Chapter 18.50
INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS

Sections:

18.50.010    Purpose and establishment of industrial districts.

18.50.020    Rezoning of industrial districts.

18.50.030    Building and site standards.

18.50.040    Performance standards.

18.50.050    Development standards and requirements applicable to all industrial districts.

18.50.060    Adjustments for industrial developments formerly within a planned district.

18.50.070    Use of hazardous materials.

18.50.080    Reserved.

18.50.090    Uses in industrial districts.

18.50.010 Purpose and establishment of industrial districts.

The industrial districts are intended to accommodate a variety of high technology, life science, manufacturing, and logistics businesses. They house businesses that provide products and services to other businesses and local residents. The industrial districts are intended to provide locations for uses that generate employment, and may involve hazardous materials, noisy operations, heavy traffic, and odors that may present dangers or nuisances to nonindustrial uses, such as schools and residences. Industrial operations are vital to the local, regional, state and global economy, providing a wide range of employment for the region and revenues that support services for the community. Three industrial districts are established to provide for the diversity of industrial uses within the city including service industrial (I-S), tech industrial (I-T), and general industrial (I‑G). The character of each of the three industrial districts is distinguished by the uses and development allowed, providing optimum locations with respect to access and service areas, achieving compatibility of uses within each district, and minimizing adverse impacts to uses in adjacent districts. The specific purpose of each industrial district is described as follows:

(a)    I-S Service Industrial. The purpose of the I-S district is to provide locations for industrial uses which are generally oriented toward serving local businesses and residents and can operate in proximity to commercial and residential uses with a minimum of adverse effects. The purpose also includes prohibiting certain Group A, B, and C hazardous materials uses, and manufacturing and/or the storage of larger sizes/quantities of hazardous materials which may have off-site impacts. The I-S district may also include those commercial and service uses which are considered to be more appropriate in an industrial area.

(b)    I-T Tech Industrial. The purpose of the I-T district is to provide areas devoted to research and development activities, “clean and green” tech, and semi-conductor, computer hardware, software and related technological, administrative, sales, and engineering facilities. Within this district certain Group A, B, and C hazardous materials uses, and manufacturing and/or the storage of particularly large sizes/quantities of hazardous materials (Section 18.190.220, High intensity hazardous materials users), are regulated to minimize potential for off-site impacts. Within this area, only certain nonsensitive assembly, business service, and nonsensitive recreational uses may be permitted due to uses that handle hazardous materials. The I-T district is characterized by superior architectural and landscaping treatment and site planning.

(c)    I-G General Industrial. The purpose of the I-G district is to provide areas for general industrial, manufacturing, wholesale and other related service uses needed by the city and the region. Impacts associated with noise, odor, heavy traffic, and other hazards associated with certain hazardous materials may occur within the I-G district. Sensitive land uses are not permitted in the I-G district. (Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16.)

18.50.020 Rezoning of industrial districts.

Industrially zoned land shall not be rezoned to a nonindustrial zoning designation unless one or more of the following four conditions are met:

(a)    The industrial property is isolated and is surrounded by incompatible uses.

(b)    The site is located within one-quarter mile of a BART or ACE transit station, as measured from the center of the platform.

(c)    Subsequent analysis and public input is provided through a specific plan process.

(d)    It can be clearly demonstrated that an extraordinary benefit would be provided to the city. (Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16.)

18.50.030 Building and site standards.

Each lot shall conform to the building and site standards in the industrial districts as set forth in Table 18.50.030.

Table 18.50.030

Building and Site Standards for Industrial Districts

Standard

I-S

I-T

I-G

Lot area1, minimum

10,000 square feet

20,000 square feet

Lot width1, minimum

65 feet

70 feet

Building height1, maximum

40 feet2

75 feet2

Setback, front yard, minimum

25 feet; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram

15 feet; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram

Setback, street side yard, minimum

25 feet; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram

15 feet; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram

Setback, interior side yard1, minimum

None; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram

None; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram, and 25 feet when adjacent to a freeway or frontage road

Setback, rear yard1, minimum

None; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram

None; except 50 feet when located adjacent or directly across a street from any lot designated for residential use on the general plan land use diagram

Setback, private streets

Setbacks on private streets shall be measured from the right-of-way line of the street and not from the curbline

Floor area ratio (FAR)1, maximum

0.352,4

0.35; except 0.45 for general warehouse1 and manufacturing1,2,4

0.35; except 0.45 for general warehouse1,2,4

Table 18.50.030 notes:

1    This term is defined in Chapter 18.25.

2    Applications to increase building heights or FAR beyond the maximum shall be processed as a modification of zoning standards under Chapter 18.250. See Sections 18.190.305 and 18.190.610 for conversion of manufacturing and warehouse uses.

