Chapter 18.32
FIRE PREVENTION1

Sections:

18.32.010    Amendments to the fire code.

18.32.020    Establishment and duties of bureau of fire prevention.

18.32.030    Storage limits for explosives, flammable and combustible liquids, and liquefied petroleum gas.

18.32.040    Appeals.

18.32.050    New materials, processes or occupancies which may require permits.

18.32.060    Penalties.

18.32.070    Fees.

18.32.080    Very high fire hazard severity zone.

18.32.010 Amendments to the fire code.

The California Fire Code as adopted under PGMC 18.04.010 is amended and changed in respect of the following sections set forth therein:

Section 101.1 is amended to read as follows:

101.1 Title: These regulations shall be known as the Fire Code of the City of Pacific Grove.

Section (A)105.1.2 is amended to read as follows:

(A)105.1.2 Types of permits. There are two types of permits as follows:

1. Operational permit. Any and all conditions of an operational permit will be established through a separate Resolution approved by the City Council.

2. Construction permit. A construction permit allows the applicant to install or modify systems and equipment for which a permit is required by Section (A)105.1.1.

Section 109.3 is amended to read as follows:

109.3 Violation Penalties: Persons who shall violate any provision of this code, fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof , or erect, install, alter, repair, or do work in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the fire code official, or of a permit or certificate used under provisions of this code, shall be guilty of an infraction, punishable by a fine not more than $500. Each day that a violation continues after due notice has been served shall be deemed a separate offense. Enforcement procedures and remedies set forth in PGMC Chapter 1.19 shall also apply.

Section 202 is amended to add the following definition:

ALL WEATHER SURFACE. A road surface constructed to the minimum standards adopted by the jurisdiction.

Section 304 and 305 are amended to read as follows:

Section 304 – Combustible Materials:

Storage and Accumulation of Rubbish and Vegetation

304 Rubbish within Dumpsters: In all rooms or above outside areas, adjacent to building or underneath roof overhangs or when located nearer than 10 feet to adjacent property line, used for storage of combustible waste materials in other than Group R, Division 3 occupancies shall be protected by automatic sprinkler protection. Such sprinklers may be connected to the domestic water supply, provided sufficient coverage of the area is provided and an approved accessible shutoff valve is provided for each room or area.

Exception: (1) Trash areas adjacent to solid brick or concrete walls with no openings or eaves are not required to be protected by automatic sprinkler system(s).

Section 307 is amended to read as follows:

Section 307 – Incinerators, Open Burning and Commercial Barbecue Pits

Open Burning

307 General: Open burning shall be prohibited including outdoor rubbish fires and bonfires, unless: 1) the fire is confined to an approved container as defined by the Uniform Mechanical Code and authorized by the Monterey Bay Air Pollution Control District; 2) the open fire is for the explicit purpose of preparation of food, such as in the case of a luau, barbecue, and the like; or 3) a special condition or circumstance exists and written authorization is granted by the Fire Chief.

Section 503 is added as follows:

Section 503 – Fire Apparatus Access:

Section 503.2.1 is added as follows:

503.2.1 Dimensions: Fire apparatus access roads shall have an unobstructed width of not less than 20 feet (6096 mm), exclusive of shoulders, except for approved security gates in accordance with Section 503.6, and an unobstructed vertical clearance of not less than 13 feet 6 inches (4115 mm).

BRIDGE. A structure to carry a roadway over a depression or obstacle.

Section 503.2.6.1 is added to read as follows:

503.2.6.1 Private Bridge Engineering: Every private bridge hereafter constructed shall meet the following engineering requirements:

a. The weight shall be designed for a minimum of HS-20 loading as prescribed by the AASHTO.

b. The unobstructed vertical clearance shall be not less than 15 feet clear.

c. The width shall be a minimum of 20 feet clear. The fire code official may require additional width when the traffic flow may be restricted or reduce the width to a minimum of 12 feet for Occupancy Group U or R-3 occupancies.

d. The maximum grade change of the approach to and from any private bridge shall not exceed 8% for a minimum distance of 10 feet.

