Chapter 17.24
COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ZONING DISTRICTS Revised 1/19

Sections:

17.24.010    Purpose of the commercial and industrial zoning districts. Revised 6/18

17.24.020    Land use regulations. Revised 1/19

17.24.030    Development standards. Revised 6/18

17.24.040    Residential mixed use development in commercial zoning districts. Revised 6/18

17.24.010 Purpose of the commercial and industrial zoning districts. Revised 6/18

A. Community Commercial (C-C) Zoning District. The purpose of the C-C zoning district is to provide areas for a variety of commercial uses serving Capitola residents and visitors. The C-C zoning district allows for retail, restaurants, and services that meet the daily needs of the community. The scale, intensity, and design of development in the C-C zoning district shall be compatible with adjacent neighborhoods and contribute to Capitola’s unique coastal village character. Interspersed residential and office uses in the C-C zoning district shall support a diverse local economy and range of housing choices.

B. Regional Commercial (C-R) Zoning District. The purpose of the C-R zoning district is to provide areas for commercial uses that serve regional shoppers as well as Capitola residents, workers, and visitors. The C-R zoning district will maintain a critical mass of retail and service uses that maintain 41st Avenue as a successful retail destination. Office, medical, and residential uses will be restricted to protect the long-term economic vitality of the corridor. Incremental redevelopment of underutilized properties in the C-R zoning district will enhance the corridor as a pedestrian-friendly shopping destination that enhance Capitola’s unique identity and quality of life.

C. Industrial (I) Zoning District. The purpose of the I zoning district is to provide an area for heavy commercial and light industrial uses in Capitola. The I zoning district allows for nonresidential uses which are desired in the community but could be incompatible with land uses in other zoning districts. The I zoning district shall continue to accommodate businesses that contribute to a diverse economy, provide local jobs, and serve the needs of residents and other businesses in Capitola. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.24.020 Land use regulations. Revised 1/19

A. Permitted Land Uses. Table 17.24-1 identifies land uses permitted in the commercial and industrial zoning districts.

Table 17.24-1: Permitted Land Uses in Commercial and Industrial Zoning Districts 

Key

Zoning District

 

P

Permitted Use

C-C

C-R

I

Additional Requirements

A

Administrative Permit required

M

Minor Use Permit required

C

Conditional Use Permit required

Use not allowed

Residential Uses

Single-Family Dwellings

 

Multifamily Dwellings

C

C [9]

 

Residential Mixed Use

C

C [7]

Section 17.24.040

Public and Quasi-Public Uses

Colleges and Trade Schools

C

C

C

 

Community Assembly

C

C

 

Cultural Institutions

C

C

 

Day Care Centers

C

C

 

Emergency Shelters

P

Section 17.96.030

Government Offices

See 17.24.020(C)

C

 

Medical Offices and Clinics

See 17.24.020(C)

 

Public Safety Facilities

C

C

C

 

Commercial Uses

Alcoholic Beverage Sales

C

C

C

 

Banks

P [2]

P [2]

 

Financial Institutions

P [2]

P [2]

Section 17.24.020(C)

Business Services

P [2]

P [2]

P

 

Commercial Entertainment and Recreation

M

M

 

Drive-Through Facilities

C [4]

 

Eating and Drinking Establishments

 

 

 

 

Bars and Lounges

C

C

C

 

Mobile Food Vendors

A [6]/C

A [6]/C

 

Restaurants and Cafes

M [2]

M [2]

C

 

Take-Out Food and Beverage

M [2]

M [2]

 

Food Preparation

M [2]

P

 

Gas and Service Stations

C

C

 

Liquor Stores

C

C

 

Lodging

 

 

 

 

Bed and Breakfast

C

 

Hotel

C

C

 

Maintenance and Repair Services

M

C

P

 

Personal Services

P [1]

P [1]

 

Professional Offices

See 17.24.020(C)

P

 

Salvage and Wrecking

P

 

Self-Storage

C

C

Section 17.96.140

Retail

P

P

 

Retail Cannabis Establishment

 

C [10]

 

Section 17.24.020(D)

Vehicle Repair

C

C

P

 

Vehicle Sales and Rental

C [5]

C [5]

 

Vehicle Sales Display Room [8]

P

P

 

Wholesaling

M [3]

P

 

Heavy Commercial and Industrial Uses

Construction and Material Yards

P

 

Custom Manufacturing

M

M

P

 

Light Manufacturing

P

 

Warehousing and Distribution

P

 

Transportation, Communication, and Utility Uses

Utilities, Major

C

C

 

Utilities, Minor

P

P

P

 

Recycling Collection Facilities

C

C

C

Section 17.96.130

Wireless Communications Facilities

See Chapter 17.104

 

Other Uses

Accessory Uses

See Chapter 17.52

 

Home Occupations

A

A

Section 17.96.040

Permanent Outdoor Display

C

C

C

Section 17.96.100

Temporary Uses

See Section 17.96.180

 

Urban Agriculture

 

 

 

 

Home Garden

P

P

 

Community Garden

M

M

 

Urban Farm

C

C

 

Notes:

[1] Combination of two or more tenant suites within a multi-tenant building or greater than five thousand square feet requires minor use permit.

