Chapter 33.19
SEQUIM URBAN GROWTH AREA

Sections:

33.19.010    Sequim urban growth area zoning – Purpose.

33.19.020    Establishment of land use zones.

33.19.030    Purpose of districts.

33.19.040    Use tables.

33.19.050    Bulk and dimensional standards.

33.19.060    Development standards (purpose and intent).

SOURCE:    ADOPTED:

Ord. 644    07/28/98

Ord. 766    12/21/04

AMENDED SOURCE:    ADOPTED:

Ord. 785    12/13/05

Ord. 835    10/21/08

Ord. 857    12/08/09

33.19.010 Sequim urban growth area zoning – Purpose.

The purpose of this chapter is to establish zoning controls for the unincorporated Sequim urban growth area consistent with the comprehensive plan.

33.19.020 Establishment of land use zones.

Land use zones established to implement the comprehensive plan land use designations adopted by Clallam County, as amended, are shown in Table 33.19.020(A):

Table 33.19.020(A)
– Conversion Table of Comprehensive Plan and Zoning Designations

Comprehensive Plan Designation

Zoning Designation

Zoning Symbol

R-II

Sequim Urban Residential – II

S(R-II)

Residential R-III

Sequim Urban Residential – III

S(R-III)

Residential R-IV

Sequim Urban Residential – IV

S(R-IV)

Research and Development Park

Research and Development Park

S(RDP)

33.19.030 Purpose of districts.

The purpose of the land use zones established under CCC 33.19.020 is as follows:

(1) Sequim Urban Residential – II [S(R-II)]. The S(R-II) zone establishes areas of low density, urban residential development consisting primarily of single-family detached residences up to one dwelling unit to one acre without required urban level facilities and services and up to five dwelling units per acre with transfer of development rights and the provision of urban level facilities and services. The S(R-II) zone provides for consistency and predictability in established single-family neighborhoods.

(2) Sequim Urban Residential – III [S(R-III)]. The S(R-III) zone establishes areas of medium density, urban residential development consisting of single-family, duplex, or multifamily residences up to 10 dwelling units per acre with transfer of development rights and provision of urban level facilities and services. The S(R-III) zone is located in areas where urban services are or will be provided concurrent with development, and is typically found in close proximity to transit, with easy access to neighborhood parks, schools and shopping.

(3) Sequim Urban Residential – IV [S(R-IV)]. The S(R-IV) zone establishes areas of medium to high density, urban residential development consisting of single-family attached and detached; single-family small lot; multifamily duplexes, triplexes, and apartment development allowed at a density of up to 16 dwelling units per acre with transfer of development rights and the provision of urban level facilities and services. The S(R-IV) zone is located in areas where urban services are currently available or will be provided concurrent with development, and is typically found in close proximity to transit, with easy access to neighborhood parks, schools and shopping.

(4) Sequim Research and Development Park – S(RDP). The S(RDP) zone establishes a land use designation that allows for national security, campus-style research, and development facilities involved in environmental, chemical, biotechnology, energy efficiency, and marine and coastal security research. This zone also allows facilities and uses associated with coordinated/collaborative educational partnerships fostering commercially valuable research and prototype development.

33.19.040 Use tables.

This section establishes whether a specific land use is allowed, conditional, or prohibited under the various land use zones established under CCC 33.19.020 and 33.19.030. Allowed, conditional, and prohibited land uses are represented as “A,” “C,” and “X,” respectively, as shown in Table 33.19.040(A).

(1) With the exception of conditional land uses, as regulated in Chapter 33.27 CCC, only those allowed land uses appearing in the use table of this section are deemed to be consistent with the comprehensive plan and in the interests of public health, safety, and general welfare of residents of the unincorporated Sequim urban growth area.

(2) No land, building, or structure shall be used and no building or structure shall be erected which is intended or designed to be used, in whole or in part, for any of the uses listed as conditional land uses without the specific approval of Clallam County pursuant to Chapter 33.27 CCC.

(3) Any person may request that an unclassified use be authorized as similar to an allowed or conditional land use pursuant to CCC 33.40.050. Unclassified uses may be allowed through the issuance of a conditional land use pursuant to CCC 33.05.010.