Section 503.2.6.2 is added to read as follows:

503.2.6.2 Private Bridge Certification: Every private bridge hereafter constructed shall be engineered by a licensed professional engineer knowledgeable and experienced in the engineering and design of bridges. Certification that the bridge complies with the design standards required by this code and the identified standards, and that the bridge was constructed to those standards, shall be provided by the licensed engineer, in writing, to the fire code official. Every private bridge, including existing and those constructed under this code, shall be certified as to its maximum load limits every 10 years or whenever deemed necessary by the fire code official. Such recertification shall be by a licensed professional engineer knowledgeable and experienced in the engineering and design of bridges. All fees or costs necessary and appropriate for the purpose of certification or recertification of private bridges shall be at the owner’s expense.

Section 503.2.7 is amended to read as follows:

503.2.7 Grade: The grade of fire apparatus access roads shall be no greater than 15% unless specifically approved by the fire code official.

Section 503.2.7.1 is added to read as follows:

503.2.7.1 Paving: All fire apparatus access roads over 8% shall be paved with a minimum 0.17 feet of asphaltic concrete on 0.34 feet of aggregate base. All fire apparatus access roads over 15% where approved shall be paved with perpendicularly grooved concrete.

Section 505 is added to read as follows:

Section 505 – Premises Identification:

505.1 Address Identification: New buildings shall have approved address numbers, building numbers or approved building identification placed in a position that is plainly legible and visible from the street or road fronting the property. These numbers shall be Arabic numbers or alphabetical letters. Numbers shall be a minimum of 4 inches (101.6 mm) high with a minimum stroke width of 0.5 inch (12.7 mm). Where access is by means of a private road and the building cannot be viewed from the public way, a monument, pole or other sign or means shall be used to identify the structure. Large complexes or multiple buildings shall have their address posted so that it is visible from the street.

Section 506.1 is amended to read as follows:

506.1 Where Required: Where access to or within a structure or an area is restricted because of secured openings or where immediate access is necessary for life-saving or fire-fighting purposes, the fire code official is authorized to required a key box or other approved emergency access device to be installed in an approved location. The key box or other approved emergency access device shall be of an approved type and shall contain keys or other information to gain necessary access as required by the fire code official.

Section 507.5.2 is amended to read as follows:

507.5.2 Inspection, Testing and Maintenance: Fire hydrant systems shall be subject to periodic tests as required by the fire code official. Fire hydrant systems shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times and shall be repaired where defective. Additions, repairs, alterations and servicing shall comply with approved standards. When required by the fire code official, hydrants shall be painted in accordance with the most current edition of NFPA 291.

Section 603.6.6 is added to read as follows:

603.6.6 Spark Arresters: An approved spark arrester shall be installed on all chimneys, incinerators, smokestacks or similar devices for conveying smoke or hot gases to the outer air.

Section 901.1.1 is added to read as follows:

901.1.1 Responsibility: The owner of the protected premises shall be responsible for all fire protection systems within the protected premises, whether existing or installed under this code.

Section 901.4 is amended to read as follows:

901.4 Installation: Fire protection systems shall be maintained in accordance with the original installation standards for that system. All systems shall be extended, altered, or augmented as necessary to maintain and continue protection whenever the building is altered, remodeled or added to. Alterations to the fire protection systems shall be done in accordance with applicable standards.

Section 901.4.5 is added to read as follows:

901.4.5 Nonoperational Equipment: Any fire protection equipment that is no longer in service shall be removed.

Section 901.7 is added to read as follows:

901.7 Systems out of Service: Where a required fire protection system is out of service, the fire department and the fire code official shall be notified immediately and, where required by the fire code official, the building shall either be evacuated or an approved fire watch shall be provided for all occupants left unprotected by the shutdown until the fire protection system has been returned to service.

Section 903 is amended to read as follows:

Section 903 – Fire Sprinklers:

Section 903.2 is amended to read as follows:

903.2 Where Required: Approved automatic sprinkler systems shall be provided in all new buildings and structures constructed, moved into or relocated within the jurisdiction.

Exceptions:

(1) Structures not classified as Group R occupancies and not more than 500 square feet in total floor area.

