Chapter 17.330


17.330.005    Purpose.

17.330.010    Off-street parking requirements.

17.330.020    Joint use of facilities.

17.330.030    Parking design standards.

17.330.040    Loading.

17.330.050    Vehicles in residential zones.

17.330.060    Multi-unit dwelling parking lots and circulation.

17.330.070    Parking requirements of manufactured home and RV and park model parks.

17.330.005 Purpose.

(1) Ensure that adequate off-street parking is provided for new land uses and major alterations to existing uses, considering the demands likely to result from various uses, combinations of uses, and settings, and to avoid the negative impacts associated with spillover parking into adjacent neighborhoods and districts;

(2) Offer flexible means of minimizing the amount of area devoted to vehicle parking by allowing reductions in the number of required spaces in transit-served locations, shared parking facilities, and other situations expected to have lower vehicle parking demand;

(3) Ensure that parking and loading areas are designed to operate efficiently and effectively and in a manner compatible with on-site and surrounding land uses;

(4) Ensure that adequate off-street bicycle parking facilities are provided;

(5) Promote safe and attractive parking lot design;

(6) Accommodate and encourage increased use of alternative fuel and zero-emissions vehicles. [Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021].

17.330.010 Off-street parking requirements.

(1) General Parking Requirements. Off-street parking shall be provided in compliance with Table 17.330.010(A).

(a) Where the number of required off-street parking spaces contains a fraction, that fraction shall be rounded up to the next whole parking space.

Table 17.330.010(A) – Off-Street Parking Requirements 


Minimum Number of Parking Spaces


Dwelling, single-unit or duplex

2 spaces per each single unit or 2 spaces for a duplex

Dwelling, multi-unit

1.5 spaces per dwelling unit

Group residential care or treatment facility or senior citizen housing

1 space per 3 beds

Accessory dwelling unit


Certified factory-built home park model

1 space


Auto, boat, trailer/mobile home sales or service or nursery

1 space per 500 square feet

Retail stores

1 space per 400 square feet of floor area

Furniture or appliance sales and service

1 space per 500 square feet

Bank, medical or office buildings

1 space per 250 square feet of floor area

Personal service and repair

1 space per 250 square feet of floor area

Hotel, motel or bed and breakfast houses

1 space per guestroom, plus 1 per every 25 rooms


3 spaces per 2 beds

Restaurants or drinking establishments

1 space per 200 square feet of floor area

Religious institutions

1 space for each 6 seats or 12 feet of bench in the principal place of worship

Skating rink or dance hall

2 spaces per 100 square feet plus 1 per 2 employees

Bowling alley

2 spaces per lane

Schools and Civic Uses:

Preschool, elementary and middle school

2 spaces per classroom and 1 space per additional office

High school and further education

6 spaces per classroom and 3 spaces per additional office

Library, museums, art galleries

1 space per 600 square feet of floor area

Day care

1 space per employee

Industrial or manufacturing

1 space per 500 square feet of floor area

Commercial storage or warehousing

1 space per 1,000 square feet of floor area

Government buildings

1 space per 330 square feet of floor area

Place of assembly with seating

1 space for each 4 seats or 8 feet of bench length which may potentially be provided in the main room of a church, religious institution, or other auditorium. Such space may not be provided in the required first 10 feet of any yard which abuts a street.

Place of assembly without seating

1 space per 4 persons, based on the occupancy load

Uses not identified

Requirement as determined by the director

(2) Exempt Parking.

(a) There shall be no off-street parking requirements for any property included within the area identified in Figure 17.330.010(B), Downtown Parking District. This area includes property within the parking lot assessment district, city-owned property, public right-of-way, and private property that has provided land for public parking.

Figure 17.330.010(B) – Downtown Parking District

(b) Any use included in the area identified in Figure 17.330.010(C), Exempt Parking Area with Cap, must provide off-street parking for the number of spaces required in Table 17.330.010(A), Off-Street Parking Requirements, in excess of 25 spaces.

Figure 17.330.010(C) – Exempt Parking Area with Cap

[Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021; Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.010].

