Chapter 7.24
CAMPS AND PARKS

Sections:

7.24.010    Definitions.

7.24.020    Permits.

7.24.030    Site.

7.24.040    Supervision.

7.24.050    Water supply.

7.24.060    Toilets-washing facilities.

7.24.070    Resident camp showers-Laundry facilities.

7.24.080    Disposal of sewage-liquid waste.

7.24.090    Sleeping and living quarters.

7.24.100    Handling food.

7.24.110    Milk and cream.

7.24.120    Swimming pools-Bathing beaches-Wading pools.

7.24.130    Health officer’s authority.

7.24.010 Definitions.

The following definitions shall apply in the interpretation and the enforcement of this chapter.

(1) "Camp" as used herein refers only to an established or maintained camp for recreation, education, vacation, or religious purposes for use by organized groups and wherein these activities are conducted on a closely supervised basis and wherein day to day living facilities, including food and lodging are provided either free of charge or by payment of a fee.

(2) "Park" means all other areas or camps established or maintained for use by the public as a place for picnicking, camping or vacationing.

(3) "Owner" means any person or persons, organization, association, corporation, or agency operating, maintaining or offering for use within Snohomish county any camp or park either free of charge or by payment of a fee.

(4) "Director" means the person in charge of the camp program.

(5) "Existing camp" and "existing park" mean a camp and a park, respectively, which are established prior to the date of adoption of this chapter.

(6) "New camp" and "new park" mean camps and parks which are established after the date of adoption of this chapter.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.020 Permits.

(1) It is unlawful for any owner to operate a camp or park in Snohomish county who does not possess a permit from the health officer. Only persons who comply with the requirements of this chapter shall be entitled to receive and retain such a permit.

(2) Every person desirous of operating a camp or park shall make an annual application to the health officer for a permit at least 30 days prior to the day it is to be opened for use on a form provided by the health officer.

(3) Upon filing of application required by (2) above, the health officer shall cause an inspection to be made of the site and report thereof, filed with the application. The health officer may require such corrections and changes deemed necessary to make the camp or park conform to the requirements of this chapter.

However, if the health officer finds that the camp or park does not comply with the provisions of this chapter, a provisional permit may be issued for a specified period of time provided the owner has agreed in writing to comply with the requirements of this chapter within a specified time, and provided further that a provisional permit shall stipulate the terms, requirements or conditions under which the premises may be operated.

(4) The permit fee for each camp or park shall be $10.00 per year.

(5) No permit granted hereunder shall be transferable without the consent of the health officer, nor shall any permit entitle the holder thereof to conduct the business named in the permit in any place other than that specified in the permit.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.030 Site.

(1) All camps and parks shall be located on land that provides good natural drainage. The site shall not be subject to flooding or located adjacent to swamps or marshes which might have an adverse effect on the health of the occupants.

(2) No camp or park shall be so located as to endanger any public or private water supply or the health of the public or health of the occupants.

(3) Where corrals or stables exist, or where large animals are maintained in connection with any camp or park, the quarters for any animals shall be located so as not to create a nuisance or health hazard.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.040 Supervision.

(1) All camps and parks shall be under the supervision of an adult having mature judgment and ability to understand and apply state and local laws and regulations relating to operation and maintenance of the camp or park.

(2) The director, or a responsible person reporting to him, shall make or have made frequent inspections of the premises and sanitary equipment for the purpose of maintaining proper sanitation and compliance with these regulations.

(3) The director shall maintain all sanitary facilities, and other equipment of camps and parks, in good repair and appearance.

(4) The supervision and equipment shall be sufficient to prevent littering of the premises with rubbish, garbage, or other wastes and to maintain general cleanliness. Tight metal containers shall be provided for the collection of garbage and refuse. These containers shall not be permitted to become foul smelling, unsightly, or breeding places for flies. The contents shall be disposed of by incineration or some other method approved by the health officer.

(5) All toilet rooms, eating, sleeping and other living facilities shall be cleaned at least daily.

