Chapter 17.20
ZONE R-L – SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT

Sections:

17.20.010    Permitted uses.

17.20.020    Accessory uses.

17.20.030    Conditional uses.

17.20.040    Dimensional standards.

17.20.010 Permitted uses.

Permitted uses are as follows:

A. One-family dwellings, but not to exceed one dwelling on any one lot; provided, that the lot abuts on a public street or private road;

B. Temporary construction offices within the tract or subdivision on which buildings are being erected and only for the duration of active construction;

C. Crop and tree farming, truck farming, and nurseries; provided no retail sales rooms or other retail buildings are maintained on the premises; and provided further, that the raising or keeping of livestock or poultry would not be permitted except as allowed in Section 17.04.065;

D. Travel trailers and recreational vehicles for occupied overnight parking are permitted for a six-month period during construction, provided the owner has a permit therefor. The owner may obtain a permit by paying the city a fee of five dollars after the purchasing of a building permit. All such vehicles shall have operable self-contained sanitary facilities or be connected to the city sewer system. The permit shall be prominently displayed on such vehicle so as to be visible on the abutting street;

E. Family day care homes, subject to licensing requirements of the Washington State Department of Social and Health Services and fire code requirements as set forth in Chapter 212-54 WAC;

F. Home occupations that involve no customers or other business-related visitors to the home business, no signs or other outward appearance that a business exists in the home, no delivery trucks, and no more than one individual residing within the home who is active in the home occupation business; provided, that if the planning director is given satisfactory proof of a physical disability of the individual wishing to engage in a home business or occupation, a volunteer or employee may assist in the home occupation. In addition, the home occupation must comply with the conditions for home occupation set forth in Section 17.56.060 and the fees for a home occupation permit as established by resolution of the city council must be paid;

G. Alternative Housing Types Model Ordinance. Alternative housing types, including but not limited to tiny homes, cottage housing developments, or zero-lot-line developments for the purpose of providing affordable housing or increasing the available stock of year-round housing through the affordable housing program, once adopted or any similar policy of the city permitting such use. (Ord. 1556 § 3 (Exh. B) (part), 2019: Ord. 1533 § 6 (Exh. 25) (part), 2017: Ord. 1363 § 1, 2008; Ord. 1283 § 7, 2004: Ord. 1205 § 3, 2001; Ord. 1061 § 27, 1997; Ord. 712 § 3 (part), 1983; Ord. 667 § 2, 1980: Ord. 415 § 4, 1970; Ord. 333 § 3 (part), 1965; Ord. 314 § 6A, 1962).

17.20.020 Accessory uses.

Accessory uses are as follows:

A. Accessory Structures.

1. Garage or Carports. Attached or freestanding private garage, carport or combination thereof not to exceed fifty percent of the floor area of the principal structure, including basement area; provided, that all single-family residences, regardless of size, shall be allowed a minimum size private garage or carport of nine hundred sixty square feet. A garage larger than the standards set out herein shall be allowed as a conditional use under the conditions set forth under Section 17.20.030. Detached garages or carports must be no closer to the front property line than the principal structure on a lot.

2. Accessory Dwelling Units. One accessory dwelling unit (ADU) is permitted per single-family dwelling provided all dimensional and lot coverage standards shall be met. ADUs may be detached (DADU), whereby it is freestanding, attached to the primary structure (AADU), or attached to a permitted accessory structure provided the standards specified in Section 17.14.050(D) for ADUs in housing type standards shall be met. Supplemental standards for ADUs in R-L zones shall be as follows:

a. Either the primary residence or the accessory dwelling unit must be occupied by the owner of the property;

b. The total number of occupants of both the primary residence and the accessory dwelling unit combined may not exceed the maximum number established by the definition of “family” in Section 19.10.040, whereby no more than five residents may be unrelated;

c. The square footage of the floor area of an ADU, excluding garage area, shall not exceed fifty percent of the total square footage of the primary residence or one thousand two hundred square feet, whichever is less; except for a unit sharing a common floor-ceiling with a permitted accessory or primary structure. The planning director may permit an increased size allowance in order to efficiently use all floor area, so long as all the other standards are met;

d. The construction of a second entry door facing on a street front for entrance into an ADU accessory unit is prohibited. AADU entrances are permitted on the sides and rear of a house, or on the front side facing on a street where no other door exists when the ADU is attached; provided, that existing single-family structures with two or more entry doors facing on a street shall not be prohibited from using one of the doors to access the ADU. A shared common entrance to both the primary and accessory dwelling, on the front side oriented toward the street frontage where no other door exists to access the existing single-family structures, shall be allowed. When an ADU is attached to another permitted accessory structure, entrance to the ADU may be separate or in common with access to the structure.

