CHAPTER 2.
PENALTY PROVISIONS

Sections:

1-2.01    Violations Misdemeanors or Infractions

1-2.02    Prohibited Acts

1-2.03    Imposition of Penalties

1-2.04    Determination of Punishment

1-2.05    Place of Confinement

1-2.06    Fees, Charges, Licenses and Taxes Made a Civil Debt

1-2.07    Violations of Administrative Provisions

1-2.08    Public Nuisance

1-2.09    Continuing Violations

1-2.10    Alternate Civil Remedies

1-2.01 Violations Misdemeanors or Infractions.

(a)    Any person convicted of a misdemeanor under the provisions of this Code shall be punishable by a fine of one thousand dollars ($1,000.00), or by imprisonment in the County Jail for a period not exceeding six (6) months, or by both such fine and imprisonment. Each such person shall be guilty of a separate offense for each and every day during any portion of which any violation of any provision of this Code, or the provisions of any code adopted by reference by this Code, is committed, continued, maintained, or permitted by such person and shall be punishable accordingly.

(b)    Any person convicted of an infraction under the provisions of this Code shall be punishable for a first conviction by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars ($100.00), for a second conviction within a period of one (1) year by a fine of not more than two hundred dollars ($200.00), and for a third or any subsequent conviction within a period of one (1) year by a fine of not more than four hundred dollars ($400.00). After the third conviction, any repeat violation within one (1) year may be charged as a misdemeanor.

(c)    In addition to the penalties provided by this section, any condition caused, maintained, or permitted to exist in violation of any of the provisions of this Code, or the provisions of any Code adopted by reference by this Code, or any subdivision, building, wiring, plumbing or other similar activity in violation of the provisions of this Code shall be deemed a public nuisance and may be summarily abated by the City in a civil action, and each day such condition continues shall be a new and separate offense.

(d)    No person shall violate any provision or fail to comply with any of the requirements of this Code.

(e)    Any person violating any of the provisions or failing to comply with any of the mandatory requirements of this Code, except the provisions and requirements set forth in subsection (f) of this section, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, as designated by, and provided for, in Sections 16, 17, 19c, and 19d of the Penal Code of the State and as expressly specified in Section 4000 of the Vehicle Code of the State. The following provisions on any violation shall be deemed a misdemeanor:

Title

Chapter

Article

Section

4

2

Entire

 

 

4

Entire

 

 

7

 

.09 and .10

 

12

Entire

 

5

5

Entire

 

 

6

Entire

 

 

8

Entire

 

 

9

 

.03

 

12

Entire

 

 

14

 

.05

 

16

2

.220 and .221

 

25

Entire

 

 

28

Entire

 

6

1

1

1.107

 

2

 

.02 and .03

 

7

Entire

 

 

11

Entire

 

 

13

Entire

 

7

5

 

.13

8

15

Entire

 

 

21

 

.04 and .05

10

1

Entire

Except Secs. 22 and .23

(f)    Any person violating any of the following provisions or failing to comply with any of the following provisions of this Code shall be guilty of an infraction:

Title

Chapter

Article

Section

3

1

 

 

4

1, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11

Entire

 

 

7

 

Except Secs. .09 and .10

5

1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 11, 13, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 27, 29, 30, 34, 35, 36, 38

Entire

 

 

9

 

Except Sec. .03

 

14

 

Except Sec. .05

 

16

 

Except Secs. .220 and .221

6

1

1

Except Sec. 1.107

 

2

 

Except Secs. .02 and .03

 

3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14

Entire

 

7

2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10

Entire

 

 

5

 

Except Sec. .13

8

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11, 19

Entire

 

 

20

 

.02, .03, .04, .05, .06, .07, .08, .09, and .10

 

21

 

Except .04 and .05

 

26

 

.02, .03, .04 and .05

9

Entire

 

 

10

1

 

.22 and .23

10

2

Entire

 

(g)    The following officers and their subordinates designated in writing to the City Manager shall have and are hereby invested with the authority to cite and/or arrest any person who violates the provisions of this Code set forth in subsections (e) and (f) of this section:

TITLE OF OFFICERS

Fire Chief

Chief Building Official

City Engineer

Police Officers

Community Preservation Officer

Director of Planning and Building

(h)    The Council shall have the power to designate by written order that particular officers or employees shall be authorized to enforce the provisions of this Code set forth in this section in addition to those officers enumerated in subsection (g) of this section. Officers or employees so designated shall have the authority to cite and/or arrest persons who violate any of said provisions.

(i)    An officer or employee designated pursuant to subsection (g) or subsection (h) of this section shall be determinative of the enforcement powers of such officer or employee, notwithstanding a designation of a different officer or employee within the particular provision of this Code referred to in subsection (g) of this section.

