Chapter 5.06
SAFETY

Sections:

5.06.010    Emergency procedures.

5.06.020    Fire prevention and suppression.

5.06.030    Population levels.

5.06.040    Use of force.

5.06.050    Use of restraints.

5.06.010 Emergency procedures.

(1) The bureau shall formulate written emergency procedures relative to escapes, riots, rebellions, assaults, injuries, suicides or attempted suicides, outbreak of infectious disease, fire, acts of nature and any other type of major disaster or disturbance. The emergency plan shall outline the responsibilities of staff, evacuation procedures, and subsequent disposition of the prisoners after removal from the area or facility. Such plan shall be formulated in cooperation with the appropriate supporting local government units.

(2) Emergency plans shall always be available to the officer in charge of each facility and all personnel shall be aware of and trained in, the procedures.

(3) The bureau shall maintain emergency equipment necessary to provide essential lights, power and communication in the event of an emergency. The equipment shall be checked on a regular schedule to insure that it is operational.

(Added Amended Ord. 94-041, May 25, 1994; Amended by Amended Ord. 08-137, Nov. 10, 2008, Eff date Jan. 1, 2009).

5.06.020 Fire prevention and suppression.

(1) The bureau shall consult with the local fire department having jurisdiction over its facilities in developing a written fire prevention and suppression plan which shall include, but not be limited to:

(a) A fire prevention plan to be part of the operations manual of policies and procedures, to include a regular fire safety inspection conducted by a staff member specially trained for this task;

(b) A requirement that staff are alert to fire hazards during their daily rounds;

(c) Fire prevention inspections at least annually by the fire department having jurisdiction;

(d) A regular schedule for inspection, testing and servicing of fire suppression equipment.

(2) Results of all fire department inspections shall be kept on file by the bureau, together with records of actions taken to comply with recommendations from such reports.

(Added Amended Ord. 94-041, May 25, 1994; Amended by Amended Ord. 08-137, Nov. 10, 2008, Eff date Jan. 1, 2009).

5.06.030 Population levels.

(1) Population levels at all facilities shall not exceed a level at which the bureau is able to adequately provide for the basic human needs of the prisoners, including provision of adequate personal safety, medical care, shelter, food, sanitation and clothing.

(2) The bureau shall adopt criteria to evaluate whether it is adequately providing for the basic human needs identified in SCC 5.06.030(1). Such criteria shall include, but not be limited to, reports of safety and security incidents; results of searches as outlined in SCC 5.10.020(3)(c); number of single cells available for segregation of prisoners who pose a safety and/or security threat; outbreak of communicable diseases; timeliness of medical care; performance of building systems for temperature, ventilation, plumbing, lighting and noise; reports of food and sanitation inspection results addressed in SCC 5.12.100 and 5.12.120; and provision of adequate clothing, bedding and personal items. These criteria shall be monitored on an ongoing basis as to individual incidents, trends, general patterns and location. If the bureau chief or bureau chief’s designee determines that the bureau is unable to adequately provide for one or more of the designated basic human needs, a report shall be made to the sheriff.

(3) When the population at the jail exceeds 477, a report of this fact shall be made to the sheriff. A jail population management plan shall be developed to set out efforts to avoid reaching the 477 maximum population.

(4) When the population of the work release/ special detention facility exceeds 72 for five consecutive days, a report of this fact shall be made to the executive.

(5) Upon receipt of a report from the bureau pursuant to SCC 5.06.030(2), (3) or (4), the sheriff shall appoint an individual or individuals to evaluate facility operations to determine if the requirements of these standards (especially with regard to providing for basic human needs) are being met and, if not, to make appropriate recommendations in order to meet the requirements of these standards. The results and recommendations of such evaluation shall be presented to the sheriff by the date set by the sheriff. Within 10 working days after presentation of this report, the sheriff, in consultation with the bureau chief, shall propose corrective action and if appropriate, refer the proposed action to the county council.

(Added Amended Ord. 94-041, May 25, 1994; Amended by Amended Ord. 08-137, Nov. 10, 2008, Eff date Jan. 1, 2009).

5.06.040 Use of force.

(1) The bureau shall maintain written policies and procedures regarding the use of force and the use of deadly force, which shall be consistent with this section.

(2) Only lawful and reasonable force to the person of a prisoner shall be used.

(3) Deadly force shall not be used on a prisoner unless the person applying the deadly force reasonably believes that the prisoner poses an immediate threat of death or grievous physical injury to an officer or employee of the bureau or any other person or to prevent the escape of a prisoner arrested for, charged with or convicted of a felony and the officer reasonably believes that other reasonable and available alternatives would be ineffective.

(4) A written report on the use of force shall be made by each staff member involved or observing the use of such force. In the case of deadly force, a written report shall be made by each staff member involved or observing the use of such force. The report(s) shall be reviewed by the bureau chief or bureau chief’s designee who shall investigate the incident and make a determination whether appropriate, justified or reasonable force was used. The determination shall be made a matter of record. In this review the following factors will be considered:

(a) Need for use of force;

(b) Amount used in relation to need;

(c) Threat reasonably perceived;

(d) Efforts to temper the use of force.

(5) The "carotid sleeper hold" means any hold or restraint specifically designed to inhibit blood flow through the carotid arteries of the neck without inhibiting breathing by compression of the airway in the neck and without compression of the larynx or trachea. The carotid sleeper hold shall be considered to be deadly force.

(6) The "choke hold" means any hold or restraint specifically designed to inhibit breathing by compression of the airway in the neck. The choke hold shall be considered to be deadly force.

(7) The carotid sleeper hold generally presents less danger of causing serious injury or death than the choke hold and therefore is generally preferred over the choke hold in situations where such holds are permissible.

(8) No neck hold shall be used, except by persons instructed in the dangers of the neck hold, its definition as deadly force and the proper use and constraints of the neck hold, by someone specifically trained in the use and dangers of neck holds. To meet the requirements of this provision, an individual must have received initial training as well as refresher training on at least an annual basis.

(9) Medical attention shall be administered to the prisoner by a qualified medical professional as soon as possible after the use of the carotid sleeper hold or the choke hold.

(Added Amended Ord. 94-041, May 25, 1994; Amended by Amended Ord. 08-137, Nov. 10, 2008, Eff date Jan. 1, 2009).

5.06.050 Use of restraints.

Other than for medical reasons, physical restraints may be used only when necessary for the safety and welfare of the prisoner upon whom they are used and/or other prisoners and staff or for the security of the facility. Other than in emergency situations, the use of restraints must be approved, in advance, by the shift supervisor. In emergency situations, restraints may be applied without prior approval. However, as soon as the situation is under control, the shift supervisor must be informed and must approve continued use of the restraints. The bureau shall develop a policy regarding the types of restraints to be used and the circumstances under which their use is authorized.

(Added Amended Ord. 94-041, May 25, 1994; Amended by Amended Ord. 08-137, Nov. 10, 2008, Eff date Jan. 1, 2009).