[2] Combination of two or more tenant suites within a multi-tenant building or greater than five thousand square feet requires conditional use permit.

[3] Without stock. Storage of merchandise limited to samples only.

[4] Prohibited within one hundred feet of a residential zoning district or residential use including residential properties outside the city limits.

[5] Majority of vehicles for sale must be new.

[6] Mobile food vendors in one location two times or less per year are regulated as a temporary use in accordance with Section 17.96.180 and are allowed with an administrative permit in accordance with Chapter 9.36. Mobile food vendors in one location more than two times per year require a conditional use permit.

[7] Residential uses are prohibited on the first story.

[8] Maximum five thousand square feet.

[9] Allowed only as a part of a mixed use project integrated with commercial structures located on the same development site.

[10] Requires cannabis retail license (Chapter 9.61) and compliance with subsection D of this section.

B. Additional Permits. In addition to permits identified in Table 17.24-1, development projects in the commercial and industrial zoning districts may also require a design permit pursuant to Chapter 17.120 (Design Permits). Modifications to a historic resource may require a historic alteration permit pursuant to Chapter 17.84 (Historic Preservation). Development in the coastal zone may require a coastal permit pursuant to Chapter 17.44 (Coastal Overlay Zone), independent of and in addition to any other required permit or approval.

C. Office Uses in the C-C and C-R Zoning Districts.

1. New Office Uses. In the C-C and C-R zoning districts, permits required for new office uses and conversions of non-office space to office use are shown in Table 17.24-2. Offices include professional, medical, financial institutions and governmental offices.

2. Existing Office Uses. Within office building utilized exclusively for office uses as of [effective date of zoning ordinance], office uses may continue to occupy ground floor tenant spaces. Within such office building, a new tenant is not subject to the permit requirements in Table 17.24-2 until such time that the building is redeveloped or all office space in the ground floor level is converted to a non-office use.

Table 17.24-2: Permitted New Office Uses in the C-C and C-R Zoning Districts

Key

C-C Zoning District

C-R Zoning District

P

Permitted Use

A

Administrative Permit required

M

Minor Use Permit required

C

Conditional Use Permit required

Use not allowed

Location and Size of Office Use

Ground floor, less than 5,000 sq. ft.

P

Ground floor, 5,000 sq. ft. or more

C

Upper floor above a ground floor

P

P

Located within a multi-tenant site in which the office space is not located within a storefront and is set back from the front facade.

P

D. Retail Cannabis in the C-R Zoning District. A retail cannabis establishment in the C-R zoning district must be in compliance with the following standards:

1. Permit Requirements.

a. Cannabis Retail License. Prior to conditional use permit application, an applicant shall obtain a potential retail cannabis license from the city, as outlined in Chapter 9.61.

b. Conditional Use Permit. A retail cannabis establishment must obtain a conditional use permit from the planning commission. The retail cannabis establishment shall be in compliance with the following standards:

i. Distance from Schools and Churches. Retail cannabis establishments are not permitted within a path of travel of one thousand feet from any schools and churches. The path of travel shall be measured following the shortest path of travel along a public right-of-way from the property line of the proposed retail cannabis establishment parcel to the church or school.

ii. Distance between Retail Cannabis Establishments. A retail cannabis establishment shall not be located within a path of travel of five hundred feet of another retail cannabis establishment. Path of travel is measured from the retail establishment suite on a multi-tenant property or the structure for a single-tenant property.

iii. Independent Access. A retail cannabis establishment shall have an independent exterior entrance that is not shared with any other business or residence.

iv. Signs. Notwithstanding other sections of the code for signs, a retail cannabis establishment shall be limited to one exterior building sign per business location to identify the business as a retail cannabis establishment in compliance with the following standards:

(A) Sign may include only the name of business and one green cross.

(B) Sign area maximum of twenty square feet, or one square foot per linear frontage of the business; whichever is less.

(C) Sign may not have any reference, through symbols or language, to cannabis with the exception of one green cross.

(D) Sign shall not be directly illuminated except during operating hours.