17.330.020 Joint use of facilities.

Joint parking and/or loading facilities serving two or more uses, structures, or parcels of land may be approved to satisfy the requirements of both facilities, provided the owners or operators of the uses, structures, or parcels show that their operations and parking needs do not overlap in point of time. If the uses, structures, or parcels are under separate ownership, the right to joint use of the parking space must be evidenced by a deed, lease, contract, or other appropriate written document to establish the joint use.

Parking spaces and parking areas may be used for transit related uses such as transit stops and park-and-ride/rideshare areas, provided minimum parking space and design requirements for the site can still be met. Development required to provide park-and-rides shall be consistent with the location and design specifications of the Coos County transit master plan. [Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021; Ord. 526 § 5 (Exh. D), 2020; Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.020].

17.330.030 Parking design standards.

(1) Size of Parking Space. Each off-street parking space shall not be less than nine feet by 18 feet. Up to 40 percent of all required parking spaces can be used for compact vehicles and shall be identified as compact parking spaces. These compact spaces shall not be less than eight feet by 16 feet. Each space shall be provided with adequate ingress and egress.

(a) Parking Stall Design and Minimum Dimensions. Where a new off-street parking area is proposed, or an existing off-street parking area is proposed for expansion, the entire parking area shall be improved in conformance with the CBMC. At a minimum the parking spaces and drive aisles shall be paved with asphalt, concrete, or other city-approved materials, provided the Americans with Disabilities Act requirements are met, and shall conform to the minimum dimensions in Table 17.330.030(A) and Figure 17.330.030. All off-street parking areas shall contain wheel stops, perimeter curbing, bollards, or other edging as required to prevent vehicles from damaging buildings or encroaching into walkways, landscapes, or the public right-of-way.

Table 17.330.030(A) – Parking Area Minimum Dimensions 

Parking Angle

< °

Curb Length

Stall Depth

Aisle Width

Bay Width

Stripe Length

Single D1

Double D2

One Way A1

Two Way A2

One Way B1

Two Way B2


8' 6"



















18' 6"






26' 6"



16' 6"






32' 8"


8' 6"






8' 6"


Figure 17.330.030 – Parking Stall Design and Minimum Dimensions

(2) Location. Off-street parking facilities shall be located on site to the extent feasible. Off-site parking shall be no further than 300 feet from the site, measured from the nearest point of the parking facility to the nearest point of the nearest building that the facility is required to serve. Off-site parking shall be primarily employee parking.

Parking areas that have designated employee parking and more than 20 automobile parking spaces shall provide at least 10 percent of the employee parking spaces (minimum two spaces) as preferential carpool and vanpool parking spaces. Preferential carpool and vanpool parking spaces shall be closer to the employee entrance of the building than other parking spaces, with the exception of ADA-accessible parking spaces.

(3) Materials, Design, and Lighting.

(a) Off-street parking facilities shall be surfaced with a permeable, durable and dustless surface, shall be graded and drained so as to dispose of surface water to the satisfaction of the public works department and shall be maintained in good condition, free of weeds, dust, trash, and debris.

(b) Except for a single-unit or duplex dwelling, groups of more than two parking spaces per lot must:

(i) Provide aisles or turnaround areas so that all vehicles may enter the street in a forward manner;

(ii) Serve a driveway designed and constructed to facilitate the flow of traffic on and off the site, with due regard to pedestrian and vehicle safety, and shall be clearly and permanently marked and defined. In no case shall two-way and one-way driveways be less than 20 feet and 12 feet, respectively, and arranged so as not to use any part of adjoining public sidewalks, street, or alley rights-of-way, except for ingress and egress;

(iii) Provide internal pedestrian connections in parking lots with more than 10 parking spaces located in commercial districts and in parking lots with more than 30 parking spaces located in noncommercial districts. These connections shall be a minimum of five feet wide and distinguished from vehicular areas through changes in elevation or contrasting paving materials (such as light-color concrete inlay between asphalt). Paint or thermo-plastic striping and similar types of nonpermanent applications may be approved for crossings of parking lot areas that do not exceed 24 feet in crossing length; and

(iv) Provide at-grade pedestrian lighting level of no less than two foot-candles.