(2) Detached Group U occupancies (private garages, carports, sheds, and agriculture buildings)

The following sections are amended by changing requirements to 500 square feet for fire sprinkler installation, as follows (the complete text of the section is not provided):

903.2.1.1 Group A-1. Change 12,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.1.2 Group A-2. Change 5,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.1.3 Group A-3. Change 12,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.1.4 Group A-4. Change 12,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.1.5 Group A-5. Change 1,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.3 Group E. Change 12,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.4 Group F-1. Change 12,000 square feet to 500 square feet. Change 2,500 square feet for woodworking operations to 500 square feet.

903.2.7-1 Group M. Change 12,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.7-3 Group M. Change 24,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.9 Group S-1. Change 12,000 square feet to 500 square feet.

903.2.9.1 Repair Garages. Change 10,000 square feet (2 story buildings) and 12,000 square feet (1 story buildings) to 500 square feet.

903.2.9.2 Bulk storage of tires. Change 20,000 cubic feet to 500 square feet.

Section 903.2.8 is amended to read as follows:

903.2.8 Group R: An automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3 shall be provided in all buildings with a Group R fire area, including, but not limited to, one-and two-family dwellings, town homes, and manufactured homes and mobile homes located outside of licensed mobile home parks hereafter constructed, moved into or relocated within the jurisdiction, including all additions to buildings already equipped with automatic fire sprinkler systems.

Section 903.2.20 shall be added as follows:

903.2.20 Change of use: Automatic fire sprinklers shall be installed when the occupancy changes from a single occupancy to a mixed-use occupancy which would require the installation of an occupancy separation, or when the occupancy changes from any type of occupancy to Assembly use occupancy.

Section 903.3.1.1.2 is added to read as follows:

903.3.1.1.2 Elevators: Automatic fire sprinklers shall not be installed at the top of passenger elevator hoist ways or in the associated passenger elevator mechanical rooms.

903.3.1.1.2.1 Where automatic fire sprinklers are not installed at the top of passenger elevator hoist ways, heat detectors for the shunt trip mechanism shall not be installed, nor shall smoke detectors for elevator recall be installed.

903.3.1.1.2.2 Where automatic fire sprinklers are not installed in associated elevator mechanical rooms, heat detectors for the shunt trip mechanism shall not be installed. A smoke detector shall be installed for elevator recall.

Section 903.3.1.3 is amended to read as follows:

903.3.1.3 NFPA 13D Sprinkler Systems: Where allowed, automatic sprinkler systems installed in one-and two-family dwellings shall be installed throughout in accordance with NFPA 13D.

903.3.1.3.1 All fire sprinkler systems installed in one-and two-family dwellings shall be tested for leakage by undergoing a hydrostatic test made at 200 psi for two-hour duration.

903.3.1.3.2 Each water system supplying both domestic and fire protection systems shall have a single indicating-type control valve, arranged to shut off both the domestic and sprinkler systems. A separate shut-off valve for the domestic system only shall be permitted to be installed. The location of the control valve shall be approved by the fire code official.

903.3.1.3.6 Local water flow alarms shall be provided on all sprinkler systems. Local water flow alarms shall be powered from the main kitchen refrigerator circuit. The local water flow alarm shall be clearly audible from within the master bedroom at an audibility level of not less than 75 dBa. Where no kitchen exists in the building, the water flow alarm shall be powered from the bathroom lighting circuit.

Section 903.4.1 is amended to read as follows:

903.4.1 Monitoring: Alarm, supervisory and trouble signals shall be distinctly different and shall be automatically transmitted to an approved central station, remote supervising station or proprietary supervising station as defined in NFPA 72-2010, or, when approved by the fire code official, shall sound an audible signal at a constantly attended location.

(Note: Exceptions remain unchanged.)

Section 903.4.2 is amended to read as follows:

903.4.2 Alarms: One exterior approved audible device shall be connected to every automatic sprinkler system in an approved location. Such sprinkler water flow alarm devices shall be activated by water flow equivalent to the flow of a single sprinkler of the smallest orifice size installed in the system. Where a building fire alarm system is installed, actuation of the automatic sprinkler system shall actuate the building fire alarm system.

Section 903.4.3 is amended to read as follows:

903.4.3 Floor Control Valves: Approved indicating control valves and water flow switches shall be provided at the point of connection to the riser on each floor in all buildings over one story in height, and shall be individually annunciated as approved by the fire code official.

