Chapter 18.40


18.40.010    General description – Purpose and intent.

18.40.020    Definitions.

18.40.030    Establishment of district.

18.40.040    Permitted uses.

18.40.050    Uses permitted on review.

18.40.060    Area regulations.

18.40.070    Public water and sewer.

18.40.080    Storage tanks.

18.40.090    Records to be kept.

18.40.100    Bonding for streets, sidewalks, utility, lighting and amenities.

18.40.110    Certificate of use and occupancy required.

18.40.120    Amendments to site plan.

18.40.010 General description – Purpose and intent.

The purpose of this district is to establish areas in the city to accommodate manufactured homes as attractive and affordable housing with standards of livability in accord with the goals of health, safety, and welfare consistent with and compatible with surrounding land uses, the intent of this title and the comprehensive plan for the city. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.020 Definitions.

Lot. As used in this chapter, a “lot” is the site within which the manufactured home will be placed, to be leased to a person for exclusive occupancy.

“Manufactured home” means a structure, transportable in one or more sections, which, in the traveling mode, is eight body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or, when erected on-site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained therein.

“Manufactured home park” means a group of manufactured homes located on a single tract of land owned by one person or entity who may lease lots to occupants who may own or lease the manufactured home as their permanent residence for single-family residential purposes.

“Stand” means the area within a lot upon which the manufactured home will be located. The stand must be paved, or made of concrete, or be of a hard-surface dust-free drained nonerosive surface. The stand shall have permanent water, sewer, power, and utility connections so that the manufactured home may be readily connected to them. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.030 Establishment of district.

(1) Applicants seeking to have an R-5 district established shall apply therefor to the senior planner for the city. The application shall include the following:

(a) A survey showing the area of proposed rezoning.

(b) A site plan drawn to scale showing the proposed layout, including lots, streets, sidewalks, lighting provisions, landscaping plan, water system, waste disposal system, drainage facilities, fire hydrants, open space and recreation areas, and accessory buildings and service structures.

(c) Proposed street names (which will be subject to city approval).

(d) Utility easements.

(e) A plan for storm water management and erosion and sedimentation control.

(f) If the proposed park is to be developed in sections, the application must so state and the site plan must identify each section thereon.

The senior planner may require additional plans if special conditions exist upon the property, such as unusual topography. The applicant is advised to consult with the senior planner prior to submitting the request to be certain that all requirements hereunder are made known to the applicant.

(2) The application process shall be as set forth in Chapter 18.215 SCC, and Section 15.2-2285 of the Code of Virginia, as amended.

(3) Upon approval, the R-5 district is intended to overlap existing zoning districts and the regulations set forth in this chapter shall apply to manufactured home parks in lieu of existing zoning districts it overlaps.

(4) If the tract approved for the R-5 designation has not been developed and used for the manufactured home park for a period of two years after approval of the designation, then the underlying zoning district regulations shall apply, unless the owner obtains an extension of time for completion by applying to the planning commission and city council. Such extension may be granted not to exceed two years. If an extension is granted, no further extensions will be considered. The owner of such tract may file a certificate of intent to discontinue the manufactured home park use with the senior planner for the city stating the date upon which such use shall terminate. From that date, the underlying zoning district classification regulations shall then apply to said tract. Upon the termination of the district, the senior planner shall have the zoning map of the city changed showing the underlying zoning that existed prior to the designation of the R-5 district and all property owners of record in the parcel so affected shall be notified of the change by first class mail.

(5) Only rental spaces or lots shall be permitted in the R-5 district and all uses therein must conform to the specific regulations set forth in this chapter and, as applicable, as generally set forth in this title. (Ord. 2017-03. Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.040 Permitted uses.

(1) Manufactured home parks.

(2) Permanent buildings, housing management offices, child care centers, laundry facilities, indoor recreational facilities, or other service facilities to accommodate the tenants of the manufactured home park; provided, that:

(a) Parking requirements for such facilities are met; and

(b) Such uses are subordinate to the residential use and character of the park.

(3) One permanent single-family building to be used as a residence of the owner of said park, provided the same meets the requirements for a single-family dwelling in the R-3 district of this title.

(4) Accessory uses and structures as set forth in Chapter 18.110 SCC.

(5) Co-location of telecommunication antenna and related equipment as regulated in SCC 18.185.020(4). (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.050 Uses permitted on review.

(1) Commercial retail uses primarily for the occupants of the park and otherwise compatible with the residential character of the district.

(2) Those uses permitted on review by SCC 18.20.030. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.060 Area regulations.

(1) Size and Density of Use.

(a) A manufactured home park shall have a minimum area of at least five acres. If the park is to be developed in sections, each section must have a minimum area of five acres.

