Chapter 14.20
PLANTING, CARE AND
MAINTENANCE OF TREES

Sections:

14.20.010    Purpose.

14.20.020    Definitions.

14.20.030    Street tree species to be planted.

14.20.040    Spacing.

14.20.050    Distance from curb and sidewalk.

14.20.060    Distance from street corners and fireplugs.

14.20.070    Utilities.

14.20.080    Public tree care.

14.20.090    Tree topping.

14.20.100    Pruning, corner clearance.

14.20.110    Dead or diseased tree removal on private property.

14.20.120    Removal of stumps.

14.20.130    Interference.

14.20.140    Arborist’s license and bond.

14.20.150    Repealed.

14.20.160    Violations, penalties, and enforcement.

14.20.170    Severability.

14.20.180    Repeal.

14.20.010 Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to establish regulations for the planting, care, and maintenance of trees in areas of public ownership. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.020 Definitions.

Whenever used in this chapter, the following terms shall be defined as herein indicated:

“Hazard tree” means any tree or part that poses a high risk of damage to persons or property.

“Large tree” means any mature tree which would reach a maximum height of more than fifty feet with a maximum spread of over thirty-five feet.

“Major pruning” means cutting back of limbs larger than one and one-half inches in diameter on street trees.

“Medium tree” means any mature tree which would reach a maximum height of twenty-five to forty-nine feet with a maximum spread of thirty-four feet.

“Park trees” means trees, shrubs, bushes and all other woody vegetation in public parks having individual names, and all areas owned by the city, or to which the public has free access.

“Parks and recreation advisory board” means the named advisory board who reports to the city council and acts in an advisory capacity on the community forestry program.

“Publicly owned property” means property within the city of Chelan and owned by the city in a fee simple absolute; or implied or expressly dedicated to the public for present or future use for purposes of vehicular or pedestrian traffic, park and open spaces or public easements.

“Significant tree” means an existing deciduous or coniferous tree six inches or more in diameter measured four feet six inches above the adjacent grade, of any species suitable for inclusion as permanent landscaping in a project. This also includes unusual, historic, heritage or rare trees.

“Small tree” means any mature tree which would reach a maximum height of twenty-four feet with a maximum spread of twenty-four feet.

“Street trees” means trees, shrubs, bushes and all other woody vegetation on land lying within the public rights-of-way within the city.

“Stumps” means the lower portion of the tree up to a maximum height of four feet, which remains after the foliage, limbs, branches and the upper part of the trunk have been cut off.

“Tree appraisals” use the Trunk Formula Method of the Council of Tree and Landscape Appraisers.

“Tree owner” means the owner of the real property which fifty-one percent or more of the trunk is located at ground level.

“Tree topping” shall be herein defined as the severe cutting back of limbs to stubs larger than three inches in diameter within the tree’s crown to such a degree so as to remove the normal canopy and disfigure the tree. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.030 Street tree species to be planted.

The species list contained in Exhibit A constitutes the official street tree species list for Chelan, Washington. No species other than those included in this list may be planted as street trees without written permission of the parks and recreation director or designee. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.040 Spacing.

The spacing of street trees will be in accordance with the species size classes listed in Exhibit A. No trees may be planted closer together than the following: small trees, thirty feet; medium trees, forty feet; and large trees, fifty feet; except in special plantings designed or approved by the parks director or designee. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.050 Distance from curb and sidewalk.

The distance trees may be planted from curbs or curb lines and sidewalks will be in accordance with the size classes listed in Exhibit A and no trees may be planted closer to any curb or sidewalk than the following: small trees, two feet; medium trees, three feet; and large trees, four feet. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.060 Distance from street corners and fireplugs.

No street tree shall be planted closer than ten feet from any street corner, measured from the point of the nearest intersecting curbs or curb lines. No street tree shall be planted closer than ten feet of any fireplug. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.070 Utilities.

