Chapter 11.90
OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING

Sections:

11.90.010    Applicability.

11.90.020    Plan requirements.

11.90.030    Design requirements.

11.90.040    Multiple uses.

11.90.050    Required for off-street loading.

11.90.060    Required off-street parking.

11.90.070    Standards for uses not listed.

11.90.080    Change of use.

11.90.090    Maintenance.

11.90.100    Continuing obligation.

11.90.010 Applicability.

Off-street parking and/or loading space, as outlined in this chapter, is required in all zoning districts within Chelan County except within the pedestrian-oriented commercial (CP) zoning district, where the parking space requirements of this title do not apply. The loading space requirements shall apply to the pedestrian-oriented commercial zoning district. (Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.020 Plan requirements.

A scaled drawing, indicating how the parking and loading requirements of this chapter and the barrier-free parking facilities, Washington State amendments to the 1997 Uniform Building Code are to be fulfilled, shall be submitted with development and building permit applications. All traffic control devices such as parking stripes designating car stalls, directional arrows, signs, curbs, wheel stops, and other improvements shall be installed as shown on the approved plans and approved in conformance with the provisions in this chapter. (Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.030 Design requirements.

(1) All off-street parking and loading areas shall be graded and, before occupancy certification is issued, shall be surfaced to the following standards:

(A) Parking areas serving residential uses shall have durable and dustless surfaces suited to all-weather use.

(B) All parking and loading areas, except for those serving residential uses addressed in subsection (1)(A) of this section, shall be surfaced to standards for asphaltic concrete pavement (ACP), or pavers, porous concrete or other innovative techniques meeting the adopted standards, as approved by the county engineer, administrator, or stormwater engineer.

(C) Any required accessible parking, including those serving residential uses, shall be linked to an accessible route of travel on-site, and both shall be paved to standards for HMA or other surfacing as approved by the county engineer.

(2) All exterior lighting provided to illuminate off-street parking or loading areas must be directed and shielded to prevent illuminating surrounding residential uses.

(3) All parking for twenty cars or more, all impervious surfaces of five thousand square feet or more, including gravel parking areas, and any drainage that will discharge into any surface water body shall meet requirements of the Chelan County storm drainage standards and guidelines.

(4) Parking areas shall include landscaping per the requirements of Chapter 15.50, Landscape Standards.

(5) In residential districts, required off-street parking or loading areas may, at the administrator’s determination, be required to be located outside of the front yard setback area, if no other practical alternative exists.

(6) Parking and loading areas, for uses other than single- and two-family residential dwelling units, shall be designed to the following standards:

(A) Hard surfaced parking and loading areas shall use paint or similar devices to delineate parking stalls.

(B) Parking and loading areas shall be designed so that no backing movements or other maneuvering within a street other than an alley shall be required.

(C) Access lanes shall be designed to provide continuous, unrestricted vehicular movement, and shall connect to a public street or private roads that provide legal access to the site.

(D) Parking spaces shall be located no further than one thousand five hundred feet from the use they are serving.

(E) Wheel stops shall be provided where necessary to protect structures or landscaping and to prevent vehicles from encroaching onto any adjacent property, right-of-way or pedestrian routes.

(F) Area sufficient to accommodate snow storage without impacting the required amount of parking per this chapter shall be provided. Areas may include stormwater facilities, right-of-way or other similar features. (Res. 2014-38 (Atts. A, B) (part), 4/15/14; Res. 2009-122 (Exh. A) (part), 11/3/09: Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.040 Multiple uses.

The required parking shall be based on the sum of the parking requirements of each individual use on the property. Where there is not conflict or overlap in the principal operating hours of uses located on the same property (such as a church and a daycare), the parking requirements shall be based on the use requiring the greater amount of parking spaces pursuant to Section 11.90.060. (Res. 2018-8 (Att. A) (part), 1/30/18: Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.050 Required for off-street loading.

(1) Loading berths shall be at least ten feet wide and fifty feet long.

(2) Loading space requirements are determined by the amount of gross floor area, or land area devoted to those uses requiring loading space as follows:

(A) All commercial and industrial uses and those public uses needing to accommodate loading or unloading of trucks, or other large vehicles, shall provide off-street loading berths outside of any required front yard in accordance with Table 11.90-1:

Table 11.90-1

Gross Square Footage

Number of Berths Required

5,000 to 30,000

1

30,000 to 100,000

2

100,000 and over

3

(B) Office buildings, hotels, motels, hospitals, institutions, schools, public buildings, recreational or entertainment facilities, and any similar use which has a gross floor area of thirty thousand square feet or more, shall provide off-street loading berths outside of any required front yard in accordance with Table 11.90-2:

Table 11.90-2

Gross Square Footage

Number of Berths Required

30,000 to 100,000

1

100,000 and over

2

(Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.060 Required off-street parking.

