Chapter 19.48
PARKING AND LOADING STANDARDS

Sections:

19.48.010    Purpose.

19.48.020    Applicability.

19.48.030    General parking regulations.

19.48.040    Number of parking spaces required.

19.48.050    Adjustments to parking requirements.

19.48.060    Disabled/handicapped parking requirements.

19.48.070    Development standards for parking facilities.

19.48.080    Development guidelines for parking facilities.

19.48.090    Landscaping of parking facilities.

19.48.100    Driveways.

19.48.110    Bicycle parking requirements.

19.48.120    Loading space requirements.

19.48.010 Purpose.

This chapter provides off-street parking and loading standards to:

A. Provide for the general welfare and convenience of persons within the city by ensuring adequate off-street parking and loading facilities to meet the needs generated by specific uses;

B. Increase public safety by reducing congestion on public streets;

C. Ensure access and maneuverability for emergency vehicles; and

D. Provide adequate loading facilities to reduce the use of public streets for loading purposes. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.020 Applicability.

Every use, including a change or expansion of a use or structure, shall have off-street parking and loading facilities in compliance with the provisions of this chapter. A use shall not be commenced and structures shall not be occupied until improvements required by this chapter are satisfactorily completed. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.030 General parking regulations.

A. Parking and Loading Spaces to Be Permanent. Required parking and loading spaces shall be permanently available, marked, and maintained for parking or loading purposes and shall be located on the site they are intended to serve unless otherwise approved by the planning commission. Parking facilities approved to be located off site shall be located within 300 feet of the use they are intended to serve. Where stormwater runoff management, detention, or infiltration is a requirement, parking facilities approved to be located off site shall be included in all associated runoff calculations.

B. Parking and Loading to Be Unrestricted. Owners, lessees, tenants, or persons having control of operation of a premises for which parking or loading spaces are required by this chapter shall not prevent, prohibit, or restrict authorized persons from using those spaces, except that temporary restrictions may be allowed subject to the approval of the city planner.

C. Existing Parking. Existing parking or loading spaces shall not be reduced to an amount below that which is required by this chapter. The city planner may approve the temporary reduction of parking or loading spaces in conjunction with a seasonal or intermittent use for a period of not more than 30 days. Longer periods may be allowed with the approval of a temporary use permit (SMC 19.54.030).

D. Maintenance. Parking spaces, driveways, maneuvering aisles, turnaround areas, and landscaped areas shall be kept free of dust, graffiti, and litter; and striping, paving, walls, light standards, and all other facilities shall be permanently maintained.

E. Use of Commercial Parking. Parking developed under this chapter for commercial uses shall be available for use by the general public during business hours without charge and without reservation by individual tenant space, unless otherwise authorized by the planning commission. (Ord. 05-2015 § 6, 2015; Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.040 Number of parking spaces required.

Each land use shall provide at least the minimum number of off-street parking spaces found to be required by this chapter, except where a greater number of spaces is required through approval of a discretionary permit or a parking reduction is granted in compliance with SMC 19.48.050, Adjustments to parking requirements.

A. Parking Requirements by Land Use. The minimum number of parking spaces to be provided for each use shall be in compliance with Table 4-4 and the following requirements. Additional spaces may be required for company-owned vehicles or through entitlement approval.

B. New Developments. All new developments, except an expansion of an existing structure (see subsection (D) of this section), shall provide parking and loading spaces as required by Table 4-4 or as may be modified by SMC 19.48.050(B), Adjustments to Parking Requirements – Shared Use of Parking Facilities).

C. Change to Similar Use. When the use of a structure changes to a use that requires the same number of parking spaces as the immediately previous use, the number of required parking spaces for the new use shall remain the same, regardless of the number of spaces actually provided by the previous use; provided, that the previous use was legally established and no spaces were subsequently eliminated.

D. Expansion of Structure or Change in Use. When a structure is enlarged or increased in capacity, or when a change in use requires more parking than the previous use, additional parking spaces shall be provided in compliance with this chapter. The number of parking spaces required for an addition to a structure shall be based on the parking requirement associated with the entire structure.

Table 4-4

Parking Requirements by Land Use 

Land Use Type:

Manufacturing, Processing, and Warehousing

Vehicle Spaces Required

General manufacturing, industrial and processing uses

One space for each 500 sq. ft. of gross floor area for the first 20,000 sq. ft.; and one space for each 1,000 sq. ft. thereafter. The gross floor area may include incidental office space comprising less than 20% of the total gross floor area. Parking requirements for additional office space shall be calculated separately as provided by this table for “Offices.”

