Division II. Community Design

This division provides standards and guidelines for development that affect the overall character of the city and its pattern of land uses. This division establishes the zoning districts within the city, determines how the zoning districts are applied to property by the zoning map, and establishes planning permit requirements for new land uses and development. This division also establishes general community design standards for streetscapes and block structure for new subdivisions and other development. The standards and guidelines established by this development code for the planning of individual development projects are found in Division III, Project Design, and Division IV, General Site Planning and Development Standards.

Chapter 19.10
ZONES AND ALLOWABLE USES1

Sections:

19.10.010    Purpose of chapter.

19.10.020    Zoning districts established.

19.10.030    Overlay zoning districts and standards.

19.10.040    Zoning map adopted.

19.10.050    Allowable land uses and permit requirements.

19.10.010 Purpose of chapter.

This chapter establishes the zoning districts within the city, determines how the zoning districts are applied to property on the zoning map, and establishes planning permit requirements for new land uses and development. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.10.020 Zoning districts established.

The city of Sonoma shall be divided into the zoning districts described in this section, to implement the City of Sonoma General Plan land use designations. The following zoning districts are hereby established, and are shown on the official zoning map (see SMC 19.10.040). The uses of land allowed within each zoning district and the planning permit requirements applicable to the allowable uses are determined by SMC 19.10.050, Allowable land uses and permit requirements.

A. Residential Zoning Districts.

1. R-HS (Residential – Hillside) District. The R-HS zoning district is applied to hillside areas of the city that are suitable for very-low density single-family residential and agricultural land uses. The maximum allowable density is one dwelling unit per 10 acres. The R-HS zoning district is consistent with the Hillside land use designation of the General Plan.

2. R-R (Residential – Rural) District. The R-R zoning district is applied to areas where the city intends to preserve low density, single-family neighborhoods with rural character. The maximum allowable density is two dwelling units per acre. The R-R zoning district is consistent with the Rural Residential land use designation of the General Plan.

3. R-L (Residential – Low Density) District. The R-L zoning district is applied to areas primarily suitable for detached single-family dwellings and duplexes. Clustered housing and other types of residential development may be allowed with a planned development permit (SMC 19.54.070). The minimum density for new residential construction is two dwelling units per acre and the maximum density is five dwelling units per acre. The R-L zoning district is consistent with the Low Density Residential land use designation of the General Plan.

4. R-S (Residential – Sonoma) District. The R-S zoning district is typically applied to parcels of three acres or more in size, and is intended to provide areas suitable for a broad range of housing types, including housing affordable to low and moderate income households. The R-S zoning district is intended to promote creativity in project design, variety in lot sizes and unit types, and development that will fit in with surrounding neighborhoods. The minimum density for new residential construction is three dwelling units per acre and the maximum density is eight dwelling units per acre. Subject to use permit review, limited neighborhood-serving commercial uses may be allowed, in accordance with SMC 19.14.030, Neighborhood commercial development. The R-S zoning district is consistent with the Sonoma Residential land use designation of the General Plan.

5. R-M (Residential – Medium Density) District. The R-M zoning district is applied to areas appropriate for medium density, multifamily residential development. The minimum density for new residential construction is seven dwelling units per acre and the maximum density is 11 dwelling units per acre. The R-M zoning district is consistent with the Medium Density Residential land use designation of the General Plan.

6. R-H (Residential – High Density) District. The R-H zoning district is applied to areas suitable for high density residential development, particularly in areas of transition between commercial or mixed use zoning districts. The minimum density for new residential construction is 11 dwelling units per acre and the maximum density is 15 dwelling units per acre. The R-H zoning district is consistent with the High Density Residential land use designation of the General Plan.

7. R-O (Residential – Housing Opportunity) District. The R-O zoning district is applied to areas appropriate for very high density residential development. The intent of this zoning district is to provide areas suitable for low and very low income households and for high density attached housing types. The minimum density for new residential construction is 15 dwelling units per acre and the maximum density is 25 dwelling units per acre. The R-O zoning district implements the Housing Opportunity Site land use designation of the General Plan.