(6) The owner or director of every camp or park shall maintain the buildings and grounds free from flies, mosquitoes, and other insects through the use of screens and/or approved sprays or other effective means. All premises shall be kept free from rats, mice and other rodents.

(7) Where bedding is furnished it shall be kept clean and aired at least once a week. Where sheets and pillow cases are furnished, they shall be freshly laundered at least once each week and for each new occupant.

Mattress covers to completely cover the mattress when furnished shall be used and shall be freshly laundered for each new occupant.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.050 Water supply.

(1) Every camp and every park shall have an adequate supply of water from an approved source. It shall be of a safe sanitary quality meeting the standards as prescribed by the health officer for drinking water. (2) At new camps and new parks, only water under pressure will be allowed, except upon the special permission of the health officer.

(3) The use of common drinking cups or containers is prohibited.

(4) Where possible, drinking fountains of a sanitary type meeting the standards of the American Standards Association, shall be provided with a ratio of one fountain for each 50 users. In the event that fountains cannot be provided, individual or single service drinking cups shall be supplied.

Containers for drinking water shall be constructed of smooth noncorrodable material, shall have a tight fitting cover, shall be equipped with a faucet or spigot for water removal and shall be washed with reasonable frequency and kept clean. Dipping water from containers is prohibited.

(5) Unapproved sources of water supply shall be conspicuously posted as unfit for drinking.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.060 Toilets-washing facilities.

(1) Every camp and park shall be provided with toilets, urinals and hand washing facilities conveniently located.

(2) Separate toilet facilities shall be provided for each sex and shall be so marked.

(3) Only water flushed toilets will be allowed unless specific exception is made by the health officer for the use of fly-tight sanitary privies.

(4) The minimum number of the above facilities to be provided shall be in accordance with the following schedule:

(a) For Camps.

Water closets for females.

Under 100--1 for each 10

Over 100--10 for next 100

Plus 1 for each additional 20

Water closets for males.

Under 100--1 for each 20

Over 100--5 for next 100

Plus 1 for each additional 40

Urinals for males.

Under 100--1 for each 20

Over 100--5 for next 100

Plus 1 for each additional 40

Lavatories.

Under 100--1 for each 12

Over 100--8 for next 100

Plus 1 for each additional 20

(b) For Parks. The number of toilet units in parks shall be sufficient to adequately meet the demands as determined by the health officer.

(5) Toilet paper shall be provided in each water closet compartment or privy.

(6) All toilet rooms and privies shall be constructed of material permitting satisfactory cleaning and shall be well lighted and ventilated. All toilet fixtures shall be of easily cleanable, impervious material and in good repair.

(7) Toilet room floors shall be constructed of concrete or other water impervious material pitched to provide adequate drainage to a suitably located trapped floor drain; except that urinal stalls to the floor may be used in lieu of floor drains. If partitions are provided between flush bowls they shall be raised 12 inches from the floor and shall be so constructed as to be easily cleaned.

(8) Where users do not provide their own individual towel and soap, single service paper or cloth towels and soap shall be provided at all lavatories. The use of common towels is prohibited.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.070 Resident camp showers-Laundry facilities.

Adequate and conveniently located bathing facilities including hot and cold or tempered water shall be provided. Separate shower rooms shall be provided for each sex in the ratio of one shower head for each 15 users based upon the maximum demand at any one period.

One laundry tray, washtub, or washing machine shall be provided for each 40 persons or major fraction thereof.

The floors of shower rooms shall be constructed of concrete or other easily cleaned impervious material graded to drain to a suitable trapped floor drain. They shall be free from cracks or uneven surfaces.

The shower rooms shall be well lighted and ventilated and have interior surfaces of light colored washable material.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.080 Disposal of sewage-liquid waste.

No liquid wastes resulting from toilets, lavatories, showers, laundry sinks, or from the cleaning of kitchen and eating utensils, floors, shall be discharged upon the surface of the ground. Wastes shall be disposed of in such a manner that they will be inaccessible to rodents, flies, or other insects and will not pollute the surface of the ground or contaminate any water supply. They shall not be discharged into any stream, lake or body of water. Underground systems for disposal of wastes shall be constructed, operated and maintained to comply with the requirements of the health officer.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.090 Sleeping and living quarters.

