Chapter 17.76
PARKING AND LOADING Revised 6/18

Sections:

17.76.010    Purpose. Revised 6/18

17.76.020    Applicability. Revised 6/18

17.76.030    Required parking spaces. Revised 6/18

17.76.040    General requirements. Revised 6/18

17.76.050    On-site parking alternatives. Revised 6/18

17.76.060    Parking design and development standards. Revised 6/18

17.76.070    Parking lot landscaping. Revised 6/18

17.76.080    Bicycle parking. Revised 6/18

17.76.090    Visitor serving parking. Revised 6/18

17.76.100    On-site loading. Revised 6/18

17.76.010 Purpose. Revised 6/18

This chapter establishes on-site parking and loading requirements in order to:

A. Provide a sufficient number of on-site parking spaces for all land uses.

B. Provide for functional on-site parking areas that are safe for vehicles and pedestrians.

C. Ensure that parking areas are well-designed and contribute to a high quality design environment in Capitola.

D. Allow for flexibility in on-site parking requirements to support a multi-modal transportation system and sustainable development pattern.

E. Ensure that on-site parking areas do not adversely impact land uses on neighboring properties. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.020 Applicability. Revised 6/18

This chapter establishes parking requirements for three development scenarios: establishment of new structures and uses, replacement of existing uses, and expansion and enlargement of existing structures and uses.

A. New Structures and Uses. On-site parking and loading as required by this chapter shall be provided any time a new structure is constructed or a new land use is established.

B. Replacing Existing Uses.

1. Mixed Use Village Zoning District.

a. Where an existing residential use is changed to a commercial use in the mixed use village (MU-V) zoning district, parking shall be provided for the full amount required by the new use. No space credit for the previous use may be granted.

b. In all other changes of use in the mixed use village (MU-V) zoning district, additional parking is required to accommodate the incremental intensification of the new use. Additional parking is not required to remedy parking deficiencies existing prior to the change in use.

2. Other Zoning Districts. Where an existing use is changed to a new use outside of the mixed use village (MU-V) zoning district, additional parking is required to accommodate the incremental intensification of the new use. Additional parking is not required to remedy parking deficiencies existing prior to the change in use.

C. Expansions and Enlargements.

1. Nonresidential Use.

a. Where an existing structure with a nonresidential use is expanded or enlarged, additional parking is required to serve only the expanded or enlarged area, except as allowed by subsection (C)(1)(b) of this section.

b. Within the mixed use village (MU-V) zoning district, an eating and drinking establishment may expand by twenty percent of the existing floor area of the business without providing additional parking. Permitted expansions include modification of the internal building layout to enlarge the dining area, additions to the size of the business within an existing building footprint, and new outdoor dining areas.

2. Residential Use. For an existing structure with a residential use, the full amount of parking to serve the use is required when the floor area is increased by more than ten percent. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.030 Required parking spaces. Revised 6/18

A. Mixed Use Village Zoning District. All land uses in the mixed use village (MU-V) zoning district shall provide the minimum number of on-site parking spaces as specified in Table 17.76-1. Required parking for uses not listed in Table 17.76-1 shall be the same as required for land uses in other zoning districts as shown in Table 17.76-2.

 

Table 17.76-1: Required On-Site Parking in Mixed Use Village Zoning District

Land Uses

Number of Required Parking Spaces

Mixed Use Village (MU-V)

Retail

1 per 240 sq. ft.

Eating and Drinking Establishments

Bars and Lounges

1 per 60 sq. ft. of floor area for dining and/or drinking;

1 per 240 sq. ft. for all other floor area

Restaurants and Cafes

1 per 60 sq. ft. of floor area for dining and/or drinking;

1 per 240 sq. ft. for all other floor area

Take-Out Food and Beverage

1 per 240 sq. ft.

Personal Services

1 per 240 sq. ft.

Hotels

With more than 20 guest rooms

As determined by a parking demand study [1]

With 20 or less guest rooms

1 per guest room plus additional spaces as required by the planning commission

Note:

[1] The parking demand study shall be paid for by the applicant, contracted by the city, and approved by the planning commission.

B. Other Zoning Districts. Land uses in zoning districts other than the mixed use village zoning district shall provide a minimum number of on-site parking spaces as specified in Table 17.76-2.