(c) Delays – Unimproved Rights-of-Way. Off-street parking and loading for residential and nonresidential uses on existing unpaved streets are allowed a delay from the surfacing requirements prior to the issuance of an occupancy permit. However, the property owner must consent and present a recorded deed restriction or covenant which states that remonstrance against any future street improvement project has been waived and that the required paving will be completed within 12 months after the street is improved.

(d) Improvements to the parking facilities of residential uses, such as the addition of a carport or garage, shall require compliance with the surfacing requirements of the driveway and maneuvering areas if the dwelling gains access from an improved street. At a minimum, the paved access must be 20 feet in length measured from the property line in which access is gained.

(e) Lighting used to illuminate off-street parking facilities shall be arranged so as to reflect light away from any adjoining residential area(s).

(f) Parking lot landscaping includes the following requirements:

(i) Open Parking and Driveway Areas Landscaping. Seven percent of any open parking or driveway areas containing parking spaces for 10 or more vehicles shall be landscaped. Landscaping shall be distributed through the entire parking area as evenly as possible as required by the review authority.

(ii) Landscaping Along Property Lines for Parking Lots. A three-foot-wide landscape strip, with planting maintained at either a height of two and one-half feet or a height determined acceptable by the review authority will be provided along the property lines adjacent to any public or private street or alley (except within the approved exit and entrance ways) whenever the parking or circulation abuts these streets.

(iii) Plantings Around Driveways for Parking Lots. Any of the following driveways or open parking areas shall be separated by a planting strip three feet wide:

(A) Where there are two or more parking lots or vehicles adjacent to one another which do not use a common driveway;

(B) Where a parking lot for vehicles abuts a driveway, which does not provide access to that parking lot.

(g) Layout. Parking lots with four or more spaces must be designed so that automobiles will not back up onto public streets and will have at least one entrance and exit.

(h) Hammerheads or other such turnarounds may be required by the review authority for dead-end driveways. The dimensions of the hammerhead shall be adequate to meet the requirements of the public works and fire departments.

(i) Bumper Guards and Wheel Stops. Permanent bumper guards or wheel stops shall be provided for parking spaces located adjacent to walls, fences, buildings, landscaping, etc., to prevent damage to any such objects or landscaped areas. However, if a landscaping curb is used in lieu of a wheel stop, it must be of sufficient width so as not to damage landscaping for a minimum of 12 inches, and must not encroach into the required space area more than 24 inches at front of parking space.

(4) All uses, except for single-unit dwellings and duplexes, required to provide off-street vehicle parking shall provide bicycle parking consistent with the standards in Table 17.330.030(B).

Table 17.330.030(B) – Bicycle Parking 

Type of Use

Number of Bicycle Parking Spaces

Multi-unit residential

One space per dwelling unit


One space per use plus one space per 15 vehicle parking spaces

Industrial, institutional and public uses

Schools – One space per 25 students

Transit Stops – Two spaces

Transit Centers – Four spaces or one per 10 vehicle spaces, whichever is greater

Other Uses – One space per use plus one space per 10 vehicle parking spaces

(a) Bicycle parking space may be located within garage, storage shed, basement, utility room or similar area.

(b) Bicycle Parking Location. Bicycle parking shall be located in lighted, secure locations within 50 feet of the main entrance to a building, but not further from the entrance than the closest general-purpose automobile parking space. Where a building has multiple entrances, required bicycle parking shall be no farther than 50 feet from an entrance. Bicycle parking shall be located and designed so as to not impede or create a hazard to pedestrians (at least 36 inches between bicycles and other obstructions or buildings).

(c) Bicycle Parking for Transit. The location and design of bicycle parking for transit stops and transit centers shall be determined through the development review process.

(5) Driveways. Driveways and parking drives shall be designed in accordance with the following standards:

(a) Driveways. Driveways provide vehicular access to parking and dwelling units but do not provide primary pedestrian access to units. Driveways are intended to be used primarily for vehicular circulation where the following standards apply:

(i) Two-way driveways shall be a minimum width of 20 feet; one-way driveways shall be a minimum width of 12 feet.

