Chapter 17.100


17.100.010    Definitions, “A.”

17.100.020    Definitions, “B.”

17.100.030    Definitions, “C.”

17.100.040    Definitions, “D.”

17.100.050    Definitions, “E.”

17.100.060    Definitions, “F.”

17.100.070    Definitions, “G.”

17.100.080    Definitions, “H.”

17.100.090    Definitions, “I.”

17.100.100    Definitions, “J.”

17.100.110    Definitions, “K.”

17.100.120    Definitions, “L.”

17.100.130    Definitions, “M.”

17.100.140    Definitions, “N.”

17.100.150    Definitions, “O.”

17.100.160    Definitions, “P.”

17.100.170    Definitions, “Q.”

17.100.180    Definitions, “R.”

17.100.190    Definitions, “S.”

17.100.200    Definitions, “T.”

17.100.210    Definitions, “U.”

17.100.220    Definitions, “V.”

17.100.230    Definitions, “W.”

17.100.240    Definitions, “X.”

17.100.250    Definitions, “Y.”

17.100.260    Definitions, “Z.”

17.100.010 Definitions, “A.”

“Accessory” means clearly subordinate or incidental and directly related to a permitted use or structure. “Accessory use” includes active or passive solar heating systems and cogeneration facilities.

“Accessory structures” are located upon the same site as the structure or use to which they are accessory. Accessory structures may consist of detached structures or additions to primary structures. The use of an accessory structure is incidental and subordinate to the use of the principal structure, or to the principal land use of the site. “Accessory structures” that include habitable space, as defined by the California Building Code, shall be no larger than four hundred fifty square feet. Accessory structures shall comply with the requirements of Section 17.21.030.

“Airport” means an area approved by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for the take-off and landing of aircraft, including appurtenant areas for airport buildings, aircraft operations, and related facilities, aprons and taxiways, control towers, hangars, safety lights, navigation and air traffic control facilities and structures. These may also include facilities for aircraft manufacturing, maintenance, repair, and reconditioning. Where approved, an airport may also include aircraft sales and dealerships, car rental establishments, gift shops, hotels and motels, personal services, restaurants and bars, tobacco and newsstands, and other similar commercial uses serving the air-traveling public and airport employees.

“Ambient entertainment” means acoustic or recorded music, or live readings of books or poetry, which is clearly incidental, that allows for normal conversation levels, and for which no cover fee or ticket is required.

“Ambulance, taxi, or limousine dispatch facility” means a base facility from which taxis and limousines are dispatched, and/or where ambulance vehicles and crews stand by for emergency calls. Does not include a dispatch office facility on a site separate from the location where the vehicles used by the business are parked or stored between calls, which is instead included under the definition of “office – production or administration.”

“Antenna/telecommunications facility” means public, commercial and private electromagnetic and photoelectrical transmission, broadcast, repeater and receiving stations for radio, television, telegraph, telephone, data network, and wireless communications, including commercial earth stations for satellite-based communications. Includes antennas, commercial satellite dish antennas, and equipment buildings. Does not include telephone, telegraph and cable television transmission facilities utilizing hard-wired or direct cable connections.

“Arbors” and “trellises” are ornamental landscape features designed to display and support landscape plantings. They typically consist of an open, lattice-work design constructed of wood, metal, or other lightweight material.

“Auto and vehicle sales/rental” means a retail establishment selling and/or renting automobiles, trucks and vans, motorcycles, and bicycles (bicycle sales are also included under “general retail”). May also include repair shops and the sales of parts and accessories, incidental to vehicle dealerships. Does not include the sale of auto parts/accessories separate from a vehicle dealership (see “auto parts sales”); mobile home, recreational vehicle, or watercraft sales (see “mobile home, RV and boat sales”); tire recapping establishments (see “vehicle services”); businesses dealing exclusively in used parts, (see “recycling – scrap and dismantling yards”); or “service stations,” which are separately defined.

“Auto parts sales” means a store that sells new automobile parts, tires, and accessories. May also include minor parts installation (see also “vehicle services”). Does not include tire recapping establishments, which are found under “vehicle services” or businesses dealing exclusively in used parts, which are included under “recycling – scrap and dismantling yards.”

“Automated teller machine (ATM)” means a computerized, self-service machine used by banking customers for financial transactions, including deposits, withdrawals and fund transfers, without face-to-face contact with financial institution personnel. These machines may be located at or within banks, or in other locations. (Ord. 1606 § 3, 2014; Ord. 1591 §§ 3, 4, 2013; Ord. 1553 § 26, 2010; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009: Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.020 Definitions, “B.”

“Bakery, retail” means an establishment primarily engaged in the retail sale of baked products. The products may be prepared either on or off site.

“Bakery, wholesale” means a place for preparing, cooking, baking, and selling of products for off-premises distribution. Over the counter or other retail dispensing of baked goods on premises is prohibited.

“Banks” and “financial services” means financial institutions including:

A. Banks and trust companies;

B. Credit unions;

C. Holding (but not primarily operating) companies;

D. Home loan services;

E. Lending and thrift institutions;

F. Mortgage brokers;

G. Other investment companies;

H. Securities/commodity contract brokers and dealers;

I. Security and commodity exchanges;

J. Vehicle finance (equity) leasing.

See also “automated teller machine (ATM).”

“Bar/tavern” means a business where alcoholic beverages are sold for on-site consumption, which is not part of a larger restaurant. Includes bars, taverns, pubs, and similar establishments where any food service is subordinate to the sale of alcoholic beverages. May also include beer brewing as part of a microbrewery, and other beverage tasting facilities. Does not include adult entertainment businesses.

“Bed and breakfast inn (B&B)” means a building or group of buildings providing fifteen or fewer bedrooms or suites that are rented for overnight lodging, with a common eating area for guests. Does not include room rental, which is separately defined (see “boarding/rooming house”).

“Bedroom” means any space in a dwelling unit which contains a minimum of seventy square feet of floor area unless it is one of the below listed rooms or common spaces. The “bedroom” definition does not include garages, attic space, or similar spaces which are not habitable such as foyers, storage closets, utility rooms, or unfinished attics and basements.

The following rooms/common spaces which are adjacent and open to common areas are not considered bedrooms:


Den (see definition, Section 17.100.040)


Loft (see definition for requirements, Section 17.100.120)

Kitchen/breakfast nook

Laundry room

Living room, family room, dining room


The director shall determine whether spaces which do not clearly meet the definition of a “bedroom” meet the intent of this regulation or need to be forwarded to the planning commission for use permit review.

Spaces (i.e., not bedrooms) established prior to August 14, 2014, using the previous bedroom definition (greater than or equal to fifty percent open wall area with an adjoining room) may remain and will not be considered bedrooms consistent with floor plans approved with a building permit.

“Block front” means all the properties fronting on one side of a street, between intersecting streets or a street and a railroad, waterway, cul-de-sac, or unsubdivided land.

“Boarding/rooming house” means a dwelling or part of a dwelling where lodging is furnished for compensation to more than three persons living independently from each other. Meals may also be included. Does not include fraternities, sororities, convents, or monasteries, which are separately defined.

“Building” means any structure used or intended for sheltering or supporting any use or occupancy.

“Building and landscape materials sales” means retail establishments selling hardware, lumber and other large building materials, where most display and sales occur indoors. Includes paint, wallpaper, glass and fixtures. Includes all these stores selling to the general public, even if contractor sales account for a major proportion of total sales. Establishments primarily selling electrical, plumbing, heating, and air conditioning equipment and supplies are classified in “wholesaling and distribution.”

“Building envelope” (see also “development envelope” and “coverage”) is the three-dimensional space enclosed by the exterior surfaces of a building or structure.

“Building footprint” is that portion of a lot covered by a building or structure measured at the surface level, measured on a horizontal plane.

“Business support service” means an establishment within a building that provides services to other businesses. Examples of these services include:

A. Blueprinting;

B. Computer-related services (rental, repair);

C. Copying and quick printing services;

D. Film processing and photofinishing (retail);

E. Mailing and mail box services;

F. Outdoor advertising services;

G. Protective services (other than office related);

H. Security systems services. (Ord. 1606 § 4, 2014; Ord. 1553 § 27, 2010; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009: Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.030 Definitions, “C.”

