Chapter 21.05


21.05.010    Definitions.

21.05.020    Purpose and intent.

21.05.030    Applicability.

21.05.040    Responsibility and administration.

21.05.050    Standards, principles, and methods.

21.05.060    Limitations.

21.05.070    Review of addressing actions.

21.05.010 Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter:

Addressable feature” means a constructed or proposed improvement with a fixed location that requires a street address for an owner’s business or personal purpose or for the potential delivery of emergency services.

Addressing site plan” means a map prepared to scale depicting the development of a tract of land, drawn on a recent air photo base map which shows road centerlines, lot lines, and an access driveway; the access location point associated with a named road centerline; and any relevant addressable features; scale may vary to more accurately depict the required features.

AHJ” means the authority having jurisdiction for a particular function or service such as fire service, road service, or 911 call taking.

Alley” means a right-of-way designed and intended to provide a secondary means of public access to abutting properties and not intended for general traffic circulation.

Commercial unit” means a room or group of rooms providing space for business or commerce.

Department” means the department of emergency operations and its employees and agents.

Director” means the director of emergency operations or his or her designee.

Driveway” means a thoroughfare between a named road and an addressable feature.

Dwelling unit” means a room or group of rooms providing shelter and living facilities for one or more persons.

Fairbanks base line” means the east-west line that runs through the initial point and with the Fairbanks principal meridian forms the basis of the public land survey system within the borough.

Fairbanks principal meridian” means the north-south line that runs through the initial point and with the Fairbanks base line forms the basis of the public land survey system within the borough.

FNSB GIS” means the Fairbanks North Star Borough’s geographical information system, a computer system maintained by the borough for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to positions on the Earth’s surface.

Initial point” means the intersection of the Fairbanks principal meridian and the Fairbanks base line, labeled on the USGS Fairbanks D-2SE map; it is located approximately at the summit of Birch Hill.

Named road” means a road which has been named by platting action or by an agency having road naming jurisdiction.

Private road” means a road not dedicated to public use.

Road” means a thoroughfare along which wheeled vehicles may travel at least part of the year.

Road centerline” means a digital feature and associated attributes maintained in the FNSB GIS which indicates the center of a thoroughfare in Earth coordinates.

Street address” means a description of a point location by reference to an access point off a named road or thoroughfare.

Sub-address” means a descriptor that specifies one of a group of locations associated with a single valid street address (e.g., 100 Spruce St Apt 101, 100 Spruce St Suite 103, etc.).

Thoroughfare” means a road, path, route, or other physical feature via which people or vehicles travel from one place to another, including rivers, streams, trails, and winter trails along which emergency services may be delivered or commerce may flow.

Unit” means a constructed space, room, or group of rooms, with specific boundaries.

USGS” means the United States Geological Survey.

Vacant” means a lot or parcel of land on which no improvements (including buildings or meter poles) have been constructed. (Ord. 2017-12 § 2, 2017.)

21.05.020 Purpose and intent.

It is the purpose of this chapter to provide an official method for assigning street addresses within the borough. Street addresses are an essential component to accurate dispatch/delivery of emergency services, and a necessary framework for profitable commerce and efficient transportation within the borough. A borough street addressing system which aligns with national street addressing standards will additionally benefit borough residents during emergencies which require aid from state or federal agencies.

Official addressing data will be maintained in the FNSB GIS and available to the public and agencies such as the USPS, telecommunications companies, utilities, and private delivery companies. (Ord. 2017-12 § 2, 2017.)

21.05.030 Applicability.

This chapter shall apply to street address assignments for all areas of the borough, excluding Eielson Air Force Base and Fort Wainwright. All street address assignments shall comply with the standards, principles, and methods described in this chapter. Within the cities of Fairbanks and North Pole street addressing shall be based on the respective city’s historical system, except where appropriate to produce a more consistent and logical pattern of street addressing. Where the borough-wide numbering system adjoins the cities’ systems, numbering shall be made as compatible and complementary as possible. (Ord. 2017-12 § 2, 2017.)

21.05.040 Responsibility and administration.

The director shall have responsibility for issuing street addresses and maintaining a street address system for the borough and enforcing this chapter. Nothing in this chapter should be interpreted to prevent the director from deviating on a case-by-case basis from the standards, principles, and methods described below when necessary to produce a more consistent and logical addressing system that promotes public safety and rapid emergency response. (Ord. 2017-12 § 2, 2017.)

21.05.050 Standards, principles, and methods.

A. The assignment of street addresses shall follow the standards set forth in this chapter as closely as possible. For addressing circumstances not specifically described in this chapter, the department may adopt additional standards as necessary to promote public safety.

B. Street address assignments and corrections may be initiated as follows:

1. Applicant Initiated. To request a new street address or address correction, a property owner or their representative shall submit a street address application approved by the department and an addressing site plan. The director will review the application and assign or correct the street address using the principles and methods in this chapter and based on information provided in the application. If access to an improvement changes significantly (e.g., a new driveway access is constructed off a different named road) or access point moves by more than 16.5 feet, the owner shall initiate a correction. If the owner does not initiate a correction then the borough may initiate a correction.

