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Chapter 2.12
ELECTION REFORM ACT*

Sections:

Article 1. General Provisions

2.12.005    Title for citation.

2.12.010    Findings.

2.12.015    Purpose.

2.12.020    Liberal construction.

2.12.025    Reports and statements--Signature and verification requirements.

2.12.030    Reports and statements--Filed where.

2.12.032    Requirement to file statements and reports electronically.

2.12.033    Filing procedures.

2.12.035    Reports and statements--Filing fees prohibited.

2.12.040    Statements--Public inspection requirements.

2.12.045    Preservation from date of filing.

2.12.050    Reports and statements--City Clerk responsibilities.

2.12.051    Amendment or repeal of chapter.

2.12.055    Items of value--Report requirements.

2.12.060    Applicability--Severability.

2.12.065    Electronic posting of contributions prior to elections.

Article 2. Definitions

2.12.070    Interpretation.

2.12.075    Adjusting an amount for cost of living changes.

2.12.080    Campaign statement.

2.12.085    Candidate.

2.12.090    Commission.

2.12.095    Committee.

2.12.100    Contribution.

2.12.105    Controlled committee.

2.12.110    Cumulative amount.

2.12.115    Elected officer.

2.12.120    Election.

2.12.123    Election cycle.

2.12.125    Elective office.

2.12.127    Electronic filing.

2.12.130    Expenditure.

2.12.135    Filer.

2.12.137    Fund.

2.12.138    General election.

2.12.140    Independent committee.

2.12.142    Independent expenditure.

2.12.145    Late contribution.

2.12.150    Mass mailing.

2.12.155    Measure.

2.12.156    Nomination period.

2.12.158    Participating candidate.

2.12.160    Period covered.

2.12.165    Persons.

2.12.167    Qualified contribution.

2.12.168    Qualifying period.

Article 3. Fair Campaign Practices Commission

2.12.170    Established--Number of members.

2.12.175    Term--Appointments and reappointments.

2.12.180    Quorum.

2.12.185    Election of chairperson.

2.12.186    Vice-chairperson.

2.12.190    Vacancy filling.

2.12.195    Members--Qualifications and restrictions.

2.12.196    Avoidance of political conflict of interest.

2.12.200    Staff powers and duties.

2.12.205    Administrative responsibility.

2.12.210    Rules and regulations--Authority.

2.12.215    Additional duties.

2.12.220    Opinions.

2.12.225    Investigation authority and procedures.

2.12.227    Subpoena--Testimony under oath.

2.12.230    Notice and hearing on violations.

2.12.231    Violation--Penalties.

2.12.235    Judicial review of actions.

2.12.240    Meetings to be open to the public.

Article 4. Disclosure Requirements and Procedures

2.12.245    Campaign treasurer--Appointment required--Powers and duties.

2.12.250    Campaign expenditure and contribution account--Establishment required-- Procedure for use.

2.12.255    Statement of organization--Committee required to file.

2.12.260    Statement of organization--Information required.

2.12.265    Statement of organization--Change of information--Amendment required.

2.12.270    Campaign statement--Filing requirements.

2.12.271    Campaign statements--Additional filing requirements.

2.12.272    Slate mailer organizations’ reporting requirements.

2.12.275    Campaign statement--Verification.

2.12.280    Campaign statement--Information required.

2.12.283    Campaign statement--Additional information required from participating candidates.

2.12.285    Repealed by Ord. 7296-NS.

2.12.290    Repealed by Ord. 7296-NS.

2.12.295    Report of late contributions.

2.12.297    Late independent expenditures preceding election.

2.12.300    Contributions--Written instrument required when.

2.12.305    Contributions--From persons using other than legal name prohibited.

2.12.310    Contributions--By persons on behalf of other persons prohibited.

2.12.315    Expenditures--Report requirements--Scope.

2.12.320    Anonymous contributions--Restrictions--Payment to City required when.

2.12.325    Mass mailings--Copies to commission.

2.12.330    Mass mailings by independent expenditure.

2.12.335    Disclosure on campaign communications of certain contributions and loans.

Article 5. Expenditure Limitations

2.12.405    Measures--Compensation for petition circulation--Disclosure.

Article 6. Limitations on Contributions

2.12.415    Persons other than candidate--Maximum permitted amount.

2.12.435    Excess amounts--Payment to City required.

2.12.440    Contributions from certain organizations and business entities prohibited.

Article 7. Enforcement--Penalties For Violation

2.12.445    Complaints--Filing, investigation and commission action.

2.12.450    Actions for compliance--Who is authorized to institute.

2.12.455    Actions for compliance--Procedure required and commission authority.

2.12.460    Violation--Deemed misdemeanor--Penalty.

2.12.465    Actions for compliance--Disposition of amounts recovered.

2.12.470    Violation--Candidate’s office forfeited when.

2.12.475    Violation--Candidacy terminated when.

2.12.480    Violation--Persons ineligible for candidacy--Time limit.

2.12.485    Late filing penalties.

Article 8. Berkeley Fair Elections Act of 2016

2.12.490    Title and purpose.

2.12.495    Offices covered.

2.12.500    Eligibility for Fair Elections campaign funding.

2.12.505    Fair Elections fund payments.

2.12.510    Candidate statement notice.

2.12.515    Transition rule for current election cycle.

2.12.520    Special municipal elections.

2.12.525    Campaign accounts for participating candidates.

2.12.530    Use of Fair Elections funds.

2.12.535    Administrative modification of timelines.

2.12.540    Insufficient funds in the program.

2.12.545    Cost of living adjustments.

2.12.550    Fair Elections Act penalties.

2.12.555    Violation--Persons ineligible for public funds--Time limit.

2.12.560    Review by Commission.

*The City Attorney has determined that certain uncodified provisions are unconstitutional. See Citizens for Jobs and Energy v. Fair Political Practices Comm. (1976) 16 Cal. 3d 671.

The City Attorney has determined that Ord. 4700-NS § 602 applies only to ballot measures which are recalls; it has been held unconstitutional with respect to initiatives and referenda. (See Citizens Against Rent Control v. City of Berkeley (1981) 454 US 290.)

The City Attorney has also determined that Ord. 4700-NS § 605 applies only to candidate campaigns and ballot measures which are recalls; it has been held unconstitutional with respect to initiatives and referenda. (See Pacific Gas and Electric v. City of Berkeley, (1976) 60 Cal. App. 3d 123).

The City Attorney has determined that Ord. 4700-NS § 517, as modified by Ord. 5895-N.S. § 1, is unconstitutional; see Meyer v. Grant (1988) 486 U.S. 414, Buckley v. American Constitutional Law Foundation (1999) 525 U.S. 182.