“Caretaker dwelling” means a permanent residence that is secondary or accessory to the primary use of the property, and used for housing a caretaker employed on the site of any nonresidential use where needed for security purposes or to provide twenty-four-hour care or monitoring of people, plants, animals, equipment, or other conditions on the site.

“Catering service” means an establishment that serves and supplies food to be consumed off premises.

“Cemetery,” “mausoleum,” or “columbarium” means interment establishments engaged in subdividing property into cemetery lots and offering burial plots or air space for sale. Includes mausoleum, crematorium, and columbarium operations; and full-service mortuaries and funeral parlors accessory to a cemetery or columbarium.

“Club,” “lodge,” or “private meeting hall” means permanent, headquarters-type and meeting facilities for organizations operating on a membership basis for the promotion of the interests of the members, including facilities for:

A. Business associations;

B. Civic, social and fraternal organizations;

C. Labor unions and similar organizations;

D. Political organizations;

E. Professional membership organizations;

F. Other membership organizations.

“Commercial recreation facility – indoor” means establishments providing indoor amusement and entertainment services for a fee or admission charge, including:

A. Bowling alleys;

B. Coin-operated amusement arcades;

C. Electronic game arcades;

D. Ice skating and roller skating;

E. Pool and billiard rooms as primary uses.

This use does not include adult entertainment businesses, or night clubs, which are separately defined. Four or more electronic games or coin-operated amusements in any establishment, or a premises where fifty percent or more of the floor area is occupied by amusement devices, are considered an electronic game arcade as described above, three or less machines are not considered a land use separate from the primary use of the site.

“Commercial recreation facility – outdoor” means facilities for various outdoor recreational activities, where a fee is charged for use. Examples include:

A. Amusement and theme parks;

B. Fairgrounds;

C. Go-cart tracks;

D. Golf driving ranges;

E. Miniature golf courses;

F. Roller skating, hockey, skateboarding;

G. Water slides.

May also include commercial facilities customarily associated with the above outdoor commercial recreational uses, including bars and restaurants, video game arcades, etc.

“Community garden” means a site used for growing plants for food, fiber, herbs, flowers, and others, which is shared and maintained by community residents.

“Construction/heavy equipment sales and rental” means retail establishments selling or renting construction, farm, or other heavy equipment. Examples include cranes, earth moving equipment, tractors, combines, and other motorized farming equipment, heavy trucks, etc.

“Convalescent hospital” means any place, structure, or institution providing for skilled nursing and allied professional health care, or for chronic or convalescent care for one or more persons, exclusive of relatives, in which nursing, dietary or other personal services are rendered to convalescents, invalids, or aged persons, who, by reason of advanced age, chronic illness, or physical infirmity are unable to properly care for themselves, but not including persons suffering from contagious or mental diseases, alcoholism, or drug addiction, and in which surgery is not performed and primary treatment, such as customarily is given in hospitals or sanitariums, is not provided. Convalescent hospital includes “nursing home” but does not include “rest home,” “hospital,” or “residential care facility.”

“Convenience store” means a retail establishment with not more than four thousand five hundred square feet of gross floor area, offering for sale prepackaged food products, household items, newspapers and magazines, and sandwiches and other freshly prepared foods, such as salads, for off-site consumption. Sale of alcoholic beverages is limited to beer and wine only (ABC License Type 20).

“Convent” or “monastery” means a housing facility where residents are limited to members of a specific religious order.

“Coverage” means the area of a structure on or above the ground including upper level projections and living areas, as well as covered or uncovered decks, balconies, porches and similar architectural features expressed as a percentage of the total lot area. Uncovered decks, balconies, and porches which are thirty inches or less from the ground shall not be included in the determination of coverage. See Figures 5 and 6 in Section 17.16.030. Roof eaves which project thirty inches or less from the structure are not included in the determination of coverage. For roof eaves which exceed thirty inches from the structure, the first thirty inches shall not be included in lot coverage and the remaining length shall be included in the determination of coverage.

“Creek” is a waterway or portion of waterway designated as a creek on the open space element creek map. A drainage ditch, concrete swale, underground culvert, or storm drain (as indicated on the creek map) is not a creek. Creeks located outside the urban reserve line are as designated by the USGS 7.5 Minute series quadrangle maps or San Luis Obispo County data.

“Crop production” means commercial agricultural production field and orchard uses, including the production of the following or similar, primarily in the soil on the site and not in containers:

Field crops;

Flowers and seeds;




Ornamental crops;

Tree nuts;

Trees and sod;


Wine and table grapes.

Also includes associated crop preparation services and harvesting activities, such as mechanical soil preparation, irrigation system construction, spraying, and crop processing, not including sales sheds, which are instead defined under “produce stand.” Does not include greenhouses or containerized crop production which are instead defined under “greenhouse/plant nursery, commercial.” Does not include noncommercial home gardening, which is allowed as an accessory residential use allowed without city approval. (Ord. 1591 §§ 12, 13, 2013; Ord. 1578 § 6, 2012; Ord. 1553 § 28, 2010; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.040 Definitions, “D.”

“Day care” means facilities that provide nonmedical care and supervision of adults or minor children for periods of less than twenty-four hours. These facilities include the following, all of which are required to be licensed by the California State Department of Social Services:

A. “Child day care center” means a commercial or nonprofit child day care facility designed and approved to accommodate fifteen or more children. Includes infant centers, preschools, sick-child centers, and school-age day care facilities. These may be operated in conjunction with a school or church facility, or as an independent land use.

B. “Large family day care home” means as provided by Health and Safety Code Section 1596.78, a home that regularly provides care, protection, and supervision for seven to fourteen children, inclusive, including children under the age of ten years who reside in the home, for periods of less than twenty-four hours per day, while the parents or guardians are away.

C. “Small family day care home” means as provided by Health and Safety Code Section 1596.78, a home that provides family day care for eight or fewer children, including children under the age of ten years who reside in the home.

D. “Adult day care facility” means a day care facility providing care and supervision for adult clients.

“Demolition” means the act of reconstructing, removing, taking down or destroying all or portions of an existing building or structure, or making extensive repairs or modifications to an existing building or structure, if such changes involve removal or replacement of fifty percent or more of both the structural framing and cladding or of the exterior walls within a twenty-four-month period. When determining whether a building or structure is demolished, the following applies:

A. The nonconforming portions of any wall is counted as removed or taken down, even when retention of these portions is proposed.

B. Any continuous run of remaining exterior wall surfaces measuring ten feet or less in length are counted as removed or replaced.

“Den” (or “family room”) means a room which is open on at least one side, does not contain a wardrobe, closet or similar facility, and which is not designed for sleeping. (See also “loft” definition.)

“Development envelope” (see also “building envelope” and “coverage”) means that area on a lot that encompasses all development including but not limited to excavation, fill, grading, storage, demolition, structures, building heights, decks, roof overhangs, porches, patios, terraces, pools, and any areas of disturbance including access ways and parking. Approved plantings of landscape materials on natural grade and approved walkways and driveways may occur outside of a development envelope.

“Director” means the director of the community development department, or someone designated by him or her to act on his or her behalf.

“Dormitory” means a building used as group quarters for students, as an accessory use for a college, university, boarding school, or other similar institutional use.

“Drive-through facility” means one in which vehicles line up for service at definite spots and where customers are served without leaving their vehicles.

“Dwelling” means a building or mobile home on a permanent foundation with provisions for sleeping, cooking and sanitation, and with permanent connections to utilities, providing independent living space for owner occupancy, rental, or lease on a monthly or longer basis. (Ord. 1591 § 5, 2013; Ord. 1553 § 29, 2010; Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.050 Definitions, “E.”

“Educational facilities” includes the following:

A. “Adult school,” “business school” or “trade school” means a professional, recreational or vocational school providing a continuous program of instruction primarily for adults, as a business.

B. “College” means a facility providing a continuous academic program primarily for students seventeen years of age or older.

C “Elementary school” means a facility providing a continuous program of instruction for students generally aged five through twelve.

D. “High school” means a facility providing a continuous program of instruction for students generally aged sixteen through eighteen.

E. “Junior high school” means a facility providing a continuous program of instruction for students generally aged thirteen through fifteen.

F.  “Nursery school and preschool.” See “day care.”

“Electronic game” means a coin-operated machine or device offered to the public as a game or amusement, the object of which is to achieve a high or low score based on the skill of the player.

