Chapter 19
HEALTH AND SANITATION1

Art. I.    In General, §§ 19-119-15

Art. II.    Reserved, §§ 19-1619-42

Art. III.    Reserved, §§ 19-4319-57

Art. IV.    Slaughterhouses and Depositories for Dead Animals, §§ 19-5819-72

Art. V.    Rodent Control, §§ 19-7319-80

ARTICLE I. IN GENERAL

Sec. 19-1. Abatement of unsanitary buildings.

Whenever any building or part thereof shall, from any unsanitary cause, become unfit for human habitation, the health officer may issue an order to be affixed conspicuously to the door or building. A copy of said notice shall be served on the owner, agent, tenant or lessee thereof, requiring all persons to vacate such building or apartment until such time as the health officer shall determine that the unsanitary condition no longer exists. Failure to obey such order shall be a misdemeanor. The continued existence of such sanitary condition for a period of more than twenty-four (24) hours after the issuance and posting of such order shall constitute a public nuisance, abatable as provided by law. (Ord. No. 3320, § 1, 7-19-76)

Cross reference – Building regulations generally, Ch. 10.

Secs. 19-219-15. Reserved.

ARTICLE II. RESERVED2

Secs. 19-1619-42. Reserved.

ARTICLE III. RESERVED3

Secs. 19-4319-57. Reserved.

ARTICLE IV. SLAUGHTERHOUSES AND DEPOSITORIES FOR DEAD ANIMALS

Sec. 19-58. Slaughterhouses and depositories for dead animals.

No person shall carry on the business of slaughtering or rendering of any animal matter into fertilizing material or changing the form thereof in any manner or erect or keep any bone boiling establishment or depository of dead animals or animal matter at any place within the city or within one mile of the city limits at the nearest point, except upon written permission of the health officer. Any permit so granted may be revoked by the health officer whenever, in his judgment, it is necessary; provided, however, that this section shall not be construed to forbid the slaughtering of domestic fowl and game birds for the rendering of lard. (Code 1960, § 14-17)

Sec. 19-59. Certain acts declared nuisance; abatement of same.

(a) No person, as owner or occupant, shall permit or suffer on his premises any nuisance, either in carrying on any unwholesome or offensive trade, calling or business, suffer or permit any building, outhouse, sewer, sink, barn or other building or fixture to become filthy, dirty or unhealthful or permit any unsound or putrid meat, flesh, hides, skins, feathers or any unwholesome substance of any kind whatever.

(b) Whenever the health officer shall be informed of the existence of any nuisance he shall examine the premises or cause the same to be examined. If the nuisance is found to exist thereon, he shall immediately give or cause to be given a notice to the owner or occupant of such premises to remove such nuisance. If such nuisance be not removed in twenty-four (24) hours after such notice, the chief of police shall cause the same to be removed. Any police officer or any one by him duly authorized is hereby empowered to remove any obstruction which may be necessary in order to reach and remove such nuisance. The expense of such removal, when performed by the city, shall be paid by the owner or occupant in addition to any penalty that may be imposed for the violation of this chapter. (Code 1960, § 14-18)

Sec. 19-60. Accumulation of manure and offensive substances prohibited.

No pile or deposit of manure, offal, garbage or accumulation of any offensive, nauseous or unsanitary substance shall be made or permitted on public or private property within the city or in any area under the jurisdiction of the city. All manure vaults attached to stables and all deposits of manure therewith connected shall be so cared for by the owner as in no case shall become a nuisance. (Code 1960, § 14-19; Ord. No. 2237, art. III, § 1)

Secs. 19-6119-72. Reserved.

ARTICLE V. RODENT CONTROL

Sec. 19-73. Definitions.

For the purposes of this article, the following words shall have the meanings indicated unless the content clearly requires otherwise:

Health officer means the city sanitarian or any of his duly authorized representatives.

Occupant means the person who uses or occupies any premises for business purposes or any business building or fraction thereof. The owner, agent or custodian of any vacant premises or business building or any vacant portion thereof shall be considered, for the purpose of this article, as the occupant.

Owner means the owner, agent or custodian of a business building. The lessee of any business building shall be considered an owner for the purpose of this article when the lease under which he holds possession requires him to maintain and repair the building.