(4) The administrator may determine that a proposed unclassified use is prohibited based on a written finding that such use is similar to a prohibited land use and does not meet the purpose of the land use zone under CCC 33.19.030. Affected parties may request a review of the administrator’s action pursuant to Chapter 33.33 CCC.

Table 33.19.040(A)

Zoning District Use

S(R-II)

S(R-III)

S(R-IV)

S(RDP)

Agriculture

A

A

A

A

Airport

X

X

X

X

Asphalt plant

X

X

X

X

Bed and breakfast

A

A

A

X

Business park

X

X

X

X

Cemetery

C

C

C

X

Child daycare center

C

C

C

A2

Church

C

C

C

C

Commercial greenhouse

X

X

X

X

Commercial horse facility

C

X

X

X

Commercial storage

X

X

X

X

Communication relay facilities

C

C

C

C

Duplex

A1

A

A

X

Family daycare provider

A

A

A

A2

Gas station

X

X

X

X

Grocery store

C

C

C

X

Group homes (16 or fewer persons)

C

C

C

X

Group homes (17 or more persons)

C

C

C

X

Home-based industry

C

C

C

X

Home enterprise

A

A

A

X

Industrial use

X

X

X

X

Limited industrial uses

X

X

X

X

Lodge

C

C

C

X

Medical service facility

C

C

C

X

Mineral extraction

X

X

X

X

Mobile home park

A

A

A

X

Motel

X

X

X

X

Multiple-family dwelling

C

A

A

X

Outdoor-oriented recreation facility

C

C

C

A2

Outdoor shooting range

X

X

X

X

Planned unit development

A

A

A

X

Primitive campground

X

X

X

X

Professional office

X

X

X

X

Race track

X

X

X

X

Research facility

X

X

X

A2

Retail use (not listed)

X

X

X

X

RV park

X

X

X

X

School

C

C

C

A2

Single-family dwelling

A

A

A

X

Tavern

X

X

X

X

Timber harvesting

A

A

A

A

Timber labor camp

X

X

X

X

Tourist shop

X

X

X

X

Vehicular repair

X

X

X

X

Veterinarian clinic/kennels

X

X

X

X

Wholesale commercial use

X

X

X

X

Wood manufacturing

X

X

X

X

Wood manufacturing, small-scale

X

X

X

X

Wrecking yard

X

X

X

X

A – Allowed Land Use C – Conditional Land Use X – Prohibited Land Use

1New duplexes require a conditional use on a parcel that either does not share a common property line with property containing an existing duplex or multifamily dwelling, or does not share a common street frontage with a parcel located within 200 feet that contains an existing duplex or multifamily dwelling.

2Allowed use where associated with research facility. Allowed research facility uses and activities include: product and material testing facilities oriented towards marine, life sciences, energy efficiency and environmental health system analysis, research education and training facilities, offices supportive of research activities and facilities, intellectual institutes, and software technology through beta development. Accessory uses and improvements include: accessory buildings, uses and improvements supporting permitted uses as defined under CCC 33.03.010(4); recreational facilities for on-site personnel; daycare facilities for on-site personnel; education facilities as related to research and prototype development activities; cafeterias for on-site personnel; user housing facilities for visiting researchers and guests for on-site research facilities; and accessory apartments and caretaker apartments that comply with CCC 33.50.050. Accessory uses also include the use of hazardous and toxic materials in testing protocols; provided, that acquisition, storage, use and disposition of all materials must meet state and federal requirements.

33.19.050 Bulk and dimensional standards.

(1) Bulk and Dimensional Purpose. In recognition of the varied topography and geographical relationships within the Sequim urban growth area and for the safety and general welfare of the citizens bulk, dimensional and general requirements for the zoning districts shall be required as a necessary part of the development and use of land. All permitted uses and conditional uses, except as otherwise established in an approved planned unit development, shall comply with the requirements of this section.