“Electronic game amusement center” means any premises having thereon available four or more electronic games, when the games are a primary good or service offered by the establishment. See also Chapter 5.52, Electronic Game Amusement Centers.

“Existing topography” means the natural unaltered topography or the topography resulting from grading activity legally permitted in conjunction with subdivision improvements, right-of-way improvements, or previous on-site building improvements.

“Extended hour retail” means a business that is open to the public between the hours of two a.m. and six a.m. (Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.060 Definitions, “F.”

“Festival” (or “carnival” or “fair”) means a temporary public or commercial gathering where entertainment, food, crafts, and the like are offered for viewing or sale. Gatherings on public property under the sponsorship or control of the city are excluded.

“Fitness/health facility” means fitness centers, gymnasiums, health and athletic clubs including any of the following: indoor sauna, spa or hot tub facilities; indoor tennis, handball, racquetball, archery and shooting ranges and other indoor sports activities.

“Floor area ratio” means the gross floor area of a building or buildings on a lot divided by the lot area.

“Food bank/packaged food distribution center” means a use where goods are received and/or stored for delivery to the ultimate customer.

“Fraternity house” (or “sorority house”) means a residence for college or university students who are members of a social or educational association which is affiliated and in good standing with California Polytechnic State University and where such an association holds meetings or gatherings.

“Front yard” means the area of a residential lot that lies between the street property line and the walls of any residences that face the street. The front yard area includes the entire yard extending across the full width of a site, the depth of which contains all areas between the front property line back to the walls of the building which are parallel or generally face the front property line.

“Fuel dealer” means a retail trade establishment that sells fuel oil, butane, propane and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), bottled or in bulk, to consumers, as the primary use of the site. Does not include the sale of these fuels as an accessory use to a service station.

“Furniture/fixtures manufacturing” or “cabinet shop” means manufacturers producing wood and metal household furniture and appliances; bedsprings and mattresses; all types of office furniture and public building furniture and partitions, shelving, lockers and store furniture; and miscellaneous drapery hardware, window blinds and shades. Includes wood and cabinet shops, but not sawmills or planing mills, which are instead included under “manufacturing – heavy.”

“Furniture, furnishings and appliance store” means a store that primarily sells the following products and related services, that may also provide incidental repair services:

A. Computers and computer equipment;

B. Draperies;

C. Floor coverings;

D. Furniture;

E. Glass and chinaware;

F. Home appliances;

G. Home furnishings;

H. Home sound systems;

I. Interior decorating materials and services;

J. Large musical instruments;

K. Lawn furniture;

L. Movable spas and hot tubs;

M. Office furniture;

N. Other household electrical and gas appliances;

O. Outdoor furniture;

P. Refrigerators;

Q. Stoves;

R. Televisions. (Ord. 1579 § 8, 2012; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009: Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.070 Definitions, “G.”

“General retail” means stores and shops selling many lines of merchandise. Examples of these stores and lines of merchandise include:

A. Art galleries, retail;

B. Artists’ supplies;

C. Auction rooms;

D. Bicycles (also included under auto and vehicle sales);

E. Books;

F. Cameras and photographic supplies;

G. Clothing and accessories;

H. Collectibles (cards, coins, comics, stamps, etc.);

I. Department stores;

J. Drug and discount stores;

K. Dry goods;

L. Fabrics and sewing supplies;

M. Florists and houseplant stores (indoor sales only, outdoor sales are “building and landscape materials sales”);

N. Hobby materials;

O. Jewelry;

P. Luggage and leather goods;

Q. Musical instruments, parts and accessories;

R. Orthopedic supplies;

S. Religious goods;

T. Small wares;

U. Specialty shops;

V. Sporting goods and equipment;

W. Stationery;

X. Toys and games;

Y. Variety store.

“Golf course” means golf courses, and accessory facilities and uses including clubhouses with bar and restaurant, locker and shower facilities; driving ranges; pro shops for on-site sales of golfing equipment; and golf cart storage and sales facilities.

“Grazing” means the keeping of hoofed animals where food grown on the premises is the principal food of the livestock.

“Greenhouse/plant nursery, commercial” means a commercial agricultural establishment engaged in the production of ornamental plants and other nursery products, grown under cover either in containers or in the soil on the site, or outdoors in containers. The outdoor production of ornamental plants in the soil on the site is instead included under “crop production.” Also includes establishments engaged in the sale of these products (e.g., wholesale and retail nurseries) and commercial-scale greenhouses (home greenhouses are accessory residential uses).

“Grocery store and specialty foods” means a retail business where the majority of the floor area open to the public is occupied by food products packaged for preparation and off-site consumption.

“Gross floor area” means the total area enclosed within a building, including closets, stairways, and utility and mechanical rooms, measured from the inside face of the walls.

“Guest quarters” means a separate accessory space, attached or detached, which contains bathroom facilities including toilets, bathing facilities, showers, or sinks but does not contain a kitchen (see “kitchen” definition in Section 17.100.110). Guest quarters may only be used in conjunction with a primary residence that contains a kitchen, and may consist of detached structures or additions to primary structures. Guest quarters shall be no larger than four hundred fifty square feet. Guest quarters shall comply with the requirements of Section 17.21.020. (Ord. 1606 § 5, 2014; Ord. 1591 § 14, 2013; Ord. 1578 § 7, 2012; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009: Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.080 Definitions, “H.”

“Hedge” means a barrier or boundary formed by a dense row of shrubs or low trees.

“Heliport” means a designated, marked area on the ground or the top of a structure where helicopters may land at any time.

“High occupancy residential use” means any dwelling other than a residential care facility as defined in Section 17.100.180 of this code, in the R-1 or R-2 zones when the occupancy of the dwelling consists of six or more adults.

“Home occupation” means the conduct of a business within a dwelling unit or residential site, employing only the occupants of the dwelling, with the business activity being subordinate to the residential use of the property.

“Homeless shelter” means a church, public building, or quasi-public facility that provides emergency or temporary shelter for more than thirty-one days in any six-month period to homeless individuals and/or groups. These accommodations may include temporary lodging, meals, laundry facilities, bathing, counseling, and other basic support services.

“Hospital” means a facility housing and providing a full range of medical care, including acute care, for patients who require such care on the premises.

“Hostel” means inexpensive lodging that caters primarily, but not exclusively, to travelers who arrive by bicycle, train, or other nonautomotive vehicles.

“Hotel” or “motel” means a facility with guest rooms or suites, with or without kitchen facilities, rented to the general public for transient lodging. Hotels typically include a variety of services in addition to lodging; for example, restaurants, meeting facilities, personal services, etc. Also includes accessory guest facilities such as swimming pools, tennis courts, indoor athletic facilities, accessory retail uses, etc. (Ord. 1571 § 20, 2012; Ord. 1553 § 30, 2010; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.090 Definitions, “I.”

“Impervious surface” means a surface that is incapable of being penetrated by water.

“Industrial research and development (R&D)” means a facility for scientific research, and the design, development and testing of electrical, electronic, magnetic, optical and computer and telecommunications components in advance of product manufacturing, and the assembly of related products from parts produced off-site, where the manufacturing activity is secondary to the research and development activities. Includes pharmaceutical, chemical and biotechnology research and development. Does not include soils and other materials testing laboratories (see “laboratory – medical, analytical, research, testing”), or medical laboratories (see “medical service – clinic, laboratory, urgent care”). (Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.100 Definitions, “J.”


17.100.110 Definitions, “K.”

“Kitchen” means an area within any structure including one or more of the following facilities that are capable of being used for the preparation or cooking of food: ovens/microwave ovens, stoves, hotplates, refrigerators exceeding six cubic feet, dishwashers, garbage disposals, sinks having a drain outlet of larger than one and one-half inches in diameter, and cabinets, counter space, or other areas for storing food. (Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007)

17.100.120 Definitions, “L.”

“Laboratory – medical, analytical, research, testing” means a facility for testing, analysis, and/or research. Examples of this use include medical labs, soils and materials testing labs, and forensic labs. This type of facility is distinguished from industrial research and development in its orientation more toward testing and analysis than product development or prototyping; an industrial research and development facility may typically include this type of lab. The “medical lab” subset of this land use type is oriented more toward specimen analysis and processing than direct blood drawing and specimen collection from patients (see “medical service – clinic, laboratory, urgent care”), but may also include incidental specimen collection.