Premises shall mean any structure of any nature or real estate inside the city limits.

Rat eradication means the elimination or extermination of rats from any premises by any and all methods approved by the health officer.

Rat harborage means any place which provides shelter or protection for the continued existence or multiplication of rats, either in or outside of any business building.

Vent stoppage means a form of construction or repair to prevent the entry of rats into business buildings from the exterior or from one business building to another business building. (Code 1960, § 29-1; Ord. No. 3995, § 2, 3-25-91)

Sec. 19-74. Premises to be in rat-free condition.

All premises in the city shall be maintained in a vent stopped and rat-free condition by the owner or occupant. (Code 1960, § 29-2; Ord. No. 3995, § 3, 3-25-91)

Sec. 19-75. Food to be stored in ratproof containers; exception.

All food for human consumption and all animal feed shall be stored in ratproof containers, compartments or rooms; provided, that such storage shall be unnecessary if the same is kept in a vent stopped building approved by the health officer. (Code 1960, § 29-3)

Sec. 19-76. Garbage to be kept in ratproof containers.

All garbage and other waste material upon which rats may feed shall be placed and kept, until removed from the premises, in covered ratproof containers. (Code 1960, § 29-4)

Sec. 19-77. Premises to be kept free from rat harborages.

(a) All premises, improved or unimproved, and all open lots, areas, streets, sidewalks, alleys and other areas in the city shall be kept clean and free from all rubbish, loose material, lumber, boxes, barrels and loose iron that may serve as a harborage for rats.

(b) Any material that may provide rat harborage shall be placed upon supports in such a manner as to provide no refuge for rats.

(c) Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the keeping of domesticated rats as pets inside any structure within the city. (Code 1960, § 29-5; Ord. No. 3995, § 4, 3-25-91)

Sec. 19-78. Repairs and construction to comply with the provisions of this article.

All improvements, repairs, construction and maintenance of any premises, business building or any equipment or fixtures therein shall comply with the terms of this article. (Code 1960, § 29-6; Ord. No. 3995, § 5, 3-25-91)

Sec. 19-79. Violations to be corrected; notice.

(a) Whenever it shall come to the attention of the health officer that any of the provisions of this chapter are being violated or that any business building or premises or portion thereof is infested with rats or has rats therein or thereunder, the health officer shall serve upon the owner or occupant of such business building or premises or both a notice in writing pointing out the specific violation of any or all of the foregoing provisions and requiring such person to comply with the appropriate provision of this chapter. Such notice shall fix a time limit for compliance therewith, which shall in no event be less than fifteen (15) days from the date of the service of such notice.

(b) Any person failing to comply with the directions contained in such notice within the time specified therein shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor; provided, however, that if the health officer finds that the time specified in the notice is too short to permit a good faith compliance, he may, in writing, extend the time for compliance. (Code 1960, § 29-7)

Sec. 19-80. Inspections.

The health officer shall make periodic inspections for the purpose of seeing that this chapter is complied with. No owner or occupant of any building or premises shall refuse to permit such inspections; provided, that the same are made at reasonable times. (Code 1960, § 29-8)


1

Cross references – Garbage, rubbish and weeds, Ch. 17; mobile homes, Ch. 23.


2

Editor’s note – Ord. No. 3995, § 1, adopted March 25, 1991, amended the code by deleting provisions contained in Art. II, §§ 19-16 – 19-32 in their entirety. Said provisions pertained to food and food establishments and derived from the 1960 Code, §§ 11-8 – 11-19, 11-21 – 11-24; Ord. No. 2219, §§ 1 – 13; Ord. No. 2275, § 1; Ord. No. 2660, §§ 1, 2; Ord. No. 3001, § 1, adopted Oct. 12, 1970; Ord. No. 3590, § 1, adopted Sep. 8, 1981; Ord. No. 3889, § 7, adopted Dec. 7, 1987.


3

Editor’s note – Ord. No. 3995, § 1, adopted March 25, 1991, amended the code by deleting provisions contained in Art. III, §§ 19-43, 19-44 in their entirety. Said provisions pertained to milk and milk products and derived from the 1960 Code, §§ 8-301, 8-302; the 1960 Code, §§ 17-1, 17-2; Ord. No. 2099, § 1; Ord. No. 2664, § 1.