(2) Bulk, Dimensional and General Requirements. Bulk, dimensional, and general requirements are herewith established and shall be provided in accordance with the minimum standards hereinafter set forth in Table (A) of this subsection. Bulk and dimensional standards measure the spatial, four-dimensional limitations of the site, including height, width, depth, and coverage. Lot size and residential density are also subject to subsection (3) of this section and CCC 33.19.060(1).

Table 33.19.050(2)(A)
– Bulk, Dimensional and General Requirements  

Zone

Minimum (feet)

Maximum

Lot Size

Lot Width

Required Setbacks1

Lot Coverage

Building Height (feet)

Residential Density

Front

Side (each)

Rear

Access Road

Collector Road

Arterial

S(R-II)

9,000 square feet

50'

20'

25'

35'

10'

15'

50%

35'

4 du/acre without TDR2

OR

up to 5 du/acre with TDR

S(R-III)

9,000 square feet for single-family

9,000 square feet plus 2,000 square feet per additional unit for duplex and multifamily residences regardless of the number of buildings

50'

20'

25'

35'

10'

15'

50%

35'

4 du/acre without TDR2

OR

up to 10 du/acre with TDR

S(R-IV)

6,000 square feet for single-family

6,000 square feet plus 2,000 square feet per additional unit for duplex and multifamily residences regardless of the number of buildings

50'

20'

25'

35'

10'

15'

50%

50'

4 du/acre without TDR2

OR

up to 16 du/acre with TDR

S(RDP)

2 acres

100'

25'

50'

50'

100'3

100'3

50%

50'

N/A

1Setbacks are measured as per subsection (5) of this section. Where required setbacks under the International Building Code adopted by Clallam County differ from the minimum setbacks established in this table, the more restrictive regulation shall apply.

2Clallam County will allow for a maximum residential density of four dwelling units per acre without the transfer of development rights from lands zoned Agricultural Retention. Residential density greater than four dwelling units per acre up to the maximum allowed residential density of the zone (see above) shall require transfer of development rights from an Agricultural Retention zoned lot(s) pursuant to subsection (3) of this section. The requirement for the purchase or transfer of development rights shall not apply to the construction of up to two dwelling units on a legal lot of record created prior to July 28, 1998.

3Setback applies in the S(RDP) zone where abuts adjacent rural or urban residential land use and zoning districts.

(3) Transfer of Development Rights. This chapter designates the S(R-II), S(R-III), and S(R-IV) residential zones as receiving areas of transferable development rights from lands designated Agricultural on the Official Sequim-Dungeness Regional Comprehensive Plan Map, as amended, consistent with CCC 31.03.230(6)(a), Comprehensive Plan Policy 10. Table 33.19.050(2)(A) establishes the residential density for which transfer and/or purchase of transferable development rights shall be required within the S(R-II), S(R-III), and S(R-IV) zones. The actual transfer and/or purchase of transferable development rights shall follow the requirements as set forth under Chapter 33.26 CCC.

(4) Exceptions. The bulk, dimensional and general requirements set forth in subsection (2) of this section shall apply to specifically permitted and conditional uses tabulated in CCC 33.19.040, excepting the following:

(a) The maximum building height provided in subsection (2) of this section shall not apply to antennas; provided, that antennas are set back from all exterior property lines at a minimum ratio of one foot of setback for every three feet of vertical height as measured from grade.

(b) Antennas, satellite dishes, or other communication devices shall not be located in the front setback area.

(c) No structures, excepting fences and berms, shall be placed within the front setback area.

(d) Planned unit developments approved consistent with this title and CCC Title 29, Clallam County Land Division Code, may specifically delineate setback, bulk, height or dimensional requirements which differ from these standards.

(5) Measurement of Setbacks. All setbacks shall be measured from the lot line to the foundation of any building as defined in Chapter 33.03 CCC.

(6) Sight Clearance. In all zones, corner lots shall maintain, for safety purposes, a triangular area in which no physical obstruction, such as a structure, fence, tree or shrub higher than 36 inches above grade shall be permitted. Such triangular area shall have one angle formed by the front lot line and the side lot line separating the lot from the side street, the length of which lot line sides of the triangle shall be 15 feet. The third side of the triangle shall be a line connecting the two lot lines at the 15-foot point on each.