“Laundries” and “dry cleaning plants” means service establishments engaged primarily in high volume laundry and garment services, including carpet and upholstery cleaners; diaper services; dry cleaning and garment pressing; commercial laundries; linen supply. These facilities may include accessory customer pick-up facilities. These facilities do not include coin-operated laundries or dry cleaning pick-up stores without dry cleaning equipment; see “personal services.”

“Libraries” and “museums” means public or quasi-public facilities, examples of which include aquariums, arboretums, art galleries and exhibitions, botanical gardens, historic sites and exhibits, libraries, museums, planetariums, and zoos. May also include accessory retail uses such as a gift/book shop, restaurant, etc.

“Liquor store/alcohol sales” means any business selling alcoholic beverages as a primary use, including beer, wine, distilled spirits, or hard liquor, or any other alcoholic beverages. Liquor/alcohol sales does not include grocery stores, convenience stores, warehouse stores, or other alcohol sales authorized as part of an off-site wine tasting room or food and beverage product manufacturing.

“Live/work unit” and “work/live unit” mean an integrated housing unit and working space, occupied and utilized by a single household in a structure, either single-family or multifamily, that has been designed or structurally modified to accommodate joint residential occupancy and work activity, and which includes:

A. Complete kitchen space and sanitary facilities in compliance with the city building code; and

B. Working space reserved for and regularly used by one or more occupants of the unit.

The difference between live/work and work/live units is that the “work” component of a live/work unit is secondary to its residential use, and may include only commercial activities and pursuits that are compatible with the character of a quiet residential environment, while the work component of a work/live unit is the primary use, to which the residential component is secondary.

“Loft” or “mezzanine” means a partial or intermediate level of a building interior containing floor area without enclosing interior walls or partitions and not separated or partitioned from the floor level below or access way (stairs and/or landing) leading to the loft from the floor below by a wall or any other partitions. Spaces designated as lofts which do not fully conform to this definition shall be deemed a “bedroom.” (See also Section 17.100.020.)

“Lot” means:

A. A parcel of real property with a distinct designation delineated on an approved survey map, tract map, or parcel map filed in the office of the county recorder and abutting at least one public street; or

B. A parcel of real property containing at least the area required for the zone district in which it is located, abutting at least one public street or other access approved by the council, and held under separate ownership from adjoining property. (Ord. 1591 § 6, 2013; Ord. 1578 § 8, 2012; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.130 Definitions, “M.”

“Maintenance service” and “client site services” mean base facilities for various businesses that provide services on the premises of their clients. Includes gardening, janitorial, pest control, water and smoke damage recovery, and similar services; and appliance, computer, electronics, elevator, equipment, HVAC, instrument, plumbing, and other maintenance and repair services not operating from a retail establishment that sells the products being maintained or repaired. When these services operate from a retail establishment that sells the products being maintained or repaired, they are instead considered part of the retail use. Does not include office-only facilities with no storage of the equipment and/or vehicles used by the service, which are included under “office – production and administrative.”

“Manufacturing – heavy” means a facility accommodating manufacturing processes that involve and/or produce basic metals, building materials, chemicals, fabricated metals, paper products, machinery, textiles, and/or transportation equipment, where the intensity and/or scale of operations may cause impacts on surrounding land uses or the community. Examples of heavy manufacturing uses include the following:

A. “Chemical product manufacturing” means an establishment that produces or uses basic chemicals, and other establishments creating products predominantly by chemical processes. Examples of these products include basic chemicals, including acids, alkalies, salts, and organic chemicals; chemical products to be used in further manufacture, including synthetic fibers, plastic materials, dry colors, and pigments; and finished chemical products to be used for ultimate consumption, including drugs/pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and soaps; or to be used as materials or supplies in other industries including paints, fertilizers, and explosives. Also includes sales and transportation establishments handling the chemicals described above, except as part of retail trade.

B. “Concrete, gypsum, and plaster product manufacturing” means an establishment that produces bulk concrete, concrete building block, brick, and/or other types of precast and prefabricated concrete products. Also includes ready-mix concrete batch plants, lime manufacturing, and the manufacture of gypsum products, including plasterboard. A retail ready-mix concrete operation as an incidental use in conjunction with a building materials outlet is defined under “building and landscape materials sales.”

C. “Glass product manufacturing” means an establishment that manufactures glass and/or glass products by melting silica sand or cullet, including the production of flat glass and other glass products that are pressed, blown, or shaped from glass produced in the same establishment. Artisan and craftsman type operations of a larger scale than home occupations are instead included under “manufacturing – light – handcraft industries, small-scale manufacturing.”

D. “Lumber and wood product manufacturing” means manufacturing, processing, and sales involving the milling of forest products to produce rough and finished lumber and other wood materials for use in other manufacturing, craft, or construction processes. Includes the following processes and products:

1. Containers, pallets and skids;

2. Matches (wood);

3. Milling operations;

4. Trusses and structural beams;

5. Turning and shaping of wood products;

6. Wholesaling of basic wood products;

7. Wood product assembly.

Does not include craft-type shops (“handcraft industries and small-scale manufacturing”); other wood and cabinet shops (“furniture and fixture manufacturing, cabinet shops”); or the entirely indoor retail sale of building materials, construction tools and equipment (“building and landscape materials sales”).

E. “Machinery manufacturing” means an establishment that makes or processes raw materials into finished machines or parts for machines. Does not include the manufacture of electronics, equipment, or appliances (“electronics, equipment, and appliance manufacturing”).

F. “Metal products fabrication, machine and welding shops” means establishments engaged in the production and/or assembly of metal parts, including the production of metal cabinets and enclosures, cans and shipping containers, doors and gates, duct work, forgings and stampings, hardware and tools, plumbing fixtures and products, tanks, towers, and similar products. Examples of these uses include:

1. Blacksmith and welding shops;

2. Plating, stripping, and coating shops;

3. Sheet metal shops;

4. Machine shops and boiler shops.

G. “Motor vehicles and transportation equipment” means manufacturers of equipment for transporting passengers and cargo by land, air and water, including motor vehicles, aircraft, spacecraft, ships, boats, railroad and other vehicles such as motorcycles, bicycles and snowmobiles. Includes manufacture of motor vehicle parts and accessories; trailers and campers for attachment to other vehicles; self-contained motor homes; and van conversions. Does not include mobile home and modular home assembly (listed under “lumber and wood product manufacturing”).

H. “Paving and roofing materials manufacturing” means the manufacture of various common paving and petroleum-based roofing materials, including bulk asphalt, paving blocks made of asphalt, creosote wood, and various compositions of asphalt and tar. Does not include the manufacture of wood roofing materials (shingles, shakes, etc.) (“lumber and wood product manufacturing”).

I. “Petroleum refining and related industries” means industrial plants for purifying petroleum, and the compounding of lubricating oils and greases from purchased materials. Also includes oil or gas processing facilities, liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities, the manufacture of petroleum coke and fuel briquettes, tank farms, and terminal facilities for pipelines. Does not include petroleum pipeline surge tanks and pump stations (“public utility facilities”), or petroleum product distributors (“petroleum product storage and distribution”).

J. “Plastics, other synthetics, and rubber product manufacturing” means the manufacture of rubber products including tires, rubber footwear, mechanical rubber goods, heels and soles, flooring, and other rubber products from natural, synthetic, or reclaimed rubber. Also includes establishments engaged primarily in manufacturing tires; products from recycled or reclaimed plastics or styrofoam; molding primary plastics for other manufacturers, manufacturing miscellaneous finished plastics products, fiberglass manufacturing, and fiberglass application services. Does not include establishments engaged primarily in recapping and retreading automobile tires (“vehicle services – major repair/body work”).

K. “Primary metal industries” means establishments engaged in the smelting and refining of ferrous and nonferrous metals from ore, pig, or scrap; the rolling, drawing, and alloying of metals; the manufacture of castings, forgings, stampings, extrusions, and other basic metal products; and the manufacturing of nails, spikes, and insulated wire and cable. Also includes merchant blast furnaces and byproduct or beehive coke ovens.

L. “Pulp and pulp product manufacturing” means an establishment that manufactures pulp, paper, or paperboard. Includes pulp, paper, and paperboard mills. Does not include establishments primarily engaged in converting paper or paperboard without manufacturing the paper or paperboard, including envelope manufacturing, converted paper products, paper coating and glazing, paper bags, assembly of paperboard boxes, wallpaper (“manufacturing, light manufacturing, paper product manufacturing”).

