Chapter 18.04


18.04.005    Definitions.

18.04.010    Accessory building.

18.04.015    Accessory use.

18.04.020    Alley.

18.04.022    Antique store.

18.04.025    Apartment.

18.04.030    Apartment hotel.

18.04.035    Apartment house.

18.04.040    Automobile service station.

18.04.043    Bachelor/efficiency unit.

18.04.045    Automobile repair facility.

18.04.050    Basement.

18.04.055    Repealed by Ord. 1738.

18.04.060    Repealed by Ord. 1737.

18.04.065    Repealed by Ord. 1738.

18.04.070    Building.

18.04.075    Building area.

18.04.080    Building height.

18.04.085    Building line.

18.04.087    Building supply center.

18.04.090    Building site.

18.04.095    Repealed by Ord. 1738.

18.04.100    Business or commerce.

18.04.103    Car wash facility.

18.04.105    Carport.

18.04.106    Check cashing.

18.04.107    Urgent care center.

18.04.110    Club.

18.04.112    Cluster development.

18.04.115    Collection facility.

18.04.120    Commission/planning commission.

18.04.125    Community care facility.

18.04.130    Condominium.

18.04.133    Contractor business.

18.04.135    Day care facility.

18.04.140    Day care home, family.

18.04.143    Density.

18.04.145    Duplex.

18.04.150    Dwelling.

18.04.155    Dwelling, multiple.

18.04.160    Dwelling, one-family.

18.04.163    Dwelling, accessory unit.

18.04.164    Dwelling, junior accessory unit.

18.04.165    Dwelling, two-family.

18.04.170    Dwelling unit.

18.04.175    Educational institution.

18.04.178    Emergency shelter.

18.04.180    Family.

18.04.182    Repealed by Ord. 1738.

18.04.185    Floor area.

18.04.190    Floor area ratio (FAR).

18.04.195    Repealed by Ord. 1804.

18.04.197    Deleted.

18.04.200    Garage, private.

18.04.205    Deleted.

18.04.210    Repealed by Ord. 1737.

18.04.215    Group care facility.

18.04.220    Guest room.

18.04.222    Health club.

18.04.225    Health facility.

18.04.230    Home or hobby occupation.

18.04.235    Hospital.

18.04.240    Hotel.

18.04.241    Hotel, amenity.

18.04.242    Internet cafe.

18.04.245    Kitchen.

18.04.247    Laboratory, medical and dental.

18.04.248    Laundromat, self service.

18.04.250    Loading space.

18.04.255    Lodginghouse.

18.04.260    Lot.

18.04.265    Lot area.

18.04.270    Lot, corner.

18.04.273    Lot coverage.

18.04.275    Lot, cul-de-sac.

18.04.280    Lot depth.

18.04.285    Lot, interior.

18.04.290    Lot, key.

18.04.295    Lot line, front.

18.04.300    Lot line, rear.

18.04.305    Lot line, side.

18.04.310    Lot, reversed corner.

18.04.315    Lot, through.

18.04.320    Lot width.

18.04.325    Main building.

18.04.330    Mall.

18.04.335    Mall building, covered.

18.04.338    Massage establishment.

18.04.339    Medical and dental offices and clinics.

18.04.340    Mobile home.

18.04.345    Mobile home park.

18.04.350    Mini-market.

18.04.355    Repealed by Ord. 1738.

18.04.360    Motel.

18.04.361    Motor vehicle dealership.

18.04.363    Neighborhood market.

18.04.365    Nonconforming building.

18.04.370    Nonconforming use.

18.04.372    Repealed by Ord. 1737.

18.04.373    Open space.

18.04.374    Deleted.

18.04.375    Parking area, public.

18.04.380    Parking space, automobile.

18.04.382    Pawn shop.

18.04.385    Repealed by Ord. 1738.

18.04.387    Pharmacy.

18.04.390    Processing facility.

18.04.395    Recyclable material.

18.04.400    Recycling facility.

18.04.402    Residential group facility.

18.04.405    Reverse vending machine.

18.04.410    Roominghouse.

18.04.412    Second hand store and/or thrift shops.

18.04.413    Self-storage facility.

18.04.415    Semi-subterranean parking structure.

18.04.420    Site plan.

18.04.422    Spa facilities.

18.04.425    Story.

18.04.430    Street.

18.04.435    Street line.

18.04.440    Street, side.

18.04.445    Structural alteration.

18.04.450    Structure.

18.04.453    Supermarket.

18.04.454    Supportive housing.

18.04.455    Swap meet.

18.04.460    Trailer, automobile.

18.04.465    Trailer park.

18.04.470    Transient.

18.04.471    Deleted.

18.04.472    Transitional housing.

18.04.475    Use.

18.04.476    Warehouse.

18.04.478    Wireless telecommunications facility.

18.04.480    Yard.

18.04.485    Yard, front.

18.04.490    Yard, rear.

18.04.495    Yard, side.

18.04.005 Definitions.

The words, terms, and phrases used in this title shall have the meaning usually ascribed to them or as defined or used in the planning law of the state. For the purposes of this title, unless it is plainly evident from the context that a different meaning is intended, certain terms used in this title are defined in this chapter. (Prior code § 10-3.201)

18.04.010 Accessory building.

“Accessory building” means a building, part of a building, or structure which is detached from and subordinate to, and the use of which is incidental to, that of the main building, structure, or use on the same lot. Where an accessory building is a part of or joined to the main building, such accessory building shall be counted as part of the main building. (Ord. 1804 § 2(A), 2019: prior code § 10-3.202)