8. R-P (Residential – Mobile Home Park) District. The R-P zoning district is applied to the city’s three mobile home parks. Only uses consistent with the continued operation of these sites as mobile home parks are allowed. The maximum residential density is seven dwelling units per acre. The R-P zoning district is consistent with the Mobile Home Park land use designation of the General Plan.

B. Commercial Zoning Districts.

1. C (Commercial) District. The C zoning district is applied to areas appropriate for a range of commercial land uses including retail, tourist, office, and mixed uses. The maximum residential density is 20 dwelling units per acre. The C zoning district is consistent with the Commercial land use designation of the General Plan.

2. C-G (Commercial-Gateway) District. The C-G zoning district is applied to the Four Corners and Verano Triangle areas, prominent commercial entrances into the city that require sensitive site design. The maximum residential density is 20 dwelling units per acre. The C-G zoning district is consistent with the Gateway Commercial land use designation of the General Plan.

3. Residential Component. In applications for new development on properties of one-half acre in size or larger for which a discretionary permit is required, a residential component is required, unless waived by the planning commission. A residential component should normally comprise at least 50 percent of the total proposed building area. Circumstances in which the residential component may be reduced or waived include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. The replacement of a commercial use within an existing tenant space with another commercial use.

b. The presence of uses or conditions incompatible with residential development on or adjacent to the property for which a new development is proposed.

c. Property characteristics, including size limitations and environmental characteristics, that constrain opportunities for residential development or make it infeasible.

d. Limitations imposed by other regulatory requirements, such as the Growth Management Ordinance.

C. Mixed Use Zoning District.

1. MX (Mixed Use) District. The MX zoning district is intended to allow for higher density housing types, such as apartments and condominiums, both separately and in conjunction with commercial and office development, in order to increase housing opportunities, reduce dependence on the automobile, and provide a pedestrian presence in commercial areas. Under this designation, longstanding commercial and industrial uses in otherwise residential areas may be preserved and, subject to use permit review, modified or intensified. The maximum residential density is 20 dwelling units per acre. The MX zoning district is consistent with the Mixed Use land use designation of the General Plan.

2. Residential Component. In applications for new development for which a discretionary permit is required, a residential component is required, unless waived by the planning commission. A residential component should normally comprise at least 50 percent of the total proposed building area. Circumstances in which the residential component may be reduced or waived include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. The replacement of a commercial use within an existing tenant space with another commercial use.

b. The presence of uses or conditions incompatible with residential development on or adjacent to the property for which a new development is proposed.

c. Property characteristics, including size limitations and environmental characteristics, that constrain opportunities for residential development or make it infeasible.

d. Limitations imposed by other regulatory requirements, such as the Growth Management Ordinance.

3. Commercial Component. In applications for new development for which a discretionary permit is required, a commercial component may be required, unless waived by the planning commission. Circumstances in which a commercial component may be waived include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. The replacement, expansion, or alteration of a residential use within an existing residential or mixed use development.

b. The presence of uses or conditions incompatible with commercial development on or adjacent to the property for which a new development is proposed.

c. Property characteristics, including size limitations and environmental characteristics, that constrain opportunities for commercial development or make it infeasible.

d. Interference with the objective of maximizing housing opportunities, especially affordable housing and other housing types that meet community needs as identified in the Housing Element.

e. Limitations imposed by other development regulations, including applicable requirements and guidelines of the development code.

D. Special Purpose Zoning Districts.

1. A (Agriculture) District. The A zoning district is applied to existing agricultural areas within the city. The intent of the zoning district is to protect these parcels for productive agricultural uses. The maximum residential density is one dwelling unit per 10 acres. The A zoning district is consistent with the Agricultural land use designation of the General Plan.

2. Pk (Park) District. The Pk zoning district is applied to parkland of a variety of types, from intensively developed playing fields and recreational facilities (including museums and recreation centers), to natural open spaces where development is limited to trails. The Pk zoning district is consistent with the Park land use designations of the General Plan.

3. P (Public Facilities) District. The P zoning district applies to areas appropriate for a variety of public and quasi-public land uses. The P zoning district is consistent with the Public land use designations of the General Plan.

