Chapter 7.32
BUILDING CODE

Sections:

7.32.010    Title.

7.32.020    Purpose.

7.32.030    Adoption of building codes.

7.32.040    Scope.

7.32.050    Exceptions.

7.32.060    Additions, alterations and repairs—Generally.

7.32.070    Additions, alterations and repairs—Code compliance.

7.32.080    Alterations and repairs—Apartment houses, hotels and dwellings.

7.32.090    Additions—Apartment houses, hotels and dwellings.

7.32.100    Repair of roof covering.

7.32.110    Chapter 1, Division II, Administration—Deleted.

7.32.120    Sections 501.2.1, 501.2.2, 501.2.3, 501.2.4, Chapter 5, Address illumination.

7.32.130    Section 507.14, Chapter 5, Yard restriction—Added.

7.32.140    Section 706.1, Chapter 7, Fire walls—Amended.

7.32.150    Section 701A.1, Chapter 7A, Scope—Amended.

7.32.160    Section 702A, Chapter 7A, Definitions—Amended.

7.32.170    Sections 903.2.4.1, 903.2.9.1, 903.2.9.2, 903.2.10, 903.2.10.1—Deleted; Sections 903.2.1.1 #1, 903.2.1.2 #1, 903.2.1.3 #1, 903.2.1.4 #1, 903.2.3 #1, 903.2.4, 903.2.7 #1, 903.2.9, 903.2.11.3—Amended; and Sections 903.2.2.1 and 903.2.20—Added.

7.32.180    Section 1505.1, Chapter 15, Fire Classification—Amended.

7.32.190    Table 1607.1, Chapter 16, Uniform and concentrated live loads—Amended.

7.32.200    Section 1705.3, Exception 1, Chapter 17, Concrete Construction—Amended.

7.32.210    Section 1905.1.7, Chapter 19, ACI 318, Section 14.1.4—Amended.

7.32.220    Section 2304.12.2.5, Chapter 23, Supporting members for permeable floors and roofs—Amended.

7.32.230    Table 2308.6.1, Chapter 23, Wall Bracing Requirements—Amended.

7.32.240    Section 2308.6.9, Attachment of Sheathing—Amended.

7.32.250    Section 3115.1, Chapter 31, Prohibited Installations—Added.

7.32.260    Section 3203, Chapter 32, Signs—Added.

7.32.270    Section H101.2, Signs exempt from permits—Deleted.

7.32.280    Section 1010, Appendix Chapter 10, Building security—Added.

7.32.010 Title.

The building codes adopted by Section 7.32.030 and the provisions of this chapter shall constitute the Dublin Building Code and may be referred to as such. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.020 Purpose.

The promotion and preservation of the public health, safety and general welfare of the people of the city and the property situated therein have made necessary the adoption of the building codes referred to in Section 7.32.030 in order to adequately safeguard life, health, property, and general welfare. The purpose of this code is not to create or otherwise establish or designate any particular class or groups of persons who will or should be especially protected or benefited by the terms of this code. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.030 Adoption of building codes.

A.    The 2016 California Building Code, Part 2, Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations, a portion of the California Building Standards Code, as defined in the California State Health and Safety Code Section 18901 et seq. (hereinafter referred to as the “state code”), and any rules and regulations promulgated pursuant thereto including the International Building Code, 2015 Edition, including Appendix Chapters C, F, G, H, and I, as published by the International Code Council, and as referenced in and adopted pursuant to California State Health and Safety Code Sections 17922 and 18935, (hereinafter referred to as the “IBC”) are hereby adopted and incorporated by reference herein.

The codes and standards referenced in this code shall be considered part of this code to the prescribed extent of each such reference. Where the extent of the reference to a referenced code or standard includes subject matter that is within the scope of this code or the mechanical, plumbing, housing, fire or energy codes, the provisions of these codes, as applicable, shall take precedence over the provisions in the referenced code or standard.

Copies of the adopted codes have been and are now filed in the Office of the Building Official, 100 Civic Plaza, Dublin, California, for use and examination by the public. Said codes are adopted by reference pursuant to Section 50022.4 et seq. of the Government Code of the State of California, and the codes are hereby adopted and incorporated as fully as if set out at length herein, and from the date on which the ordinance codified in this chapter shall take effect, the provisions thereof shall be controlling within the limits of the city of Dublin.

B.    Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of this section, the state code and the IBC are amended as set forth in Sections 7.32.110 through 7.32.280. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.040 Scope.

A.    The provisions of this code shall apply to the installation, erection, construction, enlargement, addition to, alteration, repair, moving, removal, demolition, conversion, occupancy, equipment, use, replacement, and maintenance of any building or structure within the city.

B.    The permissive provision of this code shall not be presumed to waive any limitations imposed by any other law, ordinance, rule, or regulation. If two (2) or more pertinent limitations are not identical, those limitations shall prevail which provide greater safety to life, health, property, or public welfare.

C.    Buildings shall be made accessible to the physically handicapped as required by Title 24, California Code of Regulations. Whenever there is a conflict between the provisions of this code and Title 24, California Code of Regulations, with respect to the accessibility of buildings to the physically handicapped, the provisions of Title 24 shall prevail. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.050 Exceptions.