18.04.015 Accessory use.

“Accessory use” means a use ancillary, incidental, appropriate, subordinate and devoted exclusively to the main use of the lot or building on such lot. (Ord. 1804 § 2(C), 2019)

18.04.020 Alley.

“Alley” means a public way permanently reserved as a secondary means of vehicular access to abutting property. (Prior code § 10-3.204)

18.04.022 Antique store.

“Antique store” means a place used for the sale or trading of articles, which are over fifty (50) years old or have collectible values. Antique shop does not include “second hand store”. (Ord. 1661 § 1, 2004)

18.04.025 Apartment.

“Apartment” means a room or suite of two or more rooms in a multiple dwelling, occupied or suitable for occupancy as a residence for one family. (Prior code § 10-3.205)

18.04.030 Apartment hotel.

“Apartment hotel” means a building, or portion thereof, designed for or containing a combination of six or more guest rooms or suites of rooms and three or more dwelling units. (Prior code § 10-3.206)

18.04.035 Apartment house.

“Apartment house” means the same as “multiple dwelling.” (See Section 18.04.155) (Prior code § 10-3.207)

18.04.040 Automobile service station.

“Automobile service station” means any facility where the primary use is the retail sale and dispensing of motor vehicle fuel; it may include an on-site mini-market and self-service automobile washing facility. (Ord. 1666 § 1, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 1, 2004: prior code § 10-3.208)

18.04.043 Bachelor/efficiency unit.

“Bachelor/efficiency unit” shall mean an independent residential unit of at least 450 square feet, permitted in accordance with Health and Safety Code Section 17958.1, and consisting of living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation facilities. With the exception of sanitation facilities, all amenities are provided in a single room. (Ord. 1640 § 1 (part), 2003)

18.04.045 Automobile repair facility.

“Automobile repair facility” means any facility used for the repair, alteration, restoration, maintenance, body and fender, painting of passenger vehicles and motorcycles, including but not limited to: fluid replacement and lubrication, tune-up and muffler work, parts and tire sales and installation, wheel and brake work, engine and transmission repair, rebuilding or reconditioning of engines, smog check, wheel alignment, and installation of automobile accessories such as glass, upholstery, radios, and alarm systems. This classification excludes automobile wrecking, or storage of vehicles. (Ord. 1666 § 2, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 2, 2004: prior code § 10-3.209)

18.04.050 Basement.

“Basement” means a space wholly or partly underground and having one-half or more of its height below the average level of the adjoining ground. A basement, when designed for or occupied by dwellings, business, or manufacturing, shall be considered to be a story. (Prior code § 10-3.210)

18.04.070 Building.

“Building” means a permanently located structure having a roof (all forms of vehicles are excluded). “Building,” as used in this title, shall include the word “structure.” (Prior code § 10-3.214)

18.04.075 Building area.

“Building area” means the sum in square feet of the ground areas occupied by all buildings and structures on a lot. (Prior code § 10-3.215)

18.04.080 Building height.

“Building height” means the vertical distance measured from the lowest portion of the building that is above ground to the highest point of the roof, exclusive of the exceptions to building height permitted by this title. (Ord. 1804 § 2(D), 2019: Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; Ord. 1673 § 2, 2005; prior code § 10-3.216)

18.04.085 Building line.

“Building line” means a line parallel with a lot line or planned street line and separated therefrom by the depth of the required yard. (Prior code § 10-3.217)

18.04.087 Building supply center.

“Building supply center” means any facility engaged in retail or wholesale sales and leasing or rental of building supplies, tools, and equipment. This classification includes lumber and other building materials yards, tool and equipment sales, leasing and rental yards, but excludes retail sales of paint and hardware. (Ord. 1666 § 3, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 3, 2004)

18.04.090 Building site.

“Building site” means the ground area of a building or group of buildings, together with all open spaces and off-street parking and loading facilities required by this title. (Prior code § 10-3.218)

18.04.100 Business or commerce.

“Business or commerce” means the purchase, sale, or other transaction involving the handling or disposition of any article, substance or commodity for profit or livelihood, or the ownership or management of office buildings, office recreational or amusement enterprises, or the maintenance and use of offices by professions and trades rendering services. (Prior code § 10-3.220)

18.04.103 Car wash facility.

“Car wash facility” means any building, structure, improvement or land principally used for washing motor vehicles. (Ord. 1666 § 4, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 4, 2004)

18.04.105 Carport.

“Carport” means covered motor vehicle parking structure accessory to residential units. It may be freestanding or attached to another structure and must be entirely open on at least two sides except for structural supports. (Ord. 1738 § 4 (part), 2012: prior code § 10-3.221)

18.04.106 Check cashing.

“Check cashing” means a business whose primary purpose is to provide services such as check cashing and deferred deposit transactions. This includes check cashers, payday advance businesses and other business regulated by the State of California’s Check Casher Permit Program, per the California Civil Code, Section 1789.30 et seq. Check cashing facility does not include a state or federally chartered bank, savings association, credit union, or industrial loan company. Check cashing facility also does not include a retail seller engaged primarily in the business of selling consumer goods, including consumables, to retail buyers that cash checks or issue money orders for minimum flat fee not exceeding two dollars ($2.00) as a service that is incidental to its main purpose or business. (Ord. 1661 § 1, 2004)

18.04.107 Urgent care center.

“Urgent care center” means an establishment that provides outpatient diagnostic services and emergency medical care, including minor outpatient surgical procedures for ambulatory patients. Such establishment is staffed by any licensed member of the healing arts as provided in Section 18.04.339 of this code, as well as members of the nursing profession, engaged in providing services and care to patients. (Ord. 1517 § 1, 1997)

