Chapter 17.330
OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING REQUIREMENTS

Sections:

17.330.010    Off-street parking requirements.

17.330.020    Joint use of facilities.

17.330.030    Parking design standards.

17.330.040    Loading.

17.330.050    Vehicles in residential zones.

17.330.060    Multifamily parking lots and circulation.

17.330.070    Parking requirements of manufactured home parks.

17.330.010 Off-street parking requirements.

(1) General Parking Requirements. Off-street parking shall be provided in compliance with Table 17.330.010(A).

Table 17.330.010(A) – Off-Street Parking Requirements 

Use

Minimum Number of Parking Spaces

Residential:

Single or duplex

2 spaces per dwelling unit

Multifamily, group residential

1.5 spaces for multifamily

Group residential care or treatment facility or senior citizen housing

1 space per 3 beds

Commercial:

Auto, boat, trailer/mobile home sales or service or nursery

1 space per 500 square feet

Retail stores

1 space per 250 square feet of floor area

Furniture or appliance sales and service

1 space per 500 square feet

Bank, medical or office buildings

1 space per 250 square feet of floor area

Personal service and repair

1 space per 250 square feet of floor area

Hotel, motel or bed and breakfast houses

1 space per guestroom, plus 1 per every 25 rooms

Group residential care facility or emergency shelter or housing

1 space per 3 beds

Hospital

3 spaces per 2 beds

Restaurants or drinking establishments

1 space per 100 square feet of floor area

Religious institutions

1 space for each 6 seats or 12 feet of bench in the principal place of worship

Skating rink or dance hall

2 spaces per 100 square feet plus 1 per 2 employees

Bowling alley

2 spaces per lane

Schools and Civic Uses:

Preschool, elementary and middle school

2 spaces per classroom and 1 space per additional office

High school and further education

6 spaces per classroom and 3 spaces per additional office

Library, museums, art galleries

1 space per 400 square feet of floor area

Day care

1 space per employee

Industrial or manufacturing

1 space per 500 square feet of floor area

Commercial storage or warehousing

1 space per 1,000 square feet of floor area

Government buildings

1 space per 330 square feet of floor area

Place of assembly with seating

1 space for each 4 seats or 8 feet of bench length which may potentially be provided in the main room of a church, religious institution, or other auditorium. Such space may not be provided in the required first 10 feet of any yard which abuts a street.

Place of assembly without seating

1 space per 4 persons, based on the occupancy load

(2) Exempt Parking.

(a) There shall be no off-street parking requirements for any property included within the area identified in Figure 17.330.010(B), Downtown Parking District. This area includes property within the parking lot assessment district, city-owned property, public right-of-way, and private property that has provided land for public parking.

Figure 17.330.010(B) – Downtown Parking District

(b) Any use included in the area identified in Figure 17.330.010(C), Exempt Parking Area with Cap, must provide off-street parking for the number of spaces required in Table 17.330.010(A), Off-Street Parking Requirements, in excess of 25 spaces.

Figure 17.330.010(C) – Exempt Parking Area with Cap

[Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.010].

17.330.020 Joint use of facilities.

Joint parking and/or loading facilities serving two or more uses, structures, or parcels of land may be approved to satisfy the requirements of both facilities, provided the owners or operators of the uses, structures, or parcels show that their operations and parking needs do not overlap in point of time. If the uses, structures, or parcels are under separate ownership, the right to joint use of the parking space must be evidenced by a deed, lease, contract, or other appropriate written document to establish the joint use. [Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.020].

17.330.030 Parking design standards.

(1) Size of Parking Space. Each off-street parking space shall not be less than nine feet by 18 feet. Up to 25 percent of all required parking spaces can be used for compact vehicles. These compact spaces shall not be less than eight feet by 16 feet. Each space shall be provided with adequate ingress and egress.

(2) Location. Off-street parking facilities shall be located on site to the extent feasible. Off-site parking shall be no further than 300 feet from the site, measured from the nearest point of the parking facility to the nearest point of the nearest building that the facility is required to serve. Off-site parking shall be primarily employee parking.