The provisions of this code shall not apply to:

A.    Work located in a public street;

B. Trailer coaches, campers, mobile homes, motor vehicles, railroad cars, and aircraft; however, if any of the foregoing are permanently placed on the ground or have their wheels removed for other than temporary repairs, they shall comply with all of the provisions of this code;

C.    Houseboats or other watercraft; however, if any of the foregoing are stored out of the water and are used for any purpose whatsoever, they shall comply with all of the provisions of this chapter;

D.    Towers or poles supporting communication lines or power transmission lines;

E.    Dams, flood control and drainage structures;

F.    Portable amusement devices and structures, including merry-go-rounds, ferris wheels, rotating conveyances, slides, similar devices, and portable accessory structures whose use is necessary for the operation of such amusement devices and structures but not including any storage building or detached structure which is not an integral part of the device;

G.    Detached one (1) and two (2) family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three (3) stories above grade plane in height with a separate means of egress and their accessory structures not more than three (3) stories above grade plane in height shall comply with the Residential Code. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.060 Additions, alterations and repairs—Generally.

Buildings or structures to which additions, alterations, or repairs are made shall comply with all the requirements of this code for new buildings or structures except as specifically provided for in this section and Sections 7.32.070 through 7.32.100. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.070 Additions, alterations and repairs—Code compliance.

Additions, alterations or repairs may be made to any building or structure without requiring the existing building or structure to comply with all the requirements of this code, provided the addition, alteration or repair conforms to that required for a new building or structure. Additions or alterations shall not be made to an existing building or structure which will cause the existing building or structure to be in violation of any of the provisions of this code nor shall such additions or alterations cause the existing building or structure to become unsafe. An unsafe condition shall be deemed to have been created if an addition or alteration will cause the existing building or structure to become structurally unsafe or overloaded; will not provide adequate egress in compliance with the provisions of this code or will obstruct existing exits; will create a fire hazard; will reduce required fire resistance or will otherwise create conditions dangerous to human life. Any building so altered, which involves a change in use or occupancy, shall not exceed the height, number of stories and area permitted for new buildings. Any building plus new additions shall not exceed the height, number of stories and area specified for new buildings. Additions or alterations shall not be made to an existing building or structure when such existing building or structure is not in full compliance with the provisions of this code. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.080 Alterations and repairs—Apartment houses, hotels and dwellings.

A.    The provisions of Section 7.32.070 shall not prohibit the alteration or repair of any legally established existing apartment house, hotel, dwelling or structure accessory thereto which retains, replaces or extends the use of the original materials or continued use of original methods of construction, provided such alteration or repair does not create or continue a dangerous building as defined in Section 7.28.200 or a substandard building as defined in Section 1001 of the Uniform Housing Code. However, such alteration or repair shall not reduce any required fire resistance below that specified by this code, reduce the resistance to lateral forces below that specified by this code, or increase the stress or deflection of any member so as to exceed that specified by this code.

B.    The provisions of Section 7.32.070 pertaining to additions shall not require any legally existing apartment house, hotel, dwelling, or structure accessory thereto to be made to conform to the provisions of this code solely because of the construction of the addition. However, this section shall not be constructed to permit the addition to increase the stress or deflection of any existing member so as to exceed that specified by the building code. Whenever an addition increases the number of occupants which must exit through the existing building, all of the exit facilities serving the increased number of occupants shall comply with the provisions of this code. Whenever a new dwelling unit is created either by new construction, or by an alteration to an existing building, separate gas and electrical meters shall be provided. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.090 Additions—Apartment houses, hotels and dwellings.

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 7.28.220, whenever alterations, repairs, or additions requiring a permit or one (1) or more sleeping rooms are added or created in existing Group R Occupancies, the entire building shall be provided with smoke alarms and carbon monoxide alarms located as required for new Group R Occupancies.

Furthermore, spark arrestors shall be installed on all chimneys connected to solid burning fuel-burning appliances. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.100 Repair of roof covering.

Roof coverings may be repaired or replaced with materials as set forth in Section 7.32.180. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.110 Chapter 1, Division II, Administration—Deleted.

Chapter 1, Division II is deleted. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.120 Sections 501.2.1, 501.2.2, 501.2.3, 501.2.4, Chapter 5, Address illumination.

Sections 501.2.1, 501.2.2, 501.2.3 and 501.2.4 are added to read:

501.2.1 The address number(s) shall be illuminated during the hours of darkness. The light source shall be provided with an uninterruptible AC power source or controlled by a photoelectric device.

501.2.2 Exterior doors in commercial tenant space numbers shall be addressed as required in section 501.2. Exception, dual doors may have the addresses on one door or centered above the doors. In addition, all rear doors or service doors will have the name of the business in 4-inch high lettering.

501.2.3 No other number may be affixed to a structure that might be mistaken for, or confused with, the number assigned to the structure.

501.2.4 The assigned address, including the suite number, shall be displayed on all electric meters in accordance with utility company standards.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.130 Section 507.14, Chapter 5, Yard restriction—Added.