B. Other accessory buildings collectively shall be twenty-five percent of the floor area of the principal structure, excluding the basement area, not to exceed six hundred square feet; provided, that regardless of size of the principal structure, other accessory buildings collectively may be at least three hundred square feet. The total number of accessory structures, including ADUs, garages, workshops or the like, may not exceed two, whereby the total number of permitted structures on a lot shall not exceed three including the primary structure.

C. The renting of rooms to not more than two boarders or lodgers.

D. Agricultural uses with the exception of the keeping of livestock per Section 17.04.065.

E. Boat and Trailer Storage.

1. Not more than one each of a house trailer or truck, or two boats, may be stored in the rear yard area of any one zoning lot.

2. A maximum of one boat and accompanying trailer may be stored in a side yard provided the required setback is maintained; or

3. A maximum of one boat and accompanying trailer may be stored in a side yard setback, provided a sight-obscuring fence is maintained along the property boundary.

4. Boats and trailers shall not be stored in the front setback or front yard.

F. Repealed by Ord. 1022.

G. Fences.

1. Front yard: forty-two inches maximum height. On corner lots, fences shall be limited to thirty-six inches in height for a distance of fifteen feet from the intersection of the property lines abutting the street and to forty-two inches for the remainder of the front yard facing on those streets.

Where two adjoining properties have front yards of differing depths, any fence built along the side yard between the two properties shall not exceed a height of forty-two inches adjacent to the front yard of either dwelling.

Front yard fence height may be increased to a maximum of four feet in those instances where a “family day care home, mini day care center and day care centers” have been established in accordance with the provisions of Section 17.56.080.

2. Side yard: six feet maximum height.

3. Rear yard: six feet maximum height.

4. Where there is a difference in grade between two adjoining properties, the base line for the fence height shall be the median of the difference between the grades of the two properties.

H. Covered Patios.

1. A freestanding covered patio must meet the standards of this section. If the covered patio is attached to a dwelling, it is to be considered as a part of that dwelling.

2. Height limit: ten feet; provided however, that a fireplace flue may extend beyond the maximum height limit to a height of not over thirteen feet.

I. Swimming Pools.

1. All swimming pools must be located behind the front yard setback line and the yard or area around them must be enclosed by a fence of not less than five feet in height. At least a five-foot setback from all side and rear property lines must be maintained.

J. Cold storage warehouse, but only for produce grown on the premises, may be permitted accessory to the agricultural use of land.

K. Tenant residences; provided, that they are located behind the minimum setback distances prescribed for the district, may be permitted accessory to the agricultural use of land.

L. Low intensity agricultural tourism uses pursuant to Chapter 17.47. (Ord. 1556 § 3 (Exh. B) (part), 2019: Ord. 1533 § 6 (Exh. 26) (part), 2017: Ord. 1099 § 1, 1998; Ord. 1071 § 3, 1997; Ord. 1022 § 3, 1995; Ord. 897 § 2, 1990; Ord. 886 § 3, 1989; Ord. 333 § 3 (part), 1965: Ord. 314 § 6B, 1962).

17.20.030 Conditional uses.

Conditional uses are as follows:

A. Bed and breakfast under conditions set forth in Chapter 17.56.

B. Churches under conditions set forth in Chapter 17.56.

C. Historical site or structure under conditions set forth in Section 17.56.200.

D. Home occupations, not meeting the permitted use criteria set forth in Section 17.20.010(F), under conditions set forth in Chapter 17.56.

E. Mini day care centers, and day care centers within churches and other semipublic building, under conditions set forth in Chapter 17.56.

