 seats in classroom area

Social service facility

See Section 34.030

UTILITIES

Above ground utility and communications facilities,

 

major

See Section 34.030

minor

None

Below ground utilities

None

Recycling/composting facilities

See Section 34.030

Solid waste transfer stations

See Section 34.030

Sewage treatment facilities

See Section 34.030

TRANSPORTATION USES

Parking facilities, commercial

Not applicable

Parking facilities, commuter

Not applicable

Passenger terminals

See Section 34.030

Railroad yards

See Section 34.030

Shipping, marine

See Section 34.030

Shipping, trucking terminal

All business vehicle and employee parking shall be provided on-site

Transit station, supportive and incidental uses

See Section 34.030

VEHICLE-RELATED USES

Boat building

1 per 600 square feet

Boat storage

1 per 3,000 square feet of storage area

Body repair, painting

3 plus 2 per service bay (each space in a service bay counts as a parking space)

Dismantling (indoor only)

1 per 1,000 square feet

Impound, storage or tow yard

1 per 500 square feet of building area

Maintenance, service (heavy or light)

3 plus 2 per service bay (each space in a service bay counts as a parking space)

Sales or rental

1 per 250 square feet of office, plus 1 per 300 square feet of service area, plus 1 per 1,000 square feet of showroom area

Service (gasoline) station

3 plus 2 per service bay (each space in a service bay counts as a parking space)

Washing facility

Paved parking/holding area equal in area to the washing area and vacuum stations

B.    Off-Street Parking Requirements for Multiple-Family Dwellings and Rear Yard Infill Dwellings. The intent of this section is to require off-street parking for the residents of multiple-family developments to be provided on the development site, and to recognize differences between areas which should have a lesser need for automobile use due to availability of transit service, adequate pedestrian facilities, and the proximity of services within walking distance. The intent is also to provide incentive to retain existing historic structures or other residential dwellings.

1.    Parking for multiple-family dwellings shall be provided according to the location of the property, as provided herein. For purposes of this section, any room other than a kitchen, bathroom, living room or dining room, such as a den, study, office or other similar room, shall be considered a bedroom.

a.    Lots located within area A on Map Number 34-1 shall provide a minimum of one parking space per dwelling unit.

b.    Lots located within area B on Map Number 34-1 and rear yard infill dwellings in the R-2H zones shall provide a minimum of:

(1)    One infill unit only: one parking space per dwelling unit;

(2)    More than one infill unit and multiple-family units: one parking space per dwelling unit for units with one or fewer bedrooms and one and one-half parking spaces per dwelling unit for units with two or more bedrooms.

c.    Lots in areas outside of the areas designated on Map Number 34-1 shall provide a minimum of two parking spaces per dwelling unit, except:

(1)    In mixed-use developments in which at least twenty-five percent of the gross floor area of the development is provided in a permitted nonresidential use, a minimum of one and one-half spaces per dwelling unit with two or fewer bedrooms shall be provided. Parking for nonresidential uses shall be provided as otherwise required by this title.

(2)    In multiple-family developments with more than one hundred dwelling units, a minimum of two parking spaces shall be provided for the first one hundred dwellings with two or fewer bedrooms, and a minimum of one and one-half parking spaces shall be provided for each dwelling with two or fewer bedrooms in excess of the first one hundred dwellings. A minimum of two spaces shall be provided for each dwelling with three or more bedrooms.

d.    Developments in the R-1(A) and R-2(A) zones shall provide a minimum of two parking spaces per dwelling unit.

e.    Senior citizen housing developments shall provide a minimum of one parking space per dwelling unit, except in the C-2 ES zone and E-1 MUO zone, the minimum requirement shall be 0.75 off-street parking space per dwelling unit. The applicant shall provide a covenant in a form acceptable to the city which runs with the land stating that the housing units shall be limited to occupancy by senior citizens. Conversion to nonsenior citizen housing shall not be permitted unless meeting the parking standards of this section.

f.    Supportive housing developments shall provide a minimum of one parking space per four dwelling units. The planning director may approve a modification to this standard if a parking study for the use of the lot is prepared by a professional with expertise in preparing traffic and parking analysis demonstrates to the satisfaction of the director that a lesser standard is adequate. The applicant shall provide a covenant in a form acceptable to the city which runs with the land stating that the supportive housing units shall be limited to occupancy by low income households. Conversion to nonsupportive housing shall not be permitted unless meeting the parking standards of this section.