A new Section 507.14 is added to read:

507.14 Yard Restriction. The increase in area permitted by Sections 506.3, 507.1 through 507.13 of this Section shall not be allowed unless or until the owner of the required yard shall file an agreement binding such owner, his heirs, and assignees, to set aside the required yard as unobstructed space having no improvements. Such agreement shall be recorded in the Alameda County Recorder’s Office.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.140 Section 706.1, Chapter 7, Fire walls—Amended.

Section 706.1 is amended by adding a new subsection 706.1.2 to read:

706.1.2 Fire walls shall not be considered to create separate buildings for the purpose of automatic fire-sprinkler system requirements as set forth in Chapter 9.

Exception: Buildings separated by continuous fire walls of four-hour fire-resistive construction without openings. Buildings required to have automatic fire-sprinkler protection as set forth in Section 13113 of the Health and Safety Code are prohibited from using fire walls in lieu of automatic fire-sprinkler protection.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.150 Section 701A.1, Chapter 7A, Scope—Amended.

Section 701A.1 is amended to read:

701A.1 Scope. This Chapter applies to building materials, systems and/or assemblies used in the exterior design and construction of new buildings located within a Wildland-Urban Interface Fire Area as defined in Section 702A or adjacent to open space or undeveloped land.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.160 Section 702A, Chapter 7A, Definitions—Amended.

Section 702A is amended to add the following definitions:

Adjacent to Open Space. Shall mean commercial parcels and residential lots which have a point of contact with open space.

Adjacent to Undeveloped Land. Shall mean commercial parcels and residential lots which have a point of contact with Undeveloped Land.

Open Space. For the purpose of this Chapter, Open Space shall mean those lands set aside to remain permanently undeveloped.

Undeveloped Land. For the purpose of this Chapter, Undeveloped Land shall mean land which is available for development but no Tentative Map, Master Tentative Map or Development Agreement has been approved, and any land designated for government use for which no development plan has been approved.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.170 Sections 903.2.4.1, 903.2.9.1, 903.2.9.2, 903.2.10, 903.2.10.1—Deleted; Sections 903.2.1.1 #1, 903.2.1.2 #1, 903.2.1.3 #1, 903.2.1.4 #1, 903.2.3 #1, 903.2.4, 903.2.7 #1, 903.2.9, 903.2.11.3—Amended; and Sections 903.2.2.1 and 903.2.20—Added.

Sections 903.2.4.1, 903.2.9.1, 903.2.9.2, 903.2.10 and 903.2.10.1 are deleted, Sections 903.2.1.1 #1, 903.2.1.2 #1, 903.2.1.3 #1, 903.2.1.4 #1, 903.2.3 #1, 903.2.4, 903.2.7 #1, 903.2.9, and 903.2.11.3 are amended to read as follows, and Sections 903.2.2.1 and 903.2.20 are added to read as follows:

903.2.1.1 Group A-1 Occupancies.

1. Where the floor area exceeds 3,000 square feet (279 m2).

903.2.1.2 Group A-2 Occupancies.

1. Where the floor area exceeds 3,000 square feet (279 m2).

903.2.1.3 Group A-3 Occupancies.

1. Where the floor area exceeds 3,000 square feet (279 m2).

903.2.1.4 Group A-4 Occupancies.

1. Where the floor area exceeds 3,000 square feet (279 m2).

903.2.2.1 Group B Occupancies.

An automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be installed in Group B occupancies where the floor area exceeds 3,000 square feet (279 m2).

903.2.3 Group E Occupancies.

1. An automatic fire-extinguishing system shall be in Group E occupancies where the floor area exceeds 3,000 square feet (279 m2).

903.2.4 Group F Occupancies.

An automatic fire sprinkler system shall be installed in all Group F occupancies where the floor area exceeds 2,500 square feet (232 m2).

(Section 903.2.4.1 is deleted)

903.2.7 Group M Occupancies.

1. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in Group M occupancies where the floor area exceeds 2,500 square feet (232 m2).

903.2.9 Group S Occupancies.

An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in all Group S occupancies as follows:

1. Where the floor area exceeds 2,500 square feet (232 m2);

2. Buildings with repair garages servicing vehicles parked in basements.

(Sections 903.2.9.1, 903.2.9.2, 903.2.10, 903.2.10.1 are Deleted)

903.2.11.3 Buildings Three or More Stories in Height.

An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in all occupancies, regardless of type of construction, if the building is three or more stories or more than 35 feet in height measured from the pad grade level to the highest point of the building. An automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in all other occupancies as may be required by the 2016 California Building Code.

903.2.20 All Occupancies.

Automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed in all occupancies located more than 1 1/2 miles from a fire station providing fire protection to that location. Said distance shall be measured in a straight line.

Buildings containing portions which are required to have an automatic fire extinguishing system because of the number of stories shall have the automatic fire extinguishing system installed throughout and fire walls as set forth in Section 706 shall not be considered as creating separate buildings for the purpose of this section.

Whenever an addition is made to an existing building automatic fire-extinguishing systems shall be installed if the existing building plus the addition exceeds the area or height limitations set forth in this section. Whenever the use of an existing building or portion thereof is changed in any manner so as to require the installation of an automatic fire-extinguishing system, said system shall be installed in that portion of the building housing the new use.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.180 Section 1505.1, Chapter 15, Fire Classification—Amended.

