Title 40: Clark County, Washington, Unified Development Code

TABLE OF CONTENTS

SUBTITLE 40.1    INTRODUCTION AND ADMINISTRATION

Chapter 40.100    General Provisions

40.100.010    Introduction

40.100.020    Compliance

40.100.030    Severability and Validity

40.100.040    Repealer

40.100.050    Authority

40.100.060    Enforcement

40.100.070    Definitions

SUBTITLE 40.2    LAND USE DISTRICTS

Chapter 40.200    General Provisions

40.200.010    Purpose

40.200.020    Zoning Classifications

40.200.030    Interpretations of District Boundaries

40.200.040    Minimum and Maximum Calculations

40.200.050    Exceptions to Lot Size Standards

40.200.060    Exceptions to Height Limitations

40.200.070    Exceptions to Setback Requirements

40.200.080    Special Setback Lines

40.200.090    Sustainable Communities Pilot Program

Chapter 40.210    Resource and Rural Districts

40.210.010    Forest, Agriculture and Agricultural-Wildlife Districts (FR-80, FR-40, AG-20, AG-WL)

40.210.020    Rural Districts (R-20, R-10, R-5)

40.210.030    Rural Center Residential Districts (RC-2.5, RC-1)

40.210.040    Urban Reserve Districts (UR-40, UR-20, UR-10)

40.210.050    Rural Commercial Districts (CR-1, CR-2)

Chapter 40.220    Urban Residential Districts

40.220.010    Single-Family Residential Districts (R1-20, R1-10, R1-7.5, R1-6 and R1-5)

40.220.020    Residential and Office Residential Districts (R, OR)

Chapter 40.230    Commercial, Business, Mixed Use and Industrial Districts

40.230.010    Commercial Districts (C-2, C-3, GC)

40.230.020    Mixed Use District (MX)

40.230.050    University District (U)

40.230.060    Airport District (A)

40.230.070    Urban Holding Districts (UH-10, UH-20, UH-40)

40.230.085    Employment Districts (IL, IH, IR, BP)

Chapter 40.240    Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area Districts

