Chapter 18.25
COMMERCIAL ZONES

Sections:

18.25.010    Intent.

18.25.020    Land use table.

18.25.030    Development requirements for principal and accessory uses.

18.25.040    Off-street parking requirements.

18.25.050    Commercial sign and advertising devices.

18.25.010 Intent.

(a)    CD Zone – Development Commercial Zone. The CD zone is established to provide for the development of unified shopping centers providing frequently needed goods and services in outlying portions of the borough. This zone is designed to encourage development at a time when the market is adequately developed to support a shopping center and to discourage scattered and premature commercial development.

(b)    CC Zone – Central Commercial Zone. The CC zone is established to provide for the area of intensive land use and highly valued property in the core of the central business district. Uses are permitted and prohibited with the intention of reserving this zone for commercial activities which are mutually beneficial if located together in an area of concentrated development. Ground floor frontage is generally limited to those uses requiring window display area or walk-in trade. To accomplish this intent, major manufacturing uses are prohibited and automotive uses and other uses which would interfere with pedestrian and vehicular circulation are permitted only under certain conditions.

(c)    CG Zone – General Commercial Zone. The CG zone is established to provide for areas where a broad range of retail, wholesale and service establishments is desirable. Uses are regulated to concentrate commercial development as far as possible and to prevent any uses which would have an adverse effect upon adjoining commercial and nearby residential properties.

(d)    FD Zone – Future Development Zone. The FD zone is established to apply to areas which should be preserved in a natural state to be used primarily as recreation areas and as watersheds and wildlife reserves. This zone also applies to areas of natural resources which, where possible, should be conserved and extracted on a sustained yield basis and should be developed in a manner which is not harmful to nearby recreational and residential uses. [Ord. No. 1726, §1, 8-4-14.]

18.25.020 Land use table.

(a)    The land use table provides a list of uses and the corresponding zoning classifications where the use is categorized as either accessory, permitted, permitted with standards or as a conditional use. Any use or structure not listed under permitted, accessory, permitted with standards or conditional uses shall be prohibited.

(b)    Accessory Uses (A). Accessory uses customarily incidental and clearly subordinate to permitted principal, conditional, and permitted with standards uses are listed in the land use table with an “A.” These uses are allowed if they comply with the development standards, other standards of this title, are on the same parcel as the permitted use they are accessory to, and do not create a hazard or nuisance.

(c)    Permitted Uses (P). Uses permitted in the commercial zones are listed in the land use table with a “P.” These uses are allowed if they comply with the development standards and other standards of this title.

(d)    Permitted with Standards (P/S). Uses permitted that are subject to specific limitations that are listed in Chapter 18.45 KGBC for the particular use and the specific review process outlined in Chapter 18.55 KGBC are listed in the land use table with a “P/S.” These uses are also subject to the development standards and other standards of this title.

(e)    Conditional Uses (C). Uses that are allowed if approved through the conditional use review process are listed in the land use table with a “C.” These uses are allowed provided they comply with the conditional use approval criteria for that use, the development standards and other standards of this title, the conditional use review procedure and review criteria, and specific conditional use standards as stated in KGBC 18.55.050 and Chapter 18.50 KGBC, respectively.

(f)    Prohibited Uses (X). Uses listed in the land use table with an “X” are prohibited as principal, conditional, or permitted with standards uses, but can be allowed as accessory uses to specific permitted uses. Also prohibited is any use or structures not listed under permitted principal, accessory or conditional uses.

(g)    Land Use Table.

Use Listing

Central Commercial (CC)

Commercial Development (CD)

General Commercial (CG)

Future Development (FD)

A = Accessory C = Conditional1 P = Permitted2 P/S = Permitted with standards2 X = Prohibited

Accessory uses such as garages, sheds, decks, greenhouses, play areas, and off-street parking

A

A

A

A

All tax-exempt uses11

C

X

C

X

Auto sales agencies12

C

X

P

X

Automobile repair, minor and major12

C

X

C

X

Bakeries

X

X

P

X

Banks

P

X

P

X

Boarding kennels16

X

X

C

X

Boathouses

A

A

A

A

Business and consumer services

P

X

P

X

Business and professional offices

P

X

P

X

Campgrounds, hunting and fishing areas, skiing areas and other developments for outdoor recreation