2.    Parking spaces and parking garages provided within a multiple-family development shall be for the use of tenants and their invited guests only and shall not be rented, leased or otherwise used by persons who do not reside in the multiple-family development. Parking spaces required by this section shall not be used for storage, boats, trailers, or any purpose other than meeting the off-street parking requirements of this section.

C.    Off-Street Parking in the Hewitt Avenue East Corridor. For properties that are located within the Hewitt Avenue east corridor (Map No. 34-2), when a change of use occurs no additional off-street parking is required; provided, that:

1.    There is no expansion of building floor area;

2.    If the previous use of the property did not provide the number of off-street parking spaces required by this title, the city must be able to certify that the previous use was nonconforming with respect to the number of required off-street parking spaces;

3.    The proposal will not involve converting a nonresidential use into a residential use, nor will it reduce the amount of off-street parking available to any residences on the site to less than required by this chapter;

4.    The change of use will not result in a reduction in the number of off-street parking spaces on the subject property.

Map Number 34-1

Map Number 34-2

(Ord. 3598-18 § 4, 2018; Ord. 3500-16 §§ 5, 7, 2016; Ord. 3483-16 § 5, 2016; Ord. 3340-13 § 1, 2013; Ord. 3297-12 §§ 1, 2, 2012; Ord. 3269-12 § 13, 2012; Ord. 3099-08 § 13, 2008; Ord. 3072-08 § 14, 2008: Ord. 3002-07 § 6, 2007: Ord. 2854-05 § 10, 2005; Ord. 2657-02 §§ 28, 29, 2002; Ord. 2397-99 § 49, 1999: Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.030 Nonspecified or accessory uses.

A.    Uses for Which Parking Is Not Specified. If this title does not specify a parking requirement for a specific use in Table 34-1 or Section 22.020.E for the B-3 zone, the planning director shall establish the minimum requirement on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the city traffic engineer. The applicant may be required to provide sufficient information to demonstrate that the parking demand for a specific use will be satisfied, based upon existing uses similar to the proposed use and other relevant factors. Unless otherwise waived by the planning director, the applicant shall have a parking study for the proposed use prepared by a professional consultant with expertise in preparing traffic and parking analyses.

B.    Parking for Uses Which Are Accessory to the Main Use. If this title does not specify a parking requirement for a specific activity or use which is accessory to the principal use of a lot, which the planning director determines has a different off-street parking requirement than the principal use, the planning director shall determine the minimum requirement for the accessory activity or use on a case-by-case basis. Unless otherwise waived by the planning director, the applicant shall have a parking study for the use of the lot prepared by a professional with expertise in preparing traffic and parking analyses. (Ord. 2397-99 § 50, 1999; Ord. 1849-92 § 20, 1992; Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.040 Number of spaces—Fractions.

If the parking formula used to determine parking requirements results in a fractional number greater than or equal to one-half, the proponent shall provide parking equal to the next highest whole number. (Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.050 Bench or pew seating.

Where required parking is based upon a given number of seats and bench or pew seating is used, each twenty-four lineal inches of bench or pew seating shall be considered as a separate seat. (Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.060 Location of off-street parking.

A.    Parking for residential uses shall be provided on the same lot as the dwelling unit it is required to serve.

B.    For nonresidential uses, which are located on lots containing less than ten acres, required off-street parking shall be located on property within three hundred feet of the building or use which it is required to serve. For sites containing more than ten acres, this distance may be increased to six hundred feet. This distance shall be measured along the access route. The property upon which the required off-street parking is provided shall be located in the same zone as, or a zone which allows the use for which the parking is required. See subsection C of this section for the off-site parking requirements for the B-3 zone.