F. Municipal buildings under conditions set forth in Chapter 17.56.

G. Parks and playgrounds, including park buildings.

H. Public schools and private schools offering curricula similar to public schools under conditions set forth in Chapter 17.56.

I. Telephone exchanges, electrical substations and similar uses of public service corporations provided they are either:

1. Completely enclosed within buildings which conform to and harmonize with surrounding buildings as to type of architecture and landscaping and comply with the setback requirements of the R-L zone; or

2. If the use is of an outdoor nature, such as a neighborhood electric substation, it shall be completely enclosed by a view-obscuring fence or hedge with the exterior grounds landscaped and the enclosure to meet the following setback requirements:

a. Front yard: thirty feet;

b. Side yard: twenty feet;

c. Rear yard: ten feet if abutting on alley, otherwise twenty feet.

K. Garage and carport sizes larger than fifty percent of the floor area of the principal structure, including basement area; provided, that any detached garage or carport must be no closer to the front property line than the principal structure on a lot.

L. Community waterfront parks or recreation facilities. (Ord. 1556 § 3 (Exh. B) (part), 2019: Ord. 1533 § 6 (Exh. 27) (part), 2017; Ord. 1502 § 3 (part), 2015; Ord. 1491 § 7 (Exh. H) (part), 2015: Ord. 1205 § 4, 2001; Ord. 1099 § 2, 1998; Ord. 1058 § 2, 1996; Ord. 1041 § 1, 1996; Ord. 742 § 1, 1984: Ord. 712 § 3 (part), 1983; Ord. 625 § 1 (part), 1979; Ord. 415 § 5, 1970; Ord. 314 § 6C, 1962).

17.20.040 Dimensional standards.

Dimensional standards are as follows:

A. Minimum lot area and maximum density:

1. Minimum Lot Area.

a. Eight thousand five hundred square feet;

b. Six thousand square feet if clustered consistent with Section 16.36.130, Clustering standards, or if dedicated for affordable housing consistent with subsection (A)(2)(b) of this section;

2. Maximum Gross Density.

a. Standard Density. The maximum gross density of a property shall not exceed four dwelling units per acre except as allowed in subsection (A)(2)(b) of this section.

b. Density Bonus. A twenty percent density bonus may be allowed where affordable housing is provided at a rate of one affordable unit for every four market rate units. Units designated as affordable shall be designated for households earning one hundred ten percent or less of the county area median income. Affordable units shall be subject to minimum fifty-year deed restrictions to ensure long-term use and affordability. All deed restrictions are subject to review and approval by the administrator and city attorney and shall be recorded with the Chelan County auditor. Such deed restriction shall be recorded prior to issuance of a certificate of occupancy for the subject property. Prior to the end of the fifty-year deed restriction period, the city may approve a removal of the deed restriction provided there is a payment in lieu of continuing affordability.

B. Minimum width of lot at building line:

1. On lots eight thousand five hundred square feet in size or greater: seventy feet;

2. On lots six thousand square feet up to eight thousand four hundred ninety-nine square feet in size: sixty feet.

C. Minimum lot depth: ninety feet.

D. Maximum building height: thirty feet.

E. Maximum land coverage:

1. On lots eight thousand five hundred square feet in size or greater: thirty percent for all buildings;

2. On lots six thousand square feet up to eight thousand four hundred ninety-nine square feet in size: thirty-five percent for all buildings.

F. Minimum setback distances, except as specifically provided in this chapter or Chapter 17.56 for a particular use, are as follows:

1. Front yard: twenty-five feet;

2. Rear yard: twenty feet;

3. Side yard: five feet;

4. Detached accessory buildings adjacent to alleys shall maintain a minimum of a five-foot side and rear yard setback; and

5. Corner lot buildings: Buildings on corner lots shall observe the minimum front yard setback on one side and a fifteen-foot setback on the second front yard except that in the case of a garage or carport the setback shall be at least twenty feet.

G. Hillside developments: See Chapter 17.59, Hillside Development and Design Standards. (Ord. 1533 § 6 (Exh. 28) (part), 2017: Ord. 1071 § 4, 1997; Ord. 935 § 4, 1992; Ord. 741 § 1, 1984: Ord. 665 § 1, 1980; Ord. 632 § 1, 1979: Ord. 314 § 6D, 1962).