(1) Parking space shall be provided as shown in Table 11.90-3 for the land uses listed. The number of required parking spaces shall be rounded upward to the nearest whole number if the calculation results in a fractional space requirement of one-half space or more.

(2) When parking standards require ten or more parking spaces twenty-five percent of the spaces may be compact spaces and shall be marked “COMPACT ONLY.”

Table 11.90-3 

Land Use

Required Off-Street Parking

Residential

Single-family, two-family, and manufactured home parks

2 spaces per dwelling unit

Accessory dwelling unit, guest houses

1 additional space

Multifamily (3 or more units)

1-1/2 spaces per dwelling unit

Bed and breakfasts, guest inns

1 space per bedroom and 1 space for manager

Institutional or group homes: nursing home, correctional, retirement

1 space per 5 beds and 1 space per staff person

Medical Facilities

Hospitals

1-1/2 spaces per bed

Medical or dental clinics and offices

1 space per 200 square feet

Public Assembly

Auditoriums, gyms, clubs, lodges

1 space per 4 seats or 8 feet of bench

Churches, funeral homes

1 space per 4 seats or 8 feet of bench

Libraries, museums, galleries, municipal

1 space per 300 square feet

Schools

Pre-school, daycare, kindergarten

0.07 pickup/drop-off spaces per enrolled student and 1 space per staff person

Elementary schools

0.05 parking spaces and 0.07 pickup/drop-off spaces per enrolled student

Junior high schools

0.08 parking spaces and 0.06 pickup/drop-off spaces per enrolled student

High school, vocational schools, colleges

0.20 parking spaces and 0.03 pickup/drop-off spaces per enrolled student

Commercial and Public Recreation

Archery, gun, swimming and tennis clubs or similar use

0.3 parking spaces for every attendee

Bowling alleys

5 spaces per lane

Golf courses

2 spaces per each 100 yards length plus 1 space per 200 square feet of club house

Hotels, motels, resorts

1 space per guest room or suite and 1/2 space per employee

Outdoor amusement area

0.3 spaces for every attendee

Sports field

1 space per participant (est. 45 participants per ball field)

Stadiums, arenas, theaters, race tracks

1 space per 4 seats or 8 feet of bench

Swimming pools, skating rinks, dance halls

0.3 spaces for every attendee

Commercial

Banks, personal and professional services

1 space per 300 square feet of floor area

Eating and drinking establishments

1 space per 100 square feet of floor area

Retail

1 space per 300 square feet of floor area

Retail handling bulky merchandise

1 space per 600 square feet of floor area

Service and repair shops

1 space per 600 square feet of floor area

Industrial

Auto salvage yard

5 spaces plus 1 space per each 2 acres

Manufacturing, assembly, freight terminal, wholesale, packing, storage, warehouse

1 space per employee at peak shift and 1 space per 300 square feet office space

Transportation terminals

1 space per 100 square feet waiting area

(3) Parking spaces shall maintain the minimum dimensions shown in Table 11.90-4.

Table 11.90-4

Angle

Type

Stall Width

Stall Depth

Aisle Width

Curb Length

A

 

B

C

D

E

Compact

8.0

8.0

12.0

22.0

Standard

9.0

9.0

12.0

22.0

45°

Compact

8.0

19.1

14.0

11.3

45°

Standard

9.0

19.8

13.0

12.7

60°

Compact

8.0

20.4

19.0

9.2

60°

Standard

9.0

21.8

18.0

10.4

70°

Compact

8.0

20.6

20.0

8.5

70°

Standard

9.0

21.0

19.0

9.6

90°

Compact

7.5

15.0

24.0

7.5

90°

Standard

9.0

20.0

24.0

9.0

Figure 11.90-1

(Res. 2011-86 (Att. A) (part), 10/4/11; Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.070 Standards for uses not listed.

Off-street parking and loading requirements for uses that are not specifically listed in this chapter will be determined by the administrator based upon the requirements for the most comparable use specified in this chapter. (Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.080 Change of use.

Any change in the use of any structure or parcel of land, that requires increased parking or loading requirements, as outlined in this chapter, shall be provided prior to such changes of use occurring. (Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.090 Maintenance.

Required parking and loading spaces and associated access and maneuvering aisles shall be maintained in good repair and in useable condition for the duration of the use. (Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).

11.90.100 Continuing obligation.

The provision and maintenance of off-street parking and loading as outlined in this chapter are a continuing obligation of the property owner. No building or other permit shall be issued until the parking plans, as required by Section 11.90.020, are provided and approved. The subsequent use of property for which the permit is issued shall be conditioned upon the unqualified continuance and availability of the parking and loading facilities required by this title. (Res. 2000-129 (part), 10/17/00).