Table 17.76-2: Required On-Site Parking in Other Zoning Districts 

Land Uses

Number of Required Parking Spaces

Residential Land Uses

Duplex Homes

2 per unit, 1 covered

Elderly and Long-Term Care

1 per 6 beds plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of office and other nonresidential areas

Group Housing (includes single-room occupancy)

1 per unit plus 1 guest space per 6 units

Mobile Home Parks

1 per unit plus 1 per office and 1 guest space per 10 units

Multifamily Dwellings

2.5 per unit, 1 covered

Residential Care Facilities, Small

0.5 per bed plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of office and other nonresidential areas

Residential Care Facilities, Large

0.5 per bed plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of office and other nonresidential areas

Accessory Dwelling Units

See Chapter 17.74 (Accessory Dwelling Units)

Single-Family Dwellings

1,500 sq. ft. or less: 2 per unit

1,501 – 2,000 sq. ft.: 2 per unit, 1 covered

2,001 – 2,600 sq. ft.: 3 per unit, 1 covered

2,601 sq. ft. or more: 4 per unit, 1 covered

Public and Quasi-Public Land Uses

Community Assembly

1 per 3 fixed seats, or 1 per 40 sq. ft. of assembly area for uses without fixed seats

Cultural Institutions

As determined by a parking demand study

Day Care Centers

1 per 400 sq. ft. of floor area used for daycare and 1 per employee

Government Offices

1 per 300 sq. ft.

Home Day Care, Large

1 per nonresident employee

Home Day Care, Small

None beyond minimum for residential use

Medical Offices and Clinics

1 per 300 sq. ft.

Parks and Recreational Facilities

As determined by a parking demand study

Public Safety Facilities

As determined by a parking demand study

Schools, Public or Private

2 per classroom

Commercial Land Uses

Banks and Financial Institutions

1 per 300 sq. ft.

Business Services

1 per 300 sq. ft.

Commercial Entertainment and Recreation

1 per 3 fixed seats, or 1 per 40 sq. ft. of assembly area for uses without fixed seats

Eating and Drinking Establishments

 

Bars and Lounges

1 per 60 sq. ft. of floor area for dining and/or drinking

1 per 300 sq. ft. for all other floor area

Restaurants and Cafes

1 per 60 sq. ft. of floor area for dining and/or drinking

1 per 300 sq. ft. for all other floor area

Take-Out Food and Beverage

1 per 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area

Food Preparation

1 per 1,500 sq. ft. of use area plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of office area

Gas and Service Stations

2 for gas station plus 1 per 100 sq. ft. of retail and as required for vehicle repair

Lodging

 

Bed and Breakfast

1 per guest room plus parking required for residential use

Hotel

1 per guest room plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of office

Maintenance and Repair Services

1 per 600 sq. ft.

Personal Services

1 per 300 sq. ft.

Professional Offices

1 per 300 sq. ft.

Salvage and Wrecking

1 per 500 sq. ft. of building area plus 1 per 0.5 acre of outdoor use area

Self-Storage

1 per 5,000 sq. ft.

Retail

1 per 300 sq. ft. of customer area

Vehicle Repair

1 per 500 sq. ft. of nonservice bay floor area plus 2 per service bay

Vehicle Sales and Rental

1 per 300 sq. ft. of offices plus 1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of display area and requirements for vehicle repair where applicable

Wholesale

1 per 5,000 sq. ft.

Heavy Commercial and Industrial Land Uses

Construction and Material Yards

1 per 2,500 sq. ft.

Custom Manufacturing

1 per 2,000 sq. ft., plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of office

Light Manufacturing

1 per 1,500 sq. ft. of use area plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of office

Warehouse, Distribution, and Storage Facilities

1 per 1,500 sq. ft.

Transportation, Communication, and Utility Uses

Utilities, Major

As determined by a parking demand study

Utilities, Minor

None

Recycling Collection Facilities

1 per 1,000 sq. ft. of floor area

Wireless Communications Facilities

None

Other Uses

Accessory Uses

Same as primary use

Home Occupation

None beyond requirement for residence

Quasi-Public Seating Areas

None

Temporary Uses

As determined by review authority

Urban Agriculture

 

Home Gardens

None beyond requirement for residence

Community Gardens

None

Urban Farms

As determined by a parking demand study

C. Calculation of Required Spaces.

1. Floor Area. Where a parking requirement is a ratio of parking spaces to floor area, the floor area is assumed to be gross floor area, unless otherwise stated. The floor area of a use shall be calculated as described in Section 17.48.040 (Floor area and floor area ratio). Floor area for garages and other parking facilities are not included in the calculation of floor area for the purpose of determining on-site parking requirements.

2. Employees. Where a parking requirement is stated as a ratio of parking spaces to employees, the number of employees is based on the largest shift that occurs in a typical week.

