Chapter 17.85
OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

Sections:

17.85.010    Purpose.

17.85.020    Off-street parking.

17.85.030    Off-street loading.

17.85.040    Other access and parking-related provisions.

17.85.050    Number of parking spaces required.

17.85.010 Purpose.

To reduce street congestion and traffic hazards in West Point City by incorporating adequate, attractively designed facilities for off-street parking and loading as an integral part of every use of land in the city. [Code 2000 § 17-23-1].

17.85.020 Off-street parking.

A. General. There shall be provided at the time of erection of any main building, or at the time any main building is enlarged or increased in capacity, minimum off-street parking space with adequate provision for ingress and egress by standard-size automobiles in accordance with the requirements herein. Parking for each use shall be provided within the same zone district as the use. Only parking for permitted or conditional uses in the residential zone districts is allowed in residential zone districts.

B. Size. For the purpose of this section, one parking space shall be assumed to be 200 square feet, exclusive of adequate interior driveways.

C. Access. Adequate ingress and egress to all uses shall be provided as follows: For the purpose of this section, “driveway” or “access” shall mean the width of the curb cut or the driveway approach. Where curb does not exist, this shall mean width of the hard surface driveway.

1. Access for all uses except residential shall be by a maximum of one driveway for each 100 feet of frontage on a public street, such driveways to be not over 50 feet in width.

2. Accesses for residential uses shall not be regulated by a maximum driveway width.

3. No residential driveway shall be closer than 20 feet measured along the property lines to the point of intersection of two property lines at any corner.

4. In a commercial zone, no driveway shall be closer to an intersection of two streets than 40 feet.

5. Height, location, structural specifications, maximum and minimum curb radii permitted, and minimum roadway approach angles to the centerline of the street are subject to city standards.

D. Floor Area Defined. “Floor area,” in the case of offices, merchandising or service types of uses, shall mean the gross floor area.

E. Alternatives to On-Site Parking. For any new use, structure, or building other than a dwelling, required off-street parking which due to the size or location cannot be provided on the premises may be provided on other property not more than 500 feet distant from the nearest point of the parcel, or for a use in a C-C commercial district, not more than 600 feet distant.

F. Parking Areas, Development and Maintenance. Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public or private parking area, including a commercial parking lot and also an automobile, farm equipment, or other open-air sales lot, shall be developed and maintained in accordance with the following requirements:

1. Public parking areas shall be separated from the property lines abutting streets by landscaped buffers of not less than four feet. Public parking areas shall be separated from property lines abutting residential uses by landscaped buffers of not less than four feet or a screening fence.

Public parking areas in the general commercial and light industrial districts shall be separated from property lines abutting residential districts by landscaped buffers of not less than 10 feet and be screened for noise and air pollution by landscaping and fencing.

2. Parking areas shall be graded for proper drainage.

3. Every parcel of land hereafter used as a public parking area shall be paved with an asphalt concrete or concrete surface, shall have appropriate bumper guards where needed, and shall be so arranged and marked as to provide the orderly and safe loading or unloading and parking and storage of vehicles.

4. Lighting used to illuminate a parking area shall be so arranged as to reflect light away from any adjoining residential buildings. [Ord. 01-16-2018B § 1. Code 2000 § 17-23-2].

17.85.030 Off-street loading.

A. For every building or part thereof having a gross floor area of 10,000 square feet or more, which is to be occupied by a commercial use, to or from which delivery of materials or merchandise are regularly made by motor vehicle, there shall be provided and maintained, on the same lot, with such building, at least one off-street loading space plus one for each additional 20,000 square feet or major fraction thereof.

B. Each loading space shall be not less than 14 feet in width, 25 feet in length, and 15 feet in height.

C. Such space may occupy any required yard or court except that if it shall be located closer than 50 feet to any lot in any R district, it shall be enclosed by a brick or stone wall or landscaping not less than six feet in height. [Code 2000 § 17-23-3].

17.85.040 Other access and parking-related provisions.

Driveways, parking areas, and off-street storage lanes for automobiles awaiting entrance to drive-in theaters shall be provided at such theaters. [Code 2000 § 17-23-4].

17.85.050 Number of parking spaces required.

A. Except as may be provided elsewhere in this title, there shall be provided at the time of erection of any building, or at the time any main building is enlarged or increased in capacity, minimum off-street parking space with adequate provisions for ingress and egress by standard-size automobiles. If any land, structure, or use is changed from one use to another which requires more off-street parking spaces, there shall be provided such additional off-street parking for the new use as is required by this chapter.

B. Specific Requirement for Each Land Use. Required off-street parking shall be provided for each use as listed below. Requirements calculated on floor area shall be based upon WPCC 17.85.020(D). Parking for uses not specifically listed below shall be provided in the same ratio as the use most nearly approximating the characteristics of the unlisted use, as determined by the planning commission. Parking shall be provided as follows, with spaces based upon one or a combination of uses listed:

USE

PARKING REQUIREMENT

RESIDENTIAL:

 

Single-unit dwelling

2.5 parking spaces

Two-unit dwelling

2.5 parking spaces per unit

Three-unit dwelling

2.5 parking spaces per unit

Four-unit dwelling

2.5 parking spaces per unit

Multi-unit dwelling

Minimum of 8 spaces, with 1.5 spaces for each additional unit over 3

Apartment house

Minimum of 8 spaces, with 1.5 spaces for each additional unit over 3

Golf courses, tennis courts and similar recreation areas

Determined by specific review by planning commission

Hotel, motel and lodge

One space per each 1.25 rental units, plus 1 space per 200 square feet of assembly, banquet and restaurant area

Intensive retail commercial shops selling directly to the public

3.5 spaces for each 1,000 square feet of floor area

Less intensive commercial business, as furniture, appliance and lumber sales

1.5 spaces for each 1,000 square feet of floor area

OFFICES:

 

Personal services, including medical and dental clinics

2 spaces for each 1,000 square feet of floor area plus 1 space for each employee per shift

Business

3.5 spaces for each 1,000 square feet of floor area

Restaurants, bars, dining rooms

1 space for every 4 seats

Churches, auditoriums, assembly halls, theaters

1 space for 5 seats

Bowling alleys, skating rinks

2 spaces for every 1,000 square feet of floor area

Industrial and wholesale establishments

1.2 spaces for each employee per shift

Mortuary

1 space for every 300 square feet of floor area

Hospitals, schools, civic buildings

Determined by specific review by planning commission

Shopping centers, or complexes, or rentable commercial space

At least 3.5 spaces per 1,000 square feet of floor area

 

TABLE OF PARKING LOT DIMENSIONS

PARKING ANGLE

45°

60°

90°

Offset

18'

11'

1'6"

Car Space

12'

10'

8'7"

Stall Depth

16'

18'

18'6"

Stall Depth

18'

19'

19'

Overhang

2'

2'3"

2'9"

Driveway

13'

17'6"

25'

Turnaround

17'

14'

14'

[Code 2000 § 17-23-5].