(ii) The maximum driveway width is 28 feet.

(b) Alley Access. Lots with alley access, either at the rear yard or along the side yard, shall use the alley to provide access to the development site if either:

(i) The alley right-of-way width is 20 feet for the length of the alley between the lot and the street; or

(ii) The lot’s only street frontage is on an arterial or collector street.

(c) Criteria for Adjustment. Adjustments to the standards in this subsection may be made, based on the criteria in Chapter 17.372 CBDC, Adjustment Review.

(6) Vehicle Parking.

(a) Parking Element Types. On-site parking shall be provided as part of any multi-unit development project in the form of garages (private or common), carports, and open parking areas. All parking, except common garages, shall be designed as parking clusters according to subsection (6)(b) of this section.

(b) Parking Clusters.

(i) Maximum Size of Parking Clusters. Individual parking courts shall be no more than 9,000 square feet in size and shall be physically and visually separated by a landscape area a minimum of 20 feet in width. No more than three individual parking courts may be connected by an aisle or driveway.

(c) Parking Cluster Separation. Landscape areas shall be placed between parking clusters to visually interrupt rows of parked vehicles and to separate individual parking clusters. Landscape areas between parking clusters shall have a minimum width of 20 feet and a minimum area of 360 square feet. Each of these islands shall provide a minimum of one 20-foot canopy shade tree.

(7) Architectural elements such as trellises, porches, and stairways may extend into planting islands between parking clusters.

(8) Limitation on Parking Frontage. To strengthen the presence of buildings on the street, parking and vehicle use areas and garages adjacent to any public or private street frontage shall extend across no more than 50 percent of any street frontage. No parking spaces, with the exception of underground parking, shall be placed within any required front yard area. Parking areas shall not be located between buildings and the street.

(9) Criteria for Adjustment. Adjustments to the standards in this section may be made, based on the criteria in Chapter 17.372 CBDC, Adjustment Review. [Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021; Ord. 526 § 5 (Exh. D), 2020; Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.030].

17.330.040 Loading.

Every use for which a building is erected or structurally altered which will require the receipt or distribution of materials or merchandise by truck or similar vehicle shall provide off-street loading space on the basis of minimum requirements as follows:

(1) Commercial, industrial, and public uses shall provide truck loading or unloading berths in accordance with Table 17.330.040(A):

Table 17.330.040(A)

Square Feet of Floor Area

Number of Berths Required

Less than 5,000


5,000 – 30,000


30,000 – 100,000


100,000 and over


(2) Restaurants, office buildings, hotels, motels, hospitals and institutions, schools and colleges, public buildings, recreation or entertainment facilities, and any similar uses shall provide off-street truck loading or unloading berths in accordance with Table 17.330.040(B):

Table 17.330.040(B)

Square Feet of Floor Area

Number of Berths Required

Less than 30,000


30,000 – 100,000


100,000 and over


(3) A loading berth shall contain space 12 feet wide, 35 feet long, and have a height clearance of 14 feet. Where the vehicles generally used for loading and unloading exceed these dimensions, the required length of these berths shall be increased.

(4) Existing loading space shall not be eliminated, if elimination would result in less space than is required to adequately handle the needs of the particular use.

(5) Off-street parking areas used to fulfill the requirement of this title shall not be used for loading and unloading operations except during periods of the day when not required to take care of parking needs.

(6) Loading docks shall be located on the side or rear of the building. [Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021; Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.040].

17.330.050 Vehicles in residential zones.

(1) Purpose. Parking lots and outdoor storage of vehicles or recreational vehicles shall not be a primary use for any property located within a single-unit residential zone.

(2) Where Applicable. These regulations apply to all residential users in SLR and LDR zoning districts unless otherwise expressly indicated.

(3) Off-Street Parking. Each single-unit residence, constructed after the date of adoption of the ordinance codified in this title, shall provide for at least two off-street parking spaces. Off-street parking must provide a minimum of 20 feet of lineal parking between the street and the dwelling setback. [Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021; Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.050].