Section 1505.1 is amended to read:

1505.1 Roof Assemblies shall be divided into the classes defined below. Class A, B, and C roof assemblies and roof coverings required to be listed by this section shall be tested in accordance with ASTM E 108 or UL 790. In addition, fire-retardant-treated wood roof coverings shall be tested in accordance with ASTM D 2898. The minimum roof coverings installed on buildings shall comply with the following:

1. Map of Fire Safe Roof Areas. Figure 15-1* is a map of Fire Safe Roof areas. Said map may be amended from time to time by including areas which are annexed to the City within one of the two roofing areas. Said amendments may be made by the Building Official after consultation, with the Chief of the Fire Department having jurisdiction.

2. Roofing Area 1. Any new roof and any alteration, repair or replacement for buildings housing R & U-1 occupancies in Roofing Area 1 shall use roof covering material that conforms to Class B or better or shall be made of concrete, ferrous or copper metal, clay, slate or similar non-combustible material.

3. Roofing Area 2. Any new roof for buildings using roof covering material that conforms to Class C or better or shall be made of concrete, ferrous or copper metal, clay, slate or similar non-combustible material.

4. Other Occupancies. Any new roof covering and any alterations, repairs or replacement of roof covering material for buildings housing all other occupancies shall conform to the requirements as set forth in Roofing Area 1.

* Editor’s Note: Figure 15-1 is on file in the office of the City Clerk.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.190 Table 1607.1, Chapter 16, Uniform and concentrated live loads—Amended.

Table 1607.1 is amended by adding a new Footnote O to read:

O. Bridges for vehicular traffic shall be designed for H20 loading as designated by the American Association of State Highway Officials.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.200 Section 1705.3, Exception 1, Chapter 17, Concrete Construction—Amended.

Section 1705.3 Exception 1 is amended to read:

1. Isolated spread concrete footings of buildings three stories or less above grade plane that are fully supported on earth or rock, where the structural design of the footing is based on a specified compressive strength, f’c, no greater than 2,500 pound per square inch (psi) (17.2 Mpa).

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.210 Section 1905.1.7, Chapter 19, ACI 318, Section 14.1.4—Amended.

Section 1905.1.7, delete ACI 318, Section 14.1.4 and replace with the following:

14.1.4—Plain concrete in structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F.

14.1.4.1—Structures assigned to Seismic Design Category C, D, E or F shall not have elements of structural plain concrete, except as follows:

(a) Isolated footings of plain concrete supporting pedestals or columns are permitted, provided the projection of the footing beyond the face of the supported member does not exceed the footing thickness.

Exception: In detached one- and two-family dwelling three stories or less in height, the projection of the footing beyond the face of the supported member is permitted to exceed the footing thickness.

(b) Plain concrete footing supporting walls are permitted, provided the footings have at least two continuous longitudinal reinforcing bars. Bars shall not be smaller than No. 4 and shall have a total area of not less than 0.002 times the gross cross-sectional area of the footing. A minimum of one bar shall be provided at the top and bottom of the footing. Continuity of reinforcement shall be provided at corners and intersections.

Exception: In detached one- and two-family dwellings three stories or less in height and constructed with stud bearing walls, plain concrete footings with at least two continuous longitudinal reinforcing bars not smaller than No. 4 are permitted to have a total area of less than 0.002 times the gross cross-sectional area of the footing.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.220 Section 2304.12.2.5, Chapter 23, Supporting members for permeable floors and roofs—Amended.

Section 2304.12.2.5, is amended to read:

2304.12.2.5 Supporting members for permeable floors and roofs. Wood structural members that support moisture-permeable floors or roofs that are exposed to the weather, such as concrete or masonry slabs, shall be of naturally durable or preservative-treated wood unless separated from such floors or roofs by an impervious moisture barrier. The impervious moisture barrier system protecting the structure supporting floors shall provide positive drainage of water that infiltrates the moisture-permeable floor topping.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.230 Table 2308.6.1, Chapter 23, Wall Bracing Requirements—Amended.

Table 2308.6.1 is amended by adding new footnotes “f” and “g” to read:

f. Method GB does not apply in Seismic Design Category D and E.

g. Method PCP in Seismic Design Category D and E is limited to single story U occupancies.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.240 Section 2308.6.9, Attachment of Sheathing—Amended.

Section 2308.6.9 is amended by adding a second paragraph:

All braced wall panels shall extend to the roof sheathing and shall be attached to parallel roof rafters or blocking above with framing clips (18 gauge minimum) spaced at maximum 24 inches (6096 mm) on center with four 8d nails per leg (total eight 8d nails per clip). Braced wall panels shall be laterally braced at each top corner and at maximum 24 inches (6096 mm) intervals along the top plate of discontinuous vertical framing.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.250 Section 3115.1, Chapter 31, Prohibited Installations—Added.

A new Section 3115.1 is added to read:

3115.1 Prohibited Installations. It shall be unlawful to install a wood burning fireplace or appliance that is not one     of the following:

1) Pellet-fueled wood heater,

2) EPA certified wood heater,

3) Fireplace certified by EPA.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.260 Section 3203, Chapter 32, Signs—Added.