M. “Stone and cut stone product manufacturing” means an establishment that cuts, shapes, and/or finishes marble, granite, slate, and/or other stone for construction and miscellaneous uses. Does not include establishments engaged primarily in buying or selling partly finished monuments and tombstones (“handcraft industries, small-scale manufacturing”).

N. “Structural clay and pottery product manufacturing” means an establishment that produces brick and structural clay products, including pipe, china plumbing fixtures, vitreous china articles, and/or fine earthenware and porcelain products. Does not include artist/craftsman uses (see “handcraft industries, small-scale manufacturing,” “home occupations”).

O. “Textile and leather product manufacturing” means an establishment that converts basic fibers (natural or synthetic) into a product, including yarn or fabric, that can be further manufactured into usable items (“fabric product manufacturing”), and industries that transform hides into leather by tanning or curing. Includes:

1. Coating, waterproofing, or otherwise treating fabric;

2. Dressed and dyed furs;

3. Dying and finishing fiber, yarn, fabric, and knit apparel;

4. Leather – tanned, curried, and finished;

5. Manufacture of knit apparel and other finished products from yarn;

6. Manufacture of felt goods, lace goods, nonwoven fabrics and miscellaneous textiles;

7. Manufacturing of woven fabric, carpets, and rugs from yarn;

8. Preparation of fiber and subsequent manufacturing of yarn, threads, braids, twine cordage;

9. Scouring and combing plants;

10. Upholstery manufacturing;

11. Yarn and thread mills.

“Manufacturing – light” means a facility accommodating manufacturing processes involving and/or producing: apparel; food and beverage products; electronic, optical, and instrumentation products; ice; jewelry; and musical instruments. Light manufacturing also includes other establishments engaged in the assembly, fabrication, and conversion of already processed raw materials into products, where the operational characteristics of the manufacturing processes and the materials used are unlikely to cause significant impacts on surrounding land uses or the community. Examples of light manufacturing uses include the following.

A. “Clothing and fabric product manufacturing” means an establishment that assembles clothing, draperies, and/or other products by cutting and sewing purchased textile fabrics, and related materials including leather, rubberized fabrics, plastics and furs. Does not include custom tailors and dressmakers not operating as a factory and not located on the site of a clothing store (see “personal services”). See also “manufacturing – heavy – textile and leather product manufacturing.”

B. “Electronics, equipment, and appliance manufacturing” means an establishment that manufactures equipment, apparatus, and/or supplies for the generation, storage, transmission, transformation and use of electrical energy, including:

1. Appliances such as stoves/ovens, refrigerators, freezers, laundry equipment, fans, vacuum cleaners, sewing machines;

2. Aviation instruments;

3. Computers, computer components, peripherals;

4. Electrical transmission and distribution equipment;

5. Electronic components and accessories, semiconductors, integrated circuits, related devices;

6. Electrical welding apparatus;

7. Lighting and wiring equipment such as lamps and fixtures, wiring devices, vehicle lighting;

8. Industrial apparatus;

9. Industrial controls, instruments for measurement, testing, analysis and control, associated sensors and accessories;

10. Miscellaneous electrical machinery, equipment and supplies such as batteries, X-ray apparatus and tubes, electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatus, electrical equipment for internal combustion engines;

11. Motors and generators;

12. Optical instruments and lenses;

13. Photographic equipment and supplies;

14. Pre-recorded magnetic tape;

15. Radio and television receiving equipment such as television and radio sets, phonograph records and surgical, medical and dental instruments, equipment, and supplies;

16. Surveying and drafting instruments;

17. Telephone and telegraph apparatus;

18. Transformers, switch gear and switchboards;

19. Watches and clocks.

Does not include testing laboratories (soils, materials testing, etc.) (see “business support services”), or research and development facilities separate from manufacturing (see “research and development”).

C. “Food and beverage product manufacturing” means manufacturing establishments producing or processing foods and beverages for human consumption, and certain related products. Examples of these uses include:

1. Bottling plants;

2. Breweries;

3. Candy, sugar and confectionery products manufacturing;

4. Catering services separate from stores or restaurants;

5. Coffee roasting;

6. Dairy products manufacturing;

7. Fats and oil product manufacturing;

8. Fruit and vegetable canning, preserving, related processing;

9. Grain mill products and byproducts;

10. Meat, poultry, and seafood canning, curing, byproduct processing;

11. Soft drink production;

12. Miscellaneous food item preparation from raw products.

Does not include bakeries, which are separately defined; or beer brewing as part of a brew pub, bar or restaurant (see “bar/tavern,” and “night club”).

D. “Handcraft industries, small-scale manufacturing” means establishments manufacturing and/or assembling small products primarily by hand, including jewelry, pottery and other ceramics, as well as small glass and metal art and craft products. Also includes manufacturing establishments producing small products not classified in another major manufacturing group, including brooms and brushes; buttons, costume novelties; jewelry; musical instruments; pens, pencils, and other office and artists’ materials; sporting and athletic goods; toys; etc.

E. “Paper product manufacturing” means an establishment that converts pre-manufactured paper or paperboard into boxes, envelopes, paper bags, wallpaper, etc., and/or that coats or glazes pre-manufactured paper. Does not include the manufacturing of pulp, paper, or paperboard (see “manufacturing – heavy – pulp and pulp product manufacturing”).

“Media production” means fixed-base facilities for motion picture, television, video, sound, computer, and other communications production. These facilities include the following types:

1. Backlots/Outdoor Facilities and Soundstages. Outdoor sets, backlots, and other outdoor facilities and warehouse-type facilities providing space for the construction and use of indoor sets, including supporting workshops and craft shops.

2. Broadcast Studios. Workplaces where movies, television shows or radio programs are produced and recorded, including administrative and technical production, administrative and production support offices, post-production facilities (editing and sound recording studios, foley stages, etc.), optical and special effects units, film processing laboratories, etc.

“Medical service – doctor office” means a facility other than a hospital where medical, dental, mental health, surgical, and/or other personal health care services are provided on an outpatient basis, and that accommodates no more than five licensed primary practitioners (for example, chiropractors, medical doctors, psychiatrists, etc.). Counseling services by other than medical doctors or psychiatrists are included under “offices – professional.” Does not include sports therapy that provides on-site fitness equipment, which is instead included under “fitness/health facility.”

“Medical service – clinic, laboratory, urgent care” means a facility other than a hospital where medical, mental health, surgical and other personal health services are provided on an outpatient basis. Examples of these uses include:

A. Medical and dental laboratories;

B. Medical offices with six or more licensed practitioners and/or medical specialties;

C. Outpatient care facilities;

D. Urgent care facilities;

E. Other allied health services.

Counseling services by other than medical doctors or psychiatrists are included under “offices – professional.”

“Medical service – extended care” means residential facilities providing nursing and health-related care as a primary use with inpatient beds. Examples of these uses include board and care homes; convalescent and rest homes; extended care facilities; and skilled nursing facilities. Long-term personal care facilities that do not emphasize medical treatment are included under “residential care.”

“Medical service – hospital” means hospitals and similar facilities engaged primarily in providing diagnostic services, and extensive medical treatment, including surgical and other hospital services. These establishments have an organized medical staff, inpatient beds, and equipment and facilities to provide complete health care. May include on-site accessory clinics and laboratories, accessory retail uses and emergency heliports (see the separate definition of “accessory retail and services”).

“Minor addition” means additions comprising less than fifty percent increase in total building area, constructed in compliance with current regulations.

“Minor nonconforming addition” means extension of the nonconforming feature of an existing building by no more than fifty percent.

“Mixed use project” means a project that combines both nonresidential and residential uses, where the residential component is typically located above or behind the commercial.

“Mobile home, RV, and boat sales” means retail establishments selling both mobile home dwelling units and/or various vehicles and watercraft for recreational uses. Includes the sales of boats, campers and camper shells, jet skis, mobile homes, motor homes, and travel trailers.

“Mobile home park” means a parcel of land under one or more ownerships that has been planned and improved for the placement of two or more mobile homes, as the term “mobile home” is defined in California Civil Code Section 798.3 or successor provision of the California Mobilehome Residency Law, for nontransient use.

