Chapter 18.70


18.70.010    Provision of facilities.

18.70.020    Parking space maintenance.

18.70.030    Total requirements.

18.70.040    Parking space location.

18.70.050    Parking space use.

18.70.060    Parking lots allowed as permitted uses.

18.70.070    Off-street parking specifications.

18.70.080    Parking spaces.

18.70.090    School bus loading areas.

18.70.100    Residential parking.

18.70.110    Bicycle parking.

18.70.120    Joint parking.

18.70.130    Off-street loading.

18.70.140    Nonlisted uses.

18.70.150    Surfacing.

18.70.160    Access.

18.70.010 Provision of facilities.

At the time of erection of a new structure, or at the time of enlargement or change of use of an existing structure, off-street parking and loading shall be provided as specified in this chapter, unless greater requirements are otherwise established. [Ord. 514 § 9.11, 2001].

18.70.020 Parking space maintenance.

The provision and maintenance of off-street parking and loading spaces are continuing obligations of the property owner. No building or other permit shall be issued until plans are presented to the city that show property that is and will remain available for exclusive use of off-street parking and loading space. The subsequent use of the property shall be conditional upon the continuing availability of the amount of parking and loading space required by this title. [Ord. 514 § 9.12, 2001].

18.70.030 Total requirements.

If several uses occupy a single structure or parcel of land, the total requirements for off-street parking shall be the sum of the requirements of the several uses computed separately. [Ord. 514 § 9.13, 2001].

18.70.040 Parking space location.

Required parking spaces shall be located not more than 500 feet from the building or use they serve. [Ord. 514 § 9.14, 2001].

18.70.050 Parking space use.

Required parking spaces shall be available for the parking of passenger automobiles of customers and employees only, and shall not be used for storage of materials or the parking of trucks used in conducting the business or use. [Ord. 514 § 9.15, 2001].

18.70.060 Parking lots allowed as permitted uses.

Commercial parking lots are allowable as outright permitted uses in the C-1 zone and as outright permitted accessory facilities to primary uses in all zones, subject to approval of site plan and development standards by the city recorder and/or zoning administrator. [Ord. 514 § 9.16, 2001].

18.70.070 Off-street parking specifications.

Where floor area is specified, that area shall be gross floor area of the structure exclusive of any area devoted to off-street parking or loading. Where the number of employees is used to determine parking requirements, persons counted shall be those intended to be working on the premises, including proprietors during the largest shift in peak season. Fractional requirements shall be counted as a whole space. [Ord. 514 § 9.20, 2001].

18.70.080 Parking spaces.

Parking spaces are required as follows:





One- or two-family dwellings

2 spaces per dwelling unit

Multifamily dwellings

2 spaces per dwelling unit and 1 bicycle space per 2 dwelling units

Hotel or motel

1 space per guest room



Hospital or nursing home

1 space per 2 beds and 1 space per 2 employees

Preschool or kindergarten

2 spaces per teacher

Elementary or junior high school

1 space per administrative employee and 1 bicycle space per 4 students

Theater, auditorium, church, stadium or other assembly area

1 space for each 4 seats or if not fixed seats then 1 space for each 100 square feet of floor area

High school

6 spaces per classroom plus 1 space for each employee and 1 bicycle space per 4 students

Clubs or meeting halls

1 space per 100 square feet of floor area



Retail stores

1 space per 200 square feet of floor area plus 1 space per 2 employees and 1 bicycle space per 600 feet of floor area

Service or repair shop

1 space per 600 square feet of floor area plus 1 space per 2 employees and 1 bicycle space per 600 feet of floor area

Bank or professional offices

1 space per 300 square feet of floor area plus 1 space per employee

Eating or drinking establishment

1 space per 200 square feet of floor area plus 1 space per 2 employees

Bowling alley

3 spaces per lane plus 1 space per employee



Storage warehouse, manufacturing establishments, freight terminal, food processing

1 space per employee

Wholesale establishment

1 space per employee plus 1 space per 700 square feet of patron serving area

[Ord. 514 § 9.21, 2001].

18.70.090 School bus loading areas.

Each school having a capacity of over 25 pupils shall have a driveway designed for a continuous forward flow of passenger vehicles for the purpose of loading and unloading children. [Ord. 514 § 9.22, 2001].

18.70.100 Residential parking.

In a residential area no parking shall be allowed in the front yard of the dwelling units other than on a driveway. [Ord. 514 § 9.23, 2001].

18.70.110 Bicycle parking.

A minimum of two bicycle parking spaces shall be provided for any commercial, industrial, and multifamily residential uses. Bicycle parking spaces shall be a minimum of six feet long and two feet wide. Bicycle racks shall be designed so that at least one wheel and the frame of a bicycle can be locked securely to it with a heavy chain, cable or padlock. Bicycle racks shall be clearly labeled as available for bicycles and shall be located to be at least as convenient as the most convenient car parking, and as close to the desired entrances as possible without interfering with pedestrian traffic. Bicycle and auto parking areas should be separated by some form of barrier to eliminate the possibility of a bike being hit by a car. [Ord. 514 § 9.24, 2001].

18.70.120 Joint parking.

Owners of two or more uses, structures or parcels of land may agree to utilize jointly the same parking and loading spaces when the hours of operation do not overlap, providing that the owners present to the city council legal evidence of such arrangement in the form of a lease, deed or contract. [Ord. 514 § 9.30, 2001].

18.70.130 Off-street loading.

Any off-street loading other than schools shall be located so that there is no interference with traffic on any street other than an alley. [Ord. 514 § 9.40, 2001].

18.70.140 Nonlisted uses.

Requirements for types of buildings and uses not specifically listed herein shall be determined by the city council, based upon the requirements of comparable uses listed. [Ord. 514 § 9.50, 2001].

18.70.150 Surfacing.

All off-street parking spaces and driveways, except those of single-family residences, shall be hard surfaced with concrete, asphalt, cement, oil mat or similar surface which is resistant to dust and mud. Type and thickness of this hard surface shall be approved by the city engineer. [Ord. 514 § 9.60, 2001].

18.70.160 Access.

Groups of more than four off-street parking spaces shall be served by a driveway or aisle so that no backing movements or maneuvering within a street other than an alley will be required. Driveways or aisles shall be clearly and permanently marked and defined through the use of bumper rails, fences, painting, walls or other appropriate markers and shall not be considered as parking spaces. [Ord. 514 § 9.70, 2001].