Chapter 30.90
SPACE ALLOCATION AND ENCLOSURE DESIGN GUIDELINES

FOR TRASH AND RECYCLING

Sections:

30.90.010    Purpose.

30.90.020    Integrated waste management plan.

30.90.030    Waste storage, enclosure design and location.

30.90.040    Determining waste volume and sizing containers.

30.90.050    Commercial locations – Enclosures for front-end loading containers.

30.90.060    Pads and access areas.

30.90.070    Container dimensions.

30.90.080    Roll-off containers (debris boxes).

30.90.090    Compacting units.

30.90.010 Purpose.

A. The City-established space allocation and enclosure design guidelines for trash and recycling, as may be amended by the City Manager or designee, which is a document that provides recycling and waste collection requirements for all developments Citywide. Integrated collection areas with recycling components assist in the reduction of waste materials. The written document provides information and resources for designing trash and recycling sites that will be used by building occupants in new developments or significant remodels. New commercial and multifamily developments of five (5) units or more, and improvements that add thirty (30%) percent or more to the existing floor area, shall include adequate, accessible, and convenient areas for collecting and loading recyclable material.

B. The space allocation and enclosure design guidelines for trash and recycling document includes charts containing the following information:

1. Height, width and length of residential carts serviced by the franchised residential hauler.

2. Dimensions (height, width and length) of typical enclosures required for front-load bin containers.

3. Dimensions of typical front-load bins.

4. Container dimensions for lowboys or highside containers.

5. Clearance distances for front-end loading vehicles regarding vertical, lateral and turning radius requirements.

6. Clearance for roll-off containers and vehicles regarding vertical, lateral and service area length minimums.

7. Minimum space allocation requirements for containers based on the land use and the intended use of the space.

C. If the standards in this chapter conflict with the City’s Zoning Code, the Zoning Code shall prevail. [Ord. 32-2017 §7, eff. 2-9-2018; Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.020 Integrated waste management plan.

Each applicant for a land use permit is required to develop and submit an integrated waste management plan as part of the permit process. The plan shall demonstrate those steps the applicant will take to meet the State mandate to reduce or divert sixty-five (65%) percent of the waste generated by all residences and businesses in the City. [Ord. 32-2017 §7, eff. 2-9-2018; Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.030 Waste storage, enclosure design and location.

A. Each integrated waste management plan shall include an estimate of the amount of capacity required, the location and placements of the containers, and a summary of the waste management services to be provided at the location.

B. Trash and recycling capacity should be equal in terms of volume (exceptions can be made on a case-by-case evaluation). They shall be located side-by-side in the enclosures or in the same central storage area. Changing proportions of trash and recycling in time can be accommodated by adjusting the frequency of collection.

C. For commercial, nonresidential, and multifamily properties, and single-family residential properties managed by an association or other organization, green waste bins shall be located away from trash and recycling to prevent contamination by the occupants. Since the green waste bins will only be used by the landscaper, they do not have to be as convenient as trash and recycling.

D. Indoor Collection. Collection containers for trash and recycling shall be located side-by-side. Adequate indoor space shall be allocated for recycling such that the location is next to trash in kitchens. When chutes are used, trash and recycling chutes shall be located side-by-side.

E. Multiple or Single Shared Waste Enclosure Design and Location(s). Trash enclosures containing cans, carts, or dumpsters are appropriate for locations where the occupants will be taking their own trash and recycling to the site and placing it in the shared containers themselves. Trash and recycling containers that are stored outdoors at a commercial, nonresidential, or multifamily property, or a single-family residential property managed by an association or other organization, shall be in enclosures or roll-off containers that are placed out of view of the general public. The enclosure site shall be owned, leased or rented by the building occupants. Commercial generators do not have the right to place waste in the public right-of-way, parking lots, or on private property.

F. Commercial generators that will use dumpsters shall design the enclosure, at a minimum, for three (3 yd) yard containers. The tenants may choose any dumpster size they need, but the enclosure shall be able to accommodate different tenants with varying waste production.

G. In residential complexes, enclosures shall have a pedestrian gate or walk-through that does not necessitate the opening of large gates used for servicing containers, or a walk-through wide enough to accommodate Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requirements. If a gate is used, seniors, children and people with disabilities shall be able to open the gates. For senior complexes where residents take out their own trash, the maximum dumpster size shall not exceed two (2 yd3) cubic yards, and shall be within an enclosure. Larger dumpsters are more space-efficient, but require users to lift bags above shoulder height with one (1) hand while lifting the lid with the other hand. This may be difficult or impossible for seniors or disabled people.

H. Commercial waste enclosures shall be a maximum distance of two hundred fifty (250' 0") feet from the nearest point of the building serviced. For senior residential complexes where occupants empty their own trash and recycling, a maximum distance of one hundred fifty (150' 0") feet shall be permitted. The path of travel from building to dumpster shall be free of stairs, textured surfacing, and other impediments. [Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.040 Determining waste volume and sizing containers.

A. Builders shall use the space allocation and enclosure design guidelines for trash and recycling or consult with Integrated Waste (IW) to determine the amount of waste capacity needed. Sufficient space shall be provided to meet all trash and recycling requirements of this chapter including space as needed for refuse, recyclables, and organic waste.