4. W (Wine Production) District. The W zoning district is applied to winery facilities. Only winery-related land uses are suitable for this designation. The W zoning district is consistent with the Wine Production land use designation of the General Plan. (Ord. 03-2016 § 3 (Exh. C), 2016; Ord. 03-2004 § 1, 2004; Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.10.030 Overlay zoning districts and standards.

A. Purpose. Overlay zoning districts regulate new and existing land uses by providing guidance for development in addition to the standards and regulations of the primary zoning district and subarea. These overlay districts apply to areas where important site, environmental, cultural, and other compatibility issues require particular sensitivity in project planning.

B. Applicability. The requirements of the overlay districts apply to proposed land uses and development in addition to all other applicable requirements of this development code. In the event of any perceived conflict between the requirements of the overlay districts and any other provision of this development code, the most restrictive shall control.

1. Mapping of Overlay Districts. The applicability of any overlay zoning district to a specific site is shown by the overlay zoning map symbol established by this section being appended as a suffix to the symbol for the primary zoning district on the zoning map (for example, R-L/H) or by the use of shading and other graphical means as depicted on the zoning map.

2. Allowed Land Uses, Permit Requirements, Development Standards. Except as may be provided by this development code for a specific overlay zoning district:

a. Any land use normally allowed in the primary zoning district by this chapter may be allowed within an overlay district, subject to any additional requirements of the overlay district;

b. Development and new land uses within an overlay district shall obtain the land use permits required by this chapter for the primary zoning district; and

c. Development and new land uses within an overlay district shall comply with all applicable development standards established by Division III, Project Design, and Division IV, General Site Planning and Development Standards.

C. Overlay Districts and Their Requirements.

1. /C (Creek Setback) District. The /C overlay district is intended to preserve the environmental integrity and riparian habitat of the city’s creeks, and to ensure that new land uses near the creeks are developed safely. Development within the /C overlay district shall be evaluated in accordance with the procedures, standards and guidelines set forth in SMC 19.40.020, Creekside development.

a. Applicability. The /C overlay district applies to areas identified on the zoning map adjacent to Sonoma, Nathanson, and Fryer Creeks.

b. Permit Requirements. Playgrounds, sports fields, erosion control projects, parking areas, and any other modifications to existing structures shall require use permit approval.

c. Special Standards. Proposed uses and structures shall be located above the adopted flood elevation standard in compliance with Chapter 14.25 SMC, Flood Damage Prevention Regulations. Disturbance of native vegetation shall be minimized and proposed development shall include a landscaping plan identifying appropriate riparian habitat enhancement measures.

2. /H (Historic) District. The /H overlay district is intended to preserve structures that are historically and/or culturally significant.

a. Applicability. The /H overlay district is applied to historic sites and areas as identified on the zoning map.

b. Permit Requirements for Increased Residential Densities and Alternative Uses. As set forth in Chapter 19.42 SMC, Historic Preservation and Infill in the Historic Zone, increased residential densities and limited office or commercial land uses may be allowed with use permit approval if found to be consistent with the intent of preserving existing historic structures and the historic context of the site.

c. Permit Requirements for New Construction, Additions, Renovations, and Relocations. As set forth in SMC 19.54.080, Site design and architectural review, the design review and historic preservation commission shall review any new commercial buildings and additions or exterior changes to existing commercial buildings, new multifamily development and additions or exterior changes to multifamily structures, additions to single-family dwellings resulting in a 50 percent or greater increase in floor area, and the relocation of any primary structure.

d. Permit Requirements for Demolition. As set forth in SMC 19.54.090, Demolition permit, the design review and historic preservation commission (DRHPC) shall review proposed demolitions of structures within the district.

3. /O (Open Space) District. The /O overlay    district is intended to recognize sites that are designated to remain substantially undeveloped and in a natural condition. This designation is only applicable to properties that are publicly owned or for which open space or development easements have been obtained.

a. Applicability. The /O overlay district is applied to sites and areas as identified on the zoning map.

b. Permit Requirements. The development of any new building or parking area shall require use permit approval.

c. Special Standards. New construction within the /O overlay district shall only be allowed if it is found that the natural character of the site and its value as open space will not be diminished. This designation is not intended to preclude environmental enhancement and restoration projects or the provision of public access, such as trails.

