40.340.020    Access and Circulation Standards

A.    Access and Circulation Standards.

1.    Applicability. This section applies to new development that includes parking or loading areas or vehicle, bicycle or pedestrian circulation, including changes to access and circulation of existing development.

2.    Vehicle Access and Circulation Generally.

a.    Availability. Access and circulation required for a proposed use or development shall be improved to the standards in this section before the county issues an occupancy permit or final inspection for the use or development in question.

b.    Joint Access. The responsible official may authorize joint access by two (2) or more uses if:

(1)    The responsible official finds the access will comply with other applicable access and circulation standards of the UDC; and

(2)    Before the county issues a building permit for the use or development on one (1) lot that will be served by the shared access on another lot, the applicant shall submit to the county cross-easements or equivalent agreements executed by the owners of the affected properties and filed permanently in county records with deeds to the properties authorizing use of the properties for the proposed shared access.

c.    Access and circulation drives shall comply with the applicable locational standards of Chapter 40.340, and shall be wide enough to safely accommodate the traffic that will use it consistent with standards approved by the Public Works Director. Each parking and loading space shall have access from a street by means of such a drive.

d.    Except for single-family and duplex dwellings, it shall be practicable for a typical driver to enter and exit all loading spaces and to enter and exit all groups of more than two (2) parking spaces without backing or maneuvering in a public street other than an alley.

3.    Pedestrian Circulation. Pedestrian circulation shall be provided consistent with the following:

a.    Required pedestrian circulation routes shall be improved with asphalt, concrete, permeable pavement or other approved all-weather surface; provided, pedestrian circulation routes through recreational or open space areas may be improved with a material consistent with their purpose and the characteristics of their location.

b.    Pedestrian circulation routes shall connect structures and uses on the site, such as buildings, vehicle and bicycle parking areas, children’s play areas, required outdoor areas, open spaces, plazas, resting areas and viewpoints.

c.    The developer shall extend pedestrian circulation routes to sidewalks and transit stops along streets abutting the site, to pedestrian facilities that extend to the edge of the site from off-site, and to the edge of the site in the direction of existing, approved or proposed off-site pedestrian and transit facilities.

d.    To the extent practicable, the pedestrian circulation system shall be designed to minimize the distance a pedestrian needs to walk between typical origins and destinations on and off the site, including transit stops, public sidewalks and building entrances. Circuitous routes generally should be avoided except for an appropriate purpose given the use or setting.

e.    Where pedestrian or bicycle routes cross access, maneuvering, parking or loading areas, the crossing must be clearly identified by using striping, elevation changes, speed bumps, a different paving material, and/or other method that effectively alerts drivers, pedestrians and cyclists of the location and nature of the crossing. Striping is discouraged as the only method of identification of pedestrian crossings due to maintenance problems and effectiveness in alerting drivers. When striping is used it must be continuously maintained in perpetuity in an effective manner by the property owner.

f.    Where a pedestrian or bicycle route is parallel and adjoining an auto travel lane, the pedestrian or bicycle route must be safely separated from the auto travel lane by using a raised path, a raised curb, bollards, landscaping or other physical barrier.

4.    Access Standards for Drive-In, Drive-Up and Drive-Through Uses.

a.    All uses providing drive-in, drive-up and drive-through services as defined by the UDC shall provide on-site queuing spaces for in-bound vehicles as shown in Table 40.340.020-1. The minimum queuing space required for uses supplying multiple service terminals or windows will be set in site plan review.

b.    A vehicle queuing space shall be eighteen (18) feet long and eight (8) feet wide and shall not be used for backing and maneuvering space for parking or other purposes.

Table 40.340.020-1. Minimum Queuing Spaces for Drive-Up and Drive-Through Services



Drive-through coffee or food stands over 200 square feet without indoor seating

6 per window, or as determined at the time of site plan review

Drive-through banks

5 spaces/service terminal

Drive-through as part of a restaurant or coffee shop with indoor seating

10 spaces/service window

Gasoline service stations

3 spaces/pump

Mechanical car washes

3 spaces/washing unit

Parking facilities:


Free-flow entry

1 space/entry driveway

Ticket dispense entry

2 spaces/entry driveway

Manual ticket dispensing

8 spaces/entry driveway

Attendant parking

10% of the parking capacity served by the driveway

Other facilities

To be set in site plan or conditional use review

(Amended: Ord. 2014-01-08; Ord. 2015-11-24)