3    Reserved.

4    Building area that is designed and utilized exclusively for on-site employee child daycare1 shall not count towards maximum floor area ratio calculations.

(Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16; Ord. 23-2018 § 15, 10-2-18.)

18.50.040 Performance standards.

(a)    Performance standards are established to ensure that adjoining properties, persons and the community as well as the region are provided protection against adverse conditions which may be created by the various uses operating within the industrial zoning districts. All uses within the I-S, I-T, and I-G districts, whether accessory, permitted, or whether requiring zoning administrator or conditional use permit approval, shall comply with the following performance standards:

(1)    Noise. At all property lines, as measured consistent with subsection (c) of this section, the maximum noise level generated by any user shall not exceed an Ldn level of 70 dB(A) when adjacent users are industrial, commercial, business, professional or office. When adjacent to hotels, motels and other lodging, or outdoor sports and recreation, neighborhood parks and playgrounds, the noise level at all property lines shall be limited to an Ldn level of 65 dB(A). When users are adjacent or contiguous to residential, institutional uses, or similar sensitive uses, the maximum noise level shall not exceed an hourly Leq level of 50 dB(A) during daytime hours (7:00 a.m. – 10:00 p.m.), an hourly Leq level of 45 dB(A) during nighttime hours (10:00 p.m. – 7:00 a.m.), an hourly Lmax level of 70 dB(A) during daytime hours, and an hourly Lmax level of 65 dB(A) during nighttime hours. Excluded from these standards are occasional sounds generated by the movement of railroad equipment, temporary construction activities or warning devices. Each of the noise level standards specified in this section shall be reduced by five db(A) for single-tone noises, noises consisting primarily of speech or music, or for recurring impulsive noises when the site is adjacent to residential areas.

(2)    Vibration. No vibration shall be permitted which is discernible without instruments at any property line, as measured consistent with subsection (c) of this section.

(3)    Glare or Heat. No heat or direct or sky-reflected glare, whether from floodlights or high-temperature processes such as combustion or welding or otherwise, shall emanate from any use so as to be visible or discernible at the point of measurement as specified under subsection (c) of this section. Legal signs are exempted from this provision.

(4)    Fire Hazards. The storage, use or production of products which, either in the raw or finished state, constitutes an inflammable or explosive material shall be subject to the fire codes and approval of the city of Fremont’s fire department. The personnel of the department shall be given the opportunity to visit and observe operations on the site and any directives issued by said personnel shall be satisfied. Failure to comply with fire department directives shall constitute a violation of this chapter in addition to any violation of other statutes. Burning of waste materials in open fires or unapproved incinerators is prohibited.

(5)    Liquid or Solid Wastes. It is prohibited to discharge at any point into a private sewage disposal system or stream or into or on the ground any material of such nature or temperature as to contaminate any water supply, or otherwise cause the emission of dangerous or offensive elements, except in accordance with regulations, licenses or approvals of the various local and state agencies having jurisdiction over such activities.

(6)    Fissionable or Radioactive Material. No activity shall be permitted which utilizes, produces, removes or reprocesses fissionable or radioactive material unless a license, permit or other authority is secured from the state or federal agency exercising control. In all matters relative to such activities, it shall be the responsibility of the user to ascertain and identify the responsible agencies and notify the community development department as to the agencies involved and the status of the required permits.

(7)    Aesthetics. No operation or activity shall be permitted which will cause to be easily visible to public view or from adjoining properties waste materials, parts or material storage or an assembly process. Machinery or equipment which is necessary for the operation and which, because of size and function, cannot be installed for practical purposes within an enclosed building is exempt from this section.

(b)    Enforcement of this chapter may only pertain to requirements not regulated by other agencies and shall be the responsibility of the building official. The building official is empowered to take whatever steps are listed below to abate any condition which is in conflict with the performance standards as specified under this section. Such steps may include citations, abatement action, or injunctions. Arrests, or securing of warrants for arrest, of individuals responsible for suspected violations may only be used when other available steps will not allow the building official to stop a violation which poses a serious threat to the health and safety of one or more persons.

(c)    All measurements to determine the existence of any violation of the performance standards shall be made by the enforcing agency at the property line nearest the source of the suspected violation, except measurements of fire hazards, solid industrial wastes, or liquid wastes. (Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16.)

18.50.050 Development standards and requirements applicable to all industrial districts.

(a)    Landscaping and Screening. All projects shall conform to the following requirements:

(1)    Uses which are not contained in an enclosed building and are located adjacent or contiguous to lands designated for residential use on the general plan shall be screened from view from adjacent streets and adjoining properties. Screening shall be provided by either a six-foot-high nonmasonry fence in conjunction with a 10-foot-wide landscaped strip or a six-foot-high masonry wall to separate the use from contiguous properties.