A new Section 3203 is added to read:

Section 3203 Signs. Signs when placed flat against the wall of a building shall not project beyond the front property line more than 12 inches (305 mm).

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.270 Section H101.2, Signs exempt from permits—Deleted.

Section H101.2 is deleted. (Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))

7.32.280 Section 1010, Appendix Chapter 10, Building security—Added.

Appendix Chapter 10 is added to read:

Section 1010 building security shall be in accordance with the Uniform Building Security Code in addition to the following:

*Editor’s Note: See Chapter 7.34 Residential Code for single-family or townhouse requirements.

(A) Addressing. All buildings shall be addressed as follows:

(1) Walkways serving more than 5 individual units where the front entrance is not parallel to the street and driveways servicing more than 5 individual dwelling units shall have minimum of 4 inch high identification numbers, noting the range of unit numbers placed at the entrance to each driveway at a height between 36 and 42 inches above grade. The address numbers shall be illuminated during the hours of darkness. The light source shall be provided with an uninterruptible AC power source or controlled only by a photoelectric device.

(2) There shall be positioned at each street entrance of a multi- family complex having more than one structure, an illuminated diagrammatic representation (map) of the complex that shows the location of the viewer and the unit designations within the complex. It shall be lighted during the hours of darkness utilizing a light source, which is constructed of weather and vandal resistant materials and provided with an uninterruptible AC power source or controlled by a photoelectric device. Nothing in this section shall preclude the requirement for circuit protection devices where applicable.

(3) If the building is adjacent to an alley, the number shall also be placed on or adjacent to the rear gate accessing the alley. Any building with vehicular access to the rear through a public or private alley shall display, in a clearly visible location, a highly reflective or illuminated address number a minimum of four (4) inches in height.

(4) Where more than 1 building is accessed by a common street entrance or there are multiple buildings on the same lot, each principal building shall display the number or letter assigned to that building on each corner of the building, as determined by the Building Official. These numbers shall be made visible during the hours of darkness. The street name may also be required when there is a secondary street frontage.

(5) Addressing shall not be obstructed by architectural structures such as trellises, arbors, balconies, light fixtures and or landscaping.

(6) In Commercial Day Care or Education facilities, all interior and exterior doors shall be provided with a room number on the door. A map of the facilities detailing location of all rooms and their uses shall be kept on file at the facilities on-site office.

(B) Exterior Openings. Exterior opening shall be as follows:

(1) Swinging exterior wood and steel doors shall be equipped as follows:

(a) A single or double door shall be equipped with a double or single cylinder deadbolt. The bolt shall have a minimum projection of one (1) inch and be constructed so as to repel cutting tool attack. The deadbolt shall have an embedment of at least three-fourths (3/4) inch into the strike receiving the projected bolt. The cylinder shall have a cylinder guard, a minimum of five pin tumblers and shall be connected to the inner portion of the lock by connecting screws of at least one-fourth (1/4) inch in diameter. The provisions of this paragraph do not apply where: (a) panic hardware is required, (b) conflicts with emergency egress requirements of the building and fire codes or (c) an equivalent device is approved by the authority having jurisdiction.

(b) Doorstop on a wooden jamb for an in-swing door shall be of one-piece construction with the jamb joined by a rabbet.

(c) For the purpose of this section, doors leading from garage areas into a dwelling are exterior doors.

(2) Double doors shall be equipped as follows:

(a) The inactive leaf of double door(s) shall be equipped with metal flush bolts have a minimum embedment of five-eighths (5/8) inch into the head and threshold of the doorframe.

(b) Double doors shall have an astragal constructed of steel a minimum of .125 inch thick, which will cover the opening between the doors. The astragal shall be a minimum of two (2) inches wide and extend a minimum of one (1) inch beyond the edge of the door to which it is attached. The astragal shall be attached to the outside of the active door by means of welding or with non-removable bolts spaced apart on not more than ten (10) inch centers. (The door to which such an astragal is attached must be determined by the fire safety codes adopted by the enforcing authority.)

(3) Aluminum frame swinging doors shall be equipped as follows:

(a) The jamb on all aluminum frame-swinging doors shall be so constructed or protected to withstand 1,600 pounds of pressure in both a vertical distance of three (3) inches and a horizontal distance of one (1) inch each side of the strike, to prevent violation of the strike.

(b) A single or double door shall be equipped with a double cylinder deadbolt with a bolt projection exceeding one (1) inch, or a hook shaped or expanding dog bolt that engages the strike sufficiently to prevent spreading. The deadbolt lock shall have a minimum of five pin tumblers and a cylinder guard.

(4) Panic hardware, whenever required by the California Building Code or Title 19, California Administration Code, shall be installed as follows:

(a) Panic hardware shall contain a minimum of two (2) locking points on each door; or

(b) On single doors, panic hardware may have one locking point, which is not to be located at either the top or bottom frame. The door shall have an astragal constructed of steel .125 inch thick, which shall be attached with non-removable pins to the outside of the door. The astragal shall extend a minimum of six (6) inches vertically above and below the latch of the panic hardware. The astragal shall be a minimum of two (2) inches wide and extend a minimum of one (1) inch beyond the edge of the door to which it is attached.