18.04.110 Club.

“Club” means an association of persons for some common nonprofit purpose, but not including groups organized primarily to render a service which is customarily carried on as a business. The designation “legal card club” is specifically excluded. (Prior code § 10-3.222)

18.04.112 Cluster development.

“Cluster development” means a multifamily development of three or more buildings or separate units which are enclosed within a gated community or which have nontraditional orientations away from the public street, such as buildings facing each other with interior courtyards. (Ord. 1804 § 2(E), 2019)

18.04.115 Collection facility.

“Collection facility” means a center for the acceptance by donation, redemption or purchase of recyclable materials from the public. Such a facility does not use power driven processing equipment except as indicated below. Collection facilities may include small collection facilities or large collection facilities. Small collection facilities are those facilities which occupy an area of not more than five hundred square feet, and may include: a mobile unit; reverse vending machines occupying more than fifty square feet per site; kiosk type units which may include permanent structures; or unattended containers placed for the donation of recyclable materials. Large collection facilities shall mean those facilities which occupy an area of more than five hundred square feet and may include permanent structures. (Ord. 1738 § 4 (part), 2012: prior code § 10-3.222.1)

18.04.120 Commission/planning commission.

“Commission” or “planning commission” means the planning and environmental quality commission of the city. (Ord. 1738 § 4 (part), 2012: prior code § 10-3.223)

18.04.125 Community care facility.

“Community care facility” means any state-licensed facility, place or building that is maintained and operated to provide nonmedical residential care, day treatment, adult day care, or foster family agency services for children, adults or children and adults, including, but not limited to, the physically handicapped, mentally disordered, or incompetent persons, and abused or neglected children, and includes those facilities and programs described in Health and Safety Code Section 1502 et seq. as the same may be amended from time to time. (Ord. 1737 § 14 (part), 2012: prior code § 10-3.223.1)

18.04.130 Condominium.

“Condominium” means a form of ownership consisting of an estate in real property composed of an undivided interest in common in a portion of a parcel of real property, together with a separate interest in airspace in a residential, industrial or commercial building on such parcel of real property, such as an apartment, office or store. Such estate may be owned in fee, may be life estate, or may be an estate for years, such as a leasehold or subleasehold (subsection 783 of the Civil Code of the state). A condominium project is a subdivision under the Subdivision Map Act of the state. (Section 66424 of the Government Code of the state) (Prior code § 10-3.223.2)

18.04.133 Contractor business.

“Contractor business” means any premises used or operated by a contractor licensed by the state of California for the purpose of conducting administrative activities along with the incidental storing, maintaining, servicing, distributing, or dispatching of supplies, materials, vehicles, equipment, tools commonly used or required by a contractor’s business. (Ord. 1666 § 6, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 6, 2004)

18.04.135 Day care facility.

“Day care facility” means any group of buildings, building or portion thereof used primarily for the daytime regular care, protection and supervision of children at any location other than their normal place of residence, for periods of less than twenty-four hours per day, while the parents or guardians are away. Day care facilities shall include nursery schools. (Ord. 1550 § 1, 1998: prior code § 10-3.223.3)

18.04.140 Day care home, family.

“Family day care home” means a home which regularly provides care, protection and supervision for fourteen or fewer children, in the provider’s own home, for periods of less than twenty-four hours per day, while their parents or guardians are away, and includes the following:

A. “Large family day care home” means a home that provides family day care to seven to fourteen children, inclusive, including children under the age of ten years who reside at the home, as set forth in Health and Safety Code Section 1597.465 and as defined in regulations issued by the state of California. Large day care family homes shall be permitted in all residential zones subject to approval of a home occupation permit pursuant to Chapter 18.56.

B. “Small family day care home” means a home that provides family day care to eight or fewer children, including children under the age of ten years who reside at the home, as set forth in Health and Safety Code Section 1597.44 and as defined in regulations issued by the state of California. Small family day care homes shall be considered a residential use of property and shall be a permitted use in all zones in which residential uses are permitted. (Ord. 1738 § 4 (part), 2012: prior code § 10-3.223.4)

18.04.143 Density.

“Density” means the number of units per acre based on gross acreage. (Ord. 1804 § 2(F), 2019)

18.04.145 Duplex.

“Duplex” means the same as “two-family dwelling.” (See Section 18.04.165.) (Prior code § 10-3.224)

18.04.150 Dwelling.

“Dwelling” means a building, or portion thereof, designed for or occupied exclusively for residential purposes, with the exception of permitted home occupations, including one-family, two-family, and multiple dwellings, but not including hotels, boardinghouses, and lodginghouses. (Prior code § 10-3.225)

18.04.155 Dwelling, multiple.

“Multiple dwelling” means a residential building, or portions thereof, designed, occupied or intended for occupancy as more than two separate living quarters, with each living quarter having separate kitchen, sleeping, and bathroom facilities for the exclusive use of a single family or household. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.226)

18.04.160 Dwelling, one-family.

“One-family dwelling” means a detached building designed for or occupied exclusively by one family, including guests and servants employed on the premises and having but one kitchen. (Prior code § 10-3.227)