40.240.010    Purpose and Authority

40.240.020    Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Designations

40.240.030    Amendments to This Section

40.240.040    Definitions

40.240.050    Applications and Procedures

40.240.060    Expedited Development Review Process

40.240.070    Emergency/Disaster Response Actions

40.240.100    Exempt Land Uses and Activities

40.240.110    Prohibited Land Uses and Activities

40.240.120    Uses Allowed Outright

40.240.130    Agricultural Buffer Zones in the General Management Area

40.240.140    Buffers from Existing Recreation Sites

40.240.150    Variances from Setbacks and Buffers (GMA)

40.240.160    Applying New Less-Stringent Regulations to Development Approved Under Prior Scenic Area Regulations

40.240.170    Existing and Discontinued Uses

40.240.180    Indian Tribal Treaty Rights and Consultation

40.240.200    Agricultural Buildings

40.240.205    Horse Boarding Facilities

40.240.210    Temporary Use Hardship Dwellings

40.240.220    Sewer and Water Services

40.240.230    Docks and Boathouses

40.240.240    Home Occupations and Cottage Industries

40.240.250    Bed and Breakfast Inns

40.240.260    Small-Scale Fishing Support and Fish Processing Operations

40.240.270    Resource Enhancement Projects

40.240.280    Disposal Sites for Spoil Materials from Public Road Maintenance Activities

40.240.290    Commercial Events

40.240.300    Signs

40.240.310    Special Uses in Historic Buildings

40.240.370    Land Divisions and Cluster Development

40.240.380    Lot Line Adjustments

40.240.390    Consolidation of Lots

40.240.400    Agricultural Land Designations

40.240.410    Uses Allowed Outright – Agricultural Land

40.240.420    Uses Allowed Through the Expedited Development Review Process – Agricultural Land

40.240.430    Review Uses – Agricultural Land

40.240.440    Review Uses with Additional Approval Criteria, Large‑Scale or Small‑Scale Agriculture Designations

40.240.450    Approval Criteria for Life Estates – Gorge Large-Scale or Small‑Scale Agriculture Zones

40.240.460    Approval Criteria for Specified Review Uses on Lands Zoned Gorge Large-Scale or Small‑Scale Agriculture

40.240.470    Dimensional Standards

40.240.480    Forest Land Designations

40.240.490    Uses Allowed Outright – Forest Land

40.240.500    Uses Allowed through the Expedited Development Review Process – Forest Land

40.240.510    Review Uses – Forest Land

40.240.520    Review Uses with Additional Approval Criteria for Gorge Small Woodland Designations

40.240.530    Approval Criteria for Specified Review Uses on Lands Zoned Gorge Small Woodland

40.240.540    Approval Criteria for Fire Protection in Forest Designations

40.240.550    Approval Criteria for Siting of Dwellings on Forest Land

40.240.560    Approval Criteria for Life Estates in Gorge Small Woodland

40.240.570    Dimensional Standards – Forest Land

40.240.580    Open Space Designations

40.240.590    Uses Allowed Outright – Open Space

40.240.600    Uses Allowed Through the Expedited Development Review Process – Open Space

40.240.610    Review Uses – Open Space

40.240.620    Residential Land Designations

40.240.630    Uses Allowed Outright – Residential Land

40.240.640    Uses Allowed Through the Expedited Development Review Process – Residential Land

40.240.650    Review Uses – Residential Land

40.240.660    Review Uses with Additional Approval Criteria – Residential Land

40.240.670    Approval Criteria for Specified Review Uses on Lands Zoned Residential

40.240.680    Dimensional Standards

40.240.690    Recreation

40.240.700    Uses Allowed Outright – Public Recreation

40.240.710    Uses Allowed Through the Expedited Development Review Process – Public Recreation

40.240.720    Review Uses – Public Recreation

40.240.730    Approval Criteria for Non‑Recreation Uses in Gorge Public Recreation Zones

40.240.800    General Management Area Scenic Review Criteria

40.240.810    Special Management Area Scenic Review Criteria

40.240.820    General Management Area Cultural Resource Review Criteria

40.240.830    Special Management Area Cultural Resource Review Criteria

40.240.840    General Management Area Wetland Review Criteria

40.240.850    General Management Area Stream, Pond, Lake and Riparian Area Review Criteria

40.240.860    General Management Area Sensitive Wildlife Review Criteria

40.240.870    General Management Areas Rare Plant Review Criteria

40.240.880    Special Areas Natural Resource Review Criteria

40.240.890    General Management Areas Recreation Resource Review Criteria

40.240.900    Special Management Area Recreation Resource Review Criteria

Chapter 40.250    Overlay Districts

40.250.010    Airport Environs Overlay Districts (AE-1, AE-2)

40.250.020    Surface Mining Overlay District (S)

40.250.030    Historic Preservation

40.250.040    Existing Resort Overlay District

40.250.050    Highway 99 Overlay District

40.250.060    Mill Creek Overlay District

40.250.070    Railroad Overlay District (RR)

40.250.080    Rural Center Mixed Use Overlay District (RC-MX)

Chapter 40.260    Special Uses and Standards

40.260.010    Accessory Buildings and Uses

40.260.020    Accessory Dwelling Units

40.260.025    Agricultural Stands and Markets

40.260.030    Ambulance Dispatch Facility

40.260.040    Animal Feed Yards, Animal Sales Yards, Animal Boarding Facilities, Animal Day Use Facilities, and Equestrian Facilities

40.260.050    Bed and Breakfast Establishments

40.260.055    Coffee and Food Stands

40.260.070    Community Buildings, Social Halls, Lodges, Fraternal Organizations, Clubs, Public and Private Schools, Private Recreational Facilities and Churches