3. Seats. Where a parking requirement is stated as a ratio of parking spaces to seats, each twenty-four inches of bench-type seating at maximum seating capacity is counted as one seat.

4. Fractional Spaces. In determining the number of required parking, fractions of spaces over one-half shall be rounded up to the next whole number.

D. Unlisted Uses. The parking requirement for land uses not listed in Table 17.76-1 and Table 17.76-2 shall be determined by the community development director based on the requirement for the most comparable similar use, the particular characteristics of the proposed use, and any other relevant data regarding parking demand.

E. Sites with Multiple Uses. Where more than one land use is conducted on a site, the minimum number of required on-site parking spaces shall be the sum of the number of parking spaces required for each individual use.

F. Additional Required Parking. The planning commission may require more on-site parking than required by Table 17.76-1 and Table 17.76-2 if the planning commission determines that additional parking is needed to serve the proposed use and to minimize adverse impacts on neighboring properties. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.040 General requirements. Revised 6/18

A. Availability and Use of Spaces.

1. In all zoning districts, required parking spaces shall be permanently available and maintained to provide parking for the use they are intended to serve.

2. Owners, lessees, tenants, or persons having control of the operation of a use for which parking spaces are required shall not prevent or restrict authorized persons from using these spaces.

3. A conditional use permit is required to designate parking spaces for exclusive use by an individual tenant within an integrated commercial complex.

4. Required parking spaces shall be used exclusively for the temporary parking of vehicles and shall not be used for the sale, lease, display, repair, advertising, or storage of vehicles, trailers, boats, campers, mobile homes, merchandise, or equipment, or for any other use not authorized by the zoning code.

B. Parking in Front and Exterior Side Setback Areas.

1. R-1 Zoning District. In the R-1 zoning district, the width of a parking space in the required front or exterior side setback area may not exceed forty percent of lot width up to a maximum of twenty feet, except that all lots may have a parking space of up to fourteen feet in width regardless of lot width. See Figure 17.76-1. The planning commission may allow a larger parking area within the required front and exterior side setback areas with a design permit if the larger parking area incorporates design features, such as impervious materials and enhanced landscaping, that minimize visual impacts to the neighborhood.

Figure 17.76-1: Parking in Front Setback Area in R-1 Zoning District

2. Other Zoning Districts.

a. In all zoning districts other than the R-1 zoning district, required parking spaces may not be located within required front or exterior side setback areas.

b. In the mixed use village zoning district, parking may be located adjacent to the street-facing property line in accordance with Section 17.20.030(E)(5) (Parking Location and Buffers).

c. In the mixed use neighborhood zoning district, parking may be located in the front or exterior side setback area if approved by the planning commission in accordance with Section 17.20.040(E) (Parking Location and Buffers).

C. Location of Parking.

1. All Zoning Districts. Required parking spaces may not be located within any public or private right-of-way unless located in a sidewalk exempt area and an encroachment permit is granted.

2. R-1 Zoning District. Required parking spaces in the R-1 zoning district shall be on the same parcel as the use that they serve.

3. MU-V Zoning District. Required parking spaces for new nonresidential development and intensified uses in the MU-V zoning district shall be provided on sites outside of the Village area. These spaces shall be within walking distance of the use which it serves or at remote sites served by a shuttle system. The planning commission may approve exceptions to allow on-site parking in the MU-V district for:

a. The Capitola Theater site (APN 035-262-04) and Mercantile site (APN 035-221-17) if driveway cuts are minimized to the extent possible and parking areas are located on the interior of the sites; and

b. If mandated under Federal Emergency Management Agency regulations and as consistent with the certified local coastal program.

4. Other Zoning Districts. In all zoning districts other than the R-1 and MU-V zoning districts, required parking shall be located on the same lot as the use they are intended to serve, except as allowed by Section 17.76.050(D).

D. Large Vehicle Storage in the R-1 Zoning District. In addition to the required on-site parking spaces for a single-family dwelling, one additional on-site parking or storage space may be provided on a parcel in the R-1 zoning district for a recreational vehicle, boat, camper, or similar vehicle. This space may not be located in a required front or exterior side setback area and may be utilized only to store a vehicle that does not exceed thirteen and one-half feet in height, eight and one-half feet in width, and twenty-five feet in length. Such parking or storage spaces shall be finished in concrete, asphalt, semi-permeable pavers, or a similar paved surface.

E. Covered Parking in the R-1 Zoning District.

1. When required by this chapter, covered parking spaces serving a single-family dwelling shall be provided within an enclosed garage. The planning commission may allow required covered parking spaces to be provided within an open carport with a design permit if the planning commission finds that a garage is practically infeasible or that a carport results in a superior project design.