C.    Where parking is required in the B-3 zone, parking for nonresidential uses shall be located on property within one thousand feet of the building or use which it required to serve. This distance shall be measured along the access route. The property upon which the required off-street parking is located shall be in the B-3 or another commercial or industrial zone.

D.    If the parking for a building or use is located on a lot other than the lot upon which the use for which the parking is required is located, the owner of the lot containing the parking shall execute a covenant in a form acceptable to the city attorney, stating that the lot is devoted in whole or in part to required parking for the use on another lot. The owner of the property upon which the main use is located shall record this covenant with the Snohomish County auditor’s office to run with the properties on which both the principal use and the off-street parking are located. The owner shall provide a copy of the recorded covenant to the planning department.

E.    Two or more nonresidential uses may share a parking area if the number of parking spaces provided is equal to the greatest number of required spaces for uses operating at the same time.

F.    Quantity and location of parking for uses subject to hearing examiner review processes set forth in Title 15, Local Project Review Procedures, shall be established during the review process, unless already specified in this title.

G.    Except for single-family detached and duplex dwellings, and except as provided in subsection H of this section, in no case shall a motor vehicle of any kind be parked or stored nor shall internal aisles or roadways be permitted in any required open space, front or street side setback area or landscaped area. Parking may be located in an interior side setback area provided it is not located within required landscape areas. Driveways may cross required setbacks or landscaped areas in order to provide access between the off-street parking facilities and the street or alley providing access to the site. Driveways may be used for parking when serving individual single-family or duplex dwellings only, but shall not be considered for purposes of satisfying required parking for other uses.

H.    For location of off-street parking for multiple-family dwellings, see the applicable design standards for the area in which the property is located.

I.    Except where otherwise permitted through formal plat or short plat review, the width of driveways for single-family or duplex dwellings shall not exceed twenty feet within the required front yard setback areas, except where a gradual widening is required to provide access to an off-street parking area located behind the front setback line, or where a fire truck turnaround is required. Except where otherwise permitted through formal plat or short plat review, in no circumstance shall the driveway width at the front property line exceed twenty feet. When driveways

must access a lot at an angle which is not perpendicular to the street, due to topography or irregular lot shape, the driveway width shall be measured perpendicular to the direction of travel on the driveway.

J.    Vehicles shall not be parked in required front setback areas for single-family and duplex uses, except when located upon driveways meeting the requirements of subsection I of this section.

K.    Handicap parking stalls shall be provided and located in accordance with the Washington State Regulations for Barrier Free Facilities. (Ord. 3072-08 § 15, 2008; Ord. 2657-02 § 30, 2002; Ord. 2538-01 § 33, 2001; Ord. 2397-99 §§ 51 – 55, 1999; Ord. 1849-92 §§ 21, 22, 1992; Ord. 1729-90 § 17, 1990; Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.070 Modification of parking requirements.

A.    An applicant may request a modification of the parking requirements of this title. The review authority and review process shall be based upon the following criteria:

1.    Uses which are reviewed using a hearing examiner review process as set forth in Title 15, Local Project Review Procedures, shall have requests for a modification of parking requirements considered during the review process for that use.

2.    Variances requesting a reduction of parking requirements shall be considered using the review processes described in Title 15, Local Project Review Procedures.

B.    In considering a request for a modification of parking requirements, the review authority shall consider the following factors:

1.    Type of use proposed and traffic generation, including hours of operation, frequency of employee and customer trips, and other specific factors relating to the proposed use.

2.    Location of the subject property, proximity to and availability of public transportation facilities, likelihood of customers or employees to use public transportation.

3.    Other information which is relevant and necessary to make a determination as to the validity of the request for modification. Such additional information may include parking studies and traffic surveys for the proposed project vicinity and data concerning the actual parking demand of other similar uses.

C.    In approving a request for the modification of the number of required off-street parking spaces, the review authority may require that a transit stop be located on the subject lot in order to promote use of public transit and to justify a reduction in the required number of parking spaces.