(Sec. 1.7, E.T.C.; Ord. 81-04, eff. Nov. 19, 1981; Ord. 82-09, eff. June 1, 1982: Ord. 91-06 § 2, eff. Sept. 5, 1991; Ord. 94-011 §§ 2-4, eff. Sept. 4, 1994; Ord. 94-012 § 2, eff. Oct. 20, 1994; Ord. 95-003 § 2, eff. Mar. 9, 1995; Secs. 4, 5, 6, Ord. 99-011, eff. Nov. 6, 1999; Sec. 3, Ord. 02-010, eff. July 6, 2002; Secs. 3, 4, Ord. 03-006, eff. June 19, 2003; Sec. 2, Ord. 04-008, eff. July 15, 2004; Sec. 3, Ord. 06-001, eff. Mar. 9, 2006; Sec. 3, Ord. 06-005, eff. May 18, 2006; Sec. 4, Ord. 06-007, eff. Aug. 17, 2006: Sec. 3 (part), Ord. 06-021, eff. Mar. 1, 2007; Sec. 3, Ord. 07-004, eff. May 3, 2007; Sec. 3, Ord. 07-015, eff. Jan. 3, 2008; Sec. 3, Ord. 08-006, eff. Oct. 2, 2008; Sec. 3, Ord. 09-003, eff. July 16, 2009; Sec. 3, Ord. 09-004, eff. July 16, 2009; Sec. 3, Ord. 10-019, eff. Jan. 20, 2011; Sec. 4, Ord. 11-005, eff. June 2, 2011; Sec. 4, Ord. 11-011, eff. Nov. 17, 2011; Sec. 4, Ord. 12-001, eff. Feb. 16, 2012; Sec. 8, Ord. 12-003, eff. Mar. 8, 2012; Sec. 4, Ord. 12-005, eff. Mar. 8, 2012; Sec. 2, Ord. 14-001, eff. Mar. 6, 2014; Sec. 4, Ord. 15-005, eff. Aug. 20, 2015; Sec. 3, Ord. 15-007, eff. Oct. 1, 2015; Sec. 3, Ord. 17-011, eff. Nov. 2, 2017)

1-2.02 Prohibited Acts.

Whenever in this Code any act or omission is made unlawful, it shall include causing, permitting, aiding, abetting, suffering, maintaining, or concealing the fact of such act or omission.

(Amended by Ord. 81-04, eff. Nov. 19, 1981)

1-2.03 Imposition of Penalties.

The provisions of this Code which declare certain crimes to be punishable as therein mentioned devolve a duty upon the court authorized to pass sentence to determine and impose the punishment described.

1-2.04 Determination of Punishment.

Whenever in this Code the punishment for a crime is left undetermined between certain limits, the punishment to be inflicted in a particular case shall be determined by the court authorized to pass sentence, within such limits as may be prescribed by this Code.

1-2.05 Place of Confinement.

Every person found guilty of violating any of the provisions of this Code and sentenced to imprisonment shall be imprisoned in the County Jail.

1-2.06 Fees, Charges, Licenses and Taxes Made a Civil Debt.

The amount of any fee, service charge, utility charge, license, or tax of any nature whatsoever imposed by any provision of this Code shall be deemed a civil debt owing to the City. An action may be commenced in the name of the City in any court of competent jurisdiction for the collection of the amount of any such delinquent or unpaid fee, service charge, utility charge, license or tax, together with any penalties applicable thereto as prescribed by this Code. The remedy prescribed by this section shall be cumulative, and the use of an action to collect such an amount as a debt by civil action shall not bar the use of any other remedy provided by this Code or by law for the purpose of enforcing the provisions thereof.

1-2.07 Violations of Administrative Provisions.

The violation of any administrative provision of this Code by any officer or employee of the City may be deemed a failure to perform the duties or to observe the rules or regulations of the department, office, or board within the meaning of the rules and regulations of the City or of the civil service regulations of the City.

1-2.08 Public Nuisance.

In addition to other penalties provided by law, any condition caused or permitted to exist in violation of any provision of this Code shall be deemed a public nuisance and may be summarily abated as such by the City, and each day such condition continues shall constitute a new and separate offense.

(Sec. 2 (part), Ord. 16-005A, eff. Nov. 17, 2016)

1-2.09 Continuing Violations.

It shall constitute a new and separate offense for each and every day during any portion of which a violation of, or failure to comply with, any provision or requirement of this Code is committed, continued or permitted by any person and shall be punished accordingly.

(Sec. 2 (part), Ord. 16-005A, eff. Nov. 17, 2016)

1-2.10 Alternate Civil Remedies.

In addition to the penal provisions provided in this chapter, and completely separate therefrom and cumulative thereto, at the sole discretion of the City, the City may institute appropriate civil actions or proceedings in a court of competent jurisdiction for the abatement, removal and enjoinment of any condition or activity declared by this Code to be or found to be a public nuisance.

(Sec. 2 (part), Ord. 16-005A, eff. Nov. 17, 2016)