4. /P (Plaza Retail) District. The /P overlay district is intended to preserve the vitality of Sonoma’s historic downtown area as a predominantly retail center.

a. Applicability. The /P overlay district is applied to sites and areas as identified on the zoning map.

b. Permit Requirements for Office Uses. Use permit approval is required for the establishment or expansion of any office use, where not already allowed by use permit, within any new or existing ground-floor tenant space having frontage along a public street or a major pedestrian arcade (defined as the Mercato, the Place des Pyrenees, and the El Paso).

c. Findings for Office Uses. In order to approve a use permit as required under subsection (C)(4)(b) of this section, the planning commission must find, in addition to the basic use permit findings set forth in SMC 19.54.040(E), that the proposed use due to specific circumstances related to its size, nature or location will not detract from the retail and pedestrian character of its immediate environs or the plaza generally, or that the office use is necessary for the economic viability of the site or its surroundings.

d. Prohibition on Formula Restaurants, Large. Formula restaurants, large are prohibited within the plaza retail district. (Ord. 06-2013 § 3, 2013; Ord. 03-2012 § 1(A), 2012; Ord. 08-2005 § 1, 2005; Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.10.040 Zoning map adopted.

The council hereby adopts the City of Sonoma Zoning Map (incorporated herein by reference). The boundaries of the zoning districts and overlay zoning districts established by SMC 19.10.020 and 19.10.030 shall be shown upon the zoning map. The zoning map shall be interpreted in compliance with SMC 19.02.020(C), Zoning Map Boundaries. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.10.050 Allowable land uses and permit requirements.

A. Purpose. This section determines which land uses are allowed in each zoning district established by SMC 19.10.020, Zoning districts established, and the land use permit required to establish each use.

B. Allowed Land Uses. The uses of land allowed by this development code in each zoning district are identified in Tables 2-1, 2-2, 2-3 and 2-4, along with the type of planning permit required for each use. These tables provide for land uses that are:

1. Permitted subject to compliance with all applicable provisions of this development code, subject to first obtaining a zoning clearance (SMC 19.54.020), and any building permit or other administrative permit required by the municipal code. These are shown as “P” uses in the tables;

2. Allowed subject to the approval of a use permit (SMC 19.54.040), and shown as “UP” uses in the tables.

Note: where the last column in the tables (“Specific Use Standards”) includes a section number, the regulations in the referenced section apply to the use; however, provisions in other sections of this development code may also apply.

C. Uses Not Listed. Land uses that are not listed in the tables or are not shown in a particular zoning district are not allowed, except as otherwise provided by SMC 19.02.020(D), Rules of interpretation – Allowable Uses of Land), or SMC 19.03.030, Exemptions from Land Use Permit Requirements.

D. Standards for Parcels with Multiple Zoning Districts. Where an existing parcel is zoned in two or more zoning districts, each portion of the parcel in a separate district shall be developed/used in compliance with the requirements of the applicable district. (Ord. 07-2003 § 1, 2003; Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

Table 2-1

Residential Uses and Permit Requirements 

Allowed Uses and Permit Requirements for Residential Districts (1)

Permit Required by District (2)

P

Use permitted

UP

Use permit required

L

License required

Use not allowed

Land Use (1)

R-HS

R-R

R-L

R-S

R-M

R-H

R-O

R-P

Specific Use Regulations

 

AGRICULTURE, RESOURCE AND OPEN SPACE USES

Animal Keeping

P

P

UP

Chapter 8.08 SMC

Crop Production and Horticulture

P

P

UP

 

Produce Stands for On-Site Production

P

P

UP

SMC 19.50.070

MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING USES

Existing Uses

SMC 19.82.020

RECREATION, EDUCATION AND PUBLIC ASSEMBLY USES

Equestrian Facilities

UP

UP

 

Parks and Playgrounds

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

 

Religious Facilities

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

Schools – Public and Private

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

RESIDENTIAL USES (2)

Duplex

UP

P

P

UP

UP

 

Emergency Shelters

UP

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.033

Home Occupation

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

SMC 19.50.040

Live/Work Facilities

UP

 

Mobile Home Park

UP

 

Multifamily Dwelling (Four or Fewer Units)

UP

P

P

P

 