(c) Double doors containing panic hardware shall have an astragal attached to the doors at their meeting point, which will close the opening between them, but not interfere with the operation of either door. (The astragal shall not interfere with the safe operation of emergency egress).

(5) Horizontal or Sliding Doors shall be installed as follows:

(a) In commercial occupancies, horizontal sliding doors shall be equipped with a metal guide track at top and bottom and a cylinder lock and/or padlock with a hardened steel shackle which locks at both heel and toe, and a minimum five pin tumbler operation with non-removable key when in an unlocked position. The bottom track shall be so designed that the door cannot be lifted from the track when the door is in a locked position.

(b) In residential occupancies, locks shall be provided on all sliding patio doors. The lock bolt on all glass patio doors shall engage the strike sufficiently to prevent its being disengaged by any possible movement of the door within the space or clearance provided for installation and operation. The strike area shall be of material adequate to maintain effectiveness of bolt strength.

(c) Sliding patio glass doors opening onto patios or balconies which are less than one story above grade or are otherwise accessible from the outside shall have the moveable section of the door sliding on the inside of the fixed portion of the door or possess an approved secondary lock mounted on interior of moveable section.

(6) In office buildings (multiple occupancy), all entrance doors to individual office suites shall meet the construction and locking requirements for exterior doors.

(7) In commercial occupancies, windows shall be deemed accessible if less than twelve (12) feet above the ground. Accessible windows having a pane exceeding ninety-six (96) square inches in an area with the smallest dimension exceeding six (6) inches and not visible from a public or private thoroughfare shall be protected with burglary resistant glazing or other approved methods as determined by the Building Official.

(8) Side or rear windows of the type that can be opened shall, where applicable, be secured on the inside with either a slide bar, bolt, crossbar, auxiliary locking device, and/or padlock with a hardened steel shackle, a minimum four pin tumbler operation.

(9) Protective bars or grills shall not interfere with the operation of opening windows if such windows are required to be operable by the California Building Code.

(10) All exterior transoms exceeding ninety-six (96) square inches on the side and rear of any building or premises used for business purposes shall be protected with burglary resistant glazing or other approved methods as determined by the Building Official.

(11) Roof openings shall be equipped as follows:

(a) All skylights on the roof of any building or premises used by business purposes shall be provided with:

(1) Rated burglary resistant glazing; or

(2) Iron bars of at least one-half (1/2) inch round or one by one-fourth (1 x 1/4) inch flat steel material under the skylight and securely fastened; or

(3) Steel grills of at least one-eighth (1/8) inch material with a maximum two (2) inches mesh under the skylight and securely fastened.

(4) A monitored intrusion alarm system. The system shall be kept operable at all times. The Chief of Police may require periodic testing of the alarm system to verify proper operation.

(b) All hatchway openings on the roof of any building or premises used for business purposes shall be secured as follows:

(1) If the hatchway is of wooden material, it shall be covered on the inside with at least sixteen (16) U. S. gauge sheet metal, or its equivalent, attached with screws.

(2) The hatchway shall be secured from the inside with a slide bar or slide bolts. (Fire Department approval may be desired.)

(3) Outside hinges on all hatchway openings shall be provided with nonremovable pins when using pin-type hinges.

(c) All air duct or air vent openings exceeding ninety-six (96) square inches on the roof or exterior walls of any building or premises used for business purposes shall be secured by covering the same with either of the following:

(1) Iron bars of at least one-half (1/2) inch round or one by one-fourth (1 x 1/4) inch flat steel material spaced no more than five (5) inches apart and securely fastened; or

(2) Iron or steel grills of at least one-eighth (1/8) inch material with a maximum two (2) inch mesh and securely fastened.

(3) If the barrier is on the outside, it shall be secured with bolts which are non-removable from the exterior.

(4) The above must not interfere with venting requirements creating a potentially hazardous condition to health and safety or conflict with the provisions of the California Building Code or Title 19, California Administrative Code.

(12) Exterior roof ladders shall not be permitted.

(13) Exterior electrical or phone panels are not permitted in commercial occupancies.

(14) Separation walls for individual commercial tenant spaces housed within a common structure shall be solid and continuous from the structure’s foundation to roof or floor/ceiling assembly.

(15) Intrusion Devices.

(a) If the enforcing authority determines that the security measures and locking devices described in this Chapter do not adequately secure the building, due to special conditions, he/she may require the installation and maintenance of an intrusion device (burglar alarm system).

(C) Landscaping.

(1) Shrubs and ground cover shall not directly cover windows and doorways.

(2) River rock used near parking lots or buildings shall be permanently affixed.

(3) Open space and buildings shall be arranged to afford visibility and opportunity for surveillance by on-site users and passers-by.

(4) Barriers, both real and symbolic, shall be designed to afford opportunities for surveillance through the barrier.

(5) For residential development, backyard gates shall be the full height of the wall or fence adjacent and capable of being locked.