18.04.163 Dwelling, accessory unit.

“Accessory dwelling unit” or “accessory unit” shall mean an attached or detached residential dwelling unit, or a dwelling unit located within a single-family dwelling, which provides complete independent living facilities for one or more persons and is located on a lot with a proposed or existing primary residence. It shall include permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation facilities on the same parcel of land as the single-family dwelling or multifamily dwelling is or will be situated. “Accessory dwelling units” includes efficiency units as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 17958.1 and manufactured homes as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 18007. (Ord. 1814 § 1 (part), 2020: Ord. 1778 § 1, 2017: Ord. 1640 § 1 (part), 2003)

18.04.164 Dwelling, junior accessory unit.

“Junior accessory dwelling unit” shall mean a unit that is no more than five hundred square feet and contained entirely within a single-family dwelling, not including an attached garage or other attached accessory structure. (Ord. 1814 § 1 (part), 2020)

18.04.165 Dwelling, two-family.

“Two-family dwelling” means a residential building under one roof designed for or occupied for separate living quarters by two families or households living independently of each other and having separate kitchen, sleeping and bathroom facilities. Two-family dwellings are the same as a duplex. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.228)

18.04.170 Dwelling unit.

“Dwelling unit” means one or more rooms in a residential building designed or occupied or intended for occupancy by one household or family as living quarters and having only one kitchen. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.229)

18.04.175 Educational institution.

“Educational institution” means public, parochial and other nonprofit institutions conducting regular academic instruction at kindergarten, elementary, secondary and collegiate levels, including graduate schools, universities and nonprofit research institutions. Such institutions shall either:

A. Offer general academic instruction equivalent to the standards prescribed by the State Board of Education; or

B. Confer degrees as a college, university, undergraduate, or graduate standing; or

C. Conduct research.

This definition shall not include schools, academies, or institutes, incorporated or otherwise, which operate for a profit, nor shall it include commercial or trade schools. (Prior code § 10-3.230)

18.04.178 Emergency shelter.

“Emergency shelter” means housing with minimal supportive services for homeless persons that is limited to occupancy of no more than six months by a homeless person. (Ord. 1737 § 10, 2012)

18.04.180 Family.

“Family” means an individual or two or more persons related by blood, marriage or adoption or a group not related by blood or marriage, living together as a single housekeeping unit in a dwelling unit, not including a sorority, fraternity, club or group of persons occupying a hotel, lodging house or institution. (Ord. 1737 § 13, 2012: prior code § 10-3.231)

18.04.185 Floor area.

“Floor area” means the sum of the gross horizontal areas of the several floors of a building, excluding areas used for accessory garage purposes and such basement and cellar areas as are devoted exclusively to uses accessory to the operation of the building. All horizontal dimensions shall be taken from the exterior faces of walls, including walls or other enclosures of enclosed porches. Wherever the term “floor area” is used in this title as a basis for requiring off-street parking, it shall be assumed that, unless otherwise stated, such floor area applies not only to the ground floor area but also to any additional stories and/or basement of such structure. (Prior code § 10-3.232)

18.04.190 Floor area ratio (FAR).

“Floor area ratio” means the numerical value obtained by dividing the total floor area of all buildings located on a lot or parcel of land by the total area of such lot or parcel of land. In calculating the floor area ratio, the measurements for all structures shall be from outside wall to outside wall, using the gross square footage; provided, that for multifamily dwellings and condominiums any garage area, private street, private access way, uncovered patio, porch, or balcony, and any uncovered common recreation area including swimming pools shall be excluded from the FAR calculation. In calculating the total land area, no portion of any street, alley or right-of-way dedication/easement shall be included. (Ord. 1804 § 2(G), 2019: Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.232.1)

18.04.200 Garage, private.

“Private garage” means an accessory building or portion of the main building designed for the parking or storage of vehicles owned or operated by the occupants of the main building. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.234)

18.04.215 Group care facility.

“Group care facility” means twenty-four-hour residential facilities authorized, certified or licensed by the state to provide medical or nonmedical care for seven or more individuals such as children, the elderly, mentally disordered persons, developmentally disabled persons, or otherwise handicapped persons. These facilities include, but are not limited to, rest homes, convalescent homes, group homes, residential facilities for the chronically ill, residential care facilities for the elderly, alcoholism/drug abuse recovery or treatment facilities, and skilled nursing facilities and community care facilities for residential care, but excluding those uses classified under hospitals. (Ord. 1737 § 14 (part), 2012: prior code § 10-3.235.2)

18.04.220 Guest room.

“Guest room” means a room which is designed to be occupied by not more than four guests for sleeping purposes. (Prior code § 10-3.236)

18.04.222 Health club.

“Health club” means a place of business with equipment and facilities for exercising, improving physical fitness, improving overall physical well-being and relaxation. Businesses with spa facilities shall be considered health clubs. (Ord. 1714 § 2(A), 2010)

18.04.225 Health facility.

“Health facility” means an establishment engaged in outpatient treatment of a specialized nature with permanent facilities and medical staff to provide diagnosis, treatment, or both for ambulatory patients. Such establishments include but are not limited to alcohol and drug addiction treatment clinic, biofeedback clinic, family planning clinic, mental health clinic, medical rehabilitation center, respiratory therapy clinic, health screening services facility, blood bank, and sperm bank. (Ord. 1517 § 2, 1997: prior code § 10-3.236.1)

18.04.230 Home or hobby occupation.

“Home or hobby occupation” means any use customarily conducted entirely within a dwelling and carried on by the inhabitants thereof, which use is clearly incidental and secondary to the use of the structure for dwelling purposes and which use does not change the character thereof and does not adversely affect the uses in the zone of which it is a part. Home occupations shall be subject to the provisions of Chapter 18.56 of this code. (Prior code § 10-3.237)