Recycling facilities

Determined by use permit.

Research and development, laboratories

One space for each 600 sq. ft. of gross floor area, plus one space for each company vehicle.

Warehouses and storage facilities

One space for each 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area. The gross floor area may include incidental office space comprising less than 20% of the total gross floor area. Parking requirements for additional office space shall be calculated separately as provided by this table for “Offices.”

Land Use Type:

Recreation, Education, Public Assembly

Vehicle Spaces Required

Child day care centers (nursery schools)

One space for each 10 children, plus permanent drop-off area as approved by the city planner.

Large family day care homes

One space for each employee, in addition to the required residential spaces.

Churches, other places of worship, and mortuaries, meeting halls, and performance theaters

One space for each four seats or one space for each 75 sq. ft. of gross floor area, whichever is greater.

Indoor arcades, amusement centers

One space for each 250 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Health/fitness clubs

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Libraries, museums, art galleries, and similar nonassembly cultural uses

Determined by commission based on location, nature, and frequency of use.

Outdoor recreation, playgrounds, playing fields, and parks

Determined by commission based on location, nature, and frequency of use.

Schools (private) elementary/junior high

Two spaces for each classroom.

High school

Two spaces for each classroom, plus one space for every seven students.

Trade and business schools

Two spaces for each classroom, plus one space for every two students.

Studios for dance and art

One space for each 200 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Land Use Type:

Residential Uses

Vehicle Spaces Required

Group quarters (including boarding houses, rooming houses, and dormitories)

One space for each bed, plus one space for each eight beds for guest parking, plus one space for each employee on largest shift.

Duplex housing units

One and one-half space for each unit.

Mobile homes (in mobile home parks)

One space for each mobile home, plus one guest parking space for each four units.

Multifamily dwellings, condominiums and other attached dwellings

One and one-half space for each unit with one space for each unit covered, plus guest parking at the rate of 25% of total required spaces.

Mixed use developments

Determined by use permit.

Live-work developments

One space per 300 sq. ft. of the area devoted to work space, plus one space for every four units.

Accessory dwelling units

See SMC 19.50.090 (Accessory Dwelling Units).

Accessory dwelling units, junior

None required.

Senior housing projects

One space for each two units with half the spaces covered, plus one guest parking space for each 10 units.

Senior congregate care facilities

0.5 space for each residential unit, plus one space for each four units for guests and employees.

Single-family housing

One space in a garage or carport per unit.

Land Use Type:

Retail Trade

Vehicle Spaces Required

Appliance, building materials, furniture, bulk goods, and plant nurseries

One space for each 600 sq. ft. of gross floor area and one space for each company vehicle, plus one space for each 1,000 sq. ft. of outdoor display area.

Automobile, construction equipment, mobile home, machinery, and parts sale

One space for each 600 sq. ft. of gross floor area, plus one space for each 3,000 sq. ft. of outdoor display, service area, plus one space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area for a parts department, plus one space for each three employees.

Convenience stores

One space for each 200 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Restaurants (except fast food), cafes, cafeterias, nightclubs, taverns, lounges, wine bar/tap rooms, or similar establishments for the consumption of food and beverages on the premises

One space for each four seats. For outdoor seating, no off-street parking shall be required for up to 25% of the approved number of indoor seats.

Retail sales/general merchandise

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross sales area, plus one space for each company vehicle, plus one space for each 1,000 sq. ft. of outdoor display area.

Wine tasting facilities

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross sales area. For outdoor seating, no off-street parking shall be required.

Land Use Type:

Service Uses

Vehicle Spaces Required

Banks and financial services

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Bed and breakfast establishment

One space for each guest room, plus one space for resident manager.

Copy and reproduction centers

One space for each 400 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Consumer products – repair and maintenance

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Equipment rental

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of floor area, plus one space for each 1,000 sq. ft. of outdoor use area.

Hotels and motels

One space for each guest room, plus one space for each two employees on the largest shift, plus required spaces for accessory uses.

Medical services, clinics, medical/dental offices

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area, plus one space for each employee/staff member.

Extended care (convalescent hospitals, nursing homes, and residential care homes)

One space for each four beds the facility is licensed to accommodate.

Hospitals

One space for each patient bed the facility is licensed to accommodate, plus required spaces for ancillary uses as determined by the city planner.