(1) All sleeping and living quarters shall be ventilated so as to be maintained free from objectionable odors. They shall be provided with adequate natural and artificial light. The floors, walls, and ceilings of sleeping rooms shall be of easily cleanable construction and shall be maintained in a clean, sanitary condition.

(2) The floors of all buildings which are not built on solid concrete or rat proof foundations shall be raised at least 12 inches above the ground and the space underneath the floor kept free from trash, rubbish, or other material attractive to insects or rodents.

(3) No room used for sleeping purposes shall have less than 400 cubic feet of space for each occupant. (4) All cabin or dormitory type sleeping rooms shall contain a minimum floor space of 40 square feet per occupant. Ventilation shall be provided to all bedrooms or dormitories equivalent to an outside opening of two and one-half feet per person.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.100 Handling food.

(1) All food furnished or sold shall be protected against insects, rodents, and dust.

(2) When a kitchen is operated it shall be properly lighted and ventilated.

(3) Kitchen doors and windows and other openings shall be screened to exclude flies and other insects.

(4) All kitchen ceilings, walls and floors shall be kept clean and in good repair.

(5) All perishable food, cooked or uncooked shall be kept under refrigeration at 50 degrees Fahrenheit or below until used. The use of tainted or spoiled food is prohibited.

(6) All food shall be handled, prepared and served under clean, sanitary conditions.

(7) All dishes, glasses, cutlery and cooking utensils shall be washed in hot water containing an adequate amount of soap or detergent after each use. After thorough washing they shall be either:

(a) immersed for at least two minutes in clean hot water at a temperature of at least 170 degrees Fahrenheit, or

(b) rinsed in clean clear water then immersed for at least two minutes in a hypochlorite solution containing at least 50 parts per million of available chlorine, or

(c) rinsed in clean clear water and immersed in a chemical solution approved for such use by the health officer for such period of time and under such condition as he may direct.

(8) Cooks and foodhandlers shall keep clean and wear clean clothing. All persons handling or preparing foodstuffs or beverages shall have a physical examination by a doctor of medicine for the purpose of determining the presence of communicable disease whenever requested by the health officer.

(9) The supervision and equipment shall be sufficient to prevent littering of the premises with rubbish, garbage or other wastes and to maintain general cleanliness. Tight metal containers shall be provided for the collection of garbage and refuse. These containers shall not be permitted to become foul smelling, unsightly, or breeding places for flies, and the contents shall be disposed of by incineration or some other method approved by the health officer.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.110 Milk and cream.

(1) All milk and cream delivered to and used in camps and parks shall conform to the requirements of grade A milk and cream of the Washington State Uniform Fluid Milk Act of 1949.

(2) Milk or cream sold or served as a beverage to be consumed on the premises shall be served in the individual original container in which it was received from the milk distributor or from a bulk container equipped with a dispensing device which has been approved by the health officer.

(3) No person shall sell or serve any milk or milk product which has not been maintained at a temperature of 50 degrees Fahrenheit or less. If milk or milk products are stored in water or ice for cooling, the pouring lip of the container shall not be submerged.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.120 Swimming pools-Bathing beaches-Wading pools.

(1) All swimming pools shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 57, Laws of 1957 (chapter 70.90 RCW) and the rules and regulations and standards adopted by the state director of health.

(2) No bathing beach shall be maintained or operated when the water is determined by the health officer to be so polluted or subject to pollution as to constitute a menace to health if used for bathing. Where bathhouse and toilet facilities are provided for use of bathers they shall be constructed, maintained and operated in a sanitary manner approved by the health officer.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).

7.24.130 Health officer’s authority.

Where no provision is made in these regulations to clearly apply to any condition or thing found to exist which may be a health hazard in a camp or park, the health officer may direct the owner as to the best means to adopt to secure proper sanitary conditions in the camp or park.

(Res. adopted December 17, 1962).