40.260.073    Cottage Housing

40.260.075    Electric Vehicle Infrastructure

40.260.080    Forest Practices

40.260.090    Garage Sales

40.260.100    Home Businesses

40.260.105    Housing for Temporary Workers

40.260.110    Kennels

40.260.120    Mines, Quarries and Gravel Pits

40.260.130    Mobile Homes On Individual Lots – Standards and Requirements

40.260.140    Mobile Home Parks – Standards and Requirements

40.260.150    Multi-family Residential Outdoor Recreation Area Standards

40.260.155    Narrow Lot Development Standards

40.260.157    Neighborhood Parks

40.260.160    Nursery Schools, Preschools, Kindergartens, Commercial Day Care Centers, and Family Day Care

40.260.165    Opiate Substitution Treatment Facilities

40.260.170    Private Use Landing Strips for Airports and Heliports

40.260.175    Residential Building Permits on Unfinished Plats

40.260.180    Residential Care Facilities and Homes

40.260.190    Retirement Housing

40.260.200    Solid Waste Handling and Disposal Sites

40.260.205    Staffed Residential Homes

40.260.210    Temporary Dwellings

40.260.220    Temporary Uses and Structures

40.260.235    Urban Livestock

40.260.240    Utilities (Other Than Wireless Communications Facilities)

40.260.245    Wineries

40.260.250    Wireless Communications Facilities

40.260.260    Zero Lot Line Developments

SUBTITLE 40.3    DESIGN STANDARDS

Chapter 40.310    Signs

40.310.010    Sign Standards

Chapter 40.320    Landscaping and Screening

40.320.010    Landscaping and Screening on Private Property

40.320.020    Landscaping in Public Rights-of-Way

40.320.030    Landscaping Plans

Chapter 40.330    Crime Prevention and Safety

40.330.010    Crime Prevention and Safety Guidelines

Chapter 40.340    Parking and Loading

40.340.010    Parking and Loading Standards

40.340.020    Access and Circulation Standards

40.340.030    Neighborhood Parking Plan

Chapter 40.350    Transportation and Circulation

40.350.010    Pedestrian/Bicycle Circulation Standards

40.350.020    Transportation Concurrency Management System

40.350.030    Street and Road Standards

40.350.040    Private Bridges

Chapter 40.360    Solid Waste and Recycling

40.360.010    Applicability

40.360.020    Amount of Storage Required

40.360.030    Location, Design and Access Standards

Chapter 40.370    Sewer and Water

40.370.010    Sewerage Regulations

40.370.020    Water Supply

Chapter 40.385    Stormwater and Erosion Control

40.385.010    Introduction

40.385.020    Standards – Stormwater Control

40.385.030    Standards – Erosion Control

40.385.040    Administration

SUBTITLE 40.4    CRITICAL AREAS AND SHORELINES

Chapter 40.410    Critical Aquifer Recharge Areas (CARAs)