X

X

X

P

Commercial day cares and preschool facilities

P

X

P

X

Commercial mobile buildings on nonresidential construction sites4, 24

C

C

C

C

Commercial recreational uses

P

X

P

X

Commercial shopping centers3

C

C

C

X

Cottage industries20

X

X

X

C

Dormitories9

P/S

X

P/S

X

Drive-in businesses12

C

X

P

X

Essential services

P

P

P

P

Float plane facilities

X

X

C

X

Forest reserves and agriculture

X

X

X

P

Gasoline service stations12

C

X

P

X

Heliports and helistops

C

X

C

X

Hotels and motels

P

X

P

P

Hot-mix asphalt plants and concrete batch plants, related machinery and materials, and stockpiling and storage of related materials and machinery23

C

C

C

C

Keeping of animals solely for the personal, noncommercial use of the owner or occupant of the lot on which the animals are located; provided that no pen, coop, stable, corral, or other animal structures or enclosures shall be located within a required front, side, or rear yard26

A

A

A

A

Laundromats

X

X

P

X

Light manufacturing, fabricating, assembling and repairing13

C

X

X

X

Lodges

P

X

P

P

Logging, mining and extraction of natural resources17

X

X

X

P

Manufacturing, fabricating, assembling, enclosed storage, and repairing, including automotive repair14

X

X

C

X

Marijuana cultivation facility

C

X

P/S(C)

X

Marijuana cultivation facility, limited

C

X

P/S(C)

X

Marijuana establishment

C

X

P/S(C)

X

Marijuana product manufacturing facility

C

X

P/S(C)

X

Marijuana retail store

C

X

P/S(C)

X

Marijuana testing facility

P

X

P

X

Mobile building sales lots15

X

X

C

X

Mobile buildings as watchman’s quarters provided it is a temporary use associated with the development of a commercial shopping center and telecommunications facility4

X

C

X

X

Mobile buildings such as offices, commercial or watchman’s quarters4

C

C

C

X

Multiple-family dwellings9

P/S

X

P/S

X

Natural resource extraction

C

C

C

P17

Natural resource processing25

C

C

C

C

Newspaper and printing establishments

P

X

P

X

One-family dwellings9

P/S

X

P/S

P19

Private clubs, fraternal organizations, union halls, hiring halls and social halls, except establishments operating under a beverage dispensary or club license from the State of Alaska Alcohol Beverage Control Board

P

X

P

X

Public and private off-street parking lots12

C

X

P

X

Radio and television studios

P

X

P

X

Residential mobile buildings on construction sites4, 24

C

X

C

C

Residential use of commercial space8

P/S

X

P/S

X

Retail and wholesale businesses

P

X

P

X

Rooming and boarding houses9

P/S

X

P/S

X

Signs6

A

A

A

A

Site development associated with development for which a zoning permit has been issued

A

A

A

A

Small scale food and seafood processing operations

X

X

C

X

Storage of explosives18

X

X

X

C

Telecommunications antennas7

A

A

A

A

Telecommunications facilities5

C

C

C

C

Temporary uses and buildings10

P/S

P/S

P/S

P/S

Theaters

P

X

P

X

Tire recapping and other automobile uses12

C

X

C

X

Travel trailer parks15

C

X

C

C

Triplex dwellings9

P/S

X

P/S

X

Two-family dwellings9

P/S

X

P/S

X

Veterinary clinics

X

X

C

X

Watershed reserves and wildlife preserves

X

X

X

P

 

1 = Conditional use permit process is outlined in KGBC 18.55.050.

2 = Permitted uses and permitted uses with standards are initiated through the zoning permit process, which is outlined within KGBC 18.55.020.

3 = Commercial shopping centers are subject to specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.050.

4= Mobile buildings on commercial lots are subject to specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.55.050(e)(3).

5 = Telecommunications facilities are subject to specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.170.

6 = Signs are permitted uses subject to the design standards found within KGBC 18.25.050.

7 = (a) As Accessory Uses. Noncommercial antennas 15 feet in height or less above rooflines in residential zones and commercial or public use antennas 30 feet in height or less above rooflines in nonresidential zones are allowed as accessory uses to an existing structure in all zones without a permit. This exemption includes:

(1) Any satellite earth station antenna six feet in diameter or less which is located in nonresidential zones; or

(2) Any satellite earth station reception antenna 4.5 feet or less in diameter, regardless of zoning category.