D.    Transportation Management Plan for Large Employers. The planning director is authorized, using the review process described in Title 15, Local Project Review Procedures, to either require or allow a reduction in the number of off-street parking spaces required by this title for businesses or employment areas that employ more than one hundred persons, based upon a transportation management plan which is addressed in the SEPA environmental review process and approved by the city. The transportation management plan shall include specific traffic reduction measures and incentives such as preferential parking for high occupancy vehicles, increased public transit usage, ride-share/ride-match programs, shift schedules and other traffic/parking reduction measures which will assure that the lower number of off-street parking spaces is sufficient to accommodate the actual parking demand. As part of the approval of any parking reduction, the city may establish penalty provisions for businesses that fail to reduce the parking demand to the extent required by the city. (Ord. 2538-01 §§ 34, 35, 2001; Ord. 2397-99 § 56, 1999; Ord. 1793-91 § 4, 1991; Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.080 Parking area design and construction.

A.    Surfacing, layout, striping, drainage, compact parking stalls, accessible parking stalls, parking stall sizes, aisle width and other construction details shall be in accordance with the construction standards of the city engineer. Off-street parking areas for all uses except agricultural uses shall be surfaced with a permanent durable surfacing appropriate for the soil type, use, and associated vehicular traffic. Permeable surfacing materials are encouraged when site and soil conditions make it a feasible alternative. Beginning January 1, 2017, permeable pavement is required when feasible, per the thresholds and standards in the city’s stormwater regulations. Permeable surfacing includes, but is not limited to: paving blocks, turf block, pervious concrete, porous asphalt, and other similar approved materials. Gravel shall not be allowed as permeable surfacing. Pervious materials shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with the city of Everett stormwater management manual and the manufacturer’s specifications. Where permeable surfacing alternatives are not used, a paved and permanent surface shall be used as required by the city engineer. See Section 19.39.165 for other parking lot design requirements for transportation compatibility.

B.    Landscaping and screening for parking lots shall be in accordance with the standards of Chapter 19.35. Parking areas located on the roof of a building shall provide landscaping and screening as required by Chapter 19.35 if such parking area is visible from any abutting property. Parking of trucks or fleet vehicles is considered off-street parking for the purposes of calculating the parking lot interior landscaping required by Chapter 19.35.

C.    Internal vehicle and pedestrian circulation for parking lots shall be approved by the planning director and traffic engineer. Parking lot circulation shall allow for access so pedestrians and wheelchairs can easily gain access from public sidewalks and bus stops to building entrances through the use of pedestrian/wheelchair paths which are physically separated from vehicle traffic and maneuvering areas. All developments must provide specially marked or paved walkways through parking areas. Generally, walkways should be provided every four rows and a maximum distance of one hundred eighty feet shall be maintained between paths. Where possible, align the pathways to connect with major building entries or other sidewalks, pathways, and destinations. The planning director shall have the authority to modify this standard for small projects with less than fifty stalls, or where site conditions make the pathways ineffective and not beneficial to pedestrians. In projects with more than one hundred spaces, at least one pedestrian/wheelchair path shall be at least five feet wide, and be raised, constructed of different materials than the parking lot paving, or otherwise distinguished from the vehicle maneuvering areas. Painting a path within the parking and vehicle maneuvering area does not meet the standard.

In shopping center parking lots such pedestrian/wheelchair paths shall be constructed in a manner that they cannot be used as a holding area for shopping carts, while not conflicting with ADA standards. Paratransit loading/unloading zones should be located so as to not interfere with pedestrian/wheelchair paths.

D.    Access driveways for parking areas shall be located so as to cause the least possible conflict with vehicular and pedestrian traffic on public rights-of-way. The planning director and traffic engineer shall have the authority to restrict the number, size and location of access driveways to private parking areas.

E.    The traffic engineer may require joint use of driveways by more than one property.

F.    Accessible parking stalls shall meet the requirements of Washington State Regulations for Barrier Free Facilities (Chapter 51-50 WAC).