B. All new buildings and remodeled buildings shall adequately provide outdoor trash and recycling storage. Interior alteration permits that result in a change to a more intensive use shall not be approved unless adequate new outdoor trash and recycling storage is provided on site. [Ord. 32-2017 §7, eff. 2-9-2018; Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.050 Commercial locations – Enclosures for front-end loading containers.

A. Enclosures shall be designed with greater than fifty (50%) percent of space designated for recycling. This shall be achieved with three (3) bins, one (1) for recycling, one (1) for organics and one (1) for trash.

B. The containers shall be located within an enclosed masonry area consistent with the architecture of the project with a surrounding wall at least five (5' 0") feet high and not higher than eight (8' 0") feet. All enclosures shall be designed consistent with the following:

1. Enclosures shall be built of noncombustible materials (wood is not permitted);

2. Materials/finishes shall relate to, and be of same quality as, materials used on the building;

3. Landscaping and screening shall be included to help visually buffer loading areas and enclosures; and

4. A pedestrian access, separate from the primary service access, is recommended.

C. Enclosures shall be located twenty-five (25' 0") feet from any public street, fifteen (15' 0") feet from the edge of pavement of a private street and, in commercial areas, twenty-five (25' 0") feet from any residential zoned property line.

D. Dimensions will vary based on projected usage but shall be consistent with height, width and length dimensions for standard equipment listed in the space allocation and enclosure design guidelines for trash and recycling available from IW. If multiple containers go in one (1) enclosure, a minimum thirty (30") inch separation shall be provided between containers.

E. Gates should be two (2") inches off the ground and hung on the outside so that, when open, gates are out of the bin’s way. Gates shall be able to open more than ninety (90°) degrees and shall be equipped to prevent accidental swinging, which can result in injury to persons or equipment.

F. Hardware shall be of sufficient strength to accommodate repetitive swinging, and so that individuals with gloves should be able to open them.

G. Lid ears and bin pockets will rub enclosure walls. Bin may also roll against the back of the enclosure during service. Wood or metal bumpers or interior curbs shall be provided to extend enclosure life. Bolts or screws shall be inset on bumpers to avoid injury to collector or user.

H. Container shall be on a flat, level surface in the enclosure and in position for the driver to dump the container. Asphalt or dirt floor in the enclosure may not hold up under the heavy weight of a loaded bin. Concrete is required. [Ord. 32-2017 §7, eff. 2-9-2018; Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.060 Pads and access areas.

A. Trash and recycling enclosures shall be sited to ensure that the maximum roll-out by collector does not exceed twenty-five (25' 0") feet from enclosure to truck.

B. Roll-out area shall be level and free of dips and bumps.

C. Front-end loading trucks may weigh up to thirty (30) tons when loaded. All access surfaces shall be engineered accordingly to avoid future pavement damage. Concrete surfacing is required in all access and service areas.

D. Trash and recycling enclosures shall be sited to ensure that overhead obstructions do not impede the hauler from gaining access to the site.

E. Storm drain grills shall not be placed in the driving path of the truck.

F. Trash and recycling enclosures shall be sited with a turnaround or separate exit that allows the truck to move forward rather than backward.

G. Trash and recycling enclosures shall be sited to accommodate parked cars and/or delivery trucks, and to consider similar accessibility issues. [Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.070 Container dimensions.

A. Trash and recycling containers shall be consistent with the dimensions listed in the space allocation and enclosure design guidelines for trash and recycling. Height is measured with the lid closed. Most enclosures are built only to a height of about eight to ten (8" – 10") inches higher than the dumpster, since the lid shall remain closed at all times except when the container is being loaded or unloaded. When lid is raised, the full height from the ground to the top of the lid may extend to one hundred forty (140") inches.

B. Twenty-five (25' 0") foot clearance of overhead obstruction shall be required where the vehicle will lift and empty the container.

C. All projects shall provide clearance for front-end loading vehicles, as defined in the space allocation and enclosure design guidelines for trash and recycling. [Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.080 Roll-off containers (debris boxes).

A. Enclosures are not required for roll-off containers (debris boxes) so long as the boxes cannot be viewed by the general public and cannot be seen from public streets. This type of container is most frequently used at construction sites, but it also is designed for very high volume users. Container placement:

1. Roll-off containers may be placed directly behind a building where space is available at a loading dock to allow loading from above.

2. Container should be on a level surface. If placed on an incline, roll-away protection is required. Integrated Waste staff will provide an on-site inspection before the placement is final.

3. Loading docks shall be equipped with bumper pads or eight (8") inch high curbs to avoid undue dock damage from heavy containers.

4. Roll-off containers may be placed at a residence or business by an authorized commercial hauler for a maximum of seven (7) days without a building permit, or nonresidential customers may subscribe to permanent roll-off container service provided such use complies with the Zoning Code, has been approved pursuant to EGMC Section 23.16.020, and the roll-off container is serviced, at a minimum, every fourteen (14) days. For nonresidential customers who possess a valid building permit, the roll-off container shall be serviced, at a minimum, every fourteen (14) days.

B. All projects shall provide clearance for roll-off containers and vehicles, as defined in the space allocation and enclosure design guidelines for trash and recycling. [Ord. 1-2019 §6, eff. 2-22-2019; Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]

30.90.090 Compacting units.

Enclosures are not required for compactors unless the compactors are viewed by the general public. Compactors vary in size, and the manufacturer should provide capacity and dimensions. Contact the hauler in the planning stages and before installing compacting units. [Ord. 10-2010 §4, eff. 6-25-2010]