(b) Existing Facilities. Legal nonconforming towers may be structurally altered to carry additional antennas, provided:

(1) Height is not increased;

(2) The proposed changes do not adversely affect the use and the enjoyment of adjacent properties;

(3) The design standards of KGBC 18.50.170(b)(1), (2), (3), and (7) can be met;

(4) Plans are reviewed and approved by the borough and other relevant agencies.

(c) Any tower or antenna which is not used for three years shall be removed along with any associated above-ground facilities within 90 days of said three years unless an extension is approved by the planning commission prior to the expiration of said 90 days. Failure to remove a tower or antenna as provided by this chapter shall be deemed a nuisance and the borough may seek abatement of the nuisance at the property owner’s expense.

8 = Residential use of commercial space, existing as of June 7, 1993, the adoption of the ordinance codified in this chapter; provided, that all residential building code requirements are met.

9 = One-, two-, triplex, and multiple-family dwellings, dormitories, rooming and boarding houses are developed where the ground floor elevation differs from the elevation of the nearest adjacent improved right-of-way by greater than 10 feet, or where the structure is greater than 50 feet from the right-of-way line of a collector street. In cases where one- or two-family dwelling residential use is allowed as the sole use of the property, the development requirements of the medium density residential zone, as described in Chapter 18.20 KGBC, shall apply.

10 = Temporary uses and buildings are permitted uses that must meet specific standards found within KGBC 18.45.040.

11 = Tax exempt uses have additional conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.160.

12 = These automobile related uses must meet specific standards found within KGBC 18.50.130.

13 = Light manufacturing, fabricating, assembling and repairing, subject to the specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.080.

14 = Manufacturing, fabricating, assembling, enclosed storage, and repairing, including automotive repair, is subject to additional specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.090.

15 = Mobile building sales lots and travel trailer parks have additional specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.55.050(e)(3).

16 = Boarding kennels have additional specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.030.

17 = For all logging, mining and similar industrial extractive activities, a strip of uncleared land at least 100 feet wide shall be provided between such uses and all public rights-of-way and all adjoining boundaries of residential zones or recreational areas.

18 = Storage of explosives, subject to compliance with all applicable local, State and federal laws and regulations, see specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.150.

19 = For all cabins and similar residential structures permitted in this zone the development requirements shall be as stated in Chapter 18.20 KGBC for the RS zone.

20 = Cottage industries subject to specific standards listed in Chapter 18.40 KGBC.

21 = Repealed by Ord. 1826.

22 = Residential mobile buildings on construction sites.

23 = Subject to additional specific conditional use permit standards found within KGBC 18.50.070.

24 =Except where prohibited within the MBR zone as described in Chapter 18.40 KGBC and allowed without a conditional use permit within the MBU zone as described in Chapter 18.40 KGBC.

25 = These uses are conditional uses that must meet the additional specific standards found within KGBC 18.50.120.

26 =Applies only to properties used exclusively for residential purposes.

 

[Ord. No. 1826, §3, 3-20-17; Ord. No. 1782SA, §4, 12-21-15; Ord. No. 1726, §1, 8-4-14.]

18.25.030 Development requirements for principal and accessory uses.

Development Requirements Table. The following table provides the development requirements for the commercial zoning districts. This table also provides special requirements and exceptions for development within commercial zoning districts.

Development Requirement

CD

CC

CG5, 6

FD2

Minimum Lot Area (s.f.)

None

None

None

None

Minimum Lot Width (ft.)

None

20

50

None

Minimum Yards (ft.)

20 (all sides of lot)1

None1

None1

None

Maximum Lot Coverage

None

None

None

None

Maximum Height (ft.)3

50

None

50

None

 

1 = (a) Where a CD, CC or CG zone abuts or is separated by an alley from a residential zone, yards shall be provided as required in the adjacent residential zone.

(b) Eaves and overhangs of any principal building or accessory building may be built in a required yard or setback, subject to the following limitations:

(1) The width of the eave or overhang shall not exceed 24 inches in width; and

(2) The eave or overhang may not conceal any habitable space.

(c) Either a front, side, or rear required yard setback for an addition to a pre-existing structure shall be reduced by 20 percent; provided, that the axis of the addition is congruent with the axis of the pre-existing structure. The minimum setback provided for under this exception is three feet. Required yard setbacks for additions to pre-existing nonconforming structures shall be reduced to the existing minimum setback; provided, that the addition does not increase that portion of the improved structure within the setback required by the zoning district by more than 50 percent. The minimum setback provided for under this exception is three feet.