Multifamily Dwelling (Five or More Units)

UP

UP

UP

P

 

Residential Accessory Structures

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

 

Residential Care Homes, Six or Fewer Clients

P

P

P

 

Residential Care Homes, Seven or More Clients

UP

 

Single-Family Dwellings

P

P

P

P

P

UP

SMC 19.50.035

Accessory Dwelling Units

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

SMC 19.50.090

Accessory Dwelling Units, Junior

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

SMC 19.50.090

Supportive Housing (3)

P/UP

P/UP

P/UP

P/UP

 

Transitional Housing (3)

P/UP

P/UP

P/UP

P/UP

 

RETAIL TRADE AND SERVICES

Art, Antique, Collectible and Gift Sales

UP

 

Artisan Shops

UP

 

Bed and Breakfast Inns (B&Bs)

UP

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.030

Child Day Care Center

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

Child Day Care: Small Family Day Care Home

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

Child Day Care: Large Family Day Care Home

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

General Retail

UP

 

Governmental and Public Facilities

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

Libraries and Museums

UP

 

Medical Services – Extended Care

UP

UP

 

Offices, Professional and Administrative

UP

 

Personal Services

UP

 

Restaurant

UP

 

Senior Residential Care Facilities

UP

Telecommunications Facilities, Commercial

See Chapter 5.32 SMC, Telecommunications Facility and Antenna Criteria

 

SPECIAL PURPOSE USES

Public Utility Facilities

 

Public Utility Equipment

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

 

Notes:

1.    See SMC 19.10.050(C) regarding uses not listed. See Division VIII for definitions of the listed land uses.

2.    New residential developments subject to the city’s growth management ordinance (Chapter 19.94 SMC).

3.    Supportive and transitional housing shall be subject to those restrictions that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zone.

(Ord. 01-2017 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 02-2014 § 2(A), 2014; Ord. 06-2010 § 1, 2010).

 

Table 2-2

Commercial Uses and Permit Requirements 

Allowed Uses and Permit Requirements for Commercial Zoning Districts (1)

Permit Required by District (2)

P

Use permitted

UP

Use permit required

L

License required

Use not allowed

Land Use

C

CG

Specific Use Regulations

 

MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING USES

Artisans/Craft Product Manufacturing

UP

UP

 

 

 

Food and Beverage Manufacturing

UP

UP

 

 

 

Furniture/Fixtures Manufacturing, Cabinet Shops

UP

UP

 

 

 

Recycling Facilities – Reverse Vending Machines

UP

P

 

 

 

Recycling Facilities – Small Collection Facilities

UP

UP

 

 

 

Research and Development (R&D)

UP

 

 

 

Warehousing, Wholesaling and Distribution

UP

 

 

 

RECREATION, EDUCATION AND PUBLIC ASSEMBLY USES

Clubs, Lodges and Private Meeting Halls

UP

 

 

 

Community Centers

UP

UP

 

 

 

Health/Fitness Facilities

P

UP

 

 

 

Indoor Amusement/Entertainment Facilities

UP

UP

 

 

 

Libraries and Museums

P

P

 

 

 

Nightclubs and Bars

UP

UP

 

 

 

Outdoor Commercial Recreation

UP

UP

 

 

 

Religious Facilities

P

 

 

 

Schools – Specialized Education and Training

UP

UP

 

 

 

Studios for Art, Dance, Music, Photography, Etc.

P

UP

 

 

 

Theaters and Auditoriums

UP

UP

 

 

 

RESIDENTIAL USES (4)

Emergency Shelters

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.033

Live/Work Facilities

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.050

Multifamily Dwelling (Four or Fewer Units), Including Supportive and Transitional Housing

UP

UP

 

 

 

Multifamily Dwelling (Five or More Units), Including Supportive and Transitional Housing

UP

UP

 

 

 

Single-Room Occupancy Housing

UP

 

 

 

RETAIL TRADE

Accessory Retail Uses

P

P

 

 

 

Adult Business

UP

 

 

 

Art, Antique, Collectible and Gift Sales

P

P

 

 

 

Artisan Shops

P

UP

 

 

 

Auto and Vehicle Sales/Rental

UP

 

 