No street tree other than those species listing as small trees in Exhibit A may be planted under or within ten lateral feet of any overhead utility wire, or over or within five lateral feet of any underground water line, sewer line, transmission line or other utility. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.080 Public tree care.

The city shall have the right to plant, prune, maintain and remove tress, plants and shrubs within the lines of all streets, alleys, avenues, lanes, boulevards, parks, open spaces and public grounds as may be necessary to ensure public safety or preserve or enhance the symmetry and beauty of such areas.

The city may remove or cause to order to be removed any tree or part thereof which is in an unsafe condition or which by reason of its nature is injurious to persons, sewers, electric power lines, gas lines, water lines, or is affected by any injurious fungus, insect or trees based on risk. This section does not prohibit the planting of street trees by adjacent property owners; providing, that the selection and location of said trees is in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.

General tree care to include, but not be limited to, the fertilization, aeration, pruning, planting, removal, insect and disease diagnosis and treatment shall be in accordance with American Standards for Nursery Stock specifications. A general tree planting detail is contained in Chelan Parks and Recreation Design and Construction Standards. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.090 Tree topping.

It shall be unlawful as a normal practice for any person, firm, or city department to top any street tree, park tree or other tree on public property. Trees severely damaged by storms or other causes, or certain trees under utility wires or other obstructions where other pruning practices are impractical, may be exempted from this chapter at the determination of the parks and recreation director or designee. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.100 Pruning, corner clearance.

Every owner of any tree overhanging any street or right-of-way within the city shall prune the branches so that such branches shall not obstruct the light from any street lamp or obstruct the view of any street intersection and so that there shall be a clear space on ten feet above the surface of the street or sidewalk. Said owners shall remove all dead, diseased or hazardous trees, or broken or decayed limbs which constitute a menace to the safety of the public. The city shall have the right to prune any tree or shrub on private property when it interferes with the proper spread of light from a street lamp or interferes with visibility of any traffic device or sign. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.110 Dead or diseased tree removal on private property.

The city shall have the right to cause the removal of any dead or diseased trees on private property within the city when such trees constitute a hazard to life and property as recommended by an ISA certified arborist or harbor insects or diseases which constitute a potential threat to other trees within the city. The planning and building department will notify the owners of such trees in writing. Removal shall be done by said owners at their own expense within sixty days after the date of service of notice. In the event of failure of owners to comply with such provisions, the city shall have the authority to remove such trees and charge the cost of removal on the owner’s property tax notice. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.120 Removal of stumps.

The area for stump removal is that which causes the surface of the ground to be higher than the adjacent grade. All stumps of street and park trees shall be removed a minimum of four inches and a maximum of twelve inches below the existing grade so the top of the stump shall not project above the surface of the ground. The hole or depression resulting from the removal work shall be filled with topsoil and made level with the existing grade. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.130 Interference.

It shall be unlawful for any person to prevent, delay or interfere with city of Chelan officials, employees or any if its agents while engaging in and about the planting, cultivating, mulching, pruning, spraying or removing of any street tree, park tree or trees on private grounds as authorized by this chapter. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.140 Arborist’s license and bond.

It shall be unlawful for any person or firm to engage in the business or occupation of pruning, treating, or removing street or park trees within the city without first applying for and procuring a license. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.150 Review by city council.

Repealed by Ord. 1502. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.160 Violations, penalties, and enforcement.

Except as otherwise expressly provided, any violations of this chapter shall be enforced according to the uniform procedures set out in Chapter 2.80. (Ord. 1502 § 4 (Exh. I), 2015: Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.170 Severability.

Should any section, subsection, paragraph, sentence, clause, or phrase of this chapter be ordered unconstitutional or invalid for any reason, such decision shall not affect the validity of the remaining portion of this chapter. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

14.20.180 Repeal.

All ordinances or portions thereof in conflict with the provisions of this chapter are hereby repealed. (Ord. 1333 (part), 2007).