2 = (a)  For all logging, mining and similar industrial extractive activities, a strip of uncleared land at least 100 feet wide shall be provided between such uses and all public rights-of-way and all adjoining boundaries of residential zones or recreational areas.

(b) For all cabins and similar residential structures permitted in this zone the development requirements shall be as stated in Chapter 18.20 KGBC for the RS zone.

3 = Measured as prescribed under definitions for maximum structure height or maximum building height and grade, as applicable.

4 = Repealed by Ord. 1826.

5 = All open storage shall be enclosed by an eight-foot-high fence.

6 = Whenever a CG zone abuts or is separated by an alley from a residential zone, the use or building in the CG zone shall be screened by a sight-obscuring fence or hedge.

 

[Ord. No. 1826, §4, 3-20-17; Ord. No. 1726, §1, 8-4-14.]

18.25.040 Off-street parking requirements.

(a)    Off-street parking and loading spaces are required for all land uses in accordance with this section and the off-street parking facilities requirement table.

(b)    In the CC zone, it is planned that the off-street parking shall be provided principally by public and commercial parking lots and garages; therefore, private off-street parking in this zone will only be as required in this section.

(c)    Central Parking Area.

(1)    It is the intent of this subsection that off-street parking facilities are to be provided in the central parking area through the special assessment district process whenever feasible.

(2)    There is hereby created the central parking area comprising all of the land located within the area designated and depicted as the central parking area on the official zoning map.

(3)    Permanently maintained off-street parking within the central parking area shall be provided by either of the two following methods at the time of construction, placement, alteration, enlargement, or change in use of any structure that creates an increase in required parking, computed as provided in this section:

a.    A private off-street parking lot shall be provided as specified in subsection (d) of this section; or

b.    All persons possessing an interest of record in the property shall sign a written covenant in such form as is acceptable to the zoning administrator agreeing not to object to the establishment of a special assessment district to provide off-street parking facilities and to pay special assessment district assessments on the property in the amounts and manner as determined pursuant to such special assessment proceedings.

(4)    Persons electing to provide parking under the method set forth in subsection (c)(3)(b) of this section shall provide to the zoning administrator a title report issued by a title insurance company showing all persons possessing an interest of record in the property and shall pay an amount equal to the recording fees imposed by the district recorder’s office for recording the covenant required by such subsection.

(5)    Commencing on January 1, 1995, and at least every five years thereafter, the department of planning and community development shall prepare an evaluation of the off-street parking needs in the central parking area, and present the results of that evaluation, and any recommendations for the creation and processing of additional special assessment districts to provide for off-street parking, to the Ketchikan Gateway Borough assembly and to the Ketchikan city council.

(d)    In all other areas of the borough there shall be provided at the time of the construction, placement, alteration, enlargement, or change in use of any structure that creates an increase in required parking, computed as provided in this section, permanently maintained off-street parking facilities for the use of occupants, employees or patrons of such structure, and it shall be the joint and several responsibility of the owner and occupant of any structure to provide, and to thereafter maintain, the following minimum free off-street parking facilities as listed in the table below. (Note: When a parking requirement is stated in terms of employees, it means the maximum number of employees who will be at the property at any given time, either on a single shift or an overlap of shifts. In computing the total parking requirement for a use, any fraction of one-half or more shall require more space.)

(e)    Off-street Parking Facilities Requirement Table.

Use Listing

Minimum Number of Parking Spaces Required1

Art galleries and museums

1/2 parking space for each employee, plus 1 space for each official vehicle, plus 1 space for visitor parking for each 1,000 square feet of office or display space

Assembly, fraternal and exhibition halls

1/2 parking space for each employee plus 1 space for each 5 permanent seats. If the facility has no permanent seating, or a combination of permanent and nonpermanent seating, the parking requirement shall be based on the maximum allowed occupancy for the use. 50 percent of the parking may be shared, and 50 percent of the parking requirements may be met by utilization of public parking if such public parking is within 200 feet of the proposed use and has maximum spaces of not less than such 50 percent

Automotive service and/or sales

4 spaces for each maintenance stall plus spaces to accommodate all new and used retail units and customer parking generated by retail sales

Banks

1/2 space for each employee plus 1 space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area

