Chapter 16.10
ABATEMENT OF DANGEROUS BUILDINGS – DEFINITIONS

Sections:

16.10.010    General.

16.10.020    Dangerous building.

16.10.010 General.

For the purpose of this code, certain terms, phrases, words and their derivatives shall be construed as specified in either this chapter or as specified in the building code or the housing code. Where terms are not defined, they shall have their ordinary accepted meanings within the context with which they are used. Webster’s Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged, copyright 1986, shall be construed as providing ordinary accepted meanings. Words used in the singular include the plural and the plural the singular. Words used in the masculine gender include the feminine and the masculine.

“Building code” is the Uniform Building Code promulgated by the International Conference of Building Officials as modified by the state of Alaska.

“Dangerous building” is any building or structure deemed to be dangerous under the provisions of KGBC 16.10.020(a) through (m).

“Housing code” is the Uniform Housing Code promulgated by the International Conference of Building Officials. [Ord. No. 1550, §1, 3-15-10. Code 1974 §75.30.010.]

16.10.020 Dangerous building.

For the purpose of this code, any building or structure which has any or all of the conditions or defects hereinafter described shall be deemed to be a dangerous building; provided, that such conditions or defects exist to the extent that the life, health, property or safety of the public or its occupants are endangered.

(a)    Whenever the walking surface of any aisle, passageway, stairway or other means of exit is so warped, worn, loose, torn or otherwise unsafe as to not provide safe and adequate means of exit in case of fire or panic.

(b)    Whenever any portion or member or appurtenance thereof is likely to fail, or to become detached or dislodged, or to collapse and thereby injure persons or damage property.

(c)    Whenever any portion thereof has wracked, warped, buckled or settled to such an extent that walls or other structural portions have materially less resistance to winds or earthquakes than is required in the case of similar new construction.

(d)    Whenever the building or structure, or any portion thereof, because of (1) dilapidation, deterioration or decay; (2) faulty construction; (3) the removal, movement or instability of any portion of the ground necessary for the purpose of supporting such building; (4) the deterioration, decay or inadequacy of its foundation; or (5) any other cause, is likely to partially or completely collapse.

(e)    Whenever, for any reason, the building or structure, or any portion thereof, is manifestly unsafe for the purpose for which it is being used.

(f)    Whenever the exterior walls or other vertical structural members list, lean or buckle to such an extent that a plumb line passing through the center of gravity does not fall inside the middle one-third (1/3) of the base.

(g)    Whenever the building or structure, exclusive of the foundation, shows thirty-three (33) percent or more damage or deterioration of its supporting member or members, or fifty (50) percent damage or deterioration of its nonsupporting members, building shell.

(h)    Whenever the building or structure has been so damaged by fire, wind, earthquake or flood, or has become so dilapidated or deteriorated as to become (1) an attractive nuisance to children; (2) a harbor for vagrants or criminals; or as to (3) enable persons to resort thereto for the purpose of committing unlawful or immoral acts.

(i)    Whenever any building or structure which, whether or not erected in accordance with all applicable laws and ordinances, has in any nonsupporting part, member or portion less than fifty (50) percent, or in any supporting part, member or portion less than sixty-six (66) percent of the (1) strength, (2) fire-resisting qualities or characteristics, or (3) weather-resisting qualities or characteristics required by law in the case of a newly constructed building of like area, height and occupancy in the same location.

(j)    Whenever a building or structure, used or intended to be used for dwelling purposes, because of inadequate maintenance, dilapidation, decay, damage, faulty construction or arrangement, inadequate light, air or sanitation facilities, or otherwise, is determined by the director of public works to be unsanitary, unfit for human habitation or in such a condition that is likely to cause sickness or disease.

(k)    Whenever any building or structure, because of obsolescence, dilapidated condition, deterioration, damage, inadequate exits, lack of sufficient fire-resistive construction, faulty electric wiring, gas connections or heating apparatus, or other cause, is determined to be a fire hazard by the director of public works or the fire chief of the fire department within whose boundaries the structure is located.

(l)    Whenever any building or structure is in such a condition as to constitute a public nuisance according to accepted standards of what constitutes a public nuisance.

(m)    Whenever any portion of a building or structure remains on a site after the demolition or destruction of the building or structure or whenever any building or structure is abandoned for a period in excess of six (6) months so as to constitute such building or portion thereof an attractive nuisance or hazard to the public. [Ord. No. 1550, §1, 3-15-10. Code 1974 §75.30.020.]