2. All carports serving a single-family dwelling shall comply with the following design standards:

a. Carports shall be designed with high quality materials, compatible with the home. The roofing design, pitch, colors, exterior materials and supporting posts shall be similar to the home. The carport shall appear substantial and decoratively finished in a style matching the home which it serves.

b. The slope of a carport roof shall substantially match the roof slope of the home which it serves.

c. Pedestrian pathways connecting the carport with the home shall be provided.

3. Garages in the R-1 zoning district may be converted to habitable living space only if the total number of required on-site parking spaces is maintained, including covered spaces for the covered parking space requirement.

F. Electric Vehicle Charging.

1. When Required. Electric vehicle charging stations shall be provided:

a. For new structures or uses required to provide at least twenty-five parking spaces; and

b. Additions or remodels that increase an existing parking lot of fifty or more spaces by ten percent or more.

2. Number of Charging Stations. The number of required charging stations shall be calculated as follows:

a. Twenty-five to forty-nine parking spaces: one charging station.

b. Fifty to one hundred parking spaces: two charging stations, plus one for each additional fifty parking spaces.

c. For the purpose of calculating required number of charging stations, parking spaces shall include existing and proposed spaces.

3. Location and Signage. Charging stations shall be installed adjacent to standard size parking spaces. Signage shall be installed designating spaces with charging stations for electric vehicles only.

G. Parking for Persons with Disabilities.

1. Parking spaces for persons with disabilities shall be provided in compliance with California Code of Regulations Title 24.

2. Parking spaces required for the disabled shall count toward compliance with the number of parking spaces required by Table 17.76-1 and Table 17.76-2.

H. Curb-Side Service.

1. Curb-side (drive-up) service for retail uses is allowed in all commercial and mixed use zoning districts.

2. Restaurant curb-side service requires a conditional use permit in the regional commercial (C-R) zoning district and is prohibited in all other zoning districts. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.050 On-site parking alternatives. Revised 6/18

A. Purpose. This section identifies alternatives to required on-site parking to:

1. Allow for creative parking solutions;

2. Enhance economic vitality in Capitola;

3. Promote walking, biking, and use of transit; and

4. Encourage the efficient use of land resources consistent with the general plan.

B. Eligibility. Alternatives to required on-site parking in this section are available only to uses located outside of the mixed use village zoning district, except for:

1. Valet parking (subsection F of this section) which is available in all zoning districts, including the mixed use village zoning district; and

2. Fees in lieu of parking (subsection I of this section), which are available only to uses in the mixed use village zoning district.

C. Required Approval. All reductions in on-site parking described in this section require planning commission approval of a conditional use permit.

D. Off-Site Parking.

1. For multifamily housing and nonresidential uses, the planning commission may allow off-site parking if the commission finds that practical difficulties prevent the parking from being located on the same lot it is intended to serve.

2. Off-site parking shall be located within a reasonable distance of the use it is intended to serve, as determined by the planning commission.

3. A deed restriction or other legal instrument, approved by the city attorney, shall be filed with the county recorder. The covenant record shall require the owner of the property where the on-site parking is located to continue to maintain the parking space so long as the building, structure, or improvement is maintained in Capitola. This covenant shall stipulate that the title and right to use the parcels shall not be subject to multiple covenants or contracts for use without prior written consent of the city.

E. Shared Parking. Multiple land uses on a single parcel or development site may use shared parking facilities when operations for the land uses are not normally conducted during the same hours, or when hours of peak use differ. The planning commission may allow shared parking subject to the following requirements:

1. A parking demand study prepared by a specialized consultant contracted by the community development director, paid for by the applicant, and approved by the planning commission demonstrates that there will be no substantial conflicts between the land uses’ principal hours of operation and periods of peak parking demand.

2. The total number of parking spaces required for the land uses does not exceed the number of parking spaces anticipated at periods of maximum use.

3. The proposed shared parking facility is located no further than four hundred feet from the primary entrance of the land use which it serves.

4. In the mixed use neighborhood (MU-N) zoning district the reduction for shared parking is no greater than twenty-five percent of the required on-site parking spaces.

F. Valet Parking. The planning commission may allow up to twenty-five percent of the required on-site parking spaces to be off-site valet spaces (except for a hotel on the former Village Theater site (APN 035-262-04, 035-262-02, and 035-261-10) for which there is no maximum limit of off-site valet spaces). Valet parking shall comply with the following standards:

1. Valet parking lots must be staffed when business is open by an attendant who is authorized and able to move vehicles.

2. A valet parking plan shall be reviewed and approved by the community development director in consultation with the public works director.