2. Borough Initiated. If the director concludes that an existing street address assignment could delay, or actually has delayed, an emergency response to a 911 call location, the borough may require a street address assignment or correction in conjunction with the local fire, emergency medical, or law enforcement AHJ. In order to minimize the disruption of the owner’s or resident’s commercial and personal business the effective date of an addressing change under this subsection may be delayed up to one year.

C. Street addressing shall be done in accordance with the principles and methods herein:

1. Street addresses shall only reference named road centerlines and shall not reference unnamed thoroughfares such as alleys, ramps, or frontage roads. Nominal street addresses may be assigned to non-road thoroughfares (e.g., rivers) if the assignment serves a public safety or an owner’s personal use interest and the location is not accessible via a road. The thoroughfare name and location must be recognized in FNSB GIS or the USGS Dictionary of Alaska Place Names.

2. Road centerlines shall be based on the most recent recorded plat, if any, and adjusted in accordance with constructed roads as depicted on the most recent aerial imagery. Street address numeric ranges (left-from, left-to, right-from, right-to) and odd-even parity shall be assigned to the constructed road centerline segments.

3. Road centerline numeric ranges shall be based upon the Fairbanks meridian for east/west numbering and the Fairbanks base line for north/south numbering, unless an historical numbering scheme already in use in the area prevents this. Numeric ranges shall be assigned to be east/west (or north/south) numbering based on the general orientation of the road centerline starting at the end of a road centerline closest to the meridian (or base line) with a value equal to the distance in feet from the associated meridian (or base line) divided by 16.5 and continue at the rate of one number every 16.5 feet along the road centerline path.

4. Street address numerics shall be assigned based on the information in the street address application and associated addressing site plan. The street address numeric shall be interpolated from the location of the access point with respect to the address range and parity assigned to the road centerline segment that the driveway intersects at the point of access.

5. Street address numerics shall be limited to non-zero positive integers greater than or equal to 100, unless an existing number pattern dictates the use of numbers between 1 and 100. Address numeric ranges on the north and east side of any road centerline shall be assigned an even number, unless the opposite convention is currently in use in the area. Address numeric ranges on the south and west side of any road shall be assigned an odd number, unless the opposite convention is currently in use in the area.

6. Sub-addresses shall consist of an assigned sub-address type (allowed are: APT, RM, UNIT, TRLR, LOT, SLIP, BLDG, STE, SPC, CABIN, OFC) and an assigned sub-address identifier (non-zero positive integers or English alphabet characters). Sub-address identifiers shall be assigned in a left to right order as viewed from the associated driveway unless another system is currently in use.

7. Residential or commercial structures with three or more dwelling units or commercial units shall be assigned one street address with associated sub-address for each separate dwelling or commercial unit designation (e.g., Apartment 1, 2, 3; Suite 101, 102; Room A, B, C, D, etc.).

8. In the case of multi-floor buildings, the sub-address identifier shall reflect the floor numbering system in use in the building. For example, sub-addresses on the first floor shall be numbered: Unit 101, 102, etc., second floor sub-addresses shall be in the two hundreds: Unit 201, 202, etc.

9. Structures with multiple entrances may receive a street address for each primary entrance and shall reference the named road centerline providing access.

10. Street addresses shall only reference a recognized, named road centerline. A separate official private road name is required for any unnamed road or driveway that provides access to five or more residential or commercial structures, or a driveway longer than 1,000 feet and providing access to three or more residential or commercial structures.

11. Street addressing assigned by the borough shall supersede any street address noted on condominium plats.

D. The property owners or occupants of a dwelling unit or commercial unit who have been assigned a street address have the responsibility to obtain and display in a prominent manner the correct numeric characters corresponding to the assigned address in accordance with the following:

1. The characters shall be a minimum of two and one-half inches in height and made of durable and clearly visible materials which provide a distinct contrast to the background on which the numbers are posted in night and day conditions. Reflective backgrounds are preferred.

2. The street address sign(s) shall be placed at conspicuous locations which are visible from the thoroughfare that the assigned street address references. Where the structure is not visible from the thoroughfare, the street address sign shall be placed at the intersection of the driveway and the named road providing access. If necessary to prevent confusion, additional street address signs may be placed at forks along the access road and near the entrance to the structure. (Ord. 2017-12 § 2, 2017.)

21.05.060 Limitations.

Assignment of addresses does not grant or deny legal or physical access to a property. The borough is not required to verify information provided by the owner or owner’s representative. It is the owner’s sole responsibility to establish legal and physical access to their property. (Ord. 2017-12 § 2, 2017.)

21.05.070 Review of addressing actions.

An owner or owner’s representative may request and shall receive review by the borough mayor of any addressing action under this chapter by filing a request within 90 days of notification of a street address assignment. The mayor may grant any relief that is in accordance with this chapter, or if new information is presented, may remand the matter to the director for further consideration. (Ord. 2017-45 § 2, 2017.)