 

Building Material Stores

UP

UP

 

 

 

Drive-In and Drive-Through Sales

UP

 

 

 

Furniture, Furnishings and Equipment Stores

P

P

 

 

 

General Retail

P

P

 

 

 

Grocery Store

P

P

 

 

 

Music Venue

L

L

Chapter 5.34 SMC

Outdoor Retail Sales and Activities

UP

UP

 

 

 

Plant Nurseries and Garden Supply Stores

P

P

 

 

 

Restaurant

UP

UP

 

 

 

Second Hand Stores

P

P

 

 

 

Shopping Center

UP

UP

 

 

 

Special Event Venue

UP

UP

 

 

 

Wine Bar/Tap Rooms

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.130

Wine Tasting Facilities

P

P

SMC 19.50.120

SERVICES

Banks and Financial Services

P

P

 

 

 

Bed and Breakfast Inns (B&Bs)

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.030

Business Support Services

P

UP

 

 

 

Child Day Care Facilities

P

P

 

 

 

Drive-In and Drive-Through Services

UP

 

 

 

Equipment Rental

UP

 

 

 

Governmental and Public Facilities

P

P

 

 

 

Hotel or Motel

UP

UP

 

 

 

Medical Services – Clinics, Offices, Laboratories

UP

UP

 

 

 

Medical Services – Hospitals

UP

UP

 

 

 

Mortuaries and Funeral Homes

UP

 

 

 

Offices, Professional and Administrative

P

UP

 

 

 

Personal Services

P

P

 

 

 

Storage – Outdoor

UP

 

 

 

Storage – Personal Storage Facility (Mini-Storage)

UP

 

 

 

Telecommunications Facilities, Commercial

See Chapter 5.32 SMC, Telecommunications Facility and Antenna Criteria

Auto Parts Sales

P

 

 

 

Vacation Rental

SMC 19.50.110

Vehicle Services, Car Washes

UP

 

 

 

Vehicle Services, Repair and Maintenance

UP

 

 

 

Vehicle Services, Service Station

UP

SMC 19.50.100

Repair Services, for Consumer Products

P

UP

 

 

 

SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Commercial Development, Large

UP

UP

Chapter 5.34 SMC

Development Adjacent to a Residential Zone (4)

UP

UP

 

 

 

Formula Business, Small

P/UP (5)

P

SMC 19.50.035

Formula Business, Large

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.035

Formula Restaurant, Large

UP/– (6)

UP

SMC 19.50.035

Shopping Center, Reconfiguration

UP

UP

 

 

 

SPECIAL PURPOSE USES

Public Utility Facilities

 

 

 

Public Utility Equipment

P

P

 

 

 

Notes:

1.    See SMC 19.10.050(C) regarding uses not listed. See Division VIII for definitions of the listed land uses.

2.    New residential developments subject to the city’s growth management ordinance (Chapter 19.94 SMC).

3.    Supportive and transitional housing shall be subject to those restrictions that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zone.

4.    Defined as new commercial construction or an addition to an existing commercial building, having an area of 1,000 square feet or greater.

5.    Use permit required within the historic overlay zone.

6.    Prohibited in /P plaza retail district. See SMC 19.50.035.

(Ord. 11-2017 § 1, 2017; Ord. 03-2014 § 2(A), 2014; Ord. 02-2014 § 2(B), 2014; Ord. 03-2012 § 1(B), 2012; Ord. 02-2012 § 2(A), 2012).

 

Table 2-3

Mixed Uses and Permit Requirements 

Allowed Uses and Permit Requirements for Mixed Use Zoning Districts (1)

Permit Required by District (2)

P

Use permitted

UP

Use permit required

L

License required

Use not allowed

Land Use

 

MX

Specific Use Regulations

 

MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING USES (3)

Artisans/Craft Product Manufacturing

 

UP

 

 

 

Food and Beverage Manufacturing

 

UP

 

 

 

Furniture/Fixtures Manufacturing, Cabinet Shops

 

UP

 

 

 

Change in Existing Nonconforming Uses

 

UP

SMC 19.82.020

Recycling Facilities – Small Collection Facilities

 

 

 

 

Research and Development (R&D)

 