Medical/dental labs

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Offices, administrative, corporate

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Pet grooming

One space for each 400 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Personal services: Barber/beauty shops (and other personal services)

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Dry cleaning pick-up facilities

One space for each 400 sq. ft. of activity area, plus one space for each 1,000 sq. ft. of storage area.

Laundromats

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area.

Service stations

One space for each 300 sq. ft. of gross floor area; plus three spaces for each service bay, plus additional spaces for food service or convenience market.

Storage, personal storage facilities

Four spaces for manager office.

Vehicle repair and maintenance/repair garage

Four spaces for each service bay, plus adequate queuing lanes for each bay, plus one space for each two employees on the largest shift.

Full-service vehicle washing

Four spaces, plus one space for each wash lane or drying area, plus queuing area for vehicles ahead of each lane.

Vacation rental

One space per bedroom.

Veterinary clinics and hospitals

One space for each 400 sq. ft. of gross floor area, plus one space for each 800 sq. ft. of boarding area.

E. Structures Demolished and Replaced. When a structure (or a portion of a structure) is intentionally demolished, any new use or structure shall provide the number of parking spaces required by this chapter, except that if a designated unreinforced masonry building is demolished, the new structure or use shall be required to provide only the number of parking spaces that existed prior to the demolition.

F. Existing Unreinforced Masonry Structures and Structures Adjoining the Plaza. For unreinforced masonry structures designated by the city in compliance with Government Code 8875 et seq. and existing structures that face the plaza, additional parking shall not be required for a new use unless the new use results in one of the following:

1. An increase in the square footage of the structure; or

2. An off-street parking requirement that exceeds one parking space for each 300 square feet of floor area.

Additional off-street parking shall only be required for the expansion in building area or as associated with the increased parking ratio, as applicable.

G. Additional Parking Spaces Not Required. An addition to a structure made solely for the purpose of increasing access for disabled persons shall not require the provision of additional parking spaces.

H. Compact Parking Spaces. A maximum of 30 percent of the required parking spaces for multifamily, commercial, and industrial uses may be compact spaces.

I. Multitenant Sites. A site with multiple tenants or activities shall provide the aggregate number of parking spaces required by this chapter for each separate use, except where shared parking may be allowed in compliance with SMC 19.48.050(B), Shared Use of Parking Facilities.

J. Uses Not Listed. Land uses not specifically listed by subsection (A) of this section shall provide parking as required by the applicable review authority. The requirements of subsection (A) of this section shall be used as a guide in determining the minimum number of off-street parking spaces to be provided.

K. Rounding of Quantities. When calculating the number of parking spaces required, fractional spaces equal to or greater than one-half shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number and fractions less than one-half shall be eliminated.

L. Bench or Bleacher Seating. Where fixed seating is provided in the form of benches or bleachers, a seat shall be construed to be 20 inches of continuous bench space for the purpose of calculating the number of required parking spaces. (Ord. 01-2017 § 1 (Exh. B), 2017; Ord. 03-2014 § 3, 2014; Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.050 Adjustments to parking requirements.

A. General Reduction of Requirements.

1. Modification of Standards. The planning commission may modify the off-street parking requirements outlined in this chapter in compliance with SMC 19.54.050, Exceptions.

2. Second Uses. Parking requirements for a second use within a single building (e.g., a restaurant in a hotel or a shop within a sports facility) may be reduced by up to one-half the normal parking requirement upon the determination by the planning commission that a reduction is justified.

3. Mixed Uses. Parking requirements for commercial and residential mixed uses located in a commercial zone may be reduced upon determination by the planning commission that a reduction is justified. If required by the planning commission, a parking demand study, prepared by an independent licensed traffic engineer, shall be provided by the applicant which presents justification for the requested modification.

B. Shared Use of Parking Facilities. Where two or more adjacent nonresidential uses have distinct and differing peak parking usage periods (e.g., a theater and a bank), a reduction in the required number of parking spaces may be approved by the planning commission; provided, that the most remote space is located within 300 feet of the use it is intended to serve. The amount of reduction may be up to the amount of spaces required for the least intensive of the uses sharing the parking. It shall be the responsibility of the applicant to provide sufficient data, including a parking study if required by the planning commission, to indicate that there is no conflict in the peak parking demand for the uses proposing to make joint use of the parking facilities. The property owners involved in the joint use of parking facilities shall record an agreement, approved by the city attorney, with the county recorder. A copy of the agreement shall be filed with the city planner.