3. Valet parking may not interfere with or obstruct vehicle or pedestrian circulation on the site or on any public street or sidewalk.

4. The use served by valet parking shall provide a designated drop-off and pick-up area. The drop-off and pick-up area may be located adjacent to the building, but it may not be located within a fire lane, impede vehicular and/or pedestrian circulation, or cause queuing in the right-of-way or drive aisle.

G. Low Demand. The number of required on-site parking spaces may be reduced if the planning commission finds that the land use will not utilize the required number of spaces due to the nature of the specific use. This finding shall be supported by the results of a parking demand study approved by the community development director in consultation with the public works director.

H. Transportation Demand Management Plan. The planning commission may reduce the number of required on-site parking spaces for employers that adopt and implement a transportation demand management (TDM) plan subject to the following requirements and limitations:

1. A TDM plan reduction is available only to employers with twenty-five or more employees.

2. Required on-site parking spaces may be reduced by no more than fifteen percent.

3. The TDM plan shall be approved by the community development director in consultation with the public works director.

4. The TDM plan shall identify specific measures that will measurably reduce the demand for on-site parking spaces. Acceptable measures must ensure a reduced demand for parking spaces (e.g., an employee operated shuttle program). Measures that only encourage the use of transit, ridesharing, biking, or walking will not be accepted.

5. The employer shall appoint a program coordinator to oversee transportation demand management activities.

6. The program coordinator must provide a report annually to the planning commission that details the implementation strategies and effectiveness of the TDM plan.

7. The planning commission may revoke the TDM plan at any time and require additional parking spaces on site upon finding that the plan has not been implemented as required or that the plan has not produced the reduction in the demand for on-site parking spaces as originally intended.

I. Fees in Lieu of Parking.

1. Within the MU-V zoning district, on-site parking requirements for hotel uses may be satisfied by payment of an in-lieu parking fee established by the city council to provide an equivalent number of parking spaces in a municipal parking lot. Such payment must be made before issuance of a building permit or a certificate of occupancy. Requests to participate in an in-lieu parking program must be approved by the city council.

2. Fee revenue must be used to provide public parking in the vicinity of the use. In establishing parking districts, the city council may set limitations on the number of spaces or the maximum percentage of parking spaces required for which an in-lieu fee may be tendered.

J. Transit Center Credit. Provided a regional transit center is located within the Capitola Mall property, the planning commission may reduce the number of required parking spaces by up to ten percent for residential mixed use projects in the Capitola Mall property bounded by Clares Street, Capitola Road, and 41st Avenue. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.060 Parking design and development standards. Revised 6/18

A. Minimum Parking Space Dimensions. Minimum dimensions of parking spaces shall be as shown in Table 17.76-3.

B. 

Table 17.76-3: Minimum Parking Space Dimensions

Type of Space

Minimum Space Dimensions

Spaces Serving Single-Family Dwellings

 

Uncovered and covered (garage) spaces

10 ft. by 20 ft. [1]

In sidewalk exempt areas

10 ft. by 18 ft.

Spaces Serving Multifamily and Nonresidential Uses

 

Standard Spaces

9 ft. by 18 ft.

Compact Spaces

8 ft. by 16 ft.

Tandem Spaces [2]

9 ft. by 18 ft.

Notes:

[1] The dimensions of parking spaces in an enclosed garage shall be measured from the interior garage walls.

[2] See subsection (F)(3) of this section (Tandem Parking Spaces).

C. Compact Spaces. A maximum of thirty percent of required on-site parking spaces serving multifamily and nonresidential uses may be compact spaces. All parking spaces for compact cars shall be clearly marked with the word “Compact” either on the wheel stop or curb, or on the pavement at the opening of the space.

D. Parking Lot Dimensions. The dimensions of parking spaces, maneuvering aisles, and access ways within a parking lot shall conform to the city’s official parking space standard specifications maintained by the public works director and as shown in Figure 17.76-2 and Table 17.76-4.