(2)    A masonry wall not less than six feet nor more than eight feet in height, plus a landscaped strip of land at least 10 feet wide, shall be maintained along any property line where an industrial district abuts a lot designated for residential use on the general plan, or a lot with an existing residential use.

(3)    All side and rear yards adjacent to a freeway, as well as rear yards adjacent to an arterial or railroad right-of-way, shall be screened. Screening shall be provided by the following: a masonry wall not less than six feet in height, landscaped mounding, landscaping, or any combination thereof.

(4)    All required yard areas adjacent to streets and freeways shall be landscaped, except for driveways and sidewalks. When a wall or fence is required for screening in the rear yard or in yard areas abutting a freeway or railroad right-of-way, the landscaped area shall be located behind the wall. For walls located next to street right-of-way, landscaping shall be located in front of the fence or wall.

(5)    Trees shall be a minimum 15-gallon size. The shrub and groundcover plants shall be a minimum one-gallon size. The maximum number of one-gallon shrubs shall not exceed 60 percent of the total number of shrubs and groundcover plants required. The remaining shrubs shall not be less than five-gallon in size.

(6)    Landscape design shall include planter space for large canopy tree species of a minimum dimension of 10 feet at the ground level with additional space for canopy maturity at upper building levels.

(7)    Bay friendly and water efficient landscapes that meet state standards are required.

(8)    Landscape planting requirements may vary through design review permit approval in recognition of tree preservation efforts and/or the overall landscape plan aesthetic.

(9)    A design review permit for landscaping and screening design is required pursuant to the requirements set forth in Chapter 18.235. The zoning administrator may waive the requirement for fencing, landscaped mounding, or walls where the siting of the building and the landscaping on the site are designed to present a pleasing appearance from a contiguous street or freeway. In no case shall operation, storage or display of any nature occur in any yards visible from a contiguous street or freeway. Requests for waiver of fencing and/or screening requirements may be submitted concurrent with an application for design review permit.

(b)    Exterior Storage. Exterior storage of raw or primary materials, recyclable materials, waste products, and construction materials shall be prohibited in the required front and street side yard areas. All exterior storage on the property shall be screened by view-obstructing fencing and/or landscaping treatment in such a manner that it shall not be visible from any contiguous public street, freeway, or frontage road. All storage areas shall be surfaced to provide a durable and dust-free surface and properly graded so as to dispose of all surface water. Design review permit for exterior storage area(s) shall be required pursuant to the requirements set forth in Chapter 18.235.

(c)    Parking and Loading Facilities. All projects shall conform to the following requirements:

(1)    On any lot located in an industrial district that is directly across a roadway from any lot designated for residential use in the general plan land use diagram, the parking and loading facilities shall be a distance of at least 25 feet from the street right-of-way line of the industrial zoned property. This requirement shall not apply when a street is provided on one or more sides with a frontage road developed in accordance with the provisions of this title.

(2)    Landscape requirements for parking areas are contained in Chapter 18.183.

(3)    Parking (inclusive of bicycle parking, car share and electric vehicle spaces) shall be provided as required in Chapter 18.183.

(4)    When feasible, loading docks and delivery/service areas should be sited to the rear of buildings to minimize traffic disruption and maintain the visual quality of public streets. In instances where loading docks may be visible from an existing or planned public street, trail (e.g., the Bay Trail) or passenger rail line (e.g., BART), they shall be screened using fencing, walls, and/or landscaping to improve the visual quality of the city.

(d)    Exterior Lighting. Other than public or private street lights, exterior lighting shall be diffused and/or concealed in order to prevent illumination of adjoining properties or the creation of objectionable visual impacts on other properties or streets.

(e)    Fencing. All fencing shall conform to the standards set forth in Chapter 18.171.

(f)    Solid Waste and Recycling Storage. Internal and external storage of municipal solid waste, recyclables, and yard waste shall conform to the standards set forth in Section 18.190.440.

(g)    Utility and Equipment Screening.

(1)    Mechanical, meter and other equipment screening shall be required in accordance with Section 18.190.320.

(2)    Electrical and utility transformers shall be placed underground or shall be screened by an architectural element and/or landscaping.

(h)    Transportation Demand Management (TDM). Permit approvals for new and expanding developments shall include measures to promote usage of alternatives to automobile travel. The goal is to reduce total vehicle trips and vehicle trips during peak hours by a minimum of 20 percent through site design measures to support enhanced transit ridership, biking, and walking. Periodic review of TDM measures shall also be required as part of the permit approval. Existing employers/businesses may also participate in TDM programs and may also be subject to requirements set forth in Chapter 10.20 (Trip Reduction and Transportation Demand Management).