UP

 

 

 

Warehousing, Wholesaling and Distribution

 

 

 

 

RECREATION, EDUCATION AND PUBLIC ASSEMBLY USES (3)

Clubs, Lodges, and Private Meeting Halls

 

UP

 

 

 

Community Centers

 

UP

 

 

 

Health/Fitness Facilities

 

UP

 

 

 

Indoor Amusement/Entertainment Facilities

 

UP

 

 

 

Libraries and Museums

 

UP

 

 

 

Outdoor Commercial Recreation

 

 

 

 

Religious Facilities

 

UP

 

 

 

Schools – Specialized Education and Training

 

UP

 

 

 

Studios for Art, Dance, Music, Photography, Etc.

 

UP

 

 

 

Theaters and Auditoriums

 

UP

 

 

 

RESIDENTIAL USES (4)

Emergency Shelters

 

UP

SMC 19.50.033

Live/Work Facilities

 

UP

SMC 19.50.050

Multifamily Dwelling (Four or Fewer Units)

 

P

 

 

 

Multifamily Dwelling (Five or More Units)

 

UP

 

 

 

Residential Care Homes, Seven or More Clients

 

UP

 

 

 

Single-Family Dwellings

 

P (5)

 

 

 

Supportive Housing, Four or Fewer Units

 

P

 

 

 

Supportive Housing, Five or More Units

 

UP

 

 

 

Transitional Housing, Four or Fewer Units

 

P

 

 

 

Transitional Housing, Five or More Units

 

UP

 

 

 

RETAIL TRADE (3)

Accessory Retail Uses

 

UP

 

 

 

Art, Antique, Collectible and Gift Sales

 

UP

 

 

 

Artisan Shops

 

UP

 

 

 

Auto and Vehicle Sales/Rental

 

 

 

 

Building Material Stores

 

 

 

 

Drive-In and Drive-Through Sales

 

UP

 

 

 

Farmers Market

 

UP

 

 

 

Fueling Station

 

UP

 

 

 

Furniture, Furnishings and Equipment Stores

 

UP

 

 

 

General Retail

 

UP

 

 

 

Grocery Store

 

UP

 

 

 

Music Venue

 

L

Chapter 5.34 SMC

Outdoor Retail Sales and Activities

 

UP

 

 

 

Plant Nurseries and Garden Supply Stores

 

UP

 

 

 

Restaurant

 

UP

 

 

 

Second Hand Stores

 

UP

 

 

 

Shopping Center

 

UP

 

 

 

Special Event Venue (6)

 

UP

 

 

 

Wine Bar/Tap Rooms

 

UP

SMC 19.50.130

Wine Tasting Facilities

 

UP

SMC 19.50.120

SERVICES (3)

Auto Parts Sales

 

UP

 

 

 

Banks and Financial Services

 

UP

 

 

 

Bed and Breakfast Inns (B&Bs)

 

UP

 

 

 

Business Support Services

 

UP

 

 

 

Child Day Care Facilities

 

UP

 

 

 

Drive-In and Drive-Through Facilities

 

UP

 

 

 

Equipment Rental

 

UP

 

 

 

Governmental and Public Facilities

 

UP

 

 

 

Hotel or Motel

 

UP

 

 

 

Medical Services – Clinics, Offices, Laboratories

 

UP

 

 

 

Medical Services – Hospitals

 

 

 

 

Mortuaries and Funeral Homes

 

UP

 

 

 

Offices, Professional and Administrative

 

UP

 

 

 

Personal Services

 

UP

 

 

 

Storage – Outdoor

 

SMC 19.40.100(D)

Storage – Personal Storage Facility (Mini-Storage)

 

 

 

 

Telecommunications Facilities, Commercial

See Chapter 5.32 SMC, Telecommunications Facility and Antenna Criteria

Vacation Rental

 

SMC 19.50.110

Vehicle Services, Repair and Maintenance

 

UP

 

 

 

Vehicle Services, Service Stations

 

SMC 19.50.100

Repair Services for Consumer Products

 

UP

 

 

 

SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Formula Business, Small

 

UP

SMC 19.50.035

Formula Business, Large

 

UP

SMC 19.50.035

Formula Restaurant, Large

 

UP

SMC 19.50.035

SPECIAL PURPOSE USES

Public Utility Facilities

 

 

 

 

Public Utility Equipment

 

P

 

 

 

Notes:

1.    See SMC 19.10.050(C) regarding uses not listed. See Division VIII for definitions of the listed land uses.

2.    New development in the Mixed Use zone shall include a residential component unless waived by the planning commission through use permit review (see SMC 19.10.020(C)).

