Chapter 16.30


16.30.010    Definitions.

16.30.010 Definitions.

A. General Usage. The definition and usage of terms in this title are as contained within this code, except that the definition and usage of terms describing drainage are as contained within the county floodplain and hazard management ordinance.

B. Definitions. For purposes of this title only, the following words and terms shall mean:

“Access road” means a road within one mile of the grading site, designated on the approved grading plan, and used, during grading, for the transport of grading equipment, hauling of fill and other equivalent vehicular traffic to and from the grading site.

“Approval” means written notice by the town engineer approving the design, progress or completion of work.

“Approved plan” means the most current grading plan which bears the authorized signature of approval of the town engineer.

“Approved testing agency” means a facility which is equipped to perform and certify the tests required by this title and whose testing operations are controlled and monitored by a civil engineer.

“Borrow” means earth material acquired from an off-site location for use in grading a site.

“Brushing” means the selective removal of vegetation.

“Building height contour line” means a contour elevation line set at the existing grade elevation, plus the maximum building height permitted by site rezoning conditions or this code and 50 percent of the additional height added by permitted fill. Refer to Illustration 16.100-1 (STC 16.100.010).

“Clearing” means the substantial removal of vegetation.

“Envelope, building” means:

1. A dwelling unit and all attached roofed structures, including carports or patio ramadas;

2. For nonresidential development, the building envelope shall be the main building and all attached roofed structures.

“Envelope, development” means the sum of the areas of the permit holder’s land to be graded, including the building envelope, accessory buildings, and areas of related parking, driveways, swimming pools, walls and other accessory structures, but excluding individual sewage disposal systems.

“Erosion” means the wearing away of the ground surface as a result of the movement of wind, water or ice.

“Excavation” means the artificial (i.e., mechanical, manual, blasting or other such) means for removal of earth material.

“Final inspection” means a field inspection conducted by the town engineer prior to project acceptance or release of assurances (if required).

“Grade” means the vertical location of the ground surface.

“Grade, existing” means the actual, current ground surface as of the date of adoption of the ordinance codified in this title.

“Grade, finished” means the final grade conforming to the approved grading plan.

“Grade, rough” means the stage at which grading substantially conforms with the approved grading plan.

“Grading” means the initial clearing, brushing or grubbing, and subsequent excavating or filling, of a site.

“Grading permit” means an official document issued by the town engineer authorizing the grading activity specified by the grading permit conditions.

“Grading permit conditions” means the specifications and requirements of the approved grading plan, grading statement, soils report or other documents necessary for grading permit approval.

“Grubbing” means the removal of trees and other large plants by their roots.

“Inspector” means a person authorized by the town engineer or building official to perform inspection on grading work.

“Retaining wall” means a wall designed to withstand lateral and hydrostatic pressures and built to keep earth from sliding, and which is two feet or greater in height from the lowest point of earth at the foundation to the top of the wall.

“Revegetation” means placement of living plant material on sites or cut and fill slopes where the natural vegetation has been removed.

“Site” means any lot or parcel of land, or contiguous combination of lots and parcels under the same ownership or unified control, where grading is to be performed.

“Slope” means an inclined ground surface, the inclination of which is expressed as a ratio of horizontal distance to vertical distance (refer to Illustration 16.100-2, STC 16.100.010).

“Soil” means naturally occurring deposits overlying bedrock.

“Stabilization” means treatment with mitigation measures in accordance with the grading design manual, and approved by the town engineer, that contribute to the erosion or siltation resistance, or the structural strength, of a graded area.

“Stockpile” means the storage of uncompacted earth material. [Ord. 2022-163 § 1.]