(i)    Exceptions. Exceptions to the regulations of this chapter shall be as described in Chapter 18.170.

(j)    Design Review Required. All developments, extensions or expansions of lots, structures, or uses shall be subject to the design review permit approval process described in Chapter 18.235, except for roadside stands established in accordance with Section 18.190.470.

(k)    Conversion of Existing Nonconforming Residential Uses. Any changes from an existing nonconforming residential use to a conforming use shall be subject to the design review permit approval process described in Chapter 18.235.

(l)    Findings for Conditional Use Permits and Zoning Administrator Permits. Where a zoning administrator permit or conditional use permit is required pursuant to Table 18.50.090, the following findings are required for approval:

(1)    For zoning administrator permits, the findings required in Section 18.275.060 shall be made;

(2)    For conditional use permits, the findings required in Section 18.230.060 shall be made;

(3)    The proposed use will not interfere with industrial activities on nearby sites; and

(4)    Small retail uses will be clustered with similar uses, and/or will provide a complementary service for surrounding industrial uses. (Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16.)

18.50.060 Adjustments for industrial developments formerly within a planned district.

(a)    Prior to September 13, 2016, many industrial developments were approved within planned districts. The purpose of this section is to preserve and extend certain vested rights for such developments.

(b)    Uses. Any use legally established within a planned district zone prior to September 13, 2016, may continue as previously approved. All uses established after September 13, 2016, must conform to current zoning regulations.

(c)    Development Standards. All buildings and site improvements legally constructed within a planned district zone prior to September 13, 2016, shall be considered to be conforming with regard to setbacks, height, floor area ratio, and site layout regardless of current zoning standards. All new development constructed after September 13, 2016, shall conform to current development standards.

(d)    Development Projects Approved Prior to Adoption of This Section, but Not Yet Constructed. Any development project approved as part of a planned district shall remain vested in accordance with former approvals unless superseded by a new development approval. (Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16.)

18.50.070 Use of hazardous materials.

All uses allowed in the industrial districts pursuant to Table 18.50.090 shall comply with the regulations pertaining to hazardous materials contained in Section 18.190.220 and Chapter 8.35. (Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16.)

18.50.080 Reserved.

(Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16.)

18.50.090 Uses in industrial districts.

(a)    Use Table. Table 18.50.090 sets forth those uses which are permitted, permitted with approval of a zoning administrator permit, permitted with approval of a conditional use permit, and not allowed in each of the three industrial districts, and the type of approval each use requires. The following terms are used in Table 18.50.090:

(1)    Permitted (“P”) uses are allowed subject to conformance to standards or conditions of this title.

(2)    Conditional (“C”) uses may be permitted with a conditional use permit, provided all other requirements of this title are met.

(3)    Zoning administrator (“Z”) uses may be permitted with a zoning administrator permit, provided all other requirements of this title are met.

(4)    Accessory (“A”) uses are allowed when subordinate to or part of a principal use on the same lot and serve as a use incidental to such principal use.

(5)    The symbol “--” indicates a use is prohibited within the zoning district.

(6)    “KSF” means 1,000 square feet.

(b)    In the event a use is not listed or there is difficulty in categorizing a use as similar to those uses listed in Table 18.50.090, the use shall be prohibited unless a “finding application” is submitted requesting the use be found similar in nature, function, and operation as other uses within the district as set forth in Chapter 18.250.

(c)    Permitting Procedures. Permitting procedures for a conditional use permit and zoning administrator permit shall be as provided in Chapters 18.230 and 18.275, respectively.

Table 18.50.090

Uses in Industrial Districts

Use

NAICS (2012)

I-S

I-T

I-G

Specific Use Regulations/
Notes

AGRICULTURE1

Agriculture1 including roadside stands1, in conjunction with an agricultural use, and agricultural nurseries, except the raising of animals or fowl for commercial purposes

 

- -

Z

Z

18.190.470

ASSEMBLY, ENTERTAINMENT, AND RECREATION

Banquet halls1

 

C

C (*)

- -

(*) When operated in conjunction with an exhibition and conference hall1, and located within 500 feet of an existing or approved hotel1

 

18.190.025 and 18.190.140

Exhibition and conference halls1 not associated with full service hotels1

 

- -

C

- -

 

Game or computing devices1

 

 

 

 

18.190.180

1 – 5 gaming devices

 

A

A

A

 

More than 5 gaming devices

 

C

C

- -

 

Assembly uses1 not listed elsewhere (e.g., cultural institutions, library, museum, religious facilities, etc.)

 

Z

C

- -

18.190.025

Fitness and recreational sports centers2, and indoor commercial recreation1, including billiard hall, bowling alley, gymnasia, indoor tennis, swimming, etc.

