Chapter 20.05
REQUIREMENTS FOR THE INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE OF FIRE ALARM AND AUTOMATIC SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

Sections:

20.05.010    Purpose.

20.05.020    Fire alarm and automatic sprinkler system requirements.

20.05.030    Severability.

20.05.040    Violations – Penalties.

20.05.010 Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to specify the requirements for fire alarm and automatic sprinkler systems, providing that degree of public safety from fire which can reasonably be required.

A. The requirements contained in this chapter govern when such systems shall be installed and maintained on the premises and the occupancies as specified.

B. In the event of any conflict between this chapter and the provisions of the International Fire Code and the International Building Code, the most restrictive standards shall govern. [Ord. 01-11 § 1.02].

20.05.020 Fire alarm and automatic sprinkler system requirements.

A. Where Required. An approved fire alarm system and automatic sprinkler system shall be installed throughout all buildings constructed whose total floor area, or other requirements, meets or exceeds that listed in Table 20.05.020.

B. Exception. A fire barrier meeting the requirements of the International Building Code may be provided to divide buildings in excess of those square footages listed in Table 20.05.020.

C. Structures housing mixed occupancies when the sum of the ratios of actual area divided by allowable area (Table 20.05.020 for each occupancy) meets or exceeds one.

D. All fire alarm systems shall meet the requirements of RMC 20.06.070.

E. Fire alarms and automatic fire sprinkler system alarms shall be transmitted to an approved fire dispatch center or an approved receiving center in a manner approved by the fire code official.

F. Any building which proposes an addition or change of use or change of occupancy where the existing building currently exceeds the square footage or occupant loads shown in this title and Table 20.05.020 and any building which will exceed the square footage or occupant loads shown in those tables after the proposed addition(s) shall comply with those requirements for fire alarms, fire sprinklers, and/or fire areas.

Table 20.05.020
 

OCCUPANCY GROUP

OCCUPANCY DETAILS

FAS

FIRE ALARM REQUIREMENTS

CODE

FIRE SPRINKLER REQUIREMENTS

CODE

All (Except R3 and U)

IFC 907.2.12 – 907.7.3.2 may apply

Floor > 25 feet above FD access

> 20 sprinkler heads

IFC

RMC

IFC

IFC 903.2.11 – 903.2.12 may apply

> 36 feet above FD access and > 30 occupants

IFC

RMC

A1

Motion picture theaters, symphony/concert halls, theaters

2

≥ 300 occupants

≥ 4,500 SF

≥ 1,000 occupants –voice required

IFC

RMC

IFC

FA > 9,000 SF

FA ≥ 300 occupants

FA on floor other than level of discharge

FA contains a multi-theater

RMC

IFC

IFC

IFC

A2

Banquet halls, night clubs, taverns, bars, restaurants

2

≥ 100 occupants

≥ 4,500 SF

≥ 1,000 occupants – voice required

IFC

RMC

IFC

FA > 5,000 SF

Nightclub – all

FA ≥ 100 occupants

FA on floor other than level of discharge

IFC

WAC

IFC

IFC

A3

Churches, gyms, library

2

≥ 300 occupants

≥ 4,500 SF

≥ 1,000 occupants – voice required

IFC

RMC

IFC

FA > 9,000 SF

> 300 occupant load

FA on floor other than level of discharge

RMC

IFC

IFC

A4

Indoor sports viewing

2

≥ 300 occupants

≥ 4,500 SF

≥ 1,000 occupants – voice required

IFC

RMC

IFC

FA > 9,000 SF

> 300 occupant load

FA on floor other than level of discharge

RMC

IFC

IFC

A5

Outdoor sports viewing

2

≥ 300 occupants

≥ 1,000 occupants – voice required

IFC

IFC

> 1,000 SF concession, retail, press box, other accessory use areas

IFC

B

Businesses – banks, barbers, clinics, > 12th grade education, labs, offices

2

≥ 6,000 SF

≥ 500 occupants

> 100 occupants above or below exit level

FA contains ambulatory health care facility

RMC

IFC

IFC

IFC

≥ 12,000 SF

RMC

E

K-12 education

2

All

RMC

> 50 children

Portable classroom cluster > 5,000 SF

WAC

WAC

F1

Moderate hazard – appliances, bakeries, clothing, furniture, etc.