Figure 17.76-2: Standard Parking Lot Dimensions

 

Table 17.76-4: Standard Parking Lot Dimensions

Parking Angle

Width

Depth

Aisle

Single Bay

Double Bay

Compact

Standard

Compact

Standard

Compact

Residential

Commercial

Compact

Residential

Commercial

Compact

Residential

Commercial

90

7'-6”

8'-6"

15'-0"

18'-0"

20'-0"

22'-0"

25'-0"

35'-0"

40'-0"

43'-0"

50'-0"

58'-0"

61'-0"

85

7'-7"

8'-6"

15'-7"

18'-8"

19'-0"

21'-0"

24'-0"

34'-7"

39'-8"

42'-8"

50'-2"

58'-4"

61'-0"

80

7'-8"

8'-7"

16'-1"

19'-2"

18'-0"

20'-0"

23'-0"

34'-1"

39'-2"

42'-4"

50'-2"

58'-4"

61'-0"

75

7'-9"

8'-10"

16'-5"

19'-7"

17'-0"

19'-0"

22'-0"

33'-5"

38'-7"

41'-7"

49'-10"

58'-2"

61'-0"

70

8'-0"

9'-0"

16'-9"

19'-10"

16'-0"

18'-0"

21'-0"

32'-9"

37'-10"

40'-10"

49'-6"

57'-8"

66'-8"

65

8'-4"

9'-4"

16'-10"

19'-11"

15'-0"

17'-0"

20'-0"

31'-10"

36'-11"

39'-11"

48'-8"

56'-10"

59'-10"

60

8'-8"

9'-10"

16'-9"

19'-10"

14'-0"

16'-0"

19'-0"

30'-9"

35'-10"

38'-10"

47'-6"

55'-8"

58'-8"

55

9'-1"

10'-4"

16'-7"

19'-7"

13'-0"

15'-0"

18'-0"

29'-7"

34'-7"

37'-7"

46'-2"

54'-2"

57'-2"

50

9'-10"

11'-1"

16'-4"

19'-2"

12'-0"

14'-0"

17'-0"

28'-4"

33'-2"

36'-2"

44'-8"

52'-4"

55'-4"

45

10'-7"

12'-0"

15'-11"

18'-8"

11'-0"

13'-0"

16'-0"

25'-5"

30'-0"

33'-0"

42'-10"

50'-4"

53'-4"

40

11'-8"

13'-2"

15'-15"

18'-0"

10'-0"

12'-0"

15'-0"

24'-8"

28'-2"

31'-2"

40'-10"

48'-0"

51'-0"

35

13'-1"

14'-10"

14'-8"

17'-2"

10'-0"

11'-0"

14'-0"

24'-0"

26'-2"

29'-2"

39'-4"

45'-4"

48'-4"

30

15'-3"

17'-0"

14'-0"

16'-2"

10'-0"

10-0"

13'-0"

35'-0"

40'-0"

43'-0"

38'-0"

42'-4"

45'-4"

E. Surfacing.

1. All parking spaces, maneuvering aisles, and access ways shall be paved with asphalt, concrete, or other all-weather surface.

2. Permeable paving materials, such as porous concrete/asphalt, open-jointed pavers, and turf grids, are a preferred surface material, subject to approval by the public works director.

F. Tandem Parking Spaces. Tandem parking spaces are permitted for all residential land uses; provided, that they comply with the following standards:

1. Parking spaces in a tandem configuration shall be reserved for and assigned to a single dwelling unit.

2. For single-family dwellings, tandem parking is permitted for up to two uncovered spaces in front of a garage, with a maximum of three tandem spaces, including the covered space in a single garage. Tandem parking spaces of three spaces or more require planning commission approval.

3. The minimum size of an uncovered tandem parking space may be reduced to nine feet by eighteen feet.

4. All required guest parking shall be provided as single, nontandem parking spaces.

5. Tandem parking spaces shall not block the use of the driveway to access other parking spaces located within the parking area.

6. Tandem parking spaces shall be used to accommodate passenger vehicles only.

G. Parking Lifts. Required parking may be provided using elevator-like mechanical parking systems (“lifts”) provided the lifts are located within an enclosed structure or otherwise screened from public view. Parking lifts shall be maintained and operable through the life of the project.

H. Lighting.

1. A parking area with six or more parking spaces shall include outdoor lighting that provides adequate illumination for public safety over the entire parking area.

2. Outdoor lighting as required above shall be provided during nighttime business hours.

3. All parking space area lighting shall be energy efficient and directed away from residential properties to minimize light trespass.

4. All fixtures shall be hooded and downward facing so the lighting source is not directly visible from the public right-of-way or adjoining properties.

5. All fixtures shall meet the International Dark Sky Association’s (IDA) requirements for reducing waste of ambient light (“dark sky compliant”).

I. Pedestrian Access.

1. Parking lots with more than thirty parking spaces shall include a pedestrian walkway in compliance with ADA requirements.

2. The design of the pedestrian walkway shall be clearly visible and distinguished from parking and circulation areas through striping, contrasting paving material, or other similar method as approved by the community development director.