C. In-Lieu Parking Fee. A portion of all of the parking spaces required for a commercial use need not be provided by the use if an in-lieu fee is approved by the planning commission and contributed by the developer to a parking improvement trust fund. The amount of the fee and time of payment shall be established by resolution of the city council. As a result of participating in the support of a public parking facility, an owner or developer may receive a reduction in the total number of parking spaces required based on the number of spaces purchased in the public parking facility and subject to approval by the commission. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.060 Disabled/handicapped parking requirements.

Parking areas shall include parking spaces accessible to the disabled in the following manner:

A. Number of Spaces, Design Standards. Parking spaces for the disabled shall be provided in compliance with Section 1129B of the Uniform Building Code;

B. Reservation of Spaces Required. Disabled access spaces required by this chapter shall be reserved by the property owner/tenant for use by the disabled throughout the life of the approved land use;

C. Upgrading of Markings Required. If amendments to state law change standards for the marking, striping, and signing of disabled parking spaces, disabled accessible spaces shall be upgraded in compliance with the new standards. Upgrading shall be completed by affected property owners within 60 days of being notified in writing by the city of new state standards. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.070 Development standards for parking facilities.

Parking facilities shall be provided in the following manner:

A. Access. Access to off-street parking areas shall be provided in the following manner:

1. Parking areas shall provide suitable maneuvering room so that vehicles enter an abutting street or alley in a forward direction. The review authority may approve exceptions for single-family homes and duplexes, and for nonresidential uses where parking areas immediately adjoin a public alley.

2. A minimum unobstructed clearance height of 14 feet shall be maintained above vehicle lanes and parking spaces.

B. Parking Space and Driveway Dimensions. Parking spaces and access driveways shall be dimensioned in compliance with current city standards on file with the city clerk and made a part hereof. Two-way traffic aisles shall have a minimum width of 20 feet.

C. Drainage.

1. Surface water from parking lots shall not drain over sidewalks or adjacent parcels.

2. Parking lots shall be designed in compliance with the storm water quality and quantity standards of the city’s best management practices.

D. Directional Arrows and Signs.

1. Parking spaces, driveways, circulation aisles, and maneuvering areas shall be clearly marked with directional arrows and lines to ensure the safe and efficient flow of vehicles.

2. The city planner may require the installation of the traffic signs in addition to directional arrows to ensure the safe and efficient flow of vehicles in a parking facility.

E. Location. Off-street parking areas shall be located as follows:

1. Required parking shall be located on the same parcel as the uses served, except that parking may be located on a parcel adjacent to, or within 300 feet of, the use served subject to approval of the commission and the recording of a covenant with the county recorder guaranteeing that the required parking will be maintained exclusively for the use served. The agreement shall be approved by the city attorney and a copy shall be filed with the planning division.

2. Uncovered parking spaces shall be set back from any street a minimum distance of five feet. The setback area shall be fully landscaped.

3. Parking facilities shall be separated from buildings by either a raised walkway, landscape strip, or preferably a combination of both. Situations where parking aisles or spaces directly abut the building are prohibited.

4. Parking for multifamily uses shall be located within 200 feet of the units they are intended to serve.

5. Bicycle spaces shall be situated so that they do not obstruct the flow of pedestrians at entrances or sidewalks.

F. Striping and Identification. Parking spaces shall be clearly outlined with four-inch wide lines painted on the surface of the parking facility. Parking spaces for the disabled shall be striped and marked according to the applicable state and federal standards.

G. Surfacing. Parking spaces and maneuvering areas shall be paved and permanently maintained with asphalt, concrete, or other all-weather surfacing in compliance with city standards. Alternative surfaces may be allowed subject to the review and approval of the planning commission.

H. Wheel Stops/Curbing. In parking lots of more than 10 spaces, continuous concrete curbing at least six inches high and six inches wide shall be provided for parking spaces located adjacent to fences, walls, property lines, landscaped areas, and structures. Individual wheel stops or a continuous curb with periodic depressions to the level of the adjacent parking surface may be provided in lieu of continuous curbing when the parking is adjacent to a landscaped area, and the drainage is directed to the landscaped area. Wheel stops shall be placed to allow for two feet of vehicle overhang area within the dimension of the parking space. (Ord. 05-2015 § 7, 2015; Ord. 06-2013 § 3, 2013; amended during June 2011 supplement; Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.080 Development guidelines for parking facilities.