(7) Road Classifications. The purpose of establishing road classifications is to clarify the setbacks for development activities consistent with the requirements of this section. The following road designations shall apply to the following streets maintained by either City of Sequim, Clallam County, or Washington Department of Transportation that are within the Sequim urban growth area; all roads not specifically listed shall be classified as an access road:

Arterials

Collectors

SR 101 By-Pass

N. Brown Road

Existing Highway 101

Hendrickson Road

Old Olympic Highway

Keeler Road

Sequim-Dungeness Way

Miller Road

North Sequim Avenue

Port Williams Road

Priest Road

River Road

SR 101 By-Pass South Frontage Road

Still Avenue

Third Avenue

West Sequim Bay Road

33.19.060 Development standards (purpose and intent).

Development standards are established to ensure the compatibility of uses permitted within the Sequim urban growth area and to ensure the protection of the public health, safety, and general welfare. All uses located within the Sequim urban growth area shall be subject to the development standards, as applicable, set forth in this section.

(1) Sewage Disposal and Water Supply. Sewage disposal and water supply shall be provided consistent with the Interlocal Agreement/Service Extension Review Process (SERP), as amended, jointly adopted by Clallam County and the City of Sequim.

(2) Maximum Building Area. In order to comply with the spirit and intent of the comprehensive plan and the purpose of the land use zones as described in CCC 33.19.030, all commercial and industrial uses shall demonstrate consistency with the following maximum building area standards:

(a) S(R-II), S(R-III), and S(R-IV) Residential Zones. Grocery stores shall be limited to a single structure no larger than 2,000 square feet.

(3) Landscaping. Landscaping for commercial, industrial, mixed use, duplex, and multifamily developments shall comply with Chapter 33.53 CCC. The use of existing native vegetation is preferred whenever possible, and may be used in lieu of or in combination with new plantings to demonstrate substantial consistency with the plant and screening standards of Chapter 33.53 CCC. The landscaping plan shall also demonstrate compliance with the following performance standards:

(a) Landscaped areas between public roads and parking shall be provided.

(b) Outside storage, including garbage, recycling and maintenance facilities, shall be screened from view from public roads and neighboring properties.

(4) Off-Street Parking. Parking for commercial, industrial, mixed use, duplex, and multifamily developments shall comply with Chapter 33.55 CCC. The parking plan shall also demonstrate compliance with the following performance standards:

(a) Duplexes and multifamily residences shall provide no less than 1.5 parking spaces per unit. Parking areas shall be located behind or under buildings where practical; except that attached garages shall be allowed for duplexes.

(b) The number of access points from parking areas to public streets shall be minimized or shall be shared (where possible) within a development.

(c) Parking areas shall include landscaping, fencing and/or berming substantially equivalent to the standards in Chapter 33.55 CCC when abutting existing single-family residences or residential zoning districts.

(d) Parking lighting shall not create off-site glare, and shall be downward facing and/or shielded and directed away from neighboring properties.

(5) Sidewalks. Sidewalks are required to be provided in the public right-of-way abutting the subject property for commercial, industrial, mixed use, duplex, and multifamily developments, as follows:

(a) If the street grade has been approved by the County Engineer (or his/her designee), or if the curbs and gutters are currently in place along the public road abutting the subject property, then any new construction, or a remodel which increases the square footage of the primary structure by 50 percent or more, on that property shall require the property owner to provide and fully develop sidewalks along the entire frontage of the subject property which abuts a public right-of-way and which is consistent with subsection (5)(c) of this section and prior to issuance of a building permit.

(b) If the street grade has not been approved by the County Engineer (or his/her designee) then any new construction, or a remodel which increases the square footage of the primary structure by 50 percent or more, on that property for all allowed uses shall require the property owner to provide and fully develop sidewalks along the entire frontage of the subject property consistent with subsection (5)(c) of this section prior to issuance of a building permit for said construction.

(c) Minimum Sidewalk Development Standards. Sidewalks shall be established consistent with the City and County Design Standards, 1995 Edition, as amended. Where sidewalk depths of adjacent properties are inconsistent, a transition area shall be provided to avoid hazardous conditions, as approved by the County Engineer (or his/her designee).

