Chapter 1.08


1.08.010    Definitions.

1.08.020    Grammatical interpretation.

1.08.030    Prohibited acts include causing and permitting.

1.08.040    Construction.

1.08.050    Repeal shall not revive any ordinances.

1.08.010 Definitions.

The following words and phrases, wherever used in the ordinances of the town of Concrete, Washington, shall be construed as defined in this section unless from the context a different meaning is intended or unless a different meaning is specifically defined and more particularly directed to the use of such words or phrases:

(1) “City” or “town” means the town of Concrete, Washington, or the area within the territorial limits of the town of Concrete, and such territory outside of the town over which the town has jurisdiction or control by virtue of any constitutional or statutory provision.

(2) “Computation of time” means the determination of the time within which an act is to be done. It is computed by excluding the day of the act, event, or default from which the designated period of time begins to run and including the last day of the period so computed; and if the last day is a Saturday, Sunday or a legal holiday, that day shall be excluded, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day which is neither a Saturday, a Sunday nor a legal holiday.

(3) “Council” means the town council of the town of Concrete. “All its members,” or “all council members” means the total number of council members provided by the general laws of the state of Washington and/or all persons currently holding such title.

(4) “County” means the county of Skagit.

(5) “Law” denotes applicable federal law, the constitution and statutes of the state of Washington, the ordinances of the town of Concrete, and when appropriate, any and all rules and regulations which may be promulgated thereunder.

(6) “May” is permissive.

(7) “Month” means a calendar month.

(8) “Must” and “shall.” Each is mandatory.

(9) “Oath” is construed to include an affirmation or declaration in all cases in which, by law, an affirmation may be substituted for an oath, and in such cases the words “swear” and “sworn” are equivalent to the words “affirm” and “affirmed.”

(10) “Ordinance” means a law of the town; provided, that a temporary or special law, administrative action, orders or directive may be in the form of a resolution.

(11) “Owner,” applied to a building or land, includes any part owner, joint owner, tenant in common, joint tenant or tenant by the entirety, or the whole or part of such building or land.

(12) “Person” means natural person, joint venture, joint stock company, partnership, association, club, company, corporation, business, trust, organization or the manager, lessee, agent, servant, officer or employee of any of them.

(13) “Personal property” includes money, goods, chattels, causes of action, things in action and evidences of debt.

(14) “Preceding” and “following” mean next before and next after, respectively.

(15) “Property” includes real and personal property.

(16) “Real property” includes lands, tenements and hereditaments.

(17) “Sidewalk” means that portion of a street between the curb line and the adjacent property line intended for the use of pedestrians.

(18) “State” means the state of Washington.

(19) “Street” includes all streets, highways, avenues, lanes, alleys, courts, places, squares, curbs or other public ways in this town which have been or may hereafter be dedicated and open to public use, or such other public property so designated in any law of this state.

(20) “Tenant” and “occupant,” applied to a building or land, includes any person who occupies the whole or a part of such building or land, whether alone or with others.

(21) “Title of office.” Use of the title of any officer, employee, department, board or commission means that officer, employee, department, board or commission of the town.

(22) “Written” includes printed, typewritten, mimeographed or multigraphed.

(23) “Year” means a calendar year. [Ord. 685, 2011; Ord. 497 § 1, 2003]

1.08.020 Grammatical interpretation.

The following grammatical rules shall apply in the ordinances of the town:

(1) Gender. Designation in the form of any gender includes the masculine, feminine and neuter genders.

(2) Tenses. Words used in the present tense include the past and the future tenses and vice versa, unless manifestly inapplicable. [Ord. 497 § 2, 2003]

1.08.030 Prohibited acts include causing and permitting.

Whenever in the ordinances of the town any act or omission is made unlawful, it includes causing and permitting such act or omission. [Ord. 497 § 3, 2003]

1.08.040 Construction.

The following rules of construction shall apply:

(1) The provisions of the ordinances of the town, and all proceedings under them, are to be construed with a view to effect their objects and to promote justice.

(2) All words and phrases shall be construed and understood according to the common and approved usage of the language; but technical words and phrases and such others as may have acquired a peculiar and appropriate meaning in the law shall be construed and understood according to such peculiar and appropriate meaning.

(3) When an act is required by an ordinance, the same being such that it may be done as well by an agent as by the principal, such requirement shall be construed as to include all such acts performed by an authorized agent.

(4) Use of Words and Phrases. Words and phrases not specifically defined shall be construed according to the context and approved usage of the language. [Ord. 497 § 4, 2003]

1.08.050 Repeal shall not revive any ordinances.

The repeal of an ordinance shall not repeal the repealing clause of such ordinance or revive any ordinance which has been repealed thereby. [Ord. 497 § 5, 2003]