Chapter 15.10
ADOPTION OF THE 2019 EDITION OF THE CALIFORNIA FIRE CODE

Sections:

15.10.010    Adoption of the California Fire Code, 2019 Edition.

15.10.020    Amendments.

15.10.030    Regulation of building construction.

Prior legislation: Code 1990 §§ 8.12.03, 8.12.04 and 8.12.05.

15.10.010 Adoption of the California Fire Code, 2019 Edition.

Except as stated in this section or as amended below in CMC 15.10.020, all of the provisions of the 2019 California Fire Code, including appendices B, BB, C, CC, D, E, F, G, H, I, N and O, inclusive of all of the inclusions and exclusions set forth in each chapter’s matrix, are hereby adopted by reference and shall apply to the city of Calimesa. In addition, the following provisions that are excluded in the 2019 California Fire Code are hereby adopted: Chapter 1, Division II of the California Fire Code is hereby adopted, except that Sections 103.2 and 108.3 are not adopted, and Chapters 3, 25, and Sections 403.12, 503, 510.2, and 1103.2 are adopted. [Ord. 368 § 2, 2019; Ord. 364 § 2, 2019; Ord. 344 § 2, 2016; Ord. 329 § 3, 2013; Ord. 311 § 3, 2011; Ord. 280 § 1, 2008; Ord. 226 § 2, 2004; Code 1990 § 8.12.01.]

15.10.020 Amendments.

The California Fire Code is amended as follows:

A. Section 101.4 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 101.4 Severability. If any provision, clause, sentence or paragraph of this chapter or the application thereof to any person or circumstances shall be held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the other provisions of this chapter which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end, the provisions of this chapter are hereby declared to be severable.

B. Section 102.5 of the California Fire Code is amended to read as follows:

Section 102.5 Application of residential code. Where structures are designed and constructed in accordance with the California Residential Code, the provisions of this code shall apply as follows:

1. Construction and design provisions of this code pertaining to the exterior of the structure shall apply including, but not limited to, premises identification, fire apparatus access and water supplies. Where interior or exterior systems or devices are installed, construction permits required by Section 105.7 of this code shall apply.

2. Administrative, operational and maintenance provisions of this code shall apply.

C. Sections 103.4 and 103.4.1 of the California Fire Code are deleted in their entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 103.4 Liability. The Fire Chief/Fire Code Official or his or her authorized representative as employees, or acting under contract as agents of this jurisdiction charged with the enforcement of this code, and the technical codes, acting in good faith and without malice in the discharge of his duties, shall not thereby be rendered personally liable for damage that may occur to persons or property as a result of an act or omission in the discharge of the assigned duties. A suit brought against the Fire Chief/Fire Code Official, employee or his/her authorized agent of this jurisdiction, because of such act or omission performed in the enforcement of the provisions of such codes or other pertinent laws or ordinances implemented through the enforcement of this Code or enforced by the code enforcement agency shall be defended by this jurisdiction until final termination of such proceedings, and any judgment resulting there from shall be assumed by this jurisdiction.

This Code shall not be construed to relieve from or lessen the responsibility of any such person owning, operating or controlling a building, structure or building service equipment therein for damages to persons or property caused by defects, nor shall the Fire Code Official or Fire Department agency or its parent jurisdiction be held as assuming such liability by reason of the inspections authorized by this code or permits or certificates issued under this Code.

D. A new Section 104.1.1 is added to Section 104.1 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 104.1.1 Authority of the Fire Chief and Fire Department.

1. The Fire Chief is authorized and directed to enforce all applicable State fire laws and provisions of this chapter and to perform such duties as directed by the City Manager.

2. The Fire Chief is authorized to administer, interpret and enforce this chapter. Under the Fire Chief’s direction, the City of Calimesa Fire Department is authorized to enforce provisions of the Municipal Code of the City of Calimesa pertaining to the following:

2.1. The prevention of fires.

2.2. The suppression or extinguishment of dangerous or hazardous fires.

2.3. The storage, use and handling of hazardous materials.

2.4. The installation and maintenance of automatic, manual and other private fire alarm systems and fire extinguishing equipment.

2.5. The maintenance and regulation of fire escapes.

2.6. The maintenance of fire protection and the elimination of fire hazards on land, in buildings, structures and other property, including those under construction.