The following guidelines shall be considered by the planning commission or the design review and historic preservation commission, as applicable, in the review of discretionary planning applications involving the creation or modification of parking facilities:

A. Access to Adjacent Sites. Applicants for nonresidential developments are encouraged to provide shared vehicle and pedestrian access to adjacent nonresidential properties for convenience, safety, and efficient circulation. Where parking facilities on adjoining parcels provide mutual access, a reduction in the number of required parking spaces may be considered in compliance with SMC 19.48.050(B), Shared Use of Parking Facilities. A joint access agreement guaranteeing the continued availability of the shared access between the properties and running with the land shall be recorded by the owners of the abutting properties, as approved by the city planner.

B. Access for Pedestrians. New commercial or multifamily residential development, or any change of use or expansion of an existing commercial or multifamily development requiring the installation of additional parking, should provide pedestrian access as follows:

1. A minimum of one pedestrian walkway from the nearest public sidewalk through the parking lot to the commercial or residential use(s). Additional walkways should be considered on a case-by-case basis.

2. Walkways should be a minimum of four feet in width, designed to be clearly separate physically (e.g., raised sidewalk) or in appearance (e.g., enhanced paving) from parking or driveway areas, and located in a manner that provides convenient access between the public sidewalk and the use.

3. Pedestrian access should incorporate enhanced paving (e.g., special paving materials), trellis structures, and landscaping.

C. Circulation. Within parking lots, vehicular circulation should be provided for as follows:

1. Parking facilities should be designed with a clear and efficient hierarchy of circulation: major access drives with no parking; circulation drives with little or no parking; and parking aisles for direct access to parking spaces.

2. Parking layouts that necessitate a cul-de-sac or similar type of turning facility for reversing direction of travel in order to exit from the parking area are discouraged. Cul-de-sac, hammer heads, and similar direction-reversing facilities may be approved by the review authority when other alternatives are not feasible. (Ord. 06-2013 § 3, 2013; amended during June 2011 supplement; Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.090 Landscaping of parking facilities.

Landscaping of parking facilities shall be provided and maintained in compliance with the provisions of this section.

A. Amount of Landscaping Required. At a minimum, parking facilities shall provide landscaping in the amounts as set forth in Table 4-5.

Table 4-5

Required Landscaping for Parking Facilities

Parking Facility Size

Percent of Facility
to be Landscaped

 

1 – 6 spaces

7%

7 or more spaces

12%

B. Landscape Materials. Landscaping materials shall be provided throughout the parking lot area using a combination of trees, shrubs and ground cover. Drought-tolerant landscape materials shall be emphasized, consistent with the city’s low-water use landscaping ordinance. Trees shall be provided throughout the parking area at a rate of one tree for every 10 parking spaces. All trees within the parking area shall be a minimum one-inch caliper size at the time of planting.

C. Curbing, Irrigation. Landscaped areas shall be bordered by a concrete curb at least six inches high and shall be provided with an automatic irrigation system. Alternative barrier designs may be approved by the city planner.

D. Bumper Overhang Areas. To increase the parking lot landscaped area, a maximum of two feet of the parking stall depth may be landscaped with low-growth, hearty materials in lieu of paving, allowing a two-foot bumper overhang while maintaining the required parking dimensions. Bumper overhang areas shall not encroach over the required width of a sidewalk.

E. Parking Lot Screening. Parking areas adjoining a public street should be designed to provide a five-foot wide landscaped planting strip between the street right-of-way and parking area. The landscaping should be designed and maintained to screen cars from view from the street to a height of 36 inches. Screening materials may include a combination of plant materials, earth berms, wood fences, masonry walls, raised planters, or other screening devices that meet the intent of this requirement. Plant materials, walls, or structures within a traffic safety sight area of a driveway shall not exceed 30 inches in height.

F. Parking Lots Adjacent to Residential Uses. Parking areas for nonresidential uses adjoining residential uses shall provide a landscaped buffer yard between the parking area and the common property line bordering the residential use. A solid masonry wall or wooden fence and landscaping shall be provided along the property line. Trees shall be provided at a rate of one for each 30 linear feet of landscaped area.

G. Larger Projects. Parking facilities with more than 50 spaces shall provide a concentration of landscape elements at primary entrances, including specimen trees, flowering plants, and enhanced paving. Additionally, larger parking facilities should be broken up into a series of small parking lots separated by landscaping and pedestrian walkways.

H. Lighting. Parking areas shall have lighting capable of providing adequate illumination for security and safety. Lighting standards shall be energy-efficient and in scale with the height and use of the on-site structure(s). All illumination, including security lighting, shall be directed downward, away from adjacent properties and public rights-of-way in compliance with SMC 19.40.030, Exterior lighting. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.100 Driveways.