713940

Z

C

--

18.190.025; 18.190.420 and Chapter 5.90 apply to swimming facilities

Includes yoga and pilates studios. See educational services section for sports and recreation instruction (e.g., dance, martial arts, etc.)

Parks, public

 

C

C

- -

 

Place of entertainment1 not elsewhere listed in this table

 

- -

- -

- -

Chapter 5.45 and 18.190.025

Nightclubs1 and dance clubs and discotheques1; provided, that no more than 2 of these facilities shall be permitted within the industrially designated lands of the city

 

- -

C

C

Chapter 5.45 and 18.190.025

Theaters and performance venues including: concert hall1, dinner theater1, motion picture theater1, or performing arts theater1

 

- -

- -

- -

18.190.025

AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION

Automobile dealers2 and motor vehicle merchant wholesalers (new and used), when use is indoors and sales are by appointment or auction only

4411

Z

Z

Z

 

Automotive repair, major1

 

Z

- -

P

Section 18.190.027; except automobile vehicle wrecking yards1

Automotive repair, minor1

 

P

- -

P

Section 18.190.027

Automobile vehicle wrecking yards1

 

- -

- -

C

Section 18.190.027

Automotive parts and accessories stores2 and tire dealers2

441310 and 441320

P

- -

P

 

Car washes1, car detailing1, and gasoline service stations1

 

Z

Z

Z

Sections 18.190.027 and 18.190.190

Dead storage of vehicles1

 

Z5

- -

Z5

Section 18.190.027

Electric vehicle and motorized bicycle1 sales and service

 

P

P

P

Section 18.190.027

Freight transportation arrangement2

4885

- -

P5

P5

 

Inspection or weighing services, truck transportation2 on sites with direct access to a designated truck route

488490

- -

- -

P5

 

Motor vehicle towing2

488410

 

 

 

 

Without storage of vehicles

 

P

- -

P

 

With storage of vehicles in a corporation yard

 

Z5

- -

Z5

Except automotive vehicle wrecking yards1

Packing and crating2

488991

Z5

P5

P5

 

Passenger car rental and leasing2

53211

Z

- -

- -

Section 18.190.027

Transportation, air2

481

- -

- -

C5

 

Transportation, rail2

4821

- -

- -

P5

 

Transportation, transit and ground passenger2 and scenic and sightseeing, land2

485 and 4871

 

 

 

 

Without storage of vehicles

 

Z

P

P

 

With storage of vehicles in a corporation yard

 

Z

Z

P

 

Transportation, trucking2 facilities not associated with a warehousing facility

484

- -

P5

P5

 

Trucking terminal2 with direct access to a designated truck route

488490

- -

- -

Z

 

EATING AND DRINKING

Drinking place1

 

 

 

 

 

In conjunction with beverage manufacturing2

 

Z

Z

Z

 

Not in conjunction with beverage manufacturing2

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Eating place with or without alcoholic beverages1

 

Z

Z

Z

18.190.140

With sidewalk dining

 

- -

- -

- -

18.190.510

With drive-in or drive-through enterprise1

 

- -

- -

- -

18.190.110 and 18.190.140

EDUCATIONAL SERVICES

Colleges, universities and professional schools2 and junior colleges2

6113 and 6112

Z

Z

- -

18.190.025

Elementary and secondary schools2

6111

Z

- -

- -

18.190.025

Other schools and instruction2 (Examples include instruction for: dance, exam preparation, language, music, photography, sports and recreation, and tutoring)

6116

 

 

 

18.190.025

See assembly, entertainment, recreation section for yoga and pilates studios

Serving sensitive populations1

 

Z

- -

- -

18.190.025

For adults only

 

Z

Z

- -

18.190.025

Technical and trade schools2 and business schools and computer and management training2

6115 and 6114

Z*

Z*

Z

* Bus driving schools2 and truck driving schools2 not permitted

HEALTH CARE AND SOCIAL ASSISTANCE2

62

 

 

 

 

Day care, child1

 

 

 

 

 

When conducted as an integral part of a main building or on a proximate site/campus and where the parent(s) or guardian(s) of children using such facility remain on site, or on a proximate site

 

Z

Z

C

 

Other

 

- -

- -

- -

 

For offices of physicians2, dentists2 and chiropractors2, see office section

6211, 6212 and 62131

 

 

 

 

Health care and social assistance2, not elsewhere listed in this table

62

- -

- -

- -

 

INDUSTRIAL USES AND SERVICES5

Carpet and upholstery cleaning services2

561740

- -

- -

P5

 

Construction2 without a corporation yard1

23

P5

P5

P5

 