J. Screening. Parking lots of six spaces or more shall comply with the following screening standards:

1. Location. Screening shall be provided along the perimeter of parking lots fronting a street or abutting a residential zoning district.

2. Height.

a. Screening adjacent to streets shall have a minimum height of three feet.

b. For parking lots within ten feet of a residential zoning district, screening shall have a minimum height of six feet, with additional height allowed with planning commission approval.

3. Materials – General. Required screening may consist of one or more of the following materials:

a. Low-profile walls constructed of brick, stone, stucco or other durable material.

b. Evergreen plants that form an opaque screen.

c. An open fence combined with landscaping to form an opaque screen.

d. A berm landscaped with ground cover, shrubs, or trees.

4. Materials – Adjacent Residential. Parking lots within ten feet of a residential zoning district shall be screened by a masonry wall.

K. Drainage. A drainage plan for all parking lots shall be approved by the public works director.

L. Adjustments to Parking Design and Development Standards. The planning commission may allow adjustments to parking design and development standards in this section through the approval of a minor modification as described in Chapter 17.136 (Minor Modifications). (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.070 Parking lot landscaping. Revised 6/18

A. General Standards. All landscaping within parking lots shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 17.72 (Landscaping) in addition to the standards within this section.

B. Landscaping Defined. Except as otherwise specified in this section, landscaping and landscaped areas shall consist of plant materials, including any combination of trees, shrubs, and ground cover.

C. Interior Landscaping. All areas within a parking lot not utilized for parking spaces or access/circulation shall be landscaped. For parking lots with more than fifteen spaces, the minimum amount of interior landscaping is specified in Table 17.76-5. Interior landscaping is defined as any landscaped area surrounded on at least two sides by parking spaces or drive aisles, and excluding areas around the perimeter of the parcel or development site.

Table 17.76-5: Minimum Required Parking Lot Landscaping

Number of Required Parking Spaces

Percent of Surface Parking Area to Be Landscaped

16 to 30

10%

31 to 60

15%

Over 60

20%

D. Shade Trees.

1. One shade tree shall be provided for every five parking spaces in a parking lot.

2. Shade trees shall be a minimum twenty-four-inch box in size and shall provide a minimum thirty-foot canopy at maturity.

3. Shade trees shall be of a type that can reach maturity within fifteen years of planting and shall be selected from a city-recommended list of canopy tree species.

4. Shade trees shall be arranged in a parking lot to provide maximum shade coverage (based on a thirty-foot canopy) on August 21st. The arrangement should approximate nearly fifty percent shade coverage.

5. The planning commission may grant an exception to the required tree plantings if the fifty percent shade coverage exists within the parking lot.

E. Concrete Curbs.

1. All landscape areas shall be separated from parking spaces, drive aisles and driveways by a continuous, raised concrete curb. Raised concrete curbs shall be a minimum of four inches high by four inches deep.

2. The city may approve alternatives to raised concrete curbs as needed to comply with any mandatory stormwater drainage standards.

F. Parking Space Landscaping. A maximum of two feet at the front end of a parking space may be landscaped with low shrubs or ground cover in which a vehicle could extend over in lieu of paving surface. This landscaping may not count toward minimum required parking lot landscaped area.

G. Timing. Landscaping shall be installed prior to the city’s authorization to occupy any buildings served by the parking area, or prior to the final inspection for the parking lot.

H. Green Parking Exemptions. Parking lots that incorporate solar panels, bioswales, and other similar green features into the parking lot design are eligible for reduced parking lot landscaping requirements with planning commission approval of a design permit.

I. Exceptions. The planning commission may grant an exception to the parking lot landscaping requirements in this section with the approval of a design permit upon finding that:

1. Full compliance with the requirement is infeasible or undesirable;

2. The project complies with the requirement to the greatest extent possible; and

3. The project incorporates other features to compensate for the exception and create a high quality design environment. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.080 Bicycle parking. Revised 6/18

A. Applicability. All new multifamily developments of five units or more and commercial uses served by parking lots of ten spaces or more shall provide bicycle parking as specified in this section.

B. Types of Bicycle Parking.

1. Short-Term Bicycle Parking. Short-term bicycle parking provides shoppers, customers, messengers and other visitors who generally park for two hours or less a convenient and readily accessible place to park bicycles.

2. Long-Term Parking. Long-term bicycle parking provides employees, residents, visitors and others who generally stay at a site for several hours a secure and weather-protected place to park bicycles. Long-term parking may be located in publicly accessible areas or in garages or other limited access areas for exclusive use by tenants or residents.