(6) For residential development, walls or fences, if installed, shall be a minimum of 6 feet in height when adjacent to any of the following:

Reverse frontage

Retention/detention areas

Parks

Commercial areas

Industrial areas

Bike paths

(D) Lighting. Lighting of buildings or complexes shall at a minimum be illuminated as follows:

(1) A site plan shall be provided showing buildings, parking areas, walkways, detailed landscaping and a point by point photometric calculation of the required light levels.

(2) All exterior entrances shall be illuminated with a uniformly maintained minimum level of one foot candle of light between ground level and 6 vertical feet within a minimum radius of 15 feet from the center of the entrance between sunset and sunrise.

(3) Postal Service “gang boxes” (group postal boxes) shall be illuminated with a uniformly maintained minimum level of one foot candle of light.

(4) Lighting of all exterior areas shall be designed to maximize surveillance and reduce conflicts with building design, mature landscaping, and to minimize glare.

(5) Open stairways shall be illuminated with a minimum maintained five-tenths (0.5) foot-candle of light in all landings and stair treads between sunset and sunrise. Enclosed stairways and enclosed common corridors shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained one-foot candle of light on all landings and stair treads.

(6) Private streets, alleys, and emergency access roads shall be illuminated using the same standards as established for public thoroughfares.

(7) Aisles, passageways, pedestrian walkways and recessed areas related to and within a building, a building complex, or providing access to a building or building complex from a parking lot or right of way shall be illuminated with a minimum uniformly maintained minimum level of one foot candle of light between ground level and six vertical feet between sunset and sunrise or other methods approved by the Building Official.

(8) Open parking lot and/or carport and refuse areas shall be provided with and maintained to a minimum of one foot-candle of light on the parking surface. The Building Official may approve a lower light level, if it can be demonstrated that the lower level provides for sufficient security lighting.

(9) Covered parking lots or covered portions of parking lots shall be illuminated with a uniformly maintained minimum level of one-foot candle of light between ground level and 6 vertical feet between sunset and sunrise. Lighting shall be designed so that architectural or structural features do not obstruct the minimum light coverage.

(10) Parking structures or enclosed or partially enclosed parking lots shall be illuminated with a uniformly maintained minimum level of two foot candles of light between ground level and 6 vertical feet between sunrise and sunset (daylight hours).

(11) Lighting fixtures shall be so arranged as to illuminate light uniformly over the parking surface and be tamper resistant.

(12) Public rest rooms, rooms identified for the general public and children’s recreation areas shall be provided with emergency lighting meeting section 1006 of this Code.

All light sources required by this section shall be: (a) controlled by a photocell device or a time clock that will turn the lights on at dusk and off at dawn and (b) protected by weather and vandal resistant covers.

(E) Garage Type (Vehicle) Doors. Garage-type doors, which are either rolling overhead, solid overhead, swinging, sliding, or accordion style doors shall conform to the following standards:

(1) Wood doors shall have panels a minimum of five-sixteenths (5/16) inch in thickness with the locking hardware being attached to the support framing.

(2) Aluminum doors shall be a minimum thickness of .0215 inches and riveted together a minimum of 18 inches on center along the outside seams. There shall be a full width horizontal beam attached to the main door structure which shall meet the pilot, or pedestrian access, door framing within 3 inches of the strike area of the pilot or pedestrian access door.

(3) Fiberglass doors shall have panels a minimum density of 6 ounces per square foot from the bottom of the door to a height of 7 feet. Panels above 7 feet and panels in residential structures shall have a density not less than 5 ounces per square foot.

(4) Doors utilizing a cylinder lock shall have a lock receiving point at each outer edge of the door; or, if the door does not exceed 19 feet, a single bolt may be used if placed in the center of the door with the locking point located either at the floor or door frame header.

(5) Doors with slide bolt assemblies shall have frames a minimum of .120 inches of thickness, with a minimum bolt diameter of one half (1/2) inch and protrude at least one and one half (1 1/2) inches into the receiving guide. A bolt diameter of three-eighths (3/8) inch may be used in a residential building. The slide bolt shall be attached to the door with non-removable bolts from the outside. Rivets shall not be used to attach slide bolt assemblies.

(6) Padlocks used with exterior mounted slide bolts shall have a hardened steel shackle locking at both heel and toe and a minimum five pin tumbler operation with nonremovable key when in an unlocked position. Padlocks used with interior mounted slide bolts shall have a hardened steel shackle with a minimum 4-pin tumbler operation.

(F) Emergency Access.

(1) Private roads and parking areas or structures controlled by unmanned mechanical parking type gates shall provide for emergency access as follows:

Radio frequency access or by providing the gate access code for distribution to emergency responders. When an access code is to be utilized, an illuminated control box is to be mounted on a control pedestal consisting of a metal post/pipe, which shall be installed at a height of 42 inches and a minimum of 15 feet (4.6m) from the entry/exit gate. It shall be located on the driver’s side of the road or driveway and accessible in such a manner as to not require a person to exit their vehicle to reach it, nor to drive on the wrong side of the road or driveway, nor to require any back-up movements in order to enter/exit the gate.