(3) Materials, Design, and Lighting.

(a) Off-street parking facilities shall be surfaced with a durable and dustless surface, shall be graded and drained so as to dispose of surface water to the satisfaction of the public works department and shall be maintained in good condition, free of weeds, dust, trash, and debris.

(b) Except for a single-family or duplex dwelling, groups of more than two parking spaces per lot must:

(i) Provide aisles or turnaround areas so that all vehicles may enter the street in a forward manner; and

(ii) Serve a driveway designed and constructed to facilitate the flow of traffic on and off the site, with due regard to pedestrian and vehicle safety, and shall be clearly and permanently marked and defined. In no case shall two-way and one-way driveways be less than 20 feet and 12 feet, respectively, and arranged so as not to use any part of adjoining public sidewalks, street, or alley rights-of-way, except for ingress and egress.

(c) Delays – Unimproved Rights-of-Way. Off-street parking and loading for residential and nonresidential uses on existing unpaved streets are allowed a delay from the surfacing requirements prior to the issuance of an occupancy permit. However, the property owner must consent and present a recorded deed restriction or covenant which states that remonstrance against any future street improvement project has been waived and that the required paving will be completed within 12 months after the street is improved.

(d) Improvements to the parking facilities of residential uses, such as the addition of a carport or garage, shall require compliance with the surfacing requirements of the driveway and maneuvering areas if the dwelling gains access from an improved street. At a minimum, the paved access must be 20 feet in length measured from the property line in which access is gained.

(e) Lighting used to illuminated off-street parking facilities shall be arranged so as to reflect light away from any adjoining residential area(s).

(4) All uses, except for single-family dwellings and duplexes, required to provide off-street vehicle parking shall provide bicycle parking consistent with the standards in Table 17.330.030.

 

Table 17.330.030 – Bicycle Parking

Type of Use

Number of Bicycle Parking Spaces

Multifamily residential

One space per dwelling unit

Commercial

One space per use plus one space per 50 vehicle parking spaces

Industrial, institutional and public uses

Schools – One space per 10 students
Other uses – One space per use plus one space per 10 vehicle parking spaces

(a) Bicycle parking space may be located within garage, storage shed, basement, utility room or similar area.

(b) Bicycle Parking Location. Bicycle parking shall be located in lighted, secure locations within 50 feet of the main entrance to a building, but not further from the entrance than the closest general-purpose automobile parking space. Where a building has multiple entrances, required bicycle parking shall be no farther than 50 feet from an entrance. Bicycle parking shall be located and designed so as to not impede or create a hazard to pedestrians (at least 36 inches between bicycles and other obstructions or buildings). [Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.030].

17.330.040 Loading.

Every use for which a building is erected or structurally altered which will require the receipt or distribution of materials or merchandise by truck or similar vehicle shall provide off-street loading space on the basis of minimum requirements as follows:

(1) Commercial, industrial, and public uses shall provide truck loading or unloading berths in accordance with Table 17.330.040(A):

Table 17.330.040(A)

Square Feet of Floor Area

Number of Berths Required

Less than 5,000

0

5,000 – 30,000

1

30,000 – 100,000

2

100,000 and over

3

(2) Restaurants, office buildings, hotels, motels, hospitals and institutions, schools and colleges, public buildings, recreation or entertainment facilities, and any similar uses shall provide off-street truck loading or unloading berths in accordance with Table 17.330.040(B):

Table 17.330.040(B)

Square Feet of Floor Area

Number of Berths Required

Less than 30,000

0

30,000 – 100,000

1

100,000 and over

2

(3) A loading berth shall contain space 12 feet wide, 35 feet long, and have a height clearance of 14 feet. Where the vehicles generally used for loading and unloading exceed these dimensions, the required length of these berths shall be increased.

(4) Existing loading space shall not be eliminated, if elimination would result in less space than is required to adequately handle the needs of the particular use.

(5) Off-street parking areas used to fulfill the requirement of this title shall not be used for loading and unloading operations except during periods of the day when not required to take care of parking needs.