Table 3: Exhibit A – Tree List 

The following is a list of recommended species for different locations. This is not a complete list. New varieties are discovered and made available at different times. Other trees may be substituted and used, if approved by the parks and recreation director or designee.

 

 

 

Recommended Street Trees

The following are considered small street trees. Small street trees typically have a crown not exceeding thirty feet tall and a variable spreading habit. These are the only trees allowed where there are overhead utility lines.

Autumn Brilliance Serviceberry

Sugar Tyme

Globe Ash

Frauter’s Vesuvius Flowering Plum

Newport Flowering Plum

American Hornbeam

Canada Red Chokecherry

Kwanzan Oriental Cherry

Paperback Maple

Cherry Dogwood

Japanese Hornbeam

Persoan Parrotia

Golden Desert Ash

Prariefire Crabapple

Lavalle Hawthorne

Golden Raindrops Crabapple

 

 

 

 

 

Medium narrow street trees typically have a crown not exceeding forty-five feet and with a narrow growing habit. The following trees are recommended where tall, narrow space is available in planting space not less than five feet wide.

Ananogawa Cherry

Capital Flowering Pear

Bowhall Red Maple

Chanticleer Flowering Pear

Cleveland Select Flowering Pear

Pyramid Hornbeam

Columnar Norway Maple

Columnar Sargent Cherry

Skyrocket English Oak

Karpick Maple

 

 

 

 

 

Medium street trees typically have a crown not exceeding forty-five feet in height and a wider spreading habit. The following trees are recommended where tall, wide crown space is available in planting space not less than five feet wide.

Aristocrat Flowering Pear

Autumn Blaze Flowering Pear

Hedge Maple

Worpleson Sweetgum

American Hophornbeam

Ginkgo Tree

Autumn Flame Red Maple

Crimson King Norway Maple

European Hornbeam

Green Vase Japanese Zelkova

Katsura Tree

Sawtooth Oak

Ruby Horsechestnut

Whitebeam

Raywood Ash

Sour Gum

Coliseum Maple

Chinese Tulip Tree

American Yellowwood

Kobus Magnolia

 

Large street trees typically have a crown exceeding fifty feet and a spreading habit. The following trees are recommended where the planting space is at least six feet wide.

Pin Oak

Red Oak

Tulip Tree

Bur Oak

Dawn Redwood

English Oak

Bloodgood London Plane Tree

 

 

 

 

 

Recommended Park Trees

 

 

Many of the above-referenced street trees would also be appropriate to plant in developed park areas.

Grand Fir

Bigleaf Maple

Douglas Fir

Western Red Cedar

Western Hemlock

Cascara

Vine Maple

Shore Pine

Paper Birch

Red Alder

White Alder

 

 

 

 

Recommended Golf Course Trees

 

 

These trees are suited for golf course use, but may require pruning.

Norway Maple*

Red Maple*

Legacy Sugar Maple*

Princeton Sentry Ginkgo

Sweetgum*

Tulip Tree

Dawn Redwood

Ponderosa Pine

Quaking Aspen

White Oak

Bur Oak

Columnar English Oak

Red Oak

Live Oak

Sterling Silver Linden

American Elm

Japanese Zelkova

White Fir

Noble Fir

Atlas Blue Cedar

Cedar of Lebanon

Leyland Cypress

Arizona Cypress

Blue Italian Cypress

European Beech

Tricolor Beech

Spruce

Colorado Blue Spruce

Scots Pine

Eastern White Pine

Douglas Fir

English Yew

Canadian Hemlock

* Best in out-of-play areas because of summertime loss of leaves, seeds or limbs.

 

 

 

Prohibited Street Trees

 

 

Use of the following street trees within the street right-of-way is prohibited.

Box Elder

Hemlock

 

Silver Maple

Spruce

 

Weeping Willows

Pine

 

Fir

Poplar

 

Cedar

Cottonwood

 

Any fruit-bearing tree except ornamentals

 

(Ord. 1333 (Exh. A), 2007).