Corporation yard-service yard-fleet yard and contractor’s storage yard1 (permanent facilities)

 

Z5

Z5

Z5

See 18.190.080 for temporary construction yards

Dry cleaning and laundry services2

812320

Z5

- -

P5

 

Information2 (e.g., newspaper and book publishing, software publishing, motion picture and sound recording studios, radio and television broadcasting, and data processing and hosting) excluding telecommunication facilities1

51

P5

P5

P5

See miscellaneous section for telecommunication facilities1

Mini-warehouses for household goods1

 

Z5

Z5

Z5

18.190.330

Warehousing, general1 (including e-commerce and e-catalog retailers) excluding mini-warehouses for household goods1 and warehousing for firearms1 or refrigerated warehousing and storage2

(493120)

P5

P5

P5

18.190.600 and 18.190.610

See retail section for retail uses in connection with a warehouse

Warehousing and storage, firearms1

 

- -

C5

C5

18.190.160, 18.190.600 and 18.190.610

Warehousing and storage, refrigerated2

493120

Z5

Z5

Z5

18.190.600 and 18.190.610

INDUSTRIAL – MANUFACTURING

Alternative energy products and related components and services (e.g., batteries, energy storage and LEDs)

 

P5

P5

P5

 

Apparel2

315

P5

P5

P5

 

Beverage2

3121

 

 

 

 

Breweries2, distilleries2, soft drinks2, bottled water2, wineries2

31212, 31214, 312111, 312112 and 31213

Z5

Z5

Z5

 

Ice2

312113

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Biological products with biosafety level1 1 or 2 (BSL 1 or BSL 2)

 

- -

P5

P5

 

Biological products with biosafety level1 3 (BSL 3)

 

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Biological products with biosafety level1 4 (BSL 4)

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Chemical2 (excluding pharmaceutical and medicine2)

325

- -

C5

C5

 

Computer and electronic products2

334

- -

P5

P5

 

Electrical equipment, appliance and components2 (excluding therefrom battery manufacturing2)

335 (33591)

P5

P5

P5

 

Fabricated metal products2

 

 

 

 

 

Coating, engraving, heat treating, and allied activities2, forging and stamping2 and fabricated structural metal2

3328, 33213 and 32312

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Machine shops2

332710

P5

P5

P5

 

Small arms ammunition manufacturing2, ammunition manufacturing2, small arms, ordnance, and ordnance accessories2

332992, 332993 and 332994

- -

- -

C5

18.190.160

Fabricated metal products2 not elsewhere listed in this table, excluding weapons and ammunition manufacturing

332

- -

P5

P5

 

Food2

311

 

 

 

 

Bread and bakery product manufacturing2 and confectionery manufacturing2

31181, 31134 and 31135

P5*

P5*

P5*

* Z when including a retail or wholesale outlet

Fruit and vegetable preserving and specialty food manufacturing2, sugar manufacturing2 and slaughter1

3114 and 31131

- -

- -

C5

 

Food products2 not elsewhere listed in this table (e.g., spices, roasted nuts, flour mixes and doughs)

311

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Furniture and related products2

337

Z5

P5

P5

 

Leather and allied products2

316

 

 

 

 

Without leather and hide tanning and finishing2

(3161)

- -

P5

P5

 

With leather and hide tanning and finishing2

3161

- -

- -

Z5

 

Machinery2

333

- -

P5

P5

 

Maker space1

 

Z5

Z5

- -

 

Medical equipment and supplies2

3391

- -

P5

P5

 

Miscellaneous, other2 (e.g., musical instruments, sporting goods, toys and games, signs, office supplies, etc.)

3399

 

 

 

 

Jewelry and silverware2, candles2, crayons2 and pencil leads2

33991, 339999 and 339940

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Miscellaneous, other2 not elsewhere listed in this table, excluding tobacco pipes

3399

Z5

P5

P5

 

Primary metal2

331

- -

- -

C5

 

Transportation equipment2

336

 

 

 

 

Assembly of bicycles from purchased parts

 

P5

P5

P5

 

Motor vehicle2, and motor vehicle body and trailer2, and motor vehicle parts2

3361, 3362 and 3363

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Transportation equipment2 not elsewhere listed in this table, excluding guided missiles

336

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Nonmetallic mineral products2 (e.g., cement and concrete2, clay product and refactory2, lime and gypsum products2)

327

 

 

 

 

Cement and concrete products2

3273

- -

- -

C5

 

Clay products and refractory2, lime and gypsum products2 and other nonmetallic mineral products2

3271, 3274 and 3279

- -

- -

Z5

 

Glass and glass products2

3272

P5

P5

P5

 

Paper2

322

 

 

 

 