18.04.235 Hospital.

“Hospital” means an establishment primarily engaged in providing diagnostic services, medical treatment including surgical services, and other inpatient medical services. Such establishment has an organized medical staff, inpatient beds, and equipment and facilities to provide health care. “Hospital” includes but is not limited to a psychiatric hospital, rehabilitation hospital, cancer hospital, children’s hospital, chronic disease hospital, maternity hospital, and orthopedic hospital. (Ord. 1804 § 2(I), 2019: Ord. 1517 § 3, 1997: prior code § 10-3.238)

18.04.240 Hotel.

“Hotel” means any building or portion of any building with access provided through a common entrance, lobby or hallway to six or more guest rooms, and which rooms are designed, intended to be used, or are used, rented or hired out as accommodations for guests. (Prior code § 10-3.239)

18.04.241 Hotel, amenity.*

“Hotel, amenity” means a hotel with amenities such as: indoor lobby/lounge area with complimentary Wi-Fi meant for guests to sit, relax, and work; spa facilities; outside lounge areas meant for guests to sit, relax, and work, including common area patios and rooftop decks; pool or other improved recreation areas; gym facilities; conference centers; or other amenities of a similar nature that are for the benefit of guests and located outside of the individual rooms. (Ord. 1825 § 2, 2021)

*    Code reviser’s note: Ord. 1825 adds this section as 18.04.245. It has been editorially renumbered to prevent duplication of numbering.

18.04.242 Internet cafe.

“Internet cafe” shall mean a place of business whose primary purpose is to provide Internet access to the public through use of a computer or other electronic device. (Ord. 1738 § 4 (part), 2012)

18.04.245 Kitchen.

“Kitchen” means any room used for, intended for, or designed to be used for cooking or the preparation of food. (Prior code § 10-3.240)

18.04.247 Laboratory, medical and dental.

“Medical and dental laboratory” means an establishment primarily engaged in providing professional analytic or diagnostic services to the medical or dental profession, or to the patient on order of a licensed medical or dental practitioner, or establishment primarily engaged in making devices for patients on order of a licensed medical or dental practitioner. (Ord. 1517 § 4, 1997)

18.04.248 Laundromat, self service.

“Self-service laundromat” means any establishment open to the public where coin-operated washing machines and dryers are provided for the washing and drying of personal clothing and household items such as towels, bed sheets and blankets. (Ord. 1666 § 8, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 8, 2004)

18.04.250 Loading space.

“Loading space” means an off-street space or berth on the same lot with a building, or contiguous to a group of buildings, that is delineated for the temporary parking of a commercial vehicle while loading or unloading merchandise or materials and which loading space has access to a street or alley. A loading space shall be so arranged that it will not impede traffic circulation within the parking area, will not require commercial vehicles to back onto a public street/alley and will not block parking stalls. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.241)

18.04.255 Lodginghouse.

“Lodginghouse” means a building with at least three guest rooms where, for compensation, lodging is provided with or without meals. “Lodginghouse” includes recovery houses or other similar facilities providing group living arrangements for persons recovering from alcoholism or drug addiction where the facility provides no care or supervision, unless such persons are functioning as a family. (Ord. 1737 § 14 (part), 2012: prior code § 10-3.242)

18.04.260 Lot.

“Lot” means:

A. A parcel of land which is shown as a lot in a subdivision approved pursuant to the provisions of the Subdivision Map Act; or

B. A parcel of real property, the dimensions and boundaries of which are defined by a recorded record of survey map; or

C. A parcel of real property shown on a parcel map, recorded pursuant to the provisions of the Subdivision Map Act; or

D. A parcel of real property lawfully created and dimensioned prior to January 14, 1954. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.243)

18.04.265 Lot area.

“Lot area” means the total area within the lot lines of a lot. No portion of any street, alley, right-of-way or future dedication or easement abutting a lot line shall be included in the computation of lot area. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.244)

18.04.270 Lot, corner.

“Corner lot” means a lot situated at the intersection of two or more streets, having an angle of intersection of not more than one hundred thirty-five degrees. (Prior code § 10-3.245)

18.04.273 Lot coverage.

“Lot coverage” means that amount of land area on the lot or parcel of land, which is occupied by structures or buildings. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682)

18.04.275 Lot, cul-de-sac.

“Cul-de-sac lot” means a lot fronting on, or with more than one-half its width fronting on, the turnaround end of a cul-de-sac street. (Prior code § 10-3.246)

18.04.280 Lot depth.

“Lot depth” means the horizontal distance between the front and rear lot lines measured in the mean direction of the side lot lines. (Prior code § 10-3.247)

18.04.285 Lot, interior.

“Interior lot” means a lot other than a corner lot. (Prior code § 10-3.248)

18.04.290 Lot, key.

“Key lot” means the first lot to the rear of a reversed corner lot and not separated therefrom by an alley. (Prior code § 10-3.249)

18.04.295 Lot line, front.

“Front lot line” means, in the case of an interior lot, a line separating the lot from the street and in the case of a corner lot, a line separating the narrowest street frontage of the lot from the street except in those cases where the latest tract deed restrictions specify another line as the front lot line. (Prior code § 10-3.250)

18.04.300 Lot line, rear.

“Rear lot line” means a lot line which is opposite and most distant from the front lot line and, in the case of an irregular, triangular, or gore-shaped lot, a line within the lot parallel to and at a maximum distance from the front lot line, having a depth of not less than ten feet. (Prior code § 10-3.251)