3

≥ 6,000 SF

Two or more stories in height and

Combined occupant load ≥ 500

RMC

IFC

IFC

≥ 12,000 SF FA

FA > 3 stories above grade

Woodworking operations > 2,500 SF

IFC

IFC

IFC

F2

Low hazard – beverages, brick, metal fabrication, etc.

2

≥ 9,000 SF

Two or more stories in height and

Combined occupant load ≥ 500

RMC

IFC

IFC

≥ 12,000 SF

RMC

H1

High hazard – explosives

4

All

RMC

All

IFC

H2

High hazard – combustibles & flammables

4

All

RMC

All

IFC

H3

High hazard – liquids

3

All

RMC

All

IFC

H4

Corrosives, toxics

2

All

RMC

All

IFC

H5

Semiconductor facilities

2

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

I1

Assisted living

2

All

RMC

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

I2

Hospital, nursing home

2

All

RMC

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

I3

Detention facilities

2

All

RMC

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

I4

Day care facilities any age

< 24 hours > 5 persons

2

All

RMC

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

M

Retail, wholesale

2

≥ 6,000 SF

≥ 500 occupants

≥ 100 occupants above or below discharge

RMC

IFC

IFC

12,000 SF

FA > 3 stories above grade

Any upholstered furniture on display or sale

All buildings as required by RMC Title 23

IFC

IFC

IFC


IFC

R1

Hotels & motels (transient)

2

All

Carbon monoxide

RMC

WAC

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

R2

Apartments (non-transient)

2

All

Carbon monoxide

RMC

WAC

Any building containing this occupancy group

IFC

R3

Single-family, duplex, child care ≥ 5 persons < 24 hours

2

Single station smoke alarm

Carbon monoxide

IFC

WAC

Any building containing this occupancy group

WAC

S1

Moderate hazard – furniture, lumber, etc.

3

≥ 6,000 SF

RMC

≥ 12,000 SF

FA > 3 stories above grade

Storage of trucks and buses > 5,000 SF

IFC

IFC

IFC

Repair garages

3

≥ 6,000 SF

RMC

≥ 12,000 SF

2 or more floors > 10,000 SF

Repair garage vehicles in basement

Commercial vehicle repair > 5,000 SF

IFC

IFC

IFC

IFC

Bulk tire storage

3

≥ 6,000 SF

RMC

≥ 12,000 SF

RMC

S2

Low hazard – parking garages, metal, glass

2

≥ 6,000 SF

RMC

All ≥ 12,000 SF

Parking beneath other groups except R3

Commercial garage trucks or buses > 5,000 SF

RMC

IFC

IFC

U

Agriculture, towers, sheds

1

None

None

FAS = Fire area separation from IBC Table 707.3.9    RMC = Richland Municipal Code Title 20

FA = Fire Area    IFC = International Fire Code

SF = Square Feet    WAC = Chapter 51-54 Washington Administrative Code

[Ord. 01-11 § 1.02].

20.05.030 Severability.

The invalidity of any article, section, subsection, provision, clause or portion thereof, or the invalidity of the application thereof to any person or circumstance, shall not affect the validity of the remainder of this chapter or the validity of its application to other persons or circumstances. [Ord. 01-11 § 1.02].

20.05.040 Violations – Penalties.

A. It is unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to violate any of the provisions of this chapter. Any person who has violated any provision of this chapter shall have committed a civil infraction subject to a civil penalty as set forth in RMC 10.02.050(E).

B. For any violation of a continuing nature, each day’s violation shall be considered a separate offense and shall subject the offender to the above penalties for each offense. [Ord. 01-11 § 1.02].