2.7. The maintenance of means of egress.

2.8. The investigation of the cause, origin and circumstances of fire and unauthorized releases of hazardous materials.

3. The following persons are hereby authorized to interpret and enforce the provisions of this chapter and to make arrests and issue citations as authorized by law:

3.1. The Unit Chief, Peace Officers and Public Officers of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

3.2. The Fire Chief, and Peace Officers.

3.3. The Riverside County Sheriff and any deputy sheriff.

3.4. The Police Chief and any police officer of any city served by the City of Calimesa Fire Department.

3.5. Officers of the California Highway Patrol.

3.6. Code Officers of the City of Calimesa Code Enforcement Department.

3.7. Peace Officers of the California Department of Parks and Recreation.

3.8. The law enforcement officer of the Federal Bureau of Land Management.

E. A new Section 104.12 is added to Section 104 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 104.12 Authority of the Fire Chief to close hazardous fire areas. Except upon National Forest Land, the Fire Chief is authorized to determine and announce the closure of any hazardous fire area or portion thereof. Any closure by the Fire Chief for a period of more than fifteen (15) calendar days must be approved by the Calimesa City Council within fifteen (15) calendar days of the Fire Chief’s original order of closure. Upon such closure, no person shall go in or be upon any hazardous fire area, except upon the public roadways and inhabited areas. During such closure, the Fire Chief shall erect and maintain at all entrances to the closed area sufficient signs giving notice of closure. This section shall not prohibit residents or owners of private property within any closed area, or their invitees, from going in or being upon their lands. This section shall not apply to any entry, in the course of duty, by a peace officer, duly authorized public officer or fire department personnel. For the purpose of this section, “hazardous fire area” shall mean public or private land that is covered with grass, grain, brush or forest and situated in a location that makes suppression difficult resulting in great damage. Such areas are designated on Hazardous Fire Area maps filed with the office of the Fire Chief.

F. Section 106.2 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 106.2 Schedule of permit fees. Fees for services and permits shall be as set forth in the City of Calimesa fee schedule.

G. A new Section 106.6 is added to Section 113 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 106.6 Cost recovery. Fire suppression, investigation, rescue or emergency medical costs are recoverable in accordance with Health and Safety Code Sections 13009 and 13009.1, as may be amended from time to time. Additionally, any person who negligently, intentionally or in violation of law causes an emergency response, including, but not limited to, a traffic accident, spill of toxic or flammable fluids or chemicals is liable for the costs of securing such emergency, including those costs pursuant to Government Code Section 53150, et seq., as may be amended from time to time. Any expense incurred by the City of Calimesa Fire Department for securing such emergency shall constitute a debt of such person and shall be collectable by the City of Calimesa in the same manner as in the case of an obligation under contract, express or implied.

H. Section 109.1 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 109.1 Board of appeals established. The Board of Appeals shall be the City Manager. If he or she determines an outside board is needed, he or she shall designate an outside hearing officer to hear the appeal. The Fire Chief shall be notified of any appeal and the Fire Chief or designee shall be in attendance at the appeal hearing. Depending on the subject of the appeal, specialized expertise may be solicited, at the expense of the applicant, for the purpose of providing input to the Appeals Board.

I. Section 110.4 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 110.4 Violation and penalties. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm, corporation or association of persons to violate any provision of this chapter, or to violate the provisions of any permit granted pursuant to this code or chapter. Punishments and penalties for violations shall be in accordance with the City of Calimesa ordinances and Health and Safety Code Sections 17995 through 17995.5.

J. Section 202 of the California Fire Code is hereby amended to read as follows:

ALL-WEATHER DRIVING SURFACE. is an approved concrete, asphalt, or engineered surface approved by the Code Official of sufficient thickness to support the imposed loads of fire apparatus.

BED AND BREAKFAST. See Lodging House

EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS. Explosive materials are explosives, blasting agents and detonators including, but not limited to, dynamite and other high explosives; slurries, emulsions and water gels; black powder and pellet powder; initiating explosives; detonators or blasting caps; safety fuses; squibs; detonating cord; igniter cord; igniters and fireworks, 1.3G (Class B special fireworks) and any explosives as defined in Section 841 of Title 18 of the United States Code and published pursuant to Section 55.23 of Title 27 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

FIRE CHIEF is The Fire Chief of the City of Calimesa or the Fire Chief’s designee.