(2) Non-residential multi-tenant buildings utilizing electronic access control systems on the main entry doors, and enclosed retail shopping centers shall be provided with a means to allow for police emergency access:

(3) Pedestrian gates/doors using an electromagnetic type lock shall install a key switch within a telephone/intercom console or in a control housing, or other method approved by the Building Official that will provide for police emergency access. Options include radio frequency access or providing the gate access code for distribution to emergency responders.

(4) All lockable pedestrian gates to residential recreation areas serving 6 or more dwelling units, and gates or doors to common walkways or hallways of residential complexes where there are 4 or more dwelling units within the complex, shall provide for police emergency access utilizing an approved key switch device or approved Knox box. The Knox box shall be installed adjacent to each gate/door, securely attaching it to a fence or wall or location approved by the Building Official.

(5) Pedestrian gate doors utilizing mechanical locks shall install a Knox box adjacent to each gate/door, securely attaching it to a fence or wall.

(G) Keying requirements.

Upon occupancy by the owner or proprietor, each single unit in a tract or commercial development, constructed under the same site development review, shall have locks using combinations that are interchange free from locks used in all other separate dwellings, proprietorships, or similar distinct occupancies.

(H) Laundry rooms or areas: Common area laundry rooms in multi-family complexes shall be designed and protected as follows:

(1) Entry doors shall have:

(a) A minimum six hundred (600) square inch clear vision panel in the upper half of the door, consisting of 1/4" tempered glass;

(b) Automatic, hydraulic door closures;

(c) Self-locking door locks equipped with a deadlocking latch allowing exiting by a single motion and openable from the inside without the use of a key or any special knowledge or effort;

(d) Non-removable hinge pins for out-swinging doors to preclude removal of the door from the exterior by removing the hinge pins; and

(e) A latch protector consisting of minimum 0.125-inch-thick steel attached to the door’s exterior by non-removable bolts from the exterior. It shall be two (2) inches wide and extend a minimum of five inches above and below the strike opening and extend a minimum of one (1) inch beyond the edge of the door. It shall have a metal anti-spread pin a minimum of one-half (1/2) inch in length.

(2) The laundry room shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained one-foot candle of light at floor level, using a non-interruptible power source. There shall be no light switches inside the room that control light fixtures used to meet this lighting requirement.

(3) Any portion of an openable window which is within eight (8) feet vertically or six (6) feet horizontally from any accessible surface or any adjoining roof, balcony, landing, stair tread, platform, or similar surface, or any climbable pole or tree, or any surface providing a foothold, shall be secured as required by section 1018 Uniform Building Security Code.

(4) The interior of laundry rooms shall be visible from the exterior along common walking or driving surfaces. Perimeter windows and interior mirrors may be utilized to meet this requirement. Laundry rooms are to be located in high activity areas with natural surveillance opportunities and not in remote or isolated locations.

(I) Elevators.

Elevators shall be designed as follows:

Elevator cabs, the interiors of which are not completely visible when the door is open from a point centered on the 36 inches away from the door shall have shatter resistant mirrors or other equally reflective material so placed as to make visible the entire elevator cab from this point. The elevator cab shall be illuminated at all times with a minimum maintained 2 foot candles of light at floor level.

(J) Stairways.

Except for private stairways, Stairways shall be designed as follows:

(1) Interior doors shall have glazing panels a minimum of 5 inches wide and 20 inches in height and meet requirements of the California Building Code.

(2) Areas beneath stairways at or below ground level shall be fully enclosed or access to them restricted.

(3) Enclosed stairways shall have shatter resistant mirrors or other equally reflective material at each level and landing and be designed or placed in such manner as to provide visibility around corners.

(K) Parking structures.

(1) Parking structures shall be designed to restrict unauthorized access.

(2) Outside stairwells shall be open and not obstructed from view.

(3) Security telephones with monitoring capability shall be located on every level adjacent to pedestrian ingress/egress points. If pedestrian ingress/egress points are more than 200 feet but less than 300 feet apart, additional security telephones shall be located at the midpoint between pedestrian ingress/egress points. If pedestrian ingress/egress points are more than 300 feet apart, security telephones will be located at 100 foot intervals. Security telephones shall be visible from all vehicular and pedestrian ingress/egress points and identified with appropriate signage.

(4) Blind corners shall be provided with shatterproof convex mirrors to improve visibility for both operators of vehicles and pedestrians.

(5) Doors shall be labeled with signage meeting the requirements of section 501.2.

(6) Parking structures shall have the ceiling area of each floor or tier painted and maintained white or other reflective color approved by the Building Official.

(L) Other requirements.

(1) Storage Areas. Exterior storage area attached to a dwelling, apartment or condominium and enclosed by a door shall comply with this section or have a minimum 3/8" diameter hardened padlock hasp.

(2) Side Gates. Side gates shall be the full height of the adjacent fence or wall and be capable of being locked. Side gates shall be secured with a slide bolt mounted on the inside of the gate. The slide bolt shall have a bolt diameter of three-eighths (3/8) inch and protrude at least one and one-half (1 1/2) inches into the receiving guide. The slide bolt shall be attached to the gate with non-removable bolts. Rivets shall not be used to attach slide bolt assemblies. The slide bolt shall be mounted at a height that is not accessible by reaching over the gate.

(Ord. 12-16 § 4 (Exh. C) (part))