Beauty and barber shops

2 parking spaces for each chair and hair dryer

Bowling alleys

6 parking spaces for each alley

Building and loan companies and similar institutions

1/2 space for each employee plus 1 space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area

Churches, theaters, auditoriums

1 parking space for each 5 seats in the principal place of assembly

Commercial day cares, preschools, foster homes and kindergartens

1/2 parking space for each staff member and employee plus 1 space for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area

Dance studios

1/2 parking space for each instructor and for each student, based upon the maximum number of students attending class at one time

Elementary and junior high schools

1/2 space for each employee plus 1 temporary space for every 25 pupils

Filling stations

3 spaces per grease rack and 3 spaces for each working bay

Grocery stores, delicatessens, drugstores or pharmacies

1/2 parking space for each employee, plus 1 space for each company vehicle, plus 1 space for each 200 square feet of sales floor area

Hospitals, sanitariums, nursing and rest homes

1 parking space for each resident and staff doctor, plus 1/2 space for each employee, intern and nurse, plus 1 space for each 5 beds, plus 1 space for each institutional vehicle

Hotels, rooming houses and other structures containing sleeping rooms other than or in addition to dwelling units

1/2 space per sleeping room

Household services and trades such as carpentering, electrical servicing, plumbing and heating shops, paper hanging, painting, furniture upholstering, decorating shops and other similar service establishments

1/2 parking space for each employee, plus 1 space for each company vehicle, plus 1 space for each 500 square feet of floor space

Laundry and dry cleaning establishments

1/2 parking space for each employee plus 1 space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area

Manufacturing industries

1/2 parking space for each employee on the maximum employee shift plus 1 space for each company vehicle

Medical office buildings

4 parking spaces for each doctor or dentist

Mobile building parks

1 parking space for each mobile building space

Mortuaries and funeral homes

10 parking spaces or 1 space for each 150 square feet of gross floor area up to a maximum of 70 spaces, whichever is the greater

Motels

1 parking space for each unit

Multiple-family dwellings and other places containing dwelling units

1 space per dwelling unit up to 150 units, 1/2 space per unit thereafter

Municipal buildings, public utility buildings, community centers, post offices and telegraph offices.

1/2 parking space for each employee, plus 1 space for each official vehicle, plus 1 space for visitor parking for each 1,000 square feet of office or display space

Nurseries and greenhouses

1/2 parking space for each employee plus 4 spaces for customer parking

Office buildings

1/2 space for each employee plus 1 space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area

Pool halls, billiard parlors

3 parking spaces for each table

Private schools and colleges for nonacademic instruction

1/2 parking space for each instructor and for each student, based upon the maximum number of students attending class at 1 time

Restaurants, cafes, soda fountains, eating and drinking places

1/2 parking space for each employee plus 1 space for each 5 seats

Retail and wholesale stores of bulky items (e.g., furniture and major appliances)

1/2 parking space for each employee, plus 1 space for each company vehicle, plus 1 space for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area

Retail and wholesale stores of nonbulky items

1/2 parking space for each employee, plus 1 space for each company vehicle, plus 1 space for each 250 square feet of sales area

Self-service dry-cleaning and laundry establishments

1 parking space per each 4 washing machines and/or dry cleaning machines

Senior high schools

1 space for every 7 pupils plus 1 space for every 2 employees

Shopping center CD zone

1 parking space for each 100 square feet of sales floor area

Single-family dwellings, two-family dwellings, triplexes, and parish houses

1 parking space per dwelling unit

Taxicab companies

1 space for each taxi operated by the company plus 1 extra space

Trucking terminals, ship terminals, storage yards, building contractors, lumberyards, etc.

1/2 parking space for each employee plus 1 parking space for each company vehicle, truck tractor or trailer stored at the site when not in use

Veterinary clinics, dog hospitals, boarding kennels and residential kennels

1 parking space for each doctor and employee plus 2 parking spaces for visitors

Vocational and music schools

1/2 parking space for each instructor and for each student, based upon the maximum number of students attending class at one time

Warehouse, wholesale, retail and commercial storage

1/2 parking space for each employee, plus 1 parking space for each company vehicle, plus 2 spaces, but a total of no less than 4 spaces

 

1 = Waiver or reduction for seasonal employees in accordance with the procedure outlined in KGBC 18.55.100.