18.04.305 Lot line, side.

“Side lot line” means any lot boundary line not a front lot line or a rear lot line. (Prior code § 10-3.252)

18.04.310 Lot, reversed corner.

“Reversed corner lot” means a corner lot, the side street line of which is substantially a continuation of the front line of the lot upon which it rears. (Prior code § 10-3.253)

18.04.315 Lot, through.

“Through lot” mean a lot having frontage on two parallel or approximately parallel streets. (Prior code § 10-3.254)

18.04.320 Lot width.

“Lot width” means the horizontal distance between the side lot lines, measured at right angles to the lot depth at the building line. (Prior code § 10-3.255)

18.04.325 Main building.

“Main building” means a building within which is conducted the principal use permitted on the lot as provided in this title. (Prior code § 10-3.256)

18.04.330 Mall.

“Mall” is a roofed or covered common pedestrian area within a covered mall building which serves as access for two or more tenants and may have three levels that are open to each other. (Prior code § 10-3.256.01)

18.04.335 Mall building, covered.

“Covered mall building” means a single building enclosing a number of tenants and occupancies such as retail stores, dining and food service establishments, entertainment and amusement facilities, and other similar uses wherein two or more tenants have a main entrance into one or more covered malls. The term includes “shopping mall,” “merchandise mart,” “indoor mart,” “fashion mart,” “galleria,” and similar words and phrases commonly used to describe general retail sales activities in a covered mall. For purposes of this section, gross leasable area is the total floor designed for tenant occupancy and exclusive use. The area of tenant occupancy is measured from the center lines of joint partitions to the outside of the tenant walls. All tenant areas, including areas used for storage, shall be included in calculating gross leasable area. (Prior code § 10-3.256.02)

18.04.338 Massage establishment.

“Massage establishment” shall have the same meaning as that set forth in Section 5.48.020. (Ord. 1738 § 4 (part), 2012: Ord. 1487 § 4, 1995)

18.04.339 Medical and dental offices and clinics.

“Medical and dental offices and clinics” means the facilities of any licensed member of the healing arts as set forth in the California Business and Professions Code, engaged in the practice of general or specialized medicine (M.D.), specialized osteopathic medicine or surgery (D.O.), chiropractic medicine (D.C.), optometry (O.D.), podiatry (D.P.), as well as those of any licensed member of the dental profession engaged in general or specialized dentistry (D.M.D. or D.D.S), and other licensed health practitioners, including but not limited to acupuncturists, audiologists, psychotherapists, dental hygienists, dietitians, occupational therapists, physical therapists, psychologists, and speech pathologists. (Ord. 1517 § 5, 1997)

18.04.340 Mobile home.

“Mobile home” means a detached residential dwelling structure on a permanent chassis produced in a factory and transported to the site where it is placed on a permanent or temporary foundation and connected to the necessary utilities. (Prior code § 10-3.256.1)

18.04.345 Mobile home park.

“Mobile home park” means any area or tract of land where two or more mobile home lots are rented or leased to accommodate mobile homes used for human habitation. The rental paid for any such mobile home shall be deemed to include the rental for the lot it occupies. (Prior code § 10-3.256.2)

18.04.350 Mini-market.

“Mini-market” means any small retail store selling a broad array of grocery and household products and staples, operated in conjunction with a service station. (Ord. 1666 § 9, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 9, 2004: prior code § 10-3.256.3)

18.04.360 Motel.

“Motel” means a group of attached or detached buildings containing guest rooms or sleeping rooms, some or all of which have a separate entrance leading directly from the outside of the building with garage attached or automobile parking space conveniently located on the lot or parcel of land, and which is designed, used or intended to be used for the accommodation of automobile travelers or tourists. Motels shall include motor inns, motor lodges, auto courts, tourist courts and similar designations. (Prior code § 10-3.257)

18.04.361 Motor vehicle dealership.

“Motor vehicle dealership” means any business establishment, which sells or leases new or used automobiles, trucks, vans, trailers, recreational vehicles, boats or motorcycles or other similar motorized transportation vehicles. (Ord. 1666 § 10, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 10, 2004)

18.04.363 Neighborhood market.

“Neighborhood market” means any small retail market selling a full range of food and household products, which may include meat, dairy, produce, dry goods and beverages, in 7,500 – 10,000 square feet tenant space or building. (Ord. 1666 § 11, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 11, 2004)

18.04.365 Nonconforming building.

“Nonconforming building” means a building, or portion thereof, which was lawfully constructed or structurally altered in accordance with the zoning regulations of the city in effect at the time of construction or alteration, but which does not conform to current regulations contained in this title. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.258)

18.04.370 Nonconforming use.

“Nonconforming use” means use of a building, land, or improvement, which was lawfully established in conformance with the zoning regulations of the city in effect at the time the use was established, but which does not comply with one or more of the regulations currently applicable to the zone in which the use is located. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; prior code § 10-3.258)

18.04.373 Open space.

“Open space” means an unobstructed portion of a lot which is usable for active or passive recreational and leisure use. (Ord. 1804 § 2(J), 2019)

18.04.375 Parking area, public.

“Public parking area” means an open area, other than a street, alley, or place, used for the temporary parking of automobiles and available for public use, whether free, for compensation, or as an accommodation for clients or customers. (Prior code § 10-3.262)

18.04.380 Parking space, automobile.

“Automobile parking space” means a space within a building or public parking area for the temporary parking or storage of one automobile, exclusive of streets, alleys, driveways, aisles and the area of ingress or egress. (Ord. 1804 § 2(K), 2019: prior code § 10-3.263)