Driveways providing site access shall be from an improved street, alley, or other public and/or private right-of-way, and shall be designed, constructed, and maintained as follows:

A. Number of Driveways. Up to two driveways shall be allowed for each parcel two acres or more in size unless the city engineer determines that more than two driveways are required to accommodate traffic volumes on specific projects. Additional driveways shall not be allowed if it is determined to be detrimental to traffic flow on the adjacent street(s). Whenever a property has access to more than one street, access shall be generally limited to the lowest volume street, where the impact of a new access will be minimized, unless otherwise approved by the city engineer.

B. Distance from Street Corners. Driveways to parking areas, except single-family residential drives, shall be located a minimum of 150 feet from the nearest intersection, as measured from the centerline of the driveway to the centerline of the nearest travel lane of the intersecting street. For parcels with frontages less than 150 feet, the minimum distance shall be 100 feet unless a lesser distance is approved by the city engineer.

C. Driveway Spacing. Driveways shall be separated along the street frontage as follows:

1. Single-Family and Duplex Residential Development. Driveways shall be separated by at least six feet, unless a shared, single driveway is approved by the city engineer. The six-foot separation does not include the transition or wing sections on each side of the driveway; and

2. Multifamily and Nonresidential Development. Where two or more driveways serve the same or adjacent multifamily or nonresidential development, the centerlines of the driveways shall be separated by a minimum of 50 feet. Exceptions to this standard shall be subject to the approval of the city engineer.

D. Clearance from Obstruction. The nearest edge of a driveway apron or curb return shall be at least five feet from the nearest property line, centerline of a fire hydrant, utility pole, traffic signal, light standards, or other similar facilities. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.110 Bicycle parking requirements.

New multifamily residential and commercial development, and any change of a commercial use within an existing structure requiring approval of a conditional use permit shall provide bicycle parking as follows:

A. The amount and location of bicycle parking shall be determined on a case-by-case basis by the review authority;

B. Bicycle parking areas shall have all-weather protection unless otherwise approved by the review authority;

C. Each bicycle parking space shall include a stationary device to adequately secure and support the bicycle; and

D. Bicycle parking spaces shall be conveniently located and generally within proximity to the main entrance to the structure. (Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).

19.48.120 Loading space requirements.

A. Number of Loading Spaces Required. Nonresidential uses shall provide off-street loading space(s) in compliance with Table 4-6 below. Requirements for uses not listed shall be determined by the city planner or the planning commission, as applicable, based upon the requirements for comparable uses.

B. Standards for Loading Areas. Off-street loading areas shall be provided in the following manner:

1. Dimensions. Loading spaces shall be a minimum of 12 feet in width, 40 feet in length, with 14 feet of vertical clearance;

2. Lighting. Loading areas shall have lighting capable of providing adequate illumination for security and safety. Lighting sources shall be shielded to prevent light spill beyond the property line. Lighting standards shall be energy-efficient and in scale with the height and use of adjacent structure(s);

3. Loading Ramps. Plans for loading ramps or truck wells shall be accompanied by a profile drawing showing the ramp, ramp transitions and overhead clearances;

4. Location. Loading spaces shall be located and designed as follows:

a. As near as possible to the main structure and limited to the rear two-thirds of the parcel, if feasible;

b. Situated to ensure that the loading facility is screened from adjacent streets to the greatest degree possible;

c. Situated to ensure that loading and unloading takes place on-site and in no case within adjacent public rights-of-way or other on-site traffic circulation areas;

d. Situated to ensure that vehicular maneuvers occur on-site; and

e. Situated to avoid adverse impacts upon neighboring residential properties;

5. Screening. Loading areas shall be screened from abutting parcels and streets with dense landscaping or solid walls or fences with a minimum height of six feet; and

6. Striping. Loading areas shall be striped indicating the loading spaces and identifying the spaces for “loading only.” The striping shall be permanently maintained by the property owner/tenant in a clear and visible manner at all times.

Table 4-6

Loading Requirements

Type of Land Use

Loading Spaces Required

 

Commercial and other allowed uses

One space for each 10,000 square feet of gross floor area

Manufacturing, research and development, institutional, and service

One space for each 10,000 square feet of gross floor area

Office uses and public uses

One space for each 25,000 square feet of gross floor area

Multifamily residential uses

One space for each 25,000 square feet of gross floor area

(Ord. 2003-02 § 3, 2003).