 

 

Other Requirements:

(1)    Where there is more than one use in a single structure or on a site (e.g., doctor, attorney and retail grocery) or two or more separate instances of the same use, off-street parking requirements shall be the sum of the requirements for the various uses.

(2)    Joint Parking Areas. Where two or more uses provide a joint parking area, and their total required spaces is 20 or more, the minimum requirement will be 75 percent of the sum of the requirements for the various uses computed separately.

(3)    All parking spaces provided pursuant to this chapter shall be on the same lot with the main use it serves or on an adjoining lot except that the planning commission may permit parking spaces to be on any lot within 200 feet of the use if it determines that it is impractical to provide parking on the same lot.

(4)    No existing parking area and no parking area provided for the purpose of complying with the provisions of this title shall hereafter be relinquished or reduced in any manner below the requirements herein established.

(5)    At the time of application, a site plan shall be submitted to the administrative official responsible for the enforcement of this title who shall approve or disapprove the plan on the basis of its conformance to this title.

(6)    Compact Car Allowance.

a.    In parking lots of less than 10 parking spaces in commercial and industrial zones, the total required parking area shall first be determined using standard size parking spaces. In the event such total parking area is provided, the applicant may elect to convert up to 50 percent of such total parking area to compact car size parking spaces, and the remaining portion of such total required parking area shall be composed of standard size parking spaces.

b.    Commercial and Industrial Zones. In commercial and industrial zones, in computing the total parking area required for parking lots of 10 parking spaces or more, compact car size parking spaces may be substituted, at the option of the applicant, in lieu of standard size parking spaces on a one-for-one basis, up to a maximum of 50 percent of the total number of required spaces.

c.    Requirements.

1.    Each standard size parking space shall be nine feet wide by 20 feet long and each compact car size parking space shall be seven feet wide by 15 feet long, exclusive of access and circulation aisles.

2.    All parking lots shall be provided with a stabilized, well-drained surface.

3.    No area in a parking lot shall be used for sales display, dead storage, repair work or any purpose other than parking of vehicles.

4.    Any lighting of parking lots shall be arranged in such a manner as to reflect away from public rights-of-way and from any adjoining residential areas.

5.    Curb cuts shall be located so as to minimize traffic hazards and shall be approved by the administrative official.

6.    Curb cuts in all commercial and industrial zones shall be not less than 12 feet wide and not more than 25 feet wide.

7.    In all parking lots where compact car spaces are provided, appropriate signing shall provide for clear distinction between standard and compact parking spaces.

 

(f)    Off-street Loading and Unloading Requirements. Every building or structure used for business, trade or industry and normally requiring truck loading or unloading with respect to the use shall provide space as herein indicated for the loading and unloading of vehicles off the street or public alley. Such space shall have access to a public alley or, if there is no alley, to a street. Off-street loading and unloading space shall be in addition to and not considered as meeting a part of the requirement for off-street parking space. Off-street loading and unloading space shall not be used or designed, intended or constructed to be used in a manner to obstruct or interfere with the free use of any street or adjoining property. The minimum off-street loading and unloading space required for specific uses shall be as follows:

(1)    Retail business and service establishments shall provide one off-street loading and unloading space at least 10 feet wide and 38 feet long with a 14-foot height clearance per building.

(2)    Industrial plants shall provide one off-street loading and unloading space for each 20,000 square feet of gross floor area. Each loading space shall be a minimum of 12 feet wide and 50 feet long with a 14-foot height clearance.

(3)    Trucking terminals and ship terminals shall provide one off-street loading and unloading space for every 5,000 square feet of total floor area used for storage, warehousing and shipping. Each loading space shall be a minimum of 14 feet wide and 65 feet long with a 14-foot height clearance. [Ord. No. 1726, §1, 8-4-14.]

18.25.050 Commercial sign and advertising devices.

(a)    Sign and advertising devices are placed in commercial zones in accordance with this section and the commercial zones sign development table.

(b)    General Requirements.

(1)    A permit shall be obtained from the administrative official for this title prior to the installation of any exterior sign, nameplate, advertising sign or advertising structure excepting: those less than three square feet in area; temporary construction; real estate; governmental notices; governmental public safety signage; and political signs; provided, that such signs or notices meet the provisions of this chapter. Sign permit applications shall include plans for all signs to be placed. The plans shall illustrate sign elevations, cross sections, dimensions, placement on the site, materials, colors, and lighting designed to withstand high winds. Construction and erection of signs shall be in accordance with this title.