“Mortuaries” and “funeral homes” means funeral homes and parlors, where deceased are prepared for burial or cremation, funeral services may be conducted, and cremation may occur.

“Multifamily dwelling” means a dwelling unit that is part of a structure containing one or more other dwelling units, or a nonresidential use. An example of the latter is a mixed use project where, for example, one or more dwelling units are part of a structure that also contains one or more commercial uses (retail, office, etc.). Multifamily dwellings include duplexes, triplexes, fourplexes (buildings under one ownership with two, three or four dwelling units, respectively, in the same structure); apartments (five or more units under one ownership in a single building); and townhouse development (three or more attached dwellings where no unit is located over another unit). Does not include secondary units, which are defined in Chapter 17.21. (Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009; Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.140 Definitions, “N.”

“Night club” means a facility providing entertainment, examples of which include live or recorded music and/or dancing, comedy, disc jockeys, etc., which may also serve alcoholic beverages for on-site consumption. Does not include ambient music, which is defined separately. (Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009: Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007: Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.150 Definitions, “O.”

An “office,” in these zoning regulations, is distinguished between the following types of offices. These do not include medical offices (see “medical service – clinic, laboratory, urgent care,” and “medical service – doctor office.”)

A. “Accessory” means an office facility that is incidental and accessory to another business or sales activity that is the primary use.

B. “Business and service” means an establishment providing direct services to consumers. Examples of these uses include:

1. Employment agencies;

2. Insurance agent offices (small-scale customer service offices, not administrative, see subsection E of this definition);

3. Real estate offices;

4. Travel agencies;

5. Utility company payment offices (not administrative, see subsection E of this definition).

This use does not include banks and financial services, which are separately defined.

C. “Government” means administrative, clerical, or public contact and/or service offices of a city, other local, state, or federal government agency or service facilities. Includes post offices, but not bulk mailing distribution centers, which are under “truck and freight terminals.”

D. “Processing” means an office-type facility characterized by high employee density, with little or no public visitation, and occupied by a business engaged in information processing, or other computer-dependent and/or telecommunications-based activities. Examples of these uses include:

1. Airline, lodging chain, and rental car company reservation centers;

2. Computer software and hardware design and development;

3. Consumer credit reporting;

4. Data processing services;

5. Health management organization (HMO) offices where no medical services are provided;

6. Insurance claim processing;

7. Mail order and electronic commerce transaction processing;

8. Telecommunications facility design and management;

9. Telemarketing.

E. “Production and administrative” means an office-type facility used for administrative purposes, and/or occupied by a business engaged in the production of intellectual property. Examples of these uses include:

1. Advertising agencies;

2. Commercial art and design services;

3. Construction contractors (office facilities only);

4. Design services including architecture, engineering, landscape architecture, urban planning;

5. Educational, scientific and research organizations;

6. Media postproduction services;

7. News services;

8. Photography studios;

9. Utility company administrative offices;

10. Writers’ and artists’ offices.

F. “Professional” means an office-type facility occupied by a business providing professional services. Examples of these uses include:

1. Accounting, auditing and bookkeeping services;

2. Attorneys;

3. Counseling services;

4. Court reporting services;

5. Detective agencies and similar services;

6. Financial management and investment counseling;

7. Literary and talent agencies;

8. Management and public relations services;

9. Psychologists;

10. Secretarial, stenographic, word processing, and temporary clerical employee services;

11. Security and commodity brokers.

G. “Temporary” means a mobile home, recreational vehicle or modular unit used as a temporary office facility. Temporary offices may include construction supervision offices on a construction site or off-site construction yard; a temporary on-site real estate office for a development project; or a temporary business office in advance of permanent facility construction.

H. “Temporary real estate” means the temporary use of a dwelling unit within a residential development project as a sales office for the units on the same site, which is converted to residential use at the conclusion of its office use.

“Office-supporting retail” means a retail store that carries one or more types of merchandise that will typically be of frequent interest to and/or needed by the various businesses listed under the definition of “office,” and/or the employees of those businesses. Examples of these types of merchandise include:

A. Computer equipment;

B. Office supplies, stationery;

C. Newsstands;

D. Photographic supplies and cameras.

“One-bedroom dwelling” means a one-bedroom dwelling unit with not more than one thousand square feet of gross floor area. The floor area in a loft is included as part of the gross floor area calculation.

“Outdoor sales” means the sale of items regularly stored or displayed outside a building, where such items are visible from a public right-of-way or neighboring property.

“Overlay zone” means a zone applied in combination with other zone districts in order to impose additional restrictions or to allow greater variety than is possible with the underlying zone. (Ord. 1591 § 16, 2013; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.160 Definitions, “P.”

“Parking facility” means a surface parking lot or parking structure that is a primary use of a site.

“Park, playground” means public parks, play lots, and playgrounds, providing noncommercial facilities for active and/or passive recreation for neighborhood or community use. These facilities may also include any listed under the definition of “sports and active recreation facility.”

“Personal services” means establishments providing nonmedical services to individuals as a primary use. Examples of these uses include: barber and beauty shops; clothing rental; dry cleaning pick-up stores with limited equipment; home electronics and small appliance repair; laundromats (self-service laundries); massage (licensed, therapeutic, nonsexual); shoe repair shops; tailors; tanning salons; pet grooming (indoor use only, no overnight boarding). These uses may also include accessory retail sales of products related to the services provided.

“Personal services – restricted” means personal services that may tend to have a blighting and/or deteriorating effect upon surrounding areas and which may need to be dispersed to minimize their adverse impacts. Examples of these uses include:

A. Check cashing;

B. Fortune tellers, psychics;

C. Palm and card readers;

D. Tattoo and body piercing services.

“Photo and film processing lab” means a facility that provides high volume and/or custom processing services for photographic negative film, transparencies, and/or prints, where the processed products are delivered to off-site retail outlets for customer pick-up. Does not include small-scale photo processing machines accessory to other retail businesses, which are allowed as part of those businesses; or small-scale retail photofinishing services that provide over-the-counter processing services to individual customers, which are included in the definition of “business support services.”

“Printing and publishing” means establishments engaged in printing by letterpress, lithography, gravure, screen, offset, or electrostatic (xerographic) copying; and other establishments serving the printing trade such as bookbinding, typesetting, engraving, photoengraving and electrotyping. This use also includes establishments that publish newspapers, books and periodicals; establishments manufacturing business forms and binding devices. “Quick printing” services are included in the definition of “business support services.”

“Private club” (or “lodge”) means a premises accommodating bona fide members and their guests only, for social, cultural or educational activities, and only incidentally used for gatherings of other than the club’s members.

“Produce stand” means a temporary facility for selling seasonal goods such as fruits, vegetables and plants.

“Public assembly facility” means an indoor facility for public assembly and group entertainment, other than sporting events. Examples of these facilities include:

A. Community centers;

B. Exhibition and convention halls;

C. Public and semi-public auditoriums;

D. Similar public assembly uses.

“Public safety facility” means a facility operated by public agencies including fire stations, other fire prevention and fire fighting facilities, police and sheriff substations and headquarters, including interim incarceration facilities.

“Public utility facilities” means fixed-base structures and facilities serving as junction points for transferring electric utility services from one transmission voltage to another or to local distribution and service voltages, and similar facilities for water supply and natural gas distribution. This use type may also include administrative and customer service offices (also included under “offices”), and includes any of the following that are not exempted from land use permit requirements by Government Code Section 53091:

A. Corporation and maintenance yards;

B. Electrical substations and switching stations;

C. Natural gas regulating and distribution facilities;

D. Public water system wells, treatment plants and storage;

E. Telephone switching facilities;

F. Wastewater treatment plants, settling ponds and disposal fields. (Ord. 1553 § 31, 2010; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009; Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.170 Definitions, “Q.”


17.100.180 Definitions, “R.”

“Recreational vehicle” means any trailer, camper, motor home or other vehicle designed and intended for traveling and recreational purposes.

“Recycling facilities” means a land use type that includes a variety of facilities involved with the collection, sorting and processing of recyclable materials.

A. “Collection facility” means a center where the public may donate, redeem or sell recyclable materials, which may include the following, where allowed by the applicable zoning district:

1. Reverse vending machines;

2. Small collection facilities which occupy an area of three hundred fifty square feet or less and may include:

a. A mobile unit;

b. Bulk reverse vending machines or a grouping of reverse vending machines occupying more than fifty square feet; and

c. Kiosk-type units which may include permanent structures.