18.04.382 Pawn shop.

“Pawn shop” means a place in which the business of a pawnbroker is conducted. “Pawnbroker” shall have the same meaning as set forth in Financial Code Section 21000 as the same may be amended from time to time. Pawnbroker is any person engaged in the business of receiving goods, including motor vehicles in pledge as security for a loan. (Ord. 1661 § 1, 2004)

18.04.387 Pharmacy.

“Pharmacy” means an establishment engaged in the retail sale of federal and state authorized prescription drugs and nonprescription medicines, and which may also carry a number of additional items, such as cosmetics, toiletries, tobacco, and novelty merchandise. (Ord. 1683 § 1, 2006; Urg. Ord. 1682; Ord. 1517 § 7, 1997)

18.04.390 Processing facility.

“Processing facility” means a building or enclosed space used for the collection and processing of recyclable materials. Processing means the preparation of material for efficient shipment, or to an end user’s specifications, by such means as baling, briquetting, compacting, flattening, grinding, crushing, mechanical sorting, shredding, cleaning and remanufacturing. Processing facilities include light processing facilities and heavy processing facilities. Light processing facility shall mean a facility which occupies an area of under forty-five thousand square feet of gross collection, processing and storage area and has up to an average of two outbound truck shipments per day. Light processing facilities are limited to baling, briquetting, crushing, compacting, grinding, shredding and sorting of source-separated recyclable materials and repairing of reusable materials sufficient to qualify as a certified processing facility. A light processing facility shall not shred, compact or bale ferrous metals other than food and beverage containers. Heavy processing facility shall mean any processing facility other than a light processing facility. (Prior code § 10-3.264.1)

18.04.395 Recyclable material.

“Recyclable material” means reusable material including but not limited to metals, glass, plastic and paper, which are intended for reuse, remanufacture, or reconstitution for the purpose of using the altered form. Recyclable material does not include refuse or hazardous materials. Recyclable material may include used motor oil collected and transported in accordance with Sections 25250.11 and 25143.2(b)(4) of the California Health and Safety Code. (Prior code § 10-3.264.2)

18.04.400 Recycling facility.

A “recycling facility” is a center for the collection and/or processing of recyclable materials. A certified recycling facility or certified processor means a recycling facility certified by the California Department of Conservation as meeting the requirement of the California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act of 1986. A recycling facility does not include storage containers or processing activity located on the premises of a residential, commercial or manufacturing use and used solely for the recycling of material generated by the residential property, business or manufacturer. Recycling facilities may include small collection facilities, large collection facilities, or processing facilities. (Prior code § 10-3.264.3)

18.04.402 Residential group facility.

“Residential group facility” means any type of residential facility which, by state law, is required to be treated as a residential use of property when serving six or fewer persons. (Ord. 1737 § 14 (part), 2012)

18.04.405 Reverse vending machine.

“Reverse vending machine” means an automated mechanical device which accepts at least one or more types of empty beverage containers including, but not limited to aluminum cans, glass and plastic bottles, and issues a cash refund or a redeemable credit slip with a value not less than the container’s redemption value as determined by the state. A reverse vending machine may sort and process containers mechanically provided that the entire process is enclosed within the machine. In order to accept and temporarily store all three container types in a proportion commensurate with their relative redemption rates, and to meet the requirements of certification as a recycling facility, multiple grouping of reverse vending machines may be necessary. (Prior code § 10-3.264.4)

18.04.410 Roominghouse.

“Roominghouse” means the same as “lodginghouse or roominghouse.” (See Section 18.04.255) (Prior code § 10-3.266)

18.04.412 Second hand store and/or thrift shops.

“Second hand store” and/or “thrift shop” means a profit or non-profit business or organization that engages in, or specializes in, the sale or resale of second hand merchandise or goods, and whose goods may be principally donated or sold on consignment. This classification does not include antique stores. (Ord. 1661 § 1, 2004)

18.04.413 Self-storage facility.

“Self-storage facility” means a structure or group of structures containing generally small, compartmentalized storage places or lockers which are rented or leased to individuals or businesses, who have direct access to such spaces for the purpose of storing personal or business property. (Ord. 1666 § 13, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 13, 2004)

18.04.415 Semi-subterranean parking structure.

“Semi-subterranean parking structure” means a structure not used for occupancy but primarily for parking purposes which structure is totally or partially below grade. “Grade” means the lowest point of elevation of the finished surface of the ground, paving or sidewalk within the area between the building and the property line or, when the property line is more than five feet from the building, between the building and a line five feet from the building.

A semi-subterranean parking structure shall not be considered a story, except if said structure is partially or totally above grade, additional side and rear yard setbacks will be required. (Prior code § 10-3.267.1)

18.04.420 Site plan.

“Site plan” means a plan, prepared to scale, showing all of the uses proposed for a specific property. The plan shall show clearly and with full dimensioning all buildings, building heights, spaces between buildings, off-street parking and loading spaces, points of ingress and egress, walls, fences, landscaping features, and any additional information which may be deemed necessary by the community development director to clearly define the intended use of the property and determine its conformity with the provisions of this title and any conditions imposed in connection with a variance or conditional use permit. (Ord. 1804 § 2(L), 2019: prior code § 10-3.269)

18.04.422 Spa facilities.

“Spa facilities” means facilities such as mineral baths, salt rooms, mineral rooms, saunas, steam rooms, whirlpools and other therapeutic baths. This list is meant to be illustrative. (Ord. 1714 § 2(B), 2010)