3.    Uses within these categories are allowed only if the planning commission finds that the use will not result in the encroachment of incompatible commercial uses within an established residential area.

4.    New residential developments subject to the city’s growth management ordinance.

5.    Limited to a single residence on an existing lot of record; otherwise, use permit approval is required.

6.    On sites of one acre in size or larger.

(Ord. 11-2017 § 2, 2017; Ord. 01-2017 § 1 (Exh. A), 2017; Ord. 03-2014 § 2(B), 2014; Ord. 02-2014 § 2(C), 2014; Ord. 03-2012 § 1(C), 2012; Ord. 02-2012 § 2(B), 2012).

 

Table 2-4

Special Purpose Uses and Permit Requirements 

Allowed Uses and Permit Requirements for Special Purpose Zoning Districts

Permit Required by District

P

Use permitted

UP

Use permit required

L

License required

Use not allowed

Land Use (1)

A

Pk

P

W

Specific Use Regulations

 

AGRICULTURAL AND OPEN SPACE USES

Crop Production and Horticulture

P

P

 

 

Livestock Raising

P

SMC 19.50.020

Prescribed Grazing

UP

 

 

Produce Stands for On-Site Production

P

SMC 19.50.070

Trails, Hiking and Bicycling

P

P

P

 

 

MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING USES

Agricultural or Food Processing

UP

 

 

Wineries

UP

 

 

Winery Accessory Uses

UP

SMC 19.50.020

RECREATION, EDUCATION AND PUBLIC ASSEMBLY USES

Community Centers

UP

 

 

Community Garden

UP

UP

 

 

Equestrian Facilities

UP

UP

SMC 19.50.020

Libraries and Museums

UP

UP

 

 

Parks and Playgrounds

P

P

 

 

Recreational Facilities

UP

P

 

 

Schools, Public and Private

P

 

 

Theaters and Auditoriums

UP

P

 

 

RESIDENTIAL USES (2)

Agricultural Employee Housing

P

 

 

Caretaker and Employee Housing

UP

UP

UP

UP

 

 

Emergency Shelters, 15 or Fewer Beds

P

SMC 19.50.033

Emergency Shelters, 16 or More Beds

UP

SMC 19.50.033

Residential Accessory Structures and Uses

P

SMC 19.50.080

Single-Family Dwellings, Including Supportive and Transitional Housing

P

 

 

Supportive Housing

UP

 

 

Transitional Housing

UP

 

 

Vacation Rental

UP

SMC

19.50.110

SERVICES

Offices – Administrative

UP

UP

 

 

Cemeteries

P

 

 

Child Day Care Facilities

P

 

 

Corporation Yard

P

 

 

Farmers Market

P

P

P

 

 

Governmental and Public Facilities

UP

UP

 

 

Kennel

UP

 

 

Medical Services – Hospitals

UP

 

 

Telecommunications Facilities, Commercial

See Chapter 5.32 SMC, Telecommunications Facility and Antenna Criteria

SPECIAL PURPOSE USES

Public Utility Facilities

UP

 

 

Public Utility Equipment

P

P

P

P

 

 

Notes:

1.    See SMC 19.10.050(C) regarding uses not listed. See Division VIII for definitions of the listed land uses.

2.    New residential developments subject to the city’s growth management ordinance (Chapter 19.94 SMC).

3.    Supportive and transitional housing shall be subject to those restrictions that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type in the same zone.

(Ord. 08-2015 § 1, 2015; Ord. 03-2015 § 1, 2015; Ord. 02-2014 § 2(D), 2014).


1

Code reviser’s note: The development code document adopted by Ordinance 2003-02 contains a color, foldout map zoning map of the city of Sonoma that is not included in this title. Copies are on file in the office of the city clerk.