C. Bicycle Parking Spaces Required. Short-term and long-term bicycle parking spaces shall be provided as specified in Table 17.76-6.

Table 17.76-6: Required Bicycle Parking Spaces

Land Use

Required Bicycle Parking Spaces

Short-Term Spaces

Long-Term Spaces

Multifamily Dwellings and Group Housing

10% of required automobile spaces; minimum of 4 spaces

1 per unit

Nonresidential Uses

10% of required automobile spaces

1 per 20 required automobile spaces for uses 10,000 sq. ft. or greater

D. Short-Term Bicycle Parking Standards. Short-term bicycle parking shall be located within one hundred feet of the primary entrance of the structure or use it is intended to serve.

E. Long-Term Bicycle Parking Standards. the following standards apply to long-term bicycle parking:

1. Location. Long-term bicycle parking shall be located within seven hundred fifty feet of the use that it is intended to serve.

2. Security. Long-term bicycle parking spaces shall be secured. Spaces are considered secured if they are:

a. In a locked room or area enclosed by a fence with a locked gate;

b. Within view or within one hundred feet of an attendant or security guard;

c. In an area that is monitored by a security camera; or

d. Visible from employee work areas.

F. Parking Space Dimensions.

1. Minimum dimensions of two feet by six feet shall be provided for each bicycle parking space.

2. An aisle of at least five feet shall be provided behind all bicycle parking to allow room for maneuvering.

3. Two feet of clearance shall be provided between bicycle parking spaces and adjacent walls, poles, landscaping, pedestrian paths, and other similar features.

4. Four feet of clearance shall be provided between bicycle parking spaces and adjacent automobile parking spaces and drive aisles.

G. Rack Design. Bicycle racks must be capable of locking both the wheels and the frame of the bicycle and of supporting bicycles in a fixed position. The planning commission may allow creative approaches to rack design (e.g., vertical wall-mounted bicycle racks) if physical site constraints render compliance with bicycle parking design standards impractical or undesirable.

H. Cover. If bicycle parking spaces are covered, the cover shall be permanent and designed to protect the bicycle from rainfall. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.090 Visitor serving parking. Revised 6/18

A. Shuttle Program Parking. Parking for the free summer beach shuttle program shall be provided in a remote lot or lots, such as those located on Bay Avenue, Capitola Beach, and the Village public parking lots.

B. Public Parking in the Coastal Zone.

1. Public parking existing as of [date of Zoning Ordinance adoption] in the following locations in the CF zoning district shall be maintained for public parking:

a. The Upper City Hall parking lot;

b. The Cliff Drive overlook parking; and

c. The Cliff Drive Southern Pacific railroad right-of-way parking unless Cliff Drive must be relocated due to cliff erosion.

2. Substantial changes in public parking facilities in the coastal zone require a local coastal program (LCP) amendment. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)

17.76.100 On-site loading. Revised 6/18

A. Applicability. All retail, hotel, warehousing, manufacturing, and similar uses that involve the frequent receipt or delivery of materials or merchandise shall provide on-site loading spaces consistent with the requirements of this section.

B. Number of Loading Spaces. The minimum number of required loading spaces shall be as specified in Table 17.76-7.

Table 17.76-7: Required Loading Spaces

Floor Area

Required Loading Spaces

Less than 10,000 sq. ft.

None

10,000 to 30,000 sq. ft.

1

Greater than 30,000 sq. ft.

2 plus 1 per each additional 20,000 sq. ft.

C. Location.

1. Required loading spaces shall be located on the same lot as the use they are intended to serve.

2. No loading space shall be located closer than fifty feet to a residential zoning district, unless the loading space is wholly enclosed within a building or screened by a solid wall not less than eight feet in height.

D. Dimensions.

1. Each loading space shall have minimum dimensions of ten feet wide, twenty-five feet long, and fourteen feet in vertical clearance.

2. Deviations from the minimum dimensions standards may be approved by the community development director if the spatial needs are less than the minimum required due to the truck size and type that will be utilized in the operation of a specific business.

E. Design and Configuration.

1. Loading spaces shall be configured to ensure that loading and unloading takes place on site and not within adjacent public rights-of way.

2. Sufficient maneuvering area shall be provided for loading spaces so that vehicles may enter and exit an abutting street in a forward direction.

3. Loading spaces and their associated maneuvering areas shall not encroach into required employee or visitor parking areas or other on-site areas required for vehicle circulation.

4. Loading spaces shall be striped and clearly identified as for loading purposes only. (Ord. 1017 § 2 (Exh. A) (part), 2018)