(6) Signage. Signs shall comply with the Clallam County Sign Code, Chapter 33.57 CCC.

(7) Site Planning. Commercial, industrial, mixed use, duplex, and multifamily developments shall demonstrate compliance with the following site planning performance standards:

(a) Provision of safe ingress and egress, pedestrian and vehicular circulation.

(b) Provision of adequate stacking or vehicle queuing room at driveways and street intersections shall be required, based on engineered traffic studies and calculations, as required by the County Engineer (or his/her designee), consistent with the Comprehensive Plan.

(c) Where practical, shared access and circulation should be provided to minimize vehicular curb cuts or road approaches.

(d) Off-site traffic controls, devices, or improvements, including traffic lights, intersection improvements, and/or turning lanes shall be installed, as required by the County or City Engineer, consistent with the Comprehensive Plan.

(e) Outside storage for commercial, industrial, and mixed use developments shall be screened from view from public roads and neighboring properties.

(f) Where practical, service vehicle accesses and parking areas should be separated from customer parking and circulation.

(g) Commercial developments should be designed to limit the use of on-site circulation and parking areas as cut-throughs.

(h) Duplex and multifamily developments shall be designed to orient to public or private streets and to provide pedestrian and vehicular connections to existing nearby neighborhoods. The following standards are required:

(i) For developments proposing multiple structures of phased development, all buildings shall face an internal street or another access shall be developed.

(ii) Each building shall be provided with direct pedestrian access from a street fronting the building and from established parking areas.

(8) Services. Commercial, industrial, mixed use, duplex, and multifamily developments shall at a minimum include mailboxes, garbage and recycling pickup, transit stops, walkways and parking area lighting. In addition, the following performance standards shall be met:

(a) Adequate safe pedestrian walkways shall be established within the project, which shall be designed to be in conformance with ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) regulations.

(b) Street lighting shall be provided along walkways adjacent to and within the development. Lighting shall not create glare, and shall be downward facing and/or shielded and directed away from neighboring properties.

(c) Security lighting shall be provided in parking and designated outdoor recreation areas. Security lighting shall minimize glare, shall be downward facing and/or shielded, and shall be directed away from neighboring properties.

(d) Garbage, maintenance, and recycling facilities shall be screened.

(e) Pedestrian connections to adjacent development shall be provided, where practical, in public rights-of-way, or along designated trail corridors.

(9) Open Space and Recreation (Duplex and Multifamily Developments). Usable open space and recreation areas within developments shall be required within duplex and multifamily residential developments consistent with Sequim Comprehensive Plan Policy OSR 13. The following open space and recreation standards are required:

(a) For developments of more than five units, a minimum of 200 square feet of usable open space for each dwelling unit in the project is required. A portion of the usable open space may be required to provide for active recreational uses allowed by this subsection.

(b) Play Space for Children. Duplex and multifamily residential projects comprised of five or more dwelling units that are anticipated by their unit type and design to accommodate families shall provide a safe play space for children. Projects that are established solely for the occupancy of adults shall not be required to establish play spaces. The required play space shall address the following standards:

(i) Play spaces shall include play equipment which is manufactured and installed in conformance with the safety standards of the American Play Equipment Industry, or other adopted standards.

(ii) Play spaces may be established within side and rear yard setbacks, excepting that no play space shall be located within 10 feet of any road, driveway or alleyway, parking area, or adjacent single-family residence or single-family residential zone without the provision of fences or buffers.

(iii) To maximize the personal safety of children resident in the development, play spaces shall be located so as to provide maximum visibility from surrounding duplex and multifamily dwelling units.

(iv) Play space should be adequately sized and equipped to be roughly proportional to the anticipated recreational impact.

(c) The provision of usable open space, play spaces, and/or recreational spaces within duplex or multifamily developments of five or more units may be phased concurrent with the approval of a phasing plan consistent with the requirements of this Code; provided, that each phase shall include usable open space and play spaces (if required) established in proportion to the size and impacts of each phase.