40.410.010    Introduction

40.410.020    Standards

40.410.030    Administration

40.410.040    Incentives, Education, and Technical Assistance

Chapter 40.420    Flood Hazard Areas

40.420.010    Introduction

40.420.020    Standards

40.420.030    Administration

Chapter 40.430    Geologic Hazard Areas

40.430.010    Introduction

40.430.020    Standards

40.430.030    Administration

Chapter 40.440    Habitat Conservation

40.440.010    Introduction

40.440.020    Standards and Nonregulatory Measures

40.440.030    Administration

40.440.040    Specific Activities

Chapter 40.450    Wetland Protection

40.450.010    Introduction

40.450.020    Rating Systems

40.450.030    Standards

40.450.040    Wetland Permits

Chapter 40.460    Shoreline Master Program

40.460.100    Introduction

40.460.110    Title

40.460.120    Adoption Authority

40.460.130    Purpose and Intent

40.460.140    Governing Principles

40.460.150    Liberal Construction

40.460.160    Severability

40.460.170    Relationship to Other Plans and Regulations

40.460.180    Composition of the Shoreline Master Program (Program)

40.460.190    Effective Date

40.460.200    Applicability, Shoreline Permits and Exemptions

40.460.210    Applicability

40.460.220    Shoreline Substantial Development Permit Required

40.460.230    Exemptions from a Shoreline Substantial Development Permit

40.460.240    Prohibited Uses

40.460.250    Nonconforming Uses and Development

40.460.260    Shoreline Variance

40.460.270    Shoreline Conditional Use Permit

40.460.300    Shoreline Master Program Goals and Policies

40.460.400    Shoreline Designations

40.460.410    Introduction

40.460.420    Authority

40.460.430    Shoreline Designations

40.460.440    Official Shoreline Map

40.460.500    General Shoreline Use and Development Regulations

40.460.510    General Shoreline Use and Development Regulations

40.460.520    Archaeological, Cultural, and Historic Resources

40.460.530    Critical Areas Protection

40.460.540    Public Access

40.460.550    Restoration

40.460.560    Site Planning and Development

40.460.570    Vegetation Conservation

40.460.580    Views and Aesthetics

40.460.590    Water Quality and Quantity

40.460.600    Specific Shoreline Use Regulations

40.460.610    General Provisions

40.460.620    Shoreline Use, Modification, and Standards Table

40.460.630    Use-Specific Development Regulations

40.460.640    Shoreline Modification Regulations

40.460.700    Administration and Enforcement

40.460.705    General Provisions

40.460.710    Administrative Authority and Responsibility

40.460.715    Pre-Application Conference

40.460.720    Permit Submittal Requirements

40.460.725    Application Review Requirements

40.460.730    Revisions to Permits

40.460.735    Appeals

40.460.740    Commencement of Development Activity and Permit Validity

40.460.745    Enforcement

40.460.750    Public and Private Redress

40.460.755    Fees for Permits Obtained After Development

40.460.760    Revocation of Permits

40.460.800    Definitions

SUBTITLE 40.5    PROCEDURES

Chapter 40.500    Overview of Procedures

40.500.010    Summary of Procedures and Processes

Chapter 40.510    Type I, II, III and IV Processes

40.510.010    Type I Process – Ministerial Decisions

40.510.020    Type II Process – Administrative Decisions

40.510.025    Type II-A Process – Administrative Decisions

40.510.030    Type III Process – Quasi-Judicial Decisions

40.510.040    Type IV Process – Legislative Decisions

40.510.050    Application Submittal Requirements

Chapter 40.520    Permits and Reviews

40.520.010    Legal Lot Determination

40.520.020    Uses Subject to Review and Approval (R/A)

40.520.030    Conditional Use Permits

40.520.040    Site Plan Review

40.520.050    Sign Permits

40.520.060    Post-Decision Review

40.520.070    Master Planned Development

40.520.080    Planned Unit Development

Chapter 40.530    Nonconforming Uses, Structures and Lots

40.530.010    Nonconforming Lots, Structures and Uses

Chapter 40.540    Boundary Line Adjustments and Land Divisions

40.540.010    Boundary Line Adjustments

40.540.020    Land Division – Introduction

40.540.030    Short Plats

40.540.040    Subdivisions

40.540.050    Park Sites Reservation

40.540.060    Drafting Standards – Preliminary and Final Plats

40.540.070    Final Plat

40.540.080    Construction of Required Improvements

40.540.090    Monumentation

40.540.100    Survey Standards

40.540.110    Recording Land Surveys

40.540.120    Alteration and Vacation of Final Plats

Chapter 40.550    Modifications and Variances

40.550.010    Road Modifications

40.550.020    Variances

Chapter 40.560    Plan and Code Amendments

40.560.010    Plan Amendment Procedures

40.560.020    Changes to Districts, Amendments, Alterations

40.560.030    Amendments Docket

Chapter 40.570    State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA)

40.570.010    Authority and Contents

40.570.020    General Requirements

40.570.030    Definitions

40.570.040    Threshold Determinations

40.570.050    Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)

40.570.060    Notification and Commenting

40.570.070    Use of Existing Environmental Documents

40.570.080    SEPA and County Decisions

40.570.090    Categorical Exemptions

40.570.100    Agency Compliance

40.570.110    Forms

SUBTITLE 40.6    DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEES

Chapter 40.610    Development Impact Fees – General Provisions

40.610.010    Statutory Authority – Purpose

40.610.020    Definitions

40.610.030    Applicability of Impact Fee

40.610.040    Imposition of Impact Fee

40.610.050    Establishment of Development Service Areas

Chapter 40.620    Calculation of Development Impact Fees

40.620.010    Traffic Impact Fee Formula

40.620.020    Park Impact Fee Component

40.620.030    School Impact Fee – Capital Facilities Plan

40.620.040    School Impact Fee Component

Chapter 40.630    Procedures

40.630.010    Impact Fee Revision

40.630.020    Impact Fee Schedule

40.630.030    Calculation of Impact Fee

40.630.040    Collection of Impact Fee

40.630.050    Impact Fee Exemptions

40.630.060    Impact Fee Credits

40.630.070    Appeals

40.630.080    Impact Fee Fund

40.630.090    Interlocal Agreements

40.630.100    Expenditures

40.630.110    Refunds

40.630.120    Impact Fee as Additional and Supplemental Requirement

APPENDICES

Appendix A    Mixed Use Design Standards

Appendix B    Shoreline Master Program

Appendix C    Reserved

Appendix D    Reserved

Appendix E    List of Title 40 Amending Ordinances

Appendix F    Highway 99 Overlay District Standards