FIREWORKS. Fireworks means any device containing chemical elements and chemical compounds capable of burning independently of the oxygen of the atmosphere and producing audible, visual, mechanical, or thermal effects which are useful as pyrotechnic devices or for entertainment. The term fireworks includes, but is not limited to, devices designated by the manufacturer as fireworks, torpedoes, skyrockets, roman candles, rockets, Daygo bombs, sparklers, party poppers, paper caps, chasers, fountains, smoke sparks, aerial bombs, and fireworks kits. (H&S 12511). Including, but not limited to, all fireworks defined in the California Health and Safety Code starting with Section 12500.

HIGH EXPLOSIVE. An explosive material, such as dynamite, which can be caused to detonate by means of a No. 8 test blasting cap when unconfined and any explosive defined in Section 12000 of the California Health and Safety Code.

HAZARDOUS FIRE AREA. Land which is covered with grass, grain, brush or forest, whether privately, or publicly owned, which is so situated or is of such inaccessible location that a fire originating upon such land would present an abnormally difficult job of suppression or would result in great and unusual damage through fire or resulting erosion. Such areas are designated on maps entitled "Hazardous Fire Areas of Riverside County" on file in the office of the Chief.

MODEL ROCKET. Any toy or educational device, which weighs not more than 500 grams, including the engine and any payload, that is propelled by model rocket engines (H&SC 12519).

MODEL ROCKET ENGINE. A commercially manufactured, non-reusable rocket propulsion device which is constructed of a nonmetallic casing and solid propellant, wherein all of the ingredients are self-contained so as not to require mixing or handling by the user and which have design and construction characteristics determined by the State Fire Marshal to provide a reasonable degree of safety to the user (H&SC 12520).

K. Section 305.5 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 305.5 Spark Arresters Required. All chimneys attached to any appliance or fireplace that burns solid fuel shall be equipped with an approved spark arrester, and the spark arrester shall meet all of the following requirements:

1. The net area of the spark arrester shall not be less than four times the net area of the outlet of the chimney.

2. The spark arrester screen shall have heat or corrosion resistance equivalent to 12 gage wire, 19 gage galvanized wire, or 24 gage stainless steel.

3. Openings shall not permit the passage of spheres having a diameter larger than 1/2-inch and shall not block the passage of spheres having a diameter of less than 3/8-inch.

4. The spark arrester shall be accessible for cleaning and the screen or chimney cap shall be removable to allow for cleaning of the chimney flue.

L. Section 307.1.2 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 307.1.2 Burning Operations. The burning of salvage vehicles and salvage or waste materials shall be prohibited:

M. Section 307.4.4 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 307.4.4 Material restrictions. Open burning of rubbish containing paper products, trash and debris containing non-organic material is prohibited.

N. Section 315.8 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 315.8 Removal. Combustible rubbish stored in containers outside of noncombustible vaults or rooms shall be removed from buildings at least once each working day or when determined by the Chief to be a fire hazard.

O. Section 503.2.1 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 503.2.1 Dimensions. Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 24 feet (7315 mm), exclusive of shoulders, except for approved security gates in accordance with Section 503.6, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm). For additional requirements or alternatives see Riverside County Fire Department Standards and Policies, as may be amended from time to time.

P. Section 503.2.2 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 503.2.2 Authority. The fire code official shall be the only authority authorized to designate fire apparatus access roads and fire lanes and to modify the minimum fire lane access widths for fire or rescue operations.

Q. A new Section 503.6.1 is added to Section 503.6 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 503.6.1 Automatic opener. New motorized gates shall be provided with means to be automatically opened remotely by emergency vehicle in accordance with Riverside County Fire Department standards and Policies, as may be amended from time to time.

Exception: Gates serving individual one- and two-family dwelling parcels.

R. A new Section 503.7 is added to Section 503 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 503.7 Loading areas and passenger drop-off areas. On private properties, where fire apparatus access roads are utilized for loading or unloading or utilized for passenger drop-off or pick-up, an additional eight (8) feet of width shall be added to the minimum required width for the fire apparatus access road.

S. Section 505.1 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 505.1 Premises Identification. Approved numbers or addresses shall be placed on all new and existing buildings in such a position as to be plainly visible and legible from the street or road fronting the property. Said numbers shall contrast with their background.

New Group R, Division 3 Occupancy addresses shall be posted with a minimum of 4-inch (102 mm) numbers, visible from the street, and during the hours of darkness the numbers shall be low voltage, internally electrically illuminated. Posted numbers shall contrast with their background and be legible from the street. Where building setbacks exceed 100 feet (30,480 mm) from the roadway or where the addresses are not visible from the roadway, additional non-illuminated contrasting 4-inch (102 mm) numbers shall be displayed at the property entrance.