(6) Loading docks shall be located on the side or rear of the building. [Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.040].

17.330.050 Vehicles in residential zones.

(1) Purpose. Parking lots and outdoor storage of vehicles or recreational vehicles shall not be a primary use for any property located within a single-family residential zone.

(2) Where Applicable. These regulations apply to all residential users in LDR-6 and LDR-8.5 zoning districts unless otherwise expressly indicated.

(3) Off-Street Parking. Each single-family residence, constructed after the date of adoption of the ordinance codified in this title, shall provide for at least two off-street parking spaces. Off-street parking must provide a minimum of 20 feet of lineal parking between the street and the dwelling setback. [Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.050].

17.330.060 Multifamily parking lots and circulation.

Except for townhouse structures containing garages, parking lots and garages for developments in MDR zoning districts shall be located in the rear portions of the property, with building construction occurring toward the front, closest to employment centers, shopping centers and transit corridors to minimize walking distance. Parking lots and garages located between buildings and streets are not permitted, except for townhouse structures that contain garages, in which case no more than 40 percent of the front of each townhouse dwelling unit shall be devoted to garage door space.

(1) At least one and one-half parking spaces shall be provided on site for each multiple-family dwelling unit.

(2) A minimum of 10 feet of landscaped buffer area shall separate parking lots from adjoining properties and streets. Driveways to townhouse garages, which provide off-street parking, shall not be considered parking lots.

(3) MDR development projects shall provide access to collector or arterial streets; however, individual dwelling units within an MDR development project shall not have direct access to an arterial or a collector street.

(a) Within an MDR development project, parking lots or driveways to individual dwelling units shall connect directly to a local residential street with direct access to an arterial or collector street.

(b) MDR development projects shall not have direct primary access to existing local residential streets within an MDR zoning district unless the review authority finds, by substantial evidence, that environmental, topographic or other issues relating directly to public safety or welfare require general access to a local, public residential street.

(4) Pedestrian access shall be provided to transit corridors without having to pass through a parking lot whenever possible.

(5) Parking lots associated with conditional or nonconforming uses in these districts are subject to site plan review and approval.

(6) In no event shall on-site parking facilities exceed 50 contiguous spaces per parking cluster. Where more than 50 spaces are required, there shall be a landscaped buffer, not less than 20 feet wide, between parking clusters. Where the applicant desires more than one parking cluster on a lot or contiguous lots, the director, through the site review process, shall require that each cluster be designed to accommodate bicycle parking facilities, and that pedestrian walk lanes are provided and clearly marked.

(7) Through a Type II adjustment request, an applicant may request adjustments to this section if the topography or other environmental constraints associated with the property prevent reasonable compliance with this standard. Where the applicant desires more than one parking cluster on a lot or contiguous lots, the director, through the site review process, shall require that each cluster be designed to accommodate bicycle parking facilities, and that pedestrian walk lanes are provided and clearly marked.

(8) All new townhouse developments shall include four additional off-street parking spaces for every three units. These spaces are to be evenly dispersed throughout the development with no more than four spaces being located in any one specific area. The director is authorized to establish final location of these parking spaces. [Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.060].

17.330.070 Parking requirements of manufactured home parks.

(1) Off-street parking shall be provided for at least two automobiles per dwelling unit, located on the lot or property which they are intended to serve. Off-street parking shall be provided within a garage or carport.

(2) Visitor Parking. At least one automobile parking space shall be provided for every two manufactured home lots or sites for use by visitors and delivery vehicles. These spaces shall be signed or designated as such. These spaces shall be within 100 feet of the lots to be served. Visitor parking may be provided on streets designed to accommodate parking and two standard lanes of traffic.

(3) All on-site parking shall be designed and constructed in compliance with the parking facility standards of this chapter.

(4) Trucks with a maximum gross vehicle weight more than one and one-half tons, recreational vehicles, boats on boat trailers, and similar equipment shall be parked in one of the two allocated off-street parking spaces if stored on an individual lot or space; provided no more than one passenger vehicle may be parked on a given lot or space. Car-top boats and canoes are exempt from this requirement. [Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.070].