Section 903.6 is amended to read as follows:

903.6 Repairs, Alterations, and Additions: In all buildings, except where otherwise provided herein in this Section, where the total floor area exceeds 5,000 square feet, or which are 40 feet or more in height or which are three or more stories in height, they shall be made to comply with the provisions of this Section.

In all buildings where the total floor area exceeds 5,000 square feet, or which are 40 feet or more in height, or which are three or more stories in height, if the repairs or alterations are made exceeding twenty-five percent of the current market value of the building and property as shown in the records of the County Assessor within any 360-day period shall be made to comply with the provisions of this section.

Definitions

Repair: It is the reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing building or structure for the purpose of its maintenance.

Alteration: It is any change, addition, or modification in construction or occupancy.

Exception: Projects where the sole purpose is for seismic upgrade.

Existing Group R, Division 3 buildings to which additions, alterations, or repairs are made that involve the removal or replacement to 50 percent or greater of the linear length of walls of the building (exterior plus interior) within a one-year period shall meet the requirements of new construction or this code.

Section 904.11 is added to existing section.

904.11 Non-Conforming Restaurant Cooking Appliances and Fire Extinguishing Systems: All non-conforming restaurant cooking appliances, hood and duct systems, and fire extinguishing systems found to exist as of the effective date of this Ordinance shall be made to conform to the requirements of this Section within 90 days of notification. It shall thereafter be unlawful for any person to maintain or suffer to be maintained any non-conforming restaurant cooking appliance, hood and duct system or fire extinguishing system on any property owned or controlled by said person within the City of Pacific Grove.

Section 907.7.4 is added to read as follows:

907.7.4 Zone Transmittal: Where required by the fire code official, fire alarm signals shall be transmitted by zone to the supervising station and retransmitted by zone to the public fire service communications center.

Section 907.8.2 is amended to read as follows:

907.8.2 Completion Documents: The following documentation shall be provided at the time of acceptance testing for all fire alarm system installations:

1. A record of completion in accordance with NFPA 72.

2. A contractor’s statement verifying that the system has been installed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications, and has been 100% tested in accordance with NFPA 72.

3. A contractor’s affidavit of personnel qualifications, indicating that all personnel involved with the installation of the fire alarm system meet the qualification requirements of the fire code official.

Section 907.13 is amended to read as follows:

907.13 Access: Access shall be provided to each fire alarm system component for periodic inspection, maintenance and testing.

Section 5704.2.9.6.1 is added to read as follows:

Section 5704.2.9.6.1 Outdoor Storage of Containers and Portable Tanks. Storage of Class I and Class II liquids in aboveground tanks outside of buildings is prohibited within the limits established by law as the limits of districts in which such storage is prohibited except as permitted by the Zoning Ordinance.

Exceptions:

1. For marine fueling operations, a maximum of 2000 gallons of diesel fuel may be stored and dispensed from an above ground tank as approved by the Fire Chief.

2. Storage tanks of 500 gallon maximum capacity may be used only in conjunction with emergency generators as approved by the Fire Chief.

Section 4907.1.1 is added to read as follows:

4907.1.1 Standard Defensible Space Requirements: (FIRE 019) Remove combustible vegetation from within a minimum of 100 feet or to the property line from structures, whichever is closer. Vegetation shall be no taller than four inches (4") high. Limb trees 6 feet up from ground. Remove limbs within 10 feet of chimneys. Additional or alternate fire protection approved by the fire code official may be required to provide reasonable fire safety. Environmentally sensitive areas may require alternative fire protection, to be determined by the fire code official and other jurisdictional authorities.

[Ord. 13-019 § 3, 2013; Ord. 10-029 § 4, 2010; Ord. 09-005 § 24, 2009; Ord. 08-007 §§ 3, 4, 2008; Ord. 99-19 § 2 (Exh. A), 1999].

18.32.020 Establishment and duties of bureau of fire prevention.

(a) The Uniform Fire Code shall be enforced by the bureau of fire prevention which is established and shall be operated under the supervision of the chief of the fire department.

(b) The chief in charge of the bureau of fire prevention shall be appointed by the city manager on the basis of examination to determine his qualifications.