G.    Parking lot illumination shall be provided for all parking lots containing more than ten parking spaces, and shall be designed and constructed so as to:

1.    Provide security lighting to all parking spaces;

2.    Be shielded in a manner that does not disturb residential uses;

3.    Parking area lighting fixtures shall be full cut-off (zero percent candlepower at ninety degrees horizontal and ten percent maximum candlepower at eighty degrees from vertical), dark-sky rated, and mounted no more than thirty feet above the ground, with lower fixtures preferable so as to maintain a human scale.

H.    Low impact development (LID) stormwater management facilities are encouraged in parking areas when site and soil conditions make it a feasible option. (Ord. 3322-13 § 2, 2013: Ord. 2397-99 §§ 57, 58, 1999; Ord. 1849-92 § 23, 1992; Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.090 Off-street loading requirements.

A.    Every nonresidential building hereafter constructed or altered that is engaged in retail, manufacturing, wholesale or storage activities, excluding self-service storage facilities, which requires delivery of merchandise or materials by trucks shall provide truck loading and unloading berths according to the standards listed in Table 34-2, except in the B-3 zone. All loading areas shall be separated from required parking areas and shall be designated for truck loading space.

Table 34-2

Gross Floor Area

Number of Berths

5,000 to 20,000 sq. ft.

1

20,000 to 50,000 sq. ft.

2

50,000 to 100,000 sq. ft.

3

Above 100,000 sq. ft.

1 for each additional

 

50,000 sq. ft.

B.    Every hotel, office building, restaurant, assembly structure or similar use shall provide truck loading and unloading berths according to the following standards, except in the B-3 zone or when such use is being reviewed using a review process which involves either the hearing examiner or city council as set forth in Title 15, Local Project Review Procedures:

Aggregate Gross

 

Floor Area

Number of Berths

20,000 to 50,000 sq. ft.

1

50,000 to 100,000 sq. ft.

2

Above 100,000 sq. ft.

1 for each additional

 

50,000 sq. ft.

C.    For uses with a smaller floor area than the minimum listed in subsections A or B of this section, for uses in the B-3 zone or for uses being reviewed using the hearing examiner review process as set forth in Title 15, Local Project Review Procedures, the traffic engineer shall be authorized to require loading space as necessary to provide for the safe and efficient delivery of merchandise or materials to the specific uses within the building to assure that required off-street parking areas and public right-of-way are protected from unsafe conditions resulting from truck loading and unloading.

D.    Berths required by this section shall be a minimum of ten feet wide, thirty feet long and have unobstructed vertical clearance of fourteen feet. Berths shall be provided in such a manner so as not to obstruct free traffic movement and driver vision on public rights-of-way. Access to required berths shall be from an alley where one exists. Off-street truck loading areas shall be separated from off-street parking areas. Truck loading and unloading areas shall be surfaced with concrete or asphaltic concrete.

E.    Modification of Off-street Loading Requirements. The requirements of subsections A, B and D of this section may be modified by the traffic engineer. In order to grant a modification to the requirement of subsections A, B or D, the traffic engineer shall require the applicant to provide sufficient information to demonstrate that the method of providing loading/unloading for a particular use, building or site will be sufficient to assure that required off-street parking areas, public right-of-way and surrounding properties are protected from unsafe conditions resulting from truck loading and/or unloading. In no instance shall the traffic engineer be authorized to allow the loading and/or unloading of trucks to occur on public streets.

F.    Where loading berths are located within one hundred feet of areas zoned for residential use, the applicant shall provide measures necessary to reduce noise and visual impacts from the commercial area. Noise mitigation measures may include architectural or structural barriers, berms, walls or a restriction on the hours of operation, if necessary to meet the requirements of the city’s noise ordinance. (Ord. 2538-01 § 36, 2001; Ord. 2397-99 § 59, 1999; Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)

19.34.100 Maintenance.

Failure to maintain the required off-street parking and loading areas in accordance with the requirements of this section shall constitute a violation of this title. (Ord. 1671-89 (part), 1989.)