Pulp, paper and paperboard mills2

3221

- -

- -

C5

 

Paper2, not elsewhere listed in this table

322

- -

P5

P5

 

Petroleum and coal products2

324

- -

- -

C5

 

Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing2 not exceeding biosafety level 2

3254

- -

P5*

P5*

* Biosafety level 3 may be considered through a Z

Plastics and rubber products2

326

- -

Z5

P5

 

Printing and related support activities2

3231

Z5

Z5

P5

 

Textile mills2 and textile product mills2, assembly of (e.g., carpets, curtains, linens)

313 and 314

- -

- -

P5

 

Tobacco2 and tobacco products (including electronic cigarettes and electronic cigarette products)

3122

- -

- -

- -

Tobacco products defined in Chapter 8.55

Wood products2

321

 

 

 

 

Sawmills and wood preservation2

3211

- -

- -

C5

 

Wood products2 not elsewhere listed in this table

321

Z5

Z5

P5

 

INDUSTRIAL – RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

Testing laboratories2, including physical, chemical, and analytical

541380

- -

P5

P5

 

Medical and diagnostic laboratories2

62151

Z5

P5

P5

 

Scientific research and development services2, including physical, engineering, and life sciences and systems (e.g., electronics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, chemistry, physics) with biosafety level1 1 or 2 (BSL 1 or 2)

541711, 541712 and 541720

P5

P5

P5

 

Scientific research and development services2, including physical, engineering, and life sciences and systems (e.g., electronics, biotechnology, nanotechnology, chemistry, physics) with biosafety level1 3 (BSL 3)

541711, 541712 and 541720

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Scientific research and development services2, including physical, engineering, and life sciences and systems with biosafety level1 4 (BSL 4)

541711, 541712 and 541720

- -

- -

- -

 

OFFICES

Advertising, public relations, and related services2 except on-site outdoor advertising

5418

P

P

P

 

Architectural, engineering, and related services2

5413

P

P

- -

 

Banks and credit unions

5211 and 52213

Z

- -

- -

 

Corporate and regional managing offices1

 

- -

P

P

 

Co-working space1

 

Z

Z

- -

 

Employment services2

5613

Z

Z

- -

 

Management, scientific, and technical consulting services2

5416

Z

Z

- -

 

Offices of physicians2, optometrists2, podiatrists2, mental health practitioners2, physical, occupational and speech therapists and audiologists2, acupuncturists and chiropractors2 in clusters of greater than 20KSF, excluding dentists2, pediatricians2, and surgeons2

6211, 62131, 62132, 62133, 62134, and 621391 (6212 and 62111)

Z5

- -

- -

 

Specialized design services2 (e.g., interior design services, industrial design services, and graphic design services)

5414

P

P

- -

 

Office, other not elsewhere listed in this table

 

- -

- -

- -

 

RESIDENTIAL

Day care homes, large and small

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Emergency shelter1 except when located within a special flood hazard area1

 

P

C

C

18.190.150

Caretakers quarters1

 

Z

Z

Z

 

RETAIL AND WHOLESALE

For automotive parts and accessories stores2 and tire dealers2, see automotive and transportation section

441310 and 441320

 

 

 

 

Other building material dealers2 (e.g., electrical supply stores, kitchen cabinet stores, fencing dealers, lumber yards, floor covering stores for wood or ceramic tile only, plumbing supply stores, garage door dealers, prefabricated building dealers and glass stores)

444190

Z5

Z5

Z5

 

Retail sales1 for commercial nurseries1 and large-scale items or a limited line of goods (e.g., appliances, industrial machinery, home or business supply stores), excluding uses classified as “restricted retail” below

 

Z5

Z5

Z5

 

Retail sales1 of goods that are manufactured, or assembled on site, excluding uses classified as “restricted retail” below

 

P5

P5

P5

 

Retail sales1, other not listed in this table

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Wholesale trade1

 

 

 

 

 

For wholesale of motor vehicles, see automotive and transportation section

 

 

 

 

 

Involving storage or handling of livestock2, live poultry1, petroleum and petroleum products2, and chemicals and allied products2, or recyclable materials2

 

- -

- -

Z5

 

Involving slaughter1

 

- -

- -

C5

 

Involving storage or handling of firearms1

 

- -

C5

C5

See Section 18.190.160

Involving refrigerated warehousing2

 

Z5

Z5

Z5

 

Involving storage or handling of hazardous materials1

 

- -

Z5

Z5

 

Wholesale trade1 of goods that are manufactured, or assembled on site

 

P5

P5

P5

 

Wholesale trade1, other not listed in this table

 

P5

P5

P5

 

Retail sales, restricted:

 

 

 

 

 