(c) The chief of the fire department may detail such members of the fire department as inspectors as shall from time to time be necessary. The chief of the fire department shall recommend to the city manager the employment of technical inspectors, who, when such authorization is made, shall be selected through an examination to determine their fitness for the position. The examination shall be open to members of the fire department, and appointments made after examination shall be for an indefinite term with removal only for cause. [Ord. 99-19 § 2 (Exh. A), 1999].

18.32.030 Storage limits for explosives, flammable and combustible liquids, and liquefied petroleum gas.

(a) Except as excepted, the limits referred to in Articles 77, 79, 80, and 82 of the Uniform Fire Code, in which the storage of explosives and blasting agents, flammable or combustible liquids, and storage of liquefied petroleum gas, is prohibited, are established as the city limits, as all such storage is prohibited within the city.

Exceptions:

(1) Crankcase oil may be stored in aboveground tanks having a capacity of 500 gallons or less at commercial automotive repair garages, service stations and other repair facilities for motor vehicles. Such tanks shall be subject to the approval of the fire chief.

(2) Aboveground tanks having a capacity of 1,000 gallons or less may be maintained for the disposal of Class I, II, or III flammable liquids in the city corporation yard and in other city facilities. Such tanks shall be subject to the approval of the fire chief.

(3) Portable liquefied petroleum gas tanks with a capacity of 10 gallons or less. [Ord. 99-26, 1999; Ord. 99-19 § 2 (Exh. A), 1999].

18.32.040 Appeals.

Whenever the chief of the fire department shall disapprove an application or refuse to grant a permit applied for, or when it is claimed that the provisions of the code do not apply or that the true intent and meaning of the code have been misconstrued or wrongly interpreted, the applicant may appeal the decision of the fire chief to the city manager within 30 days from the date of the decision appealed. [Ord. 99-19 § 2 (Exh. A), 1999].

18.32.050 New materials, processes or occupancies which may require permits.

The city manager, the chief of the fire department and the chief of the fire prevention bureau shall act as a committee to determine and specify, after giving affected persons an opportunity to be heard, any new materials, processes or occupancies, which shall require permits, in addition to those now enumerated in the code. The chief of the fire prevention bureau shall post such list in a conspicuous place in his office, and distribute copies to interested persons. [Ord. 99-19 § 2 (Exh. A), 1999].

18.32.060 Penalties.

(a) Any person who violates any of the provisions of this chapter or the code hereby adopted or fails to comply therewith, or who violates or fails to comply with any order made thereunder, or who builds in violation of any detailed statement of specifications or plans submitted and approved thereunder, or any certificate or permit issued thereunder, and from which no appeal has been taken or who fails to comply with such an order as affirmed or modified by the fire chief or by a court of competent jurisdiction, within the time fixed herein, shall severally, for each and every such violation and noncompliance respectively, be guilty of a misdemeanor, and may be prosecuted pursuant to Chapter 1.16 PGMC. The imposition of one penalty for any violation shall not excuse the violation or permit it to continue; and all such persons shall be required to correct or remedy such violations or defects within a reasonable time; and when not otherwise specified, each 10 days that prohibited conditions are maintained shall constitute a separate offense.

(b) The application of the above penalty shall not be held to prevent the enforced removal of prohibited conditions. [Ord. 09-005 § 25, 2009; Ord. 08-006 § 74, 2008; Ord. 99-19 § 2 (Exh. A), 1999].

18.32.070 Fees.

Fees for services provided under the terms of this chapter shall be as established by resolution of the council. [Ord. 99-19 § 2 (Exh. A), 1999].

18.32.080 Very high fire hazard severity zone.

This section shall be known as the very high fire hazard severity zone (VHFHSZ) regulations and is adopted pursuant to the requirements of Government Code Sections 51175 through 51189. The area described as a VHFHSZ has been recommended by the Director of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. The city of Pacific Grove VHFHSZ is designated on a map titled “Pacific Grove VHFHSZ” dated July 22, 2008, and retained on file at the city of Pacific Grove and which shall also be retained on file at the office of the State Fire Marshal. Whenever a more restrictive standard is set forth on any of the city’s codes or state law, the more restrictive standard shall apply in all cases. [Ord. 09-008 § 2, 2009].


1

    For statutory provisions, see California Government Code 38600 et seq. For provisions regarding the fire department see Chapter 4.08 PGMC.