(E) Sign shall otherwise be subject to planning commission review through a sign permit application in accordance with Chapter 17.132. (Ord. 1021 § 2, 2018: Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.24.030 Development standards. Revised 6/18

A. General. Table 17.24-3 identifies development standards that apply in the commercial and industrial zoning districts.

Table 17.24-3: Development Standards in Commercial and Industrial Zoning Districts

 

C-C

C-R

I

Additional Standards

Site Requirements

Parcel Area, Minimum

5,000 sq. ft.

 

Parcel Width, Minimum

50 ft.

 

Parcel Depth, Minimum

100 ft.

 

Floor Area Ratio, Maximum

1.0

1.5

0.5

Section 17.24.030(D)

Chapter 17.88

Residential Density, Maximum

20 du/acre

N/A

 

Structure Requirements

Setbacks, Minimum

 

 

 

 

Front

See Section 17.24.030(C)

0 ft.

 

Rear

0 ft. unless adjacent to a residential zoning district (see Section 17.24.030(E))

 

Interior Side

0 ft. unless adjacent to a residential zoning district (see Section 17.24.030(E))

 

Street Side

See Section 17.24.030(C)

0 ft.

 

Height, Maximum

40 ft.

40 ft.

30 ft.

Section 17.24.030(D) and (E)

Chapter 17.88

Landscaped Open Space, Minimum

5%

Table 17.72-1

Parking and Loading

See Chapter 17.76

 

B. CC Zoning District Fronting Capitola Road. The following requirements apply to C-C parcels fronting the south side of Capitola Road between 41st Avenue and 45th Avenue as shown in Figure 17.24-1:

1. Maximum height: thirty-five feet.

2. Minimum rear setback: forty feet.

3. Enhanced Application Review. A proposed project with a height greater than two stories shall comply with the following enhanced application review procedures:

a. Conceptual Review.

i. Prior to consideration of a formal application, the planning commission and city council shall provide conceptual review of a proposed project in accordance with Chapter 17.114 (Conceptual Review).

 Figure 17.24-1: Parcels Fronting Capitola Road between 41st Avenue and 45th Avenue

ii. Before planning commission and city council review, the applicant shall host at least one community workshop to solicit community input on preliminary project plans.

iii. When reviewed by the planning commission and city council, the applicant shall demonstrate how the project design addresses public input received at the community workshop, as appropriate.

b. City Council Action. Following conceptual review, the planning commission shall serve as the recommending body and the city council shall serve as the review authority and take final action on the application.

c. Findings. To approve the application, the city council shall make all of the following findings in addition to findings for the required permits:

i. The project satisfies applicable design review criteria in Section 17.120.070 (Design review criteria).

ii. On-site parking, points of ingress/egress, and internal vehicle accessways are located and designed to minimize parking and traffic impacts on neighboring residential areas to the greatest extent possible.

iii. The project incorporates rear yard setbacks and upper story stepbacks as needed to maintain adequate light and air for abutting residential uses.

iv. The height and intensity of development is compatible with the scale and character of neighboring residential areas.

v. The project incorporates design features to support a safe and welcoming pedestrian environment. Potential features may include, but are not limited to, enhanced sidewalks along the property frontage, internal pedestrian walkways, outdoor public gathering places, unique landscaping treatments, and active ground-floor uses fronting the street.

C. Front and Street Side Setbacks in the C-R and C-C Zoning Districts. In the C-R and C-C zoning districts, buildings shall be set back from the front and street side property line so that:

1. The building is at least fifteen feet from the curb or street edge; and

2. Building placement allows for a minimum ten-foot sidewalk along the property frontage. See Figure 17.24-2.

Figure 17.24-2: Front and Street Side Setbacks in the C-R and C-C Zoning Districts

D. Increased Floor Area and Height in C-C and C-R Zoning Districts. As provided in Chapter 17.88 (Incentives for Community Benefits), the city council may approve exceptions to height and floor area ratio (FAR) limits shown in Table 17.24-3 for proposed projects in the C-C and C-R zoning districts. These exceptions are intended to facilitate the redevelopment of underutilized properties along 41st Avenue consistent with the vision for the corridor described in the general plan.

E. Residential Transition Standards. Where a commercial or industrial zoning district abuts a residential zoning district, the following standards apply:

1. Setbacks. The minimum setback from the residential property line shall be fifteen feet for interior side yards and twenty feet for rear yards. For lots less than one hundred feet wide, the planning commission may allow a reduced side yard setback upon finding that potential impacts to adjacent residential properties have been adequately minimized through enhanced building and landscape design.

2. Daylight Plane. No structure shall extend above or beyond a daylight plane having a height of twenty-five feet at the setback from the residential property line and extending into the parcel at an angle of forty-five degrees. See Figure 17.24-3.