Adult-oriented businesses1, including sexual encounter establishments1

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Firearms dealers1, including firearm sales accessory to sporting goods store

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Head shops1

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Pawn shops

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Retail tobacco store1

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Used merchandise or secondhand sales

 

- -

- -

- -

 

SERVICES

Artisan and craft shops, such as taxidermists and art studios

 

P5

- -

- -

 

Astrology1

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Business support services2, including commercial art, computer and data processing, mailboxes and postal services, mailing and reproduction, messenger services, photography, and similar services

5614

 

 

 

 

Without a corporation yard1

 

P5

P5

P5

 

With a corporation yard1

 

Z5

Z5

P5

 

Caterers2 excluding banquet halls1

722320

P

P

P

 

Consumer goods rental2, general rental centers2, and commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing2 without a corporation yard1

5322, 5323 and 5324

 

 

 

 

Without a corporation yard1

 

P

P

P

 

With a corporation yard1

 

Z

Z

P

 

Consumer product repair and maintenance, including repair and servicing of air conditioning, bicycles, cameras, electronics, furniture, jewelry, lawnmowers, leather goods, refrigeration, upholstery, and similar products and services

 

P

- -

P

 

Dry cleaning and laundry services2

812320

 

 

 

 

Without on-site dry cleaning

 

P

P

P

 

With on-site dry cleaning

 

- -

- -

C5

 

Facilities support services2 (e.g., janitorial, maintenance, reception, etc.), except correctional facilities and jails

5612

 

 

 

 

Without a corporation yard1

 

P

P

P

 

With a corporation yard1

 

Z

Z

P

 

Hotels, limited1 and full service1 including conference

 

C

C

- -

18.190.025

Investigative and security services2, including locksmiths

5616

P

P

P

 

Massage establishments1

A

 

- -

- -

Chapter 5.65 and 18.190.310

Personal services, general1

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Personal services, other1

 

- -

- -

- -

 

Pet care services2 and veterinary clinics2

812910 and 541940

Z

Z

Z

18.190.590 for veterinary clinics

Photofinishing2

 

P

- -

- -

 

Public or quasi-public use1, not including: corporation/contractor/fleet/service yards1 and warehouses1 or any use specifically listed in this table as a permitted, zoning administrator or prohibited use

 

C

C

C

18.190.025

Services to dwellings2 (e.g., carpet cleaning, janitorial, landscape and pest control)

5617

 

 

 

 

Without a corporation yard

 

P

P

P

 

With a corporation yard

 

Z

- -

P

 

UTILITIES2

22

 

 

 

 

Electric power transmission, control and distribution

22112

C5

Z5

Z5

18.190.500

Natural gas distribution2

2212

C5

Z5

Z5

18.190.500

Sewage treatment facilities2

22132

C5

Z5

Z5

18.190.500

Water supply and irrigation systems2

22131

C5

Z5

Z5

18.190.500

Renewable energy systems6 for off-site consumption, as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

Wind farms6 on lots 10 acres or larger

 

- -

- -

C

Chapter 18.185

Solar farms2 on lots 10 acres or larger

 

- -

- -

C

Chapter 18.185

MISCELLANEOUS USES

Any other use that the zoning administrator finds is similar in nature, function and operation to:

 

 

 

 

 

Permitted uses allowed within this district

 

P

P

P

Chapter 18.250

Zoning administrator uses within the district

 

Z

Z

Z

Chapter 18.250

Conditional uses within the district

 

C

C

C

Chapter 18.250

Demonstration or display of technological products on a temporary basis

 

Z5

Z5

Z5

 

Drive-in or drive-through enterprise1 in conjunction with an allowable use

 

- -

- -

- -

18.190.110

Wireless facilities

 

 

 

 

Chapter 18.187

ACCESSORY USES

Electric charging stations

 

A

A

A

 

Employee eating places and other incidental services for employees when conducted as an integral part of a main building

 

A

A

A

 

Mobile vending vehicle/cart1

 

A

A

A

18.190.390

Sidewalk displays1

 

- -

- -

- -

18.190.520

Small recycling collection facilities1 and reverse vending machines1

 

Z

- -

Z

18.190.430

1 This term is defined in Chapter 18.25.

2 When this column includes a number, the use is elaborated in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Manual. When NAICS number is shown within parentheses, the use is excluded.

3 Reserved.

4 Reserved.

5 Subject to the requirements of Section 18.190.220 (High intensity hazardous materials uses).

6 This term is defined in Chapter 18.185.

(Ord. 17-2016 § 18, 9-13-16; Ord. 27-2016 § 15, 12-6-16; Ord. 08-2017 § 5, 6-6-17; Ord. 09-2017 § 7, 6-6-17; Ord. 23-2018 § 16, 10-2-18.)