Chapter 11.98
REDUCTION OF SINGLE-USE PLASTIC AND PAPER CARRYOUT BAGS

Sections:

11.98.010    Purpose and findings.

11.98.020    Definitions.

11.98.030    Ban on plastic bags and charge for single-use carryout bags.

11.98.040    Implementation.

11.98.050    Enforcement.

11.98.010 Purpose and findings.

(a) It is the intent of the city of Pacific Grove in enacting this chapter to eliminate the common use of plastic single-use carryout bags, to encourage the use of reusable bags by consumers and retailers, and to reduce the consumption of single-use bags in general. It is the further purpose of this chapter that by promoting reusable bags it will further the city’s overall waste reductions goals as may be amended from time to time by the state of California.

(b) The city of Pacific Grove finds that the addition of this chapter to the municipal code qualifies as a regulation for the protection of natural resources and the environment as defined by the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). [Ord. 14-015 § 2, 2014].

11.98.020 Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter, the following definitions apply:

“Exempted uses” means those point-of-purchase or delivery sales that have received a special exemption, through the community and economic development director or the director’s designee, allowing single-use bags.

“Plastic bag” or “plastic carryout bag” means a single-use carryout bag of any size that is provided at point of sale to customers by a retail establishment. Plastic bags include both compostable and noncompostable carryout bags.

“Recycled paper bag” is defined as a bag that contains no old growth fiber and a minimum of 40 percent post-consumer recycled content, is 100 percent recyclable, and has printed in a highly visible manner on the outside of the bag the words “Reusable” and “Recyclable,” the name and location of the manufacturer, and the percentage of post-consumer recycled content.

“Restaurant” is defined as an establishment doing business in the city of Pacific Grove whose principal business is the sale of prepared food for consumption either on or off premises, which includes a restaurant, cafe, bakery, delicatessen, or catering truck.

“Retail establishment” or “retail store” means all sales outlets, stores, shops, vehicles, or other places of business located within the city of Pacific Grove that operate primarily to sell or convey goods directly to the ultimate consumer. Restaurants, as defined herein, are exempt from the requirements of this chapter. Also exempt from the requirements of this chapter is prepared food sold at grocery and convenience stores’ food counters.

“Reusable bag” means any bag with handles that is specifically designed and manufactured for multiple reuse, and is either: (1) made of cloth or other washable woven fabric; or (2) made of durable material that is at least 4.0 mils thick that can be cleaned or disinfected at least 125 times. A reusable bag may be made of recyclable plastic such as high density polyethylene (HDPE), low density polyethylene (LDPE), or polypropylene.

“Single-use carryout bag” is defined as a bag, other than a reusable bag or recycled bag, provided at the check stand, cash register, point of sale, or other point of departure for the purpose of transporting food or merchandise out of the establishment. Single-use carryout bags do not include bags, a maximum size of 11 inches by 17 inches, without handles, provided to the customer to (1) transport produce, bulk food or meat from a product, bulk food or meat department within a store to the point of sale; (2) hold prescription medication dispensed from a pharmacy; or (3) segregate food or merchandise that could damage or contaminate other food or merchandise when placed together in a bag. [Ord. 14-015 § 2, 2014].

11.98.030 Ban on plastic bags and charge for single-use carryout bags.

(a) No retail establishment shall provide plastic carryout bags to customers at the point of sale, except as permitted in this chapter.

(b) No city of Pacific Grove contractors, special events promoters, or their vendors, while performing under contract or permit, shall provide plastic carryout bags to customers at the point of sale.

(c) Single-use paper carryout bags provided to customers shall contain a minimum of 40 percent post-consumer recycled paper fiber and must be recyclable in the city of Pacific Grove’s curbside recycling program.

(d) Retail establishments shall charge a minimum 10-cent fee for each single-use paper carryout bag provided to customers at the point of sale. Retail establishments shall keep annual records of paper bag distribution to be made available to the community and economic development director or designee upon request. From time to time, the city may review the annual records of paper bag distribution to ensure the effectiveness of these regulations.

(e) The charge imposed pursuant to this chapter shall not be charged to customers participating in the California Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children, the State Department of Social Services Food Stamp program, or other government-subsidized purchase programs for low-income residents.

(f) The ban on single-use plastic bags and the charge for single-use paper bags do not apply to plastic or paper bags used to protect produce or meat, or otherwise used to protect items as they are put into a carryout bag at checkout. Other examples or exemptions include: paper bags to protect bottles, plastic bags around ice cream or other wet items, paper bags used to weigh candy, paper pharmacy bags, or paper bags used to protect greeting cards.

(g) Retail establishments are strongly encouraged to make reusable bags available for sale to customers at a reasonable price.

(h) Retail establishments shall indicate on the customer transaction receipt the number of paper carryout bags provided, and the total amount charged. [Ord. 14-015 § 2, 2014].

11.98.040 Implementation.

The city shall make available a copy of this chapter, or a link to this chapter on the city’s website, to every new retail establishment that applies for a business license. [Ord. 14-015 § 2, 2014].

11.98.050 Enforcement.

(a) Beginning March 1, 2015, violations of this chapter may be enforced in accordance with Chapters 1.16 and 1.19 PGMC.

(b) The city’s code compliance program shall be responsible for enforcing this chapter and shall have authority to issue citations for violations.

(c) Anyone violating or failing to comply with any of the requirements of this chapter shall be guilty of an infraction.

(d) The city attorney may seek legal, injunctive, or any other relief to enforce the provisions of this chapter.

(e) The remedies and penalties provided in this chapter are cumulative and not exclusive of one another.

(f) The city may inspect any vendor’s premises to verify compliance.

(g) Violation of this chapter will be considered a public nuisance. In addition to any other remedies or penalties that may be available, any violation described in the preceding paragraphs shall be subject to abatement by the city, as well as any other remedies that may be permitted by law for public nuisances, and may be enforced by an injunction issued by the superior court in a civil action, based upon a showing by the city that said violation exists. [Ord. 14-015 § 2, 2014].