(b) At least 10 percent of the gross acreage of the park, or any one section thereof, shall be maintained as open space and/or recreational use. This space shall not include roads, sidewalks, home lots, parking lots, or maintenance or utility area.

(c) The overall density of any manufactured home park shall not exceed five lots per gross acre. The density of any particular acre within the park shall not exceed seven lots.

(d) Each lot within a manufactured home park shall have a lot area of at least 6,000 square feet and shall have at least 50 foot frontage on a street within the park (“the front lot line”).

(e) No manufactured home shall exceed 20 feet in height measured from mean ground level.

(f) Dwellings and buildings accessory thereto shall cover not more than 30 percent of the lot area.

(2) Setback and Yard.

(a) Each lot in the park shall have a stand upon which the manufactured home will be sited. No manufactured home shall be sited within 25 feet of the front lot line nor closer than 15 feet of the rear and side lot lines. A porch, constructed to the standards of the Uniform Statewide Building Code, may be attached to the manufactured home. As a minimum, a three foot by three foot landing shall be required at each door of the manufactured home. Any porch or patio or other accessory structure of a size greater than three feet by three feet shall be considered a part of the main structure and must meet the setback requirements.

(3) Skirting and Anchoring.

(a) All manufactured homes shall be completely skirted, such that no part of the undercarriage shall be visible to a casual observer, and with a durable material with a life expectancy of at least five years.

(b) All manufactured homes must be securely anchored to the stand. The anchorage shall be adequate to withstand wind forces and uplift as required by the Virginia Statewide Building Code, as amended, for buildings and structures, based upon the size and weight of the unit.

(4) Streets, Lighting, and Sidewalks.

(a) All streets within a manufactured home park shall be built to city specifications for public streets, curb, and gutter required.

(b) Sidewalks shall be built and maintained by the owner to city specifications in such manner as to afford the occupants of the park access to all recreational areas, service facilities, and accessory buildings open to the public.

(c) Lighting of all streets and sidewalks shall be provided and maintained by the owner, as required by the city.

(d) Street names (approved by the city) shall be identified by signs at each street intersection within the park.

(e) All manufactured homes shall have the street address in numbers located on the side of the manufactured home facing the street in such manner that it may be readily seen by persons in the street.

(5) Off-Street Parking.

(a) Each manufactured home lot shall have at least two off-street parking spaces thereon. These spaces shall be of a surface sealed construction and be dust free.

(b) Accessory and other service buildings within the park shall comply with the parking requirements of this title.

(6) Setback and Height Restrictions for Other Buildings.

(a) All other buildings permitted in the manufactured home park shall be sited no closer than 25 feet of any property line of the park, including the lot lines of the lots within the park.

(b) No other building permitted in the park shall exceed two stories in height. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.070 Public water and sewer.

All lots and other buildings within a manufactured home park shall be connected to the public water and sewer systems of the city. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.080 Storage tanks.

All gasoline, liquefied petroleum, gas or oil tanks shall be installed in compliance with all city, state, and federal fire prevention and safety regulations. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.090 Records to be kept.

The operator of a manufactured home park shall keep an accurate register of all tenants occupying manufactured homes located in the park. The register shall show the name and permanent residence address of the owner and occupants of any manufactured home located in the park, the make and registration of any manufactured home, and such other information as might be necessary to provide information about the occupants of the manufactured home. These records shall be open to the law enforcement officers and public officials whose duties necessitate acquisition of the information contained in the register. The register record for each occupant registered shall not be destroyed for a period of three years following the date of departure of the registrant from the park. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.100 Bonding for streets, sidewalks, utility, lighting and amenities.

Prior to obtaining final zoning approval for the establishment of this R-5 district, the owner and/or developer of the proposed park shall post a bond with corporate surety, or a letter of credit suitable to the city in the amount of the estimated cost of construction of streets, sidewalks, utility lines, lighting and amenities, conditioned upon the satisfactory completion of said facilities in compliance with all city, state, and federal regulations attendant thereto. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.110 Certificate of use and occupancy required.

No manufactured home shall be occupied in any manufactured home park until a certificate of occupancy shall have been issued by the city building official. Such certificate shall not be issued until after the same has been approved by the health department, administrator, and other agencies concerned. (Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).

18.40.120 Amendments to site plan.

After approval of the site plan for a manufactured home park, any amendments to said plan or material changes thereto must be submitted to the senior planner with the information as required by SCC 18.40.030. The process for approval or not of this amendment or change shall be the same as set forth in the aforesaid SCC 18.40.030. (Ord. 2017-03. Zoning ordinance Art. 4, § 5).