Figure 17.24-3: Residential Transitions – Daylight Plane

3. Landscaping. A landscaped planting area, extending a minimum of ten feet from the property line, shall be provided along all residential property lines. A tree screen shall be planted in this area with trees planted at a minimum interval of fifteen feet.

4. Loading. Loading and unloading shall be designed to have the least amount of impact on neighboring residential uses. When feasible, loading and unloading shall be provided from the commercial frontage rather than from areas adjacent to residential uses.

F. Capitola Mall Redevelopment. While the Capitola Mall site has been zoned regional commercial (C-R) as part of the zoning code update, it is expected that major redevelopment of the mall property may require a rezone, planned development, specific plan, development agreement, or similar process to tailor appropriate development standards for the redevelopment project. Where an application submitted pursuant to this section includes fewer than all parcels within the mall property, the applicant shall demonstrate that the development type and pattern and site design will be compatible and not unreasonably interfere with future redevelopment of the remaining parcels. For the purposes of this section, the mall property is defined as the area bound by 41st Avenue, Clares Street, and Capitola Road.

G. Landscaping. See Section 17.72.050(B) for nonresidential landscape requirements. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.24.040 Residential mixed use development in commercial zoning districts. Revised 6/18

A. Purpose and Applicability. This section establishes design standards for mixed use development with housing above ground-floor commercial uses in the community commercial (C-C) and regional commercial (C-R) zoning districts. These standards are intended to promote successful mixed use development that is pedestrian-friendly and contributes to the vitality of commercial districts in Capitola.

B. Standards.

1. Ground-Floor Uses. Ground-floor spaces fronting the primary street shall be occupied by retail, restaurant, and personal service uses that generate pedestrian activity.

2. Building Placement. Buildings shall be placed near the edge of the sidewalk. Increased setbacks are permitted if they enhance pedestrian experience and add visual interest.

3. Building Orientation. Buildings shall be oriented towards a public street with the primary entrance to the site or building directly accessible from an adjacent sidewalk. The planning commission may allow buildings and their primary entrances to be oriented toward a public space. The primary entrance to a building shall not be oriented towards surface parking.

4. Blank Walls. The length of an unarticulated/blank building wall shall not exceed ten feet. Architectural articulation should have similar pattern as other adjacent buildings to provide cohesive design in the neighborhood. Building articulation may be provided by:

a. Doors, windows, and other building openings;

b. Building projections or recesses, doorway and window trim, and other details that provide architectural articulation and design interest;

c. Varying wall planes, heights or contrasting materials and colors; and

d. Awnings, canopies, or arcades to reinforce the pedestrian scale and provide shade and cover from the elements.

5. Storefront Width. The width of a single building/storefront shall not exceed fifty feet. Larger buildings shall be broken down into a pedestrian-scale rhythm with individual storefront widths of twenty-five to fifty feet.

6. Ground-Floor Building Transparency. The ground-floor street-facing building walls of nonresidential uses shall provide transparent windows or doors with views into the building for a minimum of sixty-five percent of the building frontage located between two and one-half and seven feet above the sidewalk. See Figure 17.24-4. Windows or doors area shall be transparent to allow views into the building. Exceptions to this transparency requirement may be allowed if the planning commission finds that:

a. The proposed use has unique operational characteristics which preclude building openings, such as for a cinema or theater; or

b. Street-facing building walls will exhibit architectural relief and detail, and will be enhanced with landscaping in such a way as to create visual interest at the pedestrian level.

Figure 17.24-4: Storefront Transparency

7. Retail Depth. Ground-floor commercial space shall have a depth of at least forty-five feet or two-thirds of the parcel depth, whichever is less. Where possible, sixty-foot depths are encouraged to accommodate a wider range of tenants, especially food tenants. The planning commission may grant an exception to the minimum retail depth requirement if the minimum retail depth is infeasible due to unusual physical conditions on the parcel.

8. Ground Floor Height. Ground-floor commercial space shall have a minimum floor-to-floor height of fifteen feet. Where possible, eighteen-foot floor-to-floor heights are encouraged.

9. Parking Location. No more than ten percent of off-street retail parking may be provided along the side of retail as “teaser” parking. The remainder of the parking shall be behind the building or in underground/structured parking. See Figure 17.24-5.

10. Driveways and Curb Cuts. Pedestrian and vehicle conflicts shall be minimized by limiting the number of curb cuts to two per block and the width of curb cuts to twenty-four feet where feasible. To the extent possible, curb cuts shall be designed so pedestrian curb ramps are limited and pathways remain level as they cross the vehicle route.

Figure 17.24-5: Residential Mixed Use – Teaser Parking

(Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)