(2)    Signs permitted under this chapter shall advertise only the business or activity engaged in on the immediate premises. In the case of building complexes with multiple tenants, immediate premises shall be considered the actual store frontage or parts of the building adjacent to leased space. Subject to the other requirements of the ordinance codified in this chapter, one directory sign that lists all commercial tenants in a building complex is allowed per building facade, either mounted flush or as a freestanding or monument sign.

(3)    No sign shall be erected at any location where, by reason of the position, shape or color of such sign, it may interfere with, obstruct the view of, or be confused with any authorized traffic sign, signal or device.

(4)    No sign shall be placed within 40 feet of any intersection measured at the centerline of the intersecting streets.

(5)    Flashing signs and intermittent illumination are permitted only in commercial and industrial zones, with the exception of the Central Commercial zone, where flashing, blinking, or intermittently illuminated signs visible from the exterior of a building are prohibited with the exception of intermittently illuminated neon nontextual symbols, revolving barber shop poles, and clocks.

(6)    In all residential zones, lighting shall be indirect and shielded from adjacent property.

(7)    Abandoned signs shall be removed by the property owner within six months of the cessation of the advertised business or activity.

(8)    Roof-mounted signs, including any signs painted on the roof surface, but excepting those mounted on a marquee or canopy, are prohibited.

(9)    Political signs up to 16 square feet each on residential property and up to 32 square feet on commercial or industrial property may be displayed on private property without a sign permit.

(10)    During a “grand opening” not to exceed 14 days, temporary grand opening signs of up to 24 square feet may be displayed on the premises in all zones without a sign permit and regulations with respect to sign area, placement, and sign type, with the exception that not more than one grand opening event may be advertised at any business location within any 12-month period; provided, that each separate business location within a multiple-business complex shall be entitled to a grand opening event separate from a grand opening event for the complex as a whole.

(11)    Temporary construction signs may be displayed without a sign permit in all zones, limited to a total sign area of 32 square feet per construction site, displayed no longer than one year, and removed no later than 10 days after completion or occupancy of the project.

(12)    Signs erected by government agencies for public safety or public notification may be erected in any zone without a permit.

(c)    Commercial Zones Sign Development Table for Signs That Require a Sign Permit.

Sign Type13

Number

Area

Height

Setback

Illumination14

ft = feet in = inches NA = Not Applicable sf = square feet

Freestanding Sign1

23

50 sf

30 ft

NA

NA

Hanging Sign

1 per tenant7

10 sf

8 ft4

12 in4

NA

Multiple Business Complex

1 per street frontage

16 sf plus 6 sf per separate business, maximum size 64 sf

24 ft (CC only)

30 ft (CD, CG)

12 in (CC only)

6 in (CD, CG)

NA

Projecting Sign

2 (CD and CG)3

1 (CC)10

50 sf

8 ft5

6 in5(CD and CG)

12 in17 (CC)

NA

Temporary Sign6, 8

NA

50 sf (CD and CG only)

NA

NA

NA

Wall Sign9

No Limit2

2 sf per linear foot of primary street frontage (CC only)9

NA

NA

NA

Window Signs (CC only)12

NA

40%11

NA

NA

NA

FD zone signs

One15, 16

2 sf15

20 sf16

NA

10 ft15, 16

No lighting

 

1 = Includes ground pole and monument signs.

2 = No limit on number of wall signs located within the CG and CD zones. The CC zone limits the number based on the overall wall sign area limit.

3 = Two ground poles or projecting signs are permitted per business.

4 = Hanging signs must be mounted such that it is no closer than 12 inches from the curb line and must be at least eight feet above the finished sidewalk grade, with the exception that signs hanging under an existing canopy that is less than eight feet six inches above the finished sidewalk grade must have at least seven feet of clearance above the finished sidewalk grade.

5 = Projecting signs that project beyond the lot line may be no closer than six inches from the curb line and must be at least eight feet above the finished sidewalk grade.

6 = CC zone only. Temporary signs, banners, streamers, pennants, blimps, balloons, and non-rigid vinyl or other synthetic material signs are not permitted. Exceptions: political signs per KGBC 18.25.050(b)(9), state or national flags, restaurant menu displays, temporary “grand opening” signs on display for 14 days or less per KGBC 18.25.050(b)(10), portable sandwich board signs no larger than 12 square feet per face placed on private property and displayed less than 12 hours per day, and temporary noncommercial banners over a public right-of-way for advertisement of civic or special community events for no longer than 30 days per event.