New Group A, B, E, F, H, I, L, M, R Division I and S occupancy addresses shall be posted with a minimum of 8-inch (203 mm) numbers, visible from the street, and during the hours of darkness shall be electrically illuminated. Where the building setback exceeds 200 feet (60,960 mm) from the roadway or where the addresses are not visible from the roadway, additional non-illuminated contrasting 6-inch (152 mm) numbers shall be displayed at the property entrance. Commercial occupancies with multiple tenants shall be posted with a minimum of 3-inch contrasting numbers displayed on the rear doors of the tenant spaces.

T. Section 505.1.1 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 505.1.1 Map directory. A lighted directory map shall be installed and maintained at each driveway entrance to multiple unit residential projects and mobile home parks, where the total number of units in the project exceeds fifteen (15).

U. A new Section 507.5.7 is added to Section 507 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 507.5.7 Fire hydrant size and outlets. As determined by the fire code official, fire hydrant sizes and outlets shall be based on the following:

1. Residential Standard – one (1) four (4) inch outlet and one (1) two and half (2 1/2) inch outlet.

2. Super Hydrant Standard – one (1) four (4) inch outlet and two (2) two and one half (2 1/2) inch outlet.

3. Super Hydrant Enhanced – two (2) four (4) inch outlet and one (1) two and one half (2 1/2) inch outlet.

V. A new Section 507.5.8 is added to Section 507 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 507.5.8 Fire hydrant street marker. Fire hydrant locations shall be visually indicated in accordance with Riverside County Fire Department Standards, as may be amended from time to time. Any hydrant marker damaged or removed during the course of street construction or repair shall be immediately replaced by the contractor, developer or person responsible for removal or damage.

W. Section 508.1 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 508.1 General. Where required by other sections of this code and in all buildings classified as high-rise buildings by the California Building Code, in buildings greater than 300,000 square feet in area and in Group I-2 occupancies having occupied floors located more than 55 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access, a fire command center for fire department operations shall be provided and comply with Sections 508.1.1 through 508.1.8.

X. Section 508.1.1 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 508.1.1 Location and access. The fire command center shall be located adjacent to the main lobby and shall be accessible from fire department vehicular access or as approved by the fire code official. The room shall have direct access from the building exterior at the lowest level of fire department access.

Y. Section 508.1.3 of the California Fire Code is amended to add the following:

Exception: A fire command center solely required because a building is greater than 300,000 square feet in area shall be a minimum of 96 square feet (9 m2) with a minimum dimension of 8 feet (2438mm).

Z. Section 508.1.6 of the California Fire Code is amended to add the following:

Exception: A fire command center solely required because a building is greater than 300,000 square feet in area shall comply with NFPA 72 and contain the features set forth in Section 508.1.6 subsections 5, 8, 10, 12, 13 and 14. The features set forth in Section 508.1.6 subsections 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 9, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19 shall be required when such building contains systems or functions related to these features.

AA. A new Section 508.1.8 is added to Section 508 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 508.1.8 Fire command center identification. The fire command center shall be identified by a permanent easily visible sign stating, “Fire Dept. Command Center,” located on the door to the fire command center.

BB. A new Section 509.2.1 is added to Section 509.2 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 509.2.1 Minimum clearances. A 3-foot (914 mm) clear space shall be maintained around the circumference of exterior fire protection system control valves, or any other exterior fire protection system component that may require immediate access, except as otherwise required or approved.

CC. Section 603.6.6 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 603.6.6 Sparks from Chimneys. Chimneys used in conjunction with fireplaces or heating appliances in which solid or liquid fuel is used shall be equipped and maintained with an approved / listed spark arrester. An approved spark arrester shall mean a device constructed of stainless steel, copper, brass or woven galvanized wire mesh. The spark arrester screen shall have heat and corrosion resistance equivalent to 12-gauge wire, 19-gauge galvanized wire or 24-gauge stainless steel. Openings shall not permit the passage of spheres having a diameter larger than 1/2-inch (12.7 mm) and shall not block the passage of spheres having a diameter of less than 3/8-inch (9.5 mm). The screen shall be mounted per the manufacturers listing in or over all outside flue openings in a vertical or near vertical position, adequately supported to prevent movement and visible from the ground.