17.330.060 Multi-unit dwelling parking lots and circulation.

Except for townhouse structures containing garages, parking lots and garages for multi-unit dwelling developments shall be located in the rear portions of the property, with building construction occurring toward the front, closest to employment centers, shopping centers and transit corridors to minimize walking distance. Parking lots and garages located between buildings and streets are not permitted, except for townhouse structures that contain garages, in which case no more than 40 percent of the front of each townhouse dwelling unit shall be devoted to garage door space.

(1) A minimum of 10 feet of landscaped buffer area shall separate parking lots from adjoining properties and streets. Driveways to townhouse garages, which provide off-street parking, shall not be considered parking lots.

(2) Multi-unit dwelling development projects shall provide access to collector or arterial streets; however, individual dwelling units within multi-unit dwelling development project shall not have direct access to an arterial or a collector street.

(a) Within a multi-unit dwelling development project, parking lots or driveways to individual dwelling units shall connect directly to a local residential street with direct access to an arterial or collector street.

(b) Multi-unit dwelling development projects shall not have direct primary access to existing local residential streets within an MDR zoning district unless the review authority finds, by substantial evidence, that environmental, topographic or other issues relating directly to public safety or welfare require general access to a local, public residential street.

(3) Pedestrian access shall be provided to transit corridors without having to pass through a parking lot whenever possible.

(4) Parking lot expansion for nonconforming uses shall be subject to the requirements of Chapter 17.328 CBDC.

(5) In no event shall on-site parking facilities exceed 50 contiguous spaces per parking cluster. Where more than 50 spaces are required, there shall be a landscaped buffer, not less than 20 feet wide, between parking clusters. Where the applicant desires more than one parking cluster on a lot or contiguous lots, the director, through the site review process, shall require that each cluster be designed to accommodate bicycle parking facilities, and that pedestrian walk lanes are provided and clearly marked.

(6) Through a Type II adjustment request, an applicant may request adjustments to this section if the topography or other environmental constraints associated with the property prevent reasonable compliance with this standard. Where the applicant desires more than one parking cluster on a lot or contiguous lots, the director, through the applicable process, shall require that each cluster be designed to accommodate bicycle parking facilities, and that pedestrian walk lanes are provided and clearly marked.

(7) All new townhouse developments shall include four additional off-street parking spaces for every three units. These spaces are to be evenly dispersed throughout the development with no more than four spaces being located in any one specific area. The director is authorized to establish final location of these parking spaces. [Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021; Ord. 532 § 2 (Att. B), 2020; Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.060].

17.330.070 Parking requirements of manufactured home and RV and park model parks.

(1) Off-street parking shall be provided:

(a) For manufactured home parks, two auto parking spaces per dwelling unit, each with a dimension of 10 feet by 20 feet, shall be located on the lot or property which they are intended to serve. Off-street parking shall be provided within a garage or carport.

(b) For RV and park model parks, one 10-foot-by-20-foot auto parking space per unit located on the lot or property which they are intended to serve.

(2) Visitor Parking. At least one automobile parking space shall be provided for every two manufactured home lots or sites for use by visitors and delivery vehicles. These spaces shall be signed or designated as such. These spaces shall be within 100 feet of the lots to be served. Visitor parking may be provided on streets designed to accommodate parking and two standard lanes of traffic.

(3) All on-site parking shall be designed and constructed in compliance with the parking facility standards of this chapter.

(4) Trucks with a maximum gross vehicle weight more than one and one-half tons, recreational vehicles, boats on boat trailers, and similar equipment shall be parked in one of the two allocated off-street parking spaces if stored on an individual lot or space; provided no more than one passenger vehicle may be parked on a given lot or space. Car-top boats and canoes are exempt from this requirement. [Ord. 541 § 6 (Exh. 1), 2021; Ord. 503 § 1 (Exh. B), 2018; Ord. 473 § 3 (Exh. A), 2016. Formerly 17.340.070].