18.04.425 Story.

“Story” means that portion of a building included between the surface of any one floor and the floor next above it or, if there shall be no floor above it, the space between such floor and the ceiling next above it. (Prior code § 10-3.270)

18.04.430 Street.

“Street” means a public thoroughfare or right-of-way dedicated, deeded or condemned for use as such, other than an alley, which affords principal means of access to abutting property. (Prior code § 10-3.271)

18.04.435 Street line.

“Street line” means the boundary line between the street and abutting property. (Prior code § 10-3.272)

18.04.440 Street, side.

“Side street” means that street bounding a corner lot and which extends in the same general direction as the line determining the depth of the lot. (Prior code § 10-3.273)

18.04.445 Structural alteration.

“Structural alteration” means any change in the supporting members of a building, such as bearing walls, columns, beams or girders, floor joists or roof joists, girders or rafters, or changes in roof or exterior lines. (Prior code § 10-3.274)

18.04.450 Structure.

“Structure” means that which is built or constructed, an edifice or building of any kind, or any piece of work artificially built up or composed of parts joined together in some definite manner, which work requires location on the ground or is attached to something having a location on the ground, including billboards and outdoor advertising structures, and excluding outdoor areas, such as patios, paved areas, walks, swimming pools, tennis courts, and similar recreation areas, fences or walls used as fences six feet or less in height. (Prior code § 10-3.275)

18.04.453 Supermarket.

“Supermarket” means a large retail market or store selling a wide range of food and beverage and household items. Included within the premises of a supermarket may be a bakery, butcher shop, flower shop, coffee shop, financial institution, pharmacy, and video rental shop. (Ord. 1666 § 14, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 14, 2004)

18.04.454 Supportive housing.

“Supportive housing” means housing with no limit on length of stay that is occupied by the target population as defined in Health and Safety Code Section 50675.14 and that is linked to on-site or off-site services that assist the supportive housing resident in retaining the housing, improving his or her health status, and maximizing his or her ability to live and, when possible, work in the community. (Ord. 1737 § 14 (part), 2012)

18.04.455 Swap meet.

“Swap meet” means a retail commercial use, conducted out-of-doors, where new or used merchandise is offered or displayed for sale or exchange by two or more vendors from individual stalls. “Swap meet” includes “flea market,” “bazaar,” “open air market,” and similar words and phrases commonly used to describe a swap meet. “Swap meet” shall not include any activity set forth in Chapter 18.60 of this code. (Prior code § 10-3.275.1)

18.04.460 Trailer, automobile.

“Automobile trailer” means a vehicle without motive power designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and to be used for human habitation or for carrying persons and property, including a trailer coach. (Prior code § 10-3.276)

18.04.465 Trailer park.

“Trailer park” means any area or tract of land used or designed to accommodate two or more automobile trailers. (Prior code § 10-3.277)

18.04.470 Transient.

“Transient” means a person receiving accommodations for a price, with or without meals, for an indefinite rental period of time. (Prior code § 10-3.278)

18.04.472 Transitional housing.

“Transitional housing” or “transitional housing development” means buildings configured as rental housing developments, but operated under program requirements that call for the termination of assistance and recirculation of the assisted unit to another eligible program recipient at some predetermined future point in time, which shall be no less than six months. (Ord. 1737 § 14 (part), 2012)

18.04.475 Use.

“Use” means the purpose for which land or a building is arranged, designed or intended, or for which either is or may be occupied or maintained. (Prior code § 10-3.279)

18.04.476 Warehouse.

“Warehouse” means a building where goods or products are stored, whether on a short-term or long-term basis. This classification shall not include self-storage facilities as defined in Section 18.04.413, but shall include products being stored for wholesale distribution. (Ord. 1738 § 4(part), 2012: Ord. 1666 § 16, 2005: Urg. Ord. 1667 § 16, 2004: prior code § 10-3.284. Formerly 18.04.500)

18.04.478 Wireless telecommunications facility.

“Wireless telecommunications facility” means a facility consisting of the equipment and structures involved in receiving and transmitting radio frequency communications from and to radio communications devices, and relaying those communications to and from a switching point which connects the radio communications devices to a telephone network and/or a data communications network. (Ord. 1738 § 4(part), 2012)

18.04.480 Yard.

“Yard” means an open space, other than a court, on a lot, unoccupied and unobstructed from the ground upward, except as otherwise provided. (Prior code § 10-3.280)

18.04.485 Yard, front.

“Front yard” means a yard extending across the full width of the lot, the depth of which is the minimum horizontal distance between the front lot line or planned street line and the closest permissible point on a building on the lot, excepting the limited projections permitted in this title. (Ord. 1804 § 2(M), 2019: prior code § 10-3.281)

18.04.490 Yard, rear.

“Rear yard” means a yard contiguous to the rear line of a lot and extending from side lot line to side lot line, the depth of which is the minimum horizontal distance between the rear lot line and the closest permissible point on a building on the lot, excepting the limited projections permitted in this title. On a corner lot the rear yard shall extend from the interior side lot line to the side yard on the street side. (Ord. 1804 § 2(N), 2019: prior code § 10-3.282)

18.04.495 Yard, side.

“Side yard” means a yard contiguous to the side lot line, extending from the front yard, or front lot line where no front yard is required, to the rear yard, or rear lot line where no rear yard is required, the width of which side yard is the minimum horizontal distance between the side lot line and the closest permissible point on a building on the lot, excepting the limited projections permitted in this title. (Ord. 1804 § 2(O), 2019: prior code § 10-3.283)