3. Large collection facilities which occupy an area of more than three hundred fifty square feet and/or include permanent structures.

B. “Mobile recycling unit” means an automobile, truck, trailer, or van used for the collection of recyclable materials, carrying bins, boxes, or other containers.

C. “Processing facility” means a structure or enclosed space used for the collection and processing of recyclable materials for shipment, or to an end-user’s specifications, by such means as baling, briquetting, cleaning, compacting, crushing, flattening, grinding, mechanical sorting, remanufacturing and shredding. Processing facilities include the following types, both of which are included under the definition of “scrap and dismantling yards,” below:

1. Light processing facility occupies an area of under forty-five thousand square feet of collection, processing and storage area, and averages two outbound truck shipments each day. Light processing facilities are limited to baling, briquetting, compacting, crushing, grinding, shredding and sorting of source separated recyclable materials sufficient to qualify as a certified processing facility. A light processing facility shall not shred, compact, or bale ferrous metals other than food and beverage containers; and

2. A heavy processing facility is any processing facility other than a light processing facility.

D. “Recycling facility” means a center for the collection and/or processing of recyclable materials. A “certified” recycling or processing facility is certified by the California Department of Conservation as meeting the requirements of the California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act of 1986. A recycling facility does not include storage containers located on a residentially, commercially or industrially designated site used solely for the recycling of material generated on the site. See “collection facility” above.

E. “Recycling or recyclable material” means reusable domestic containers and other materials which can be reconstituted, remanufactured, or reused in an altered form, including glass, metals, paper and plastic. Recyclable material does not include refuse or hazardous materials.

F. “Reverse vending machine” means an automated mechanical device which accepts at least one or more types of empty beverage containers and issues a cash refund or a redeemable credit slip with a value not less than the container’s redemption value, as determined by state law. These vending machines may accept aluminum cans, glass and plastic bottles, and other containers.

A bulk reverse vending machine is a reverse vending machine that is larger than fifty square feet, is designed to accept more than one container at a time, and issues a cash refund based on total weight instead of by container.

G. “Scrap and dismantling yards” means outdoor establishments primarily engaged in assembling, breaking up, sorting, and the temporary storage and distribution of recyclable or reusable scrap and waste materials, including auto wreckers engaged in dismantling automobiles for scrap, and the incidental wholesale or retail sales of parts from those vehicles. Includes light and heavy processing facilities for recycling (see the definitions above). Does not include places where these activities are conducted entirely within buildings; pawn shops, and other secondhand stores; the sale of operative used cars; or landfills or other waste disposal sites.

“Religious facility” means a facility operated by religious organizations for worship, or the promotion of religious activities, including churches, mosques, synagogues, temples, etc.; and accessory uses on the same site, including living quarters for ministers and staff, child day care facilities and religious schools where authorized by the same type of land use permit required for the religious facility itself. May also include fund-raising sales, bazaars, dinners, parties, or other outdoor events on the same site. Other establishments maintained by religious organizations, including full-time educational institutions, hospitals and other related operations, are classified according to their respective activities.

“Repair services” means establishments providing repair services for large equipment and appliances primarily serving businesses. Repair services for individuals are separately defined under “personal services.”

“Residential care” means a single dwelling unit or multiple-unit facility licensed or supervised by any federal, state, or local health/welfare agency that provides twenty-four-hour nonmedical care of unrelated persons who are handicapped and in need of personal services, supervision, or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of the individual in a family-like environment.

“Residential hospice facility” means residential facilities licensed or supervised by any federal, state, or local health/welfare agency that provide twenty-four-hour medical and/or nonmedical services for patients under the care of a licensed Medicare certified hospice agency.

“Residential support services” means an establishment with a gross floor area no greater than three thousand square feet that provides services to residences and residential home offices. Examples of these services include:

A. Computer-related services (rental, repair);

B. Copying and quick printing services;

C. Mailing and mail box services.

“Rest home” means a residential facility for six or more elderly or infirm persons, all of whom are independently mobile and do not require confinement or regular nursing or medical care on the premises. Rest home differs from a “convalescent hospital” in that it is expected to provide comfort, safety, social participation, and the maintenance of health and activity, but does not provide skilled nursing care for the ill.

“Restaurant” means a retail business selling ready-to-eat food for on- or off-premises consumption, which does not include alcohol service after eleven p.m. This includes eating establishments where customers are served from a walk-up ordering counter for either on- or off-premises consumption, establishments where most customers are served food at tables for on-premises consumption, but may also provide food for take-out, and establishments that provide food for off-premises consumption only. Includes coffee houses, donut shops, delicatessens, etc. Does not include restaurants with drive-through ordering or service. “Restaurant” means a place which is regularly and in a bona fide manner used and kept open for the serving of meals to guests for compensation and which has suitable kitchen facilities connected therewith, containing conveniences for cooking an assortment of foods which may be required for such meals.

“Restaurant with late-hour alcohol service” means a restaurant which provides alcohol service after eleven p.m.

“Riparian vegetation” means those herbaceous plants, shrubs, and trees which are naturally associated with stream side environments, and with roots and branches extending in or over a creek channel. (A list of riparian vegetation is available at the community development department.) (Ord. 1578 §§ 9, 10, 2012; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.190 Definitions, “S.”

“Safe parking” means a parking program, operated on property located outside of the public right-of-way and managed by a social service provider, that provides individuals and families with vehicles a safe place to park overnight while working towards a transition to permanent housing.

“School” means public and private educational institutions, including:

A. Boarding schools;

B. Business, secretarial, and vocational schools;

C. Community colleges, colleges and universities;

D. Elementary, middle, and junior high schools;

E. Establishments providing courses by mail;

F. High schools;

G. Military academies;

H. Professional schools (law, medicine, etc.);

I. Seminaries/religious ministry training facilities;

J. Also includes specialized schools offering instruction in the following:

1. Art;

2. Ballet and other dance;

3. Computers and electronics;

4. Drama;

5. Driver education;

6. Language;

7. Music.

Also includes facilities, institutions and conference centers that offer specialized programs in personal growth and development, such as arts, environmental awareness, communications, and management. Does not include pre-schools and child day care centers (see “day care”). See also the definition of “studios – art, dance, music, photography, etc.” for smaller-scale facilities offering specialized instruction.

Service Station. “Service station” means any business where motor fuel is offered for retail sale, whether or not in conjunction with minor retail uses such as mini markets and similar ancillary uses.

“Service station” includes the sale and installation of tires, batteries and automotive accessories; lubrications; and the testing, adjustment and repair of motor parts, brakes, tires and accessories. It also includes accessory sales of fuel oil, butane, propane, and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Service station does not include steam cleaning, mechanical car washing, tire recapping, body or chassis repair or painting, which are instead included under “vehicle services”; or the sale, rental or storage of motor vehicles, trailers or other equipment, which are included under “auto and vehicle sales/rental.” “Service station” does not include separate retail or other nonrelated commercial uses on the same property that have independent points of sale separated from the motor fuel point of sale by a distance of at least two hundred fifty feet. A point of sale shall be defined as the actual location of the transaction including, but not limited to, a cash register or automated payment station.

“Setback line” means an officially adopted line determining the extent of a future street or other public right-of-way.

“Shopping center” means a development consisting of at least five separate establishments with a minimum area of fifty thousand square feet, a site with a minimum of three hundred feet of frontage and shared common drives and off-street parking.

“Single-family dwelling” means a building designed for and/or occupied exclusively by one family or one or more persons occupying premises and living as a single housekeeping unit, which is not attached to or located on a lot with commercial uses. Single-family dwellings contain one dwelling on one lot. Single-family dwellings may also include approved accessory dwelling units. Also includes factory-built, modular housing units, constructed in compliance with the Uniform Building Code (UBC), and mobile homes/manufactured housing units that comply with the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974, placed on permanent foundations.

“Social service organization” means a public or quasi-public establishment providing social and/or rehabilitation services, examples of which include counseling centers, employment agencies, job counseling and training centers, vocational rehabilitation agencies, and welfare offices. These organizations serve the unemployed, persons with social or personal problems, persons requiring special services, the handicapped, or otherwise disadvantaged. Includes organizations soliciting funds to be used directly for these and related services, and establishments engaged in community improvement and neighborhood development. Does not include day care services, homeless shelters, or residential care, which are separately defined.