7 = One hanging sign is allowed per tenant per street frontage entry.

8 = Temporary signs, as defined in KGBC 18.05.200(m), not exceeding 50 square feet in area and advertising specific events are allowed with a sign permit. The purpose of the following limitations on banner or pennant signs is to ensure that banner or pennant signs are not used as permanent signs.

(1) Noncommercial banners or pennants may be erected no sooner than 21 days prior to the event advertised and shall be removed within five working days after the event. No noncommercial banners or pennants may be installed for a period exceeding 30 days in any 90-day period. The 90-day period begins on the first day the noncommercial banners or pennants are displayed.

(2) Commercial banners or pennants may be erected on the site on which the activity is occurring no sooner than 10 days prior to the event and shall be removed within five working days after the event. No commercial banners or pennants may be installed for a period exceeding 30 days in any 180-day period. The 180-day period begins on the first day banners or pennants are displayed.

9 = Permanent wall signs within the CC zone, located flat against a building, parapet, or marquee, are permitted; provided, that the total sign area of all wall signs does not exceed:

(1) Two square feet of sign area for each linear foot of primary street frontage for each floor level or frontage of the primary building, or, in the case of a multiple business complex, for each store front;

(2) Includes all types of wall signs on all sides and all stories of the building or premises with the exception of the following: individual painted or attached raised letter primary business name or building identification signs, parking lot identification signs, symbol signs designating services such as restrooms or phones, commemorative plaques, and other exempt signs;

(3) Should more than one business share an entry, an additional six square feet per tenant may be added for one multiple-tenant directory wall sign per main entry.

10 = One projecting permanent sign is allowed per street frontage or business facade. A projecting sign can be double-faced as long as the copy is identical on each side.

11 = Window signs of any content are allowed to be placed without a permit; provided, that no more than 40 percent of the total window surface per business is obscured. The area of the sign shall be calculated by multiplying the height and width of the sign if it is a painted board sign. In the case of letters and/or graphic devices painted on the glass, then the actual area of the lettering or graphic devices shall be computed and used for calculating the percent of coverage.

12 = Permanent signs are not allowed to be placed upon a structure in any manner so as to disfigure or conceal any window opening, door opening, door or window trim, or significant architectural feature of any building.

13 = CC zone only. All signs, with the exception of window signs, that advertise a specific offer or a product’s price, are prohibited.

14 = CC zone only. Signs that contain luminescent, fluorescent, prismatic, or phosphorescent paints or paper are prohibited. This includes paints referred to as day-glo, hot or neon.

15 = For signs identifying home occupations and cottage industries, one sign per use not exceeding two square feet in area is allowed. Such signs shall be no closer than 10 feet to any property line or shall be flat against the building.

16 = For signs identifying lodges or hotels, one sign not exceeding 20 square feet in area is allowed per street or water frontage. Such a sign shall be no closer than 10 feet to any property line or shall be flat against a building.

17 = Projecting signs that project beyond the lot line may be no closer than 12 inches from the curb line and must be at least eight feet above the finished sidewalk grade.

 

(d)    Elimination of Nonconforming Signs.

(1)    Existing permitted signs which do not conform to the requirements of this chapter shall be brought into compliance or eliminated within three years from the passage of the ordinance codified in this chapter, with the exception of nonconforming temporary signs, banner signs, or flashing or blinking signs, which must be removed within 90 days of the effective date of the ordinance codified in this chapter.

(2)    A nonconforming sign shall lose its legal nonconforming status if the sign is altered in any way in structure, color, or copy, or is substantially damaged, relocated, or replaced.

(3)    The code administrator shall order the removal of any sign erected, installed, or allowed to remain in violation of this chapter. He or she shall give at least 30 days’ notice in writing, to the owner of such sign, or of the building, structure, or premises on which such sign is located, to remove the sign or bring it into compliance with this chapter. The director may order removal of the sign at the expense of the owner of the premises if compliance with the written order is not obtained. In the case of temporary signs, banner signs, portable signs or pennants, only seven days’ notice need be given. [Ord. No. 1826, §5, 3-20-17; Ord. No. 1726, §1, 8-4-14.]