DD. Section 603.8 is hereby added to the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 603.8 Incinerators. Free-standing noncommercial incinerators are prohibited. Commercial and industrial incinerators shall be in accordance with other governing agencies regulating emissions. For other requirements and for other types of incinerators, see the Building and Mechanical Codes.

EE. Section 605.10.1.2 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 605.10.1.2 Manual operation. When required by the fire code official, automatic crossover valves shall be capable of manual operation. The manual valves shall be located in an approved location immediately outside of the machinery room in a secure metal box or equivalent and marked as Emergency Controls.

FF. Section 903.2 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section 903.2 Where required. In all new buildings and structures which are 3,600 square feet or greater, an approved automatic sprinkler system shall be provided regardless of occupancy classification. Where the Sections 903.2.1903.2.19 of the California Fire Code require more restrictive requirements than those listed below, the more restrictive requirement shall take precedence.

Exception: Unless required elsewhere in this code or the California Building Code, automatic fire sprinkler systems shall not be required for the following:

1. Detached Group U occupancies used for agricultural or livestock purposes, less than 5,500 square feet, and having setback distances of 50 feet or more from the property line and other buildings.

2. Detached non-combustible equestrian arena shade canopies that are open on all sides and used for riding only - no commercial, assembly or storage uses.

3. Detached fabric or non-combustible shade structures that are open on all sides and used to shade playground equipment, temporary storage of vehicles and dining areas with no cooking.

4. Detached Group U occupancy greenhouses less than 5,500 square feet.

5. Where determined by the Fire Chief that no major life safety hazard exists, and the fuel load does not pose a significant threat to firefighter safety or to other structures or property, automatic fire sprinklers may be exempted.

One- and two-family dwellings shall have an automatic fire sprinkler system regardless of square footage in accordance with the California Residential Code. Fire sprinkler systems shall be installed in mobile homes, manufactured homes and multifamily manufactured homes with two dwelling units in accordance with Title 25 of the California Code of Regulations.

The following exceptions in the California Fire Code shall not be allowed:

a. Exception in Section 903.2.3.

b. Exception 2 in Section 903.2.11.3.

GG. A new Section 4904.3 is added to Section 4904 of the California Fire Code to read as follows:

Section 4904.3 High Fire Hazard Severity Zone Maps. In accordance with Government Code Sections 51175 through 51189, Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zones are designated as shown on a map titled Very High Fire Hazard Severity Zones most current edition and retained on file at the office of the Fire Chief, which supersedes other maps previously adopted designating high fire hazard areas.

HH. Section 4906.1 of the California Fire Code is hereby amended to read as follows:

Section 4906.1 General. A Fuel Modification Plan, approved by the Chief, may be required for new development. The Fuel Modification Plan shall include mitigation measures consistent with the unique problems resulting from the location, topography, flammable vegetation and climate of the proposed site. The Fuel Modification Plan shall address water supply, access, building ignition and the fire resistance, fire protection systems and equipment, defensible space and vegetation management. The Fuel Modification Plan shall be consistent with the Interface Code, or at the option of the Chief, with other nationally recognized standards and good practice.

II. Section C103.1 of the California Fire Code is deleted in its entirety and replaced with the following:

Section C103.1 Hydrant spacing. Fire apparatus access roads and public streets providing required access to buildings in accordance with Section 503 of the California Fire Code shall be provided with one or more fire hydrants, as determined by Section C102.1. Where more than one fire hydrant is required, the distance between required fire hydrants shall be in accordance with Sections C103.2 and C103.3. Fire hydrants shall be provided at street intersections.

[Ord. 368 § 2, 2019; Ord. 344 § 2, 2016; Ord. 329 § 5, 2013. Formerly 15.10.060]

15.10.030 Regulation of building construction.

Any and all of the regulations, provisions, and building standards set forth in the Calimesa fire code, as adopted in CMC 15.10.010, together with the provisions of the Calimesa building code, as adopted in Chapter 15.05 CMC, and otherwise as provided in this title, shall govern and regulate the erection, construction, enlargement, alteration, repair, moving, removal, demolition, conversion, occupancy, equipment, use, height, area and/or maintenance of all buildings or structures within the city. [Ord. 368 § 2, 2019; Ord. 344 § 2, 2016; Ord. 280 § 1, 2008; Ord. 226 § 2, 2004; Code 1990 § 8.12.02. Formerly 15.10.020]