“Specific plan” means a plan for a designated area within the city, based on the general plan, but containing more detailed regulations and programs as provided in Section 65450 and following of the California Government Code.

“Sports and entertainment assembly” means a large-scale indoor or outdoor facility accommodating spectator-oriented sports, concerts, and other entertainment activities. Examples of this land use include amphitheaters, race tracks, stadiums and coliseums. May also include commercial facilities customarily associated with the above uses, including bars and restaurants, gift shops, video game arcades, etc.

“Sports and active recreation facilities” means public and private facilities for various outdoor sports and other types of recreation, where the facilities are oriented more toward participants than spectators. Examples include:

A. Athletic/sport fields (e.g., baseball, football, softball, soccer);

B. Health and athletic club outdoor facilities;

C. Skateboard parks;

D. Swimming pools;

E. Tennis and other sport courts (e.g., handball, squash).

Does not include golf courses, which are separately defined.

“Storage – accessory” means the storage of materials accessory and incidental to a primary use and is not considered a land use separate from the primary use.

“Storage – personal storage facility” means structures containing generally small, individual, compartmentalized stalls or lockers rented as individual storage spaces and characterized by low parking demand.

“Storage yard” means the storage of various materials outside of a structure other than fencing, either as an accessory or principal use.

“Street” means a public right-of-way providing vehicular access to abutting property.

“Structure” means anything assembled or constructed on the ground, or attached to anything with a foundation on the ground.

“Studio apartment” means a one-room dwelling unit with not more than four hundred fifty square feet of gross floor area, designed for occupancy by not more than two people. The floor area in a loft is included as part of the gross floor area calculation.

“Studio – art, dance, martial arts, music, etc.” means small-scale facilities, typically accommodating one group of students at a time, in no more than one instructional space. Larger facilities are included under the definition of “schools – specialized education and training.” Examples of these facilities include individual and group instruction and training in the arts; production rehearsal; photography, and the processing of photographs produced only by users of the studio facilities; martial arts training studios; gymnastics instruction, and aerobics and gymnastics studios with no other fitness facilities or equipment. (Ord. 1634 § 3, 2017; Ord. 1592 § 5, 2013; Ord. 1553 § 32, 2010; Ord. 1528 § 3 Ex. A (part), 2009; Ord. 1446 § 4, 2004; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.200 Definitions, “T.”

“Theater” means an indoor facility for public assembly and group entertainment other than sporting events. Examples of these facilities include:

A. Civic theaters, and facilities for “live” theater and concerts;

B. Movie theaters.

See also “public assembly facility” and “sports and entertainment assembly.”

“Top of bank” means the line where the naturally eroded ground slope, or the slope resulting from a creek alteration, flattens to conform with the ground which has not been cut by water flow within the creek channel. If the bank is terraced, the top of bank is the highest step.

“Transit station or terminal” means a facility or location with the primary purpose of transfer, loading, and unloading of passengers and baggage. May include facilities for the provision of passenger services such as ticketing, restrooms, lockers, waiting areas, passenger vehicle parking and bus bays, for layover parking, and interior bus cleaning and incidental repair.

“Transit stop” means a facility located within the public right-of-way at selected points along transit routes for passenger pickup, drop-off, or transfer, but excluding areas for vehicle repair or storage, passenger ticketing and parking, which are defined as a transit station or terminal.

“Truck or freight terminal” means a transportation facility furnishing services incidental to air, motor freight, and rail transportation. Examples of these facilities include:

A. Delivery and courier services;

B. Freight forwarding services;

C. Freight terminal facilities;

D. Joint terminal and service facilities;

E. Overnight mail processing facilities;

F. Packing, crating, inspection and weighing services;

G. Postal service bulk mailing distribution centers;

H. Transportation arrangement services;

I. Trucking facilities, including transfer and storage. (Ord. 1553 § 33, 2010; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.210 Definitions, “U.”

“Use” means the activity for which land or buildings are designed, occupied or maintained.

“Utility infrastructure” means pipelines for water, natural gas, and sewage collection and disposal; and facilities for the transmission of electrical energy for sale, including transmission lines for a public utility company. Also includes telephone, telegraph, cable television and other communications transmission facilities utilizing direct physical conduits. Does not include offices or service centers (see “offices – business and service”), or distribution substations (see “public utility facility”). (Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.220 Definitions, “V.”

“Vacation rental” means a dwelling or part of a dwelling where lodging is furnished for compensation for fewer than thirty consecutive days. Does not include fraternities, sororities, convents, monasteries, hostels, bed and breakfast inns, homestays, hotels, motels, or boarding/rooming houses, which are separately defined.

“Vehicle services – auto repair and service” means the repair, servicing, alteration, restoration, towing, painting, cleaning (including self-service and attended car washes), or finishing of automobiles, trucks, recreational vehicles, boats and other vehicles as a primary use, including the incidental wholesale and retail sale of vehicle parts as an accessory use. This use includes the following categories:

A. “Major repair/body work” means repair facilities dealing with entire vehicles. These establishments provide towing, collision repair, other body work, and painting services; and also include tire recapping establishments.

B. “Minor maintenance/repair” means minor facilities specializing in limited aspects of repair and maintenance (e.g., muffler and radiator shops, quick-lube, etc.).

Does not include automobile parking (see “parking facilities”), repair shops that are part of a vehicle dealership on the same site (see “vehicle sales/rental,” and “mobile home, recreational vehicle and boat sales and rental”); gas stations, which are separately defined; or dismantling yards, which are included under “recycling – scrap and dismantling yards.”

“Veterinary clinics,” “animal hospitals,” and “kennels” means office and indoor medical treatment facilities used by veterinarians, including large and small animal veterinary clinics, and animal hospitals. Kennels and boarding operations are commercial facilities for the keeping, boarding or maintaining of four or more dogs four months of age or older, or four or more cats, except for dogs or cats in pet shops. (Ord. 1611 § 5, 2015; Ord. 1500 § 3 (part), 2007; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.230 Definitions, “W.”

“Warehouse store” means a retail store that emphasizes the packaging and sale of products in large quantities or volumes, some at discounted prices, where products are typically displayed in their original shipping containers. Sites and buildings are usually large and industrial in character. Patrons may be required to pay membership fees.

“Warehouses,” “wholesaling and distribution” facilities include:

A. “Warehouses” means facilities for the storage of furniture, household goods, or other commercial goods of any nature, including moving company warehouses. Includes cold storage, and moving companies. Does not include warehouse, storage or mini-storage facilities offered for rent or lease to the general public (see “storage, personal storage facilities”); warehouse facilities in which the primary purpose of storage is for wholesaling and distribution (see “wholesaling and distribution”); or terminal facilities for handling freight (see “truck and freight terminals”).

B. “Wholesaling and distribution” means establishments engaged in selling merchandise to retailers; to contractors, industrial, commercial, institutional, farm, or professional business users; to other wholesalers; or acting as agents or brokers in buying merchandise for or selling merchandise to such persons or companies. Examples of these establishments include:

1. Agents, merchandise or commodity brokers, and commission merchants;

2. Assemblers, buyers and associations engaged in the cooperative marketing of farm products;

3. Merchant wholesalers;

4. Stores primarily selling electrical, plumbing, heating and air conditioning supplies and equipment.

Also includes storage, processing, packaging, and shipping facilities for mail order and e-commerce retail establishments.

“Wine tasting room – off site” means a satellite wine tasting room associated with a licensed winery serving only those wines it produces in one-ounce tastes or an amount approved by Alcohol and Beverage Control for tasting purposes. Only one satellite wine tasting room is permitted per licensed winery. Wine tasting establishments serving wines from multiple wineries are separately defined as a “bar/tavern.”

Work/Live Unit. See “live/work unit,” “work/live unit.” (Ord. 1591 § 17, 2013; Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)

17.100.240 Definitions, “X.”


17.100.250 Definitions, “Y.”


17.100.260 Definitions, “Z.”

“Zone” (or “district” or “zone district”) means an area of the city delineated on the official zoning map, designated by name or abbreviation as provided in the regulations codified in this division. (Ord. 1438 § 2 (part), 2003)